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Seef Saadi Fiyadh, Mohammed Abdulhakim AlSaadi, Mohamed Khalid AlOmar, Sabah Saadi Fayaed, Ako R Hama, Sharifah Bee, Ahmed El-Shafie
The main challenge in the lead removal simulation is the behaviour of non-linearity relationships between the process parameters. The conventional modelling technique usually deals with this problem by a linear method. The substitute modelling technique is an artificial neural network (ANN) system, and it is selected to reflect the non-linearity in the interaction among the variables in the function. Herein, synthesized deep eutectic solvents were used as a functionalized agent with carbon nanotubes as adsorbents of Pb(2+)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Seerwan Hama Shareef, Tahir A Hawrami, Abdulwahid M Salih, Fahmi H Kakamad, Hawbash M Rahim, Hunar A Hassan, Dahat A Hussein
INTRODUCTION: Pilonidal sinus (PNS) is an inflammatory condition caused by hair penetration into the epidermis. It occurs usually in sacro-coccygeal area. Intermammary pilonidal sinus is a very rare variant with a few case reports in literature. The aim of this study is to highlight the presentation and management of intermammary pilonidal sinus. METHOD: A retrospective multicenter case series. Including all cases of intermammary PNS admitted to either of 5 major tertiary hospitals in Kurdistan region of Iraq...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Angelo Labate, Roberta Vasta, Antonio Cerasa, Giuseppe Borzì, Pasquale De Fazio, Antonio Gambardella
Depression symptoms have often reported in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), although the underlying psychopathological symptomatology has been poorly understood. Our aim was to compare constellations of psychological and behavioral disturbance in PNES with respect to patients with mild-major depressive disorder (MDD), hypothesizing that the construct of depression might be different in the two groups. Ten patients with PNES and ten sex-/age-matched patients with mild-MDD newly-diagnosed, were enrolled in this study...
October 29, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Irfan Zaidi, Hama Diallo, Solomon Conteh, Yvette Robbins, Jacqueline Kolasny, Sachy Orr-Gonzalez, Dariyen Carter, Brandi Butler, Lynn Lambert, Elizabeth Brickley, Robert Morrison, Mahamadou Sissoko, Sara A Healy, B Kim Lee Sim, Ogobara K Doumbo, Stephen L Hoffman, Patrick E Duffy
Whole-sporozoite vaccines confer sterilizing immunity to malaria-naive individuals by unknown mechanisms. In the first PfSPZ Vaccine trial ever in a malaria-endemic population, Vδ2 γδ T cells were significantly elevated and Vγ9/Vδ2 transcripts ranked as the most upregulated in vaccinees who were protected from Plasmodium falciparum infection. In a mouse model, absence of γδ T cells during vaccination impaired protective CD8 T cell responses and ablated sterile protection. γδ T cells were not required for circumsporozoite protein-specific Ab responses, and γδ T cell depletion before infectious challenge did not ablate protection...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Dan Pu, Jing Luo, Yanhua Wang, Bomiao Ju, Xiaohong Lv, Ping Fan, Lan He
Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with depression in the general population. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of depression and anxiety in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients from Northwestern China and identify associations of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) scores with serum vitamin D level in these patients. We recruited 161 RA patients inform the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University during Nov. 2016 to Feb. 2017. All patients completed a survey including HAMD and HAMA scales...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Xiao-Min Xu, Mei-Xue Dong, Xia Feng, Yang Liu, Jun-Xi Pan, Shi-Yu Jia, Du Cao, You-Dong Wei
Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive and age-related neurodegenerative condition, is a common neurodegenerative disorder. However, no validated biomarkers for PD have been identified to date. Accumulating evidence supports the role of proNGF-p75NTR-sortilin signaling in the neurodegeneration and pathogenesis of PD. The aim of our study was to investigate alterations in serum proNGF concentrations in PD patients and related anxiety. Seventy-seven consecutive PD patients and 39 healthy controls were enrolled, and clinical data were collected...
October 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
Xiaoli Li, Jingjing Li, Yanxia Shi, Ting Wang, Aling Zhang, Na Shao, Zhenghui Wang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of psychological intervention on the life quality of patients with laryngeal cancer. METHODS: Two hundred and ten patients with laryngeal cancer were randomly assigned to the study group receiving psychological intervention and control group receiving routine nursing care. The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and the Europe Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) were used to evaluate life quality...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Shusuke Yagi, Yukina Hirata, Takayuki Ise, Kenya Kusunose, Hirotsugu Yamada, Daiju Fukuda, Hotimah Masdan Salim, Gulinu Maimaituxun, Susumu Nishio, Yuriko Takagawa, Saori Hama, Tomomi Matsuura, Koji Yamaguchi, Takeshi Tobiume, Takeshi Soeki, Tetsuzo Wakatsuki, Ken-Ichi Aihara, Masashi Akaike, Michio Shimabukuro, Masataka Sata
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether canagliflozin, a selective sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, reduces epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness, which is associated with insulin resistance and is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We administered 100 mg of canagliflozin for 6 months to 13 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We evaluated glycemic control, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area, and skeletal muscle mass by using impedance methods, and EAT thickness by using echocardiography...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Yan Yu, Lijuan Hu, Xingu Chen, Mei Ge, Huijuan Zhu, Yusheng Yan
BACKGROUND: We investigated the application of a predictive nursing education process on the degree of comfort and quality of life for cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 168-cancer patient in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China between June 2014 and June 2016 were enrolled and admitted for surgery or radiotherapy/chemotherapy treatment. Patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups, each containing 84 cases...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Gentaro Taga, Hama Watanabe, Fumitaka Homae
Spontaneous low-frequency oscillatory changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) are observed using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). A previous study showed that the time-averaged phase difference between oxy-Hb and deoxy-Hb changes, referred to as hemoglobin phase of oxygenation and deoxygenation (hPod), is sensitive to the development of the cortex. We examined phase-locking index of hPod, referred to as [Formula: see text], in addition to hPod, in neonates and 3- and 6-month-old infants using the 94-channel fNIRS data, which covered large lateral regions of the cortex...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
Shogo Tachibana, Akira Kouchi, Tetsuya Hama, Yasuhiro Oba, Laurette Piani, Iyo Sugawara, Yukiko Endo, Hiroshi Hidaka, Yuki Kimura, Ken-Ichiro Murata, Hisayoshi Yurimoto, Naoki Watanabe
Interstellar ice is believed to be a cradle of complex organic compounds, commonly found within icy comets and interstellar clouds, in association with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and subsequent warming. We found that UV-irradiated amorphous ices composed of H2O, CH3OH, and NH3 and of pure H2O behave like liquids over the temperature ranges of 65 to 150 kelvin and 50 to 140 kelvin, respectively. This low-viscosity liquid-like ice may enhance the formation of organic compounds including prebiotic molecules and the accretion of icy dust to form icy planetesimals under certain interstellar conditions...
September 2017: Science Advances
Yuka Hama, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Hirofumi Komaki, Shigeaki Suzuki, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Ichizo Nishino, Yuji Takahashi
A 24-year-old woman visited our hospital with a complaint of walking disability. She had no family history of consanguineous marriage, and her developmental history was unremarkable, with good physical performance just before the onset. At the age of 13, she developed difficulty in walking and visited a pediatrician. Her serum CK level was 10,000 IU/l and she was diagnosed with muscular dystrophy by muscle biopsy. At the age of 16, she became wheelchair dependent and was admitted to our hospital. Physical examination revealed diffuse muscle atrophy and proximal weakness, with no calf hypertrophy or selectivity of muscle involvement...
October 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Kosar Hikmat Hama Aziz, Hans Miessner, Siegfried Mueller, Ali Mahyar, Dieter Kalass, Detlev Moeller, Ibrahim Khorshid, Muhammad Amin M Rashid
Ozonation and advanced oxidation processes based on photocatalysis (P.C.) and non-thermal plasma generated in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in different gas atmospheres were compared for the degradation and mineralization of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) in aqueous solutions, using a planar falling film reactor with comparable design. The energetic yields (G50) as measure of the efficiencies of the different methods are for 2,4-D in the order DBD/Ar-Fenton>ozonation>DBD/Ar>P...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Pete Kavsak, Chantele Roy, Paul Malinowski, Ching-Tong Mark, Terry Scott, Lorna Clark, Shana Lamers, Craig Ainsworth
BACKGROUND: Analytical comparisons between different high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays are important for reassurance of results performed with different methodologies and to identify potential interferences or confounders to result interpretation. Our objective in the present study was to compare Beckman Coulter's latest hs-cTnI assay to Abbott's hs-cTnI assay and to assess agreement between results. METHODS: Two hundred EDTA plasma samples that had clinically reported hs-cTnI results from the Abbott ARCHITECTi2000 that spanned the analytical range were stored (median=4h), re-centrifuged and retested for hs-cTnI on the Abbott ARCHITECTi1000 and Beckman Coulter Access2 analyzers...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Sarchil Hama Qader, Jadunandan Dash, Peter M Atkinson
Crop production and yield estimation using remotely sensed data have been studied widely, but such information is generally scarce in arid and semi-arid regions. In these regions, inter-annual variation in climatic factors (such as rainfall) combined with anthropogenic factors (such as civil war) pose major risks to food security. Thus, an operational crop production estimation and forecasting system is required to help decision-makers to make early estimates of potential food availability. Data from NASA's MODIS with official crop statistics were combined to develop an empirical regression-based model to forecast winter wheat and barley production in Iraq...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Taiichi Saito, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Seiji Hama, Fumiyuki Yamasaki, Takeshi Takayasu, Ryo Nosaka, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Takakazu Kawamata, Kaoru Kurisu
Standard treatment for patients with primary glioblastoma (GBM) includes surgery, radiotherapy, and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Recent reports have demonstrated that TMZ-induced myelosuppression correlates with survival in patients with GBM. However, those results were evaluated before the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization classification. This study examined whether myelosuppression during concomitant TMZ phase correlates with prognosis in GBM, IDH-wildtype patients. We examined circulating blood cell counts in 50 patients with GBM, IDH-wildtype who received the standard treatment protocol between August 2005 and November 2015...
September 9, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
Taketsugu Hama, Koichi Nakanishi, Masashi Sato, Hironobu Mukaiyama, Hiroko Togawa, Yuko Shima, Masayasu Miyajima, Kandai Nozu, Shizuko Nagao, Hisahide Takahashi, Mayumi Sako, Kazumoto Iijima, Norishige Yoshikawa, Hiroyuki Suzuki
Cystic epithelia acquire mesenchymal-like features in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). In this phenotypic alteration, it is well known that transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/Smad3 signaling is involved, however, there is emerging new data on Smad3 phosphoisoforms: Smad3 phosphorylated at linker regions (pSmad3L) and COOH terminal regions (pSmad3C) and both (pSmad3L/C). pSmad3L/C has a pathological role in colorectal cancer. Mesenchymal phenotype-specific cell responses in TGF-β/Smad3 pathway are implicated in carcinomas...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Fang Dai, Lili Yuan, Juan Fang, Qiu Zhang, Kai Wang
The patients with Graves' thyroitoxicosis often complain that they have neuropsychiatric symptoms and impaired cognitive function. Decision making is important and complex process involving the interaction and integration of a series of cognitive components. In the 31 newly diagnosed patients with Graves' thyroitoxicosis and 30 healthy controls, we used the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) and The Game of Dice Task (GDT) to assess the emotion and decision making under risky conditions...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Y Hama, A Hosoda, Y Komagamine, S Gotoh, C Kubota, M Kanazawa, S Minakuchi
A knowledge gap regarding masticatory performance in preschool children exists, which in turn delays intervention for preventive care; therefore, a method to easily assess performance is needed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of assessing masticatory performance using colour-changeable chewing gum and to investigate masticatory performance-related factors in preschool children. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in two childcare facilities and our laboratory. First, a one-third quantity of colour-changeable chewing gum was masticated by six adults to assess the nature and progression of colour changes in this quantity...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Li-Hong Wu, Ye Cao, Wei-Qiong Wang, Li Lu, Xiao-Mei Guo
To systematically review the adjuvant effects of Zhenyuan capsule on improving the cardiac function of patients with chronic heart failure. Databases including PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang Data were searched electronically from inception to October 2016 to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about Zhenyuan capsule for adjuvant treatment of chronic heart failure. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies...
July 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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