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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#1
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590809/radiology-and-ethics-education
#2
Aline Camargo, Li Liu, David M Yousem
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess medical ethics knowledge among trainees and practicing radiologists through an online survey that included questions about the American College of Radiology Code of Ethics and the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics. CONCLUSION: Most survey respondents reported that they had never read the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics or the American College of Radiology Code of Ethics (77.2% and 67...
June 7, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587891/the-accessibility-readability-and-quality-of-online-resources-for-gender-affirming-surgery
#3
Christina R Vargas, Joseph A Ricci, Michelle Lee, Adam M Tobias, Daniel A Medalie, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: The transgender population is disproportionally affected by health disparities related to access to care. In many communities, transgender specialists are geographically distant and locally available medical professionals may be unfamiliar with unique needs of transgender patients. As a result, use of Internet resources for information about gender affirming surgery is particularly important. This study simulates a patient search for online educational material about gender affirming surgery and evaluates the accessibility, readability, and quality of the information...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580651/data-fabrication-and-other-reasons-for-non-random-sampling-in-5087-randomised-controlled-trials-in-anaesthetic-and-general-medical-journals
#4
J B Carlisle
Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after publication because of data fabrication and inadequate ethical approval. Fabricated data have included baseline variables, for instance, age, height or weight. Statistical tests can determine the probability of the distribution of means, given their standard deviation and the number of participants in each group. Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after the data distributions have been calculated as improbable. Most retracted trials have been written by anaesthetists and published by specialist anaesthetic journals...
June 4, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568284/when-it-comes-to-older-adults-language-matters-journal-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-adopts-modified-american-medical-association-style
#5
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Lundebjerg, Daniel E Trucil, Emily C Hammond, William B Applegate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#6
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523205/2016-year-in-review-of-clinical-and-consumer-informatics-analysis-and-visualization-of-keywords-and-topics
#7
REVIEW
Hyeoun-Ae Park, Joo Yun Lee, Jeongah On, Ji Hyun Lee, Hyesil Jung, Seul Ki Park
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review and visualize the medical informatics field over the previous 12 months according to the frequencies of keywords and topics in papers published in the top four journals in the field and in Healthcare Informatics Research (HIR), an official journal of the Korean Society of Medical Informatics. METHODS: A six-person team conducted an extensive review of the literature on clinical and consumer informatics. The literature was searched using keywords employed in the American Medical Informatics Association year-in-review process and organized into 14 topics used in that process...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511609/why-the-history-of-nursing-ethics-matters
#8
Marsha D Fowler
Modern American nursing has an extensive ethical heritage literature that extends from the 1870s to 1965 when the American Nurses Association issued a policy paper that called for moving nursing education out of hospital diploma programs and into colleges and universities. One consequence of this move was the dispersion of nursing libraries and the loss of nursing ethics textbooks, as they were largely not brought over into the college libraries. In addition to approximately 100 nursing ethics textbooks, the nursing ethics heritage literature also includes hundreds of journal articles that are often made less accessible in modern databases that concentrate on the past 20 or 30 years...
May 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497491/male-child-with-somatic-mosaic-osteopathia-striata-with-cranial-sclerosis-caused-by-a-novel-pathogenic-amer1-frameshift-mutation
#9
Jennifer Hague, Isabelle Delon, Kim Brugger, Howard Martin, Leanne Sparnon, Ingrid Simonic, Stephen Abbs, Soo-Mi Park
Osteopathia striata with cranial sclerosis (OSCS; OMIM #300373) is a rare X-linked dominant condition caused by mutations in the AMER1 gene (also known as WTX or FAM123B). It is a condition which usually affects females in whom the clinical phenotype can be extremely variable. Conversely affected males typically die in utero or during the neonatal period [Perdu et al. (); Clinical Genetics 80: 383-388; Vasiljevic et al. (); Prenatal Diagnosis 35: 302-304]. There have been a small number of reported cases of surviving males, including three patients who are somatic mosaic for the condition [Chénier, Noor, Dupuis, Stavropoulos, & Mendoza-Londono, (); American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 158A: 2946-2952; Holman et al...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496225/altmetric-analysis-of-2015-dental-literature-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
J Kolahi, P Iranmanesh, S Khazaei
Introduction To report and analyse Altmetric data of all dental articles and journals in 2015.Methods To identify all 2015 dental articles, PubMed was searched via Altmetric platform using the following query: ("2015/1/1"[PDAT]: "2015/12/31"[PDAT]) AND jsubsetd[text] NOT 2016[PDAT] on November 12, 2016. Altmetric data of all 2015 dental articles and journals were extracted and analysed by Microsoft Office Excel 2016 using descriptive statistics, graphs and trend-line analysis. To find the most important and influential Altmetric factors, multi-layered perceptron artificial neural network was employed using SPSS 22...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493948/gender-bias-in-clinical-case-reports-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-big-five-medical-journals
#11
Pascale Allotey, Caitlin Allotey-Reidpath, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Gender bias in medical journals can affect the science and the benefit to patients. It has never been investigated in clinical case reports. The oversight is important because of the role clinical case reports play in hypothesis generation and medical education. We investigated contemporary gender bias in case reports for the highest ranked journals in general and internal medicine. METHODS: PubMed case reports data from 2011 to 2016 were extracted for the Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476386/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery%C3%A2
#12
Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene, Andrew J Meyr
This investigation presents a review of all of the clinical outcome measures used by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery(®) from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015. Of 1,336 articles published during this time frame, 655 (49.0%) were classified as original research and included in this analysis. Of these 655 articles, 151 (23.1%) included at least one clinical outcome measure. Thirty-seven unique clinical outcome scales were used by authors and published during this period...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473081/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-breast%C3%A2-pain
#13
Peter M Jokich, Lisa Bailey, Carl D'Orsi, Edward D Green, Anna I Holbrook, Su-Ju Lee, Ana P Lourenco, Martha B Mainiero, Linda Moy, Karla A Sepulveda, Priscilla J Slanetz, Sunita Trikha, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Breast pain (or tenderness) is a common symptom, experienced by up to 80% of women at some point in their lives. Fortunately, it is rarely associated with breast cancer. However, breast pain remains a common cause of referral for diagnostic breast imaging evaluation. Appropriate workup depends on the nature and focality of the pain, as well as the age of the patient. Imaging evaluation is usually not indicated if the pain is cyclic or nonfocal. For focal, noncyclic pain, imaging may be appropriate, mainly for reassurance and to identify treatable causes...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473071/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-hematospermia
#14
Keyanoosh Hosseinzadeh, Aytekin Oto, Brian C Allen, Fergus V Coakley, Barak Friedman, Pat F Fulgham, Matthew S Hartman, Matthew T Heller, Christopher Porter, V Anik Sahni, Gary S Sudakoff, Sadhna Verma, Carolyn L Wang, Don C Yoo, Erick M Remer, Steven C Eberhardt
Most men with hematospermia or hemospermia (HS) are young (<40 years of age), presenting with transient or episodic HS without other signs or symptoms of disease. The condition is self-limiting in most cases and idiopathic in nature. When a cause can be identified, infections of the urogenital tract are the most common. Imaging does not play a role in this patient population. In older men (>40 years of age), clinical screening for prostate cancer is advised. Furthermore, when HS is persistent or has symptoms, causes include obstruction or stricture at the level of the verumontanum, calcifications or calculi in the prostate, ejaculatory ducts or seminal vesicles, and cysts arising within these structures...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463018/a-5-year-review-of-clinical-outcome-measures-published-in-the-journal-of-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-journal-of-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#15
Todd Hasenstein, Timothy Greene, Andrew J Meyr
This investigation presents a review of all of the clinical outcome measures used by authors and published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015. Of 1,336 articles published during this time frame, 655 (49.0%) were classified as original research and included in this analysis. Of these 655 articles, 151 (23.1%) included at least one clinical outcome measure. Thirty-seven unique clinical outcome scales were used by authors and published during this period...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437511/online-information-on-the-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-quality-and-readability
#16
Shatha Alnafea, Stefano Fedele, Stephen Porter, Richeal Ni Riordain
AIMS: To evaluate the quality and readability of online information about the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: An internet search using the phrase "burning mouth syndrome treatment" was carried out on the Google search engine (www.google.co.uk) on 8 June 2015, and the first 100 websites listed were examined. Data collection included DISCERN score, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks for website analysis score, the presence of the Health on the Net (HON) Foundation seal, and the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES)...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407363/de-novo-unbalanced-translocation-4p-duplication-8p-deletion-in-a-patient-with-autism-ocd-and-overgrowth-syndrome
#17
Angela Sagar, Dalila Pinto, Fedra Najjar, Stephen J Guter, Carol Macmillan, Edwin H Cook
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as unbalanced translocations and copy number variants (CNVs), are found in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) [Sanders et al. (2011) Neuron 70: 863-885]. Many chromosomal abnormalities, including sub microscopic genomic deletions and duplications, are missed by G-banded karyotyping or Fragile X screening alone and are picked up by chromosomal microarrays [Shen et al. (2010) Pediatrics 125: e727-735]. Translocations involving chromosomes 4 and 8 are possibly the second most frequent translocation in humans and are often undetected in routine cytogenetics [Giglio et al...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402930/hiv-treatment-and-prevention-an-overview-of-recommendations-from-the-ias-usa-antiretroviral-guidelines-panel
#18
REVIEW
Paul A Volberding
Updated recommendations from the IAS-USA Antiretroviral Guidelines Panel on antiretroviral therapy for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection in adults were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2016. The updated, evidence-based recommendations address when to initiate antiretroviral therapy, recommended initial antiretroviral regimens, including integrase strand transfer inhibitor (InSTI)-based regimens, recommended regimens for persons in whom an InSTI is not an option, and special treatment considerations...
February 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402326/chocolate-intake-and-diabetes-risk-in-postmenopausal-american-women
#19
J A Greenberg, J E Manson, L Tinker, M L Neuhouser, L Garcia, M Z Vitolins, L S Phillips
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent long-term prospective cohort studies found inverse associations between chocolate consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but provided conflicting evidence on the nature of the association among women. To assess this association in a large cohort of American women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Multivariable Cox regression was used with the data from 92 678 postmenopausal women in the prospective Women's Health Initiative study. Chocolate intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367203/the-50-most-cited-articles-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-from-mainland-china
#20
Sun-Kuan Hu, Jie Huang, Wan-Dong Hong, Xiao-Jing Du, Rong Jin, Tie-Su Lin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles originating from mainland China. METHODS: We utilized the 2015 edition of Journal Citation Reports and PubMed to determine the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles from 75 professional journals and four leading journals in clinical medicine, which are The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The British Medical Journal...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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