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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225194/observing-bedside-rounds-for-faculty-development
#1
Somnath Mookherjee, Daniel Cabrera, Christy M McKinney, Elizabeth Kaplan, Lynne Robins
BACKGROUND: Bedside rounds are an ideal opportunity for clinical teaching. We previously offered faculty development on balancing learner autonomy, patient care and teaching. We noticed that participants often asked whether attending physicians and learners shared the same perceptions of the key elements (patient-centredness, efficiency and educational value) of bedside rounds. Understanding these perceptions and identifying areas of discordance would inform faculty development for optimal bedside rounds...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223855/perception-of-educational-value-in-clinical-rotations-by-medical-students
#2
David A Kandiah
AIM: Clinical teaching in Australian medical schools has changed to meet the needs of substantially increased medical student cohorts. As such, formal feedback from these student cohorts is needed about the value they place on the educational input from each clinical rotation. This study aims to determine which aspects of clinical placements are most educationally useful to medical students. METHODS: In this study, final year medical students from the University of Western Australia (UWA) were surveyed via an anonymous online questionnaire, identifying which clinical placements were found to be the most and the least useful to their learning and the positive aspects of these placements...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186481/nursing-care-perspectives-and-foresights
#3
Didier Lecordier, Ljiljana Jovic
As a continuation of its work and of the seminar on nursing sciences education in 2014, the “Association de recherche en soins infirmiers” (Arsi) organized a seminar on the 3rd and-4th of June 2016 in Nantes entitled : “nursing : perspectives and foresights”. More than fifty participants from the francophone area representing various sectors of practice : clinical, teaching, management and students gathered to debate and produce benchmarks to support the development of nursing sciences in France and to draw future directions for clinical practice and training...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#4
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178914/a-survey-of-senior-medical-students-attitudes-and-awareness-toward-teaching-and-participation-in-a-formal-clinical-teaching-elective-a-canadian-perspective
#5
J D Matthew Hughes, Elise Azzi, Gregory Walter Rose, Christopher J Ramnanan, Karima Khamisa
BACKGROUND: To prepare for careers in medicine, medical trainees must develop clinical teaching skills. It is unclear if Canadian medical students need or want to develop such skills. We sought to assess Canadian students' perceptions of clinical teaching, and their desire to pursue clinical teaching skills development via a clinical teaching elective (CTE) in their final year of medical school. METHODS: We designed a descriptive cross-sectional study of Canadian senior medical students, using an online survey to gauge teaching experience, career goals, perceived areas of confidence, and interest in a CTE...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178911/bringing-mini-chalk-talks-to-the-bedside-to-enhance-clinical-teaching
#6
Michael B Pitt, Jay D Orlander
: Chalk talks - where the teacher is equipped solely with a writing utensil and a writing surface - have been used for centuries, yet little has been written about strategies for their use in medical education. Structured education proximal to patient encounters (during rounds, at the bedside, or in between patients in clinic) maximizes the opportunities for clinical learning. This paper presents a strategy to bring mini-chalk talks (MCTs) to the bedside as a practical way to provide relevant clinical teaching by visually framing teachable moments...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161348/mindfulness-based-laboratory-reduction-reducing-utilization-through-trainee-led-daily-time-outs
#7
Emily G McDonald, Ramy R Saleh, Todd C Lee
BACKGROUND: Overuse of laboratory investigations is widely prevalent in hospitalized patients, leads to discomfort, and increases direct and indirect costs. OBJECTIVE: We implemented a simple, inexpensive, mindfulness strategy on our inpatient medical clinical teaching unit to reduce unnecessary laboratory orders through education, a forcing function, and daily structured laboratory "time outs". METHODS: On a 26-bed unit in an academic hospital centre, the per-period laboratory costs per patient were compared pre- and post-intervention using segmented regression analysis of an interrupted time-series...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150257/-narrative-pedagogy-in-nursing-education-the-essence-of-clinical-nursing-process-recording
#8
Yu-Mei Y Chao, Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: Clinical nursing process recording (CNPR) has been shown to be an effective tool for facilitating student-centered teaching and learning in nursing education. Yet, the essence and process of this tool have yet to be sufficiently explored and clarified. PURPOSE: To explore the essence of CNPR in the contexts of clinical teaching and learning. METHODS: Reflective analysis was used as the phenomenological approach to analyze the qualitative data, which were transcribed from the oral responses of the six participants who were attending the Clinical Nursing Education Forum...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140707/preparing-for-practice-nursing-intern-and-faculty-perceptions-on-clinical-experiences
#9
Hanan AlThiga, Sharifah Mohidin, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: Clinical experience and exposure to real patients are required elements of nursing education. Trainees in nursing are expected to be prepared adequately for the hard-working environment, increasing patient complexity, and higher-level competencies. This study investigates differences between nursing interns and clinical faculty on actual and perceived importance of educational preparation and development of clinical competencies, focusing on the nursing curriculum and transition to practice...
January 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130976/clinical-teaching-and-learning-within-a-preceptorship-model-in-an-acute-care-hospital-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#10
Edel McSharry, Judith Lathlean
BACKGROUND: A preceptorship model of clinical teaching was introduced to support the new all-graduate nurse education programme in Ireland in 2002. Little is known about how this model impacts upon the pedagogical practices of the preceptor or student learning in clinical practice leading to question what constitutes effective teaching and learning in clinical practice at undergraduate level. AIM: This study aimed to explore the clinical teaching and learning within a preceptorship model in an acute care hospital in Ireland and identify when best practice, based on current theoretical professional and educational principles occurred...
January 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122550/developing-medical-education-capacity-in-russia-twenty-years-of-experience
#11
Bulat A Ziganshin, Mitra Sadigh, Liliya M Yausheva, Anna P Ziganshina, Arseniy A Pichugin, Alexey S Sozinov, Nail Kh Amirov, Asghar Rastegar, Ayrat U Ziganshin, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The partnership between Yale University (USA) and Kazan State Medical University (KSMU, Russia) was established in 1996 and transitioned to Western Connecticut Health Network (WCHN)/University of Vermont Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine (USA) in 2012 with the goal of modernizing medical education at KSMU primarily through introduction of the American medical education structure, role modeling, and educational capacity building. It was centered on the formation of a select group of Russian junior faculty members familiar with American medical education who would then initiate a gradual change in medical education at KSMU...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112096/supernumerary-registrar-experience-at-the-university-of-cape-town-south-africa
#12
S Peer, S A Burrows, N Mankahla, J J Fagan
BACKGROUND: Despite supernumerary registrars (SNRs) being hosted in South African (SA) training programmes, there are no reports of their experience. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the experience of SNRs at the University of Cape Town, SA, and the experience of SNRs from the perspective of SA registrars (SARs). METHODS: SNRs and SARs completed an online survey in 2012. RESULTS: Seventy-three registrars responded; 42 were SARs and 31 were SNRs...
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112088/the-national-health-insurance-the-decentralised-clinical-training-platform-and-specialist-outreach
#13
R I Caldwell, C Aldous
According to the Constitution of South Africa (SA), citizens living in remote areas are entitled to the same level of healthcare as those with access to tertiary hospitals. Specialist outreach has been shown to achieve this. When SA's National Health Services Commission convened (1942 - 1944), Gluckman summarised: 'Where the need is greatest the supply of hospitals is least.' Primary healthcare (PHC) characterised the Kark's Pholela Health Centre and was highly regarded. Although PHC underpins National Health Insurance (NHI) planning, both preventive and curative healthcare are needed...
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100046/using-drawing-in-clinical-teaching
#14
Jane Currie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049672/exploring-how-u-s-dental-schools-teach-removal-of-carious-tissues-during-cavity-preparations
#15
Marcelle M Nascimento, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Xiaoying Feng, Sandra Guzmán-Armstrong, Margherita Fontana
Approaches for managing carious tissues during cavity preparations vary considerably among clinicians, which may reflect inconsistencies in the teaching of this subject by dental schools. The aims of this study were to investigate practices related to the preclinical and clinical teaching of caries removal at U.S. dental schools and the relationship between that teaching and requirements for U.S. dental licensure examinations. The electronic survey included questions about terminology, methods, instruments and materials, treatment planning, criteria for clinical exams, faculty calibration sessions, and licensure exams...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035324/the-july-effect-in-radical-cystectomy-mortality-morbidity-and-efficiency
#16
Keegan Zuk, Derek Jensen, Jessie Gills, Hadley Wyre, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein, Ernesto Lopez-Corona, Eugene K Lee
Background: The "July effect" is the potential effect that new and recently promoted residents have on patient care during the first months of the academic year. Literature suggests that the July effect may worsen patient outcomes and lead to systemic inefficiencies. Objective: We evaluate the July effect on mortality, morbidity, and efficiency outcomes in patients undergoing radical cystectomy. Methods: A chart review was performed in patients who underwent radical cystectomy between January 2008 and April 2012...
October 27, 2016: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#17
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995730/dental-students-perceptions-on-the-contribution-and-impact-role-of-a-clinical-teacher
#18
L A Shoaib, S H Safii, Z Naimie, N A Ahmad, P Sukumaran, R M Yunus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in University of Malaya to evaluate student perceptions on the contribution and role of an effective clinical teacher based on the cognitive apprenticeship model in clinical practice. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 233 undergraduate dental students involved with clinical teaching. This modified and validated questionnaire focusing on students' learning environment was used in order to gain relevant information related to dental clinical teaching...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990470/medical-students-development-of-ethical-judgment-exploring-the-learners-perspectives-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
Thorsten Langer, Danny Jazmati, Ole Jung, Christian Schulz, Martin W Schnell
Objective: Contemporary healthcare requires physicians to have well developed ethical judgment skills in addition to excellent clinical skills. However, no consensus has been reached on how to best teach ethical judgment skills during medical training. Previous studies revealed inconclusive results and applied varying theoretical frameworks. To date, the students' perspectives on their development in ethical judgment has received less attention. Better insights in the learners' experiences can help to improve educational interventions in medical ethics...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986182/episiotomy-technique-and-management-of-anal-sphincter-tears-a-survey-of-clinical-practice-and-education
#20
Rebecca Menzies, Marian Leung, Nirmala Chandrasekaran, Andrea Lausman, Michael Geary
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain current techniques of episiotomy used by obstetrics and gynaecology faculty members and residents in an academic department and to determine the current management strategies for third and fourth degree tears. METHOD: A 14-question anonymous online survey was circulated to all faculty members and residents in the University of Toronto Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology between October 2015 and March 2016. Results were analyzed descriptively or with Fisher exact test...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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