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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#2
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783104/school-climate-and-physical-adolescent-relationship-abuse-differences-by-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-bullying
#3
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781341/bullying-and-attitudes-toward-masculinity-in-croatian-schools-behavioral-and-emotional-characteristics-of-students-who-bully-others
#4
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780767/effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-school-based-intervention-to-reduce-bullying-among-adolescents-in-chandigarh-north-india-a-quasi-experimental-study-protocol
#5
Monica Rana, Madhu Gupta, Prahbhjot Malhi, Sandeep Grover, Manmeet Kaur
Background: Bullying perpetration and victimization is associated with significant academic, psychosocial and health related problems among adolescents. There is a need to develop effective interventions to prevent bullying among adolescents, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper presents the study protocol to develop, and evaluate the effect of multi-component school based prevention program for bullying in India. Design: Quasi-experimental study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762464/the-mediating-effect-of-regulatory-emotional-self-efficacy-on-the-association-between-self-esteem-and-school-bullying-in-middle-school-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Xiaoqin Wang, Yue Zhang, Zhaozhao Hui, Wanyue Bai, Paul D Terry, Mei Ma, Yang Li, Li Cheng, Wei Gu, Mingxu Wang
School bullying is negatively associated with self-esteem, but psychological mediators of bullying have yet to be clarified. We examined regulatory emotional self-efficacy (RESE) as a possible mediator in the association between self-esteem and school bullying. A cross-sectional study of 995 adolescents was conducted in two middle schools of Xi'an. All of the participants completed the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale (RESE)...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755379/behavioral-patterns-of-children-involved-in-bullying-episodes
#7
Carlos V Santoyo, Brenda G Mendoza
This study applied a systematic observation strategy to identify coercive behavioral patterns in school environments. The aim was to describe stability and change in the behavioral patterns of children identified as victims of bullying. To this end, the following specific objectives were defined: (1) to identify episodes of bullying based on the frequency of negative behaviors received and power imbalances between bully and victim; (2) to describe stability and behavioral changes in student victims based on their social and academic conduct and the aggression they receive from peers and teachers; and (3) to describe the functional mechanisms responsible for the process of social organization (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754427/pain-and-development-of-identity-in-adolescents-who-frequently-use-over-the-counter-analgesics-a-qualitative-study
#8
Siv Skarstein, Per Lagerløv, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Sølvi Helseth
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe conditions that may influence the development of identity in adolescents frequently using over-the-counter analgesics (OTCAs). BACKGROUND: Frequent self-medication with analgesics among adolescents is associated with several physical pain points, low self-esteem and low ambitions for the future. Continuous use of OTCAs can keep adolescents from learning healthier coping strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews with adolescents and their mothers were conducted and transcribed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749018/the-experiences-of-medical-students-with-dyslexia-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study
#9
Sebastian C K Shaw, John L Anderson
This article explores the experiences of U.K. medical students with dyslexia, using an interpretive phenomenological approach. This project began with a review of the literature, highlighting a void of qualitative research. We then conducted a collaborative autoethnography. This paper forms the next stage in this series of research. We aimed to elicit meaning and understanding from the lived experiences of our participants. Eight U.K. junior doctors with dyslexia were interviewed over the telephone in an in-depth, unstructured manner...
May 10, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746552/the-impact-of-being-bullied-at-school-on-psychological-distress-and-work-engagement-in-a-community-sample-of-adult-workers-in-japan
#10
Mai Iwanaga, Kotaro Imamura, Akihito Shimazu, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term impact of being bullied at school on current psychological distress and work engagement in adulthood among Japanese workers. We hypothesized that workers who had been bullied at school could have higher psychological distress and lower work engagement compared to those who had not been bullied. METHODS: We used data from the Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE) project, conducted from July 2010 to February 2011 in Japan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741790/bullying-defending-and-outsider-behaviors-the-moderating-role-of-social-status-and-gender-in-their-relationship-with-empathy
#11
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Marta Giménez-Dasí
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the effect of empathy on the role children play in bullying situations, as either bullies, defenders or outsiders, was moderated by children's social status within their classroom, and whether this moderation was gender dependent. For this purpose, we used a representative sample of 2,050 Spanish primary school children (50.80% girls) from grades 3-6 (Mage = 9.80 years; SD = 1.24), recruited from 27 primary schools. Results showed that the effect of empathy on bullying behavior was moderated by the sociometric rating only in girls...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741456/psychometric-properties-of-the-danish-student-well-being-questionnaire-assessed-in-250-000-student-responders
#12
Janni Niclasen, Maria Keilow, Carsten Obel
BACKGROUND: Well-being is considered a prerequisite for learning. The Danish Ministry of Education initiated the development of a new 40-item student well-being questionnaire in 2014 to monitor well-being among all Danish public school students on a yearly basis. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic psychometric properties of this questionnaire. METHODS: We used the data from the 2015 Danish student well-being survey for 268,357 students in grades 4-9 (about 85% of the study population)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740362/you-are-what-you-read-the-belief-systems-of-cyber-bystanders-on-social-networking-sites
#13
Angel N M Leung, Natalie Wong, JoAnn M Farver
The present study tested how exposure to two types of responses to a hypothetical simulated Facebook setting influenced cyber-bystanders' perceived control and normative beliefs using a 4 cyberbully-victim group (pure cyberbullies, non-involved, pure cyberbullied victims, and cyberbullied-victims) × 2 condition (offend vs. defend) experimental design. 203 Hong Kong Chinese secondary school and university students (132 females, 71 males; 12 to 28; M = 16.70; SD = 3.03 years old) were randomly assigned into one of two conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728796/the-cost-effectiveness-of-the-kiva-antibullying-program-results-from-a-decision-analytic-model
#14
Mattias Persson, Linn Wennberg, Linda Beckman, Christina Salmivalli, Mikael Svensson
Bullying causes substantial suffering for children and adolescents. A number of bullying prevention programs have been advocated as effective methods for counteracting school bullying. However, there is a lack of economic evaluations of bullying prevention programs assessing the "value for money." The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the Finnish bullying prevention program KiVa in comparison to "status quo" (treatment as usual) in a Swedish elementary school setting (grades 1 to 9)...
May 4, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726005/development-and-validation-of-the-bullying-and-cyberbullying-scale-for-adolescents-a-multi-dimensional-measurement-model
#15
Hannah J Thomas, James G Scott, Jason M Coates, Jason P Connor
BACKGROUND: Intervention on adolescent bullying is reliant on valid and reliable measurement of victimization and perpetration experiences across different behavioural expressions. AIMS: This study developed and validated a survey tool that integrates measurement of both traditional and cyber bullying to test a theoretically driven multi-dimensional model. SAMPLE: Adolescents from 10 mainstream secondary schools completed a baseline and follow-up survey (N = 1,217; Mage  = 14 years; 66...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717294/bullying-behavior-and-psychosocial-health-a-cross-sectional-study-among-school-students-of-pyuthan-municipality
#16
Durga Khadka Mishra, Tulsi Ram Thapa, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Anita Mahotra
BACKGROUND: Bullying remains as pervasive phenomenon affecting children worldwide. Bullying in school has long been a matter of concern as wide range of adjustment problems including poor mental health and violent behavior in school are associated with it. The present study examined the prevalence of bullying behavior (bullies, victims and bully-victims) and their association with depression and psychosomatic symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 8th, 9th and 10th grade students of Pyuthan Municipality, Mid-Western Nepal...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714508/implementation-of-a-school-based-bullying-program
#17
Katie Fisher, Brenda Cassidy, Dianxu Ren, Ann M Mitchell
A bully is defined as anyone who participates in any form of repetitive negative and hurtful behavior, with the intent of inflicting harm (Highmark & Center for Safe Schools, 2013). PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a bullying awareness, prevention, and screening program for teachers and school nurses. METHODS: The sample included 174 fifth-graders from a public-school district in rural, southwestern Pennsylvania...
April 2018: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713610/the-analysis-of-factors-causing-the-high-prevalence-of-child-obesity-in-jeju-island
#18
Eun Hye Park, Min-Su Oh, Sorina Kim, Juyeon Lee, Ki Soo Kang
Purpose: For 3 consecutive years from 2012-2014, we analyzed the causative factors for why the Jeju Island had the highest obesity prevalences of school children among the 15 provinces in Korea. Methods: From our analysis of 28,026 elementary school children with obesity or normal weight in the 15 provinces, we analyzed 12 factors related to eating habits, exercise habits, lifestyle, and mental health. The differences between the obese and normal weight children were researched...
April 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707731/why-does-a-universal-anti-bullying-program-not-help-all-children-explaining-persistent-victimization-during-an-intervention
#19
Tessa M L Kaufman, Tina Kretschmer, Gijs Huitsing, René Veenstra
Although anti-bullying interventions are often effective, some children continue to be victimized. To increase knowledge of potential factors that might impede children's benefiting from an anti-bullying intervention, we examined potential reasons for individual differences in victimization trajectories during a group-based anti-bullying intervention. Data stem from a five-wave survey among 9122 children (7-12 years old; grades 2-5) who participated in the KiVa anti-bullying intervention (n = 6142) or were in control schools (n = 2980 children)...
April 30, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705494/association-between-early-menarche-and-school-bullying
#20
Qiru Su, Zhengyang Chen, Ruili Li, Frank J Elgar, Zhihao Liu, Qiguo Lian
PURPOSE: Early pubertal onset may relate to more involvement in bullying in adolescent girls, both as a target and as a perpetrator. However, the few studies of the association between early menarche and school bullying have shown mixed findings. The present study examined whether early menarche is associated with bullying victimization and perpetration. METHODS: We obtained survey data on adolescent girls from the 2001-2002, 2005-2006, and 2009-2010 cycles of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in 35 European and North American countries...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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