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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#1
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438245/bullying-and-the-detrimental-role-of-un-forgiveness-in-adolescents-wellbeing
#2
Barbara Barcaccia, Barry Howard Schneider, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that victimisation by bullies is linked with psychopathology. Research has also demonstrated that forgiveness is associated with the mental health of victims of bullying. METHOD: Our objective was to explore the multiple components of forgiveness (i.e., benevolence, decreased avoidance of the perpetrator and diminished desire for revenge) as mediators of the negative mental health effects of bullying in Italian adolescents. Our hypothesis was that those who forgive their bullies would show lower levels of depression, state anger, and behaviour problems than those who did not forgive...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434091/continued-bullying-victimization-in-adolescents-maladaptive-schemas-as-a-mediational-mechanism
#3
Esther Calvete, Liria Fernández-González, Joaquín M González-Cabrera, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
Bullying victimization in adolescence is a significant social problem that can become persistent over time for some victims. However, there is an overall paucity of research examining the factors that contribute to continued bullying victimization. Schema therapy proposes a model that can help us understand why bullying victimization can be persistent for some victims. This study examines the role of maladaptive schemas, the key concept in schema therapy, as a mechanism of continued bullying victimization. The hypothesis was that maladaptive schemas of rejection mediate the predictive association between victimization in both the family and at school and future bullying victimization...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427369/suicidal-ideation-and-its-correlates-among-high-school-students-in-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents' suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among 15-17-year-old high school students in Iran. METHODS: Self-administered, Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample (N =1517) of high-school students aged 15-17 in the city of Tabriz...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425005/is-spiritual-well-being-among-adolescents-associated-with-a-lower-level-of-bullying-behaviour-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-bullying-behaviour-of-peers
#5
Katarina Dutkova, Jana Holubcikova, Michaela Kravcova, Peter Babincak, Peter Tavel, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
The aim of this study was to explore the association between spiritual well-being and bullying among Slovak adolescents, and whether perceived bullying behaviour of peers mediated this relationship. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were used. Data were obtained from 9250 adolescents with a mean age of 13.48 years. The final sample consisted of 762 adolescents aged 15 years old (52.2% boys). We used logistic regression models and the Sobel test. Adolescents who reported a higher level of spiritual well-being were at lower risk of reporting that some or more schoolmates bully others or that they themselves bully others...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406857/spectacle-compliance-among-adolescents-a-qualitative-study-from-southern-india
#6
Anuradha Narayanan, Shuba Kumar, Krishna Kumar Ramani
PURPOSE: To understand the perceptions of adolescents and their parents about spectacle compliance of adolescents in Southern India. METHODS: Using a qualitative snapshot design, three focus group discussions were conducted each with parents and adolescents studying in schools located in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of participants. Separate focus group guides were developed for parents and adolescents. All focus group discussions were conducted in the school premises and audio recorded...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401049/consequences-of-bullying-victimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Sophie E Moore, Rosana E Norman, Shuichi Suetani, Hannah J Thomas, Peter D Sly, James G Scott
AIM: To identify health and psychosocial problems associated with bullying victimization and conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the causal evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC and PsycINFO electronic databases up to 28 February 2015. The study included published longitudinal and cross-sectional articles that examined health and psychosocial consequences of bullying victimization. All meta-analyses were based on quality-effects models...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394718/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-for-depression-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-queer-youth-a-systematic-review
#8
William J Hall
Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer (LGBQ) youth suffer from depression. Identifying modifiable risk and protective factors for depression can inform the development of psychosocial interventions. The aim of this review is to evaluate the methodological characteristics and summarize the substantive findings of studies examining psychosocial risk and protective factors for depression among LGBQ youth. Eight bibliographic databases were searched, and 35 studies that met all inclusion criteria were included for review...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394506/lithium-levels-in-tap-water-and-the-mental-health-problems-of-adolescents-an-individual-level-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinji Shimodera, Ryosuke Fujito, Ken Sawada, Takeshi Terao, Toshi A Furukawa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Shimpei Inoue, Nozomu Asukai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between lithium level in tap water and mental health problems, including depressive symptoms, anxiety, and aggressive and suicidal behaviors, in a general population of adolescents using a large individual-level dataset. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kochi Prefecture in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Students in 24 public junior high schools were asked to anonymously complete a self-report questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391968/bullying-victimization-and-suicide-ideation-and-behavior-among-adolescents-in-europe-a-10-country-study
#10
Shira Barzilay, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Alan Apter, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess, Julio Bobes, Pilar Saiz, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Raphaela Banzer, Paul Corcoran, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Vita Postuvan, Tina Podlogar, Merike Sisask, Airi Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
PURPOSE: To examine risk and protective factors moderating the associations between three types of bullying victimization (physical, verbal, and relational bullying) with suicide ideation/attempts in a large representative sample of European adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data on 11,110 students (mean age = 14.9, standard deviation = .89) recruited from 168 schools in 10 European Union countries involved in the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388923/effectiveness-of-a-novel-mobile-health-education-intervention-peek-on-spectacle-wear-among-children-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Priya Morjaria, Andrew Bastawrous, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Jennifer Evans, Clare Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Uncorrected refractive errors are the commonest cause of visual loss in children despite spectacle correction being highly cost-effective. Many affected children do not benefit from correction as a high proportion do not wear their spectacles. Reasons for non-wear include parental attitudes, overprescribing and children being teased/bullied. Most school programmes do not provide health education for affected children, their peers, teachers or parents. The Portable Eye Examination Kit (Peek) will be used in this study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387535/bullying-and-mental-health-and-suicidal-behaviour-among-14-to-15-year-olds-in-a-representative-sample-of-australian-children
#12
Rebecca Ford, Tania King, Naomi Priest, Anne Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first Australian population-based estimates of the association between bullying and adverse mental health outcomes and suicidality among Australian adolescents. METHOD: Analysis of data from 3537 adolescents, aged 14-15 years from Wave 6 of the K-cohort of Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was conducted. We used Poisson and linear regression to estimate associations between bullying type (none, relational-verbal, physical, both types) and role (no role, victim, bully, victim and bully), and mental health (measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, symptoms of anxiety and depression) and suicidality...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384522/poor-nutrition-and-bullying-behaviors-a-comparison-of-deviant-and-non-deviant-youth
#13
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright
Research on the topic of bullying has revealed that a substantial number of youth are bullied each year. Even so, a complete understanding of the origins of bullying behaviors remains elusive. In the current study, we propose that poor nutrition may constitute an important modifiable risk factor for bullying behaviors during adolescence, and that behavioral sensitivity to nutrition may vary across deviant and non-deviant youth. We employ data from the US sample of youth (52% male) ages 10-17 from the 2009-2010 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study to examine our hypothesis (N = 8753)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381331/social-and-health-determinants-of-adolescent-s-wellbeing-in-jordan-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#14
Diana H Arabiat, Abeer Shaheen, Ommaya Nassar, Mohammad Saleh, Ayman Mansour
PURPOSE: This study examined the extent to which health related aspect, health outcome, behaviour outcomes and social connectedness may predict adolescents' wellbeing at the schools of Jordan. METHODS: Using a two-stage cluster sampling technique 1166 adolescents completed the Health Behaviour of School Children survey. RESULTS: Stepwise Regression Analysis showed that the adolescents' wellbeing was predicted by academic achievements, bullying behaviour, eating habits, psycho-somatization, parent support and ease of communication with parents...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370841/treatment-recidivism-in-adolescents-with-mental-illness-a-focused-applied-medical-ethnography
#15
Chukwudi C Ekwemalor, Cathy L Rozmus, Joan C Engebretson, Marianne T Marcus, Rebecca L Casarez, Andrew R Harper
PROBLEM: Treatment recidivism, described as frequent unplanned relapse readmissions, is a national problem predominant in adolescents with mental illness. Because the main triggers of treatment recidivism are not fully understood, the purpose of this study was to explore treatment recidivism (i) to better understand treatment recidivism from the perspectives of recidivist adolescents with mental illness, (ii) to describe major factors that contribute to treatment recidivism and how best to minimize them from the perspectives of these adolescents, and (iii) to describe their interaction with the medical culture...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370337/are-school-and-home-environmental-characteristics-associated-with-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilian-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Maram Ali M Alwadi, Mario Vianna Vettore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the association of contextual school and home environmental characteristics and individual factors with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a representative sample of Brazilian adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Individual-level data from 3854 fifteen- to nineteen-year-olds who participated in the Brazilian Oral Health Survey were pooled with contextual city-level data. The dependent variable was the frequency of impacts of oral disorders on daily performances (OIDP extent), as a measure of OHRQoL...
March 31, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359909/worries-weirdos-neighborhoods-and-knowing-people-a-qualitative-study-with-children-and-parents-regarding-children-s-independent-mobility
#17
S B Crawford, S K Bennetts, N J Hackworth, J Green, H Graesser, A R Cooklin, J Matthews, L Strazdins, S R Zubrick, F D'Esposito, J M Nicholson
This qualitative study involved focus groups with 132 children and 12 parents in primary and secondary schools in metropolitan and regional areas of Victoria, Australia, to explore experiences and perceptions of children's independent mobility. The study highlights the impact of family routines, neighborhood characteristics, social norms and reference points for decision making. Children reported a wider range of safety concerns than parents, including harm from strangers or traffic, bullying, or getting lost...
March 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358905/violent-relationships-at-the-social-ecological-level-a-multi-mediation-model-to-predict-adolescent-victimization-by-peers-bullying-and-depression-in-early-and-late-adolescence
#18
Xavier Oriol, Rafael Miranda, Alberto Amutio, Hedy C Acosta, Michelle C Mendoza, Javier Torres-Vallejos
BACKGROUND: From the social-ecological perspective, exposure to violence at the different developmental levels is fundamental to explain the dynamics of violence and victimization in educational centers. The following study aims at analyzing how these relationships are produced in the Peruvian context, where structural violence situations exist. METHODS: A multi-mediation structural model with 21,416 Peruvian adolescents (M = 13.69; SD = 0.71) was conducted to determine the influence of violence in the school environment on violence perceived within school and violence exercised by teachers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348603/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-peer-victimization-bullying-among-grades-7-and-8-middle-school-students-in-kuwait
#19
Ahmad J Abdulsalam, Abdullah E Al Daihani, Konstantinos Francis
Background. Peer victimization (bullying) is a universal phenomenon with detrimental effects. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and factors of bullying among grades 7 and 8 middle school students in Kuwait. Methods. The study is a cross-sectional study that includes a sample of 989 7th and 8th grade middle school students randomly selected from schools. The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire was used to measure different forms of bullying. After adjusting for confounding, logistic regression identified the significant associated factors related to bullying...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345134/the-association-between-political-violence-and-the-connection-between-bullying-and-suicidality-among-palestinian-youth
#20
Ziad Abdeen, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Ora Nakash, Nabil Shibli, Maayan Nagar, Hazem Agha, Sameh Hallaq, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Hendrik Juerges, Itzhak Levav, Radwan Qasrawi
We examined the association between protracted political violence and the connection between bullying and suicidality among Palestinian adolescents. Data were collected from a representative sample of Palestinian students (N = 5,713) from 100 schools in the West Bank and East Jerusalem who completed an in-class survey. Students who were victims of bullying or bully victims who were exposed to political violence were at higher risk for suicide attempts compared to students who were victims of bullying or bully victims but not exposed to political violence...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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