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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542075/examining-the-role-of-antimicrobial-irrigation-and-capsular-contracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
James J Drinane, Tayseer Chowdhry, Thuy-Huong Pham, Edmond Ritter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to determine if irrigation of breast implant pockets with antibiotics reduces the rate of capsular contracture (CC). Capsular contracture is the most common complication after primary augmentation mammoplasty, yet its etiology remains cryptogenic. METHODS: PubMed was searched for publications from January 1 of 2000 through October of 2015. Studies with the following criteria were included: primary breast augmentation with implants, use of antimicrobial irrigation (AMI), and documentation of CC...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526654/clinical-and-angiographic-characteristics-of-35-patients-with-cryptogenic-hemoptysis
#2
Takahiro Ando, Masahiro Kawashima, Kimihiko Masuda, Keita Takeda, Kenichi Okuda, Junko Suzuki, Nobuharu Ohshima, Hirotoshi Matsui, Atsuhisa Tamura, Hideaki Nagai, Shinobu Akagawa, Ken Ohta
BACKGROUND: Hemoptysis can cause a life threatening condition and often need to be treated urgently. Nearly 20% of hemoptysis cases were diagnosed as cryptogenic after clinical investigation. The purpose of this study was to clarify clinical and angiographic characteristics of cryptogenic hemoptysis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 35 patients admitted to our hospital with cryptogenic hemoptysis from October 2010 to September 2014. RESULTS: In the 35 cases, bronchial artery embolization was successfully performed in 33 patients (94...
May 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523236/left-atrial-size-and-risk-of-recurrent-ischemic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Jie Xue, Yuanshao Lin, Wensi Huang, Xiaoli Chen, Qian Li, Zhengyi Cai, Wanli Zhang, Yuansheng Ye, Bei Shao
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have reported the role of an increased left atrial (LA) size on stroke, limited data are collected about the relationship between LA enlargement and recurrent ischemic stroke in the Chinese population. Our aim was to assess the association of LA size with the risk of stroke recurrence, particularly with recurrent cardioembolic or cryptogenic stroke in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: The study recruited 313 consecutive patients with acute first-ever ischemic stroke...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512413/two-cases-of-nivolumab-re-administration-after-pneumonitis-as-immune-related-adverse-events
#4
Keisuke Imafuku, Koji Yoshino, Kei Yamaguchi, Satoshi Tsuboi, Kuniaki Ohara, Hiroo Hata
Nivolumab is a recently approved medication for the treatment of unresectable malignant melanoma. Many immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with nivolumab have been reported, such as pneumonitis, hepatitis, dermatitis, and thyroiditis. Prednisolone can effectively treat irAEs. However, it is unclear how or if nivolumab should be administered to patients after they have experienced an irAE. Herein, we show 2 patients who underwent pneumonitis as irAE. Case 1 demonstrated a cryptogenic organizing pneumonia pattern in the CT scan and case 2 had a diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) pattern...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510689/chronic-enteropathy-associated-with-slco2a1-gene-ceas-characterization-of-an-enteric-disorder-to-be-considered-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-crohn-s-disease
#5
Naoki Hosoe, Naoki Ohmiya, Fumihito Hirai, Junji Umeno, Motohiro Esaki, Hirokazu Yamagami, Kei Onodera, Shigeki Bamba, Hiroyuki Imaeda, Shunichi Yanai, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Haruhiko Ogata, Takayuki Matsumoto
Small intestinal ulcers include mucosal damage caused by drugs, particularly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), infectious diseases, and idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. Previously, a group of Japanese investigators reported an unusual and uncommon type of enteritis and referred to the condition as chronic nonspecific multiple ulcers of the small intestine (CNSU). CNSU is characterized by chronic blood and protein loss through persistent small intestinal ulcers. Recently, four candidate mutations in the solute carrier organic anion transporter family, member 2A1 (SLCO2A1) gene, encoding a prostaglandin transporter, were identified by whole-exam sequencing in patients with CNSU...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504497/liver-disease-and-dyslipidemia-as-a-manifestation-of-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency-lal-d-clinical-and-diagnostic-aspects-and-a-new-treatment-an-update
#6
Luisa Bay, Cristina Canero Velasco, Mirta Ciocca, Andrea Cotti, Miriam Cuarterolo, Alejandro Fainboim, Eduardo Fassio, Marcela Galoppo, Federico Pinero, Paula Rozenfeld
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is still a little recognized genetic disease with significant morbidity and mortality in children and adults. This document provides guidance on when to suspect LAL-D and how to diagnose it. It is recommended to add lysosomal acid lipase deficiency to the List of differential diagnoses of sepsis, oncological diseases, storage diseases, persistent diarrhea, chronic malnutrition, and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. It should also be considered in young patients with dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis as well as diseases associated with fatty liver and/or hepatomegaly...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503283/cryptogenic-hepatitis-simulating-cyst-rupture-and-hydatid-jaundice-in-a-patient-with-preexisting-asymptomatic-hydatid-cyst
#7
Ulas Aday, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Murat Kapan
BACKGROUND: Rupture into the biliary ducts is the most frequent complication of hydatid liver disease. In endemic areas of Echinococcus granulosus, development of jaundice in a patient with liver cyst is initially suspected to have hydatid cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48 year-old woman with history of asymptomatic hydatid liver cysts was admitted to the emergency department with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, increased levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase and the initial clinical diagnosis was the hydatid cyst rupture into the bile ducts...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502934/a-cryptogenic-case-of-fulminant-fibrosing-organizing-pneumonia
#8
Takehiko Kobayashi, Masanori Kitaichi, Kazunobu Tachibana, Yutaro Kishimoto, Yasushi Inoue, Tomoko Kagawa, Toshiya Maekura, Chikatoshi Sugimoto, Toru Arai, Masanori Akira, Yoshikazu Inoue
Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) generally responds well to corticosteroids with a favorable outcome. Rare cases of organizing pneumonia are rapidly progressive. Yousem et al. studied pathologic predictors of idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia/COP with an unfavorable prognosis. Beardsley and Rassl proposed the name fibrosing organizing pneumonia (FOP). A 74-year-old female non-smoker presented with a 2-week history of dry cough followed by dyspnea and a fever. The clinical course was fulminant, but we successfully performed bronchoscopy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502381/linking-lysosomal-acid-lipase-insufficiency-to-the-development-of-cryptogenic-cirrhosis
#9
EDITORIAL
Robert C Block, Babak Razani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497441/-cryptogenic-stroke-in-a-young-patient-with-heart-disease-and-kidney-failure
#10
B Oyanguren, R Segoviano, E Alegria, E Besada, M Gonzalez-Salaices, M Eimil-Ortiz, C Lopez de Silanes
INTRODUCTION: Fabry's disease is an infrequent metabolic pathology linked to the X chromosome which causes a wide variety of signs and symptoms. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old male who was admitted to our stroke unit with right-side hemiparesis (1 + 0) and dysarthria (1). The score on the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale was 2. The patient presented angiokeratomas in both thighs. A computerised axial tomography scan of the head showed left thalamic acute infarction...
May 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495950/carotid-bulb-webs-as-a-cause-of-cryptogenic-ischemic-stroke
#11
P I Sajedi, J N Gonzalez, C A Cronin, T Kouo, A Steven, J Zhuo, O Thompson, R Castellani, S J Kittner, D Gandhi, P Raghavan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid webs are intraluminal shelf-like filling defects at the carotid bulb with recently recognized implications in patients with recurrent ischemic stroke. We sought to determine whether carotid webs are an under-recognized cause of "cryptogenic" ischemic stroke and to estimate their prevalence in the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of neck CTA studies in young patients with cryptogenic stroke over the past 6 years (n = 33) was performed to determine the prevalence of carotid webs compared with a control group of patients who received neck CTA studies for reasons other than ischemic stroke (n = 63)...
May 11, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489830/-clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-vascular-complications-hospitalized-at-the-instituto-nacional-de-salud-del-ni%C3%A3-o
#12
Alexis Jose Ormeño Julca, Carlos Melchor Alvarez Murillo, Pedro Miguel Amoretti Alvino, Angel Aladino Florian Florian, Rosa Aurora Castro Johanson, Maria Danisa Celi Perez, Olga Rocío Huamán Prado
The hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) and portopulmonary hypertension (PPHN) are distinct pulmonary vascular complications of portal hypertension (PHT) and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary vascular complications hospitalized at the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included patients with HTP hospitalized from January 2012 to June 2013 and that during its evolution progressed with SHP or HTPP...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489253/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-collagen-plug-and-advancement-flap-for-trans-sphincteric-anal-fistula
#13
J Bondi, J Avdagic, U Karlbom, O Hallböök, D Kalman, J Šaltytė Benth, N Naimy, T Øresland
BACKGROUND: The role of a collagen plug for treating anal fistula is not well established. A randomized prospective multicentre non-inferiority study of surgical treatment of trans-sphincteric cryptogenic fistulas was undertaken, comparing the anal fistula plug with the mucosal advancement flap with regard to fistula recurrence rate and functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with an anal fistula were evaluated for eligibility in three centres, and randomized to either mucosal advancement flap surgery or collagen plug, with clinical follow-up at 3 and 12 months...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478812/migraine-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-cerebral-microinfarcts-are-silent-cryptogenic-strokes-and-relate-to-dementia
#14
Arnold E Eggers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476507/old-stroke-as-an-independent-risk-etiology-for-todd-s-paralysis
#15
Kenichiro Sato, Noritoshi Arai, Ayumi Hida, Sousuke Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Todd's paralysis (TP) is a well-known postictal paresis in which patients present with transient weakness in their limb(s) after seizures. Although recognized as a stroke mimic in clinical practice, the pathophysiological mechanism and clinical features of TP remain unknown. Furthermore, its diagnosis can be erroneous in neurological emergency practice. We aimed to illustrate the clinical features and identify factors associated with TP. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective observational study included consecutive adult patients who presented with convulsive seizure and were referred to an urban tertiary care emergency department between August 2010 and April 2016...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465966/transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-incremental-diagnostic-role-in-cryptogenic-stroke-part-ii
#16
REVIEW
Antonello D'Andrea, Marianna Conte, Lucia Riegler, Raffaella Scarafile, Rosangela Cocchia, Enrica Pezzullo, Massimo Cavallaro, Marco Di Maio, Francesco Natale, Giuseppe Santoro, Maria Giovanna Russo, Marino Scherillo, Raffaele Calabrò
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is a noninvasive ultrasound study, which has been extensively applied in both outpatient and inpatient settings. Its main use in current clinical practice is the research for "Paradoxical Embolism," due to migration of thromboembolic material from systemic venous circulation to the left cardiac chambers and arterial circulation through cardiopulmonary shunts such as patent foramen ovale which represents an important cause of cryptogenic stroke, especially in patients under 55 years of age...
July 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462783/cryptogenic-hemoptysis-effectiveness-of-bronchial-artery-embolization-using-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate
#17
Hyukjoon Lee, Chang Jin Yoon, Nak Jong Seong, Chang Ho Jeon, Ho Il Yoon, Joongseok Go
PURPOSE: To describe angiographic findings and assess safety and effectiveness of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in patients with cryptogenic hemoptysis (CH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 and March 2014, 26 patients who underwent BAE for CH were enrolled. A retrospective review was conducted for angiographic findings and clinical outcomes of BAE, including technical and clinical success, complications, and recurrent hemoptysis...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460651/transcatheter-closure-of-the-patent-foramen-ovale-in-children-intermediate-term-follow-up-results
#18
Kutay Sel, Hakan H Aykan, Derya Duman, Ebru Aypar, Süheyla Özkutlu, Dursun Alehan, Tevfik Karagöz
The patent foramen ovale is almost a normal anatomical hole between the atria with ~30% incidence in the general population. It has been suggested that the patent foramen ovale is the cause of some neurological events, which is explained by paradoxical embolism. Transcatheter closure of the patent foramen ovale is a common procedure in adult patients with cerebral ischaemic events, but there are limited data investigating the results in children. Between January, 2005 and February, 2014, 17 patients' patent foramen ovales were closed by the transcatheter approach in our department...
May 2, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460494/how-to-identify-patients-at-risk-of-silent-atrial-fibrillation-after-cryptogenic-stroke-potential-role-of-p-wave-dispersion
#19
Maurizio Acampa, Pietro Enea Lazzerini, Giuseppe Martini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457582/clinical-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-epilepsy-in-adults-from-a-reference-centre-in-colombia
#20
J P Orozco-Hernández, J F Quintero-Moreno, D S Marín-Medina, J P Castaño-Montoya, P Hernández-Coral, M Pineda, J D Vélez, H C Villada, J W Martínez, A Lizcano
OBJECTIVES: To describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of a cohort of patients with epilepsy from a reference centre in Colombia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including patients diagnosed with epilepsy who attended our epilepsy centre (Neurocentro) between 2013 and 2016. Data were gathered from patients' medical histories. RESULTS: We gathered data from a total of 354 patients diagnosed with epilepsy. Median age was 37 years; 52% were men...
April 27, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
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