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hepatic encephalopaty

Juan P Arab, Rosa M Martin-Mateos, Vijay H Shah
The term gut-liver axis is used to highlight the close anatomical and functional relationship between the intestine and the liver. The intestine has a highly specialized epithelial membrane which regulates transport across the mucosa. Due to dysbiosis, impairment of the intestinal barrier and altered immunity status, bacterial products can reach the liver through the portal vein, where they are recognized by specific receptors, activate the immune system and lead to a proinflammatory response. Gut microbiota and bacterial translocation play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic liver diseases, including alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, and its complications, such as portal hypertension, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatic encephalopaty...
February 2018: Hepatology International
Meritxell Ventura, Juan Córdoba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Laurentiu Sorodoc, Catalina Lionte, Victorita Sorodoc, Ovidiu Petris, Irina Jaba
Patients with Amanita phalloides-induced liver failure (LF) have a high mortality, despite significant advances in intensive care management. Our study evaluated the effect of Molecular Absorbents Recirculating System (MARS) comparative with optimal intensive care (OIC) in adults with this condition, in the absence of liver transplantation (LT). Six consecutive patients (women, range 16-61 years) affected by A. phalloides-induced LF were treated with OIC (3 patients) and MARS (3 patients). Laboratory parameters and hepeatic encephalopaty were evaluated 15 min before and 24 hours following each MARS treatment...
October 2010: Human & Experimental Toxicology
D Jelev, Z Krastev
A 40-year-old viremic woman with HBV related liver cirrhosis (Child-Plugh - C) received 100 mg lamivudine daily for 24 months. Initially the patient was with hepato-splenomegaly, marked ascites and mild jaundice. There were no signs of portal encephalopaty and gastrointestinal haemorrhage. The baseline ALT was about 6 times above the upper limit of normal. Hypoalbuminemia of 29 g/l as well as hyperbilirubinemia of 40 mmol/L and decreased protrombin index of 47% was found. Serological tests showed positive serum HBsAg and anti-HBe antibodies...
December 2003: Hepato-gastroenterology
A Peracchia
The interposition mesocaval shunt is followed both by a splancnic and sinusoidal decompression, being for this reason considered not only the most effective peripheral porto-systemic shunt, but also one of the indicated operations in the treatment of intractable cyrrhotic ascites. Intractable cyrrhotic ascites was the main indication in 9 cases with very different clinical pictures treated by the Author with mesocaval shunt, having observed no operative mortality and resulting a complete disappearance of ascites in 8 out of 9 cases and of the cohexistent idrothorax in one case...
May 1975: L'Ateneo Parmense. Acta Bio-medica: Organo Della Società di Medicina e Scienze Naturali di Parma
M Gafà, L Sarli, D Mancia, M G Terzano, J Von Berger, F Ferrari, S Morosini, G Serventi, A Lechi, A Peracchia
The AA. describe a method of gradual occlusion of the portal vein in the rat to induce a hepatic encephalopaty. This method allows to realise a condition of hepatic ischemia and a portal hypertensive state accompanied by spontaneous portal-systemic shunts. These two factors produce a hepatic encephalopaty like in cirrhotic state or in patients after portal systemic anastomosis. A part from similar behavior at the beginning of the encephalopaty it is possible to define two classes of animals: one showing a slow recovery and one showing a transient and slight improvement followed at the end by the death of the animal...
1978: L'Ateneo Parmense. Acta Bio-medica: Organo Della Società di Medicina e Scienze Naturali di Parma
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