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H K Patterson, R H Carmichael
RATIONALE: Extraction of lipids from tissues prior to carbon stable isotope analysis (SIA) has become a common practice, despite a lack of species-specific data to indicate when lipid extraction is needed. Marine invertebrates, including bivalves, are known to store carbon as glycogen and less in the form of lipids than other species, potentially reducing the need for lipid extraction even when C:N values are above 3.5, a value that previous studies suggest indicates a need for lipid extraction of animal tissues...
October 5, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
R Hofmann-Lehmann, N Wagmann, M L Meli, B Riond, M Novacco, D Joekel, F Gentilini, F Marsilio, M G Pennisi, A Lloret, T Carrapiço, F S Boretti
'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' is an emerging tick-borne zoonotic agent that primarily affects immunocompromised human patients. Dogs and foxes are frequently exposed to ticks, and both species are in close proximity to humans. This is the first study to systematically investigate the occurrence of 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis' in Canidae in Europa. We analyzed 1'739 blood samples from dogs in Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Portugal and 162 blood samples from free-ranging red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Switzerland...
October 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Matthias Bruchhausen, Jean-Marc Lapetite, Stefan Ripplinger, Tim Austin
Raw data from small punch tensile/fracture tests at two displacement rates in the temperature range from -196 °C to room temperature on Grade 91 ferritic/martensitic steel are presented. A number of specimens were analyzed after testing by means of X-ray computed tomography (CT). Based on the CT volume data detailed 3D surface maps of the specimens were established. All data are open access and available from Online Data Information Network (ODIN) The data presented in the current work has been analyzed in the research article "On the determination of the ductile to brittle transition temperature from small punch tests on Grade 91 ferritic-martensitic steel" (M...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Michael A Ainslie, Timothy G Leighton
The set of formulations commonly known as "the sonar equations" have for many decades been used to quantify the performance of sonar systems in terms of their ability to detect and localize objects submerged in seawater. The efficacy of the sonar equations, with individual terms evaluated in decibels, is well established in Earth's oceans. The sonar equations have been used in the past for missions to other planets and moons in the solar system, for which they are shown to be less suitable. While it would be preferable to undertake high-fidelity acoustical calculations to support planning, execution, and interpretation of acoustic data from planetary probes, to avoid possible errors for planned missions to such extraterrestrial bodies in future, doing so requires awareness of the pitfalls pointed out in this paper...
August 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Ismael San Mauro Martin, Paula Mendive Dubourdieu, Víctor Paredes Barato, Elena Garicano Vilar
Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental.Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente.Métodos:se realizó una encuesta a 522 sujetos, de tres continentes (Asia, Europa y Latinoamérica) en tres idiomas (español, inglés y chino) a través de Internet. Se realizaron preguntas acerca de la tolerancia al picante, el gusto por los alimentos picantes, su uso, la edad de comienzo de consumo, el gusto del padre y de la madre y si ella lo consumía durante el embarazo y/o lactancia...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jay Nadeau, Chris Lindensmith, Jody W Deming, Vicente I Fernandez, Roman Stocker
Meaningful motion is an unambiguous biosignature, but because life in the Solar System is most likely to be microbial, the question is whether such motion may be detected effectively on the micrometer scale. Recent results on microbial motility in various Earth environments have provided insight into the physics and biology that determine whether and how microorganisms as small as bacteria and archaea swim, under which conditions, and at which speeds. These discoveries have not yet been reviewed in an astrobiological context...
October 2016: Astrobiology
Ayrton R Massaro, Gregory Y H Lippp
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, with an estimated prevalence of 1-2% in North America and Europe. The increased prevalence of AF in Latin America is associated with an ageing general population, along with poor control of key risk factors, including hypertension. As a result, stroke prevalence and associated mortality have increased dramatically in the region. Therefore, the need for effective anticoagulation strategies in Latin America is clear. The aim of this review is to provide a contemporary overview of anticoagulants for stroke prevention...
August 11, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Martin Bertau, Peter Froehlich, Beate Brett, Tom Lorenz, Gunther Martin
Dieser Aufsatz gibt einen Überblick über Wertmetalle, deren Versorgungslage für Europa als kritisch eingestuft wird. Aufbauend auf einer Darstellung des Stands der Technik werden neue Ansätze, vornehmlich seit 2005, zur Gewinnung aus Primärrohstoffen vorgestellt und die Recyclingverfahren diskutiert. Ausgehend von den jeweiligen Lagerstätten bzw. der Mineralchemie wird aufgezeigt, welche Strategien zur Gewinnung der Metalle verfolgt werden. Außerdem wird auf die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung und Verwendung der Metalle eingegangen...
August 11, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
J Brugts, R Ferrari
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are known to provide significant benefits on cardiovascular event reduction and survival by regulating the balance between bradykinin and angiotensin II. We performed a combined analysis of three randomized trials including the ACE inhibitor perindopril to determine the variability of the response to treatment depending on age. DESIGN AND METHOD: In the ADVANCE, EUROPA and PROGRESS trials, we analyzed the age-dependent of perindopril on the composite endpoint of cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction and stroke compared to placebo with multivariate Cox regression...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Bruce Kirkham, Khaldoun Chaabo, Christopher Hall, Toby Garrood, Timothy Mant, Elizabeth Allen, Alexandra Vincent, Joana C Vasconcelos, Andrew T Prevost, Gabriel S Panayi, Valerie M Corrigall
OBJECTIVES: Binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP) is a human endoplasmic reticulum-resident stress protein. In pre-clinical studies it has anti-inflammatory properties due to the induction of regulatory cells. This randomized placebo-controlled, dose ascending double blind phase I/IIA trial of BiP in patients with active RA, who had failed accepted therapies, had the primary objective of safety. Potential efficacy was measured by DAS28-ESR and changes in biomarkers. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with active RA who had failed one or more DMARDs were sequentially assigned to three groups each of eight patients randomly allocated to receive placebo (two patients) or BiP (six patients), 1, 5 or 15 mg...
August 7, 2016: Rheumatology
L Beer, H Prosch
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in Europa and the USA. In approximately 75 % of lung cancer patients, bronchogenic carcinoma is detected at an advanced tumor stage; therefore, therapeutic options which aim at curing the disease in these patients are limited and treatment is mostly palliative. A relatively good prognosis is reserved for the minority of patients where the tumor is detected at an early stage and treatment is potentially curative. For this reason, early diagnosis of lung cancer could save lives...
September 2016: Der Radiologe
Joana Ribeiro, Maria João Cardoso
The Tenth European Breast Cancer Conference, EBCC 10, was held in Amsterdam in March 2016 with a total of 3061 participants from 95 different countries spread over five continents. The EBCC council is a joint venture of ESO, EORTC Breast Cancer Group, EUSOMA, and Europa Donna. The Scientific Programme for EBCC-10 tried to bring to the stage all the active participants in the diagnostic and treatment of breast cancer along with patients themselves. The need to achieve 'patient's access to high quality treatment' through breast units that have been accredited through a European certification process was the basis of the EBCC 10 manifesto...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
D Smith
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Effective and safe long term treatment options are required to manage the illness successfully. A number of systemic agents are available, however, each of them has potentially significant side effects. Fumaric acid esters (FAE) are used first line in Germany for the management of moderate to severe psoriasis, however, their use in Ireland is on an unlicensed basis (Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 37:786-801, 2012)...
June 7, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Michel E Bertrand, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Jean-Jacques Mourad
Statins, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have markedly changed the clinical progression of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The goal of this paper is to review the rationale and evidence for combining these three drug classes in hypertensive patients with hypercholesterolemia or CAD. Data sources include a literature search for publications on the use of a statin combined with various antihypertensive drugs in patients with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia or stable CAD...
August 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Marina Radrizzani, Sabrina Soncin, Viviana Lo Cicero, Gabriella Andriolo, Sara Bolis, Lucia Turchetto
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSC) are promising candidates for the development of cell-based therapies for various diseases and are currently being evaluated in a number of clinical trials (Sharma et al., Transfusion 54:1418-1437, 2014; Ikebe and Suzuki, Biomed Res Int 2014:951512, 2014). MSC for therapeutic applications are classified as advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) (Regulation (EC) No 1394/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2007 on advanced therapy medicinal products and amending Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No 726/2004) and must be prepared according to good manufacturing practices ( http://ec...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Markus Keller, Stine Müller
Die Praxis vegetarischer Ernährungsformen ist in Deutschland im letzten Jahrzehnt deutlich angestiegen. Allerdings ist der Anteil vegetarischer und veganer Kinder dabei unbekannt. Studien mit Erwachsenen zeigen das präventive Potenzial, aber auch potenzielle Schwachstellen pflanzenbasierter Kostformen. Die Vorteile und Risiken einer vegetarischen bzw. veganen Ernährung im Kindesalter wurden bisher jedoch relativ selten untersucht. Außerdem lassen das unterschiedliche Alter der Kinder, das heterogene Studiendesign sowie die teilweise geringe Probandenzahl der Studien keine verbindlichen Aussagen zu...
2016: Forschende Komplementärmedizin, Research in Complementary Medicine
Hólmfridur Helgadóttir, David C Metz, Sigrún H Lund, Sveinbjorn Gizurarson, Elin I Jacobsen, Gudrún A Asgeirsdóttir, Yrsa Yngadóttir, Einar S Björnsson
GOALS: To determine the proportion of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who are on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) who could reduce their prior dosage by half, and identify predictors of successful step-down. BACKGROUND: Appropriate hypergastrinemia results from gastric acid inhibition. A gender difference in fasting gastrin with higher levels among women than among men on long-term PPI therapy has been demonstrated. STUDY: Patients with endoscopically verified erosive esophagitis on long-term PPI therapy were randomized double blindly to step down their dose by half or continue with the same dose for 8 weeks...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Ph Demaeyer
Medicine owes many to Hippocrate, but pneumology traces its origin back to antiquity, from Mesopotamia to ancient Rome. Regarding prehistory: if viscera of this period have not been kept, some bones were. Since Neanderthals, it is then possible to study osteoarticular pathologies (often chronic arthrosis). But no evidence of tuberculosis was found (all thoracic kyphosis are not tuberculosis). Tuberculosis probably appears during the Neolithic age, because of high concentration of population. In ancient times, pneumology was of course not a real medical specialty...
January 2016: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
C Vedel, H Larsen, A Holmskov, K R Andreasen, N Uldbjerg, J Ramb, B Bødker, L Skibsted, L Sperling, L Krebs, H Zingenberg, L Laursen, J T Christensen, A Tabor, L Rode
OBJECTIVES: To perform a neurophysiological follow-up at 48 or 60 months of age in children exposed prenatally to progesterone compared with a placebo and evaluate their medical histories up to 8 years of age. METHODS: In this study, Danish participants of the PREDICT study, including 989 surviving children from 498 twin pregnancies, were followed-up. PREDICT was a placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial examining the effect of progesterone for prevention of preterm delivery in unselected twin pregnancies...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sabita Uthaya, Xinxue Liu, Daphne Babalis, Caroline J Doré, Jane Warwick, Jimmy Bell, Louise Thomas, Deborah Ashby, Giuliana Durighel, Ash Ederies, Monica Yanez-Lopez, Neena Modi
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition is central to the care of very immature infants. Current international recommendations favor higher amino acid intakes and fish oil-containing lipid emulsions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to compare 1) the effects of high [immediate recommended daily intake (Imm-RDI)] and low [incremental introduction of amino acids (Inc-AAs)] parenteral amino acid delivery within 24 h of birth on body composition and 2) the effect of a multicomponent lipid emulsion containing 30% soybean oil, 30% medium-chain triglycerides, 25% olive oil, and 15% fish oil (SMOF) with that of soybean oil (SO)-based lipid emulsion on intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) content...
June 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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