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heavy metal stress on plant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432881/improvement-in-cadmium-tolerance-of-edible-rape-brassica-rapa-l-with-exogenous-application-of-chitooligosaccharide
#1
Haiying Zong, Kecheng Li, Song Liu, Lin Song, Ronge Xing, Xiaolin Chen, Pengcheng Li
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals, which is readily taken up by plant roots and has deleterious effects on crop yield and quality. The study investigated the potential cross-protection roles of chitooligosaccharide (COS) in alleviating Cd toxicity in edible rape (Brassica rapa L.) under greenhouse conditions. The results demonstrated that spraying COS onto the leaves of edible rape could promote the plant growth and leaf chlorophyll contents, decrease the malondialdehyde (MDA) level in leaves as well as the Cd(2+) concentration in shoots and roots of edible rape under Cd stress...
April 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397121/effect-of-biochar-on-alleviation-of-cadmium-toxicity-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-grown-on-cd-contaminated-saline-soil
#2
Tahir Abbas, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Adrees, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Yong Sik Ok, Ghulam Murtaza
Soil degradation by salinity and accumulation of trace elements such as cadmium (Cd) in the soils are expected to become one of the most critical issues hindering sustainable production and feeding the increasing population. Biochar (BC) has been known to protect the plants against soil salinity and heavy metal stress. A soil culture study was performed to evaluate the effect of BC on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growth, biomass, and reducing Cd and sodium (Na) uptake grown in Cd-contaminated saline soil under ambient conditions...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386269/silicon-and-plants-current-knowledge-and-technological-perspectives
#3
Marie Luyckx, Jean-Francois Hausman, Stanley Lutts, Gea Guerriero
Elemental silicon (Si), after oxygen, is the second most abundant element in the earth's crust, which is mainly composed of silicates. Si is not considered essential for plant growth and development, however, increasing evidence in the literature shows that this metalloid is beneficial to plants, especially under stress conditions. Indeed Si alleviates the toxic effects caused by abiotic stresses, e.g., salt stress, drought, heavy metals, to name a few. Biogenic silica is also a deterrent against herbivores...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377746/genome-guided-insights-into-the-plant-growth-promotion-capabilities-of-the-physiologically-versatile-bacillus-aryabhattai-strain-ab211
#4
Chandrima Bhattacharyya, Utpal Bakshi, Ivy Mallick, Shayantan Mukherji, Biswajit Bera, Abhrajyoti Ghosh
Bacillus aryabhattai AB211 is a plant growth promoting, Gram-positive firmicute, isolated from the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis), one of the oldest perennial crops and a major non-alcoholic beverage widely consumed all over the world. The whole genome of B. aryabhattai AB211 was sequenced, annotated and evaluated with special focus on genomic elements related to plant microbe interaction. It's genome sequence reveals the presence of a 5,403,026 bp chromosome. A total of 5226 putative protein-coding sequences, 16 rRNA, 120 tRNA, 8 ncRNAs, 58 non-protein coding genes, and 11 prophage regions were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364646/the-influences-of-cr-tolerant-rhizobacteria-in-phytoremediation-and-attenuation-of-cr-vi-stress-in-agronomic-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l
#5
Ali Bahadur, Rizwan Ahmad, Aftab Afzal, Huyuan Feng, Vishandas Suthar, Asfa Batool, Aman Khan, Muhammad Mahmood-Ul-Hassan
Chromium contamination of agronomic soil has to turn into a serious global problem. This research was pointed to assess the effects of three Cr-tolerant rhizobacteria (SS1, SS3, and SS6) on sunflower growth and heavy metal uptake under Cr smog i.e. 20, 30 and 40 ppm using K2Cr2O7. Root promotion assay and pot experiment were conducted to investigate and evaluate the effects of Cr tolerance rhizobacteria and Cr accumulation capacity of sunflower. From root promotion assay non-significant variation was observed in the root length between SS1 and SS3 compared with un-inoculated whereas SS6 enhanced the root length in the absence and presence of chromium...
July 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357721/heavy-metal-accumulation-and-ecosystem-engineering-by-two-common-mine-site-nesting-ant-species-implications-for-pollution-level-assessment-and-bioremediation-of-coal-mine-soil
#6
Shbbir R Khan, Satish K Singh, Neelkamal Rastogi
The present study focuses on the abundance, heavy metal content, and the impact of ecosystem engineering activities of two coal mine site-inhabiting ant species, Cataglyphis longipedem and Camponotus compressus. The abundance of Ct. longipedem increased while that of C. compressus decreased, with increasing soil pollution. Correspondence analysis reveals a close association between soil heavy metal concentrations and Ct. longipedem abundance, but this association is lacking in the case of C. compressus. Cataglyphis ants which occupy stress-characterized niches appear to be pre-adapted to tolerate heavy metal pollution...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357462/effect-of-cadmium-stress-on-non-enzymatic-antioxidant-and-nitric-oxide-levels-in-two-varieties-of-maize-zea-mays
#7
Ayodele Jacob Akinyemi, Oluwabamise Lekan Faboya, Israel Olayide, Opeyemi Ayodeji Faboya, Tosin Ijabadeniyi
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals that inhibit physiological processes of plants. Hence, the present study sought to investigate the effect of cadmium-contaminated seeds from two varieties of maize (Zea mays) on non-enzymatic antioxidant and nitric oxide levels. Seeds of yellow and white maize were exposed to different concentrations of Cd (0, 1, 3 and 5 ppm) for two weeks. The results from this study revealed that both varieties of maize bio-accumulate Cd in leaves in a dose-dependent manner...
March 29, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301324/response-of-alternative-splice-isoforms-of-osrad9-gene-from-oryza-sativa-to-environmental-stress
#8
Rui Li, Wenguo Wang, Fosheng Li, Qingwei Wang, Shenghua Wang, Ying Xu, Fang Chen
Rad9 protein plays an important role in cell-cycle checkpoint signal transduction in human and yeast cells, but knowledge about Rad9 in plants is limited. This study reports that the Rad9 gene of rice can generate the transcript products OsRad9.1 and OsRad9.2 through alternative splicing. OsRad9.1, with all nine exons, is the main cell-cycle checkpoint protein involved in the response of rice to genotoxic stresses (ultraviolet radiation and antibiotic stress), environmental stresses (drought, salt, and heavy metal stress), and auxin stimuli (2,4-D, IAA, and IBA)...
March 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283985/effect-of-silicon-fertilizers-on-cadmium-in-rice-oryza-sativa-tissue-at-tillering-stage
#9
Xionghui Ji, Saihua Liu, Huang Juan, Elena A Bocharnikova, Vladimir V Matichenkov
Silicon has been found to enhance the plants' tolerance to heavy metal stress. In a field study, the effect of different types of Si-rich soil amendments (slag, ground slag, and diatomaceous earth) and fertilizers (activated slag, ground activated slag, and commercial Si fertilizer) on the distribution of soluble and insoluble forms of Cd in the rice plant organs grown on long-term cultivated paddy soil contaminated with Cd (central part of Hunan Province, China) was investigated. The soluble Si and Cd were tested in the apoplast and symplast of the roots, stems, and leaves of rice at a tillering stage...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273510/effects-of-cadmium-resistant-fungi-aspergillus-aculeatus-on-metabolic-profiles-of-bermudagrass-cynodondactylon-l-pers-under-cd-stress
#10
Xiaoning Li, Margaret Mukami Gitau, Shijuan Han, Jinmin Fu, Yan Xie
Plants' tolerance to heavy metal stress may be induced by the exploitation of microbes. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of cadmium (Cd)-resistant fungus, Aspergillus aculeatus, on tolerance to Cd and alteration of metabolites in bermudagrass under Cd stress, and identify the predominant metabolites associated with Cd tolerance. Two genotypes of bermudagrass with contrasting Cd tolerance (Cd-sensitive 'WB92' and Cd-tolerant 'WB242') were exposed to 0, 50, 150 and 250 mg kg(-1) Cd for 21 days...
February 20, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265276/abscisic-acid-signaling-and-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-plants-a-review-on-current-knowledge-and-future-prospects
#11
REVIEW
Kanchan Vishwakarma, Neha Upadhyay, Nitin Kumar, Gaurav Yadav, Jaspreet Singh, Rohit K Mishra, Vivek Kumar, Rishi Verma, R G Upadhyay, Mayank Pandey, Shivesh Sharma
Abiotic stress is one of the severe stresses of environment that lowers the growth and yield of any crop even on irrigated land throughout the world. A major phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an essential part in acting toward varied range of stresses like heavy metal stress, drought, thermal or heat stress, high level of salinity, low temperature, and radiation stress. Its role is also elaborated in various developmental processes including seed germination, seed dormancy, and closure of stomata. ABA acts by modifying the expression level of gene and subsequent analysis of cis- and trans-acting regulatory elements of responsive promoters...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246038/the-wheat-mutant-della-encoding-gene-rht-b1c-affects-plant-photosynthetic-responses-to-cadmium-stress
#12
Anelia G Dobrikova, Ekaterina K Yotsova, Andreas Börner, Svetlana P Landjeva, Emilia L Apostolova
Тhe sensitivity to cadmium (Cd) stress of two near-isogenic wheat lines with differences at the Rht-B1 locus, Rht-B1a (tall wild type, encoding DELLA proteins) and Rht-B1c (dwarf mutant, encoding modified DELLA proteins), was investigated. The effects of 100 μM CdCl2 on plant growth, pigment content and functional activity of the photosynthetic apparatus of wheat seedlings grown on a nutrient solution were evaluated through a combination of PAM chlorophyll fluorescence, oxygen evolution, oxidation-reduction kinetics of P700 and 77 K fluorescence...
February 20, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231558/alleviating-effects-of-calcium-on-cobalt-toxicity-in-two-barley-genotypes-differing-in-cobalt-tolerance
#13
Jonas Lwalaba Wa Lwalaba, Gerald Zvobgo, Liangbo Fu, Xuelei Zhang, Theodore Mulembo Mwamba, Noor Muhammad, Robert Prince Mukobo Mundende, Guoping Zhang
Cobalt (Co) contamination in soils is becoming a severe issue in environment safety and crop production. Calcium (Ca)(,) as a macro-nutrient element, shows the antagonism with many divalent heavy metals and the capacity of alleviating oxidative stress in plants. In this study, the protective role of Ca in alleviating Co stress was hydroponically investigated using two barley genotypes differing in Co toxicity tolerance. Barley seedlings exposed to 100µM Co showed the significant reduction in growth and photosynthetic rate, and the dramatic increase in the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and the activities of anti-oxidative enzymes, with Ea52 (Co-sensitive) being much more affected than Yan66 (Co-tolerant)...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231504/effect-of-biochar-on-cadmium-bioavailability-and-uptake-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-grown-in-a-soil-with-aged-contamination
#14
Tahir Abbas, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Farhat Abbas, Fakhir Hannan, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known and widespread toxic heavy metal while the effects of biochar (BC) on Cd bioavailability and toxicity in wheat, especially in soils with aged contamination are largely unknown. In the present study, the effect of rice straw BC on Cd immobilization in soil and uptake by wheat in an agricultural contaminated-soil was investigated. Different levels of rice straw BC (0%, 1.5%, 3.0% and 5% w/w) were incorporated into the soil and incubated for two weeks. After this, wheat plants were grown in the amended soil until maturity...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204874/effects-of-calcium-at-toxic-concentrations-of-cadmium-in-plants
#15
REVIEW
Danlian Huang, Xiaomin Gong, Yunguo Liu, Guangming Zeng, Cui Lai, Hassan Bashir, Lu Zhou, Dafei Wang, Piao Xu, Min Cheng, Jia Wan
This review provides new insight that calcium plays important roles in plant growth, heavy metal accumulation and translocation, photosynthesis, oxidative damage and signal transduction under cadmium stress. Increasing heavy metal pollution problems have raised word-wide concerns. Cadmium (Cd), being a highly toxic metal, poses potential risks both to ecosystems and human health. Compared with conventional technologies, phytoremediation, being cost-efficient, highly stable and environment-friendly, is believed to be a promising green technology for Cd decontamination...
February 15, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155655/between-species-differences-in-gene-copy-number-are-enriched-among-functions-critical-for-adaptive-evolution-in-arabidopsis-halleri
#16
Vasantika Suryawanshi, Ina N Talke, Michael Weber, Roland Eils, Benedikt Brors, Stephan Clemens, Ute Krämer
BACKGROUND: Gene copy number divergence between species is a form of genetic polymorphism that contributes significantly to both genome size and phenotypic variation. In plants, copy number expansions of single genes were implicated in cultivar- or species-specific tolerance of high levels of soil boron, aluminium or calamine-type heavy metals, respectively. Arabidopsis halleri is a zinc- and cadmium-hyperaccumulating extremophile species capable of growing on heavy-metal contaminated, toxic soils...
December 22, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153402/assessment-of-biotransfer-and-bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-lead-and-zinc-from-fly-ash-amended-soil-in-mustard-aphid-beetle-food-chain
#17
Mudasir Irfan Dar, Iain D Green, Mohd Irfan Naikoo, Fareed Ahmad Khan, Abid Ali Ansari, Mohd Iqbal Lone
The present study investigates the extent of biotransfer and bioaccumulation of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) from fly ash amended soil in mustard (Brassica juncea)-aphid (Lipaphis erysimi)-beetle (Coccinella septempunctata) food chain and its subsequent implications for the beetle. The soil was amended with fly ash at the rates of 0, 5, 10, 20 and 40% (w/w). Our results showed that the uptake of Cd, Pb and Zn from soil to mustard root increased with the increase in fly ash application rates, but their root to shoot translocation was relatively restricted...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146098/comprehensive-analysis-of-rice-laccase-gene-oslac-family-and-ectopic-expression-of-oslac10-enhances-tolerance-to-copper-stress-in-arabidopsis
#18
Qingquan Liu, Le Luo, Xiaoxiao Wang, Zhenguo Shen, Luqing Zheng
Laccases are encoded by a multigene family and widely distributed in plant genomes where they play roles oxidizing monolignols to produce higher-order lignin involved in plant development and stress responses. We identified 30 laccase genes (OsLACs) from rice, which can be divided into five subfamilies, mostly expressed during early development of the endosperm, growing roots, and stems. OsLACs can be induced by hormones, salt, drought, and heavy metals stresses. The expression level of OsLAC10 increased 1200-fold after treatment with 20 μM Cu for 12 h...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138761/synergistic-effects-between-si-hemicellulose-matrix-ligands-and-zn-ions-in-inhibiting-cd-ion-uptake-in-rice-oryza-sativa-cells
#19
Jie Ma, Xiuqing Zhang, Lijun Wang
Our study demonstrated that Zn alleviated Cd toxicity in the presence of Si in the cell walls by Zn (2+) binding to ligands through the formation of the [Si-hemicellulose matrix]Zn complexes that restrict the uptake of Cd. The plant cell wall exhibits preferential sites for the accumulation of metals at toxic concentrations. Through modification of wall polysaccharide components, elements, such as silicon (Si) and zinc (Zn), may play active roles in alleviating the toxicity of heavy metals, including cadmium (Cd)...
January 30, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134574/amelioration-of-salt-stress-on-bermudagrass-by-the-fungus-aspergillus-aculeatus
#20
Yan Xie, Shijuan Han, Xiaoning Li, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu
There is considerable evidence that plant abiotic-stress tolerance can be evoked by the exploitation of a globally abundant microbe. A. aculeatus, which was initially isolated from the rhizosphere of bermudagrass, has been shown to increase heavy metal tolerance in turfgrasses. Here, we report on the potential of A. aculeatus to induce tolerance to salt stress in bermudagrass. Physiological markers for salt stress, such as plant growth rate, lipid peroxidation, photosynthesis, and ionic homeostasis were assessed...
March 29, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
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