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Rupture of small intestine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676346/formal-saline-versus-honey-as-escharotic-in-the-conservative-management-of-major-omphaloceles
#1
Christopher O Bode, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Olumide A Elebute
Background: The use of honey as an escharotic agent in the conservative management of omphalocele major has not been widely explored in spite of its proven benefits in chronic wound management. We explored the use of local honey as an escharotic agent by comparing its use with 2.5% formal saline in the conservative management of major omphaloceles at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: From January 2006 to December 2009, 43 consecutive newborns with intact omphalocele major were alternately assigned into either Honey (H) or formal saline (FS) group...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595967/microgel-in-microgel-biopolymer-delivery-systems-controlled-digestion-of-encapsulated-lipid-droplets-under-simulated-gastrointestinal-conditions
#2
Da Ma, Zongcai Tu, Hui Wang, Zipei Zhang, David Julian McClements
Structural design principles are increasingly being used to develop colloidal delivery systems for bioactive agents. In this study, oil droplets were encapsulated within microgel-in-microgel systems. Initially, a nanoemulsion was formed that contained small whey protein-coated oil droplets (d43 = 211 nm). These oil droplets were then loaded into either carrageenan-in-alginate (O/MC/MA) or alginate-in-carrageenan (O/MA/MC) microgels. A vibrating nozzle encapsulation unit was used to form the smaller inner microgels (d43 =170-324 m), while a hand-held syringe was used to form the larger outer microgels (d43 =2200-3400 m)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581679/balloon-inflated-catheters-for-enteral-feeding-a-word-of-caution
#3
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Anand Narayan Singh, Ragini Kilambi
Catheters with inflatable balloons such as a Foley catheter may be used for feeding gastrostomy/jejunostomy. The incorrect or improper use of these catheters can have serious consequences. We report 13 cases of feeding jejunostomy with balloon-inflated catheter's malfunction, some referred to our centre and others operated here over a period of 8 years. The most dramatic consequence of such improper use led to rupture of the small intestine due to inadvertent over-inflation (over 100 ml) of the balloon of the catheter during a contrast study...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532775/effect-of-different-doses-of-radiation-on-intestinal-injury-in-nod-scid-mice
#4
Bin Du, Jie Yuan, Zhao-Qi Ren, Yuan An, Feng Jiang, Jun Li, Chao Yang
Objective To study the effect of different doses of radiation on intestinal injury,with an attempt to find the optimal radiation dose for establishing intestinal injury models in NOD/SCID mice. Methods Forty healthy male SPF-grade NOD/SCID mice were divided randomly into four groups:blank control group and 4-,5-,6-Gy irradiatio groups,with 10 mice in each group. The irradiation rate was 1 Gy/min. The general conditions,body weight,intestinal bacterial translocation,and histopathologic changes were observed and compared...
February 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524354/features-and-treatment-of-peritoneal-metastases-from-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas
#5
Jianhui Wu, Xiuyun Tian, Bonan Liu, Chengpeng Li, Chunyi Hao
BACKGROUND Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) of the pancreas may present widespread peritoneal metastases, but the treatment of this malignancy has not been well described and requires further investigation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Four cases of SPN with significant peritoneal metastases in our department were operated and retrospectively summarized after long-term follow-up. Eight more cases of peritoneal metastatic SPN from the PubMed database were also included in the analysis. RESULTS Peritoneal metastases of SPNs have different gross features...
March 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441371/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-of-the-esophagus-current-issues-of-diagnosis-surgery-and-drug-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Jun Hihara, Hidenori Mukaida, Naoki Hirabayashi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) often arise in the stomach and small intestine, while esophageal GISTs are rare. Due to their rarity, clinicopathological data on esophageal GISTs are extremely limited, and this results in a lack of clear recommendations concerning optimal surgical management for esophageal GISTs. It is difficult to distinguish esophageal GIST from leiomyoma, the most frequent esophageal mesenchymal tumor, prior to resection, because the two types of tumors appear similar on computed tomography (CT), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)...
2018: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372693/small-bowel-transanal-evisceration-mimicking-a-rectal-prolapse-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Giuseppe Pisano, Enrico Erdas, Fabio Medas, Umberto Pisano, Pietro Giorgio Calò
Transanal intestinal evisceration is a very uncommon and dramatic occurrence, linked most frequently to rectal prolapse rupture or, very rarely, to traumatic pathology. The Authors describe a case of a 74-year-old female patient who required urgent hospital admission because of a seemingly strangulated rectal prolapse. During surgical preparation the protruding mass was recognized as small bowel loops herniating from the anus. Evisceration was due to spontaneous rectal wall rupture, most likely caused by increased abdominal pressure and consequent breach through the weakened rectum...
November 20, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341147/genotype-and-risk-of-tumour-rupture-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#8
K Boye, J-M Berner, I Hompland, Ø S Bruland, S Stoldt, K Sundby Hall, B Bjerkehagen, T Hølmebakk
BACKGROUND: Tumour rupture is a strong predictor of poor outcome in gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) of the stomach and small intestine. The objective was to determine whether tumour genotype was associated with risk of rupture. METHODS: Rupture was classified according to the definition proposed by the Oslo Sarcoma Group. Since January 2000, data were registered retrospectively for all patients at Oslo University Hospital undergoing surgery for localized GIST of the stomach or small intestine...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677408/delayed-sigmoid-ischemic-rupture-following-open-repair-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#9
Thomas Kotsis, Panagitsa Christoforou, Nikolaos Asaloumidis, Ioannis Papaconstantinou
Colon ischemia following aortic reconstruction is a severe complication with an incidence of 1% to 2% of the operated patients; this infrequent complication will be lethal for nearly half of these patients. Commonly, colon ischemia may be an intraoperative observation or an early postoperative finding. However, in the case presented here, sigmoid rupture and small and large intestine communication was revealed 3 months following repair of the abdominal aorta. A 71-year-old man, following open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, went home on the fifth postoperative day...
August 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616611/technical-success-and-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-an-experience-of-three-centers
#10
Mark Igorevich Gluzman, Victor Anatolevich Kashchenko, Aleksei Mikhailovich Karachun, Rashida Vakhidovna Orlova, Iakov Aleksandrovich Nakatis, Iurii Vasilevich Pelipas, Evgenia Leonidovna Vasiukova, Ivan Vladimirovich Rykov, Veronika Vladimirovna Petrova, Svetlana Leonidovna Nepomniashchaia, Anton Sergeevich Klimov
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) comprise about 80% of gastrointestinal sarcomas. In patients with localized disease, surgery is considered as "Gold Standard" treatment. Organ-sparing radical en-block resection is widely accepted practice. Since lymph node dissection is not routinely indicated, minimally invasive approach is of particular interest. The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcomes of different surgical treatment of GISTs. METHODS: We analyzed data of 116 patients who received surgical treatment for localized forms of GIST...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549261/small-spontaneously-ruptured-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-the-small-intestine-causing-hemoperitoneum-a-case-report
#11
Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Keisuke Inoue, Kotaro Kitani, Hajime Ishikawa, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are clinically asymptomatic until they reach a significant size; therefore, GISTs that are 2cm or less are typically asymptomatic. Patients with symptomatic GISTs typically present with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, or a palpable mass but rarely present with hemoperitoneum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 72-year-old Japanese man presented to us with acute onset abdominal pain. Physical examination showed peritoneal irritation in the lower abdomen...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545345/systemic-necrotizing-polyarteritis-in-three-weaned-lambs-from-one-flock
#12
Mark Wessels, Ben Strugnell, Nick Woodger, Martin Peat, Severina Anna La Rocca, Akbar Dastjerdi
Systemic necrotizing polyarteritis was diagnosed in three 7-11-mo-old lambs from the same flock. Aneurysmal dilation and rupture of the gastroduodenal artery in 1 lamb resulted in fatal hemorrhage. All lambs had severe necrotizing vasculitis involving the small intestine, abomasum, mesentery, kidney, and heart with concurrent lymphocytic enteritis. Immunohistochemistry for T- and B-lymphocytes and macrophages found a T-cell- and macrophage-dominant transmural vascular infiltrate and T-cell-associated enteritis...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482758/lesions-caused-by-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-farmed-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-and-i-punctatus-%C3%A3-i-furcatus-in-mississippi
#13
Wes A Baumgartner, Lorelei Ford, Larry Hanson
In 2009, a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila caused severe disease and high mortalities (motile aeromonad septicemia variant [MASv]) in farmed channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus) and hybrid catfish ( I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in eastern Mississippi and Alabama. As is common in MAS, there is severe hemorrhagic dermatitis with ulceration, as well as abdominal hyperemia, petechiation, and mild ascites. Additional findings in MASv cases include panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis, leading to ocular rupture, and brains are often hyperemic with mild random acute hemorrhage...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378698/-a-woman-with-severe-abdominal-pain-and-endometriosis-in-the-past
#14
T C Schuurs, E M Vandewalle, C Dickhoff
A 44-year-old woman came to the emergency department with severe pain in the right upper abdomen. Her medical history mentioned a low anterior resection 8 years ago because of severe endometriosis. The CT scan showed a ruptured right hemidiaphragm with herniation of the small intestine.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321064/solitary-variceal-rupture-in-the-small-intestine
#15
Yukinobu Watanabe, Masahiro Ogawa, Kaori Hayashi, Mariko Kumagawa, Kentaro Takayasu, Midori Hirayama, Takao Miura, Katsuhiko Shiozawa, Naoki Matsumoto, Hiroshi Nakagawara, Toshiki Yamamoto, Mitsuhiko Moriyama, Akihiro Hemmi
A 70-year-old man was referred to our hospital to undergo treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma. In hospital, he complained of hematochezia and a laboratory analysis revealed a decreased level of hemoglobin. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a tumor in the small intestine, with slow enhancement of the dorsal region. Double-balloon enteroscopy revealed a submucosal tumor with a depression in the jejunum. Partial enterectomy was performed and a pathological examination demonstrated the presence of a solitary varix...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168199/safety-and-efficacy-of-small-bowel-examination-by-capsule-endoscopy-for-patients-before-liver-transplantation
#16
Kawano Seiji, Takaki Akinobu, Iwamuro Masaya, Yasunaka Tetsuya, Kono Yoshiyasu, Miura Kou, Inokuchi Toshihiro, Kawahara Yoshiro, Umeda Yuzo, Yagi Takahito, Okada Hiroyuki
Background and Aims. Gastrointestinal surveillance is a requirement prior to liver transplantation (LT), but small intestine examination is not generally undertaken. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of capsule endoscopy (CE) for patients with end-stage liver disease. Methods. 31 patients who needed LT were enrolled, and 139 patients who underwent CE over the same period of time acted as controls. Results. Frequency of successful achievement of evaluation of the full length of the small bowel, the mean gastric transit time, and the mean small bowel transit time were not significantly different between the two groups...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610288/primary-hydatid-cyst-of-the-small-intestine-a-rare-case-report-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#17
Suleyman Caglar Ertekin, Tolga Ozmen
Hydatid disease is an endemic disease especially in underdeveloped and developing countries affecting mostly the liver and lungs. The hydatid cysts located in other sites are mostly due to rupture of primary liver or splenic cysts. We present a primary small intestine hydatid cyst resected laparoscopically with the affected intestinal segment. As far as we know, this is the first report of a primary small intestine hydatid disease in the literature.
July 28, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499279/spontaneous-bladder-rupture-in-non-augmented-bladder-exstrophy
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sarah Giutronich, Aurélien Scalabre, Thomas Blanc, Peter Borzi, Yves Aigrain, Mike O'Brien, Pierre D E Mouriquand, Yves Heloury
OBJECTIVE: Bladder perforation is not commonly described in bladder exstrophy patients without bladder augmentation. The goal of this study was to identify the risk factors of spontaneous perforation in non-augmented exstrophy bladders. METHODS: The study was a retrospective multi-institutional review of bladder perforation in seven male and two female patients with classic bladder exstrophy-epispadias (E-E). RESULTS: Correction of E-E was performed using Kelly repair in two and staged repair in seven (Table)...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326892/the-cotyledon-cell-wall-and-intracellular-matrix-are-factors-that-limit-iron-bioavailability-of-the-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris
#19
Raymond P Glahn, Elad Tako, Karen Cichy, Jason Wiesinger
Strategies that enhance the Fe bioavailability of the bean are of keen interest to nutritionists, bean breeders and growers. In beans, the cotyledons contain 75-80% of the total seed Fe, most of which appears to be located within the cotyledon cells. The cotyledon cell walls are known to be resistant to digestion in the stomach and the upper small intestine. Therefore, given the above and the general belief that the primary site for human Fe absorption is the upper small intestine, the present study was designed to determine if the cotyledon cell walls represent a barrier to Fe absorption from the bean...
July 13, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239790/report-of-a-case-with-a-spontaneous-mesenteric-hematoma-that-ruptured-into-the-small-intestine
#20
Daichi Shikata, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Atsushi Takano, Takahiro Nakagomi, Hideki Watanabe, Masahiro Maruyama, Haruka Nakada, Atsushi Yamamoto, Kazushige Furuya, Masao Hada, Yoshiaki Miyasaka, Masao Omata, Toshio Oyama
INTRODUCTION: A spontaneous mesenteric hematoma is a rare condition. Furthermore, it is extremely rare that the mesenteric hematoma caused gastrointestinal bleeding with an unknown etiology. We experienced a case with a spontaneous mesenteric hematoma that ruptured into the jejunum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 75-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of anal bleeding and anemia. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a low density mass measuring 3.0cm in diameter, including an enhanced spot...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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