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necrotising otitis media

James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
S Pokhrel, M A Quigley, J Fox-Rushby, F McCormick, A Williams, P Trueman, R Dodds, M J Renfrew
RATIONALE: Studies suggest that increased breastfeeding rates can provide substantial financial savings, but the scale of such savings in the UK is not known. OBJECTIVE: To calculate potential cost savings attributable to increases in breastfeeding rates from the National Health Service perspective. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Cost savings focussed on where evidence of health benefit is strongest: reductions in gastrointestinal and lower respiratory tract infections, acute otitis media in infants, necrotising enterocolitis in preterm babies and breast cancer (BC) in women...
April 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood
O T Dale, A R Clarke, A J Drysdale
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of tuberculous otitis media, and to highlight barriers to clinical and microbiological diagnosis. METHOD: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: Tuberculous otitis media is a rare cause of chronic ear infection in the UK. Its symptoms may mimic a range of other otological conditions, including otitis media, chronic suppurative otitis media, cholesteatoma and necrotising otitis media. CONCLUSION: This case report highlights the challenges of obtaining a clinical diagnosis of tuberculous otitis media, and emphasises the fact that screening for acid-fast bacilli is not sufficient, in isolation, to rule out mycobacterial infection...
July 2011: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
H K Chua, C B Segar, R Krishnan, C K Ho
We present a case of cervical necrotising fasciitis in a 56 year old man, secondary to a rare mastoid infection. The patient had coexisting diabetes mellitus and hypertension. He was treated with early surgical debridement followed by neck and chest reconstruction and radical mastoidectomy. Aggressive antibiotic therapy and supportive care was given. He recovered well with minimal residual functional deficit.
March 2002: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Julie P Smith, Jane F Thompson, David A Ellwood
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the attributable ACT hospital system costs of treating selected infant and childhood illnesses having known associations with early weaning from human milk. METHOD: We identified relative risks of infant and childhood morbidity associated with exposure to artificial feeding in the early months of life vs. breastfeeding from cohort studies cited by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1997 as establishing the protective effect of breastfeeding...
December 2002: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
W K Lim, G S Gurdeep, K Norain
Melioidosis is a potentially deadly infection that can affect any organ system. Reports of melioidosis of the ENT/head and neck region are relatively uncommon. Four cases are presented: (i) parotid abscess evolving into necrotising fasciitis, (ii) acute sinusitis and parapharyngeal cellulitis resulting in upper airway obstruction, (iii) acute suppurative lymphadenitis (iv) and chronic suppurative otitis media causing meningoencephalitis. Three of the four cases are believed to be unique, as a literature review of melioidosis in ENT/head and neck is also presented...
December 2001: Medical Journal of Malaysia
J Depondt, I Fligny, P Leplus, P Gehanno
The authors report on 5 observations of necrotising angiitis with a specifically otological onset, namely 4 Wegener's syndromes and one periarteritis nodosa. In all 5 cases, the initial symptomatology consisted of otological signs in a feverish context, producing pictures of serous or sero-purulent otitis. Its resistance to usual forms of therapy led in 3 cases to the installation of transtympanic aerators, and in 2 cases to the performance of an antro-attico-mastoidectomy. One of the observations led to the discovery in the middle ear of a histological aspect specific to the disease, from which it can be considered that the otologic impairment could be a specific seat of the disease...
1989: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
S Tabaqchali
Anaerobic bacteria form the predominant flora of the oral cavity, outnumbering facultative organisms by 10-1,000: 1. The type of anaerobic bacteria and their concentration depend on the anatomical site and the degree of anaerobiosis in the different sites in the mouth. Three groups of anaerobic bacteria inhabit the oral cavity; the strict anaerobes, the moderate anaerobes, and the microaerophilic group of organisms. The majority of anaerobic bacterial infections occurring in the region of the mouth, head and neck are caused by the commensal flora...
1988: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Supplementum
J Ruddy, R C Bickerton
Discharge from the ear can be the result of many disease processes. The ear may discharge blood, pus, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or wax. Keratosis obturans, stenosis of the external meatus and benign tumours of the external meatus all lead to wax build-up, which may cause recurrent attacks of otitis externa. Malignant tumours, such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and tumours of ceruminous gland origin may also present with discharge. Tumours should be excluded by submitting all material removed from the external canal for histological examination...
February 1992: Drugs
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