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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214362/is-there-an-association-between-verbal-school-bullying-and-possible-sleep-bruxism-in-adolescents
#1
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Corrêa-Faria, Livia Bonfim Fulgêncio, Saul Martins Paiva, Daniele Manfredini
The aim of this study was to determine the association between verbal school bullying and possible sleep bruxism (SB) in adolescents. A case-control study was carried out at the population level by recruiting 13- to 15-year old participants among the attendants of schools of Itabira, Brazil. The case group was composed of 103 adolescents with possible SB (i.e., self- or parental-reported), while the control group included 206 adolescents without possible SB. All participants answered a questionnaire on the occurrence of their involvement in verbal school bullying episodes, based on the National School of Health Research (PeNSE) as well as an evaluation of their economic class according to the criteria of the Brazilian Association of Research Companies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194041/initial-development-and-validation-of-the-bullyharm-the-bullying-harassment-and-aggression-receipt-measure
#2
William J Hall
This article describes the development and preliminary validation of the Bullying, Harassment, and Aggression Receipt Measure (BullyHARM). The development of the BullyHARM involved a number of steps and methods, including a literature review, expert review, cognitive testing, readability testing, data collection from a large sample, reliability testing, and confirmatory factor analysis. A sample of 275 middle school students was used to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the BullyHARM, which consists of 22 items and 6 subscales: physical bullying, verbal bullying, social/relational bullying, cyber-bullying, property bullying, and sexual bullying...
November 2016: Psychology in the Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188382/cyberbullying-a-storm-in-a-teacup
#3
Dieter Wolke, Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy
Cyberbullying has been portrayed as a rising 'epidemic' amongst children and adolescents. But does it create many new victims beyond those already bullied with traditional means (physical, relational)? Our aim was to determine whether cyberbullying creates uniquely new victims, and whether it has similar impact upon psychological and behavioral outcomes for adolescents, beyond those experienced by traditional victims. This study assessed 2745 pupils, aged 11-16, from UK secondary schools. Pupils completed an electronic survey that measured bullying involvement, self-esteem and behavioral problems...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#4
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168692/risk-factors-in-the-development-of-behaviour-difficulties-among-students-with-special-educational-needs-and-disabilities-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Jeremy Oldfield, Neil Humphrey, Judith Hebron
BACKGROUND: Students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) are more likely to exhibit behaviour difficulties than their typically developing peers. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify specific risk factors that influence variability in behaviour difficulties among individuals with SEND. SAMPLE: The study sample comprised 4,228 students with SEND, aged 5-15, drawn from 305 primary and secondary schools across England...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147459/a-multilevel-statewide-investigation-of-school-district-anti-bullying-policy-quality-and-student-bullying-involvement
#6
Amy L Gower, Molly Cousin, Iris W Borowsky
BACKGROUND: Although nearly all states in the United States require school districts to adopt anti-bullying policies, little research examines the effect of these policies on student bullying and health. Using a statewide sample, we investigated associations between the quality of school district anti-bullying policies and student bullying involvement and adjustment. METHODS: School district anti-bullying policies (N = 208) were coded for their quality based on established criteria...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147302/perceived-barriers-that-prevent-high-school-students-seeking-help-from-teachers-for-bullying-and-their-effects-on-disclosure-intentions
#7
Michael J Boulton, Louise Boulton, James Down, Jessica Sanders, Helen Craddock
Many adolescents choose not to tell teachers when they have been bullied. Three studies with 12-16 year-old English adolescents addressed possible reasons. In study 1, students (N = 411, 208 females/203 males) identified reasons with no prompting. Three perceived negative outcomes were common; peers would disapprove, disclosers would feel weak/undermined, and disclosers desired autonomy. In study 2, students (N = 297, 153 females/134 males/10 unspecified) indicated how much they believed that the perceived negative outcomes would happen to them, and a substantial proportion did so...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146174/bullying-and-associated-factors-in-adolescents-in-the-southeast-region-according-to-the-national-school-based-health-survey
#8
Flávia Carvalho Malta Mello, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Marilurdes Silva Farias, Lidiane Cristina da Silva Alencastro, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of bullying from the perspective of victims in students from the Southeast region of Brazil and analyze its association with individual variables and family context. Methods: Information on 19,660 adolescents from the National School-based Health Survey was analyzed, calculating the association between bullying and sociodemographic variables, risk behaviors, mental health, and family background. Multivariate analysis and the calculation of odds ratio and confidence intervals were performed...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#9
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132799/food-allergy-related-risk-taking-and-management-behaviors-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Christopher M Warren, Ashley A Dyer, Alana K Otto, Bridget M Smith, Kristen Kauke, Chitra Dinakar, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) affects 8% of children and adolescents in the United States. Nearly 40% of those affected have experienced severe reactions. Fatal food-induced anaphylaxis is most common among adolescents and young adults (AYA); however, FA-related risk behaviors persist in this population and factors associated with these behaviors remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To characterize FA-related risk-taking and self-management behaviors of AYA with FA. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 200 AYA with FA...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131946/does-defending-come-with-a-cost-examining-the-psychosocial-correlates-of-defending-behaviour-among-bystanders-of-bullying-in-a-canadian-sample
#11
Laura J Lambe, Chloe C Hudson, Wendy M Craig, Debra J Pepler
Bullying is a form of interpersonal trauma that impacts all parties involved, including the youth who witness the bullying. Some bystanders choose to intervene and defend the child being bullied. Defending may be positively associated with psychosocial difficulties because youth are becoming more involved in a traumatic event, or because youth may be actively coping with the distress elicited from witnessing bullying; however, the link between defending and psychosocial difficulties has not yet been examined...
January 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130693/social-capital-and-bystander-behavior-in-bullying-internalizing-problems-as-a-barrier-to-prosocial-intervention
#12
Lyndsay N Jenkins, Stephanie Secord Fredrick
Theory and research suggests that individuals with greater social capital (i.e., resources and benefits gained from relationships, experiences, and social interactions) may be more likely to be active, prosocial bystanders in bullying situations. Therefore, the goal of the current study was to examine the association of social capital (social support and social skills) with prosocial bystander behavior, and the role of internalizing problems as a potential barrier to this relation among 299 students (45.8% girls, 95% White) in sixth, seventh, and eighth grades...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114811/bullying-in-schools-the-state-of-knowledge-and-effective-interventions
#13
Ersilia Menesini, Christina Salmivalli
During the school years, bullying is one of the most common expressions of violence in the peer context. Research on bullying started more than forty years ago, when the phenomenon was defined as 'aggressive, intentional acts carried out by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him- or herself'. Three criteria are relevant in order to define aggressive behaviour as bullying: (1) repetition, (2) intentionality and (3) an imbalance of power. Given these characteristics, bullying is often defined as systematic abuse of power by peers...
January 24, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110866/adolescent-weight-status-associations-with-structural-and-functional-dimensions-of-social-relations
#14
Heidi Hjort Kjelgaard, Bjørn Evald Holstein, Pernille Due, Carina Sjöberg Brixval, Mette Rasmussen
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between weight status and structural and functional dimensions of social relations among 11- to 15-year-old girls and boys. METHODS: Analyses were based on cross-sectional data from the Danish contribution to the international Health Behavior in School-aged Children study 2010. The study population (n = 4,922) included students in the fifth, seventh, and ninth grade from a representative sample of Danish schools. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to study the associations between weight status and social relations, supported by a conceptual framework for the study of social relations...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105964/bullying-and-victimization-the-effect-of-close-companionship
#15
Sabine A M Veldkamp, Elsje van Bergen, Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels
Peer bullying and victimization are a widespread phenomenon among school-age children and can have detrimental effects on the development of children. To examine whether having a close companion during childhood increases or decreases risk of victimization and bullying, this study compared twins to singleton children. A large group of twins (n = 9,909) were included who were compared to their related non-twin siblings (n = 1,534) aged 7-12 from the Netherlands Twin Register, thus creating optimal matching between twins and non-twins...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097838/bullying-at-school-agreement-between-caregivers-and-children-s-perception
#16
Lucas G Durán, Jordán C Scherñuk Schroh, Estefanía P Panizoni, Ezequiel F Jouglard, M Gabriela Serralunga, M Eugenia Esandi
INTRODUCTION: Bullying at school is usually kept secret from adults, making them unaware of the situation. OBJECTIVE: To describe caregivers' and children's perception and assess their agreement in terms of bullying situations. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in children aged 8-12 years old attending public schools and their caregivers. The questionnaire on preconceptions of intimidation and bullying among peers (PRECONCIMEI) (child/caregiver version) was used...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076925/the-association-between-electronic-bullying-and-school-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#17
Erin Grinshteyn, Y T Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. METHODS: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent in the last month due to feeling unsafe at/in transit to school. The model controlled for other predictors of school absence including demographics, physical/behavioral health, and risk factors...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#18
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064513/temporal-patterns-and-predictors-of-bullying-roles-among-adolescents-in-vietnam-a-school-based-cohort-study
#19
Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P Dunne, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nam T Tran
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined bullying experiences and correlated factors among adolescents in schools, relatively little is known about the extent to which bullying roles are stable or fluid over time. This short-term quantitative longitudinal study in Vietnam examined temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles over an academic year. A total of 1424 middle and high school students aged 12-17 years completed two anonymous, self-administered questionnaires six months apart in 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056616/adolescents-transitioning-to-high-school
#20
Susan G Williams, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan
Adolescents transitioning to high school may be at greater risk of depression and suicide if they are victims of bullying behavior. This study explored sex differences in bullying victimization (physical, verbal/social, and cyberbullying) and the impact on depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors in ninth-grade students ( N = 233). Females reported significantly more verbal/social and cyberbullying than male students. There were no significant sex differences in physical bullying; male students who reported physical bullying victimization were more likely to experience depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
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