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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645403/quality-of-author-guidelines-in-nursing-journals
#1
Marilyn H Oermann, Leslie H Nicoll, Peggy L Chinn, Jamie L Conklin, Midori McCarty, Sathya Amarasekara
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to (a) describe the information provided in author guidelines in nursing journals, (b) assess the completeness of this information, and (c) identify the extent and types of reporting guidelines used in nursing journals. DESIGN: Content analysis of author guidelines for 245 nursing journals included in the Directory of Nursing Journals maintained at the International Academy of Nursing Editors website. METHODS: Using Research Electronic Data Capture, data on 19 criteria for completeness were extracted from published author guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596972/a-review-of-cluster-randomised-trials-found-statistical-evidence-of-selection-bias
#2
REVIEW
Jaime Bolzern, Nandi Mnyama, Katharine Bosanquet, David J Torgerson
OBJECTIVES: To assess markers of selection bias risk in a sample of recently-published cluster randomized controlled trials compared with individually randomized trials. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used OVID Medline and the online archives of the Journal of the American Medical Association to search for cluster randomized trials published between January 2015 and June 2017 from four high-impact journals and compared them to a matched sample of individually randomized trials...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571892/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-health-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Andrew Elagizi, Carl J Lavie, Keri Marshall, James J DiNicolantonio, James H O'Keefe, Richard V Milani
The potential cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) benefits of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (OM3) have been intensely studied and debated for decades. Initial trials were performed in patients with low use of maximal medical therapy for CVD, and reported significant mortality benefits with the use of 1 g/day OM3 intervention following myocardial infarction (MI). More recent studies, including cohorts of patients receiving modern guideline directed medical therapy for CVD, have often not shown similar benefits with OM3 use...
March 20, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555566/honorary-authorship-in-radiologic-research-articles-assessment-of-pattern-and-longitudinal-evolution
#4
Ronald L Eisenberg, Long H Ngo, Benedikt H Heidinger, Alexander A Bankier
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pattern and longitudinal evolution of honorary authorship in major radiology journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved study, an electronic survey was sent to first authors of original research articles published in the American Journal of Roentgenology, European Radiology, the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Radiology during 2 years (July 2014 through June 2016). Questions addressed the perception of honorary authorship and contributing factors, as well as demographic information...
March 16, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553422/publication-patterns-on-occupied-palestine-in-four-key-medical-journals-1990-2016-a-descriptive-study
#5
Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The atrocities in Syria have been covered in the four general medical weekly journals in the USA and the UK. Medical journal articles addressing political determinants of public health have rightly described and criticised the international community's failure to enforce humanitarian law while urging global bodies of power to ensure protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure and medical services. Discussions of the political influences on health of people in the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip) seem to be considered politically out-of-bounds by some medical journals...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545354/measuring-the-success-of-specific-health-problem-consultations-in-cats-and-dogs-a-systematic-review
#6
Louise Corah, Liz Mossop, Kate Cobb, Rachel Dean
Consultations are complex interactions, are central to achieving optimal outcomes for all stakeholders, yet what constitutes a successful consultation has not been defined. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the scope of the literature available on specific health problem consultations and appraise their identified success measures. Searches of CAB Abstracts and MEDLINE were performed in May 2016 using species and consultation terms. Systematic sorting of the results allowed identification of consultation 'success factors' cited in peer-reviewed veterinary literature which were appraised using an appropriate critical appraisal tool (AXIS)...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496500/update-in-outpatient-general-internal-medicine-practice-changing-evidence-published-in-2017
#7
REVIEW
Mark L Wieland, Jason H Szostek, Majken T Wingo, Jason A Post, Karen F Mauck
Clinicians are challenged to identify new practice changing articles in the medical literature. To identify the practice-changing articles published in 2017 most relevant to outpatient general internal medicine, five internists reviewed the following sources: 1) titles and abstracts from internal medicine journals with the 7 highest impact factors, including New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, British Medical Journal, Public Library of Science Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, and JAMA-Internal Medicine; 2) synopses and syntheses of individual studies, including collections in American College of Physicians Journal Club, Journal Watch, and Evidence-Based Medicine; 3) databases of synthesis, including Evidence Updates and the Cochrane Library...
February 26, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477987/declarations-of-conflict-of-interest-are-still-inadequate
#8
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449143/gender-trends-in-academic-radiology-publication-in-the-united-states-revisited
#9
Erin E O'Connor, Pauline Chen, Brian Weston, Redmond Anderson, Timothy Zeffiro, Awad Ahmed, Thomas A Zeffiro
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although substantial increases in publications by female academic radiologists have appeared over the last several decades, it is possible that the rate of increase is decreasing. We examined temporal trends in gender composition for full-time radiology faculty, radiology residents, and medical students over a 46-year period. METHODS: We examined authorship gender trends to determine if the increases in female authorship seen since 1970 have been sustained in recent years and whether female radiologists continue to publish in proportion to their numbers in academic departments...
February 12, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435639/assessment-of-readability-quality-and-popularity-of-online-information-on-ureteral-stents
#10
Sarah Mozafarpour, Briony Norris, James Borin, Brian H Eisner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and readability of online information on ureteral stents. METHODS: Google.com was queried using the search terms "ureteric stent", "ureteral stent", "double J stent" and, "Kidney stent" derived from Google AdWords. Website popularity was determined using Google Rank and the Alexa tool. Website quality assessment was performed using the following criteria: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, Health on the Net (HON) criteria, and a customized DISCERN questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412437/an-international-position-statement-on-the-management-of-frailty-in-diabetes-mellitus-summary-of-recommendations-2017
#11
A J Sinclair, A Abdelhafiz, T Dunning, M Izquierdo, L Rodriguez Manas, I Bourdel-Marchasson, J E Morley, M Munshi, J Woo, B Vellas
AIM: The International Position Statement provides the opportunity to summarise all existing clinical trial and best practice evidence for older people with frailty and diabetes. It is the first document of its kind and is intended to support clinical decisions that will enhance safety in management and promote high quality care. METHODS: The Review Group sought evidence from a wide range of studies that provide sufficient confidence (in the absence of grading) for the basis of each recommendation...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411148/from-a-patient-advocate-s-perspective-does-cancer-immunotherapy-represent-a-paradigm-shift
#12
REVIEW
Debra L Madden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2016, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) announced immunotherapy as the year's top cancer advance in its "Clinical Cancer Advances 2016: ASCO's Annual Report on Progress Against Cancer." Further, ASCO again named "Immunotherapy 2.0" as the 2017 advance of the year, emphasizing the recent, rapid pace of research into new agents that harness and enhance the innate abilities of the immune system to recognize and fight cancers-and stressing that such agents have extended the lives of many patients with late-stage cancers for which there have been few treatment options...
February 7, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406837/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#13
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396791/quality-and-readability-of-online-patient-information-regarding-sclerotherapy-for-venous-malformations
#14
Jonathan H Pass, Amani H Patel, Sam Stuart, Alex M Barnacle, Premal A Patel
BACKGROUND: Patients often use the internet as a source of information about their condition and treatments. However, this information is unregulated and varies in quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the readability and quality of online information for pediatric and adult patients and caregivers regarding sclerotherapy for venous malformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: "Venous malformation sclerotherapy" was entered into Google, and results were reviewed until 20 sites that satisfied predefined inclusion criteria were identified...
February 2, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354965/-comments-on-effect-of-acupuncture-and-clomiphene-in-chinese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial-published-in-journal-of-the-american-medical-association
#15
Weijuan Gang, Xianghong Jing
In recent years, more and more patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have strong desire to be treated with acupuncture. In "Effect of acupuncture and clomiphene in Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial" published in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on June 27, 2017, the finding of this research does not support acupuncture for such infertility women. The questions and doubts are proposed in the paper from the regimen of acupuncture treatment, the determination of primary outcome and the explanation of the results...
November 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#16
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened...
March 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306063/many-randomized-clinical-trials-may-not-be-justified-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-ethics-and-science-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#17
Julie De Meulemeester, Mark Fedyk, Lucas Jurkovic, Michael Reaume, Dar Dowlatshahi, Grant Stotts, Michel Shamy
OBJECTIVE: We have proposed that three scientific criteria are important for the ethical justification of randomized clinical trials (RCTs): (1) they should be designed around a clear hypothesis; (2) uncertainty should exist around that hypothesis; (3) that uncertainty should be as established through a systematic review. We hypothesized that the majority of a sample of recently published RCTs would not explicitly incorporate these criteria, therefore rendering them potentially unjustified on scientific grounds...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281975/a-survey-of-prevalence-of-narrative-and-systematic-reviews-in-five-major-medical-journals
#18
Clovis Mariano Faggion, Nikolaos P Bakas, Jason Wasiak
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews may provide less biased evidence than narrative reviews because they observe a strict methodology, similarly to primary studies. Hence, for clinical research questions, systematic reviews should be the study design of choice. It would be important to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of narrative and systematic reviews published in prominent medical journals. Researchers and clinicians give great value to articles published in such scientific journals...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275030/testosterone-and-cardiovascular-health
#19
REVIEW
Andrew Elagizi, Tobias S Köhler, Carl J Lavie
There is an ongoing debate in the medical community regarding the effects of testosterone on cardiovascular (CV) health. For decades, there has been conflicting evidence regarding the association of endogenous testosterone levels and CV disease (CVD) events that has resulted in much debate and confusion among health care providers and patients alike. Testosterone therapy has become increasingly widespread, and after the emergence of studies that reported increased CVD events in patients receiving testosterone therapy, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a warning statement about testosterone and its potential risk regarding CV health...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242806/comparison-of-the-source-and-quality-of-information-on-the-internet-between-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-australian-experience
#20
Brian M Devitt, Taylor Hartwig, Haydn Klemm, Filip T Cosic, James Green, Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller, Joseph F Baker
Background: The internet is a valuable tool, but concerns exist regarding the quality and accuracy of medical information available online. Purpose: To evaluate the source and quality of information on the internet relating to anterolateral ligament reconstruction (ALLR) compared with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 50 ACLR patients in Australia to determine their use of the internet to research their operation and their familiarity with the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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