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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339839/recent-advances-in-understanding-pelvic-floor-tissue-of-women-with-and-without-pelvic-organ-prolapse-considerations-for-physical-therapists
#1
Kimberly Saunders
Pelvic organ prolapse is a fairly common condition that imposes significant symptoms, diminished quality of life, social burden, financial expense, and surgical risk on women. As evidence supporting the benefit of pelvic floor muscle training in non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse grows, physical therapists are becoming a provider of choice interacting with women affected by pelvic organ prolapse. This perspective will review recent research on tissue characteristics of three key components of pelvic organ support: skeletal muscle, ligament, and the vaginal wall...
February 28, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333904/-intestinal-endometriosis-a-case-report
#2
Sławomir Krzemiński
Endometriosis intestines due to its non-specific symptoms can pose diagnostic problems, a lack of or incorrect treatment worsens the quality of life, sometimes leading to serious complications. The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain, especially in patients of reproductive age should be taken disease into account. Often abdominal pain in young women are classified as a functional gastrointestinal disorder, and only carefully collected intelligence allows you to focus on the diagnosis of endometriosis, especially if the symptoms significantly impair quality of life...
March 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333818/practice-bulletin-no-176-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#3
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% ()...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333810/practice-bulletin-no-176-summary-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#4
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (1). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (2). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% (3)...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333708/cost-effectiveness-of-antihypertensive-medication-exploring-race-and-sex-differences-using-data-from-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-study
#5
Gabriel S Tajeu, Stephen Mennemeyer, Nir Menachemi, Robert Weech-Maldonado, Meredith Kilgore
BACKGROUND: Antihypertensive medication decreases risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in adults with hypertension. Although black adults have higher prevalence of hypertension and worse CVD outcomes compared with whites, limited attention has been given to the cost-effectiveness of antihypertensive medication for blacks. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of antihypertensive medication treatment versus no-treatment in white and black adults. RESEARCH DESIGN: We constructed a State Transition Model to assess the costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) associated with either antihypertensive medication treatment or no-treatment using data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study and published literature...
March 22, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333032/ethical-moral-and-other-aspects-related-to-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients
#6
Bruno Ramalho de Carvalho, Jhenifer Kliemchen, Teresa K Woodruff
Post-treatment fertility emerges as an important issue in the early counseling of individuals with cancer, since survivors may have their quality of life affected by the occurrence of functional failure of the gonads because of antineoplastic therapies. In the context, oncofertility has been developed as an interdisciplinary field of study that combines expertise in reproductive medicine and oncology, to provide strategies aiming to maintain the possibility of future procreation. Today, we have many options and techniques available for the preservation of gametes in men and women...
February 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331360/clear-differences-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-proteome-between-women-with-chronic-widespread-pain-and-healthy-women-a-multivariate-explorative-cross-sectional-study
#7
Patrik Olausson, Bijar Ghafouri, Emmanuel Bäckryd, Björn Gerdle
INTRODUCTION: Frequent chronic local pain can develop into chronic widespread pain (CWP). The spread of pain is correlated with pain intensity, anxiety, and depression, conditions that ultimately lead to a poor quality of life. Knowledge is incomplete about CWP's etiology, although it has been suggested that both central hyperexcitability and/or a combination with peripheral factors may be involved. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could act as a mirror for the central nervous system as proteins are signal substances that activate the formation of algesics and control nociceptive processes...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331155/therapeutic-efficacy-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-therapy-versus-exercise-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-prospective-study
#8
Naoto Takahashi, Jun-Ichi Omata, Masumi Iwabuchi, Hironari Fukuda, Osamu Shirado
Therapy for chronic, nonspecific low back pain is mainly conservative: medication and/or exercise. Pharmacotherapy, however, has side effects, and the quantities of concomitant drugs in older persons require attention. Although exercise promises improved function, its use to alleviate pain is controversial. Thus, we compared the efficacy of pharmacotherapy versus exercise for treating chronic nonspecific low back pain. The pharmacotherapy group (n=18: 8 men, 10 women) were prescribed celecoxib monotherapy...
March 22, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329853/early-origins-of-later-life-psychological-well-being-a-novel-application-of-causal-mediation-analysis-to-life-course-research
#9
Tirth R Bhatta, Jeffrey M Albert, Eva Kahana, Nirmala Lekhak
Objectives: This study employs a novel approach to mediation analysis to clarify the influence of interrelated indicators of life course socioeconomic status (SES) on later life psychological well-being in India. Contrary to traditional approaches (i.e., use of product and difference-in-coefficients), we recognize the role of confounders in the estimation of total, direct, and indirect effects of parental education on respondents' psychological well-being. Method: Drawing from the first wave (2007-2010) of the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) and adopting a counterfactual approach, we estimate both natural direct and indirect effects of parental education through individual educational attainment (secondarily, through household assets as an additional mediator) on respondents' life-satisfaction and quality of life (QOL)...
March 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329822/it-s-all-about-the-relationship-cognitively-intact-mother-daughter-care-dyads-in-hospice-at-home
#10
Diane N Solomon, Lissi Hansen, Judith G Baggs
Purpose of the Study: Adult daughters providing care to aging, ill mothers comprise the most prevalent caregiving dyad. Little is known, however, regarding relationship quality and its impact on care in these dyads, particularly in the context of cognitively intact patients at end of life in hospice. This interpretive descriptive work privileges voices of terminally ill mothers and care-partnering daughters in the home hospice context. Specific aims were to describe and interpret how mothers and daughters: (a) perceive relationship quality and (b) perceive how relationships have developed over time through health, chronic illness, and hospice...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329752/prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-a-cohort-study-in-the-city-of-izmir
#11
Omer Demir, Volkan Sen, Bora Irer, Ozan Bozkurt, Adil Esen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and possible risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) among women aged 18 or older living in the city of Izmir, located in the Aegean coast of Turkey. METHODS: A questionnaire and the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) were filled by urologists (O.D., V.S., A.E., O.B., and B.I.) with face-to-face interview. The participants with urge UI (UUI) and stress UI (SUI) were compared in terms of risk factors, quality of life (QoL) scores, severity of incontinence, status of doctor consultation, and total ICIQ-SF scores...
March 22, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#12
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328852/impact-of-the-quality-of-life-related-to-foot-health-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#13
Daniel López-López, Inés Rodríguez-Vila, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Carlos Romero-Morales, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
Pregnancy women coincide with numerous anatomical and physiological changes, which are believed to have a harmful effect on the quality of life related to foot health. The goal of this research was to identify and compare the impact foot health and overall health in a sample of pregnancy women and women without pregnancies with normalised reference values.A sample of 159 participants of a mean age of 30.13 ± 6.28 came to the area of midwifery center where self-reported data were registered, informants' with a 1 or various pregnancy was determined and the scores obtained were compared in the foot health status questionnaire (FHSQ)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328825/prevalence-of-symptomatic-hip-knee-and-spine-osteoarthritis-nationwide-health-survey-analysis-of-an-elderly-korean-population
#14
Jung-Ho Park, Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Woo Suh, Si-Young Park, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Seung-Woo Han
Osteoarthritis is prominent among the elderly, with symptoms originating from multiple parts of the body. A cross-sectional study of a nationwide survey was performed to describe the prevalence of and identify factors related to symptomatic hip, knee, and spine osteoarthritis.This cross-sectional study collected data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-5; 2010-2012). After excluding ineligible subjects, there were 8976 subjects in this study (3830 males and 5146 females)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328641/a-formula-for-planning-and-predicting-postoperative-mammoplasty-results
#15
Mary G Smithson, Sherry S Collawn, Mina S Mousa, Carly M Bramel
PURPOSE: For women with macromastia, reduction mammoplasty is a safe and effective solution to increasing quality of life through alleviating pain and improving aesthetics. This study developed a way to combine a surgeon's view of breast measurement (volume) with a patient's view of breast measurement (distance between nipple and notch, inframammary fold, or midline) to provide patients with a better understanding of expected surgical outcomes after breast reduction with a medial superior pedicle...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328249/-prevalence-potential-risk-factors-and-sequelae-of-diastasis-recti-abdominis
#16
Stefánia Gitta, Zoltán Magyar, Péter Tardi, Istvánné Füge, Melinda Járomi, Pongrác Ács, János Garai, József Bódis, Márta Hock
INTRODUCTION: There is scant knowledge on diastasis recti which occurs mostly in 3rd trimester of pregnancy. AIM: Our aim was to assign the prevalence of diastasis recti and the possible risk factors and to investigate its association with some chronical diseases, like low back pain and urinary incontinence. METHOD: 200 women's interrectus distance was measured who filled out a self-made diastasis recti questionnaire, the SF-36, Oswestry Disability Index and the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire - Urinary Incontinence Short Form questionnaires...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327186/clinical-behavioural-and-pharmacogenomic-factors-influencing-the-response-to-levothyroxine-therapy-in-patients-with-primary-hypothyroidism-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#17
Rosie Dew, Onyebuchi Okosieme, Colin Dayan, Vinay Eligar, Ishrat Khan, Salman Razvi, Simon Pearce, Scott Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal thyroid hormone therapy including under-replacement and over-replacement is common amongst patients with hypothyroidism. This is a significant health concern as affected patients are at risk of adverse cardiovascular or metabolic consequences. Despite a growing body of evidence on the effects of various factors on thyroid hormone replacement, a systematic appraisal of the evidence is lacking. This review aims to appraise and quantify the extent to which clinical, behavioural and pharmacogenomic factors affect levothyroxine therapy in patients with primary hypothyroidism...
March 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327172/effect-of-guizhifulingwan-keishibukuryogan-on-climacteric-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#18
Jung-Eun Kim, Junghyo Cho, Ojin Kwon, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, So-Young Jung, Joo-Hee Kim, Mikyung Kim, Hye-Yoon Lee, Jun-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of Guizhifulingwan (GFW) in the treatment of climacteric syndrome in women. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design pilot trial. Fifty participants with climacteric syndrome will be randomly allocated to the GFW or placebo group in a 1:1 ratio. The participants will be administered GFW or placebo granules three times a day for 4 weeks and will be followed up for a further 4 weeks...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326507/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-quality-of-life-among-survivors-of-early-stage-breast-cancer
#19
Sheri J Hartman, Catherine R Marinac, John Bellettiere, Suneeta Godbole, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E Patterson, Jacqueline Kerr
PURPOSE: This study examined relationships between sedentary behavior accumulated in different bout durations and quality of life (QoL) among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors completed the Short Form Health Survey to assess QoL and wore an accelerometer to measure sedentary behavior and physical activity between August 2011 and May 2013. RESULTS: Participants (n = 134) averaged 509.7 min/day in sedentary time with 285...
March 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326332/quality-of-life-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Daniela Marchetti, Danilo Carrozzino, Federica Fraticelli, Mario Fulcheri, Ester Vitacolonna
Background and Objective. Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) could significantly increase the likelihood of health problems concerning both potential risks for the mother, fetus, and child's development and negative effects on maternal mental health above all in terms of a diminished Quality of Life (QoL). The current systematic review study is aimed at further contributing to an advancement of knowledge about the clinical link between GDM and QoL. Methods. According to PRISMA guidelines, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies aimed at evaluating and/or improving levels of QoL in women diagnosed with GDM...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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