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Mental health AND literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515549/evaluation-of-modified-patient-health-questionnaire-9-teen-in-south-african-adolescents
#1
Shilpa Aggarwal, Lian Taljard, Zane Wilson, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. METHOD: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. RESULTS: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514989/help-seeking-intentions-for-anxiety-among-older-adults
#2
Katrina Anderson, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Annaliese Blair
Mental health practices are not working for older people with anxiety in residential care, as there is a persistent lack of recognition and treatment. This suggests that alternative ways of reaching and meeting the needs of this population need to be explored. One possibility involves enabling older adults themselves to seek help. The current work explored various factors impacting on help-seeking behaviours. In total, 105 participants from independent living units in a residential care setting completed a questionnaire focusing on attitudes and stigma towards anxiety, likelihood to seek help, help-seeking barriers and literacy around the symptoms of anxiety...
May 18, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#3
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483080/the-ties-that-bind-a-case-report-about-restraining-a-mentally-unwell-family-member-at-home-for-over-a-decade
#4
Jing Ling Tay, Christopher Yi Wen Chan, Zhen Chong Ho, Manu Lal
This is a case report describing a patient, with schizophrenia, who was physically chained by her mother in their house for more a decade. Illness factors, family dynamics, stigma, lack of mental health literacy and cultural roles contributed to her chaining. To our knowledge, this is the first case report that examines the prolonged use of physical restraints by family members on a patient in a developed urban setting and that explores the cultural and ethical issues surrounding this phenomenon. We have concluded that there remains a need for a national level approach to increase mental health literacy, reduce stigma and promote existing psychiatric community health services in a culturally sensitive manner...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482994/assessing-the-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-health-literacy-frameworks-to-guide-research-and-practice
#5
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress negatively impacts fetal development and may result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Female adolescents may be experiencing environmental and psychosocial stressors during the pre- and postnatal periods that may predispose them to psychological distress. Health literacy has been used to assess the needs of individuals who have chronic illnesses. Mental health literacy however has not been assessed as extensively, particularly among pregnant adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474412/mental-health-literacy-in-korean-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Young Sun Kim, Hee Yun Lee, Mi Hwa Lee, Tina Simms, Byung Hyun Park
INTRODUCTIO: Korea is experiencing rapid population aging, spurring an increased need for mental health services for the elderly. Approximately one-third of Korean older adults experience depressive symptoms, and Korea has the highest elder suicide rate among 34 developed nations. Mental health literacy is an important component of promoting mental health, yet studies on the concept have been conducted in few countries. AIM: This study examines the level of mental health literacy among Korean older adults, and identifies factors associated with their mental health literacy...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474054/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-australian-strategies-for-preventing-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour
#7
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ian Hickie
Dynamic simulation modelling is increasingly being recognised as a valuable decision-support tool to help guide investments and actions to address complex public health issues such as suicide. In particular, participatory system dynamics (SD) modelling provides a useful tool for asking high-level 'what if' questions, and testing the likely impacts of different combinations of policies and interventions at an aggregate level before they are implemented in the real world. We developed an SD model for suicide prevention in Australia, and investigated the hypothesised impacts over the next 10 years (2015-2025) of a combination of current intervention strategies proposed for population interventions in Australia: 1) general practitioner (GP) training, 2) coordinated aftercare in those who have attempted suicide, 3) school-based mental health literacy programs, 4) brief-contact interventions in hospital settings, and 5) psychosocial treatment approaches...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464727/consumer-led-health-related-online-sources-and-their-impact-on-consumers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#8
Elina Laukka, Piia Rantakokko, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of the review was to describe consumer-led health-related online sources and their impact on consumers. The review was carried out as an integrative literature review. Quantisation and qualitative content analysis were used as the analysis method. The most common method used by the included studies was qualitative content analysis. This review identified the consumer-led health-related online sources used between 2009 and 2016 as health-related online communities, health-related social networking sites and health-related rating websites...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462747/the-quality-of-mental-health-literacy-measurement-tools-evaluating-the-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-systematic-review
#9
Y Wei, P McGrath, J Hayden, S Kutcher
AIMS: Stigma of mental illness is a significant barrier to receiving mental health care. However, measurement tools evaluating stigma of mental illness have not been systematically assessed for their quality. We conducted a systematic review to critically appraise the methodological quality of studies assessing psychometrics of stigma measurement tools and determined the level of evidence of overall quality of psychometric properties of included tools. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library and ERIC databases for eligible studies...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452699/health-literacy-among-iranian-high-school-students
#10
Reza Khajouei, Fatemeh Salehi
OBJECTIVE: We examined the health lit- eracy status of high school students in Kerman, Iran. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at high schools in Kerman. Data concerning 3 dimensions of health literacy (health knowledge, health skills and health be- haviors) were collected from 312 students using an adapted version of a valid and reliable questionnaire developed by the Ministry of Health of China. Data analysis was performed by descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis using SPSS version 22...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#11
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426253/using-computerized-mental-health-programs-in-alternative-education-understanding-the-requirements-of-students-and-staff
#12
Tuuli Kuosmanen, Theresa M Fleming, Margaret M Barry
Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) programs have been shown to be both acceptable and effective with youth. However, their use with more vulnerable youth, such as early school leavers, remains relatively unstudied. This study explored student and staff attitudes toward the use of cCBT in an alternative education setting. METHODS: Student and staff needs were assessed using the Requirements development approach (Van Velsen, Wentzel, & Van Gemert-Pijnen, 2013). An online staff survey (n = 16) was conducted to provide information on the context of delivery, and stakeholder requirements were further explored in four student workshops (n = 32) and staff group discussions (n = 12)...
April 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405343/role-of-depression-in-diabetes-management-in-an-ethnic-minority-population-a-case-of-korean-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Miyong To Kim, Kim Byeng Kim, Jisook Ko, Yuri Jang, David Levine, Hochang Benjamin Lee
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression and diabetes mellitus (DM) compound challenges to disease management such as low health literacy, insufficient access to care, and social or linguistic isolation. Korean Americans (KAs), predominantly first-generation immigrants, suffer from a high prevalence of type 2 DM and depression. Limited research on KAs has prevented the development of effective interventions. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of depression in KAs with DM and all Americans with/without DM, and to explore correlates of comorbid DM and depression and strategies to address KAs' DM and depression...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#14
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#15
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#16
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382298/hiv-futures-8-protocol-for-a-repeated-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-survey-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-australia
#17
Jennifer Power, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Rachel Thorpe, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
INTRODUCTION: More than 27,000 Australians currently live with HIV. Most of these people have access to quality clinical care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) and can expect good general health. However, HIV-related stigma is a problem and many people living with HIV experience poorer than average mental health. Issues of aging are also of increasing concern. This paper describes the methods and sample for the HIV Futures 8 study, a national survey of people living with HIV in Australia that aimed to identify factors that support health and well-being among this population...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380073/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-adapting-and-evaluating-the-functional-assessment-of-hiv-infection-fahi-swahili-version-for-use-with-low-literacy-populations
#18
Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Despite bearing the largest HIV-related burden, little is known of the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the factors contributing to this gap in knowledge is the lack of culturally adapted and validated measures of HRQoL that are relevant for this setting. AIMS: We set out to adapt the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) Questionnaire, an HIV-specific measure of HRQoL, and evaluate its internal consistency and validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370974/perceptions-of-oral-health-by-those-living-with-mental-illnesses-in-the-victorian-community-the-consumer-s-perspective
#19
H D Ho, J Satur, R Meldrum
OBJECTIVE: To understand the way people living with mental illness in an Australian community experience and define oral health. STUDY POPULATION: People living with serious mental illness in the Victorian Community. METHODS: Qualitative methodologies were used in this study. Two focus groups and four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were transcribed and thematically analysed. RESULTS: Participants generally valued oral health and recognized that attending regular dental appointments played a key role in improving their oral health...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369396/strengthening-mental-health-system-governance-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-africa-and-south-asia-challenges-needs-and-potential-strategies
#20
Inge Petersen, Debbie Marais, Jibril Abdulmalik, Shalini Ahuja, Atalay Alem, Dan Chisholm, Catherine Egbe, Oye Gureje, Charlotte Hanlon, Crick Lund, Rahul Shidhaye, Mark Jordans, Fred Kigozi, James Mugisha, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Graham Thornicroft
Poor governance has been identified as a barrier to effective integration of mental health care in low- and middle-income countries. Governance includes providing the necessary policy and legislative framework to promote and protect the mental health of a population, as well as health system design and quality assurance to ensure optimal policy implementation. The aim of this study was to identify key governance challenges, needs and potential strategies that could facilitate adequate integration of mental health into primary health care settings in low- and middle-income countries...
February 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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