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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024887/towards-a-science-of-global-health-delivery-a-socio-anthropological-framework-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-neglected-tropical-disease-interventions
#1
Kevin Louis Bardosh
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, implementation research and a science of global health delivery have emerged as important vehicles to improve the effectiveness of interventions. Efforts to control neglected tropical diseases (NTD) operate in challenging circumstances and with marginalized populations, making attention to context-specific details particularly relevant. Socio-anthropological insights have much to offer a science of NTD delivery. In this paper, an accessible and actionable framework for understanding NTD intervention effectiveness, based on socio-anthropological research, is presented and its utility for program planning and monitoring and evaluation is outlined...
July 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024661/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-reduces-oxidative-stress-during-the-rehabilitation-of-post-acute-stroke-patients
#2
Natalia Cichoń, Paulina Rzeźnicka, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Sergiusz Miller, Joanna Saluk
BACKGROUND: One of the therapeutic methods used in stroke rehabilitation is magnetotherapy using extremely low frequency and variable pulse shape electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF). OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of magnetotherapy on the condition of postacute stroke patients, as measured by plasma oxidative stress markers and clinical parameters which show the progress of rehabilitation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The selected 57 post-stroke patients were divided into 2 groups, those with ELFEMF therapy and those without...
July 19, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024293/immunosuppressive-therapy-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-borrowed-therapy-in-search-of-the-right-place
#3
Rory M Shallis, Nora Chokr, Maximillian Stahl, Alexander B Pine, Amer M Zeidan
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) encompass a heterogenous collection of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders defined by dysregulated hematopoiesis, peripheral cytopenias, and a risk of leukemic progression. Increasing data support the role of innate and adaptive immune pathways in the pathogenesis and disease course of MDS. The role of immunosuppressive therapy has an established role in the treatment of other hematologic diseases such as aplastic anemia whose pathogenesis is postulated to reflect that of MDS with regards to many aspects of immune activation...
July 19, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024218/can-the-trauma-symptom-inventory-2-distinguish-coached-simulators-from-dissociative-disorder-patients
#4
Cori A Palermo, Bethany L Brand
OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to understand how individuals with complex dissociative disorders (CDD) score on the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2 (TSI-2). These individuals have high elevations on many psychological measures' validity and clinical scales because of the severe traumatic reactions they experience; thus, creating a challenge for clinicians who seek to determine whether these individuals are exaggerating reported symptoms. The second objective was to compare coached CDD simulators to CDD profiles on the TSI-2s clinical and validity scales...
July 19, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022033/prior-object-knowledge-sharpens-properties-of-early-visual-feature-detectors
#5
Christoph Teufel, Steven C Dakin, Paul C Fletcher
Early stages of visual processing are carried out by neural circuits activated by simple and specific features, such as the orientation of an edge. A fundamental question in human vision is how the brain organises such intrinsically local information into meaningful properties of objects. Classic models of visual processing emphasise a one-directional flow of information from early feature-detectors to higher-level information-processing. By contrast to this view, and in line with predictive-coding models of perception, here, we provide evidence from human vision that high-level object representations dynamically interact with the earliest stages of cortical visual processing...
July 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021995/peptide-cellulose-conjugates-on-cotton-based-materials-have-protease-sensor-sequestrant-activity
#6
J Vincent Edwards, Krystal R Fontenot, Falk Liebner, Brian D Condon
The growing incidence of chronic wounds in the world population has prompted increased interest in chronic wound dressings with protease-modulating activity and protease point of care sensors to treat and enable monitoring of elevated protease-based wound pathology. However, the overall design features needed for the combination of a chronic wound dressing that lowers protease activity along with protease detection capability as a single platform for semi-occlusive dressings has scarcely been addressed. The interface of dressing and sensor specific properties (porosity, permeability, moisture uptake properties, specific surface area, surface charge, and detection) relative to sensor bioactivity and protease sequestrant performance is explored here...
July 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021712/the-family-check-up-online-program-for-parents-of-middle-school-students-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Brian G Danaher, John R Seeley, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Milagra S Tyler, Allison S Caruthers, Kevin J Moore, Lucia Cardenas
BACKGROUND: Research has established that skillful family management during adolescence protects youth from a variety of mental health and behavioral problems. Interventions associated with this research have focused on parenting skills as the mediator that links early risk factors with a profile of later behavioral risk, including problem behavior, substance use, and school failure. Fortunately, positive changes in family management skills have been linked to meaningful improvements in adolescent behavior, and these improvements have been significant across a variety of cultural groups...
July 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021710/exploring-user-needs-for-a-mobile-behavioral-sensing-technology-for-depression-management-qualitative-study
#8
Jingbo Meng, Syed Ali Hussain, David C Mohr, Mary Czerwinski, Mi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Today, college students are dealing with depression at some of the highest rates in decades. As the primary mental health service provider, university counseling centers are limited in their capacity and efficiency to provide mental health care due to time constraints and reliance on students' self-reports. A mobile behavioral-sensing platform may serve as a solution to enhance the efficiency and accessibility of university counseling services. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study are to (1) understand the usefulness of a mobile sensing platform (ie, iSee) in improving counseling services and assisting students' self-management of their depression conditions, and (2) explore what types of behavioral targets (ie, meaningful information extracted from raw sensor data) and feedback to deliver from both clinician and students' perspectives...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021643/discovery-and-validation-of-autosomal-dominant-alzheimer-s-disease-mutations
#9
Simon Hsu, Brian A Gordon, Russ Hornbeck, Joanne B Norton, Denise Levitch, Adia Louden, Ellen Ziegemeier, Robert Laforce, Jasmeer Chhatwal, Gregory S Day, Eric McDade, John C Morris, Anne M Fagan, Tammie L S Benzinger, Alison M Goate, Carlos Cruchaga, Randall J Bateman, Celeste M Karch
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease that is clinically characterized by progressive cognitive decline. Mutations in amyloid-β precursor protein (APP), presenilin 1 (PSEN1), and presenilin 2 (PSEN2) are the pathogenic cause of autosomal dominant AD (ADAD). However, polymorphisms also exist within these genes. METHODS: In order to distinguish polymorphisms from pathogenic mutations, the DIAN Expanded Registry has implemented an algorithm for determining ADAD pathogenicity using available information from multiple domains, including genetic, bioinformatic, clinical, imaging, and biofluid measures and in vitro analyses...
July 18, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021458/the-genetic-epidemiology-of-treated-major-depression-in-sweden
#10
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the heritability of treated major depression in a twin and full/half-sibling design, to describe key genetic epidemiological features of major depression and to determine which clinical indices of genetic liability optimally predict risk of depression in relatives. METHOD: The authors examined all treated cases of major depression in Sweden recorded in inpatient, specialist, and primary care registries and, using OpenMx, estimated the etiologic role of genetic and environmental factors from monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs and full and half siblings reared together and apart (total N=1,718,863 pairs)...
July 19, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020997/healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-among-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-biologic-therapies-in-taiwan-a-1-year-mirror-image-study-using-a-national-claims-database
#11
Kuan-Chen Chen, Chu-Hua Wu, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Kuo-Cherh Huang
OBJECTIVES: This nationwide population-based study aimed at evaluating healthcare resource utilization and direct medical costs among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving biologic therapies in Taiwan. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective cohort of 2,425 RA patients who had received first-line tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonist treatment for at least 6 months (the baseline period) between 2007 and 2011 was identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020125/risk-based-hospital-and-surgeon-volume-categories-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Jayme C B Koltsov, Robert G Marx, Emily Bachner, Alexander S McLawhorn, Stephen Lyman
BACKGROUND: Studies of volume-outcome relationships typically subdivide volume via non-evidence-based methods, producing categories that vary widely among studies, preclude the comparison of results, and possibly obscure the true volume-outcome relationships. The goal of the current study was to use quantitative methods to derive meaningful, risk-based categories for hospital and surgeon total hip arthroplasty (THA) volume based on relationships with mortality, complications, and revision...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019814/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#13
Juan V A Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases, trial registries, grey literature and conference proceedings with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017. We included randomised controlled trials. Inclusion criteria were men with a diagnosis of CP/CPPS...
July 18, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019498/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-sitagliptin-compared-with-dapagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-mild-renal-insufficiency-the-composit-r-study
#14
Russell Scott, Jerry Morgan, Zachary Zimmer, Raymond L H Lam, Edward A O'Neill, Keith D Kaufman, Samuel S Engel, Annaswamy Raji
AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin with the SGLT-2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes and mild renal insufficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with HbA1c 7.0 to 9.5% (53 to ≤80 mmol/mol) and eGFR 60 to <90 mL/min/1.73m2 on metformin (≥1500 mg/day) ± sulfonylurea were randomized to sitagliptin 100 mg (N=307) or dapagliflozin 5 mg titrated to 10 mg (N=306) once-daily for 24 weeks. A longitudinal data analysis model was used to test the primary hypothesis that sitagliptin is non-inferior to dapagliflozin in reducing HbA1c at Week 24, with superiority to be tested if non-inferiority is met...
July 18, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019391/complications-and-survival-rates-of-inlays-and-onlays-vs-complete-coverage-restorations-a-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-studies
#15
REVIEW
Georgia I Vagropoulou, Georgia L Klifopoulou, Stefania G Vlahou, Hiroshi Hirayama, Konstantinos Michalakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify if different types of indirect restorations used for single teeth had different biological and technical complications, as well as survival rates. METHOD: An electronic search was performed in various electronic databases to identify articles, published between 1980 and 2017. The search terms were categorized into four groups: inlay, onlay, inlay/onlay and crown. Manual searches of published full-text articles and related reviews were also performed...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018856/evaluation-of-standard-imaging-techniques-and-volumetric-preservation-of-nervous-tissue-in-genetically-identical-offspring-of-the-crayfish-procambarus-fallax-cf-virginalis-marmorkrebs
#16
Emanuel S Nischik, Jakob Krieger
In the field of comparative neuroanatomy, a meaningful interspecific comparison demands quantitative data referring to method-specific artifacts. For evaluating the potential of state-of-the-art imaging techniques in arthropod neuroanatomy, micro-computed X-ray microscopy (μCT) and two different approaches using confocal laser-scanning microscopy (cLSM) were applied to obtain volumetric data of the brain and selected neuropils in Procambarus fallax forma virginalis (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Decapoda). The marbled crayfish P...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018815/patient-reported-outcomes-in-a-phase-ii-north-american-study-of-alectinib-in-patients-with-alk-positive-crizotinib-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, Mark A Socinski, Shirish Gadgeel, Leena Gandhi, Howard West, Alberto Alejandro Chiappori, Victor Cohen, Gregory J Riely, Vlatka Smoljanovic, Walter Bordogna, Elaine Wright, Kendra Debusk, Ali Zeaiter, Alice T Shaw
Background: In a phase II North American study (NP28761; NCT01871805), the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor alectinib demonstrated both systemic and central nervous system (CNS) efficacy with good tolerability in patients with ALK -positive non-small cell lung cancer. We describe patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from the NP28761 study. Patients and methods: PROs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) benefits were assessed using two self-administered questionnaires (the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 30-Item Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core (EORTC QLQ-C30), and the 13-item EORTC QLQ-lung cancer-specific module) at enrolment and every 6 weeks until week 66, disease progression or death...
2018: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018802/latent-profile-analysis-approach-to-the-relationship-between-patient-and-physician-global-assessments-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-activity
#18
George A Karpouzas, Vibeke Strand, Sarah R Ormseth
Objective: Patients and physicians commonly differ in their assessments of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity. Clinically meaningful discordance thresholds or validation of their ability to predict functional outcomes are lacking. We explored whether an unbiased, person-centred latent profile analysis (LPA) approach could classify cases based on patient global assessment (PtGA) and physician global assessment (MDGA) assessments of RA activity. We further examined whether the LPA groups displayed greater differences in clinical outcomes compared with traditional threshold-based groups...
2018: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018607/enzymatic-study-of-linoleic-and-alpha-linolenic-acids-biohydrogenation-by-chloramphenicol-treated-mixed-rumen-bacterial-species
#19
Annabelle Meynadier, Asma Zened, Yves Farizon, Marie-Luce Chemit, Francis Enjalbert
In the rumen, dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are reduced by a multistage reaction called biohydrogenation (BH). BH leads to a high proportion of saturated fat in ruminant products, but also products some potential bioactive intermediates like conjugated linoleic and linolenic acids. BH is composed of two kinds of reactions: first an isomerization of PUFA followed by reductions (two for linoleic acid, C18:2n-6; three for α-linolenic acid, C18:3n-3). There is little knowledge about BH enzymes as BH bacterial species are the subject of a lot of studies...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018580/testing-measurement-and-factor-structure-invariance-of-the-physical-activity-and-leisure-motivation-scale-for-youth-across-gender
#20
Yee Cheng Kueh, Nurzulaikha Abdullah, Garry Kuan, Tony Morris, Nyi Nyi Naing
Measurement equivalence is often assumed across comparison groups, a pervasive problem related to many self-report instruments. Measurement equivalence, also known as measurement invariance, implies that a measure has the same meaning across different groups of people. In this study, we aimed to examine the measurement and structural invariance among gender of the Malay version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale for Youth (PALMS-Y-M). Seven-hundred-and-eighty-three secondary school students (female = 57...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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