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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903869/within-group-behavioural-consequences-of-between-group-conflict-a-prospective-review
#1
REVIEW
Andrew N Radford, Bonaventura Majolo, Filippo Aureli
Conflict is rife in group-living species and exerts a powerful selective force. Group members face a variety of threats from extra-group conspecifics, from individuals looking for reproductive opportunities to rival groups seeking resources. Theory predicts that such between-group conflict should influence within-group behaviour. However, compared with the extensive literature on the consequences of within-group conflict, relatively little research has considered the behavioural impacts of between-group conflict...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897750/i-know-how-tb-patients-feel
#2
Mel Burden
During 2010-11 I spent 6 months working in a rural South African hospital, where drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) was rife. I was diagnosed with TB 10 months after my return to the UK.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856180/sometimes-scientists-get-the-flu-wrong%C3%A2
#3
Matteo Marcantonio, Emily L Pascoe, Frédéric Baldacchino
In an international research environment, accurate communication is vital. However, the scientific literature does not always utilise consistent terminology and the misuse of some expressions in epidemiology is rife. We encourage the correct terms to be used appropriately to avoid confusion between scientists, policy makers, and members of the public.
November 14, 2016: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816921/is-rif-rife
#4
EDITORIAL
J L H Hans Evers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769243/the-potential-for-non-adaptive-origins-of-evolutionary-innovations-in-central-carbon-metabolism
#5
Sayed-Rzgar Hosseini, Andreas Wagner
BACKGROUND: Biological systems are rife with examples of pre-adaptations or exaptations. They range from the molecular scale - lens crystallins, which originated from metabolic enzymes - to the macroscopic scale, such as feathers used in flying, which originally served thermal insulation or waterproofing. An important class of exaptations are novel and useful traits with non-adaptive origins. Whether such origins could be frequent cannot be answered with individual examples, because it is a question about a biological system's potential for exaptation...
October 21, 2016: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733348/corruption-in-healthcare-is-rife-worldwide-finds-report
#6
Deborah Cohen, Michael Petkov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682352/primary-aldosteronism-in-the-primary-care-clinic-rife-or-rare
#7
James Brian Byrd
ARR = aldosterone-to-renin ratio MR = mineralocorticoid receptor PA = primary aldosteronism.
November 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673737/the-reinforcement-of-ableism-normality-the-medical-model-of-disability-and-humanism-in-applied-behavior-analysis-and-asd
#8
Eric Shyman
The field of educating individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder has ever been rife with controversy regarding issues ranging from etiology and causation to effective intervention and education options. One such basis for controversy has been between humanism, and humanistic philosophical concepts, and its fundamental differences with behaviorism, and behavioristic philosophical concepts. These differences have long been debated, and the belief that the two orientations are generally mutually exclusive has been largely maintained...
October 2016: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620914/correction-for-rife-et-al-evolution-of-neuroadaptation-in-the-periphery-and-purifying-selection-in-the-brain-contribute-to-compartmentalization-of-simian-immunodeficiency-virus-siv-in-the-brains-of-rhesus-macaques-with-siv-associated-encephalitis
#9
Brittany D Rife, David J Nolan, Susanna L Lamers, Patrick Autissier, Tricia Burdo, Kenneth C Williams, Marco Salemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612168/characteristics-of-bicycle-crashes-in-an-adolescent-population-in-flanders-belgium
#10
Jef Vanparijs, Luc Int Panis, Romain Meeusen, Bas de Geus
INTRODUCTION: In regions where transportation is mainly motorized, air pollution and traffic congestion are rife. Active transportation such as cycling might be a solution but safety is a major concern. An efficient science based safety policy is needed. The aim of this paper is to analyze in depth the bicycle crash causes and characteristics in an adolescent population (14-18 yr). METHODS: By using questionnaires for self-reported bicycle crashes, bicycle crash data were collected from insurance companies (January 2014-June 2015) and from schools (November 2013-March 2014)...
September 6, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562449/interventions-to-prevent-child-marriage-among-young-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-the-published-and-gray-literature
#11
REVIEW
Amanda M Kalamar, Susan Lee-Rife, Michelle J Hindin
Child marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18 years, is a human rights violation that can have lasting adverse educational and economic impacts. The objective of this review was to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decease child marriage in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched without language limitations for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. Reference tracing was used, as well as the unpacking of systematic reviews...
September 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543146/preliminary-report-on-osteochondrosis-in-cattle-in-the-north-western-parts-of-south-africa
#12
Leon Prozesky, Johan Neser, Heinz Meissner, Kenneth Botha, Lubbe Jacobs, Craig Shepstone, Hannes Viljoen, Hinner Köster, Chris De Brouwer, Jan Van Zyl, Gerjan Van der Veen
The north-western part of South Africa, in particular, is well known for mineral imbalances. Aphosphorosis, resulting in rickets and osteomalacia, received a lot of attention at the turn of the nineteenth century (1882-1912). This was followed in 1997 by research on Vryburg hepatosis, another area-specific mineral imbalance-related disease in young calves reared on manganese-rich soil derived from the weathering of dolomitic (carbonate) rock formations. In 1982, a totally new syndrome (osteochondrosis) manifested in, amongst others, areas in South Africa where aphosphorosis was rife...
2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540113/during-hcv-and-hcv-hiv-infection-elevated-plasma-autotaxin-is-associated-with-lpa-and-markers-of-immune-activation-that-normalize-during-ifn-free-hcv-therapy
#13
Lenche Kostadinova, Carey Shive, Chelsey Judge, Elizabeth Zebrowski, Anita Compan, Kelsey Rife, Amy Hirsch, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Dannie Schlatzer, Xiaolin Li, Mark Chance, Benigno Rodriguez, Daniel L Popkin, Donald D Anthony
BACKGROUND:  Immune activation predicts morbidity during HCV and HIV infection, though mechanisms underlying immune activation are unclear. Plasma autotaxin and its enzymatic product, lysophosphatidic-acid (LPA), are elevated during HCV infection, and LPA activates immunocytes, but whether this contributes to immune activation is unknown. METHODS:  We evaluated plasma autotaxin, IL-6, sCD14, sCD163, and Mac2-Binding Protein (Mac2BP) during HCV, HIV and HCV-HIV infection, and in uninfected controls, before and after HIV ART and IFN-free HCV therapy...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512822/reasoning-versus-association-in-animal-cognition-current-controversies-and-possible-ways-forward
#14
Tom Beckers, Jan De Houwer, Dominic Michael Dwyer
The study of animal cognition is rife with controversy, and among the most long-standing and most intensely debated controversies in the field is the question of the extent to which the behavior of nonhuman animals can be fully understood on the basis of purely associative principles, or whether some behaviors exhibited by animals necessitate the assumption of inferential capacities in animals that defy an associative explanation. Remarkably, the continuing debate on the topic seems to be spawning little genuine progress in terms of substantial accumulation of new, generally accepted insights...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498603/right-to-property-inheritance-and-contract-and-persons-with-mental-illness
#15
Dinesh Bhugra, Soumitra Pathare, Rajlaxmi Joshi, Renuka Nardodkar, Julio Torales, Edgardo Juan L Tolentino, Rubens Dantas, Antonio Ventriglio
Discrimination against people with mental illness is rife across the globe. Among different types of discrimination is the policy in many countries where persons with mental illness are forbidden to inherit property, and they are not able to enter into a contract in a large number of countries. Using various databases, legislations dealing with law of contract, law of succession/inheritance, and law relating to testamentary capacity (wills) of all UN Member states (193 countries) were studied. With respect to federal countries, the laws of the most populous state as a representative state in the respective country were studied...
August 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492247/within-and-beyond-the-communal-turn-to-informed-consent-in-industry-sponsored-pharmacogenetics-research-merits-and-challenges-of-community-advisory-boards
#16
Hojjat Soofi, Evert van Leeuwen
The one-size-fits-all paradigm of drug development fails to address inter-individual variability in drug response. Pharmacogenetics research aims at studying the role of genotypic differences in drug response. Recently, the pharmaceutical industry has shown interest to embed pharmacogenetics studies in the process of drug development. Nevertheless, population-based and commercial aspects of such future-oriented studies pose challenges for individually based informed consent (IC). As an exemplar of the communal turn to IC procedures, community advisory boards (CABs) have been integrated into different types of medical research...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464108/high-accuracy-simultaneous-measurement-of-particle-size-and-location-using-interferometric-out-of-focus-imaging
#17
Lu Qieni, Han Kan, Ge Baozhen, Wang Xiang
A method based on unidirectional gradient-matched algorithm and Fourier transform technique is proposed to simultaneously extract the location and the number of fringes/fringe spacing of a particle interferogram. The position coordinate (x,y) of a particle can be determined with high accuracy because of the elimination of the fringe within the particle fringe pattern. Furthermore, the method can be employed to achieve sub-pixel frequency extraction when combined with an improved Rife algorithm. The performance of the method has been verified by numerical simulations and experimental measurements...
July 25, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443646/a-neuropsychological-perspective-on-abstract-word-representation-from-theory-to-treatment-of-acquired-language-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Richard J Binney, Bonnie Zuckerman, Jamie Reilly
Natural languages are rife with words that describe feelings, introspective states, and social constructs (e.g., liberty, persuasion) that cannot be directly observed through the senses. Effective communication demands linguistic competence with such abstract words. In clinical neurological settings, abstract words are especially vulnerable to the effects of stroke and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. A parallel literature in cognitive neuroscience suggests that abstract and concrete words are at least partially neuroanatomically dissociable...
September 2016: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412976/zika-virus-infections
#19
F de Laval, I Leparc-Goffart, J-B Meynard, H Daubigny, F Simon, S Briolant
Since its discovery in 1947 in Uganda, the Zika virus (ZIKV) remained in the shadows emerging in 2007 in Micronesia, where hundreds of dengue-like syndromes were reported. Then, in 2013-2014, it was rife in French Polynesia, where the first neurological effects were observed. More recently, its arrival in Brazil was accompanied by an unusually high number of children with microcephaly born to mothers infected with ZIKV during the first trimester of pregnancy. In 2016, the World Health Organization declared ZIKV infection to be a public health emergency and now talks about a ZIKV pandemic...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408709/dynamical-systems-attractors-and-neural-circuits
#20
REVIEW
Paul Miller
Biology is the study of dynamical systems. Yet most of us working in biology have limited pedagogical training in the theory of dynamical systems, an unfortunate historical fact that can be remedied for future generations of life scientists. In my particular field of systems neuroscience, neural circuits are rife with nonlinearities at all levels of description, rendering simple methodologies and our own intuition unreliable. Therefore, our ideas are likely to be wrong unless informed by good models. These models should be based on the mathematical theories of dynamical systems since functioning neurons are dynamic-they change their membrane potential and firing rates with time...
2016: F1000Research
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