keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

school bullying

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#1
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898705/relationships-of-bullying-involvement-with-intelligence-attention-and-executive-function-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Tai-Ling Liu, Nai-Wen Guo, Ray C Hsiao, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study investigated the relationship of bullying victimization and perpetration with the levels of intelligence, attention, and executive function in children who had received a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The experiences of bullying involvement in 105 children with ADHD were assessed using the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire. Their scores for four intelligence indexes on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 4th Edition-Chinese version were determined...
September 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891219/the-health-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-are-looked-after-findings-from-a-face-to-face-survey-in-glasgow
#3
Sharon Vincent, Michael Jopling
Evidence suggests children and young people who are looked after (LACYP) may have poorer health outcomes than children and young people in the general population, particularly in relation to mental health. This paper discusses findings from a survey of the health and well-being of LACYP in Glasgow. A structured questionnaire used in the 2010 Glasgow Schools Survey (GSS) was adapted and administered in face-to-face interviews with 130 young people aged 11-18 in 2014-2015 to investigate various aspects of health and well-being including physical activity, diet and sleep, smoking, alcohol and drugs, health feelings and worries, behaviours, attitudes and expectations...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890740/public-attitudes-towards-moral-enhancement-evidence-that-means-matter-morally
#4
Jona Specker, Maartje H N Schermer, Peter B Reiner
To gain insight into the reasons that the public may have for endorsing or eschewing pharmacological moral enhancement for themselves or for others, we used empirical tools to explore public attitudes towards these issues. Participants (N = 293) from the United States were recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk and were randomly assigned to read one of several contrastive vignettes in which a 13-year-old child is described as bullying another student in school and then is offered an empathy-enhancing program...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888501/the-effectiveness-of-assertiveness-training-for-school-aged-children-on-bullying-and-assertiveness-level
#5
Fatma Avşar, Sultan Ayaz Alkaya
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an assertive training for school-aged children on peer bullying and assertiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental design using pre- and post-testing was conducted. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, an assertiveness scale, and the peer victimization scale. The training program was comprised of eight sessions which were implemented to intervention group. RESULTS: Descriptive characteristics were not statistically different between the groups (p>0...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876480/types-and-nature-of-parental-support-for-overweight-students-to-cope-with-weight-related-teasing
#6
Qi Zhao, Weidong Li, Paul B Rukavina
BACKGROUND: Parental support can protect adolescents from various forms of bullying. There is a lack of in-depth information about what social support parents provide to overweight adolescents when they are teased at school. In this study, we took an initial step to address this gap in the literature by describing the types and nature of support that parents provided to their overweight child when they were teased. METHODS: A conversational style semistructured interview/prompts and probes were conducted with 28 volunteering parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876474/bullying-and-hiv-risk-among-high-school-teenagers-the-mediating-role-of-teen-dating-violence
#7
Moses Okumu, Cecilia Mengo, Bernadette Ombayo, Eusebius Small
BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and physical) would mediate the impact of bullying on HIV risk. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 National Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) among students who answered questions on bullying, TDV, and HIV risk (N = 13,571)...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#8
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
September 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867407/childhood-adversities-and-clinical-symptomatology-in-first-episode-psychosis
#9
Maija Lindgren, Teemu Mäntylä, Eva Rikandi, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Tuula Kieseppä, Outi Mantere, Jaana Suvisaari
In addition to severe traumatic experiences, milder, more common childhood adversities reflecting psychosocial burden may also be common in people with psychotic disorders and have an effect on symptomatology and functioning. We explored eleven negative childhood experiences and their influence on clinical symptoms among young adults with first-episode psychosis (FEP, n = 75) and matched population controls (n = 51). Individuals with FEP reported more adversities than controls. Specifically serious conflicts within the family, bullying at school, maternal mental health problems, and one's own and parents' serious illness during childhood were experienced by the patients more often than by controls...
August 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865597/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-youth-risk-factors-and-protective-connectedness-factors
#10
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp
OBJECTIVE: We investigated differences in prevalence of repetitive nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and a suicide attempt among youth who identified as bisexual, gay/lesbian, and questioning. In addition, we examined which types of social connections were associated with reduced risk of repetitive NSSI and suicidality among youth who identified with a specific sexual minority group. METHODS: Data came from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. The analytic sample included 77,758 students in grades 9 and 11...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861659/the-influence-of-static-and-dynamic-intrapersonal-factors-on-longitudinal-patterns-of-peer-victimization-through-mid-adolescence-a-latent-transition-analysis
#11
John D Haltigan, Tracy Vaillancourt
Using 6 cycles (grade 5 through grade 10) of data obtained from a large prospective sample of Canadian school children (N = 700; 52.6% girls), we replicated previous findings concerning the empirical definition of peer victimization (i.e., being bullied) and examined static and dynamic intrapersonal factors associated with its emergence and experiential continuity through mid-adolescence. Latent class analyses consistently revealed a low victimization and an elevated victimization class across time, supporting previous work suggesting peer victimization was defined by degree rather than by type (e...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859214/-injuries-in-the-schoolyard-an-analysis-of-individual-and-contextual-factors
#12
Sven Stadtmüller, Andreas Klocke, Andrea Giersiefen, Robert Lipp
Aims of the Study Injuries of children and adolescents rank among the most immediate problems in public health in Germany. Alongside accidents in the household and during leisure time, the school is of great importance. However, there are significant gaps in knowledge about the causes of school injuries. This is the starting point of this article, which analyses individual and contextual factors that influence the occurrence of injuries in schools and deals explicitly with injuries happening in the schoolyard...
August 31, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853517/hiv-violence-blame-and-shame-pathways-of-risk-to-internalized-hiv-stigma-among-south-african-adolescents-living-with-hiv
#13
Marija Pantelic, Mark Boyes, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck
INTRODUCTION: Internalized HIV stigma is a key risk factor for negative outcomes amongst adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), including non-adherence to anti-retroviral treatment, loss-to-follow-up and morbidity. This study tested a theoretical model of multi-level risk pathways to internalized HIV stigma among South African ALHIV. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, a survey using total population sampling of ALHIV who had ever initiated anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in 53 public health facilities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa was conducted...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837571/a-latent-transition-analysis-of-bullying-and-victimization-in-chinese-primary-school-students
#14
Yiqin Pan, Hongyun Liu, Puiyi Lau, Fang Luo
Bullying is a social phenomenon that impacts a large number of children and young people, worldwide. This study aimed to longitudinally examine the development of bullying and victimization in Chinese students in grades 4, 5, and 6. We used latent class analysis to empirically identify groups of youth with different bullying and victimization patterns, and then used latent transition analysis to explore the movement of children between these latent classes over time. Results showed that: (1) across the three time points, students could be classified into four classes: bullies, victims, bully-victims, and non-involved children; and (2) students in the non-involved class tended to remain in that class when moving to higher grades, students in the bully and victims classes tended to transition to the non-involved class, while students in the bully-victims class tended to transition to the bullies class...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832848/risk-and-protective-factors-for-noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-in-adolescents-by-race-skin-color-national-adolescent-school-based-health-survey
#15
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Maria Aline Siqueira Santos, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Max Moura de Oliveira, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Marta Maria Alves da Silva
Introduction: The race/skin color is an important predictor of health status of the population, as well as a marker of social inequalities. Objective: The aim of this paper was to describe the prevalence of the main risks and the protective factors for chronic diseases in schoolchildren, according to race/skin color differences. Methods: Data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (2012) were used. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in public and private schools...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831811/prospective-associations-between-personality-and-bullying-among-australian-adolescents
#16
Erin V Kelly, Nicola C Newton, Lexine A Stapinski, Maree Teesson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether high-risk personality dimensions increased susceptibility to bullying victimisation and perpetration among Australian adolescents. METHOD: Longitudinal cohort study of 527 secondary school students in Australia (baseline average age = 13 years, 67% female and 93% Australian-born). Bullying was measured using an amended version of the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Scale. Personality was measured using the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826950/social-stress-and-substance-use-disparities-by-sexual-orientation-among-high-school-students
#17
Richard Lowry, Michelle M Johns, Leah E Robin, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority youth often experience increased social stress due to prejudice, discrimination, harassment, and victimization. Increased stress may help explain the disproportionate use of substances like tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drug use by sexual minority youth. This study examined the effect of social stress on substance use disparities by sexual orientation among U.S. high school students. METHODS: In 2016, data from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, conducted among a nationally representative sample of 15,624 U...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#18
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816487/associations-between-bullying-involvement-protective-factors-and-mental-health-among-american-indian-youth
#19
Kari Gloppen, Barbara McMorris, Amy Gower, Marla Eisenberg
Bullying involvement as a victim or perpetrator is associated with depression and suicidality, and American Indian (AI) youth experience a disproportionately high rate of these mental health issues. This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802386/otoplasty-for-prominent-ears-demographics-and-surgical-timing-in-different-populations
#20
Lauri Kajosaari, Juhani Pennanen, Tuomas Klockars
INTRODUCTION: Prominent ears are seen in approximately 5% of the population. This benign condition can be treated surgically to reduce or prevent psychological and social problems, most commonly in children before the start of school. Our aim was to examine the demographic characteristics of patients undergoing prominent ear surgery in Finland, and compare findings with international data. METHODS: A retrospective study of all the patients treated for prominent ears in our academic tertiary care referral center during 2007-2011 was performed to gather demographic details of operated patients...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
96797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"