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Mental health AND literacy

Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shuhei Izawa, Kosuke Chris Yamada
Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore have less knowledge of it. We investigated the association between stress underestimation tendency and mental health literacy of depression (i.e., knowledge of the recognition, prognosis, and usefulness of resources of depression) in Japanese workers...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Deborah O Aluh, Obinna C Anyachebelu, Chibueze Anosike, Ezinne L Anizoba
Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability and has been projected to become the 2nd most burdensome disease by the year 2020; depression has also been found to be the strongest single risk factor for attempted or completed suicides. Adolescent-onset mood disorders are frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed and often go untreated. While there is a growing literature on the mental health literacy of adults, there has not been a parallel interest in the mental health literacy of young people in Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Osvaldo Santos, Elisa Lopes, Ana Virgolino, Miodraga Stefanovska-Petkovska, Alexandra Dinis, Sara Ambrósio, Maria João Heitor
Background: Epidemiologic evidence highlights the harmful consequences of unemployment on health and well-being. This emphasizes the need to design low-cost interventions to prevent the adverse mental health effects of unemployment. The main aim of this study was to create expert-consensus regarding development and implementation of a brief, sustainable, and effective intervention program for promoting mental health among unemployed. Methods: The Delphi technique entailed a selected panel of 75 experts from various relevant professional backgrounds...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Pranab Mahapatra, Devraj Hansdah, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Sandipana Pati
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has documented the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and congenital birth defects. Alcohol consumption is a complex behavior whose origins lay in cultural norms and the social structure. In tribal communities in India, alcohol misuse among women is a public health problem. This study is intended to explore perceptions and beliefs among tribal women and the community towards alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
February 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Patrick D McGorry
Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women, underscoring different prevention and intervention needs. Evidence indicates that boys disconnect from health-care services during adolescence, marking the beginning of a progression of health-care disengagement and associated barriers to care, including presenting to services differently, experiencing an inadequate or poorly attuned clinical response, and needing to overcome pervasive societal attitudes and self-stigma to access available services...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Adeya Richmond, Jessica Jackson
Many health concerns in the United States (e.g., diabetes) are routinely managed in primary care settings. Regardless of the medical condition, patients' health is directly influenced by factors such as healthcare providers and cultural background. Training related to how behaviors influence health, coupled with training on how cultural diversity intersects with mental health, allows psychologists to have the relevant expertise to assist in the development of primary care behavioral health interventions. However, many psychologists in primary care struggle with how to integrate a culture-centered paradigm into their roles as behavioral health providers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Adrian Furnham, Kelly Petropoulou
BACKGROUND: This study looked at lay theories of how people with sub-clinical personality disorders experience the world of work. AIMS: The aim was to investigate the paradox that subclinical and clinical personality disorders are seen as beneficial for success, rather than a handicap in certain jobs. METHODS: In all, 230 participants read 14 vignettes derived from Oldham and Morris's book describing DSMIII personality disorders for a popular audience...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Douglas A Spiker, Joseph H Hammer
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy (MHL) is one increasingly researched factor thought to influence mental health behaviors. Researchers have argued for expanding the definition of MHL to include additional constructs, but no consensus has yet been reached on what constructs should be included as part of MHL. AIMS: The purpose of this paper is to (i) elucidate how the expansion of the MHL construct has impeded the growth of MHL research and (ii) through the lens of construct and theory development, highlight how these challenges might be remedied...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Michael S Wolf, Samuel G Smith, Anjali U Pandit, David M Condon, Laura M Curtis, James Griffith, Rachel O'Conor, Steven Rush, Stacy C Bailey, Gordon Kaplan, Vincent Haufle, David Martin
BACKGROUND: Although there has been increasing interest in patient engagement, few measures are publicly available and suitable for patients with limited health literacy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a Consumer Health Activation Index (CHAI) for use among diverse patients. METHODS: Expert opinion, a systematic literature review, focus groups, and cognitive interviews with patients were used to create and revise a potential set of items...
February 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
Hayri Bozkurt, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the health literacy and cognitive functions of individuals age 65 and over and the relationship between them. METHOD: The research was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017, among individuals age 65 and over, at the Family Health Center. The participants were given the Health Literacy Survey - European Union (HLS-EU) scale and the Mini-Mental Test. RESULTS: In this sampling, health literacy was found as "problematic or inadequate" in 85...
February 10, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Gregor Rafal, Amy Gatto, Rita DeBate
OBJECTIVE: Mental health literacy (MHL) is low in college-aged males potentially resulting in impaired mental wellbeing. This study assessed MHL, psychosocial determinants, and help-seeking behaviors among male university students. PARTICIPANTS: Male undergraduate and graduate students were surveyed in Spring 2017 (n = 1 242) at a large southeastern university in the US. METHODS: Pre-existing validated scales for MHL, psychosocial determinants, and help-seeking intention were used in measurement and demographic variables were collected...
February 8, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Shoji Yokoya, Takami Maeno, Naoto Sakamoto, Ryohei Goto, Tetsuhiro Maeno
Background: The burden from depression is affected by the public's beliefs, stigma, and resulting behavior. Lack of knowledge, misunderstanding, and stigma about depressed people and their surroundings are barriers to improving their mental health. This study aimed to examine public beliefs regarding depression, especially how to recognize depression, treatment, and stigma. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to participants receiving an annual health checkup...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Kanika Mehrotra, Snigdha Nautiyal, Ahalya Raguram
The present study was undertaken to examine the current level of mental health literacy in family caregivers and to compare the changes over a 23-year period between 1993 and 2016. The current sample consisted of 60 family caregivers of patients with major mental illness from the in-patient and out-patient departments of NIMHANS assessed on the Orientation towards Mental Illness Scale (OMI). This was compared with data of 80 family caregivers from previous study done in 1993. Family caregivers in the current study showed a significant positive trend on comparison with the previous study...
February 2, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Nicola J Reavley, Allison J Milner, Angela Martin, Lay San Too, Alicia Papas, Katrina Witt, Tessa Keegel, Anthony D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVE: To assess depression literacy, help-seeking and help-offering to others in members of the police force in the state of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: All staff in police stations involved in a cluster randomised controlled trial of an integrated workplace mental health intervention were invited to participate. Survey questions covered sociodemographic and employment information, recognition of depression in a vignette, stigma, treatment beliefs, willingness to assist co-workers with mental health problems, help-giving and help-seeking behaviours, and intentions to seek help...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jo-Ann Giandinoto, John Stephenson, Karen-Leigh Edward
The stigmatization of mental health is present in general hospital settings impacting quality of care. We hypothesized that health professionals in these areas would elicit negative attitudes and a perceived level of dangerousness across a range of mental health disorders. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine these attitudes and perceptions. We searched the bibliographic databases of CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection in May 2017 (no date parameters were set)...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Annie Banbury, Susan Nancarrow, Jared Dart, Leonard Gray, Lynne Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Group therapy and education and support sessions are used within health care across a range of disciplines such as chronic disease self-management and psychotherapy interventions. However, there are barriers that constrain group attendance, such as mobility, time, and distance. Using videoconferencing may overcome known barriers and improve the accessibility of group-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the literature to determine the feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and implementation of health professional-led group videoconferencing to provide education or social support or both, into the home setting...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Cathrine Rossiter, Walter Frederick Robb, Shameran Slewa-Younan
Background: To support promotion, prevention and early intervention for mental illness school nurses need to be mental health literate. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine school nurses employed in government and private schools from three Emirates in the UAE were surveyed. A culturally adapted Mental Health Literacy questionnaire comprising three vignettes of fictional characters meeting diagnostic criteria for the target conditions along with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) was administered to ascertain school nurses' ability to correctly identify the conditions and to elicit beliefs about helpfulness of treatment interventions and of health care providers for these conditions...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Ang Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Dongdong Jiao, Bridianne O'Dea, Tingshao Zhu, Helen Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Broadcasting a suicide attempt on social media has become a public concern in China. Stigmatizing attitudes around such broadcast can limit help-seeking and increase the likelihood of death. To reduce stigmatizing attitudes, this paper aims to detect stigma expressions in social media posts through language use patterns and then identify suicide literacy in responses to such broadcast. METHODS: Firstly, to examine linguistic patterns of stigma expressions, 6632 Weibo posts with keywords were collected and analyzed...
January 31, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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