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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449143/gender-trends-in-academic-radiology-publication-in-the-united-states-revisited
#1
Erin E O'Connor, Pauline Chen, Brian Weston, Redmond Anderson, Timothy Zeffiro, Awad Ahmed, Thomas A Zeffiro
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although substantial increases in publications by female academic radiologists have appeared over the last several decades, it is possible that the rate of increase is decreasing. We examined temporal trends in gender composition for full-time radiology faculty, radiology residents, and medical students over a 46-year period. METHODS: We examined authorship gender trends to determine if the increases in female authorship seen since 1970 have been sustained in recent years and whether female radiologists continue to publish in proportion to their numbers in academic departments...
February 12, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435639/assessment-of-readability-quality-and-popularity-of-online-information-on-ureteral-stents
#2
Sarah Mozafarpour, Briony Norris, James Borin, Brian H Eisner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and readability of online information on ureteral stents. METHODS: Google.com was queried using the search terms "ureteric stent", "ureteral stent", "double J stent" and, "Kidney stent" derived from Google AdWords. Website popularity was determined using Google Rank and the Alexa tool. Website quality assessment was performed using the following criteria: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, Health on the Net (HON) criteria, and a customized DISCERN questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412437/an-international-position-statement-on-the-management-of-frailty-in-diabetes-mellitus-summary-of-recommendations-2017
#3
A J Sinclair, A Abdelhafiz, T Dunning, M Izquierdo, L Rodriguez Manas, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J E Morley, M Munshi, J Woo, B Vellas
AIM: the the International Position Statement provides the opportunity to summarise all existing clinical trial and best practice evidence for older people with frailty and diabetes. It is the first document of its kind and is intended to support clinical decisions that will enhance safety in management and promote high quality care. METHODS: the Review Group sought evidence from a wide range of studies that provide sufficient confidence (in the absence of grading) for the basis of each recommendation...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411148/from-a-patient-advocate-s-perspective-does-cancer-immunotherapy-represent-a-paradigm-shift
#4
REVIEW
Debra L Madden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2016, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) announced immunotherapy as the year's top cancer advance in its "Clinical Cancer Advances 2016: ASCO's Annual Report on Progress Against Cancer." Further, ASCO again named "Immunotherapy 2.0" as the 2017 advance of the year, emphasizing the recent, rapid pace of research into new agents that harness and enhance the innate abilities of the immune system to recognize and fight cancers-and stressing that such agents have extended the lives of many patients with late-stage cancers for which there have been few treatment options...
February 7, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406837/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#5
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396791/quality-and-readability-of-online-patient-information-regarding-sclerotherapy-for-venous-malformations
#6
Jonathan H Pass, Amani H Patel, Sam Stuart, Alex M Barnacle, Premal A Patel
BACKGROUND: Patients often use the internet as a source of information about their condition and treatments. However, this information is unregulated and varies in quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the readability and quality of online information for pediatric and adult patients and caregivers regarding sclerotherapy for venous malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: "Venous malformation sclerotherapy" was entered into Google, and results were reviewed until 20 sites that satisfied predefined inclusion criteria were identified...
February 2, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354965/-comments-on-effect-of-acupuncture-and-clomiphene-in-chinese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial-published-in-journal-of-the-american-medical-association
#7
Weijuan Gang, Xianghong Jing
In recent years, more and more patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have strong desire to be treated with acupuncture. In "Effect of acupuncture and clomiphene in Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial" published in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on June 27, 2017, the finding of this research does not support acupuncture for such infertility women. The questions and doubts are proposed in the paper from the regimen of acupuncture treatment, the determination of primary outcome and the explanation of the results...
November 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#8
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306063/many-rcts-may-not-be-justified-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-ethics-and-science-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Julie De Meulemeester, Mark Fedyk, Lucas Jurkovic, Michael Reaume, Dar Dowlatshahi, Grant Stotts, Michel Shamy
OBJECTIVE: We have proposed that three scientific criteria are important to the ethical justification of RCTs: (1) they should be designed around a clear hypothesis; (2) uncertainty should exist around that hypothesis; (3) that uncertainty should be as established through a systematic review. We hypothesized that the majority of a sample of recently-published RCTs would not explicitly incorporate these criteria, therefore rendering them potentially unjustified on scientific grounds. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analysis of all RCTs published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2015...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281975/a-survey-of-prevalence-of-narrative-and-systematic-reviews-in-five-major-medical-journals
#10
Clovis Mariano Faggion, Nikolaos P Bakas, Jason Wasiak
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews may provide less biased evidence than narrative reviews because they observe a strict methodology, similarly to primary studies. Hence, for clinical research questions, systematic reviews should be the study design of choice. It would be important to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of narrative and systematic reviews published in prominent medical journals. Researchers and clinicians give great value to articles published in such scientific journals...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275030/testosterone-and-cardiovascular-health
#11
REVIEW
Andrew Elagizi, Tobias S Köhler, Carl J Lavie
There is an ongoing debate in the medical community regarding the effects of testosterone on cardiovascular (CV) health. For decades, there has been conflicting evidence regarding the association of endogenous testosterone levels and CV disease (CVD) events that has resulted in much debate and confusion among health care providers and patients alike. Testosterone therapy has become increasingly widespread, and after the emergence of studies that reported increased CVD events in patients receiving testosterone therapy, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a warning statement about testosterone and its potential risk regarding CV health...
December 20, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242806/comparison-of-the-source-and-quality-of-information-on-the-internet-between-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-australian-experience
#12
Brian M Devitt, Taylor Hartwig, Haydn Klemm, Filip T Cosic, James Green, Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller, Joseph F Baker
Background: The internet is a valuable tool, but concerns exist regarding the quality and accuracy of medical information available online. Purpose: To evaluate the source and quality of information on the internet relating to anterolateral ligament reconstruction (ALLR) compared with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 50 ACLR patients in Australia to determine their use of the internet to research their operation and their familiarity with the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239150/gender-differences-in-septic-intensive-care-unit-patients
#13
Francesco Campanelli, Giovanni Landoni, Luca Cabrini, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: The world population is mostly male at birth, although there is a shift in predominance over 55 years of age with more females than males. Male gender was recently hypothesized to be a risk factor for sepsis and septic shock; the reasons and the consequences of this odd discrepancy are yet a matter of debate. We investigated the percentage of males and females in a large number of trials performed on septic adult patients admitted to Intensive Care Units. METHODS: We analysed all the multicentre randomized controlled trials ever published in peer-reviewed Journals reporting a significant effect on mortality in intensive care unit septic adult patients; furthermore, we retrieved all the manuscripts dealing with sepsis or septic shock patients published in the last 3 years in the three medical Journals with the highest impact factor...
December 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237585/evaluating-the-dental-caries-related-information-on-brazilian-websites-qualitative-study
#14
Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Melina Martins Coelho, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common chronic oral disease, affecting 2.4 billion people worldwide who on average have 2.11 decayed, missing, or filled teeth. It impacts the quality of life of patients, socially and economically. However, the comprehension of dental caries may be difficult for most people, as it involves a multifactorial etiology with the interplay between the tooth surface, the dental biofilm, dietary fermentable carbohydrates, and genetic and behavioral factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235035/is-acupuncture-actually-not-effective-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-analysis-of-the-trial-published-in-jama
#15
Wei-Juan Gang, Xiang-Hong Jing
In recent years, acupuncture has been applied to treat more and more patients suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). On June 27, 2017 a paper titled "Effect of acupuncture and clomiphene in Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial" was published in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). The results did not support acupuncture as an effective therapy for improving the live births in PCOS. The aim of this article was to analyze the therapeutic regimen and design of the clinical trial...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#16
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178605/records-improved-reporting-of-monte-carlo-radiation-transport-studies-report-of-the-aapm-research-committee-task-group-268
#17
Ioannis Sechopoulos, David W O Rogers, Magdalena Bazalova-Carter, Wesley E Bolch, Emily C Heath, Michael F McNitt-Gray, Josep Sempau, Jeffrey F Williamson
Studies involving Monte Carlo simulations are common in both diagnostic and therapy medical physics research, as well as other fields of basic and applied science. As with all experimental studies, the conditions and parameters used for Monte Carlo simulations impact their scope, validity, limitations and generalizability. Unfortunately, many published peer-reviewed articles involving Monte Carlo simulations do not provide the level of detail needed for the reader to be able to properly assess the quality of the simulations...
November 27, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168653/utilizing-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer-an-interview-with-ajay-goel
#18
Ajay Goel
Ajay Goel, PhD, is a Professor and Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Research, and Director, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, at the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Dr Goel has spent more than 20 years researching cancer and has been the lead author or contributor to over 240 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed international journals and several book chapters. He is also a primary inventor on more than 15 international patents aimed at developing various biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of gastrointestinal cancers...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155916/a-novel-strategy-to-address-unmeasured-confounding-when-comparing-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-pregnancy
#19
Lara S Lemon
Opioid addiction in pregnancy is a growing concern that has recently received a lot of attention. When comparing recommended opioid agonist therapies, many currently published studies guiding practice may be impacted by unmeasured confounding by indication. Populations of women who receive methadone are generally different from those treated with buprenorphine. Women treated with methadone frequently have more severe and uncontrolled addiction compared with buprenorphine treated patients; however, these factors are typically unmeasured or unavailable in large observational data sets...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150902/wieacker-wolff-syndrome-with-associated-cleft-palate-in-a-female-case
#20
Natalie D Godfrey, Samandar Dowlatshahi, Madelena M Martin, Douglas M Rothkopf
Wieacker-Wolff syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome with few reported cases in the current literature. It is traditionally described in males as an X-linked recessive disorder associated with congenital contractures of the feet, progressive neurologic muscular atrophy, and intellectual delay caused by ZC4H2 mutations. The purpose of this paper is to present a female individual with a classic phenotype and cleft palate, a previously undescribed finding in this syndrome. Recent reports have demonstrated that females are rarely severely affected and phenotypic expression is difficult to predict [Zanzottera et al...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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