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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933006/system-to-detect-racial-based-bullying-through-gamification
#1
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, Africa Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María Del Mar Simón-Marquez
Prevention and detection of bullying due to racial stigma was studied in school contexts using a system designed following "gamification" principles and integrating less usual elements, such as social interaction, augmented reality and cell phones in educational scenarios. "Grounded Theory" and "User Centered Design" were employed to explore coexistence inside and outside the classroom in terms of preferences and distrust in several areas of action and social frameworks of activity, and to direct the development of a cell phone app for early detection of school bullying scenarios...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#2
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-violence-among-south-african-high-school-learners-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#3
N Khuzwayo, M Taylor, C Connolly
BACKGROUND: Young people grow up in homes and communities where many are exposed daily to crime and antisocial behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of violence and the demographic factors associated with such violence among South African (SA)high school learners in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, SA. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we used stratified random sampling to select 16 schools in uMgungundlovu District...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891108/the-mediating-role-of-psychological-adjustment-between-peer-victimization-and-social-adjustment-in-adolescence
#4
Eva M Romera, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
There is extensive scientific evidence of the serious psychological and social effects that peer victimization may have on students, among them internalizing problems such as anxiety or negative self-esteem, difficulties related to low self-efficacy and lower levels of social adjustment. Although a direct relationship has been observed between victimization and these effects, it has not yet been analyzed whether there is a relationship of interdependence between all these measures of psychosocial adjustment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885157/arab-american-adolescents-perceived-stress-and-bullying-experiences-a-qualitative-study
#5
Maha Albdour, Linda Lewin, Karen Kavanaugh, Jun Sung Hong, Feleta Wilson
In 2012, 20% of high school students were bullied in the United States. Bullying is more prevalent among minority populations. Arab American adolescents receive little research attention and are described as the invisible population. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted with 10 Arab American adolescent bullying victims to describe their bullying experiences and related stress. In addition to being bullied because of health problems or social disadvantages, Arab American adolescents reported that they were bullied because of their ethnic/racial background and religious affiliation...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872392/a-scoping-review-of-self-report-measures-of-aggression-and-bullying-for-use-with-preadolescent-children
#6
Helen J Nelson, Garth E Kendall, Sharyn K Burns, Kimberly A Schonert-Reichl
Bullying in schools is a major health concern throughout the world, contributing to poor educational and mental health outcomes. School nurses are well placed to facilitate the implementation and evaluation of bullying prevention strategies. To evaluate the effect of such strategies, it is necessary to measure children's behavior over time. This scoping review of instruments that measure the self-report of aggressive behavior and bullying by children will inform the evaluation of bullying interventions. This review aimed to identify validated instruments that measure aggression and bullying among preadolescent children (age 8-12)...
November 20, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870862/problematic-peer-functioning-in-girls-with-adhd-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Francien M Kok, Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience many peer interaction problems and are at risk of peer rejection and victimisation. Although many studies have investigated problematic peer functioning in children with ADHD, this research has predominantly focused on boys and studies investigating girls are scant. Those studies that did examine girls, often used a male comparison sample, disregarding the inherent gender differences between girls and boys...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869508/risk-factors-and-mediators-of-suicidal-ideation-among-korean-adolescents
#8
Yi Jin Kim, Sung Seek Moon, Jang Hyun Lee, Joon Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: A significant number of Korean adolescents have suicidal ideations and it is more prevalent among adolescents than any other age group in Korea. AIMS: This study was conducted to attain a better understanding of the contributing factors to suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents. METHOD: We recruited 569 high school students in Grades 10 and 11 in Pyeongtaek, Korea. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation was used to measure suicidal ideation as the outcome variable...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865231/long-term-consequences-of-childhood-bullying-in-adults-who-stutter-social-anxiety-fear-of-negative-evaluation-self-esteem-and-satisfaction-with-life
#9
Gordon W Blood, Ingrid M Blood
PURPOSE: Psychosocial disorders have been reported in adults who stutter, especially social anxiety disorder. Social anxiety has been linked to childhood victimization. It is possible that recalled childhood victimization could be linked to psychosocial problems reported in some adults who stutter. METHOD: Participants were 36 adults who stutter and 36 adults who do not stutter (mean age=21.9 years). The Retrospective Bullying Questionnaire was completed for primary school, secondary school and university environments for physical, verbal, relational and cyber bullying...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863634/predictors-of-flourishing-among-children-with-hearing-loss
#10
Laura Nabors, Cathleen Odar Stough, Ashley Merianos, James Peugh
OBJECTIVES: To examine parent report of flourishing in children with hearing impairments compared to children without hearing impairments, and to explore whether school engagement and bullying related to child flourishing. METHODS: Participants were 655 children with hearing impairments and 44, 618 children without hearing impairments who were 10-17 years of age. Caregivers completed telephone interviews about their child's functioning for the National Survey of Children's Health...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859386/bullying-participant-roles-and-gender-as-predictors-of-bystander-intervention
#11
Lyndsay N Jenkins, Amanda B Nickerson
Although the importance of peer bystanders in bullying has been recognized, there are few studies that examine the phenomenon in relation to Latané and Darley's (1970) classic Bystander Intervention Model, which states that there are five stages of bystander intervention: (i) notice the event; (ii) interpret the event as an emergency that requires assistance; (iii) accept responsibility for intervening; (iv) know how to intervene or provide help; and (v) implement intervention decisions. This study examined preliminary evidence of reliability and validity of the Bystander Intervention Model in Bullying (Nickerson, Aloe, Livingston, & Feeley, 2014), and the extent to which bullying role behavior (bullying, assisting, victimization, defending, and outsider behavior) and gender predicted each step of the model with a sample of 299 middle school students...
November 11, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830640/anxiety-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-stressful-life-events-in-non-cardiac-adolescent-chest-pain-a-comparative-study-about-the-hidden-part-of-the-iceberg
#12
Kayi Eliacik, Ali Kanik, Nurullah Bolat, Hilal Mertek, Baris Guven, Ulas Karadas, Buket Dogrusoz, Ali Rahmi Bakiler
Chest pain in adolescents is rarely associated with cardiac disease. Adolescents with medically unexplained chest pain usually have high levels of anxiety and depression. Psychological stress may trigger non-cardiac chest pain. This study evaluated risk factors that particularly characterise adolescence, such as major stressful events, in a clinical population. The present study was conducted on 100 adolescents with non-cardiac chest pain and 76 control subjects. Stressful life events were assessed by interviewing patients using a 36-item checklist, along with the Children's Depression Inventory and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for children, in both groups...
November 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822274/primary-school-teachers-and-parents-perception-of-peer-bullying-among-children-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#13
Somaieh Salehi, Ahmed Patel, Mona Taghavi, Minoo Pooravari
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to recognize bullying behavior in the students in Iran and analyze the perception of school teachers and parents in this regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several semi-structured interviews and observations were conducted with four teachers and eight parents of children involved in bully/victim problems and the analysis was interpreted through established comparative evaluation methods. RESULTS: Iranian teachers and the parents perceived bullying mainly as physical and verbal attacks with little understanding of the psychological factors...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815286/is-risk-taking-behaviour-more-prevalent-among-adolescents-with-learning-disabilities
#14
Michaela Palfiova, Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska, Daniela Bobakova, Jana Holubcikova, Ivo Cermak, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Reports from schools indicate that adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) frequently show risk-taking behaviour (RTB), but evidence is lacking. The aim of the study was to assess the associations between LD status and RTBs among Slovak adolescents and to explore whether family affluence and family composition have a moderating or mediating role in these associations. METHODS: Data from the Slovak national HBSC study 2014 were analyzed. The sample comprised 1549 15-year-old adolescents (mean age: 15...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814498/social-comparison-competition-and-teacher-student-relationships-in-junior-high-school-classrooms-predicts-bullying-and-victimization
#15
Maria Rosaria Di Stasio, Robert Savage, Giovani Burgos
This cross-sectional research examines how social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships as classroom characteristics are associated with bullying and victimization among junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 in Canada. The study tests a conceptual model of youth outcomes that highlights the importance of modeling the effects of teaching practices as proximal structural conditions at the classroom level (N = 38) that affect bullying outcomes at the individual level (N = 687). Results of Hierarchal linear modeling (HLM) revealed significant classroom-level effects in that increased social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships were related to bullying and victimization...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814340/childhood-bullying-victimization-and-overweight-in-young-adulthood-a-cohort-study
#16
Jessie R Baldwin, Louise Arseneault, Candice Odgers, Daniel W Belsky, Timothy Matthews, Antony Ambler, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt, Andrea Danese
OBJECTIVE: To test whether bullied children have an elevated risk of being overweight in young adulthood and whether this association is: (1) consistent with a dose-response relationship, namely, its strength increases with the chronicity of victimization; (2) consistent across different measures of overweight; (3) specific to bullying and not explained by co-occurring maltreatment; (4) independent of key potential confounders; and (5) consistent with the temporal sequence of bullying preceding overweight...
November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812723/longitudinal-associations-between-bullying-and-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#17
Ha Thi Hai Le, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Nam T Tran, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: This study measured bullying roles across an academic year and examined how change in bullying experiences is associated with symptoms of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation among adolescents in Vietnam. METHODS: 1424 students in middle and high schools completed two self-administered questionnaires, six months apart in 2014-2015. RESULTS: Students who were victimised often and those who were classified as highly involved as both victims and bullies at one or both survey times showed significantly higher levels of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation than other students...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805478/differences-in-friendship-networks-and-experiences-of-cyberbullying-among-korean-and-australian-adolescents
#18
Jee Young Lee, Yeji Kwon, Soeun Yang, Sora Park, Eun-Mee Kim, Eun-Yeong Na
Cyberbullying is one of the negative consequences of online social interaction. The digital environment enables adolescents to engage in online social interaction beyond the traditional physical boundaries of families, neighborhoods, and schools. The authors examined connections to friendship networks in both online and offline settings are related to their experiences as victims, perpetrators, and bystanders of cyberbullying. A comparative face-to-face survey of adolescents (12-15-year-olds) was conducted in Korea (n = 520) and Australia (n = 401)...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803677/bullying-and-cyberbullying-in-minorities-are-they-more-vulnerable-than-the-majority-group
#19
Vicente J Llorent, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Izabela Zych
Inclusion in education of all the children is necessary for the success, equality and peace among individuals and societies. In this context, special attention needs to be paid to the minorities. These groups might encounter additional difficulties which make them more vulnerable to be involved in bullying and cyberbullying. The current study was conducted with the objective of describing the involvement in bullying and cyberbullying of students from the majority group and also from sexual and ethnic-cultural minorities...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793551/alcohol-tobacco-and-cannabis-use-do-students-with-mild-intellectual-disability-mimic-students-in-the-general-population
#20
Dibia Liz Pacoricona Alfaro, Virginie Ehlinger, Stanislas Spilka, Jim Ross, Mariane Sentenac, Emmanuelle Godeau
Education policies encourage inclusion of students with mild-intellectual disability (mild-ID) in community/school life. However, such policies potentially increase exposure to substance use. This article examines tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among French students enrolled in special units for students with disabilities (ULIS) at mainstream junior high schools compared to those of general population of the equivalent age; and explores factors associated with substance use among ULIS students, known to present mostly mild-ID...
October 25, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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