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Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Arman Zargaran
The Sassanid Empire in Persia (224-637 AD) ruled one of the most influential eras in world history. They with the Romans and later the Byzantines were two global powers in ancient times. Medicine was well organized in the official Sassanid system. Hospitals, medical centers, and universities were developed throughout Persia during their reign. This study brings to light for the first time the era's medical views on the heart and blood, based on extant Sassanid Pahlavi manuscripts and documents. Although these documents are non-medical texts (because Sassanid medical texts were destroyed in attacks on Iran by neighboring powers, such as Alexander the Macedonian and leaders of the Arab Empire throughout history), some novel theories on the history of cardiology can be found among them...
March 15, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
Siamak Adhami
The medical sciences in Sasanian society, in late Antiquity, constitute a rather neglected field of inquiry. Our most reliable sources for the study of this particular period in the history of science include a number of texts that were written in several older Iranian languages. In the following pages, we offer translations and commentaries on two such texts, written in Middle Persian, dealing with the life sciences. The topics discussed include copulation, pregnancies in various species, lactation, and moral and physical characteristics in the offspring...
2011: Early Science and Medicine
Akbar Rajaee
The Rheumatology Division in the Department of Internal Medicine at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) (former Pahlavi University) (was established by Dr. Ali-Asghar Eghtedari in 1970. Drs. Mohammad Salami and Hadi Hedayati joined this division in 1973 and 1974, respectively. Since 1980, Dr. Akbar Rajaee has been in charge of this division. In 1986, the rheumatology subspeciality training program at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences was approved by the Ministry of Health.
March 2010: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Khosrow Nasr
The history of Shiraz University School of Medicine (the former Pahlavi University School of Medicine) is important if we are to understand the development of medical education in Iran during the 20th century. This medical school took a unique path to its development including full-time faculty members, use of English as its institutional language, and emphasis on self learning. However, the most important of all is that it applied scientific method and modern knowledge to the problems of Iran and that it emphasized the importance of relevance of medical education to the problems of the region...
January 2009: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Kenneth E Fleisher, David L Hirsch, Iman Ali Pahlavi, Robert Glickman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2004: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M Bloom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 1980: Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1976: Pahlavi Medical Journal
B Joorabchi, A R Chawhan
The clinical comprehensive examination given to Pahlavi University medical students in their last year was designed to include three types of questions: multiple choice questions (MCQ's) testing factual recall, MCQ's measuring clinical problems solving ability, and simulated patient management problems (PMP's). The scores of the three types of questions were compared with the five-year cumulative class standing and with each other. It was found that the class standing was very highly correlated with MCQ's testing for recall of information...
December 1975: British Journal of Medical Education
M Nikkhou
15 cases of acute renal failure following ingestion of bichloride of mercury were studied at Pahlavi medical center, university of Teheran, between 1962 and 1972. All the patients admitted suicide attempts. All had oliguria and uremia except one, in whom oliguria was moderate without azotemia. There were four deaths among the 15 patients, three of them with gastrointestinal hemorrhage; secondery infection and the prolonged acute uremia probably were the cause of death in another one. Early administration of B...
1975: Acta Medica Iranica
M Daneshpajouh, M A Barzegar, A Nadim
A survey of cardiovascular diseases was carried out in June-August 1973 in the city of Pahlavi, a port in the Caspian area in Iran. A representative sample was taken from persons aged 35 years and older from both sexes. The prevalence of high blood pressure (WHO definition) is 29,7% in men and 31,0% in women of this age group. ECG tracings were prepared and the prevalence of various abnormalities are presented. A considerable proportion of the population have ST segment and T wave abnormalities. Correlation between ECG abnormalities and blood pressure figures has been studied...
1976: Acta Cardiologica
N M Merchant, E Pournadeali, S P Zimmer, H A Ronaghy
Questions related to the use of narcotics were administered to 607 students attending four Iranian universities: Pahlavi University, the University of Tehran, Isfahan University, and Aryamehr University. Twenty-four percent of the students reported that they have used drugs at some time, although only 11% of the students have used drugs more than three times in their lives. Hashish was the most frequently used drug, having been used by 54% of the students who have used narcotics. Ninty percent of the students prefer to ingest the drugs by smoking them...
October 1976: Pahlavi Medical Journal
A Sedaghat
Thirty-four patients with tuberculosis were skin tested with 5 tuberculin units (TU) of purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PPD). PPD supplied by Park Davis and Co., Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. (PPD-PD) as well as PPD obtained from The Razi Institute, Hessarak, Teheran (PPD-RI) were both used for skin testing in each patient. The results indicate that 74-79% of patients with active tuberculosis have positive tuberculin reactions, that PPD-RI is a potent source of tuberculin for skin testing and that a substantial proportion of our tuberculous patients (21-26%) have negative tuberculin skin reactions...
October 1976: Pahlavi Medical Journal
M Tirgari
An experimental study on the homogeneous transplantation of the major part of the lateral and medial femoral trochleae and trochlear groove with articular cartilage was carried out in the School of Veterinary Medicine, Pahlavi University, Shiraz. The results of postoperative clinical examinations and regular radiographical observations are described. Finally, the pathological findings and surgico-pathological observations are noted. The advantages of using the technique described and its possible clinical applications are discussed...
September 4, 1976: Veterinary Record
A Sedaghat
A case of cholera admitted to the Pahlavi University Medical Centre is presented and the aetiology, pathophysiology, complications and treatment of the disease are reviewed and discussed.
July 1976: Pahlavi Medical Journal
K Nasr, P Haghighi, K Bakhshandeh, P Abadi, A Lahimgarzadeh
Primary upper small-intestinal lymphoma (PUSIL) has now been recognized as a distinct clinical entity with a distinct geographic distribution. Herewith are presented 40 cases of PUSIL seen at Pahlavi University Hospitals in Southern Iran. The investigation reveals the lymphoma to be predominantly a disease of those under 30 and males; the major complaints and physical findings point to an intraabdominal disease. An exception has been clubbing and osteoarthropathy. Special features of PUSIL include: (1) protein loss into the gastrointestinal tract leading to hypoalbuminemia and edema; (2) an antibiotic-responsive diarrhea and steatorrhea; and (3) an associated abnormal heavy-chain protein...
April 1976: American Journal of Digestive Diseases
A Sedaghat
In 50 non-tuberculous adult patients hospitalized in the Pahlavi University Medical Center skin testing with 5 tuberculin units of purified protein derivative of mammalian Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PPD-M) and equivalent amounts of antigen from Mycobacterium kansasii (PPD-Y) and Mycobacterium Gause (PPD-G), as well as 0.1 ml mumps antigen was carried out. Thirty four per cent, 26 per cent and 12 per cent of the patients had induration greater than 10 mm in diameter to PPD-M, PPD-Y and PPD-G respectively. However, only 28 per cent, 8 per cent and 2 per cent had induration to the above antigens which was greater than 10 mm in diameter and in which the induration was greater than that produced by the other mycobacterial antigens tested...
October 1977: Pahlavi Medical Journal
P Haghighi, N Mostafavi, F Dezhbakhsh, M Ariazad, H Ghassemi, A Cook, S Salmassi, I Nabizadeh, S Asvadi
A study of 81 childhood lymphomas diagnosed in the Department of Pathology of Pahlavi University Medical Center, Shiraz, Iran, encompassing all histologically diagnosed childhood lymphomas from the Fars Province, Southern Iran over a 14-year period (1963--1976) revealed a 3:1 male predominance and a 1:4 frequency compared to adult lymphomas. Peripheral lymphadenopathy at the initial physical examination was almost twice as common as deep node involvement. Comparison of cumulative and age-standardized (to world population) incidence rates with those of selected Tumor Registries in various continents revealed a higher rate in our region of both non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphoma relative to some of the Western countries...
July 1979: Cancer
A Sedaghat, S M Ardehali, M Sadigh, M Buxton
To determine the prevalence of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in the Fars Province of Iran, sera from 300 patients hospitalised at the Pahlavi University Medical Centre in Shiraz were tested. There were 157 males and 143 females, with a mean age of 39 years (range 10--80 years). The indirect immunofluorescent antibody technique was used and titres of 1:16 and above were considered positive. Eighty eight patients of whom 50 were male and 38 female (mean age 41 years, range 14--80 years) had positive sera. Of these 88 patients, 35 (40%), 25 (28%), 17 (19%), 5 (6%) and 6 (7%) had antibody titres of 1:16, 1:32, 1:64, 1:128 and 1:256 respectively...
October 1978: Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
A Nadim, M A Barzegar, M Daneshpajooh
Blood pressure levels of three groups of people 35 years and older in the Guilan province, Northern Iran are compared. One group in the city of Bandar Pahlavi (550) another group in the coastal villages near the city (510) and the third in the mountain villages, less than 100 km far from the city (272). This study shows that in both sexes, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure are lowest in the mountain villages, highest in the city and intermediate in the coastal villages. The possible causes of the observed differences are discussed...
1978: Acta Cardiologica
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