keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

APO E GENE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642237/mediator-1-is-atherosclerosis-protective-by-regulating-macrophage-polarization
#1
Liang Bai, Zhao Li, Qianwei Li, Hua Guan, Sihai Zhao, Ruihan Liu, Rong Wang, Jin Zhang, Yuzhi Jia, Jianglin Fan, Nanping Wang, Janardan K Reddy, John Y-J Shyy, Enqi Liu
OBJECTIVE: MED1 (mediator 1) interacts with transcription factors to regulate transcriptional machinery. The role of MED1 in macrophage biology and the relevant disease state remains to be investigated. APPROACH AND RESULTS: To study the molecular mechanism by which MED1 regulates the M1/M2 phenotype switch of macrophage and the effect on atherosclerosis, we generated MED1/apolipoprotein E (ApoE) double-deficient (MED1(ΔMac)/ApoE(-)(/-)) mice and found that atherosclerosis was greater in MED1(ΔMac)/ApoE(-/-) mice than in MED1(fl/fl)/ApoE(-/-) littermates...
June 22, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634213/omega-3-fatty-acids-increase-the-unfolded-protein-response-and-improve-amyloid-%C3%AE-phagocytosis-by-macrophages-of-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#2
Henry M Olivera-Perez, Larry Lam, Johnny Dang, Weilan Jiang, Fabian Rodriguez, Elizabeth Rigali, Sarah Weitzman, Verna Porter, Liudmilla Rubi, Marco Morselli, Matteo Pellegrini, Milan Fiala
Mϕs of patients with Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are defective in amyloid-β1-42 (Aβ) phagocytosis and have low resistance to apoptosis by Aβ. ω-3 in vitro and in vivo and the ω-3 mediator, resolvin D1, in vitro increase Aβ phagocytosis by Mϕs of patients with MCI. We have investigated the unfolded protein response (UPR) to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by Mϕs in a longitudinal study of fish-derived, ω-3-supplemented patients with MCI. Patients in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE)e3/e3 subgroup over time exhibited an increase of protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) expression, Aβ phagocytosis, intermediate M1-M2 Mϕ type, and a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) rate of change of +1...
June 20, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626864/detecting-genetic-association-through-shortest-paths-in-a-bidirected-graph
#3
Masao Ueki, Yoshinori Kawasaki, Gen Tamiya
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) commonly use marginal association tests for each single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). Because these tests treat SNPs as independent, their power will be suboptimal for detecting SNPs hidden by linkage disequilibrium (LD). One way to improve power is to use a multiple regression model. However, the large number of SNPs preclude simultaneous fitting with multiple regression, and subset regression is infeasible because of an exorbitant number of candidate subsets. We therefore propose a new method for detecting hidden SNPs having significant yet weak marginal association in a multiple regression model...
June 19, 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623948/one-carbon-metabolism-cognitive-impairment-and-csf-measures-of-alzheimer-pathology-homocysteine-and-beyond
#4
Loïc Dayon, Seu Ping Guiraud, John Corthésy, Laeticia Da Silva, Eugenia Migliavacca, Domilė Tautvydaitė, Aikaterini Oikonomidi, Barbara Moullet, Hugues Henry, Sylviane Métairon, Julien Marquis, Patrick Descombes, Sebastiano Collino, François-Pierre J Martin, Ivan Montoliu, Martin Kussmann, Jérôme Wojcik, Gene L Bowman, Julius Popp
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia, including Alzheimer disease (AD). Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing amino acid and metabolite of the methionine pathway. The interrelated methionine, purine, and thymidylate cycles constitute the one-carbon metabolism that plays a critical role in the synthesis of DNA, neurotransmitters, phospholipids, and myelin. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that one-carbon metabolites beyond Hcy are relevant to cognitive function and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measures of AD pathology in older adults...
June 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617356/-the-association-of-the-fas-apo-1-rs2234767-gene-polymorphism-with-the-risk-and-rapid-progression-of-multiple-sclerosis
#5
O M Nochevnaya, O V Pereverzeva, E A Sokolova, M L Phillipenko, S V Zamyatina, A S Palaschenko, E S Zhdanova, S A Elchaninova, I V Smagina
AIM: To evaluate the association of the FAS/APO-1 (rs2234767) gene polymorphism with the risk of multiple sclerosis and its progression dynamics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study included 100 patients with recurrent multiple sclerosis (MS), Russians from the Altai Territory, and 100 healthy volunteers. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to genotype the 1377G>A polymorphism in the promoter of the FAS/APO-1 (rs2234767) gene. Association of this polymorphism with the risk of multiple sclerosis and its progression was evaluated...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612048/obesity-accelerates-alzheimer-related-pathology-in-apoe4-but-not-apoe3-mice
#6
V Alexandra Moser, Christian J Pike
Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk is modified by both genetic and environmental risk factors, which are believed to interact to cooperatively modify pathogenesis. Although numerous genetic and environmental risk factors for AD have been identified, relatively little is known about potential gene-environment interactions in regulating disease risk. The strongest genetic risk factor for late-onset AD is the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE4). An important modifiable risk factor for AD is obesity, which has been shown to increase AD risk in humans and accelerate development of AD-related pathology in rodent models...
May 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607446/apoe-gene-polymorphism-in-long-lived-individuals-from-a-central-china-population
#7
Guodong Liu, Xiang Liu, Pulin Yu, Qi Wang, Hua Wang, Chenfang Li, Guangming Ye, Xiaoling Wu, Chunling Tan
Previous studies from European and East Asian cohorts reported conflicting results over whether and how the frequencies of the three common alleles, ε2, ε3 and ε4, of the apolioprotein E gene (APOE), in long-lived individuals differ from those in younger age groups. This study was the first to analyse these frequencies of long-lived individuals from central China. Genotyping of APOE alleles and genotypes was carried out in 70 long-lived individuals and 204 younger controls. No difference in the frequency of any APOE allele or genotype was found between the long-lived participants and their younger controls, but the long-lived group seemed to have a higher ε4 frequency (15...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601639/tofacitinib-ameliorates-atherosclerosis-and-reduces-foam-cell-formation-in-apoe-deficient-mice
#8
Zaicun Wang, Shumei Wang, Zunzhe Wang, Tiantian Yun, Chenchen Wang, Huating Wang
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory cardiovascular disease with high mortality worldwide. Tofacitinib (CP-690,550), an oral small-molecule Janus kinase inhibitor, has been shown to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune encephalomyelitis and ulcerative colitis. However, its protective effect against atherosclerosis remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of Tofacitinib on atherogenic diet (ATD)-induced atherosclerosis using apolipoprotein E deficient (apoE-/-) mice...
June 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596117/disrupted-white-matter-structural-networks-in-healthy-older-adult-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-carriers-an-international-multicenter-dti-study
#9
Enrica Cavedo, Simone Lista, Katrine Rojkova, Patrizia A Chiesa, Marion Houot, Katharina Brueggen, Janusch Blautzik, Arun L W Bokde, Bruno Dubois, Frederik Barkhof, Petra J W Pouwels, Stefan Teipel, Harald Hampel
The ε4 allelic variant of the Apolipoprotein E gene (APOE ε4) is the best-established genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). White matter (WM) microstructural damages measured with Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) represent an early sign of fiber tract disconnection in AD. We examined the impact of APOE ε4 on WM microstructure in elderly individuals from the multicenter European DTI Study on Dementia. Voxelwise statistical analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity, radial and axial diffusivity (MD, radD and axD respectively) was carried out using Tract-Based Spatial Statistics...
June 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595908/association-of-angiotensin-ii-receptor-1-and-lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-mediates-the-cardiac-hypertrophy%C3%A2-induced-by-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein
#10
Yunzi Zhao, Yuqiu Li, Xiaohui Ning, Keping Chen, Shu Zhang
To date the molecular mechanism of cardiac hypertrophy has not been completely elucidated. Since oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is considered a risk marker for early ventricular remodeling, we speculated that ox-LDL may be related to cardiac hypertrophy. We observed the significantly upregulation of plasma ox-LDL and hypertrophic responses, such as cardiomyocyte size and specific gene expressions in Apo E(-/-) mice fed with high fat diet, accompanied by the upregulation of AT1-R and lectin-like oxidized low-density protein receptor 1 (LOX-1)...
June 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592707/endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-independent-pleiotropic-effects-of-pitavastatin-against-atherogenesis-and-limb-ischemia-in-mice
#11
Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Ryoko Uemoto, Kazue Ishikawa, Sumiko Yoshida, Yasumasa Ikeda, Shusuke Yagi, Toshio Matsumoto, Masashi Akaike, Ken-Ichi Aihara
AIM: Statins have a protective impact against cardiovascular diseases through not only lipid-lowering effects but also pleiotropic effects, including activation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) system. We aimed to clarify the protective effects of a statin against atherogenesis and ischemia in eNOS(-/-) mice. METHODS: Study 1. eNOS(-/-) Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)(-/-) mice were treated with a vehicle or pitavastatin (0.3 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578430/expression-profiles-of-cholesterol-metabolism-related-genes-are-altered-during-development-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-in-the-rat-spinal-cord
#12
Irena Lavrnja, Kosara Smiljanic, Danijela Savic, Aleksandra Mladenovic-Djordjevic, Katarina Tesovic, Selma Kanazir, Sanja Pekovic
Increased evidence suggests that dysregulation of cholesterol metabolism may be a key event contributing to progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). Using an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of MS we revealed specific changes in the mRNA and protein expression of key molecules involved in the maintaining of cholesterol homeostasis in the rat spinal cord: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme-A reductase (HMGCR), apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46A1) during the course of disease...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567013/the-effect-of-apolipoprotein-e-%C3%AE%C2%B54-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-on-visuospatial-working-memory-in-healthy-elderly-and-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-an-event-related-potentials-study
#13
Li-Hua Gu, Jiu Chen, Li-Juan Gao, Hao Shu, Zan Wang, Duan Liu, Yan-Na Yan, Shi-Jiang Li, Zhi-Jun Zhang
Background: Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 is the only established risk gene for late-onset, sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous studies have provided inconsistent evidence for the effect of APOE ε4 status on the visuospatial working memory (VSWM). Objective: The aim was to investigate the effect of APOE ε4 on VSWM with an event-related potential (ERP) study in healthy controls (HC) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients. Methods: The study recorded 39 aMCI patients (27 APOE ε4 non-carriers and 12 APOE ε4 carriers) and their 43 matched controls (25 APOE ε4 non-carriers and 18 APOE ε4 carriers) with an 64-channel electroencephalogram...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560728/decreasing-hazards-of-alzheimer-s-disease-with-the-use-of-antidepressants-mitigating-the-risk-of-depression-and-apolipoprotein-e
#14
Shanna L Burke, Peter Maramaldi, Tamara Cadet, Walter Kukull
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease, manifesting in clinically observable deficits in memory, thinking, and behavior that disproportionately affects older adults. Susceptibility genes, such as apolipoprotein ε4, have long been associated with an increased risk of AD diagnosis. Studies have shown associations between depression and increased risk of AD development. Furthermore, findings from previous investigations suggest mixed effects in the use of psychotropic medication in older adults...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559318/a-mechanism-for-lipid-binding-to-apoe-and-the-role-of-intrinsically-disordered-regions-coupled-to-domain-domain-interactions
#15
Carl Frieden, Hanliu Wang, Chris M W Ho
Relative to the apolipoprotein E (apoE) E3 allele of the APOE gene, apoE4 strongly increases the risk for the development of late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, apoE4 differs from apoE3 by only a single amino acid at position 112, which is arginine in apoE4 and cysteine in apoE3. It remains unclear why apoE3 and apoE4 are functionally different. Described here is a proposal for understanding the functional differences between these two isoforms with respect to lipid binding. A mechanism is proposed that is based on the full-length monomeric structure of the protein, on hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry data, and on the role of intrinsically disordered regions to control protein motions...
May 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558900/effect-of-clu-and-picalm-polymorphisms-on-ad-risk-a-study-from-south-india
#16
Bhagyalakshmi Mallapura Shankarappa, Lakshmi Narayanan Kota, Meera Purushottam, Kavita Nagpal, Odity Mukherjee, Biju Viswanath, Mathew Varghese, Srikala Bharath, Sanjeev Jain
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of apolipoprotein E (APOE), Clusterin (CLU) and phosphatidylinositol binding clathrin assembly protein (PICALM) polymorphisms in Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects compared to cognitively normal control subjects in an Indian population. METHODS: The study subjects included persons with AD (N=243) and age group matched healthy controls (N=164). All the AD subjects were evaluated using a standard protocol. DNA was isolated from whole blood...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554858/influence-of-low-frequency-psen1-variants-on-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-in-brazil
#17
Bianca Barbosa Abdala, Jussara Mendonça Dos Santos, Andressa Pereira Gonçalves, Luciana Branco da Motta, Jerson Laks, Margarete Borges de Borges, Márcia Mattos Gonçalves Pimentel, Cíntia Barros Santos-Rebouças
About 30-70% of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases are related to mutations in presenilin-1 gene (PSEN1). Although the role of mutations and common variants in AD had been extensively investigated, the contribution of rare or low frequency PSEN1 variants on AD risk remains unclear. In the current study, we performed a mutational screening of PSEN1 coding exons and flanking intronic sequences among 53 index cases with familial history of AD from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Two missense variants (rs63750592; rs17125721), one rare and a low frequency variant, and two intronic variants (rs3025786; rs165932) were identified...
May 26, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554490/candidate-gene-analysis-for-alzheimer-s-disease-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#18
Joseph H Lee, Annie J Lee, Lam-Ha Dang, Deborah Pang, Sergey Kisselev, Sharon J Krinsky-McHale, Warren B Zigman, José A Luchsinger, Wayne Silverman, Benjamin Tycko, Lorraine N Clark, Nicole Schupf
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) overexpress many genes on chromosome 21 due to trisomy and have high risk of dementia due to the Alzheimer's disease (AD) neuropathology. However, there is a wide range of phenotypic differences (e.g., age at onset of AD, amyloid β levels) among adults with DS, suggesting the importance of factors that modify risk within this particularly vulnerable population, including genotypic variability. Previous genetic studies in the general population have identified multiple genes that are associated with AD...
May 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550244/apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-modulation-of-training-outcomes-in-several-cognitive-domains-in-a-sample-of-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#19
Ramón López-Higes, Inmaculada C Rodríguez-Rojo, José M Prados, Pedro Montejo, David Del-Río, María Luisa Delgado-Losada, Mercedes Montenegro, David López-Sanz, Ana Barabash
BACKGROUND: Most research points to the ɛ4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene as the most recognizable genetic risk factor associated with Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. It has been also suggested that the APOEɛ4 allele has a negative influence on cognitive functioning, which begins long before cognitive impairment becomes manifest. However, still, little is known about the APOEɛ4 interaction with cognitive intervention programs. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study was to explore whether there was a differential APOE genotype modulation effect after cognitive training in different domains, such as language comprehension, executive functions, and memory...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548292/hypertriglyceridemic-acute-pancreatitis-in-an-emergency-department-the-typical-clinical-features-and-genetic-variants
#20
Wan Jun Chen, Xiao Fan Sun, Rui Xue Zhang, Min Jie Xu, Tong Hai Dou, Xiao Bin Zhang, Min Zhong, Wei Qiang Yang, Li Liu, Xiao Ye Lu, Chang Qing Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis (HTGAP), and the molecular foundation contributing to the hypertriglyceridemia in this group of patients. METHODS: Clinical data from 329 patients with AP were collected and analyzed. All the patients were divided into 1) HTGAP group (n = 40), with fasting serum triglyceride ≥ 500 mg/dL; and 2) NHTGAP group (n = 289). Next, the targeted next-generation sequencing was applied in 11 HTGAP patients to detect the genetic mutation associated with hypertriglyceridemia that included apolipoprotein A-5 (APOA5), apolipoprotein C-3 (APOC3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), BLK proto-oncogene, lipoprotein lipase (LPL), apolipoprotein C-2 (APOC2), glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored high density lipoprotein binding protein-1(GPIHBP1), and lipase maturation factor-1(LMF1)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
keyword
keyword
96773
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"