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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#1
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178605/records-improved-reporting-of-monte-carlo-radiation-transport-studies-report-of-the-aapm-research-committee-task-group-268
#2
Ioannis Sechopoulos, David W O Rogers, Magdalena Bazalova-Carter, Wesley E Bolch, Emily C Heath, Michael F McNitt-Gray, Josep Sempau, Jeffrey F Williamson
Studies involving Monte Carlo simulations are common in both diagnostic and therapy medical physics research, as well as other fields of basic and applied science. As with all experimental studies, the conditions and parameters used for Monte Carlo simulations impact their scope, validity, limitations and generalizability. Unfortunately, many published peer-reviewed articles involving Monte Carlo simulations do not provide the level of detail needed for the reader to be able to properly assess the quality of the simulations...
November 27, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168653/utilizing-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer-an-interview-with-ajay-goel
#3
Ajay Goel
Ajay Goel, PhD, is a Professor and Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Research, and Director, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, at the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Dr Goel has spent more than 20 years researching cancer and has been the lead author or contributor to over 240 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed international journals and several book chapters. He is also a primary inventor on more than 15 international patents aimed at developing various biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of gastrointestinal cancers...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155916/a-novel-strategy-to-address-unmeasured-confounding-when-comparing-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-pregnancy
#4
Lara S Lemon
Opioid addiction in pregnancy is a growing concern that has recently received a lot of attention. When comparing recommended opioid agonist therapies, many currently published studies guiding practice may be impacted by unmeasured confounding by indication. Populations of women who receive methadone are generally different from those treated with buprenorphine. Women treated with methadone frequently have more severe and uncontrolled addiction compared with buprenorphine treated patients; however, these factors are typically unmeasured or unavailable in large observational data sets...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#5
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110114/medical-humanities-teaching-in-north-american-allopathic-and-osteopathic-medical-schools
#6
Craig M Klugman
Although the AAMC requires annual reporting of medical humanities teaching, most literature is based on single-school case reports and studies using information reported on schools' websites. This study sought to discover what medical humanities is offered in North American allopathic and osteopathic undergraduate medical schools. An 18-question, semi-structured survey was distributed to all 146 (as of June 2016) member schools of the American Association of Medical Colleges and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109933/a-study-comparing-trial-registry-entries-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-publications-of-their-results-in-a-high-impact-factor-journal-the-journal-of-the-american-medical-association
#7
Poorwa Wandalkar, Prajakta Gandhe, Ashutosh Pai, Manasi Limaye, Shailesh Chauthankar, Nithya J Gogtay, Urmila M Thatte
Purpose: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors mandates trial registration as a precondition for publication. Growing evidence indicates that information in registry may not correlate with eventual publication. The present study was carried out with the objective of comparing content of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) published in one year in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), with the information contained in trial registries. Methods: All RCTs published in JAMA in 2013 were included...
October 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103964/leadership-of-united-states-academic-departments-of-ophthalmology-chairperson-characteristics-accomplishments-and-personal-insights
#8
Gad Dotan, Hanya M Qureshi, Steven S Saraf, Deborah A Darnley-Fisch
PURPOSE: To report on the characteristics, accomplishments, and past experiences of current academic ophthalmology department chairs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A confidential online survey. STUDY POPULATION: 111 chairs of US academic ophthalmology departments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Chairs' general characteristics, training/former positions held, academic accomplishments, previous organization/committee involvement, motivation/insight, and overall work satisfaction...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101993/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-staging-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
Aliya Qayyum, Eric P Tamm, Ihab R Kamel, Peter J Allen, Hina Arif-Tiwari, Victoria Chernyak, Tamas A Gonda, Joseph R Grajo, Nicole M Hindman, Jeanne M Horowitz, Harmeet Kaur, Michelle M McNamara, Richard B Noto, Pavan K Srivastava, Tasneem Lalani
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is associated with poor overall prognosis. Complete surgical resection is the only possible option for cure. As such, increasingly complex surgical techniques including sophisticated vascular reconstruction are being used. Continued advances in surgical techniques, in conjunction with use of combination systemic therapies, and radiation therapy have been suggested to improve outcomes. A key aspect to surgical success is reporting of pivotal findings beyond absence of distant metastases, such as tumor size, location, and degree of tumor involvement of specific vessels associated with potential perineural tumor spread...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#10
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101989/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-radiologic-management-of-central-venous-access
#11
Colette M Shaw, Shrenik Shah, Baljendra S Kapoor, Thomas R Cain, Drew M Caplin, Khashayar Farsad, M-Grace Knuttinen, Margaret H Lee, Joseph J McBride, Jeet Minocha, Elizabeth V Robilotti, Paul J Rochon, Richard Strax, Elrond Y L Teo, Jonathan M Lorenz
Obtaining central venous access is one of the most commonly performed procedures in hospital settings. Multiple devices such as peripherally inserted central venous catheters, tunneled central venous catheters (eg, Hohn catheter, Hickman catheter, C. R. Bard, Inc, Salt Lake City UT), and implantable ports are available for this purpose. The device selected for central venous access depends on the clinical indication, duration of the treatment, and associated comorbidities. It is important for health care providers to familiarize themselves with the types of central venous catheters available, including information about their indications, contraindications, and potential complications, especially the management of catheters in the setting of catheter-related bloodstream infections...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101981/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-cranial-neuropathy
#12
Bruno Policeni, Amanda S Corey, Judah Burns, David B Conley, R Webster Crowley, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Amy F Juliano, Tabassum A Kennedy, Gul Moonis, Jeffrey S Pannell, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Joshua M Rosenow, Jason W Schroeder, Mathew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius
Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ. MRI is the modality of choice with CT playing a complementary role, particularly in the evaluation of the bone anatomy. Since neoplastic and inflammatory lesions are prevalent on the differential diagnosis, contrast enhanced studies are preferred when possible...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080200/pivotal-factors-concerned-in-design-of-acupuncture-clinical-research-from-two-articles-in-jama
#13
Jia-Ni Wu, Zong-Shi Qin, Zhi-Shun Liu
Two randomized controlled trials of acupuncture concerning polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) were published simultaneously in the 24th issue, 2017 of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). A trial involving PCOS indicated that active acupuncture did not increase live birth compared with sham acupuncture; meanwhile, another trial referring to SUI showed that electroacupuncture resulted in less urine leakage compared with sham electroacupuncture. With an eye to the negative and positive results of acupuncture, three pivotal factors should be contemplated: (1) proper illness for acupuncture, that is, a problem need to be solved in current medical science, and acupuncture may really work for it; (2) proper pre-studied primary outcome, which is better be objective and repeatedly measurable to reveal the therapeutic effect of acupuncture truly and objectively; (3) proper sham control, which can blind the patients to the upmost extent with minimal biological effects...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080199/to-be-or-not-to-be-the-calculated-politics-of-acupuncture-in-jama
#14
Chang-Zhen Gong, Wei Liu
Ten acupuncture-related articles were published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) between 1998 and 2017. Five studies showed positive results in terms of the effectiveness of acupuncture/Chinese medicine (CM); five studies showed negative results. This article summarizes the acupuncturerelated clinical trials published over the last 20 years in JAMA, and addresses what seems to be a fundamental ambivalence in Western medical journals regarding the scientific validity of acupuncture/CM...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062780/the-100-most-influential-papers-about-cataract-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#15
Ze-Nan Lin, Jie Chen, Qi Zhang, Qian Li, Min-Yun Cai, Hai Yang, Hong-Ping Cui
AIM: To identify the 100 most cited papers in cataract surgery, we performed a comprehensive bibliometric analysis basing on the literature search on the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge. METHODS: The number of citations, including the total citations, latest 5y citations and average citation number per year (ACY), authorship, year of publication, major topics, journal of publication, country and institution of origin of each paper were recorded and then analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054831/web-based-information-on-the-treatment-of-tobacco-dependence-for-oral-health-professionals-analysis-of-english-written-websites
#16
Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Angel Insua, Ross Keat, Jean Christophe Fricain, Sylvain Catros, Luis Monteiro, Luis Silva, Giovanni Lodi, Alberto Pispero, Rui Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted on the content and quality of Web-based information for patients who are interested in smoking cessation advice and for health care practitioners regarding the content of e-learning programs about tobacco cessation. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no such information about the quality of Web-based learning resources regarding smoking cessation dedicated to oral health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the quality of the content of webpages providing information about smoking cessation for oral health care professionals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026962/abdominal-contouring-outcomes-in-class-iii-obesity-analysis-of-the-acs-nsqip-database
#17
Husain T AlQattan, Leela S Mundra, Gustavo A Rubio, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Obesity may increase the risk of complications following abdominal contouring. The aim of this study is to evaluate panniculectomy outcomes in patients with class III obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). METHODS: The American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program ACS-NSQIP (2010-2014) was used to identify patients who underwent panniculectomy. Class III obesity patients were identified. Demographics, comorbidities and postoperative outcomes were evaluated...
October 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993088/hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-orthopedic-literature-in-medical-journals-is-it-negatively-biased
#18
Ronald E Delanois, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Morad Chughtai, Arthur L Malkani, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy is often determined by well-designed studies most often published in high-impact medical journals. However, concern about the presence of publication bias against lower-extremity arthroplasty-related studies has called into question some of the validity of certain reports. There are only a few studies investigating the presence of the bias in high-impact medical journals against lower-extremity arthroplasty intervention, particularly in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), and the Lancet...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991114/a-survey-evaluating-burnout-health-status-depression-reported-alcohol-and-substance-use-and-social-support-of-anesthesiologists
#19
Steve Alan Hyman, Matthew S Shotwell, Damon R Michaels, Xue Han, Elizabeth Borg Card, Jennifer L Morse, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Burnout affects all medical specialists, and concern about it has become common in today's health care environment. The gold standard of burnout measurement in health care professionals is the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), which measures emotional exhaustion, depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment. Besides affecting work quality, burnout is thought to affect health problems, mental health issues, and substance use negatively, although confirmatory data are lacking...
October 5, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990637/qualitative-study-of-depression-literacy-among-korean-american-parents-of-adolescents
#20
Yoo Mi Jeong, Linda L McCreary, Tonda L Hughes
Lack of depression literacy is associated with low help-seeking behaviors for mental health care in adolescents. As parents generally determine adolescents' health care, ensuring parents can recognize depressive symptoms is crucial. The current study explored depression literacy among Korean American parents of adolescents ages 12 to 19 using a qualitative descriptive design. Semantic content analysis was performed using data from three focus group interviews conducted in 2015 with Korean American parents (10 mothers, four fathers) of adolescents...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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