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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352621/associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-various-types-of-involvement-in-school-bullying-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#1
Peng-Wei Wang, Ray C Hsiao, Li Ming Chen, Yu-Hsien Sung, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
PURPOSE: This study examined associations between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and involvement in school bullying among 613 Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS: CU traits were determined using the self-reported Chinese versions of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (C-ICUT) and the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ). The study used logistic regression analysis to assess associations between CU traits and types of involvement in school bullying, with controls for the effect of age, sex, and residential background...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#2
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349236/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-suicidal-behaviours-ideation-plan-and-attempt-among-adolescents-in-senior-high-schools-in-ghana
#3
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey, Joseph Osafo, Emmanuel Nii-Boye Quarshie, Jacob Owusu Sarfo
Suicide is recognised as the third leading cause of death among adolescents globally. There is however limited data on the prevalence and factors associated with suicide particularly in Ghana. To explore the prevalence and risk and protective factors associated with suicide in Ghana, a nationwide Global School-based Student Health Survey data collected among senior high school adolescents in Ghana was used. The prevalence of suicidal behaviours was 18.2%, 22.5% and 22.2% for suicidal ideation, suicidal plan and suicidal attempt respectively...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342218/cross-lagged-structural-equation-models-for-the-relationship-between-health-related-state-and-behaviours-and-body-bullying-in-adolescence-findings-from-longitudinal-study-elana
#5
Viviane S Straatmann, Ylva B Almquist, Aldair J Oliveira, Mikael Rostila, Claudia S Lopes
We investigated the stability and the directionality of being body bullied and a set of four variables- 1) Body Mass Index (BMI), 2) moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 3) television time (TV) and 4) video game/computer time (VG)-, termed in the present study as 'health-related state and behaviours (HRSB)'-across adolescence. The Adolescent Nutritional Assessment Longitudinal Study (ELANA) is a cohort study conducted among middle school students from two public and four private schools in Rio de Janeiro-Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342210/effects-of-theory-of-mind-performance-training-on-reducing-bullying-involvement-in-children-and-adolescents-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Meng-Jung Liu, Le-Yin Ma, Wen-Jiun Chou, Yu-Min Chen, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
Bullying involvement is prevalent among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the effects of theory of mind performance training (ToMPT) on reducing bullying involvement in children and adolescents with high-functioning ASD. Children and adolescents with high-functioning ASD completed ToMPT (n = 26) and social skills training (SST; n = 23) programs. Participants in both groups and their mothers rated the pretraining and posttraining bullying involvement of participants on the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341204/gender-parental-education-and-experiences-of-bullying-victimization-by-australian-adolescents-with-and-without-a-disability
#7
A Kavanagh, N Priest, E Emerson, A Milner, T King
BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare the prevalence of bullying victimization between adolescents with and without a disability and between adolescents with and without borderline intellectual functioning or intellectual disability (BIF/ID). We also sought to assess whether the relationships between either disability or BIF/ID and bullying victimization vary by gender and parental education. METHODS: The sample included 3,956 12- to 13-year-old adolescents who participated in Wave 5 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
January 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333646/examining-predictors-of-breakfast-skipping-and-breakfast-program-use-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#8
Katelyn M Godin, Karen A Patte, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are not using these programs. METHODS: Data from 30,771 secondary school students from Ontario and Alberta, Canada, participating in Year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study were used for descriptive and logistic regression analyses...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295016/cyberbullying-among-adolescents-the-influence-of-different-modes-of-inquiry
#9
Sandra Brochado, Sílvia Fraga, Sara Soares, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
The use of different modes of inquiry about interpersonal violence experiences may result in different frequency estimates. Thus, we measured the frequency and identified the factors associated with cyberbullying among urban school-going adolescents using different tools. Participants were enrolled at the four largest public schools in Porto for seventh- to 12th-grade students and were evaluated during the 2014-2015 academic year. We studied 2,624 adolescents (1,186 males and 1,438 females), 60% of all eligible students...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294981/patterns-of-bullying-behavior-by-sexual-orientation
#10
Jeremy T Goldbach, Henry Fisher Raymond, Claire M Burgess
Bullying has a long-lasting effect on both victims and their perpetrators; however, there is little literature dedicated to understanding the roles of sexual minority adolescents beyond being a victim or the specific types of bullying behaviors (verbal, relational, physical) in which sexual minority adolescents engage. Even less is known about the experiences of mostly heterosexual youth, as distinct from their lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. This exploratory study sought to identify sexual orientation differences in bullying behavior participation using a random cluster sample obtained from a county school district in the Southeastern United States...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294955/race-bullying-and-public-perceptions-of-school-and-university-safety
#11
Walter W Shelley, Justin T Pickett, Christina Mancini, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Grant Rissler, Hayley Cleary
Bullying and school crime are important social problems that are receiving increased attention by scholars and policy makers. However, several critical questions remain unaddressed. First, does the public perceive bullying as a serious problem and judge schools-primary, secondary, and postsecondary-as safe or unsafe? Second, does the public use a "bullying lens" to judge school safety-that is, do citizens understand bullying as a serious threat to students' well-being? Third, are there racial differences in these perceptions? Prior research identifies racial differences in the prevalence of bullying, as well as in students' views of school safety and citizens' fear of crime...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294905/anxiety-and-depression-in-cyberbullied-college-students-a-retrospective-study
#12
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Cinthia Patricia Frías
Cyberbullying is a worldwide phenomenon and its effects can be severe. To better understand the personal and situational factors in cyberbullying, we approach it from the perspective of the general aggression model. More specifically, we analyze the medium and long-term impact of past experiences of cyberbullying on university students. We also compare their psychological adjustment with peers who have not been cyberbullied by examining the recall of cyberbullying while attending secondary school of 1,593 university students...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294894/cyberbullying-victimization-as-a-predictor-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-body-image-dissatisfaction-healthy-eating-and-dieting-behaviors-and-life-satisfaction
#13
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294852/the-role-of-the-perceptions-of-school-climate-and-teacher-victimization-by-students
#14
Francis L Huang, Colleen Lloyd Eddy, Emily Camp
Violence directed toward teachers in schools is relatively understudied in comparison with other school-based forms of peer aggression (e.g., school bullying). Based on the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) 2011-2012, approximately 10% of K-12 public school teachers in the United States, received a threat in the past 12 months and 6% reported being physically attacked. The effects of teacher-directed violence are far reaching and affect not just the victimized teacher, but the larger community itself...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294845/cyber-dating-abuse-investigating-digital-monitoring-behaviors-among-adolescents-from-a-social-learning-perspective
#15
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
Just as with other forms of abuse such as bullying, dating violence is no longer limited to physical spaces. Several forms of dating violence can also be perpetrated by means of technology. Few studies have used a theoretical perspective to investigate cyber dating abuse. This study addresses this gap in the literature by focusing on the perpetration of digital monitoring behaviors-a form of cyber dating abuse-from a social learning perspective. We investigate the extent to which perceived social norms about cyber dating abuse, witnessing controlling behaviors among parents, and endorsing gender stereotypes are linked with adolescents' engagement in digital monitoring behaviors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294825/are-sexual-minorities-more-at-risk-bullying-victimization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-youth
#16
Lindsay Kahle
Bullying has garnered the attention of researchers and policy makers alike, because of various negative physical, mental, and educational outcomes that stem from these experiences. Certain youth are more at risk for bullying victimization (ASPA, 2012). Thus, research highlighting and addressing these experiences is crucial to provide safer environments for youth. This study utilizes the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data to investigate whether or not experiences of victimization differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294797/do-family-level-factors-associated-with-bullying-perpetration-and-peer-victimization-differ-by-race-comparing-european-american-and-african-american-youth
#17
Jun Sung Hong, Bee Ryou, Alex R Piquero
Patterns of-and correlates associated with-bullying perpetration and peer victimization have received widespread research attention. Somewhat less research has considered how protective factors in the parental domain help to buffer against both adverse behaviors. And perhaps more importantly, even less research has considered potential racial differences in the manner in which family-level variables relate to both bullying perpetration and peer victimization. Using a nationwide sample of adolescents, the present study examines (a) how parent/guardian support, mother's parental monitoring, father's parental monitoring, and family satisfaction buffer against bullying perpetration and peer victimization; and (b) whether these relationships vary across race...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294770/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimization-in-four-low-resource-countries
#18
Amanda J Nguyen, Catherine Bradshaw, Lisa Townsend, Judith Bass
Bullying is one of the most common forms of aggression experienced by school-aged youth, yet research is sparse in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where cultural and contextual factors may influence victimization dynamics. We aimed to examine correlates of victimization and the prevalence of specific victimizing behaviors among youth in four LMIC. Data were included from 3,536 youth collected as part of the ongoing Young Lives Study cohorts in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru, and Vietnam who reported frequency of past-year exposure to nine bullying behaviors at age 15...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#19
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291479/correlates-of-bullying-and-its-relationship-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-lebanese-adolescents
#20
Fadi Halabi, Lilian Ghandour, Racha Dib, Pia Zeinoun, Fadi T Maalouf
Understanding the contextual determinants of bullying behavior is pivotal for effective interventions. This paper describes the prevalence of bullying, its socio-demographic correlates and factors influencing its relationship with psychiatric disorders among a population-based sample of adolescents from Beirut recruited through a two-stage cluster sampling design. Recruited participants (n = 510) and their parents completed a battery of questionnaires and interviews including the Development and Wellbeing Assessment (DAWBA) and the Peer-Relations Questionnaire (PRQ)...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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