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Myeong-Il Cha, Gi Woon Kim, Chu Hyun Kim, Minhong Choa, Dai Hai Choi, Inbyung Kim, Soon Joo Wang, In Sool Yoo, Han Deok Yoon, Kang Hyun Lee, Suck Ju Cho, Tag Heo, Eun Seog Hong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and document the disaster medical response during the Gyeongju Mauna Ocean Resort gymnasium collapse on February 17, 2014. METHODS: Official records of each institution were verified to select the study population. All the medical records and emergency medical service run sheets were reviewed by an emergency physician. Personal or telephonic interviews were conducted, without a separate questionnaire, if the institutions or agencies crucial to disaster response did not have official records or if information from different institutions was inconsistent...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Chara Tzavara, George Samoutis, Mamas Theodorou
Although the importance of patient participation in the design and evaluation of health programs and services is well-documented, there is scarcity of research with regard to patient association (PA) participation in health policy decision-making processes. To this end, the present study aimed to validate further a previously developed instrument as well as to investigate the degree of PA participation in health policy decision-making in Cyprus. A convenient sample of 114 patients-members of patients associations took part in the study...
June 20, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Margaret Benjamin Lyatuu, Temina Mkumbwa, Raz Stevenson, Marissa Isidro, Francis Modaha, Heather Katcher, Christina Nyhus Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiency in Tanzania is a significant public health problem, with vitamin A deficiency (VAD) affecting 34% of children aged 6 to 59 months. Since 2007, development partners have worked closely to advocate for the inclusion of twice-yearly vitamin A supplementation and deworming (VASD) activities with budgets at the subnational level, where funding and implementation occur. As part of the advocacy work, a VASD planning and budgeting tool (PBT) was developed and is used by district officials to justify allocation of funds...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
L Williams, E McGovern, O Kimmich, A Molloy, I Beiser, J S Butler, F Molloy, P Logan, D G Healy, T Lynch, R Walsh, L Cassidy, P Moriarty, H Moore, T McSwiney, C Walsh, S O'Riordan, M Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Adult onset idiopathic isolated focal dystonia presents with a number of phenotypes. Reported prevalence rates vary considerably; well-characterized cohorts are important to our understanding of this disorder. AIM: To perform a nationwide epidemiological study of adult onset idiopathic isolated focal dystonia in the Republic of Ireland. METHODS: Patients with adult onset idiopathic isolated focal dystonia were recruited from multiple sources...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Per Koren Solvang, Halvor Hanisch, Jan D Reinhardt
PURPOSE: EU policy documents and health scholars point out that in order to understand the complexity of modern health systems, as well as to devise appropriate policy responses, considering micro, meso, and macro levels is indispensable. This article aims to develop an analytical framework for how rehabilitation as an interdisciplinary field can be framed in such a three-level framework. METHODS: This is a conceptual paper based on recent contributions to the development of a theory of rehabilitation...
September 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lori L Boland, Jonathan S Hokanson, Karl M Fernstrom, Tyler G Kinzy, Charles J Lick, Paul A Satterlee, Brian K LaCroix
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to pilot test the delivery of sepsis education to emergency medical services (EMS) providers and the feasibility of equipping them with temporal artery thermometers (TATs) and handheld lactate meters to aid in the prehospital recognition of sepsis. METHODS: This study used a convenience sample of prehospital patients meeting established criteria for sepsis. Paramedics received education on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria, were trained in the use of TATs and hand-held lactate meters, and enrolled patients who had a recent history of infection, met ≥ 2 SIRS criteria, and were being transported to a participating hospital...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ann Hagensen, Amy E London, Jennifer J Phillips, W Scott Helton, Vincent J Picozzi, C Craig Blackmore
PURPOSE: Despite the importance of the patient care experience to quality and outcome, the literature detailing the care experience in patients with pancreatic cancer is limited. METHODS: To elicit the experience of patients with pancreatic cancer for care redesign, we deployed experience-based design, an emerging methodology based on identification of events of high emotional content, known as touch points, to delineate qualitatively what matters most to patients and families...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Andrew S Nickels, David O Warner, Sarah Michelle Jenkins, Jon Tilburt, J Taylor Hays
INTRODUCTION: We sought to assess physician knowledge/beliefs, self-efficacy, and experience/practice patterns surrounding smoking cessation and electronic cigarettes. METHODS: An eight-page survey sent via US Postal service. The initial invitation included a $10 cash incentive and up to three invitations were sent. Fifteen hundred US physicians were identified with equal representation from primary care physicians (internal medicine and family practice), surgical care physicians (general surgeons and anesthesiologists), and pulmonologists...
August 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Brad Wright, Amy M J OʼShea, Justin M Glasgow, Padmaja Ayyagari, Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin
Recent studies have documented that a significant increase in the use of observation stays along with extensive variation in patterns of use across hospitals.The objective of this longitudinal observational study was to examine the extent to which patient, hospital, and local health system characteristics explain variation in observation stay rates across Veterans Health Administration (VHA) hospitals.Our data came from years 2005 to 2012 of the nationwide VHA Medical SAS inpatient and enrollment files, American Hospital Association Survey, and Area Health Resource File...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Laura C Pinheiro, Cleo A Samuel, Katherine E Reeder-Hayes, Stephanie B Wheeler, Andrew F Olshan, Bryce B Reeve
PURPOSE: Although racial disparities in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among women with breast cancer (BC) are well documented, less is known about HRQOL changes over time among women of different races. Our objective was to assess racial differences in HRQOL during active treatment and survivorship phases of BC care. METHODS: We used data from the third phase of the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (CBCS-III). CBCS-III enrolled 3000 women in North Carolina aged 20-74 years diagnosed with BC between 2008 and 2013...
October 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Nadia Aspromonte, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Andrea Di Lenarda, Andrea Mortara, Ilaria Battistoni, Renata De Maria, Michele Gabriele, Massimo Iacoviello, Alessandro Navazio, Daniela Pini, Giuseppe Di Tano, Marco Marini, Renato Pietro Ricci, Gianfranco Alunni, Donatella Radini, Marco Metra, Francesco Romeo
Changing demographics and an increasing burden of multiple chronic comorbidities in western countries dictate refocusing of heart failure (HF) services from acute in-hospital care to better support the long inter-critical out-of-hospital phases of HF. The needs of the HF population are not adequately addressed by current HF outpatient services, as documented by differences in age, gender, comorbidities and recommended therapies between patients discharged for hospitalized HF and those followed up at HF clinics...
July 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Joy H Lewis, Kate Whelihan, Isaac Navarro, Kimberly R Boyle
BACKGROUND: The social determinants of health (SDH) are conditions that shape the overall health of an individual on a continuous basis. As momentum for addressing social factors in primary care settings grows, provider ability to identify, treat and assess these factors remains unknown. Community health centers care for over 20-million of America's highest risk populations. This study at three centers evaluates provider ability to identify, treat and code for the SDH. METHODS: Investigators utilized a pre-study survey and a card study design to obtain evidence from the point of care...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Daniel Urias, Jennifer Silvis, Lusine Mesropyan, Emma Oberlander, Thomas Simunich, James Tretter
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients are at increased risk for developing venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease. The EAST (Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma) practice management guidelines identified risk factors for VTE, as well as indications for prophylactic inferior vena cava filters (IVCF). In a 2009 study, our institution found a 26% retrieval rate for IVCF. Lack of retrieval was most consistently due to lack of follow-up. Our study is a follow-up analysis for retrieval rate of IVCF, since the formation of a geriatric trauma service...
July 15, 2016: Injury
Aimee N C Campbell, Don Des Jarlais, Cooper Hannah, Sarah Braunstein, Susan Tross, Laura Kersanske, Christine Borges, Martina Pavlicova, Kevin Jefferson, Howard Newville, Laurel Weaver, Margaret Wolff
BACKGROUND: The intersection of HIV-related health outcomes and problem substance use has been well documented. New York City continues to be a focal point of the U.S. HIV epidemic. In 2011, the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYC DOHMH) issued a recommendation that all HIV infected individuals should be offered antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 cell count or other indicators of disease progression. This policy is based in the concept of "treatment as prevention," in which providing ART to people living with HIV (PLWH) greatly reduces the likelihood of HIV transmission, while also improving individual health...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Shogo Kanamori, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: The 5S management method (where 5S stands for sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain) was originally implemented by manufacturing enterprises in Japan. It was then introduced to the manufacturing sector in the West and eventually applied to the health sector for organizing and standardizing the workplace. 5S has recently received attention as a potential solution for improving government health-care services in low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a narrative literature review to explore its applicability to health-care facilities globally, with a focus on three aspects: (a) the context of its application, (b) its impacts, and (c) its adoption as part of government initiatives...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
Soma Sen, Hoang Dung Nguyen, So Yung Kim, Jemel Aguilar
Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) are the fastest growing population in the United States with documented increases in HIV rates. AAPIs are as likely as other racial/ethnic groups to engage in HIV-related risk behaviors, while being concomitantly less likely to have been HIV tested. Testing is a critical step in HIV prevention. Research points to various barriers to HIV-related testing including HIV knowledge and attitude and stigma. However, these factors and their impact among AAPIs are poorly understood...
July 13, 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Mona Jabbour, S Reid, C Polihronis, P Cloutier, W Gardner, A Kennedy, C Gray, R Zemek, K Pajer, N Barrowman, M Cappelli
BACKGROUND: While the emergency department (ED) is often a first point of entry for children and youth with mental health (MH) concerns, there is a limited capacity to respond to MH needs in this setting. Child MH systems are typically fragmented among multiple ministries, organizations, and providers. Communication among these groups is often poor, resulting in gaps, particularly in transitions of care, for this vulnerable population. The evidence-based Emergency Department Mental Health Clinical Pathway (EDMHCP) was created with two main goals: (1) to guide risk assessment and disposition decision-making for children and youth presenting to the ED with MH concerns and (2) to provide a streamlined transition to follow-up services with community MH agencies (CMHAs) and other providers...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Jennifer K Cano, Angel M Foster
BACKGROUND: Abortion has been legal without restriction in Canada since 1988 and is recognized as a medically necessary service. However, research indicates that women still face numerous barriers to accessing care, challenges which are amplified for women living in rural, remote, and northern regions in Canada. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study aimed to document women's experiences seeking and obtaining abortion services while residing in Yukon Territory, identify financial and personal costs, and explore avenues through which services could be improved...
June 29, 2016: Contraception
Jean E Balestrery
: Indigenous peoples around the world endure health and social disparities. In the United States, such disparities are typically ameliorated through conventional care services and organizations. PURPOSE: This study examines salient points of tension that characterize culturally pluralistic care services in the United States, specifically Alaska, within context of Indigenous colonial histories. DESIGN AND METHODS: The research design is ethnographic and multi-sited, comprising 12 months of fieldwork across urban, rural and remote village sites in Alaska...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Penelope Reimers, Kiersten Israel-Ballard, Lenore Spies, Frank Tanser, Ibou Thior, W Scott Gordon, Anna Coutsoudis
BACKGROUND: The uptake of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) services has improved in South Africa but challenges remain, including adherence to the World Health Organization's (WHO) PMTCT recommendations of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), taking antiretroviral medication (ARV); testing for early infant diagnosis; and reducing stigma. Women who practice EBF for the first 6 months are less likely to transmit HIV to their infants, yet only 7% of women EBF for 6 months in South Africa...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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