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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150215/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-ii-diet-supplements-drugs-sleep-pregnancy-and-systemic-hypertension
#1
A Antón-López, J Moreno-Montañés, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoo, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSE: To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification. RESULTS: The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#2
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131239/effectiveness-of-a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-grade-ii-ankle-sprains-due-to-sport-trauma-a-registry-study
#3
B Feragalli, E Ippolito, M Dugall, M Cacchio, G Belcaro, M R Cesarone, M Abdel-Tawab, A Riva, S Togni, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a novel delivery form of boswellic acids (Casperome®) in the management of signs and symptoms associated with ankle sprain grade II due to sport trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this supplement registry study, 72 otherwise healthy subjects with grade II ankle sprain induced by sport activities were advised to either follow a standard management (SM, 37 subjects) for the condition or the SM with the additional daily intake of 1 tablet containing 250 mg Casperome® (35 subjects)...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115866/four-experimental-stimulants-found-in-sports-and-weight-loss-supplements-2-amino-6-methylheptane-octodrine-1-4-dimethylamylamine-1-4-dmaa-1-3-dimethylamylamine-1-3-dmaa-and-1-3-dimethylbutylamine-1-3-dmba
#4
Pieter A Cohen, John C Travis, Peter H J Keizers, Patricia Deuster, Bastiaan J Venhuis
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration banned the stimulant 1,3-dimethylamylamine (1,3-DMAA) from dietary supplements and warned consumers that the stimulant can pose cardiovascular risks ranging from high blood pressure to heart attacks. OBJECTIVES: We designed our study to determine if a new stimulant similar in structure to 1,3-DMAA has been introduced as an ingredient in supplements sold in the United States (US). METHODS: We analyzed six brands of supplements that listed an ingredient on the label (e...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114645/longitudinal-study-assessing-factors-associated-with-mutans-streptococci-acquisition-in-infants-and-toddlers
#5
Tejasi Avasare, John Warren, Fang Qian, Teresa Marshall, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, David Drake
PURPOSE: To assess the role of sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical factors in early mutans streptococci (MS) colonization in children aged 6 to 24 months who were followed for 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four children (mean age: 11.5 ± 4.99 months at baseline) were enrolled in the study from the Women, Infants and Children Supplemental Nutrition Program during 2003-2004. Salivary MS levels of the children were determined at baseline and at 18 months using a semi-quantitative method...
November 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110555/oxidative-stress-or-redox-signalling-new-insights-into-the-effects-of-a-proprietary-multifunctional-botanical-dietary-supplement
#6
Boris V Nemzer, Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Bruno Fink, John M Hunter, Daniel König
Recent interest has focused on maintenance of healthy levels of redox signalling and the related oxidants; these parameters are crucial for providing us with concrete nutritional targets that may help us to better understand and maintain "optimal health". Following the above hypothesis, we performed a pilot double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled, single dose study to measure the dose-dependent effects of a proprietary plant-based dietary supplement labelled here as S7 (SPECTRA7), related to how it affected the cellular metabolic index (CMI) in healthy human participants (n = 8)...
November 7, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084416/analysis-for-higenamine-in-urine-by-means-of-uhplc-ms-ms-interpretation-of-results
#7
Krzysztof Grucza, Dorota Kwiatkowska, Katarzyna Kowalczyk, Mariola Wicka, Mirosław Szutowski, Piotr Chołbiński
Higenamine (Norcoclaurine) is a very popular substance in Chinese medicine and it is present in many plants. Moreover, the substance may be found in supplements or nutrients consumption of which may result in violation of anti-doping rules. Higenamine is prohibited in sport at all times and included in class S3 (β-2-agonists) of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) "2017 Prohibited List". Presence of higenamine in urine samples at concentration greater than or equal to 10 ng/mL constitutes an adverse analytical finding (AAF)...
October 30, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059531/creatine-use-in-sports
#8
Jessica Butts, Bret Jacobs, Matthew Silvis
CONTEXT: The use of creatine as a dietary supplement has become increasingly popular over the past several decades. Despite the popularity of creatine, questions remain with regard to dosing, effects on sports performance, and safety. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for articles published between 1980 and January 2017 using the terms creatine, creatine supplementation, sports performance, and dietary supplements. An additional Google search was performed to capture National Collegiate Athletic Association-specific creatine usage data and US dietary supplement and creatine sales...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053883/pharmacokinetics-of-inorganic-cobalt-and-a-vitamin-b12-supplement-in-the-thoroughbred-horse-differentiating-cobalt-abuse-from-supplementation
#9
L L Hillyer, Z Ridd, S Fenwick, P Hincks, S W Paine
BACKGROUND: Whilst cobalt is an essential micronutrient for vitamin B12 synthesis in the horse, at supra-physiological concentrations it has been shown to enhance performance in humans and rats and there is evidence that its administration in high doses to horses poses a welfare threat. Animal sport regulators currently control cobalt abuse via international race day thresholds, but since cobalt may be present in physiological concentrations this work was initiated to explore means of potentially adding to application of those thresholds...
October 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035404/-biological-significance-of-chromium-iii-for-the-human-organism
#10
REVIEW
Anna Piotrowska, Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Gabriel Nowak
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III...
October 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034144/exercise-treatments-for-psychosis-a-review
#11
Vijay A Mittal, Teresa Vargas, K Juston Osborne, Derek Dean, Tina Gupta, Ivanka Ristanovic, Christine I Hooker, Stewart A Shankman
Schizophrenia is a devastating mental illness that has profound effects on a person's health and quality of life. Exercise represents a promising new treatment option that may supplement current psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for psychosis. A large body of work suggests that exercise can improve cardio-metabolic and health behavior and facilitate neurogenesis in areas of the brain that are notably impacted by psychosis. Recent efforts to incorporate exercise as either stand-alone or adjunctive treatment for individuals with schizophrenia range from yoga and light stretching to moderately intense walking, bike riding, or team sports...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031342/the-competitive-senior-athlete
#12
REVIEW
David A Soto-Quijano
Clinicians should discuss common health issues of the older population and how medical problems affect their sports performance. Patients with chronic conditions, such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus, benefit from participation in sports. However, special care should be taken to keep the patient healthy and minimize effects of these conditions and their treatments in athletic performance. Another important consideration in the older athlete is fluid ingestion and the increased risk of dehydration. There is evidence that physical exercise reduces pain in osteoarthritis and enhances physical function of affected joints...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026842/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-iranian-pharmacists-body-builders-and-their-coaches-regarding-sports-supplements
#13
Peivand Bastani, Ali Amjad Nia, Mohammadreza Shabanpoor, Safoora Mehravar, Sara Kashefian
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted on Iranian pharmacists, coaches, and athletes regarding sports supplements to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding sports supplements. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015. The study population consisted of all community pharmacists, bodybuilders, and bodybuilding coaches. The questionnaire was applied consisting some demographic questions and 25 questions for assessing KAP (6, 9, and 10, respectively)...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023329/living-and-training-at-825m-for-8-weeks-supplemented-with-intermittent-hypoxic-training-at-3000m-improves-blood-parameters-and-running-performance
#14
Preetiwat Wonnabussapawich, Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore, Nuttaset Manimmanakorn, Naruemon Leelayuwat, Orathai Tunkamnerdthai, Worrawut Thuwakum, Apiwan Manimmanakorn
We aimed to investigate the effect of an 8-week low-altitude training block supplemented with intermittent hypoxic training, on blood and performance parameters in soccer players. Forty university-level male soccer players were separated into altitude (n = 20, 825m) or sea level (n = 20, 125m) groups. Before (1-2 days prior) and after (1 and 14 days post) training, players were asked to give a resting venous blood sample and complete a series of performance tests. Compared to sea level, the altitude group increased erythropoietin, red cell count and hematocrit 1 day post training (42...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987072/adult-use-of-complementary-and-integrative-approaches-to-improve-athletic-performance
#15
Marion Willard Evans, Harrison Ndetan, Vishaldeep Ka Sekhon, Ronald Williams, Brittney Oliver, Michael Perko, Conrad Woolsey, Karan P Singh
Context • In the United States in 2007, approximately 38% of adults, or 4 in 10, used some form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). An area in which little is known is the personal integration of CAM therapies by those individuals seeking to improve athletic performance. Objectives • The study intended to assess the use of integrative care by adult athletes in the United States as well as their satisfaction with it, as reported in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Design • A secondary analysis of the data from the Adult Alternative Health/Complementary Medicine file of the 2012 NHIS was performed...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976928/intended-or-unintended-doping-a-review-of-the-presence-of-doping-substances-in-dietary-supplements-used-in-sports
#16
REVIEW
José Miguel Martínez-Sanz, Isabel Sospedra, Christian Mañas Ortiz, Eduard Baladía, Angel Gil-Izquierdo, Rocio Ortiz-Moncada
INTRODUCTION: The use of dietary supplements is increasing among athletes, year after year. Related to the high rates of use, unintentional doping occurs. Unintentional doping refers to positive anti-doping tests due to the use of any supplement containing unlisted substances banned by anti-doping regulations and organizations, such as the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). The objective of this review is to summarize the presence of unlabeled doping substances in dietary supplements that are used in sports...
October 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966376/current-concepts-in-sports-injury-rehabilitation
#17
Himmat Dhillon, Sidak Dhilllon, Mandeep S Dhillon
In the modern era, rehabilitation after sports injury has become a domain for specialists, and its evolution has necessarily brought together the sports physiotherapist, the sports physician, and the orthopedic surgeon. The changing profile of sports related injury, as well as limited availability of facilities for rehabilitation in many areas of India, is a matter of concern. Elite sportspersons have some protection, but the average athlete is often left to fend for himself. Key factors in successful sports injury rehabilitation protocols are the application of modern rehabilitation protocols under appropriate supervision, appropriate and well timed surgical interventions, and judicious and need based use of pharmaceutical agents...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958664/faster-stronger-healthier-adolescent-stated-reasons-for-dietary-supplementation
#18
Katja Zdešar Kotnik, Gregor Jurak, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja
OBJECTIVE: Examine the underlying reasons and sources of recommendation for dietary supplement (DS) use among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of children's development in Slovenia in September to October, 2014. SETTING: Nationally recruited sample. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 14-19 years enrolled in 15 high schools (n = 1,463). VARIABLES MEASURED: Reasons for and sources of recommendation for DS use, sports club membership, sports discipline, and extent of physical activity (PA) were self-reported data...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947895/identifying-and-assessing-views-among-physically-active-adult-gym-members-in-israel-on-dietary-supplements
#19
Inbal Druker, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg
BACKGROUND: Sports dietary supplements are available for sale in public places including sports clubs. Although there is uncertainty regarding their safety, many gym members who regularly work out consume them. The present study aimed to identify the approaches and perspectives of the public who work out in gyms and take dietary supplements. It examined how professionals view sports dietary supplement consumption, and how they communicate this issue to gym members. The literature discusses the prevalence of SDS use among athletes, but rarely discusses or compares between the risk perceptions of gym members, trainers, and dietitians, who represent the physically-active general public, regarding SDS...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#20
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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