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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778712/validation-reliability-and-specificity-of-clinicom%C3%A2-psychiatric-assessment-software
#1
Nelson Handal, James LePage, Philip Dayley, Barbara Baldwin, Amellia Roeser, Joni Kay, Heather Ann Theobald, Michael Nellamattathil, Scott Drotar, Connor Weir, Neil Tindell, Kevin Tice
The purpose of this study was to determine the specificity and reproducibility of CliniCom™ Psychiatric Assessment Software to appropriately diagnose five prevalent mental health disorders. This online assessment tool incorporates proprietary algorithms for its propensity assessment. Unlike other questionnaires, which require a survey per specific mental disorder, CliniCom can simultaneously assess multiple mental disorders for an individual. CliniCom was concordant with other commonly used assessment tools in diagnosing five prevalent disorders including: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Social Phobia...
May 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774005/the-bergen-4-day-ocd-treatment-delivered-in-a-group-setting-12-month-follow-up
#2
Bjarne Hansen, Kristen Hagen, Lars-Göran Öst, Stian Solem, Gerd Kvale
The Bergen 4-day concentrated exposure treatment (cET) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has proven highly acceptable; with practically no drop-out and a 6 month remission rate of nearly 70%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate long term gains of the approach, and to compare the results to findings from our recent meta-analysis. Sixty-nine of 95 patients consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic in the specialist health care, were offered the Bergen 4-day treatment. Among the 65 who initiated treatment, 60...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760673/three-week-inpatient-treatment-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up-study
#3
Torun Grøtte, Bjarne Hansen, Svein Haseth, Patrick A Vogel, Ismail C Guzey, Stian Solem
Background: Specialized inpatient or residential treatment might be an alternative treatment approach for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that do not respond satisfactorily to the standard outpatient treatment formats. Method: The aim of this open trial was to investigate the 6-month effectiveness of a 3-week inpatient treatment of OCD, where exposure with response prevention (ERP) was the main treatment intervention. The sample consisted of 187 adult patients with OCD, all with previous treatment attempts for OCD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751168/subjective-cognitive-function-in-hoarding-disorder
#4
David F Tolin, Lauren S Hallion, Bethany M Wootton, Hannah C Levy, Amber L Billingsley, Akanksha Das, Benjamin W Katz, Michael C Stevens
The aim of the present study was to examine subjective cognitive impairment among adult patients with hoarding disorder (HD). Eighty-three patients with HD and 46 age- and gender-matched healthy control (HC) participants received a diagnostic interview and completed measures of subjective cognitive functioning and motivations for saving behavior, as well as measures of hoarding severity, depression, anxiety, stress, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. The HD group reported more impairment than did the HC group in domains of memory, distractibility, blunders, memory for names, and inattention...
May 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739634/mindfulness-based-exposure-and-response-prevention-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-findings-from-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Clara Strauss, Laura Lea, Mark Hayward, Elizabeth Forrester, Tamara Leeuwerik, Anna-Marie Jones, Claire Rosten
BACKGROUND: Only about half of people with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) show clinically significant improvement following the recommended therapy, exposure and response prevention (ERP), partly due to poor therapy acceptability. A mindfulness-based approach to ERP (MB-ERP) has the potential to improve acceptability and outcomes. METHODS: This was an internal pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) of group MB-ERP compared to group ERP. 37 participants meeting DSM-IV OCD criteria were randomly allocated to MB-ERP or ERP...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734494/error-related-brain-activity-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Gregory L Hanna, Yanni Liu, Yona E Isaacs, Angela M Ayoub, Alice Brosius, Zachary Salander, Paul D Arnold, William J Gehring
BACKGROUND: The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential following a mistake that is often increased in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The relationship of the ERN to comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD) has not been examined in adolescents with OCD. This study compared ERN amplitudes in OCD patients with MDD (OCD + MDD), OCD patients without MDD (OCD - MDD), MDD patients, and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: The ERN, correct response negativity, and accuracy were measured during a flanker task to assess performance monitoring in 53 adolescents with a lifetime diagnosis of OCD, 36 adolescents with a lifetime diagnosis of MDD, and 89 age-matched HC of 13-18 years...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721727/schizotypy-and-smooth-pursuit-eye-movements-as-potential-endophenotypes-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Katharina Bey, Inga Meyhöfer, Leonhard Lennertz, Rosa Grützmann, Stephan Heinzel, Christian Kaufmann, Julia Klawohn, Anja Riesel, Ulrich Ettinger, Norbert Kathmann, Michael Wagner
Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) show dysfunctions of the fronto-striatal circuitry, which imply corresponding oculomotor deficits including smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM). However, evidence for a deficit in SPEM is inconclusive, with some studies reporting reduced velocity gain while others did not find any SPEM dysfunctions in OCD patients. Interestingly, psychosis-like traits have repeatedly been linked to both OCD and impaired SPEM. Here, we examined a large sample of n = 168 patients with OCD, n = 93 unaffected first-degree relatives and n = 171 healthy control subjects to investigate whether elevated levels of schizotypy and SPEM deficits represent potential endophenotypes of OCD...
May 2, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717977/a-study-of-novel-bilateral-thermal-capsulotomy-with-focused-ultrasound-for-treatment-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-2-year-follow-up
#8
Se Joo Kim, Daeyoung Roh, Hyun Ho Jung, Won Seok Chang, Chan-Hyung Kim, Jin Woo Chang
BACKGROUND: Recently, a new thermal lesioning approach using magnetic-resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) was introduced for the treatment of neurologic disorders. However, only 2 studies have used this approach for treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and follow-up was short-term. We investigated the efficacy and safety of bilateral thermal lesioning of the anterior limb of the internal capsule using MRgFUS in patients with treatment-refractory OCD and followed them for 2 years...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696644/validating-an-abbreviated-version-of-the-obsessive-beliefs-questionnaire
#9
Jean-Philippe Gagné, Nathaniel Van Kirk, Alexandra Hernandez-Vallant, Sriramya Potluri, Jason W Krompinger, Jordan E Cattie, Lauryn E Garner, Jesse M Crosby, Brian P Brennan, Jason A Elias
OBJECTIVES: A shorter version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) is needed to promote the use of this measure in research and increase our understanding of cognitive phenomena maintaining obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Additionally, an abbreviated version of the OBQ-44 would encourage frequent monitoring of dysfunctional beliefs in intensive care settings. This study aimed to validate a nine-item version of the questionnaire (OBQ-9). METHOD: Participants seeking intensive/residential treatment for OCD (N = 311) completed relevant measures on a weekly basis and at admission and discharge...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684711/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-activity-in-the-comorbidity-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-major-depression
#10
Javier Labad, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Cinto Segalàs, Eva Real, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Alex Ferrer, José M Crespo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Pino Alonso, José M Menchón
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis abnormalities have been described in both disorders and might play a role in the association between them. We aimed to study the role of HPA axis activity in the comorbidity between OCD and MDD, while controlling for psychopathological dimensions such as anxiety and depressive symptoms. We studied 324 participants belonging to four diagnostic groups: 1) MDD (n = 101), 2) OCD with comorbid MDD (n = 33), 3) OCD without MDD (n = 52), and 4) healthy subjects (n = 138)...
April 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679897/the-role-of-eveningness-in-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-cross-sectional-and-prospective-approaches
#11
Rebecca C Cox, Breanna Tuck, Bunmi O Olatunji
BACKGROUND: Eveningness may be defined as the tendency to be most active and alert during the evening. Previous research has linked eveningness with maladaptive psychological outcomes, and recent evidence has highlighted circadian dysregulation as a novel factor in psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, limited research has examined the unique relationship between eveningness and OC symptoms. Two studies were conducted to thoroughly examine the links between eveningness and OC symptoms, while also considering the role of depression symptoms and sleep-related factors...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659102/initial-severity-and-antidepressant-efficacy-for-anxiety-disorders-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#12
Ymkje Anna de Vries, Annelieke M Roest, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that antidepressant benefits are smaller for mild than severe depression. Because antidepressants are also used for anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we examined the influence of severity for these disorders. METHODS: We used individual patient data of eight trials (3,430 participants) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); four trials (1,195 participants) for social anxiety disorder (SAD); four trials (1,132 participants) for OCD; three trials (1,071 participants) for PTSD; and 10 trials (2,151 participants) for panic disorder (PD)...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627704/bipolar-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-comorbidity-does-not-further-impair-the-neurocognitive-profile
#13
Renato de Filippis, Matteo Aloi, Antonella Bruni, Raffaele Gaetano, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been widely described. Several studies have investigated the cognitive profiles of BD and OCD patients, but studies that compare BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients in neuropsychological domains do not exist. The purpose of this study was to compare set-shifting, decision making, and central coherence among BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients. METHODS: A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to 68 patients (22 BD, 26 BD-OCD, 20 OCD)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607292/response-inhibition-and-error-monitoring-processes-in-individuals-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Gregory S Berlin, Han-Joo Lee
Response inhibition (RI) has been putatively linked to the symptoms of OCD. Despite the enticing link between RI and OCD, there are points in the relationship that require clarification. We examined the RI-OCD relationship taking into account a) the potentially differential pattern of RI-OCD relationship between obsessions and compulsions, and b) the potentially confounding effect of negative affect, particularly in regards to depression. Additionally, we investigated how error-monitoring processes in the inhibitory context account for OCD symptoms...
January 2018: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575447/relations-of-mindfulness-facets-with-psychological-symptoms-among-individuals-with-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-major-depressive-disorder-or-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Fabrizio Didonna, Roberta Rossi, Clarissa Ferrari, Luca Iani, Laura Pedrini, Nicoletta Rossi, Erica Xodo, Mariangela Lanfredi
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in mindfulness facets among patients with a diagnosis of either obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or borderline personality disorder (BPD), and healthy controls (HC), and their associations with clinical features. DESIGN AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty-three patients and 50 HC underwent a clinical assessment including measures of mindfulness (Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - FFMQ), psychopathological symptoms (Symptom Check List-90-R), dissociation (Dissociative Experience Scale), alexithymia (Alexithymia Scale 20), and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II)...
March 25, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561730/improved-serotonergic-neurotransmission-by-genistein-pretreatment-regulates-symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#16
Pradeep Phadnis, Purnima Dey Sarkar, Mithun Singh Rajput
BACKGROUND: Initial evidences have shown that diabetes mellitus occurs concomitantly with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptomatology. Serotonergic psychiatric therapy posits that serotonin is a central character in the management of OCD. Hence, it is worth investigating novel chemical entities affecting the serotonergic system for targeting OCD. An isoflavonoid phytoestrogen, genistein, has been recognized as of great pharmacological value especially for protecting neurodegeneration, depression (serotonin regulation), and diabetes...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540547/kainate-receptors-inhibit-glutamate-release-via-mobilization-of-endocannabinoids-in-striatal-direct-pathway-spiny-projection-neurons
#17
John J Marshall, Jian Xu, Anis Contractor
Kainate receptors are members of the glutamate receptor family that function by both generating ionotropic currents through an integral ion channel pore and coupling to downstream metabotropic signaling pathways. They are highly expressed in the striatum, yet their roles in regulating striatal synapses are not known. Using mice of both sexes, we demonstrate that GluK2-containing kainate receptors expressed in direct pathway spiny projection neurons (dSPNs) inhibit glutamate release at corticostriatal synapses in the dorsolateral striatum...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534691/a-case-report-of-schizoaffective-disorder-with-ritualistic-behaviors-and-catatonic-stupor-successful-treatment-by-risperidone-and-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#18
Yuanhan Bai, Xi Yang, Zhiqiang Zeng, Haichen Yang
BACKGROUND: Ritualistic behaviors are common in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), while catatonic stupor occasionally occurs in psychotic or mood disorders. Schizoaffective disorder is a specific mental disorder involving both psychotic and affective symptoms. The syndrome usually represents a specific diagnosis, as in the case of the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) or the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502315/a-solid-majority-remit-following-evidence-based-ocd-treatments-a-3-year-naturalistic-outcome-study-in-pediatric-ocd
#19
Karin Melin, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Ingela Skärsäter, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Tord Ivarsson
This study reports follow-up 2 and 3 years after the initial assessment of a sample of youth with a primary diagnosis of OCD. Participants were 109 children and adolescents, aged 5-17 years, recruited from a specialized, outpatient OCD clinic in Sweden. Patients were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), augmented when indicated by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). In cases where SSRIs were insufficient, augmentation with a second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) was applied. Participants were assessed with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS), Children's OCD Impact Scale (COIS), and Children's Depressive Inventory (CDI) at follow-ups 2 and 3 years after baseline assessment...
March 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495298/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jérôme Brunelin, Marine Mondino, Rémy Bation, Ulrich Palm, Mohamed Saoud, Emmanuel Poulet
Despite the advances in psychopharmacology and established psychotherapeutic interventions, more than 40% of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) do not respond to conventional treatment approaches. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been recently proposed as a therapeutic tool to alleviate treatment-resistant symptoms in patients with OCD. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art and future clinical applications of tDCS in patients with OCD...
February 24, 2018: Brain Sciences
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