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Mental health AND literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#1
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719230/help-seeking-for-mental-health-problems-in-an-adolescent-population-the-effect-of-gender
#2
L Haavik, I Joa, K Hatloy, H J Stain, J Langeveld
BACKGROUND: While the onset of many mental health problems occurs in adolescence, these problems are severely undertreated in this age group. To inform early intervention for adolescents, we investigated the effect of gender and education type on perception of barriers to help seeking, mental health literacy, and the awareness and use of mental health services. METHOD: A web-based survey using vignettes, open-ended and multiple choice items was administered to upper secondary school students in two counties in Norway...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694345/facilitating-mental-health-help-seeking-by-young-adults-with-a-dedicated-online-program-a-feasibility-study-of-link
#3
Sylvia D Kauer, Kerrie Buhagiar, Victoria Blake, Sue Cotton, Lena Sanci
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a dedicated online youth mental health help-seeking intervention and to evaluate using a randomised controlled trial (RCT) study design in order to identify any modifications needed before commencement of the full-scale RCT. DESIGN: A pilot RCT with 1:1 randomisation to either the intervention or comparison arm. SETTING: An online study conducted Australia-wide. PARTICIPANTS: 18-25 year olds living in Australia were recruited via social media...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693876/effects-of-a-program-to-improve-mental-health-literacy-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea
#4
Yun-Jung Choi
This study aimed to develop and evaluate a mental health improvement program for the acculturative stress and mental health literacy of married immigrant women using bilingual gatekeepers. Bilingual gatekeepers were recruited from multicultural centers and trained to provide 8-week structured mental health improvement services to the women in the experimental group using a mental health improvement guidebook developed by the authors in 8 different languages. The program was effective in improving mental health and mental health literacy scores as well as reducing the degree of acculturative stress...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691174/the-association-of-school-climate-depression-literacy-and-mental-health-stigma-among-high-school-students
#5
Lisa Townsend, Rashelle Musci, Elizabeth Stuart, Anne Ruble, Mary B Beaudry, Barbara Schweizer, Megan Owen, Carly Goode, Sarah L Johnson, Catherine Bradshaw, Holly Wilcox, Karen Swartz
BACKGROUND: Although school climate is linked with youth educational, socioemotional, behavioral, and health outcomes, there has been limited research on the association between school climate and mental health education efforts. We explored whether school climate was associated with students' depression literacy and mental health stigma beliefs. METHODS: Data were combined from 2 studies: the Maryland Safe Supportive Schools Project and a randomized controlled trial of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683743/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-among-frequent-users-of-health-care-services-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Éva Marjorie Couture, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Martin Fortin, Catherine Hudon
BACKGROUND: Although health literacy and quality of life are important concepts in health care, the link between them is unclear, especially for a population of frequent users of health care services with chronic diseases. Low health literacy is a common problem that has been linked to several negative health outcomes. Quality of life is an important health outcome in patient-centered care. Frequent users of health care services are a vulnerable population that deserves attention due to high costs and negative outcomes such as lower quality of life and higher mortality...
July 6, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678848/mental-health-literacy-survey-of-non-mental-health-professionals-in-six-general-hospitals-in-hunan-province-of-china
#7
Qiuxia Wu, Xiaoyang Luo, Shubao Chen, Chang Qi, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Yanhui Liao, Tieqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Mental illness has brought great economic burden related to misdiagnosis by non-mental health professionals in general hospitals. The aim of this study was to explore non-mental health professionals' conceptions related to the identification of mental illness and perceived treatments, first aid and prognosis. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we presented 1123 non-mental health professionals from six general hospitals in Hunan Province with one of three vignettes describing a person with schizophrenia, depression, or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677991/purpose-in-life-and-positive-health-outcomes-among-older-adults
#8
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Sandra Kraemer, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen Wicker
Purpose in life (PIL) is conceptualized as having goals, a sense of direction, and a feeling that there is meaning to present and past life. PIL has been associated with positive health outcomes among older adults, including fewer chronic conditions, less disability, and reduced mortality. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of PIL among AARP Medicare Supplement insureds, identify associated characteristics, and measure impact on selected health outcomes. In 2016, surveys were sent to a random stratified sample; PIL was measured using a 7-item scale with 5 responses...
July 5, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667501/a-review-of-hip-hop-based-interventions-for-health-literacy-health-behaviors-and-mental-health
#9
Cendrine Robinson, Elizabeth L Seaman, LaTrice Montgomery, Adia Winfrey
OBJECTIVE: African-American children and adolescents experience an undue burden of disease for many health outcomes compared to their White peers. More research needs to be completed for this priority population to improve their health outcomes and ameliorate health disparities. Integrating hip hop music or hip hop dance into interventions may help engage African-American youth in health interventions and improve their health outcomes. We conducted a review of the literature to characterize hip hop interventions and determine their potential to improve health...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660239/factors-influencing-diabetes-self-management-among-medically-underserved-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#10
Jimmy Reyes, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Edith Parker, Brandi Muller, Helena Laroche
In this study, researchers compare and contrast issues regarding diabetes self-management between persons in good versus poor glycemic control. The sample comprises low-income racially diverse adults with diabetes from four mid-western community health centers; 44 patients participated in eight focus groups divided by control status (HbA1c of > 9 [uncontrolled] or < 7 [controlled]). Themes common to both groups included the impact of dietary restrictions on social interactions, food cravings, the impact of mental health on self-management, and the importance of formal and informal (friends and family) support...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648988/comparing-the-mental-health-literacy-of-chinese-people-in-australia-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-implications-for-mental-health-promotion
#11
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Xiao Yu Zhuang, Ting Kin Ng, Shu-Man Pan, Xuesong He, Ada Poon
Using data of 200, 522, 572, and 287 Chinese from Australia, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan respectively, this study aimed at comparing the mental health literacy of Chinese people from different communities, and between Chinese communities and the Australian general public. The participants were asked questions that assessed their recognition of depression and schizophrenia. Compared with the Australians, much lower percentages of Chinese in the four Chinese communities could correctly identify depression and early schizophrenia...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638820/dementia-literacy-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-urban-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Haifeng Zhang, Samantha M Loi, Shu'aijun Zhou, Mei Zhao, Xiaozhen Lv, Jing Wang, Xiao Wang, Nicola Lautenschlager, Xin Yu, Huali Wang
OBJECTIVE: Delay in seeking diagnosis of dementia is common in China. Misinformation and poor knowledge about dementia may contribute to it. The study was designed to explore the nationwide dementia literacy among older adults in urban China and to investigate the factors associated with overall dementia literacy. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a convenience sample of 3,439 community-dwelling old adults aged 60 and over was recruited from 34 cities in 20 provinces between June 20 and August 20, 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#14
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625072/depression-and-anxiety-among-war-widows-of-nepal-a-post-civil-war-cross-sectional-study
#15
Syaron Basnet, Pragya Kandel, Prabhat Lamichhane
Thousands of Nepalese women were widowed as a consequence of a decade (1996-2006) long civil war in Nepal. These women are at grave risk of mental health problems due to both traumatic experiences and violation of natural order of widowhood. The present study explores the depression and anxiety among war-widows. In 2012, a cross-sectional study was designed to interview 358 war-widows using validitated Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory in four districts of Nepal - Bardiya, Surkhet, Sindhupalchowk and Kavrepalanchowk with history of high conflict intensity...
June 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597854/decentralizing-provision-of-mental-health-care-in-sri-lanka
#16
Neil Fernando, Thirupathy Suveendran, Chithramalee de Silva
In the past, mental health services in Sri Lanka were limited to tertiary-care institutions, resulting in a large treatment gap. Starting in 2000, significant efforts have been made to reconfigure service provision and to integrate mental health services with primary health care. This approach was supported by significant political commitment to establishing island-wide decentralized mental health care in the wake of the 2004 tsunami. Various initiatives were consolidated in The mental health policy of Sri Lanka 2005-2015, which called for implementation of a comprehensive community-based, decentralized service structure...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581378/prison-health-service-directors-views-on-research-priorities-and-organizational-issues-in-conducting-research-in-prison-outcomes-of-a-national-deliberative-roundtable
#17
Paul Leslie Simpson, Jill Guthrie, Tony Butler
Purpose Given that prisoners have significant health needs across most areas, the paucity of prisoner health research, and the difficulties involved in the conduct of research in this setting, there is a need to develop research priorities that align with key stakeholder groups. One such group are those responsible for health service provision in prisons - prison health service directors. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach Prison health service directors in each Australian state and territory were invited to participate in a national (deliberative) roundtable where the consensus building nominal group technique was utilized...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577543/implementation-of-emental-health-care-viewpoints-from-key-informants-from-organizations-and-agencies-with-ehealth-mandates
#18
Lori Wozney, Amanda S Newton, Nicole D Gehring, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Huguet, Lisa Hartling, Michele P Dyson, Patrick McGrath
BACKGROUND: The use of technology such as computers, tablets, and smartphones to improve access to and the delivery of mental health care (eMental Health care) is growing worldwide. However, despite the rapidly expanding evidence base demonstrating the efficacy of eMental Health care, its implementation in clinical practice and health care systems remains fragmented. To date, no peer-reviewed, key-informant studies have reported on the perspectives of decision-makers concerned with whether and how to implement eMental Health care...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559857/spanish-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-outcome-questionnaire-oq-30-2
#19
Paula Errázuriz, Sebastián Opazo, Alex Behn, Oscar Silva, Sergio Gloger
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the Shortened Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-30.2, Lambert et al., 2004) validated with a sample of 546 patients in an outpatient mental health clinic and 100 non-clinical adults in Chile. Our results show that this measure has similar normative data to the original measure, with a cutoff score for the Chilean population set at 43.36, and the reliable change index at 14. This Spanish OQ-30.2 has good internal consistency (α = 0.90), has concurrent validity with the Depressive, Anxious, and Somatoform disorders measuring scale (Alvarado and Vera, 1991), and is sensitive to change during psychotherapy...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#20
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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