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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648284/common-molecular-subtypes-among-asian-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-cholangiocarcinoma
#1
Jittiporn Chaisaingmongkol, Anuradha Budhu, Hien Dang, Siritida Rabibhadana, Benjarath Pupacdi, So Mee Kwon, Marshonna Forgues, Yotsawat Pomyen, Vajarabhongsa Bhudhisawasdi, Nirush Lertprasertsuke, Anon Chotirosniramit, Chawalit Pairojkul, Chirayu U Auewarakul, Thaniya Sricharunrat, Kannika Phornphutkul, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Maggie Cam, Ping He, Stephen M Hewitt, Kris Ylaya, Xiaolin Wu, Jesper B Andersen, Snorri S Thorgeirsson, Joshua J Waterfall, Yuelin J Zhu, Jennifer Walling, Holly S Stevenson, Daniel Edelman, Paul S Meltzer, Christopher A Loffredo, Natsuko Hama, Tatsuhiro Shibata, Robert H Wiltrout, Curtis C Harris, Chulabhorn Mahidol, Mathuros Ruchirawat, Xin W Wang
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are clinically disparate primary liver cancers with etiological and biological heterogeneity. We identified common molecular subtypes linked to similar prognosis among 199 Thai ICC and HCC patients through systems integration of genomics, transcriptomics, and metabolomics. While ICC and HCC share recurrently mutated genes, including TP53, ARID1A, and ARID2, mitotic checkpoint anomalies distinguish the C1 subtype with key drivers PLK1 and ECT2, whereas the C2 subtype is linked to obesity, T cell infiltration, and bile acid metabolism...
June 6, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643364/development-of-clinical-paroxysmal-nocturnal-haemoglobinuria-in-children-with-aplastic-anaemia
#2
Atsushi Narita, Hideki Muramatsu, Yusuke Okuno, Yuko Sekiya, Kyogo Suzuki, Motoharu Hamada, Shinsuke Kataoka, Daisuke Ichikawa, Rieko Taniguchi, Norihiro Murakami, Daiei Kojima, Eri Nishikawa, Nozomu Kawashima, Nobuhiro Nishio, Asahito Hama, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Seiji Kojima
The clinical significance of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) in children with aplastic anaemia (AA) remains unclear. We retrospectively studied 57 children with AA between 1992 and 2010. During the follow-up, five patients developed clinical PNH, in whom somatic PIGA mutations were detected by targeted sequencing. The 10-year probability of clinical PNH development was 10·2% (95% confidence interval, 3·6-20·7%). Furthermore, the detection of minor PNH clones by flow cytometry at AA diagnosis was a risk factor for the subsequent development of clinical PNH...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640900/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-consumption-of-soft-semi-solid-or-solid-food-among-infants-in-boucle-du-mouhoun-burkina-faso-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Jenny A Cresswell, Rasmané Ganaba, Sophie Sarrassat, Simon Cousens, Henri Somé, Abdoulaye Hama Diallo, Veronique Filippi
INTRODUCTION: Exclusive breastfeeding is among the most effective interventions for preventing child mortality. The objectives of this paper are to describe infant feeding knowledge and practices in Boucle du Mouhoun, Burkina Faso; to identify predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among infants <6 months, and consumption of soft, semi-solid or solid food among infants 6-11 months; to describe mothers' sources of information regarding breastfeeding. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey (n = 2288) of a representative sample of women aged 15-49 years with at least one live birth in past year took place during June and July 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638200/brain-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-concentration-of-the-prefrontal-lobe-in-unmedicated-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-research-of-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#4
Zongfeng Zhang, Qing Fan, Yanle Bai, Zhen Wang, Haiyin Zhang, Zeping Xiao
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a large number of neuroimaging studies found that the Cortico-Striato- Thalamo-Cortical circuit (CSTC), including the prefrontal lobe, a significant part of CSTC, has disturbance metabolically in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). AIM: Explore the correlation between the neuro-metabolic features and clinical characteristics of OCD patients using magnetic resonance spectroscopy technology. METHODS: 88 patients with OCD who were not received medication and outpatient treatment for 8 weeks and 76 health controls were enrolled, there was no significant difference in gender, age or education level between the two groups...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636652/integrative-analysis-of-genomic-alterations-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-association-with-homologous-recombination-deficiency
#5
Masahito Kawazu, Shinya Kojima, Toshihide Ueno, Yasushi Totoki, Hiromi Nakamura, Akiko Kunita, Wei Qu, Jun Yoshimura, Manabu Soda, Takahiko Yasuda, Natsuko Hama, Mihoko Saito-Adachi, Kazuhito Sato, Shinji Kohsaka, Eirin Sai, Masako Ikemura, Shigeru Yamamoto, Tomoko Ogawa, Masashi Fukayama, Keiichiro Tada, Yasuyuki Seto, Shinichi Morishita, Shoichi Hazama, Tatsuhiro Shibata, Yoshihiro Yamashita, Hiroyuki Mano
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells do not express estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Currently, apart from poly ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitors, there are few effective therapeutic options for this type of cancer. Here, we present comprehensive characterization of the genetic alterations in TNBC performed by high coverage whole genome sequencing together with transcriptome and whole exome sequencing. Silencing of the BRCA1 gene impaired the homologous recombination pathway in a subset of TNBCs, which exhibited similar phenotypes to tumors with BRCA1 mutations; they harbored many structural variations (SVs) with relative enrichment for tandem duplication...
June 21, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626097/-visceral-sensitivity-gut-barrier-function-and-autonomic-nerve-function-in-patients-with-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
Xiaojuan Xu, Liang Liu, Shukun Yao, Yanli Zhang
To evaluate visceral sensitivity, gut barrier function and autonomic nerve function (ANF) in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore their roles in IBS-D pathophysiology.
 Methods: A total of 46 IBS-D patients (IBS-D group) were selected from the Department of Gastroenterology of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from October 2015 to March 2016, and 20 healthy volunteer were served as a control group (HC group). Clinical and psychological symptoms were evaluated by questionnaire, and visceral sensitivity to rectal balloon distention, gut barrier function and autonomic nerve function (ANF) were examined...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614176/correlation-between-cytochrome-p450-2c19-genetic-polymorphism-and-treatment-response-to-escitalopram-in-panic-disorder
#7
Qianqian He, Zhuo Yuan, Yuanyuan Liu, Jian Zhang, Hong Yan, Li Shen, Xingguang Luo, Yong Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Escitalopram (S-CT) is used widely to treat patients with panic disorder (PD) and the CYP2C19 enzyme is responsible for S-CT metabolism. We hypothesized that CYP2C19 polymorphisms were associated with S-CT treatment response in Chinese patients with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with PD completed the assessment by the Panic Disorder Severity Scale - Chinese Version (PDSS-CV) and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA-14) during an 8-week period...
June 13, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609349/-novel-approach-for-maximizing-follow-up-in-cosmetic-surgery-clinical-trials-the-ideal-implant-core-trial-experience
#8
Melissa A Mueller, Larry S Nichter, Robert S Hamas
BACKGROUND-: High follow-up rates are critical for robust research with minimal bias and particularly important for breast implant Core Studies seeking FDA approval. The Core Study for IDEAL IMPLANT, the most recently FDA-approved breast implant, utilized a novel incentive payment model to achieve higher follow-up rates than in previous breast implant trials. METHODS-: At enrollment, $3,500 was deposited into an independent, irrevocable trust for each of the 502 subjects and invested in a diversified portfolio...
June 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602885/high-expression-of-glypican-1-predicts-dissemination-and-poor-prognosis-in-glioblastomas
#9
Taiichi Saito, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Seiji Hama, Fumiyuki Yamasaki, Takeshi Takayasu, Ryo Nosaka, Shumpei Onishi, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Takakazu Kawamata, Kaoru Kurisu
OBJECTIVE: Glioblastoma (GBM) relapses locally or in a disseminated pattern, and is highly resistant to chemo-radiotherapy. Although dissemination is associated with poor prognosis for GBM patients, the clinico-pathological factors that promote dissemination have not been elucidated. Glypican-1 (GPC-1) is a heparin sulfate proteoglycan that is attached to the extracytoplasmic surface of the cell membrane and regulates cell motility. The aim of this study was to determine whether GPC-1 expression correlated with GBM dissemination and patient prognosis...
June 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598121/-regional-homogeneity-changes-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorders-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#10
Min-Lan Yuan, Zheng-Jia Ren, Hong-Ru Zhu, Yan Zhang, Ya-Jing Meng, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the altered spontaneous brain activity in patients with social anxiety disorders (SAD) before and after cognitive behavior therapy (CBT),and determine the neuromechanism of formation,treatment and recovery of SAD. METHODS: Fifteen SAD patients were treated with an eight-week group CBT.The patients underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at resting state before and after the treatments.Eighteen healthy controls (HC) were recruited and underwent a baseline fMRI scan...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595219/-hybrid-coronary-revascularization-of-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-patient-with-left-main-coronary-stenosis
#11
Yujiro Kawai, Hirokazu Niitsu, Takashi Yanagisawa, Masayuki Ogihara, Gentaku Hama, Yasuyuki Toyoda, Hikaru Kimura, Miki Horigome, Yasutoshi Tsuda, Yoshikazu Yazaki, Takahiro Takemura
We report a successful case of hybrid coronary revascularization of minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting( MICS-CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). The patient was a 78-year-old man with angina pectoris due to left main trunk (LMT) lesion, and had a history of repeated PCI to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery (LCX) for angina pectoris. He presented with a chest pain on effort in June, 2015. A coronary angiogram showed a severe stenosis in the LMT extending to LAD and LCX...
June 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586699/measuring-anxiety-in-depressed-patients-a-comparison-of-the-hamilton-anxiety-rating-scale-and-the-dsm-5-anxious-distress-specifier-interview
#12
Mark Zimmerman, Jacob Martin, Heather Clark, Patrick McGonigal, Lauren Harris, Carolina Guzman Holst
DSM-5 included criteria for an anxious distress specifier for major depressive disorder (MDD). In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project we examined whether a measure of the specifier, the DSM-5 Anxious Distress Specifier Interview (DADSI), was as valid as the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) as a measure of the severity of anxiety in depressed patients. Two hundred three psychiatric patients with MDD were interviewed by trained diagnostic raters who administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) supplemented with questions to rate the DADSI, HAMA, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579485/cerebral-metabolic-change-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-anxiety-a-fdg-pet-study
#13
Xixi Wang, Jiejin Zhang, Yongsheng Yuan, Tiannv Li, Li Zhang, Jian Ding, Siming Jiang, Junyi Li, Lin Zhu, Kezhong Zhang
OBJECT: To detect the cerebral metabolic bases of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with anxiety. METHODS: Totally 28 idiopathic PD patients without depression (17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HAMD score <14) were enrolled in our study. All subjects were classified into PD with anxiety (PD-A) (n=13) and PD without anxiety (PD-NA) (n=15) by cutoff score of 11 according to Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA). Besides, age- and gender- matched healthy controls (HCs) (n=15) were selected...
June 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578321/bcmab1-ra-a-novel-immunotoxin-that-bcmab1-antibody-coupled-to-ricin-a-chain-can-eliminate-bladder-tumor
#14
Chong Li, Ruping Yan, Zhao Yang, Haifeng Wang, Ruiyun Zhang, Haige Chen, Jiansong Wang
Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignancies. However, there is no ideal therapy to cure bladder cancer so far, especially invasive carcinoma. Here, we developed a new antibody-based drug BCMab1-Ra, which was generated by conjugation of BCMab1 (a new monoclonal antibody that specifically recognized the aberrantly glycosylated Integrin a3b1 in bladder cancer) with the ricin A chain (Ra). A patient with multiple bladder cancer received intravescical administration of BCMab1-Ra treatment as a volunteer...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566638/prevention-of-uv-induced-melanin-production-by-accumulation-of-redox-nanoparticles-in-the-epidermal-layer-via-iontophoresis
#15
Kanako Shiota, Susumu Hama, Toru Yoshitomi, Yukio Nagasaki, Kentaro Kogure
UV rays induce melanin production in the skin, which, from a cosmetic point of view, is problematic. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in the skin upon UV irradiation are thought to be responsible for melanin production. Thus, effective antioxidants are recognized as useful tools for prevention of UV-induced melanin production. Redox nanoparticles (RNPs) containing nitroxide radicals as free radical scavengers were previously developed, and shown to be effective ROS scavengers in the body. RNPs are therefore expected to be useful for effective protection against UV-induced melanin production...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553362/modified-suanzaorentang-had-the-treatment-effect-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-for-the-first-4-weeks-of-paroxetine-medication-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Ming-Fen Song, Lin-Lin Hu, Wen-Juan Liu, Yi Liu, Xiao-Yun Tao, Ting-Ting Wang, Sheng-Dong Wang, Long Zhang, Yong-Hua Zhang
Background. Paroxetine does not show satisfactory therapeutic effect for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) patients for the first 2-4 weeks of medication. Diazepam is always concurrently used although it has some shortcomings such as physical dependence and withdrawal reactions. In this study, we aimed to identify whether modified Suanzaorentang (MSZRT), a combined Chinese formula including Suanzaorentang (SZRT) and Zhizichitang (ZZCT), could control the anxiety of GAD for the first 4 weeks of paroxetine medication...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552340/long-term-follow-up-of-bilateral-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-refractory-tardive-dystonia
#17
Zheng-Dao Deng, Dian-You Li, Chen-Cheng Zhang, Yi-Xin Pan, Jin Zhang, Haiyan Jin, Kristina Zeljec, Shi-Kun Zhan, Bo-Min Sun
BACKGROUND: No effective treatment for tardive dystonia (TD) has been well established. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) can ameliorate motor manifestations in primary dystonia, and may also be an effective approach for TD. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to illuminate the long-term efficacy and safety of subthalamic nucleus (STN)-DBS in treating TD. METHODS: Ten patients with refractory TD underwent STN-DBS therapy and were assessed by the Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale (BFMDRS), Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) at four time points: pre-operation, 1 week post-operation, 6 months post-operation, and at a final long-term postsurgical follow-up time point...
May 19, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545165/highly-recurrent-h3f3a-mutations-with-additional-epigenetic-regulator-alterations-in-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone
#18
Koichi Ogura, Fumie Hosoda, Hiromi Nakamura, Natsuko Hama, Yasushi Totoki, Akihiko Yoshida, Shoko Ohashi, Hirofumi Rokutan, Erina Takai, Shinichi Yachida, Akira Kawai, Sakae Tanaka, Tatsuhiro Shibata
Recurrent H3F3A and IDH2 mutations have been reported in giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). However, the reported incidences have varied, and other molecular genetic alterations have not been identified due to the small number of cases analyzed with comprehensive methods. Moreover, the relative sensitivities of Sanger sequencing and next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the detection of H3F3A mutations in DNA extracted from archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) for clinical diagnosis have not been assessed...
May 25, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533930/early-onset-lyme-carditis-with-concurrent-disseminated-erythema-migrans
#19
Kinjan P Patel, Peter D Farjo, Joy J Juskowich, Ali Hama Amin, James D Mills
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease is an infection that is estimated to affect over 300,000 people in the United States annually. Typically, it presents with erythema migrans (EM), an annular rash at the site of tick attachment, within 3 to 30 days of inoculation. Untreated patients may progress to early disseminated disease. A further complication, Lyme carditis is rare but may occur several weeks later. It commonly manifests as a variable atrioventricular (AV) conduction block, with a high-grade AV block occurring in only 1% of untreated patients...
2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529270/pancreatic-abscess-in-a-cat-due-to-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#20
Yuki Nemoto, Tomoya Haraguchi, Takako Shimokawa Miyama, Kosuke Kobayashi, Kaori Hama, Yosuke Kurogouchi, Noriyuki Fujiki, Kenji Baba, Masaru Okuda, Takuya Mizuno
A 16-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat was presented with lethargy, anorexia, and wamble. Physical and blood examination did not reveal any remarkable findings. Abdominal ultrasonography identified the presence of a localized anechoic structure with a thick wall in contact with the small intestine and adjacent to the liver. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the structure revealed fluid containing numerous cocci and neutrophils. Two days after antibiotic treatment, exploratory laparotomy was performed and the content of the structure was removed before multiple lavages...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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