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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026962/abdominal-contouring-outcomes-in-class-iii-obesity-analysis-of-the-acs-nsqip-database
#1
Husain T AlQattan, Leela S Mundra, Gustavo A Rubio, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Obesity may increase the risk of complications following abdominal contouring. The aim of this study is to evaluate panniculectomy outcomes in patients with class III obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). METHODS: The American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program ACS-NSQIP (2010-2014) was used to identify patients who underwent panniculectomy. Class III obesity patients were identified. Demographics, comorbidities and postoperative outcomes were evaluated...
October 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993088/hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-orthopedic-literature-in-medical-journals-is-it-negatively-biased
#2
Ronald E Delanois, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Morad Chughtai, Arthur L Malkani, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy is often determined by well-designed studies most often published in high-impact medical journals. However, concern about the presence of publication bias against lower-extremity arthroplasty-related studies has called into question some of the validity of certain reports. There are only a few studies investigating the presence of the bias in high-impact medical journals against lower-extremity arthroplasty intervention, particularly in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), and the Lancet...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991114/a-survey-evaluating-burnout-health-status-depression-reported-alcohol-and-substance-use-and-social-support-of-anesthesiologists
#3
Steve Alan Hyman, Matthew S Shotwell, Damon R Michaels, Xue Han, Elizabeth Borg Card, Jennifer L Morse, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Burnout affects all medical specialists, and concern about it has become common in today's health care environment. The gold standard of burnout measurement in health care professionals is the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), which measures emotional exhaustion, depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment. Besides affecting work quality, burnout is thought to affect health problems, mental health issues, and substance use negatively, although confirmatory data are lacking...
October 5, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990637/qualitative-study-of-depression-literacy-among-korean-american-parents-of-adolescents
#4
Yoo Mi Jeong, Linda L McCreary, Tonda L Hughes
Lack of depression literacy is associated with low help-seeking behaviors for mental health care in adolescents. As parents generally determine adolescents' health care, ensuring parents can recognize depressive symptoms is crucial. The current study explored depression literacy among Korean American parents of adolescents ages 12 to 19 using a qualitative descriptive design. Semantic content analysis was performed using data from three focus group interviews conducted in 2015 with Korean American parents (10 mothers, four fathers) of adolescents...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988181/search-for-unpublished-data-by-systematic-reviewers-an-audit
#5
Hedyeh Ziai, Rujun Zhang, An-Wen Chan, Nav Persaud
OBJECTIVES: We audited a selection of systematic reviews published in 2013 and reported on the proportion of reviews that researched for unpublished data, included unpublished data in analysis and assessed for publication bias. DESIGN: Audit of systematic reviews. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2013 for the following journals: Journal of the American Medical Association, The British Medical Journal, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954803/temporal-trends-in-use-of-composite-end-points-in-major-cardiovascular-randomized-clinical-trials-in-prominent-medical-journals
#6
Nigel S Tan, Sammy H Ali, Gerald Lebovic, Muhammad Mamdani, Andreas Laupacis, Andrew T Yan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular mortality has decreased over the past 5 decades, making it increasingly difficult to demonstrate significant benefits of new therapies in randomized clinical trials. We sought to determine whether the use of composite end points in major cardiovascular trials has changed over time and examine temporal trends in the clinical importance of individual components of these composite end points. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a validated search strategy, we searched MEDLINE for randomized trials of therapies for primary or secondary cardiovascular prevention published in New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, and the Journal of the American Medical Association between 1986 and 2015...
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952605/should-europe-follow-the-us-and-declare-obesity-a-disease-a-discussion-of-the-so-called-utilitarian-argument
#7
REVIEW
S Vallgårda, M E J Nielsen, A K K Hansen, K ÓCathaoir, M Hartlev, L Holm, B J Christensen, J D Jensen, T I A Sørensen, P Sandøe
In 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) decided to recognize obesity as a disease. One of the main arguments presented in favor of this was broadly 'utilitarian': the disease label would, it was claimed, provide more benefits than harms and thereby serve the general good. Several individuals and groups have argued that this reasoning is just as powerful in the European context. Drawing mainly on a review of relevant social science research, we discuss the validity of this argument. Our conclusion is that in a Western European welfare state, defining obesity as a disease will not on balance serve the general good, and that it is therefore more appropriate to continue to treat obesity as a risk factor...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951653/symptomatic-fibroid-management-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Yelena Havryliuk, Robert Setton, John J Carlow, Barry D Shaktman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Symptomatic uterine fibroids are a societal and healthcare burden with no clear consensus among medical professionals as to which procedural treatment is most appropriate for each symptomatic patient. Our purpose was to determine whether recommendations can be made regarding best practice based on review and analysis of the literature since 2006. DATABASE: A systematic search of journal articles relevant to the treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids was performed within PubMed, clinical society websites, and medical device manufacturers' websites...
July 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944730/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#9
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931706/diabetes-research-and-care-through-the-ages
#10
Bernard Zinman, Jay S Skyler, Matthew C Riddle, Ele Ferrannini
As has been well established, the Diabetes Care journal's most visible signature event is the Diabetes Care Symposium held each year during the American Diabetes Association's Scientific Sessions. Held this past year on 10 June 2017 in San Diego, California, at the 77th Scientific Sessions, this event has become one of the most attended sessions during the Scientific Sessions. Each year, in order to continue to have the symposium generate interest, we revise the format and content of this event. For this past year, our 6th annual symposium, I felt it was time to provide a comprehensive overview of our efforts in diabetes care to determine, first and foremost, how we arrived at our current state of management...
October 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895700/conflict-of-interest-nuances-between-principles-and-the-aim
#11
María E Serra
A conflict of interest exists when a health care provider's primary interest is at risk of being biased by a secondary interest that would cause harm. This concerns the different fields of professional practice. Based on a supplement of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) about conflicts of interest inviting to analyze the situation under the "Do No Harm" ethical principle, diverse scenarios are described, showing the intricacy and controversy of this topic. Elimination of conflict is not always possible, and there is consensus that science-based interactions among private organizations, health care providers and health institutions can be beneficial to patients...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866067/fostering-student-interest-in-neurological-surgery-the-university-of-pittsburgh-experience
#12
Ahmed Kashkoush, Rafey Feroze, Stephanie Myal, Arpan V Prabhu, Alexandra Sansosti, Daniel Tonetti, Nitin Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Early involvement and research in neurosurgery can increase chances for medical students to successfully matriculate into residency. This study reports the creation of a Neurological Surgery Interest Group (NSIG) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and shares its activities over two academic years. METHODS: In October 2014, the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's NSIG was created to augment medical student interest in neurosurgery...
August 30, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856383/side-effects-of-radiotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-the-internet-as-an-information-source
#13
S Janssen, L Käsmann, F B Fahlbusch, D Rades, D Vordermark
AIM: Breast cancer is the most common cancer type among women necessitating adjuvant radiotherapy. As the Internet has become a major source of information for cancer patients, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of websites giving information on side effects of radiotherapy for breast cancer patients. METHODS: A patients' search for the English terms "breast cancer - radiotherapy - side effects" and the corresponding German terms "Brustkrebs - Strahlentherapie - Nebenwirkungen" was carried out twice (5 months apart) using the search engine Google...
August 30, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852359/have-residents-produced-more-research-since-the-inception-of-the-80-hour-workweek
#14
David M Levy, Timothy J Luchetti, Brett R Levine
BACKGROUND: This study hypothesizes that resident involvement in research has increased since institution of the maximum 80-hour workweek in 2002. METHODS: All 571 papers published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) in 1997 and 2007 (five years before and after the start of the 80-hour workweek) were reviewed. To identify resident authors, a search was performed in the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) database for any U.S. author with a medical doctorate (MD)...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841625/american-society-of-maxillofacial-surgeons-2006-to-2016-another-decade-of-excellence-in-education-and-research
#15
Gaby Doumit, Ali Totonchi, Andy Wexler, Arun K Gosain
Over the past 10 years, the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons (ASMS) has continued to advance to meet its mission of being the premier organization to represent maxillofacial and pediatric plastic surgery in the United States. These advances are focused on education of its members, to include the American Society of Maxillofacial Surgeons basic course, the preconference symposium, the annual meeting, two basic maxillofacial courses per year, advanced maxillofacial courses, a boot camp for craniofacial fellows, a cleft course, quarterly webinars, sponsored fellowships, a visiting professorship, and the ASMS journal...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757260/comparison-between-publicly-accessible-publications-registries-and%C3%A2-protocols-of-phase-iii-trials-indicated-persistence-of-selective-outcome%C3%A2-reporting
#16
Sheng Zhang, Fei Liang, Wenfeng Li
OBJECTIVES: The decision to make protocols of phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) publicly accessible by leading journals was a landmark event in clinical trial reporting. Here, we compared primary outcomes defined in protocols with those in publications describing the trials and in trial registration. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We identified phase III RCTs published between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015, in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The BMJ with available protocols...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#17
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678034/women-physicians-are-underrepresented-in-recognition-awards-from-the-association-of-academic-physiatrists
#18
Julie K Silver, Cheri A Blauwet, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Chloe S Slocum, Adam S Tenforde, Jeffrey C Schneider, Ross D Zafonte, Richard Goldstein, Vanessa Gallegos-Kearin, Julia M Reilly, Nicole L Mazwi
OBJECTIVE: Determine representation by gender for individual recognition awards presented to physicians by the Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey was used. Lists of individual recognition award recipients for the 27-yr history of the AAP awards (1990-2016) were analyzed. The primary outcome measures were the total numbers of men versus women physician award recipients overall and for the past decade (2007-2016). RESULTS: No awards were given to women physicians for the past 4 yrs (2013-2016) or in half of the award categories for the past decade (2007-2016)...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663265/maximizing-the-tweet-engagement-rate-in-academia-analysis-of-the-ajnr-twitter-feed
#19
V Wadhwa, E Latimer, K Chatterjee, J McCarty, R T Fitzgerald
The use of social media by medical professionals and organizations is increasing, with Twitter receiving the most attention. User engagement is an important goal of social media activity, and engagement metrics represent a viable gauge of value in social media. No thorough analysis of tweet characteristics that increase academic user engagement has yet been published. In this study, the authors analyzed the American Journal of Neuroradiology Twitter feed to determine the tweet characteristics that were associated with higher engagement rates...
June 29, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#20
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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