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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097838/bullying-at-school-agreement-between-caregivers-and-children-s-perception
#1
Lucas G Durán, Jordán C Scherñuk Schroh, Estefanía P Panizoni, Ezequiel F Jouglard, M Gabriela Serralunga, M Eugenia Esandi
INTRODUCTION: Bullying at school is usually kept secret from adults, making them unaware of the situation. OBJECTIVE: To describe caregivers' and children's perception and assess their agreement in terms of bullying situations. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in children aged 8-12 years old attending public schools and their caregivers. The questionnaire on preconceptions of intimidation and bullying among peers (PRECONCIMEI) (child/caregiver version) was used...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076925/the-association-between-electronic-bullying-and-school-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#2
Erin Grinshteyn, Y T Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. METHODS: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent in the last month due to feeling unsafe at/in transit to school. The model controlled for other predictors of school absence including demographics, physical/behavioral health, and risk factors...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#3
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064513/temporal-patterns-and-predictors-of-bullying-roles-among-adolescents-in-vietnam-a-school-based-cohort-study
#4
Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P Dunne, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nam T Tran
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined bullying experiences and correlated factors among adolescents in schools, relatively little is known about the extent to which bullying roles are stable or fluid over time. This short-term quantitative longitudinal study in Vietnam examined temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles over an academic year. A total of 1424 middle and high school students aged 12-17 years completed two anonymous, self-administered questionnaires six months apart in 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056616/adolescents-transitioning-to-high-school
#5
Susan G Williams, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan
Adolescents transitioning to high school may be at greater risk of depression and suicide if they are victims of bullying behavior. This study explored sex differences in bullying victimization (physical, verbal/social, and cyberbullying) and the impact on depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors in ninth-grade students ( N = 233). Females reported significantly more verbal/social and cyberbullying than male students. There were no significant sex differences in physical bullying; male students who reported physical bullying victimization were more likely to experience depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049365/mental-health-issues-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-a-high-school-setting
#6
Susan G Williams
High school students are maturing physically, psychosocially, and sexually. Some may be unsure of their sexual orientation. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students who self-identified as homosexual-lesbian/gay, bisexual (LGB), and unsure of sexual orientation had more stressful life events (SLEs), perceived stress, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms as compared to heterosexual peers. Cortisol was examined to determine whether levels were within normal range for age and followed a normal diurnal rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042585/the-protective-role-of-gay-straight-alliances-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-students-a-prospective-analysis
#7
Salvatore Ioverno, Alexander B Belser, Roberto Baiocco, Arnold H Grossman, Stephen T Russell
Prior studies show a strong association between gay-straight alliances (GSAs) and the well-being and safety of sexual minority students at school. However, nearly all existing literature has relied on cross-sectional data. Using data from the first two panels of a multi-site longitudinal study on risk and protective factors for suicide among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth in three U.S. cities, we examined the influence of presence of and participation in a GSA on perceptions of safety at school, homophobic bullying experiences, and psychosocial adjustment (depression and self-esteem) in 327 LGBQ students across two school years...
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042195/improving-the-school-context-of-early-adolescence-through-teacher-attunement-to-victimization-effects-on-school-belonging
#8
Kate E Norwalk, Jill V Hamm, Thomas W Farmer, Kathryn Barnes
The present study examined the effects of teacher attunement to victimization on student perceptions of the bullying culture of their schools as a means of fostering a sense of belonging among early adolescents. Participants (n = 1,264) in sixth grade reported on the frequency that they had been bullied, and teachers were asked to report students who were "picked on." Teacher attunement represented the correspondence between self-identified and teacher-identified victims. Attunement at the beginning of the school year was related to positive changes in student reports that their peers would intervene in bullying; in turn, sense of belonging was greater when students perceived that their peers would intervene in bullying...
October 2016: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008197/associations-of-alcohol-use-with-mental-health-and-alcohol-exposure-among-school-going-students-in-cambodia
#9
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Chher Tepirou
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of alcohol use with sociodemographic factors, mental health and alcohol exposure among school-going adolescents in Cambodia. The analysis included 3,806 school children, mean age 15.7 years (SD=1.8), from Cambodia who participated in the "Global School-based Student Health Survey" (GSHS) in 2013. The results indicate that overall, 10.0% of the students reported current alcohol use, 10.8% lifetime drunkenness, and 2.8% problem drinking. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, sociodemographic factors (older age and being male), mental health and other variables (bullying victimization, OR (odds ratio) = 1...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006715/effect-of-personal-characteristics-victimization-types-and-family-and-school-related-factors-on-psychological-distress-in-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#10
Yu-Lung Chiu, Senyeong Kao, Shao-Wen Tou, Fu-Gong Lin
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of bullying victimization among adolescents with intellectual disabilities and the influence of victimization experience on their mental health in Taiwan. Data on 706 adolescents from the 2011 Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study were analyzed. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to variables comprising 7 items of psychological distress, 4 types of bullying victimization, and family-, school-, and peer-related factors. Approximately 70% of the survey respondents had experienced at least one type of victimization, and 44% of them had experienced at least two types of victimization...
December 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998261/suicidal-ideation-among-suburban-adolescents-the-influence-of-school-bullying-and-other-mediating-risk-factors
#11
David T Lardier, Veronica R Barrios, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert J Reid
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has identified multiple factors that influence suicidal ideation (SI) among bullied youth. The effects of school bullying on SI cannot be considered in isolation. In this study, we examined the influence of school bullying on SI, through a constellation of risks, which include depressive and anxiety symptoms, family conflict, and alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use. We also provide recommendations for therapists working with bullied youth. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 488 adolescents (ages 10-18 years) from a northern New Jersey, United States suburban community...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995641/two-sides-to-the-story-adolescent-and-parent-views-on-harmful-intention-in-defining-school-bullying
#12
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, Chantelle M Baguley, James G Scott
Bullying is defined as repeated negative actions involving a power differential, and intention to harm. There is limited research on harmful intention as a definitional component. This study explored the role of the perpetrator's harmful intention and the target's perception of harmful intention. Some 209 students (M = 14.5 years; 66.5% female) and 447 parents (M = 46.4 years; 86.4% female) were randomly assigned in an online survey. Participants assessed the likelihood of bullying in five hypothetical scenarios (physical, verbal, rumor, exclusion, and cyber) across five intention conditions, that also involved repetition and a power differential...
December 20, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977566/students-perceptions-of-characteristics-of-victims-and-perpetrators-of-bullying-in-public-schools-in-jordan
#13
Nahla Mansour Al Ali, Muntaha Gharaibeh, Mohammad Jaser Masadeh
BACKGROUND: School bullying is the most common school violence among adolescents and has become a global concern. Little is known about the characteristics associated with bullies and victims among Jordanian students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine student perceptions of school bullying-specifically, the characteristics of perpetrators and victims and how to stop bullying-and assess differences in perceptions between boys and girls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, using self-reported questionnaires, was employed to collect data from eighth-grade students (N = 913; 51% male) from a mixed rural and suburban area in northern of Jordan during the 2013-2014 school year...
January 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977261/leveraging-school-based-research-to-inform-bullying-prevention-and-policy
#14
Dorothy L Espelage
School-based bullying and other forms of school violence have been the topic of over 40 years of research in the U.S. and internationally. Within the last 2 decades, research has increasingly informed bullying prevention, policy, and legislative efforts. The purpose of this article is to highlight several critical research areas on bullying and other forms of school violence that have shaped prevention efforts and policy over the last 2 decades. As the recipient of the 2016 Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy, the discussion here will focus largely on research findings from The Espelage Lab and collaborators, but these studies and findings will be situated in the larger literature...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977260/award-for-distinguished-contributions-to-research-in-public-policy-dorothy-l-espelage
#15
(no author information available yet)
APA's Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy is given to a psychologist who has made a distinguished empirical and/or theoretical contribution to research in public policy, either through a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of work. Dorothy L. Espelage is the 2016 recipient of this award for her exceptional work on bullying, gender, and school violence. "She is an outstanding rigorous researcher who uses the most sophisticated methods in assessing the effects of interventions designed to improve the social and emotional lives of children both within and outside of school...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977255/award-for-distinguished-early-career-contributions-to-psychology-in-the-public-interest-mark-l-hatzenbuehler
#16
(no author information available yet)
The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2016 corecipient of the Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Mark L. Hatzenbuehler. The Award recognizes Dr. Hatzenbuehler's advancements in understanding stigma, particularly "the stigma experience of being gay or bisexual at the psychological level in terms of rumination, secret keeping, and the like; at the social level in terms of stigma-imbued social interactions; and at the structural level in terms of policies such as the presence or absence of anti-bullying interventions in schools or gay marriage prohibitions at the level of states...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957645/cyberbullying-among-greek-high-school-adolescents
#17
Athanasia Gkiomisi, Maria Gkrizioti, Athina Gkiomisi, Dimitrios A Anastasilakis, Panagiotis Kardaras
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of cyberbullying among Greek students and the efficacy of proposed preventive interventions. METHODS: Three types of high schools (private, experimental and public) with different politics on on-line aggression were enrolled. All students of the aforementioned schools were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. RESULTS: Around 62 % of the high school students experienced cyberbullying by electronic means, especially by cell phone, mostly the public school students (p 0...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933006/system-to-detect-racial-based-bullying-through-gamification
#18
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, Africa Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María Del Mar Simón-Marquez
Prevention and detection of bullying due to racial stigma was studied in school contexts using a system designed following "gamification" principles and integrating less usual elements, such as social interaction, augmented reality and cell phones in educational scenarios. "Grounded Theory" and "User Centered Design" were employed to explore coexistence inside and outside the classroom in terms of preferences and distrust in several areas of action and social frameworks of activity, and to direct the development of a cell phone app for early detection of school bullying scenarios...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#19
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-violence-among-south-african-high-school-learners-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#20
N Khuzwayo, M Taylor, C Connolly
BACKGROUND: Young people grow up in homes and communities where many are exposed daily to crime and antisocial behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of violence and the demographic factors associated with such violence among South African (SA)high school learners in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, SA. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we used stratified random sampling to select 16 schools in uMgungundlovu District...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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