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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586678/polar-oceans-in-a-changing-climate
#1
David K A Barnes, Geraint A Tarling
Most of Earth's surface is blue or white, but how much of each would depend on the time of observation. Our planet has been through phases of snowball (all frozen), greenhouse (all liquid seas) and icehouse (frozen and liquid). Even during current icehouse conditions, the extent of ice versus water has changed considerably between ice ages and interglacial periods. Water has been vital for life on Earth and has driven and been influenced by transitions between greenhouse and icehouse. However, neither the possession of water nor having liquid and frozen seas are unique to Earth (Figure 1)...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585310/direct-acting-antivirals-for-chronic-hepatitis-c
#2
REVIEW
Janus C Jakobsen, Emil Eik Nielsen, Joshua Feinberg, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Kristina Fobian, Goran Hauser, Goran Poropat, Snezana Djurisic, Karl Heinz Weiss, Milica Bjelakovic, Goran Bjelakovic, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jian Ping Liu, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Ronald L Koretz, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Millions of people worldwide suffer from hepatitis C, which can lead to severe liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are relatively new and expensive interventions for chronic hepatitis C, and preliminary results suggest that DAAs may eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) from the blood (sustained virological response). However, it is still questionable if eradication of hepatitis C virus in the blood eliminates hepatitis C in the body, and improves survival and leads to fewer complications...
June 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543691/emergent-macrophytes-modify-the-abundance-and-community-composition-of-ammonia-oxidizers-in-their-rhizosphere-sediments
#3
Dayong Zhao, Xiaowei He, Rui Huang, Wenming Yan, Zhongbo Yu
Ammonia oxidation is a crucial process in global nitrogen cycling, which is catalyzed by the ammonia oxidizers. Emergent plants play important roles in the freshwater ecosystem. Therefore, it is meaningful to investigate the effects of emergent macrophytes on the abundance and community composition of ammonia oxidizers. In the present study, two commonly found emergent macrophytes (Zizania caduciflora and Phragmitas communis) were obtained from freshwater lakes and the abundance and community composition of the ammonia-oxidizing prokaryotes in the rhizosphere sediments of these emergent macrophytes were investigated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520473/a-new-method-and-mass-spectrometric-instrument-for-extraterrestrial-microbial-life-detection-using-the-elemental-composition-analyses-of-martian-regolith-and-permafrost-ice
#4
G G Managadze, A A Safronova, K A Luchnikov, E A Vorobyova, N S Duxbury, P Wurz, N G Managadze, A E Chumikov, R Kh Khamizov
We propose a new technique for the detection of microorganisms by elemental composition analyses of a sample extracted from regolith, permafrost, and ice of extraterrestrial bodies. We also describe the design of the ABIMAS instrument, which consists of the onboard time-of-flight laser mass-reflectron (TOF LMR) and the sample preparation unit (SPU) for biomass extraction. This instrument was initially approved to fly on board the ExoMars 2020 lander mission. The instrument can be used to analyze the elemental composition of possible extraterrestrial microbial communities and compare it to that of terrestrial microorganisms...
May 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492251/multi-phase-volcanic-resurfacing-at-loki-patera-on-io
#5
K de Kleer, M Skrutskie, J Leisenring, A G Davies, A Conrad, I de Pater, A Resnick, V Bailey, D Defrère, P Hinz, A Skemer, E Spalding, A Vaz, C Veillet, C E Woodward
The Jovian moon Io hosts the most powerful persistently active volcano in the Solar System, Loki Patera. The interior of this volcanic, caldera-like feature is composed of a warm, dark floor covering 21,500 square kilometres surrounding a much cooler central 'island'. The temperature gradient seen across areas of the patera indicates a systematic resurfacing process, which has been seen to occur typically every one to three years since the 1980s. Analysis of past data has indicated that the resurfacing progressed around the patera in an anti-clockwise direction at a rate of one to two kilometres per day, and that it is caused either by episodic eruptions that emplace voluminous lava flows or by a cyclically overturning lava lake contained within the patera...
May 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449891/the-european-medicines-agency-review-of-pitolisant-for-treatment-of-narcolepsy-summary-of-the-scientific-assessment-by-the-committee-for-medicinal-products-for-human-use
#6
Marta Kollb-Sielecka, Pierre Demolis, Joseph Emmerich, Greg Markey, Tomas Salmonson, Manuel Haas
On 31 March 2016, the European Commission issued a decision for a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union (EU) for pitolisant (Wakix) for the treatment of narcolepsy with or without cataplexy in adults. Pitolisant is an antagonist/inverse agonist of the human histamine H3 receptor. The dose should be selected using an up-titration scheme depending on individual patient response and tolerance and should not exceed 36 mg/day. The main evidence of efficacy of pitolisant was based on two Phase III clinical trials...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426013/fake-drug-crackdown-tackling-misconduct-and-europa-s-plumes
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380051/first-hiv-prevalence-estimates-of-a-representative-sample-of-adult-sub-saharan-african-migrants-in-a-european-city-results-of-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-antwerp-belgium
#8
Jasna Loos, Christiana Nöstlinger, Bea Vuylsteke, Jessika Deblonde, Morgan Ndungu, Ilse Kint, Lazare Manirankunda, Thijs Reyniers, Dorothy Adobea, Marie Laga, Robert Colebunders
INTRODUCTION: While sub-Saharan African migrants are the second largest group affected by HIV in Europe, sound HIV prevalence estimates based on representative samples of these heterogeneous communities are lacking. Such data are needed to inform prevention and public health policy. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional study combined oral fluid HIV testing with an electronic behavioral survey. Adopting a two-stage time location sampling HIV prevalence estimates for a representative sample of adult sub-Saharan African migrants in Antwerp, Belgium were obtained...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282216/remote-sensing-of-potential-biosignatures-from-rocky-liquid-or-icy-exo-planetary-surfaces
#9
Olivier Poch, Joachim Frey, Isabel Roditi, Antoine Pommerol, Bernhard Jost, Nicolas Thomas
To detect signs of life by remote sensing on objects of our Solar System and on exoplanets, the characterization of light scattered by surface life material could complement possible clues given by the atmospheric composition. We reviewed the reflectance spectra of a broad selection of major biomolecules that constitute terrestrial carbon-based life from 0.4 to 2.4 μm, and we discuss their detectability through atmospheric spectral windows. Biomolecule features in the near-infrared (0.8-2.4 μm) will likely be obscured by water spectral features and some atmospheric gases...
March 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259857/auditory-training-changes-temporal-lobe-connectivity-in-wernicke-s-aphasia-a-randomised-trial
#10
Zoe Vj Woodhead, Jennifer Crinion, Sundeep Teki, Will Penny, Cathy J Price, Alexander P Leff
INTRODUCTION: Aphasia is one of the most disabling sequelae after stroke, occurring in 25%-40% of stroke survivors. However, there remains a lack of good evidence for the efficacy or mechanisms of speech comprehension rehabilitation. TRIAL DESIGN: This within-subjects trial tested two concurrent interventions in 20 patients with chronic aphasia with speech comprehension impairment following left hemisphere stroke: (1) phonological training using 'Earobics' software and (2) a pharmacological intervention using donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114795/efficacy-and-safety-of-apt198k-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-colic-a-pilot-study
#11
Yvan Vandenplas, Anca Bacarea, Marius Marusteri, Vlad Bacarea, Mariana Constantin, Mihai Manolache
AIM: Comparing efficacy and safety of APT198K (xyloglucan plus heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri SGL01 and Bifidobacterium brevis SGB01) versus a lactase dietary supplement as first-line treatment of infantile colic. METHODS: Randomized, multicenter, open-label, parallel group, active-controlled study, in 46 infants aged 3-16 weeks with infantile colic, receiving APT198K or a lactase dietary supplement for 10 days. RESULTS: Number and duration of crying episodes decreased significantly versus baseline in both groups...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052055/penitentes-as-the-origin-of-the-bladed-terrain-of-tartarus-dorsa-on-pluto
#12
John E Moores, Christina L Smith, Anthony D Toigo, Scott D Guzewich
Penitentes are snow and ice features formed by erosion that, on Earth, are characterized by bowl-shaped depressions several tens of centimetres across, whose edges grade into spires up to several metres tall. Penitentes have been suggested as an explanation for anomalous radar data on Europa, but until now no penitentes have been identified conclusively on planetary bodies other than Earth. Regular ridges with spacings of 3,000 to 5,000 metres and depths of about 500 metres with morphologies that resemble penitentes have been observed by the New Horizons spacecraft in the Tartarus Dorsa region of Pluto (220°-250° E, 0°-20° N)...
January 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004694/hope-springs-eternal-for-easy-access-to-water-on-europa
#13
Lee Billings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000483/par%C3%A3-metros-antropom%C3%A3-tricos-de-los-reclutas-espa%C3%A3-oles-antes-de-la-transici%C3%A3-n-nutricional-an%C3%A3-lisis-de-las-desigualdades-territoriales-1858-1913
#14
José Miguel Martínez Carrión, Antonio D Cámara, Pedro María Pérez-Castroviejo
Objetivo: analizar la geografía del estado nutricional en España y su evolución entre mediados del siglo xixy comienzos del siglo xx, etapa previa a la transición nutricional con alta prevalencia de malnutrición.Métodos: se utilizan datos antropométricos agregados (promedios provinciales de estatura) del reclutamiento militar en 1858 y 1913, así como promedios provinciales de estatura y peso procedentes de una revisión realizada entre 119.571 soldados en 1903-1906. Con estos datos se elaboran cartografía y estadísticos descriptivos...
December 12, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998352/linda-ratschiller%C3%A2-and-siegfried-weichlein%C3%A2-eds-der-schwarze-k%C3%A3-rper-als-missionsgebiet-medizin-ethnologie-theologie-in-afrika-und-europa-1880-1960-cologne-weimar-vienna-b%C3%A3-hlau-2016-pp-189-c-35-00-paperback-isbn-978-3-412-50166-2
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974058/effect-of-heavy-equipment-aided-environmental-nebulization-on-aedes-aegypti-vectors-of-dengue-zika-and-chikungunya-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
R Piovezan, J Paulo O Acorinthe, A Visockas, T S de Azevedo, C J Von Zuben
The control of dengue constitutes a great challenge for public health; however, the methods normally used have shown themselves to be insufficient to keep the indices of infestation of Aedes aegypti under control. Recently, beyond the large number of cases and deaths associated with dengue, new risks have arisen such as those represented by chikungunya fever and Zika. In the light of the great significance of these problems within the public health context, two areas in a municipality in the interior of the State of São Paulo, Brazil were selected in 2014...
December 15, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928825/patient-involvement-in-own-rehabilitation-after-early-discharge
#17
Britta Hørdam, Merete Watt Boolsen
BACKGROUND: A European Union Commission report in 2015 concluded that the concept of patient involvement refers specially to the right of patients to have a central position in the healthcare process (EU Commission 2012, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/quali/ql_5937_patient_en.pdf). Recent research suggests that patient involvement after hip replacement is a very effective strategy in older adults with regard to improving walking ability and reducing pain and thereby lessening loss of physical, mental and social aspects of the quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879101/kompressionstherapie-bei-patienten-mit-ulcus-cruris-venosum
#18
REVIEW
Joachim Dissemond, Bernd Assenheimer, Anke Bültemann, Veronika Gerber, Silvia Gretener, Elisabeth Kohler-von Siebenthal, Sonja Koller, Knut Kröger, Peter Kurz, Severin Läuchli, Christian Münter, Eva-Maria Panfil, Sebastian Probst, Kerstin Protz, Gunnar Riepe, Robert Strohal, Jürg Traber, Hugo Partsch
Wund-D.A.CH. ist der Dachverband deutschsprachiger Fachgesellschaften, die sich mit den Thematiken der Wundbehandlung beschäftigen. Experten verschiedener Fachgesellschaften aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz haben nun einen aktuellen Konsens der Kompressionstherapie für Patienten mit Ulcus cruris venosum erstellt. In Europa ist das Ulcus cruris venosum eine der häufigsten Ursachen für chronische Wunden. Neben der konservativen und interventionellen Wund- und Venentherapie, ist die Kompressionstherapie die Basis der Behandlungsstrategien...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856323/opinion-of-the-scientific-committee-on-consumer-safety-sccs-final-version-of-the-opinion-on-vitamin-a-retinol-retinyl-acetate-and-retinyl-palmitate-in-cosmetic-products
#19
Christophe Rousselle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854006/mammography-an-update-of-the-eusobi-recommendations-on-information-for-women
#20
Francesco Sardanelli, Eva M Fallenberg, Paola Clauser, Rubina M Trimboli, Julia Camps-Herrero, Thomas H Helbich, Gabor Forrai
This article summarises the information to be offered to women about mammography. After a delineation of the aim of early diagnosis of breast cancer, the difference between screening mammography and diagnostic mammography is explained. The need to bring images and reports from the previous mammogram (and from other recent breast imaging examinations) is highlighted. Mammography technique and procedure are described with particular attention to discomfort and pain experienced by a small number of women who undergo the test...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
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