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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641130/sexual-orientation-minority-stress-social-norms-and-substance-use-among-racially-diverse-adolescents
#1
Ethan H Mereish, Jeremy T Goldbach, Claire Burgess, Angelo M DiBello
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority adolescents are more likely than their heterosexual peers to use substances. This study tested factors that contribute to sexual orientation disparities in substance use among racially and ethnically diverse adolescents. Specifically, we examined how both minority stress (i.e., homophobic bullying) and social norms (i.e., descriptive and injunctive norms) may account for sexual orientation disparities in recent and lifetime use of four substances: tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and prescription drugs...
June 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633938/classroom-relationship-qualities-and-social-cognitive-correlates-of-defending-and-passive-bystanding-in-school-bullying-in-sweden-a-multilevel-analysis
#2
Robert Thornberg, Linda Wänström, Jun Sung Hong, Dorothy L Espelage
Using the social-ecological and social cognitive theories as integrated guiding frameworks, the present study examined whether moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy at the individual level, and moral disengagement, quality of teacher-student relationships and quality of student-student relationships at the classroom level were associated with passive bystanding and defending in bullying situations. Participants were 900 Swedish students from 43 classrooms, ranging in age from 9 to 13years. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that passive reactions by bystanders were associated with greater moral disengagement and less defender self-efficacy...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620764/health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-bullying-and-aggression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-english-secondary-schools
#3
Catherine Fantaguzzi, Elizabeth Allen, Alec Miners, Deborah Christie, Charles Opondo, Zia Sadique, Adam Fletcher, Richard Grieve, Chris Bonell, Russell M Viner, Rosa Legood
BACKGROUND: Associations between adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQoL), bullying, and aggression are not well understood. We used baseline data from a large-cluster randomized school trial to study the relationship between HRQoL, bullying experience, and other demographic factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-reported questionnaires collected pre-randomization from the on-going INCLUSIVE trial. The questionnaires were completed in the classroom. The Gatehouse Bullying Scale measured bullying victimization and the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime school misbehavior subscale (ESYTC) measured aggressive behaviors...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616882/bullying-among-18-to-23-year-old-women-in-2013
#4
Natalie Townsend, Jennifer Powers, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of bullying among women aged 18-23 in 2013, and to describe the demographic characteristics, health and risk factors of those who experienced bullying. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the 1989-95 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a nationally representative cohort (n=16,801). RESULTS: More than one-quarter of women (28.4%) indicated they had never been bullied, 53...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608485/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-food-allergy
#5
REVIEW
Andrew T Fong, Constance H Katelaris, Brynn Wainstein
Food allergy is an increasing phenomenon in Australia, with most recent reports of food allergy occurring in 1 in 12 children. A number of studies have demonstrated that children and adolescents with food allergies experience a decreased quality of life across a number of domains. More recent evidence suggests that this population also experiences an increased occurrence of bullying compared to similar school-aged children. Some individuals have reported being bullied because of their allergies, whilst others have reported specific allergy-related-bullying, such as being touched with foods that they are allergic to or having their food being intentionally contaminated with an allergen...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608169/continued-bullying-victimization-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-mediating-and-protective-factors
#6
Mara Brendgen, François Poulin
Bullying in schools has severe consequences for victims' adjustment. It is unclear, however, whether victims of school bullying continue to be victimized in other contexts during adulthood. Mediating processes through which peer victimization in school increases the risk of revictimization in adulthood, as well as protective factors, also need to be explored. This study examined 1) the longitudinal association between peer victimization in school and victimization at work during young adulthood, 2) the predictive link of reactive and proactive aggression and anxious-withdrawn behavior in childhood with victimization in school and at the workplace, 3) the potential mediating role of depression symptoms, and 4) the potential protective effect of friendship support...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605163/associations-of-bullying-and-cyberbullying-with-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adults
#7
George Kritsotakis, Maria Papanikolaou, Emmanouil Androulakis, Anastas E Philalithis
PURPOSE: This study aims at identifying the sex-stratified associations of involvement in traditional bullying during middle and high school years and in cyberbullying during college years with multiple health risk behaviors in undergraduate students. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis draws on the data of the second wave of the LATO study (Lifestyle & Attitudes in a Student Population) in Greece. METHODS: During November and December 2013, 812 second-year undergraduate students (mean age = 19...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604499/academic-achievement-and-risk-factors-for-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-middle-school-and-early-high-school
#8
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Examine academic achievement of students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during the early high school period and identify potentially modifiable risk factors for low achievement. METHOD: Data were collected through surveys (adolescent, parent, and teacher) and direct assessment of Australian adolescents (12-15 yr; n = 130) with ADHD in early high school (i.e., US middle and high school grades). Academic achievement outcomes were measured by linking to individual performance on the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests, direct assessment of reading and math, and teacher report of academic competence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599772/do-adolescent-risk-behaviors-mediate-health-and-school-bullying-testing-the-stress-process-and-general-strain-frameworks
#9
Joseph C Jochman, Jacob E Cheadle, Bridget J Goosby
Adolescent bullying is a significant public health issue in the United States. The health consequences of bullying may vary, however, according to the social position and characteristics of victims and bullies within the bullying subculture. For example, research suggests that bully involved youth are more likely to engage in risky health behaviors, including social withdrawal, tobacco, and alcohol use. Yet, the extent to which health outcomes are shaped by involvements in bullying or the risk behaviors associated with bullying remains unclear...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#10
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591332/prevalence-of-bullying-by-gender-and-education-in-a-city-with-high-violence-and-migration-in-mexico
#11
Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez, Rosa P Hernández-Torres, Miguel Murguía-Romero, Rafael Villalobos-Molina
Objective: To understand the prevalence of bullying, by gender and educational level, in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, a city with high rates of violence and migration. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study conducted in 2012 - 2014 using a questionnaire known as the Bullying-Mexican. A probabilistic multistage cluster-sampling method obtained a study sample of 2 347 students (10 - 27 years of age) from the 400 000 enrolled in grade 5 - university level at the 611 public schools in Ciudad Juárez...
May 25, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588956/gender-disparities-in-the-experience-effects-and-reporting-of-electronic-aggression-among-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria
#12
Adesola O Olumide, Emmanuel Adebayo, Babatunde Oluwagbayela
BACKGROUND: Electronic aggression is the use of electronic communication technologies to harass others. It is a problem among adolescents and young people worldwide. There is a dearth of information on this problem in developing countries in spite of the increasing use of electronic media technology in these countries. OBJECTIVE: To explore gender differences in the prevalence, effects and reporting of electronic aggression among secondary school students in Oyo state, Nigeria...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587795/bullying-social-support-and-psychological-distress-findings-from-relachs-cohorts-of-east-london-s-white-british-and-bangladeshi-adolescents
#13
Kamaldeep Bhui, Maria Joao Silva, Seeromanie Harding, Stephen Stansfeld
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to test whether bullying in adolescents relates to poor mental health and whether social support mitigated this effect. METHODS: In 2001, 28 schools in East London were randomly selected for surveys of two representative mixed ability classes: year 7 (11-12 years) and year 9 (13-14 years). Repeated measures were obtained from the same pupils 2 years later, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (total difficulties score [TDS]) as a measure of psychological distress...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585288/incentives-for-preventing-smoking-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Marita Hefler, Selma C Liberato, David P Thomas
BACKGROUND: Adult smoking usually has its roots in adolescence. If individuals do not take up smoking during this period it is unlikely that they ever will. Further, once smoking becomes established, cessation is challenging; the probability of subsequently quitting is inversely proportional to the age of initiation. One novel approach to reducing the prevalence of youth smoking is the use of incentives. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of incentives on preventing children and adolescents (aged 5 to 18 years) from starting to smoke...
June 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#15
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583432/bullying-in-school-aged-children-in-iceland-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pernilla Garmy, Rúnar Vilhjálmsson, Guðrún Kristjánsdóttir
PURPOSE: We describe the frequency and variations in bullying among a representative national sample of school-age children and examine whether sociodemographic characteristics are associated with bullying. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is based on a cross-sectional school-based survey-the Icelandic contribution to the international research network Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). The study population included all students in Iceland in grades 6, 8 and 10 (mean ages: 11, 13 and 15years, respectively) (participation rate: 84%; n=11,018)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580026/can-the-factor-structure-of-defense-style-questionnaire-dsq-40-contribute-to-our-understanding-of-parental-acceptance-rejection-bullying-victimization-and-perceived-well-being-in-greek-early-adolescents
#17
Theodoros Giovazolias, Evangelia Karagiannopoulou, Effrosyni Mitsopoulou
Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the DSQ-40 has not been validated in early adolescent populations. The present study sought to determine the factor validity of the DSQ-40 in a sample of Greek primary school students (N = 265). Further, it aimed to investigate the relationship between defense mechanisms and perceived parental acceptance/rejection, the participation in bullying (either as bully or victim) as well as self-reported well being...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572858/determinants-of-bullying-at-school-depending-on-the-type-of-community-ecological-analysis-of-secondary-schools-in-poland
#18
Joanna Mazur, Izabela Tabak, Dorota Zawadzka
Ecological studies, when the school is the unit of analysis, may help to design and evaluate school intervention programs. The paper discusses selected contextual determinants of bullying, using data collected in Poland in 2015 and aggregated to school level (4085 students; 70 junior high schools). The main hypothesis is related to the neighborhood social capital as protective factor and the type of community as a modifier. The main dependent variable was the combined index of bullying which included three perspectives (victim, perpetrator, bystander)...
2017: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569622/homophobic-bullying-and-cyberbullying-study-of-a-silenced-problem
#19
Paz Elipe, María de la Oliva Muñoz, Rosario Del Rey
Bullying and cyberbullying have been studied extensively. In Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Questioning (LGBQ) students these phenomena seem to be overrepresented so that, although they share some common elements, homophobic bullying and cyberbullying could be considered as specific phenomena. This study analyzed homophobic bullying and cyberbullying, with the participation of 533 Spanish secondary school students aged from 12 to 20 (M = 14.9, SD = 1.7). The results showed that students identified as non-heterosexual experienced a higher level of being targeted with bullying and cyberbullying, declaring almost half of them they had been victimized and more than 20% cybervictimized...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567546/examining-the-efficacy-of-peer-network-interventions-on-the-social-interactions-of-high-school-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Melissa A Sreckovic, Kara Hume, Harriet Able
Developing positive peer relationships is important. Unfortunately, due to challenges in social communication and increased complexity of peer groups during adolescence, many secondary students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) engage in limited positive social interactions with peers. This study examined the effects of a peer network intervention implemented with three high school students with ASD. A multiple-baseline across participants design was used to evaluate the intervention on initiations and responses to and from students with ASD...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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