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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910139/quality-of-life-in-children-and-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
Eric A Storch, Brent J Small, Joseph F McGuire, Tanya K Murphy, Sabine Wilhelm, Daniel A Geller
OBJECTIVE: The study examined clinical correlates of quality of life (QoL), impact of treatment on QoL, and predictors of QoL change among children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: One hundred forty-two children with primary OCD who were enrolled as part of a larger clinical trial participated. Children were administered a structured diagnostic interview, as well as clinician-administered measures of OCD and depression symptom severity. Children and parents completed reports of QoL, as well as measures of impairment and internalizing and externalizing symptoms...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892781/family-accommodation-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-undergoing-intensive-multimodal-treatment-for-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-nature-clinical-correlates-and-treatment-response
#2
Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza, Sophie C Schneider, Davíð Højgaard, Brian C Kay, Bradley C Riemann, Stephanie C Eken, Peter Lake, Joshua M Nadeau, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Family accommodation is associated with a range of clinical features including symptom severity, functional impairment, and treatment response. However, most previous studies in children and adolescents investigated family accommodation in samples of youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or anxiety disorders receiving non-intensive outpatient services. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate family accommodation of anxiety symptoms in a sample of youth with clinical anxiety levels undergoing an intensive multimodal intervention for anxiety disorders or OCD...
August 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865371/the-relationship-between-cognitions-and-symptoms-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Lee Tibi, Patricia van Oppen, Anton J L M van Balkom, Merijn Eikelenboom, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Gideon E Anholt
BACKGROUND: The cognitive theory of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) ascertains that catastrophic (mis)interpretations of normally occurring intrusive thoughts are related to the maintenance of OCD. Nonetheless, findings supporting the relationship between cognitive biases and OCD symptoms are largely inconsistent. In the present study we examined the relationship between OCD cognitions and symptoms among 382 OCD patients participating in the longitudinal Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854296/efficacy-and-safety-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-and-placebo-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Cosima Locher, Helen Koechlin, Sean R Zion, Christoph Werner, Daniel S Pine, Irving Kirsch, Ronald C Kessler, Joe Kossowsky
Importance: Depressive disorders (DDs), anxiety disorders (ADs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common mental disorders in children and adolescents. Objective: To examine the relative efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and placebo for the treatment of DD, AD, OCD, and PTSD in children and adolescents. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database from inception through August 7, 2016...
August 30, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852254/efficacy-of-danger-ideation-reduction-therapy-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-washer-with-poor-insight-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#5
Masood Maqbool, K S Sengar, Vikas, Mohit Kumar, Premkant Damodhar Uparikar
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Treatment usually consists of serotonergic medications along with exposure therapies. Danger ideation reduction therapy (DIRT) is an alternative therapy predominantly for washing compulsions and focuses on reduction of danger ideations. DIRT was tried on Ms. S. with a history of OCD for 15 years and improvement was noticed on Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, Padua Inventory, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale after 15 sessions of DIRT though she was not fully symptom-free...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851803/mediating-effects-of-self-stigma-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-singapore
#6
Louisa Picco, Ying Wen Lau, Shirlene Pang, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether self-stigma mediates the relationship between perceived stigma and quality of life, self-esteem and general functioning among outpatients with depression, schizophrenia, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at a tertiary psychiatric hospital in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: 280 outpatients with a primary clinical diagnosis of either schizophrenia, depression, anxiety or OCD...
August 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841485/exploration-of-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-the-clinic-based-prevalence-rate-symptoms-nature-and-clinical-correlates
#7
Sehyun Jeon, Ji Hyun Baek, So Yung Yang, Yujin Choi, Sung Woo Ahn, Kyooseob Ha, Kyung Sue Hong
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has received clinical attention. However, the detailed nature and nolosogic validity of the comorbidity have not been fully explored. This study investigated the comorbidity rate, clinical nature, and correlates of OCD in patients with BD. METHODS: Patients (n = 314) with BD were recruited and lifetime clinical characteristics were evaluated comprehensively. The comorbid OCD ('OCD-BD') group and the 'non-OC BD' group were compared in terms of the clinical variables of BD...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831377/centrality-of-prefrontal-and-motor-preparation-cortices-to-tourette-syndrome-revealed-by-meta-analysis-of-task-based-neuroimaging-studies
#8
Liliana Polyanska, Hugo D Critchley, Charlotte L Rae
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by chronic multiple tics, which are experienced as compulsive and 'unwilled'. Patients with TS can differ markedly in the frequency, severity, and bodily distribution of tics. Moreover, there are high comorbidity rates with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety disorders, and depression. This complex clinical profile may account for apparent variability of findings across neuroimaging studies that connect neural function to cognitive and motor behavior in TS...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822003/pedophilia-themed-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-assessment-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-exposure-and-response-prevention
#9
Simone Leavell Bruce, Terence H W Ching, Monnica T Williams
Fears of sexually harming children are fairly common among clients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet these symptoms are largely unrecognized and frequently misdiagnosed by mental health professionals. Specifically, clients with pedophilia-themed OCD (P-OCD) experience excessive worries and distressing intrusive thoughts about being sexually attracted to, and sexually violating, children. Expressing these concerns may provoke misjudgments from uninformed mental health professionals that a client is presenting instead with pedophilic disorder...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791792/the-role-of-feared-possible-selves-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-a-comparative-analysis-of-a-core-cognitive-self-construct-in-clinical-samples
#10
Frederick Aardema, Richard Moulding, Gabriele Melli, Adam S Radomsky, Guy Doron, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Magali Purcell-Lalonde
Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i.e., repugnant obsessions)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781911/deep-brain-stimulation-for-psychiatric-disorders-is-there-an-impact-on-social-functioning
#11
REVIEW
Christian Saleh, Gregor Hasler
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for refractory psychiatric disorders shows promising effects on symptom-reduction, however, little is known regarding the effects of DBS on social outcome. METHODS: A PubMed search based on original studies of DBS for psychiatric disorders [treatment resistant depression (TRD), Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (GTS), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)] was conducted. Data on social outcome following surgery were extracted and analyzed...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781731/neuropsychological-functioning-in-obsessive-compulsive-washers-drug-naive-without-depressive-symptoms
#12
Ali Akbar Saremi, Seyed Vahid Shariat, Mohammad Ali Nazari, Behrooz Dolatshahi
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a complex and heterogeneous neuropsychiatric syndrome. Contamination obsessions and washing/cleaning compulsions are the most frequent clinical OCD subtypes. The current study aimed at examining the neuropsychological impairments in drug-naive obsessive-compulsive (OC) washers without depressive symptoms and their association with the severity of symptoms. METHODS: In the current causal-comparative study, 35 patients with diagnostic and statistical mental disorders class (DSM)-IV diagnosed with washing-subtype OCD and 35 healthy subjects were selected by the convenience sampling method and evaluated by computerized neuropsychology battery and clinical tests as Stroop Color-Word Test (SCWT), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Go/No-Go Test, Digits Forward (DF), Digits Backward (DB), Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-28...
May 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768346/-psychotherapy-with-adjuvant-use-of-serotonergic-psychoactive-substances-possibilities-and-challenges
#13
Tomislav Majić, Henrik Jungaberle, Timo T Schmidt, Andrea Zeuch, Leo Hermle, Jürgen Gallinat
Background Recently, scientific interest in the therapeutic potential of serotonergic and psilocybin hallucinogens (psychedelics) such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and entactogens like 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) within the framework of psychotherapy has resumed. The present article provides an overview on the current evidence on substance-assisted psychotherapy with these substances. Method A selective search was carried out in the PubMed and Cochrane Library including studies investigating the clinical use of serotonergic psychoactive substances since 2000...
July 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763736/schizophrenia-dissection-by-five-anxiety-and-depressive-subtype-comorbidities-clinical-implications-and-evolutionary-perspective
#14
André B Veras, Simone Cougo, Fernanda Meira, Clayton Peixoto, Jorge A Barros, Antonio E Nardi, Dolores Malaspina, Michael Poyurovsky, Jeffrey P Kahn
Twenty patients with DSM5 schizophrenia were comprehensively and formally assessed by an experienced psychiatrist. All subjects were assessed for: positive and negative psychotic symptoms; social anxiety; panic anxiety; obsessive compulsive disorder, atypical depression; major depression; suicide risk; and global assessment of functioning. Different profiles of clinical presentation and symptom evolution emerged for patients with schizophrenia who had co-morbid depression (15%), OCD (15%), panic or limited symptom attacks (55%) and social anxiety (5%)...
July 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754505/mapping-emotional-disorders-at-the-finest-level-convergent-validity-and-joint-structure-based-on-alternative-measures
#15
Allison Dornbach-Bender, Camilo J Ruggero, Monika A Waszczuk, Wakiza Gamez, David Watson, Roman Kotov
BACKGROUND: Traditional categorization of emotional disorders suffers from within-disorder heterogeneity and excessive comorbidity. Quantitative nosology instead proposes grouping homogenous components of these disorders within a higher order internalizing dimension. However, the precise number, composition, and hierarchical structure of these components remains unclear and varies based on assessment tools. METHODS: The present study jointly examined two assessment systems with the broadest coverage of homogeneous emotional disorder components-the revised Interview for Mood and Anxiety Symptoms (IMAS-R) and the self-report-based expanded version of the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms (IDAS-II)-to map their convergent and discriminant validity and joint structure in outpatient (N=426) and treated student (N=306) samples...
June 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752185/the-subchondral-bone-healing-after-fixation-of-an-osteochondral-talar-defect-is-superior-in-comparison-with-microfracture
#16
Mikel L Reilingh, Kaj T A Lambers, Jari Dahmen, Kim T M Opdam, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic bone marrow stimulation (BMS) has been considered the primary surgical treatment for osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus. However, fixation has been considered as a good alternative. Recently, a new arthroscopic fixation technique was described: the lift, drill, fill and fix procedure (LDFF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results between arthroscopic LDFF and arthroscopic BMS in primary fixable talar OCDs at 1-year follow-up...
July 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751351/intrusive-thoughts-and-images-of-intentional-harm-to-infants-in-the-context-of-maternal-postnatal-depression-anxiety-and-ocd
#17
Peter J Lawrence, Michelle G Craske, Claire Kempton, Anne Stewart, Alan Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#18
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715850/how-willing-are-you-willingness-as-a-predictor-of-change-during-treatment-of-adults-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Adam M Reid, Lauryn E Garner, Nathaniel Van Kirk, Christina Gironda, Jason W Krompinger, Brian P Brennan, Brittany M Mathes, Sadie Cole Monaghan, Eric D Tifft, Marie-Christine André, Jordan Cattie, Jesse M Crosby, Jason A Elias
OBJECTIVE: Exposure and response prevention (ERP) is an effective treatment for individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet a substantial number of individuals with OCD do not fully respond to this intervention. Based on emerging experimental and clinical research on acceptance, this study sought to explore whether willingness to experience unpleasant thoughts, emotions, and bodily sensations during ERP was associated with improved treatment response. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight adults with OCD receiving residential ERP provided self-rated willingness and other exposure-related variables during each daily coached ERP session...
July 17, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707590/combining-drug-and-psychological-treatments-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-what-is-the-evidence-when-and-for-whom
#20
Umberto Albert, Gabriele Di Salvo, Francesca Solia, Gianluca Rosso, Giuseppe Maina
BACKGROUND: serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) are first-line treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Since response is often inadequate, in recent years researchers investigated whether combining CBT and SRIs, either ab initio or sequentially, results in a greater reduction of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: the aims of the present paper are to assess if combination treatment seems adding benefits as compared to either monotherapy alone and if sequential strategies may be effective in converting partial or non responders to a first-line treatment into responders...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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