Read by QxMD icon Read


Deborah Cohen, Michael Petkov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
James Brian Byrd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Endocrine Practice
Eric Shyman
The field of educating individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder has ever been rife with controversy regarding issues ranging from etiology and causation to effective intervention and education options. One such basis for controversy has been between humanism, and humanistic philosophical concepts, and its fundamental differences with behaviorism, and behavioristic philosophical concepts. These differences have long been debated, and the belief that the two orientations are generally mutually exclusive has been largely maintained...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Brittany D Rife, David J Nolan, Susanna L Lamers, Patrick Autissier, Tricia Burdo, Kenneth C Williams, Marco Salemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Jef Vanparijs, Luc Int Panis, Romain Meeusen, Bas de Geus
INTRODUCTION: In regions where transportation is mainly motorized, air pollution and traffic congestion are rife. Active transportation such as cycling might be a solution but safety is a major concern. An efficient science based safety policy is needed. The aim of this paper is to analyze in depth the bicycle crash causes and characteristics in an adolescent population (14-18 yr). METHODS: By using questionnaires for self-reported bicycle crashes, bicycle crash data were collected from insurance companies (January 2014-June 2015) and from schools (November 2013-March 2014)...
September 6, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Amanda M Kalamar, Susan Lee-Rife, Michelle J Hindin
Child marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18 years, is a human rights violation that can have lasting adverse educational and economic impacts. The objective of this review was to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decease child marriage in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched without language limitations for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. Reference tracing was used, as well as the unpacking of systematic reviews...
September 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Leon Prozesky, Johan Neser, Heinz Meissner, Kenneth Botha, Lubbe Jacobs, Craig Shepstone, Hannes Viljoen, Hinner Köster, Chris De Brouwer, Jan Van Zyl, Gerjan Van der Veen
The north-western part of South Africa, in particular, is well known for mineral imbalances. Aphosphorosis, resulting in rickets and osteomalacia, received a lot of attention at the turn of the nineteenth century (1882-1912). This was followed in 1997 by research on Vryburg hepatosis, another area-specific mineral imbalance-related disease in young calves reared on manganese-rich soil derived from the weathering of dolomitic (carbonate) rock formations. In 1982, a totally new syndrome (osteochondrosis) manifested in, amongst others, areas in South Africa where aphosphorosis was rife...
2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
Lenche Kostadinova, Carey Shive, Chelsey Judge, Elizabeth Zebrowski, Anita Compan, Kelsey Rife, Amy Hirsch, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Dannie Schlatzer, Xiaolin Li, Mark Chance, Benigno Rodriguez, Daniel L Popkin, Donald D Anthony
BACKGROUND:  Immune activation predicts morbidity during HCV and HIV infection, though mechanisms underlying immune activation are unclear. Plasma autotaxin and its enzymatic product, lysophosphatidic-acid (LPA), are elevated during HCV infection, and LPA activates immunocytes, but whether this contributes to immune activation is unknown. METHODS:  We evaluated plasma autotaxin, IL-6, sCD14, sCD163, and Mac2-Binding Protein (Mac2BP) during HCV, HIV and HCV-HIV infection, and in uninfected controls, before and after HIV ART and IFN-free HCV therapy...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Tom Beckers, Jan De Houwer, Dominic Michael Dwyer
The study of animal cognition is rife with controversy, and among the most long-standing and most intensely debated controversies in the field is the question of the extent to which the behavior of nonhuman animals can be fully understood on the basis of purely associative principles, or whether some behaviors exhibited by animals necessitate the assumption of inferential capacities in animals that defy an associative explanation. Remarkably, the continuing debate on the topic seems to be spawning little genuine progress in terms of substantial accumulation of new, generally accepted insights...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Psychology
Dinesh Bhugra, Soumitra Pathare, Rajlaxmi Joshi, Renuka Nardodkar, Julio Torales, Edgardo Juan L Tolentino, Rubens Dantas, Antonio Ventriglio
Discrimination against people with mental illness is rife across the globe. Among different types of discrimination is the policy in many countries where persons with mental illness are forbidden to inherit property, and they are not able to enter into a contract in a large number of countries. Using various databases, legislations dealing with law of contract, law of succession/inheritance, and law relating to testamentary capacity (wills) of all UN Member states (193 countries) were studied. With respect to federal countries, the laws of the most populous state as a representative state in the respective country were studied...
August 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Hojjat Soofi, Evert van Leeuwen
The one-size-fits-all paradigm of drug development fails to address inter-individual variability in drug response. Pharmacogenetics research aims at studying the role of genotypic differences in drug response. Recently, the pharmaceutical industry has shown interest to embed pharmacogenetics studies in the process of drug development. Nevertheless, population-based and commercial aspects of such future-oriented studies pose challenges for individually based informed consent (IC). As an exemplar of the communal turn to IC procedures, community advisory boards (CABs) have been integrated into different types of medical research...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
Lu Qieni, Han Kan, Ge Baozhen, Wang Xiang
A method based on unidirectional gradient-matched algorithm and Fourier transform technique is proposed to simultaneously extract the location and the number of fringes/fringe spacing of a particle interferogram. The position coordinate (x,y) of a particle can be determined with high accuracy because of the elimination of the fringe within the particle fringe pattern. Furthermore, the method can be employed to achieve sub-pixel frequency extraction when combined with an improved Rife algorithm. The performance of the method has been verified by numerical simulations and experimental measurements...
July 25, 2016: Optics Express
Richard J Binney, Bonnie Zuckerman, Jamie Reilly
Natural languages are rife with words that describe feelings, introspective states, and social constructs (e.g., liberty, persuasion) that cannot be directly observed through the senses. Effective communication demands linguistic competence with such abstract words. In clinical neurological settings, abstract words are especially vulnerable to the effects of stroke and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. A parallel literature in cognitive neuroscience suggests that abstract and concrete words are at least partially neuroanatomically dissociable...
September 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
F de Laval, I Leparc-Goffart, J-B Meynard, H Daubigny, F Simon, S Briolant
Since its discovery in 1947 in Uganda, the Zika virus (ZIKV) remained in the shadows emerging in 2007 in Micronesia, where hundreds of dengue-like syndromes were reported. Then, in 2013-2014, it was rife in French Polynesia, where the first neurological effects were observed. More recently, its arrival in Brazil was accompanied by an unusually high number of children with microcephaly born to mothers infected with ZIKV during the first trimester of pregnancy. In 2016, the World Health Organization declared ZIKV infection to be a public health emergency and now talks about a ZIKV pandemic...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Paul Miller
Biology is the study of dynamical systems. Yet most of us working in biology have limited pedagogical training in the theory of dynamical systems, an unfortunate historical fact that can be remedied for future generations of life scientists. In my particular field of systems neuroscience, neural circuits are rife with nonlinearities at all levels of description, rendering simple methodologies and our own intuition unreliable. Therefore, our ideas are likely to be wrong unless informed by good models. These models should be based on the mathematical theories of dynamical systems since functioning neurons are dynamic-they change their membrane potential and firing rates with time...
2016: F1000Research
Amber J de Vere, Stan A Kuczaj
The study of emotion is rife with debate over issues as fundamental as how to define emotion, and such disputes are particularly common in the nonhuman animal emotion literature. Here, we seek to address some of these issues, especially in terms of how they relate to animal research. Definitional issues are prevalent; clear definitions are often not given of crucial terms, including 'emotion,' and even where provided, such terms may be used inconsistently throughout a single paper. Further disagreement over the structure of emotions, and the nature of conscious experiences involved, leads to consistent differences in authors' criteria for emotions...
September 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
Youngsok Choi, Hye-Ryun Kim, Eun Jin Lim, Miseon Park, Jung Ah Yoon, Yeon Sun Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Ji-Eun Shin, Ji Hyang Kim, Hwang Kwon, Haengseok Song, Dong-Hee Choi
Intimate two-way interactions between the implantation-competent blastocyst and receptive uterus are prerequisite for successful embryo implantation. In humans, recurrent/repeated implantation failure (RIF) may occur due to altered uterine receptivity with aberrant gene expression in the endometrium as well as genetic defects in embryos. Several studies have been performed to understand dynamic changes of uterine transcriptome during menstrual cycles in humans. However, uterine transcriptome of the patients with RIF has not been clearly investigated yet...
2016: PloS One
Yago Lorenzo-Toja, Ian Vázquez-Rowe, María José Amores, Montserrat Termes-Rifé, Desirée Marín-Navarro, María Teresa Moreira, Gumersindo Feijoo
The new ISO 14045 framework is expected to slowly start shifting the definition of eco-efficiency toward a life-cycle perspective, using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as the environmental impact assessment method together with a system value assessment method for the economic analysis. In the present study, a set of 22 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Spain were analyzed on the basis of eco-efficiency criteria, using LCA and Life Cycle Costing (LCC) as a system value assessment method. The study is intended to be useful to decision-makers in the wastewater treatment sector, since the combined method provides an alternative scheme for analyzing the relationship between environmental impacts and costs...
October 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Kumsook Seo, Miyoung Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of the experience of Korean immigrant nurses working in US hospitals. METHODS: Purposive sampling yielded 15 Korean immigrant nurses who had more than one year of clinical experience in US hospitals. Data were collected from March to August 2012 through in-depth interviews and thematic analysis was conducted using van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach. RESULTS: The findings were classified into eight themes: 'struggling from staff at workplace being territorial to outsiders', 'feeling oppressed due to language barrier', 'accepting rational and horizontal relationships at work', 'staying alert in the environment where lawsuits are rife', 'feeling a sense of stability from the social system that values human dignity', 'maintaining self-confidence from prominent nursing practices and senior Korean nurses' professional reputation', 'performing essential comprehensive nursing care', 'promoting self-development to be equipped with professionalism...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
V S Saravanan, Marissa Ayessa Idenal, Shahin Saiyed, Deepak Saxena, Solvay Gerke
Diseases are rapidly urbanizing. Ageing infrastructures, high levels of inequality, poor urban governance, rapidly growing economies and highly dense and mobile populations all create environments rife for water-borne diseases. This article analyzes the role of institutions as crosscutting entities among a myriad of factors that breed water-borne diseases in the city of Ahmedabad, India. It applies 'path dependency' and a 'rational choice' perspective to understand the factors facilitating the breeding of diseases...
October 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"