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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923117/challenges-in-the-assessment-of-total-fluid-intake-in-children-and-adolescents-a-discussion-paper
#1
REVIEW
Janet Warren, Isabelle Guelinckx, Barbara Livingstone, Nancy Potischman, Michael Nelson, Emma Foster, Bridget Holmes
PURPOSE: In recent years, evidence has emerged about the importance of healthy fluid intake in children for physical and mental performance and health, and in the prevention of obesity. Accurate data on water intake are needed to inform researchers and policymakers and for setting dietary reference values. However, to date, there are few published data on fluid or water intakes in children. This is due partly to the fact that drinking water is not always reported in dietary surveys. The aim of this paper is to review the current status of the literature and highlight the challenges of assessing total fluid intake in children and adolescents...
June 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921679/cross-sectional-study-of-cognitive-stress-appraisal-and-related-factors-among-workers-in-metropolitan-areas-of-japan
#2
Natsuka Tohmiya, Etsuko Tadaka, Azusa Arimoto
OBJECTIVE: Stress has major socioeconomic implications for all spheres of employment. It is a trigger for depression, and affects absenteeism, turnover, productivity, morale and suicide. Positive or negative cognitive stress appraisal can be a self-care strategy that affects workers' ability to cope with stress. This study examined cognitive stress appraisal among workers and identified related individual and environmental factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-administered postal questionnaires...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908383/cognition-mood-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-among-low-literacy-adults-living-with-epilepsy-in-rural-kenya-a-preliminary-study
#3
Patrick N Mwangala, Symon M Kariuki, Moses K Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
Epilepsy is frequently associated with neurocognitive impairments, mental health, and psychosocial problems but these are rarely documented in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the neurocognitive outcomes, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial adjustments of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We evaluated the impact of these outcomes on health-related quality of life. Self-report, interviewer-administered measures of depression (Major Depression Inventory) and quality of life (RAND SF-36) were administered to 63 PWE and 83 community controls...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#4
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907921/relationships-between-english-language-proficiency-health-literacy-and-health-outcomes-in-somali-refugees
#5
Jessica E Murphy, Laura Smock, Jo Hunter-Adams, Ziming Xuan, Jennifer Cochran, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Paul L Geltman
Little is known about the impacts of health literacy and English proficiency on the health status of Somali refugees. Data came from interviews in 2009-2011 of 411 adult Somali refugees recently resettled in Massachusetts. English proficiency, health literacy, and physical and mental health were measured using the Basic English Skills Test Plus, the Short Test of Health Literacy in Adults, and the Physical and Mental Component Summaries of the Short Form-12. Associations were analyzed using multiple linear regression...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904970/the-provision-of-physical-health-care-by-nurses-to-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Gin-Liang Chee, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
INTRODUCTION: Registered nurses working in the area of mental health complete either a psychiatric/mental health or comprehensive/generalist nursing program, and their education preparation influences their physical health care nursing practices. The differences in educational preparation may be a contributory factor to nurses' delivery of physical health care to young people experiencing first episode psychosis. This paper addresses an identified gap in nursing practices related to physical health care of young mental health service users...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902732/is-knowledge-half-the-battle-the-role-of-depression-literacy-in-help-seeking-among-a-non-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-currently-untreated-mental-health-problems
#7
S Tomczyk, H Muehlan, S Freitag, S Stolzenburg, G Schomerus, S Schmidt
BACKGROUNDS: The concept of mental health literacy suggests that higher literacy increases the likelihood of seeking treatment. However, previous studies mostly use vignettes, and do not investigate actual help-seeking behaviour. METHODS: We assessed depression literacy and type of mental illness in a convenience sample of 207 adults with currently untreated mental health problems from the general population. Our analysis sample comprised 152 adults (Mage   = 52...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897166/effectiveness-of-information-and-communication-technologies-interventions-to-increase-mental-health-literacy-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jing Ling Tay, Yi Fen Tay, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
AIM: Most mental health conditions affect adolescent and young adults. The onset of many mental disorders occurs in the young age. This is a critical period to implement interventions to enhance mental health literacy (MHL) and to prevent the occurrence of mental health problems. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of information and communication technologies interventions on MHL (recognition of conditions, stigma and help-seeking). METHODS: The authors searched for both published and unpublished studies...
June 13, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893656/receipt-and-targeting-of-evidence-based-psychosocial-interventions-for-people-living-with-psychoses-findings-from-the-second-australian-national-survey-of-psychosis
#9
C Harvey, J Lewis, J Farhall
AIMS: Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) recommend evidence-based psychosocial interventions (EBPIs) to improve consumer recovery; however, availability appears limited. We describe receipt of six EBPIs, reported by people with psychoses, and associations with service and consumer characteristics, including indicators of need (eligibility) and benefit (suitability). METHODS: Participants in the 2010 Australian national survey of psychosis (n = 1825) were interviewed to assess demographic, functional, mental and physical health characteristics and service use in the previous year...
June 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888870/destigmatizing-psychosis-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-programme-in-hong-kong-secondary-school-students
#10
Christy L M Hui, Whitty W T Leung, Andreas K H Wong, Ka Yan Loong, Joy Kok, Amanda Hwang, Edwin H M Lee, Sherry K W Chan, Wing Chung Chang, Eric Y H Chen
AIM: Although the reasons behind the stigmatization of psychosis are manifold, poor mental health literacy among the general public is likely to be a major factor. In Hong Kong, the Early Psychosis Foundation (EPISO) was established in 2007 to tackle this issue by providing educational and mental health promotional activities, among other aims and services. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based interventional programme, the School Tour, developed by EPISO. METHODS: The School Tour differentiates itself from other interventional programmes by supplementing a traditional psychoeducational talk with 2 additional elements: an engaging drama performance and exercise demonstrations...
June 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885557/social-rejection-towards-mentally-ill-people-in-hungary-between-2001-and-2015-has-there-been-any-change
#11
Tzipi Buchman-Wildbaum, Borbála Paksi, Edit Sebestyén, Bernadette Kun, Katalin Felvinczi, Ágoston Schmelowszky, Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Róbert Urbán
Despite the improving mental health literacy of the public over recent years, people's attitudes towards people with the diagnosis of mental illness do not appeared to have changed. Long-term studies are scarce and mainly limited to Northwestern Europe. Given that no study has ever been carried out in Hungary, the present study examined attitudinal trends towards mentally ill people in the country, and evaluated its determinants using one item of the Social Distance Scale to assess social rejection towards others...
May 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869053/the-development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-the-work-capability-of-people-with-limited-work-capacity-lwc
#12
Gemma M C van Ruitenbeek, Fred R H Zijlstra, Ute R Hülsheger
Purpose Participation in regular paid jobs positively affects mental and physical health of all people, including people with limited work capacities (LWC), people that are limited in their work capacity as a consequence of their disability, such as chronic mental illness, psychological or developmental disorder. For successful participation, a good fit between on one hand persons' capacities and on the other hand well-suited individual support and a suitable work environment is necessary in order to meet the demands of work...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860568/depression-literacy-and-health-seeking-attitudes-in-the-western-pacific-region-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Grace W K Ho, D Bressington, S F Leung, K K C Lam, A Y M Leung, A Molassiotis, J Ligot, C Ranoco, C Sophal, M Valimaki
PURPOSE: Depression literacy refers to the ability to recognize depression and make informed decisions about its treatment. To date, relatively little research has been done to examine depression literacy in the Western Pacific region. Given the pervasiveness of depression and the need to enhance mental health care in this region, it is important to gain a better understanding of depression literacy and health-seeking behaviors in this part of the world. METHODS: This mixed-methods study utilized a convergent parallel design to examine depression literacy and the associated health-seeking attitudes among urban adults from three countries-Cambodia, Philippines, and Fiji...
June 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851974/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mental-health-first-aid-training-effects-on-knowledge-stigma-and-helping-behaviour
#14
Amy J Morgan, Anna Ross, Nicola J Reavley
OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date assessment of the effectiveness of the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training program on improving mental health knowledge, stigma and helping behaviour. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted in October 2017 to identify randomised controlled trials or controlled trials of the MHFA program. Eligible trials were in adults, used any comparison condition, and assessed one or more of the following outcomes: mental health first aid knowledge; recognition of mental disorders; treatment knowledge; stigma and social distance; confidence in or intentions to provide mental health first aid; provision of mental health first aid; mental health of trainees or recipients of mental health first aid...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808238/the-impact-of-social-inequalities-on-children-s-knowledge-and-representation-of-health-and-cancer
#15
Véronique Régnier Denois, Aurelie Bourmaud, Mabrouk Nekaa, Céline Bezzaz, Véronique Bousser, Julie Kalecinski, Julia Dumesnil, Fabien Tinquaut, Dominique Berger, Franck Chauvin
Reducing inequalities in the field of cancer involves studying the knowledge and mental representations of cancer among children. A qualitative study was conducted on 191 children aged 9 to 12 using the "write and draw" technique to get spontaneous mental representations of "healthy things", "unhealthy things" and "cancer". We grouped the voluntary schools according to two deprivation levels. In response to the request to "write or draw anything you think keeps you healthy", the main responses categories were physical activity, healthy food and basic needs...
May 28, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793553/world-health-organization-school-mental-health-manual-based-training-for-school-teachers-in-urban-lahore-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Nazish Imran, Atif Rahman, Nakhshab Chaudhry, Aftab Asif
BACKGROUND: The teacher's role in school mental health initiatives cannot be overemphasized. Despite global evidence of educational interventions in improving teachers' knowledge and attitudes regarding mental health, this area remains under researched in Pakistan. This paper presents a study protocol of a pilot randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of a teacher training intervention for improving mental health literacy and self-efficacy among school teachers in urban Lahore, Pakistan...
May 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788998/depression-screening-and-education-an-examination-of-mental-health-literacy-and-stigma-in-a-sample-of-hispanic-women
#17
Veronica Lopez, Katherine Sanchez, Michael O Killian, Brittany H Eghaneyan
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy consists of knowledge of a mental disorder and of the associated stigma. Barriers to depression treatment among Hispanic populations include persistent stigma which is primarily perpetuated by inadequate disease literacy and cultural factors. U.S.-born Hispanics are more likely to have depression compared to Hispanics born in Latin America and are less likely to follow a treatment plan compared to non-Hispanic whites. Hispanic women are more likely to access treatment through a primary care provider, making it an ideal setting for early mental health interventions...
May 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#18
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#19
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749301/the-effects-of-stigma-on-determinants-of-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-among-male-college-students-an-application-of-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#20
Rita DiGioacchino DeBate, Amy Gatto, Gregor Rafal
Considered a public health issue, the prevalence and severity of poor mental well-being on college campuses has continued to rise. While many college campuses offer mental health counseling services, and utilization rates are increasing, their proportional usage is low especially among males, who often deal with poor mental well-being by adopting unhealthy coping strategies. The purpose of this study was to use the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model to assess the relationship between the determinants as factors that may impact help-seeking behaviors in a large sample ( n = 1,242) of male college students...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
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