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"Clinical teaching "

Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Cha-Nam Shin, Julie Fine, Angela Chia-Chen Chen
Having culturally competent nurse educators is crucial to preparing future nurses to meet the health needs of a diverse and multicultural United States population. The authors explored the perspectives of 21 clinical nurse educators on a variety of clinical nursing situations related to cultural diversity. They identified five themes that emerged from a content analysis and represented a range of perspectives. The authors recommend three strategies to be integrated into programs that will educate nursing students in providing care to a diverse patient population...
July 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Emily A Ruden, David P Way, Rollin W Nagel, Fern Cheek, Alex J Auseon
BACKGROUND: Best practices in the teaching of performance and interpretation of echocardiography to cardiology fellows are unknown, and thus, it has traditionally been performed through an apprenticeship model. This review summarizes the existing literature describing evidence-based teaching of echocardiography. METHODS: A comprehensive search of multiple scientific and educational databases included prospective studies describing an educational intervention for teaching echocardiography to physicians...
October 13, 2016: Echocardiography
Fathima Wardha Refai, Nayani P Madarasingha, Rohini Fernandopulle, Nadira Karunaweera
Leishmaniasis is caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Leishmania. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Sri Lanka with over 3000 cases during the last decade and numbers are increasing. Treatment options available in Sri Lanka for CL include intralesional/intramuscular sodium stibogluconate and cryotherapy. Eight cases of treatment failure with standard therapy are reported from the Dermatology Clinic, Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura. Therapeutic regimes aim for clinical healing, these patients responded poorly to anti-leishmanial therapy, indicating the need for close monitoring, explore alternative treatment options and to investigate for drug resistance in parasites...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. A holistic approach in assessment of competency is advocated. Difficulties in the development of valid and reliable assessment measures in nursing competency have resulted in the development of assessment instruments with an increase in face and content validity, but few studies have tested these instruments psychometrically...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Christoph Dybowski, Levente Kriston, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: High teaching quality and students' corresponding learning progress are the most important indicators of teachers' work performance. Theory and numerous empirical studies indicate that self-efficacy, a person's belief in her or his ability to accomplish a task, is an important predictor of work performance. Accordingly, it can be assumed that teaching self-efficacy also influences teaching performance and students' learning progress with regard to physicians who teach in undergraduate medical education...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Parker Magin, Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Cathy Regan, Neil Spike
BACKGROUND: Home visits (HVs) and nursing home visits (NHVs) are accepted as core elements of general practice. There is concern regarding declining rates of HVs and an increasing demand for NHVs together with a perceived decreased willingness of younger GPs to provide these services. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence and associations of recently vocationally qualified GPs ('graduates') performing HVs and NHVs. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) graduates of 3 of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
September 14, 2016: Family Practice
Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Andrew Ferguson, Markus W Hollmann, Bente Malling, Onyebuchi A Arah, M M Berger, E van Gessel, R Hoff, P Houweling, S Loer, S A Padosch, M J Schramm, W S Schlack, L A Steiner, R J Stolker
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing international recognition of clinical teaching as a competency and regulation of residency training, evaluation of anesthesiology faculty teaching is needed. The System for Evaluating Teaching Qualities (SETQ) Smart questionnaires were developed for assessing teaching performance of faculty in residency training programs in different countries. This study investigated (1) the structure, (2) the psychometric qualities of the new tools, and (3) the number of residents' evaluations needed per anesthesiology faculty to use the instruments reliably...
November 2016: Anesthesiology
L Nilas, E C Løkkegaard, J B Laursen, J Kling, D Cortes
BACKGROUND: From 2012-2015, the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and of Pediatrics at the University of Copenhagen conducted a project, "Internationalization at Home ", offering clinical teaching in English. The project allowed international students to work with Danish speaking students in a clinical setting. Using semi-quantitative questionnaires to 89 clinicians about use of English and need for training, this paper considers if Danish clinical doctors are prepared to teach in English...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Sudha Jasmine Rajan, Tripti Meriel Jacob, Sowmya Sathyendra
BACKGROUND: Development of health professionals with ability to integrate, synthesize, and apply knowledge gained through medical college is greatly hampered by the system of delivery that is compartmentalized and piecemeal. There is a need to integrate basic sciences with clinical teaching to enable application in clinical care. AIM: To study the benefit and acceptance of vertical integration of basic science in final year MBBS undergraduate curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After Institutional Ethics Clearance, neuroanatomy refresher classes with clinical application to neurological diseases were held as part of the final year posting in two medical units...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Selina H McKinney, Abbas Tavakoli, JoAnne Herman
BACKGROUND: The increasing volume of nursing students placed in shrinking numbers of clinical sites has resulted in clinical overcrowding in behavioral care settings. Overcrowding has resulted in the deterioration of the clinical teaching and learning experience for students, faculty, and nurses. PsyConnect is a layered, multiplatform engagement learning experience that uses multiple teaching methods to increase student engagement, reduce inpatient overcrowding, maximize learning opportunities, and improve teaching and learning experiences...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Jonathan Mayes, Simon Davies, Andrew Harris, Emma Wray, Graham G Dark
Statistics show that more than one in two people born after 1960 in the UK will develop cancer during their lifetime. However, a 2013 study found that only 36 % of UK medical schools offer dedicated clinical teaching in oncology. The aim of this study was to assess the views of medical students on five domains of oncology before and after their first clinical placement, to assess the impact, and to obtain students' views on the oncology curriculum. A 28-item questionnaire was developed to compare responses before and after the students' first 2-week clinical placement, and impact was measured as a positive or negative deviation from a baseline response...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Alison Moores, Paula Puawe, Nancy Buasi, Florence West, Mary K Samor, Nina Joseph, Michele Rumsey, Angela Dawson, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea has a very high maternal mortality rate (773/100,000), low rates of supervised births and a critical shortage of skilled midwives. A midwifery education initiative commenced in 2012, funded by the Australian Government and led by the National Department of Health. One specific objective of the initiative was to improve the standard of clinical teaching and practice in four schools of midwifery. There were 394 midwives educated over the 4 year period (2012-2015) representing half of all midwives in Papua New Guinea...
October 2016: Midwifery
Harish Thampy, Kirsten Bond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Education for Primary Care
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan
Although widely accepted as an important graduate competence, professionalism is a challenging outcome to define and assess. Clinical rotations provide an excellent opportunity to develop student professionalism through the use of experiential learning and effective feedback, but without appropriate theoretical frameworks, clinical teachers may find it difficult to identify appropriate learning outcomes. The adage "I know it when I see it" is unhelpful in providing feedback and guidance for student improvement, and criteria that are more specifically defined would help students direct their own development...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rebecca Mathew, Serena Gundy, Diana Ulic, Shariq Haider, Parveen Wasi
PURPOSE: To assess senior internal medicine residents' experience of the implementation of a reduced duty hours model with night float, the transition from the prior 26-hour call system, and the new model's effects on resident quality of life and perceived patient safety in the emergency department and clinical teaching unit at McMaster University. METHOD: Qualitative data were collected during May 2013-July 2014, through resident focus groups held prior to implementation of a reduced duty hours model and 10 to 12 months postimplementation...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Susan A Seibert, Elizabeth Bonham
Dedicated Education Units optimize the expertise of staff nurses to provide clinical instruction to nursing students, thereby creating a need to prepare staff nurses for the teaching role and educate them about clinical teaching strategies. A curriculum to educate Dedicated Education Unit staff nurses in the art of clinical instruction was created to fill this gap in staff development. This article describes the development of an innovative, interactive, evidence-based curriculum to prepare Dedication Education Unit staff nurses and strengthen an academic-practice partnership...
July 2016: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Salizar Mohamed Ludin, Nik Mohamed Nik Fathullah
BACKGROUND: Clinical teachers are a critical determinant of the quality of nursing students' clinical learning experiences. Understanding students' perceptions of clinical teachers' behaviours can provide the basis for recommendations that will help improve the quality of clinical education in clinical settings by developing better clinical teachers. OBJECTIVES: To understand clinical teaching behaviours and their influence on students' learning from the perspective of undergraduate nursing students...
September 2016: Nurse Education Today
Li-Ying Lin, Ruey-Hsia Wang
AIM: To develop a valid and reliable self-assessment scale that can be used by registered nurses in Taiwan to completely measure their patient education competence. METHODS: The Patient Education Competence Scale for Registered Nurses was developed by using expert reviews, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, criterion validity, and internal consistency and stability to test the construct validity and instrument stability. RESULTS: The exploratory factor analysis of the Patient Education Competence Scale for Registered Nurses from 133 responses revealed 24 items loading on two factors: implementation of patient education and preparation for patient education...
July 14, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Salina Juma, Mary-Margaret Taabazuing, Manuel Montero-Odasso
BACKGROUND: Frailty is characterized by increased vulnerability to external stressors. When frail older adults are admitted to hospital, they are at increased risk of adverse events including falls, delirium, and disability. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a practical and efficient tool for assessing frailty; however, its ability to predict outcomes has not been well studied within the acute medical service. OBJECTIVE: To examine the CFS in elderly patients admitted to the acute medical ward and its association with length of stay...
June 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
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