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Mental health AND literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#1
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#2
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609208/qualitative-evaluation-of-evidence-based-online-decision-aid-and-resources-for-osteoarthritis-management-understanding-patient-perspectives
#3
Yun-Hee Jeon, Ian Flaherty, Hema Urban, Sally Wortley, Chris Dickson, Glenn Salkeld, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively examine the experiences with, and impact of, evidence-based online resources in self-management among Australians with osteoarthritis. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 36 users of a novel osteoarthritis resource, the "OA awareness hub." Rogers' five attributes of innovation, Relative advantage, Compatibility, Complexity, Trialability and Observability, and outcomes, guided the semi-structured interview and analysis...
April 2, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589218/mental-health-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-a-community-sample-on-the-central-coast-in-australia-barriers-to-help-seeking
#4
Dominiek Coates, Christine Saleeba, Deborah Howe
There continues to be call for greater community awareness actions and strategies to reduce stigma and enhance mental health literacy nationally and internationally. To identify local barriers to help-seeking and perceptions around stigma, we developed a 'mental health attitudes and beliefs' survey which was administered at a range of community events on the Central Coast in New South Wales, Australia. The aim was for the results of this survey to inform the development of strategies that enhance local help-seeking behaviours that are sensitive to the role of age, gender and Indigenous status...
March 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577326/a-feasibility-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-first-nations-acceptability-cultural-adaptation-and-preliminary-outcomes
#5
Claire V Crooks, Andrea Lapp, Monique Auger, Kim van der Woerd, Angela Snowshoe, Billie Jo Rogers, Samantha Tsuruda, Cassidy Caron
The Mental Health First Aid First Nations course was adapted from Mental Health First Aid Basic to create a community-based, culturally safe and relevant approach to promoting mental health literacy in First Nations contexts. Over 2.5 days, the course aims to build community capacity by teaching individuals to recognize and respond to mental health crises. This feasibility trial utilized mixed methods to evaluate the acceptability, cultural adaptation, and preliminary effectiveness of MHFAFN. Our approach was grounded in community-based participatory research principles, emphasizing relationship-driven procedures to collecting data and choice for how participants shared their voices...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576974/searching-the-internet-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-arab-and-jewish-israelis-insights-from-a-comprehensive-infodemiological-survey
#6
Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Mahmud Mahamid, Daniela Amital, Bishara Bisharat, Naim Mahroum, Kassem Sharif, Adi Guy, Amin Adawi, Hussein Mahagna, Arsalan Abu Much, Samaa Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
Israel represents a complex and pluralistic society comprising two major ethno-national groups, Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs, which differ in terms of religious and cultural values as well as social constructs. According to the so-called "diversification hypothesis", within the framework of e-health and in the era of new information and communication technologies, seeking online health information could be a channel to increase health literacy, especially among disadvantaged groups. However, little is known concerning digital seeking behavior and, in particular, digital mental health literacy...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562906/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-study-of-the-mental-health-first-aid-elearning-course-with-uk-medical-students
#7
E Bethan Davies, Emmeline Beever, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Medical students face many barriers to seeking out professional help for their mental health, including stigma relating to mental illness, and often prefer to seek support and advice from fellow students. Improving medical students' mental health literacy and abilities to support someone experiencing a mental health problem could reduce barriers to help seeking and improve mental health in this population. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) is an evidence-based intervention designed to improve mental health literacy and ability to respond to someone with a mental health problem...
March 21, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562883/ahead-of-the-game-protocol-a-multi-component-community-sport-based-program-targeting-prevention-promotion-and-early-intervention-for-mental-health-among-adolescent-males
#8
Stewart A Vella, Christian Swann, Marijka Batterham, Katherine M Boydell, Simon Eckermann, Andrea Fogarty, Diarmuid Hurley, Sarah K Liddle, Chris Lonsdale, Andrew Miller, Michael Noetel, Anthony D Okely, Taren Sanders, Joanne Telenta, Frank P Deane
BACKGROUND: There is a recognised need for targeted community-wide mental health strategies and interventions aimed specifically at prevention and early intervention in promoting mental health. Young males are a high need group who hold particularly negative attitudes towards mental health services, and these views are detrimental for early intervention and help-seeking. Organised sports provide a promising context to deliver community-wide mental health strategies and interventions to adolescent males...
March 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558890/health-literacy-among-older-adults-is-associated-with-their-10-years-cognitive-functioning-and-decline-the-doetinchem-cohort-study
#9
Bas Geboers, Ellen Uiters, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carel J M Jansen, Josué Almansa, Astrid C J Nooyens, W M Monique Verschuren, Andrea F de Winter, H Susan J Picavet
BACKGROUND: Many older adults have low levels of health literacy which affects their ability to participate optimally in healthcare. It is unclear how cognitive decline contributes to health literacy. To study this, longitudinal data are needed. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the associations of cognitive functioning and 10-years' cognitive decline with health literacy in older adults. METHODS: Data from 988 participants (mean age = 65.3) of the Doetinchem Cohort Study were analyzed...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540120/mobile-health-for-mental-health-in-west-africa-the-case-for-ghana
#10
Dror Ben-Zeev
Although underdeveloped in mental health care, the sub-Saharan country of Ghana is advanced in telecommunications. In this context, innovative mobile health (mHealth) approaches may help to overcome limited infrastructure (lack of clinics, trained professionals, and landlines) and to address significant unmet public mental health needs. The Technology in Mental Health editor reports on travels to Ghana to assess the viability of mHealth for mental health initiatives in the region. He found that stakeholders from all sectors (patients, providers, government officials, and traditional and faith healers) were open to exploring whether mHealth approaches could promote more humane care, reduce human rights violations, and improve the clinical outcomes of those in need...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525767/effectiveness-of-evidence-based-treatments-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Deepa Singal, Chantalle Menard, Christine J Neilson, Marni Brownell, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Albert Chudley, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed Abou-Setta
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to provide a protocol for a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of evidence from randomised controlled trials comparing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions with placebo/dummy interventions or usual standards of care in children and adolescents (<18 years old). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following electronic databases will be searched: Medline (Ovid), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Plus with Full text (EBSCO), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library-Wiley), PsycINFO (ProQuest) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses will be searched from inception to March 2017 for relevant citations of published trials using individualised search strategies prepared for database...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518618/the-interplay-of-etiological-knowledge-and-mental-illness-stigma-on-healthcare-utilisation-in-the-community-a-structural-equation-model
#12
N Schnyder, C Michel, R Panczak, S Ochsenbein, B G Schimmelmann, F Schultze-Lutter
BACKGROUND: The stigma of mental illness, especially personal attitudes towards psychiatric patients and mental health help-seeking, is an important barrier in healthcare utilisation. These attitudes are not independent of each other and are also influenced by other factors, such as mental health literacy, especially the public's causal explanations for mental problems. We aimed to disentangle the interrelations between the different aspects of stigma and causal explanations with respect to their association with healthcare utilisation...
March 6, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515468/ehealth-in-treatment-of-offenders-in-forensic-mental-health-a-review-of-the-current-state
#13
Hanneke Kip, Yvonne H A Bouman, Saskia M Kelders, Lisette J E W C van Gemert-Pijnen
Background: Treatment of offenders in forensic mental health is complex. Often, these in- or outpatients have low treatment motivation, suffer from multiple disorders, and have poor literacy skills. eHealth may be able to improve treatment outcomes because of its potential to increase motivation and engagement, and it can overcome the predominant one-size-fits-all approach by being tailored to individual patients. Objective: To examine its potential, this systematic review studies the way that eHealth has been used and studied in forensic mental health and identifies accompanying advantages and disadvantages for both patients and treatment, including effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509300/psychological-distress-in-student-nurses-undertaking-an-educational-programme-with-professional-registration-as-a-nurse-their-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-in-seeking-psychological-support
#14
Andrew E P Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: The present study adds to the existing international evidence on psychological distress in the student population by focusing on student nurses. It quantitatively assesses psychological distress with comparative norms and investigates service uptake in in a single study. AIM: Investigate the level of psychological distress in students and compare this with population norms and highlight potential facilitators and barriers to help seeking. METHODS: This study recruited N=121 student nurses from one university in a cross sectional design...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493416/the-michigan-peer-to-peer-depression-awareness-program-school-based-prevention-to-address-depression-among-teens
#15
Sagar V Parikh, Danielle S Taubman, Christopher Antoun, James Cranford, Cynthia Ewell Foster, Mary Grambeau, Joyce Hunter, Jennifer Jester, Kristine Konz, Trish Meyer, Stephanie Salazar, John F Greden
OBJECTIVE: The Peer-to-Peer Depression Awareness Program (P2P) is a school-based program that aims to decrease mental illness and promote well-being among students by empowering high school students as both learners and educators. Specific goals include improving the school climate around mental health, directing students to resources, and encouraging help-seeking behavior. METHODS: In the 2015-2016 academic year, 121 students across 10 high schools organized into teams and were trained to develop and implement peer-to-peer depression awareness campaigns...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488439/useful-life-lessons-for-health-and-well-being-adults-reflections-of-childhood-experiences-illuminate-the-phenomenon-of-the-inner-child
#16
Margareta Sjöblom, Kerstin Öhrling, Catrine Kostenius
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe and gain more knowledge about the phenomenon of the inner child in relation to health and well-being reflected in events during childhood experienced by adults. METHOD: In this hermeneutical phenomenological study, 20 adults, 10 men and 10 women aged 22-68, were interviewed. RESULTS: The analysis of the data illuminated the phenomenon of the inner child in one theme: Gaining useful life lessons through childhood experiences, made up by four sub-themes: Sharing relationships, playing to heal, being strong or frail and supporting the next generation...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483067/supporting-our-valued-adolescents-sova-a-social-media-website-for-adolescents-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-technological-feasibility-usability-and-acceptability-study
#17
Ana Radovic, Theresa Gmelin, Jing Hua, Cassandra Long, Bradley D Stein, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Supporting Our Valued Adolescents (SOVA), a social media website for adolescents, was designed to increase mental health literacy and address negative health beliefs toward depression and/or anxiety diagnosis and treatment. This stakeholder-informed site underwent iterative user testing to evolve into its current version with daily blog posts, round-the-clock site moderation, and Web-based peer interaction to create an online support community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the technological feasibility (at least 100 users on the site, logging in 12 to 18 times in the first 6 weeks) and acceptability of the SOVA site determined by the System Usability Scale (SUS)...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482357/workplace-mental-health-training-in-health-care-key-ingredients-of-implementation
#18
Sandra E Moll, Jessica VandenBussche, Katelyn Brooks, Bonnie Kirsh, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Joy C MacDermid
OBJECTIVES: Despite growing awareness of the importance of workplace mental health training and an increasing number of educational resources, there is a gap in knowledge regarding what shapes training effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to compare and describe the active ingredients of 2 workplace mental health education programs for health care workers. METHODS: Within the context of a randomized clinical trial, a multimethod process evaluation was conducted to explore key process elements shaping implementation outcomes: the innovation, service recipients, service providers, and the organizational context...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477482/benefits-of-medical-home-care-reaching-beyond-chronically-ill-teens-exploring-parent-health-related-quality-of-life
#19
Laura J Chavez, Connor Grannis, Millie Dolce, Deena J Chisolm
BACKGROUND: Caring for teens with special health care needs places physical and mental health burdens on parents, which can be exacerbated by the stresses of transitions to independence. Medical homes can improve teen transitions to greater self-management and reduce health care-related time and financial burdens for families. This analysis examines the association between parent-reported teen medical home status and caregiver health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: The study sample included parents/caregivers of teens with special health care needs, ages 15-18, recruited from a pediatric Medicaid accountable care organization who participated in a survey (response rate=40...
February 22, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471260/stress-underestimation-and-mental-health-literacy-of-depression-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shuhei Izawa, Kosuke Chris Yamada
Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore have less knowledge of it. We investigated the association between stress underestimation tendency and mental health literacy of depression (i.e., knowledge of the recognition, prognosis, and usefulness of resources of depression) in Japanese workers...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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