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Kashif Aziz, Hafiz M Aeymon, Saba Batool
Sale of medicines is not rigorously controlled in Pakistan. Therefore, medical students start prescribing drugs and advising diagnostic tests before they graduate. This cross-sectional study investigated the frequency of independent medical prescription by 180 stratified, randomly selected final year medical students from 3 public medical colleges in Punjab, Pakistan. Data were obtained by self-administered questionnaire. One hundred and twelve students had prescribed medicines independently without any supervision; 38 had performed a physical examination before prescribing; and 74 had advised and 49 interpreted diagnostic tests independently...
March 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Cristina Ferrari, Alessandra Cimino, Giacomo Bianco, Francesca Iuele, Alessandra Di Palo, Margherita Fanelli, Artor Niccoli-Asabella, Giuseppe Rubini
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is an emergency condition that requires immediate treatment. As the symptoms and the risk factors are nonspecific, PE differential diagnosis is often required. Even if angio-CT is considered the gold standard for PE diagnosis, the frequent allergic condition and/or chronic renal failure of patients make, in most cases, not possible the use of contrast enhancement in emergency with even more increasing use of Lung Perfusion Scintigraphy (LPS), as a simple and fast examination with no preparation/contraindication...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Kayleigh M Kew, Poonam Malik, Krishnan Aniruddhan, Rebecca Normansell
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways and is common in both adults and children. It is characterised by symptoms including wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. People with asthma may be helped to manage their condition through shared decision-making (SDM). SDM involves at least two participants (the medical practitioner and the patient) and mutual sharing of information, including the patient's values and preferences, to build consensus about favoured treatment that culminates in an agreed action...
October 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Itzhak Yanovitzky
This study is the first to analyze public response to a drug take-back program, the American Medicine Chest Challenge, in a single state over a period of 3 years (2010-2012). The study utilized a three-wave repeated cross-sectional design and an annual phone survey conducted with a representative sample of adults ( N = 906 in 2010, N = 907 in 2011, and N = 906 in 2012), which assessed exposure to the campaign, drug disposal behaviors, possible mediators of campaign effects (risk appraisal, personal agency, normative influence, and interpersonal talk), and potential confounders...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Mohammed Omer Anwar, Neil Bodagh, Mohammed Husnain Iqbal, Adam Timmis
A 41-year-old woman presented with central chest discomfort. She had been previously well, was an ex-smoker and reported no regular medication. The ECG developed T-wave changes inferiorly and anterolaterally and troponin I concentrations were elevated confirming non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization showed severe spasm of the right and left anterior descending coronary arteries which resolved with intracoronary nitrates. She later volunteered that prior to presentation she had been taking non-prescription Acti-Phen a slimming agent containing phentermine...
April 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Víctor Manuel Carmona-Delgado, Angélica María Deloya-Maldonado, María Lourdes Carranza-Bernal, Arturo Hinojosa-Pérez, Leobardo Farías-Mayene
Myxomas are the most common benign cardiac tumors, which are considered emergency surgery. The resection should not be delayed because 8-9% of affected patients may die due to intracardiac blood flow obstruction. We presente a clinical case of a 47 year old female, history of dyslipidemia. Disease starts with retrosternal oppression feeling, dyspnea on moderate exercise, dizziness, pain in joints hands. Arrhytmic heart sounds, diastolic mitral murmur II/IV, breth sounds present, no lymph. Laboratory: hemoglobin 11...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Itzhak Yanovitzky
OBJECTIVE: Prescription drug take-back programs provide a safe and convenient way to dispose of expired, unwanted, or unused medications that people store in homes, thus limiting the potential misuse of prescription drugs. This study evaluated public response to a social marketing campaign promoting a community-based drug take-back program, the American Medicine Chest Challenge. METHOD: A telephone survey was conducted with a representative sample of adults in New Jersey (N = 906) 2 weeks following the conclusion of the statewide collection day event in November 2010...
July 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
(no author information available yet)
While most healthcare reforms have thus far been focused outside of the ED, they nonetheless have big implications for emergency providers, according to a panel of experts who discussed the future of emergency care at a conference sponsored by the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. Going forward, the experts noted that emergency providers need to engage on how to most-effectively deliver higher value while also achieving better alignment with primary care providers. And they highlighted reforms that are already delivering results in pioneering EDs...
July 2015: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
Harri Selanne, Tatiana V Ryba, Kirsti Siekkinen, Heikki Kyröläinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Harto Hakonen, Marja Mikkelsson, Urho M Kujala
Participating in competitive sport increases the risk for injuries and musculoskeletal pain among adolescent athletes. There is also evidence that the use of prescription drugs has increased among sport club athletes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of painkillers among young male ice hockey players (IHP) in comparison to schoolboys (controls) and its relation to the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and problems during activities and sleeping. Information was gathered through a questionnaire, completed by 121 IHP and compared to the responses of 618 age-matched controls...
January 1, 2014: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
A N Wilner, B K Sharma, A Thompson, A Soucy, A Krueger
Our objective was to identify the top MD-office, inpatient and outpatient diagnoses, procedures, drug classes, comorbidities, and cost of health care for people with epilepsy. We examined health insurance claims for 8388 persons with epilepsy (females = 52%, males = 48%; average age = 35 years; privately insured = 78%, and Medicaid-insured = 22%) from eight health insurance plans for the year 2012. All of the top three diagnoses for MD-office place of service were either for other convulsions (780.39) or for epilepsy (345...
December 2014: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Jennifer A Gershman, Andrea D Fass
Reputable medication safety resources are fundamental to assist in reducing medication errors and educating consumers. The purpose of this article is to describe medication safety and pharmacovigilance electronic and mobile resources that are available to pharmacists to enhance patient safety in the ambulatory care setting at the national level through the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), American Medicine Chest Challenge, and Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP)...
April 2014: Hospital Pharmacy
Laura S Gold, Diana S M Buist, Elizabeth T Loggers, Ruth Etzioni, Larry Kessler, Scott D Ramsey, Sean D Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Because receipt of breast imaging likely occurs in nonrandom patterns, selection bias is an important issue in studies that attempt to elucidate associations between imaging and breast cancer outcomes. The purpose of this study was to analyze use of advanced diagnostic imaging in a cohort of patients with breast cancer insured by commercial, managed care, and public health plans by demographic, health insurance, and clinical variables from 2002 to 2009. METHODS: We identified women with breast cancer diagnoses from a Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry whose data could be linked to claims from participating health plans...
September 2013: Journal of Oncology Practice
Clei Angelo Mocelin, Rodrigo Pires dos Santos
To assess the adequacy of medical prescriptions for community-acquired pneumonia at the emergency department of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, we conducted a prospective cohort study, from January through April 2011. All patients with suspected pneumonia were selected from the first prescription of antimicrobials held in the emergency room. Patients with a description of pneumonia, community-acquired pneumonia, respiratory infection, or other issues related to community-acquired pneumonia were selected for review...
September 2013: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
R Lakhdhar, M Drissa, H Drissa
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common causes of congenital heart disease manifested in adulthood. AIM: To describe clinical and likelihood picture of adults over 60 years born with an ASD type II. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of adult'sASD referred toourinstitutionfrom 1985 through 2010. Clinical, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic and hemodynamic data were reviewed. On follow up study, patients were investigated by echocardiography, ECG and assessed for quality of life by a questionnaire RESULTS: Among forty ASD type II manifested in adulthood which were referred to our department of cardiology five cases of ASD manifested in the sixth decades (2 men and 3 women)...
April 2013: La Tunisie Médicale
V Mondain, F Lieutier, L Hasseine, M Gari-Toussaint, M Poiree, C Lions, C Pulcini
PURPOSE: To describe the antifungal stewardship programme in our hospital and to assess its impact on total antifungal prescriptions and their cost, and on the process of care measures regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic management of invasive aspergillosis and candidaemia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study describing the multifaceted antifungal stewardship programme in place at our French teaching tertiary-care hospital since 2005. Several actions were implemented successively, including the systematic evaluation of all costly antifungal prescriptions (echinocandins, lipid formulations of amphotericin B, posaconazole and voriconazole)...
June 2013: Infection
Ugo Montanari, Domenico Quadrelli, Giuseppe Donato, Maddalena Mercuri, Antonio Scorletti, Franco Berti
In Italian Territory Medicine there is no consolidated habitude, by Family General Practicioners and Paediatricians, to use Guidelines for diagnosis and management of diseases. Therefore, 19 General Practicioners, organized in a cooperative group, have identified a guideline on COPD, a disease often underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated, and verified, over 3 years of application, if it is possible, in clinical practice, to modify diagnostic-therapeutic habitudes. The results - even inferior to expectations for most of the indicators used - showed an increase in the number of cases diagnosed as COPD, possibly linked to a greater use of spirometry and chest Rx...
January 2013: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Traci C Green, Sarah E Bowman, Madeline Ray, Nickolas Zaller, Robert Heimer, Patricia Case
Diversion of prescription opioids is a widespread problem in the USA. While "doctor shopping" and pill brokering are well-described types of medication diversion, we sought to understand the social dynamic of diversion of prescription opioids and identify other diversion methods. Using qualitative data collected as part of a 12-week Rapid Assessment and Response study of prescription opioid overdose and abuse (the RARx Study) conducted in three communities in two New England states, we reviewed and thematically coded 195 interviews...
August 2013: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
J B Kirenga, M Okot-Nwang
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic disease with high morbidity. In Uganda, the proportion of asthma in health care facilities and the extent to which asthma management guidelines are followed is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of adult patients diagnosed with asthma and the proportion of asthma patients that receives recommended asthma therapy prescriptions according to Global Initiative for Asthma with GINA management and prevention guidelines, in the chest clinic and accident and emergency (A&E) departments in Mulago Hospital...
March 2012: African Health Sciences
Tingting Chang, Guoping Chang, John W Clark, Rami H Diab, Eric Rohren, Osama R Mawlawi
PURPOSE: Several investigators have shown that noise equivalent count rate (NECR) is linearly proportional to the square of image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) when PET images are reconstructed using filtered back-projection. However, to our knowledge, none have shown a similar relationship in fully 3D ordered-subset expectation maximization (OSEM) reconstruction. This paper has two aims. The first is to investigate the NECR-SNR relationship for 3D-OSEM reconstruction using phantom studies while the second aim is to evaluate the NECR-SNR relationship using patient data...
October 2012: Medical Physics
C C Grant, A Harnden, D Mant, D Emery, G Coster
BACKGROUND: Although antibiotics are recommended for the primary care management of community-acquired pneumonia, a recent UK study reported that most children admitted to hospital had not received antibiotics. OBJECTIVE: To describe primary care antibiotic use for children subsequently hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. DESIGN/METHODS: A case series of 280 children <5 years old hospitalised with pneumonia in Auckland, New Zealand...
January 2012: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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