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Florence-Damilola Odufalu, Katherine Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
V Nobili, S Cucchiara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Halis Kaan Akturk, Todd B Nippoldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Paola Portillo-Sanchez, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Juan P Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Avash Das, Abhishek Maiti, Shirshendu Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Kelly B Kamm, Jelena Vujcic, Sharifa Nasreen, Stephen P Luby, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Pavani K Ram
OBJECTIVE: Promoting handwashing with soap to mothers of young children can significantly reduce diarrhoea and pneumonia morbidity among children, but studies that measured long-term behaviour after interventions rarely found improvements in handwashing habits. Expecting mothers may experience emotional and social changes that create a unique environment that may encourage adoption of improved handwashing habits. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to an intensive handwashing intervention in the perinatal period (perinatal arm) was associated with improved maternal handwashing behaviour vs...
September 19, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
David S Raymer, David L Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Andrea K Borondy Kitts, Andrea B McKee, Shawn M Regis, Christoph Wald, Sebastian Flacke, Brady J McKee
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer screening may provide a "teachable moment" for promoting smoking cessation. This study assessed smoking cessation and relapse rates among individuals undergoing follow-up low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) in a clinical CT lung screening program and assessed the influence of initial screening results on smoking behavior. METHODS: Self-reported smoking status for individuals enrolled in a clinical CT lung screening program undergoing a follow-up CT lung screening exam between 1st February, 2014 and 31st March, 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and compared to self-reported smoking status using a standardized questionnaire at program entry...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Pauline Filippou, Anobel Odisho, Krishna Ramaswamy, Manint Usawachintachit, Weiguo Hu, Jianxing Li, Thomas Chi
INTRODUCTION: To assess the effect of a hands-on ultrasound training session to teach urologic trainees ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) urology residentes completed a time trial, placing a needle into a phantom model target under ultrasound guidance. Participants were randomized into three educational exposure groups: Group 1's time trial occurred prior to any teaching intervention, group 2's after experiencing a hands-on training module, and group 3's after exposure to both the training module and one-on-one attending feedback...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Jane Ogden, Juliet Arulgnanaseelan
OBJECTIVE: As weight loss in primary care remains minimal, Health Professionals are advised to medically manage obesity-related risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. This experimental study evaluated the impact of medically managing risk factors on obese patients' motivation to change their behaviour. METHODS: A vignette study with two arms: successful medical management (ie risk factors have improved) vs failed medical management (ie no change) set in three General Practices in the South of England...
August 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Lawrence Lo, Glenn Regehr
: Phenomenon: Throughout clerkship, preceptors ask medical students questions for both assessment and teaching purposes. However, the cognitive and strategic aspects of students' approaches to managing this situation have not been explored. Without an understanding of how students approach the question and answer activity, medical educators are unable to appreciate how effectively this activity fulfills their purposes of assessment or determine the activity's associated educational effects...
August 19, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Catherine Loveland-Jones, Lucas Ferrer, Scott Charles, Frederick Ramsey, Andrea van Zandt, Jill Volgraf, Thomas Santora, Abhijit Pathak, Jay Dujon, Lars Sjoholm, Joseph Rappold, Amy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: From 2002 to 2011, there were more than 17,000 shootings in Philadelphia. "Turning Point," Temple University Hospital's inpatient violence intervention program, takes advantage of the teachable moment that occurs after violent injury. In addition to receiving traditional social work services, Turning Point patients watch their trauma bay resuscitation video and a movie about violence, meet with a gunshot wound survivor and an outpatient case manager, and also undergo psychiatric assessment...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
N John Yousif, Hani S Matloub, James R Sanger
BACKGROUND: The shape of the deep cervical structures is the shape of an aesthetic neck. With age, changes can obstruct visualization of that shape. Achieving a youthful contour requires removal of excess skin and fat but also control of the platysma to allow skin to re-drape like a blanket over an underlying framework. Our technique makes the platysma part of the deep cervical structures whose shape underlies an attractive neck and allows the skin to re-drape to that contour. METHODS: To make the platysma conform closely to the deep cervical structures and allow the skin to show that new form, we developed a procedure that includes removal of excess fat, attaching the platysma to the hyoid fascia, approximating the edges of the platysma above and below that suture, and wide undermining of skin to allow re-draping over the re-defined deep structures...
August 15, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
(no author information available yet)
'Organisations that value nurses' informal learning through teachable moments are also likely to encourage patients and families to become self-regulated learners who are in charge of their healthcare journeys'.
August 17, 2016: Nursing Standard
Shayan Nabavi Nouri, Brian L Block
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Sarah Dinsdale, Kay Branch, Lindsay Cook, Janet Shucksmith
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with risks to mother and infant, and has implications for healthcare costs. United Kingdom (UK) levels of maternal obesity are rising, with higher prevalence in North East (NE) England, where this study was set. Pregnancy is often seen as an opportune time for intervention - a 'teachable moment' - which is ripe for promoting behaviour change. In response to rising obesity levels, a National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust in NE England implemented three maternal obesity care pathways contingent on Body Mass Index (BMI) at time of booking: pathway 1 for those with BMI ≥30 kg/m(2); pathway 2 for BMI ≥35 kg/m(2); and pathway 3 for BMI ≥40 kg/m(2)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Luz Huntington-Moskos, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda Wiggins, Ellen J Hahn
OBJECTIVE: This study determined whether having minor children in the home was associated with the teachable moment (TM) constructs of lung cancer worry, perceived risk, health-related self-concept, and the novel construct of synergistic risk. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Secondary data analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce home exposure to radon and secondhand smoke (SHS). Quota sample of adults recruited at a Central Kentucky academic medical center (N = 556)...
July 22, 2016: Public Health Nursing
M A Liss, J M Schenk, A V Faino, L F Newcomb, H Boyer, J D Brooks, P R Carroll, A Dash, M D Fabrizio, M E Gleave, P S Nelson, M L Neuhouser, J T Wei, Y Zheng, J L Wright, D W Lin, I M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for incident prostate cancer (PC) as well as risk of disease progression and mortality. We hypothesized that men diagnosed with lower-risk PC and who elected active surveillance (AS) for their cancer management would likely initiate lifestyle changes that lead to weight loss. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in the Prostate Active Surveillance Study (PASS), a multicenter prospective biomarker discovery and validation study of men who have chosen AS for their PC...
July 19, 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Jennifer Gass, Beth Dupree, Sandhya Pruthi, Diane Radford, Irene Wapnir, Reza Antoszewska, Audrey Curtis, Nathalie Johnson
Survivorship medicine is fairly new in the realm of oncology. As we broaden our focus from treatment and prevention to include survivorship there is substantial opportunity to enhance the care of the patient. Important in successful management of recovery after cancer treatment is managing the side effects of therapy and improving quality of life. This ranges from sexual dysfunction, depression to lymphedema. Guideline-based surveillance after treatment with clear communication of care plans to the patient and their providers, especially primary care, is paramount...
October 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Patrick D Tyler, Marc R Larochelle, John N Mafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
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