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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802386/otoplasty-for-prominent-ears-demographics-and-surgical-timing-in-different-populations
#1
Lauri Kajosaari, Juhani Pennanen, Tuomas Klockars
INTRODUCTION: Prominent ears are seen in approximately 5% of the population. This benign condition can be treated surgically to reduce or prevent psychological and social problems, most commonly in children before the start of school. Our aim was to examine the demographic characteristics of patients undergoing prominent ear surgery in Finland, and compare findings with international data. METHODS: A retrospective study of all the patients treated for prominent ears in our academic tertiary care referral center during 2007-2011 was performed to gather demographic details of operated patients...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796067/factors-associated-with-bystander-behaviors-of-korean-youth-in-school-bullying-situations-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Seung Ae Yang, Dong Hee Kim
The behaviors of bystanders can have important effects on their peers. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial and contextual factors associated with 3 types of bystander behavior (bully followers, outsiders, and defenders of victims) among Korean youth. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted among 416 7th and 8th-grade students from 1 middle school in Korea. The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Korean version of the Social Problem-Solving Inventory, and measurements of relationships with friends and teachers, empathy, concerns about being bullied, attitudes toward bullying, and bystander behaviors were all used in the assessment...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783110/bullying-behaviors-among-macanese-adolescents-association-with-psychosocial-variables
#3
Xue Weng, Wing Hong Chui, Liu Liu
Bullying is a widespread public health problem among school students. Using a large sample of Macanese school adolescents, the present study examines psychosocial conditions and demographic characteristics in discriminating the following four subgroups of students: victims; bullies; bully-victims; and a comparison group of adolescents. Participants included 2288 adolescents from 13 primary and secondary schools in Macau whose ages ranged from 10 to 20 years. Statistical results revealed significant differences among the groups and indicated that adolescents who are involved in school bullying experience worse psychosocial adjustment...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774581/ethnic-differences-in-bullying-victimization-and-psychological-distress-a-test-of-an-ecological-model
#4
Siyon Rhee, Sei-Young Lee, Sook-Hee Jung
This study examines ethnic differences in the prevalence of bullying victimization by peers as well as the associations between bullying victimization and psychological distress with relevant ecological factors including parental supervision, school support, and community safety. The study utilized the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) Adolescents Data, which was collected in the United States using a multi-stage stratified sampling design with a Random Digit-Dial method. The final study sample contained a total of 2367 adolescents, comprised of 48...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758217/being-a-good-or-a-just-teacher-which-experiences-of-teachers-behavior-can-be-more-predictive-of-school-bullying
#5
Matthias Donat, Michel Knigge, Claudia Dalbert
In two cross-sectional questionnaire studies with N = 2,931 German students, aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 14.1, SD = 0.5), we investigated the relation between students' bullying behavior and their personal belief in a just world (BJW). We considered students' personal experience of teacher justice as a possible mediator in this relation and investigated whether the students' experiences of their teachers' classroom management explained bullying behavior in addition to personal BJW and teacher justice, while statistically controlling for sex and school type...
July 30, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756895/stigma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-sexual-minorities
#6
S Bryn Austin, Allegra R Gordon, Najat J Ziyadeh, Brittany M Charlton, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Mihail Samnaliev
INTRODUCTION: Stigma against sexual minorities is well documented, but its long-term consequences for health-related quality of life (HRQL) are unknown. This study examined stigma-related predictors of sexual orientation disparities in HRQL and their contribution to young adult HRQL disparities. METHODS: In 2013, participants (N=7,304, aged 18-31 years) reported sexual orientation (completely heterosexual [CH], mostly heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian/gay). The EQ5D-5L, preference weighted for the U...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752745/national-time-trends-in-bullying-among-adolescents-in-the-czech-republic-from-1994-to-2014
#7
Mária Sarková, Dagmar Sigmundová, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: Bullying in school is a public health concern which continues to be a serious threat to physical and emotional health of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to examine trends in bullying behaviour among school-aged children in the Czech Republic. METHODS: Data were obtained from cross-sectional self-report surveys in the years 1994-2014 as a part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (HBSC) from a representative sample of 11-, 13-, and 15-year olds...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740782/a-population-based-exploration-of-the-social-implications-associated-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#8
Adam D Glener, Alexander C Allori, Ronnie L Shammas, Anna R Carlson, Irene J Pien, Arthur S Aylsworth, Robert Meyer, Luiz Pimenta, Ronald Strauss, Stephanie Watkins, Jeffrey R Marcus
BACKGROUND: Clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) carry a social stigma that often causes psychosocial stress. The purpose of this study was to consider the association of cleft phenotype and age with self-reported aspects of psychosocial stress. METHODS: Children with nonsyndromic CL/P and unaffected children born between 1997 and 2003 were identified through the North Carolina Birth Defects Monitoring Program and North Carolina birth records, respectively. The psychosocial concerns of children with CL/P were assessed via a 29-question subset of a larger survey...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736148/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-lives-of-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#9
Marla E Eisenberg, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Glynis Shea, Eli Coleman
PURPOSE: Research suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may be at greatly increased risk of high-risk health behaviors compared with cisgender youth, but existing studies are limited by convenience samples and small numbers. This study uses a large school-based sample of adolescents to describe the prevalence of TGNC identity, associations with health risk behaviors and protective factors, and differences across birth-assigned sex. METHODS: This study analyzes existing surveillance data provided by 9th and 11th grade students in Minnesota in 2016 (N = 81,885)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731856/bullying-its-effects-on-attitude-towards-class-attendance-and-the-contribution-of-physical-and-dentofacial-features-among-adolescents-in-northern-nigeria
#10
Oguchi Chikaodi, Yahaya Abdulmanan, Adeyemi Tope Emmanuel, Jibril Muhammad, Modu Adam Mohammed, Akpasa Izegboya, Otuyemi Olayinka Donald, Sani Balarabe
Background Bullying is a worldwide problem with varying consequences. Victims of school bullying may be targeted for many reasons including their appearance. They may also fear school and have difficulties in concentration. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bullying amongst adolescents in Kano, Northern Nigeria, the contribution of physical features and the perceived effect of bullying on their academic performance and school attendance. Subjects and methods Eight hundred and thirty-five students aged between 12 years and 17 years from eight randomly selected secondary schools in Kano, Nigeria took part in this study...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731374/trait-emotional-intelligence-related-to-bullying-in-elementary-school-children-and-to-victimization-in-boys
#11
Andrew A Peachey, Jeanne Wenos, Stephanie Baller
While Healthy People 2020 calls for a reduction of bullying among high school students as a public health priority, earlier intervention supported by Occupational Therapists may be warranted. The current study investigated the prevalence of bullying behaviors within an elementary school, compared the experiences of victims with those of perpetrators, and determined when and for whom Trait Emotional Intelligence is a predictor of bullying and victimization. Elementary school children ( n = 235) in Grades 3 to 5 completed the Forms of Bullying Scale-Victim, the Forms of Bullying Scale-Perpetrator, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Short Form...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724432/the-role-of-peer-victimization-in-the-physical-activity-and-screen-time-of-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson, John C Spence, Guy Faulkner, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Negative peer experiences may lead adolescents with overweight and obesity to be less active and engage in more sitting-related behaviors. Our study is among the first to empirically test these associations and hypothesized that 1) peer victimization would mediate the negative association between body weight status and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and 2) peer victimization would mediate the positive association between body weight status and screen time. Differences by gender were also explored...
July 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723310/sense-of-belonging-and-youth-suicidal-behaviors-what-do-communities-and-schools-have-to-do-with-it
#14
Katarzyna Olcoń, Yeonwoo Kim, Lauren E Gulbas
Situating Thomas Joiner's concept of belonging within an ecological perspective, this study examined the associations between school and community belonging and suicidal ideation and attempts among high school students. The study used data from the 2013 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 2,560). Results demonstrated that community belonging reduced the odds of youth suicidal behaviors. School bullying, feeling unsafe at school, and being threatened or injured at a school increased the odds of suicidal behaviors...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#15
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713309/associations-among-different-internet-access-time-gender-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-in-taiwan-s-adolescents
#16
Cheng-Min Chao, Tai-Kuei Yu
With the increasing convenience of social networking sites and their interconnectedness with human interaction, verbal and image bullying have turned digital, making cyberbullying a new form of bullying attracting the attention of researchers, social workers, and schools. This study focuses on the status quo of attitude toward cyberbullying and cyberbullying behavior, explores associations of attitude toward behavior on cyberbullying behavior in gender and different internet access times. In a cross-sectional survey, adolescents were surveyed through self-report questionnaires, 13,864 respondents were received among 150 high schools in Taiwan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711812/bullying-involvement-and-adolescent-substance-use-a-multilevel-investigation-of-individual-and-neighbourhood-risk-factors
#17
Laura J Lambe, Wendy M Craig
BACKGROUND: Youth involved with school bullying are vulnerable to many negative outcomes, including substance use. Research has yet to examine how this vulnerability operates in the context of other individual and neighbourhood differences. The current study aimed to fill this gap by using multilevel modeling to investigate both the individual and neighbourhood risk factors associated with frequent drunkenness and frequent cannabis use among adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2010 Canadian Health Behaviours in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey were analyzed...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711191/the-relationships-between-violence-in-childhood-and-educational-outcomes-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Deborah Fry, Xiangming Fang, Stuart Elliott, Tabitha Casey, Xiaodong Zheng, Jiaoyuan Li, Lani Florian, Gillean McCluskey
This is the first study to estimate the association globally between violence in childhood on educational outcomes, addressing a significant gap in the current evidence base. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were conducted to identify 67 and 43 studies respectively from 21 countries to estimate the relationship between different types of violence in childhood on educational outcomes including school dropout/graduation, school absence, academic achievement and other educational outcomes such as grade retention, learning outcomes and remedial classes...
July 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705692/how-early-do-social-determinants-of-health-begin-to-operate-results-from-the-fragile-families-and-child-wellbeing-study
#19
Anao Zhang, Yolanda C Padilla, Yeonwoo Kim
From a life course perspective, important insights about how social determinants of health operate can be gained by analyzing the various forms that social climate can take in different life periods. For children, a critical aspect of social climate is exposure to bullying. Bullying can serve as a proxy for power imbalance and social exclusion analogous to adult social climate of discrimination and racism. We used the Year 9 follow-up data of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3301) that, for the first time included interviews with the children...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701974/substance-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-bullying-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#20
Jorge Gaete, Bernardita Tornero, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Christina Salmivalli, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya
Being involved in bullying as a victim or perpetrator could have deleterious health consequences. Even though there is some evidence that bullies and victims of bullying have a higher risk for drug use, less is known about bystanders. The aim of this research was to study the association between bullying experience (as victims, bullies, or bystanders) and substance use. We gathered complete information from a nationally representative sample of 36,687 students (51.4% female) attending 756 schools in Chile. We used a self-reported questionnaire which was developed based on similar instruments used elsewhere...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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