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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#1
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938076/fabrication-of-robust-reference-tips-and-reference-electrodes-for-kelvin-probe-applications-in-changing-atmospheres
#2
Matthias Uebel, Ashokanand Vimalanandan, Abdelaziz Laaboudi, Stefan Evers, Martin Stratmann, Detlef Diesing, Michael Rohwerder
The scanning Kelvin probe (SKP) is a versatile method for the measurement of the Volta potential difference between a sample and the SKP tip (Δψsample, SKP-tip). Based on suitable calibration, this technique is highly suited for the application in corrosion science due to its ability to serve as a very sensitive non-contact and non-destructive method for determining the electrode potential, even at buried interfaces beneath coatings or on surfaces covered by ultra-thin electrolyte layers, which are not accessible by standard reference electrodes...
September 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937898/selective-reduction-of-talon-cusps-a-case-series
#3
Rona Leith, Anne C O'Connell
Talon cusps associated with permanent incisors are a rare occurrence but can cause numerous complications. When treatment is indicated options include radical or selective reduction of the accessory cusp, but there is no standard protocol for management. STUDY DESIGN: Patients referred to the Dublin Dental University Hospital for treatment of talon cusps were identified, contacted and consent obtained. Clinical notes, photographs and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Eleven patients with 14 talon cusps were identified...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937870/student-led-screening-of-school-children-for-refractive-error-correction
#4
Dipesh Bhattarai, Subodh Gnyawali, Arpan Silwal, Sudan Puri, Anita Shrestha, Man Bahadur Kunwar, Madan Prasad Upadhyay
PURPOSE: Detection and correction of uncorrected refractive errors among 12 million children is an overwhelming task for the 500 currently available eye-care professionals in Nepal. A mid-term review of VISION 2020 goals in Nepal has recommended utilizing alternative human resources that could screen children for visual impairment. This study was conducted to assess the validity of vision screening of school children by trained high school students when compared to optometrist testing as the gold standard...
September 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936854/-thinking-on-development-of-shanxi-astragali-radix-industry
#5
Xue-Mei Qin, Ai-Ping Li, Ke Li, An-Ping Li, Lu-Hong Ning
Shanxi, a traditional production area to produce genuine Astragali Radix of high quality, has experienced major changes in the pattern of resources. This area once accounted for half of Astragali Radix industry, but now only serves as the largest supply area of traditional wild Astragali Radix. Furthermore, the strategic position of Shanxi Astragali Radix industry will become more prominent and more important to economic and social development in face of the diversity of market demands, especially for the strong demands of high-end Astragali Radix...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936827/-core-elements-of-safety-monitoring-report-of-medicines-chinese-patent-medicines
#6
Gui-Qian Wang, Xing Liao, Yan-Ming Xie
Studies on post-marketing drug surveillance have become increasingly important in recent years. In particular, many researchers for traditional Chinese medicine have paid more attention to the safety of post-marketing Chinese patent medicines. Observational studies, like cohort study, registry study, and intensive hospital monitoring, were conducted to collect data on safety information. How to accurately report and assess these studies and let readers to completely understand relevant published reports and obtain transparent information about its methodology and findings remain unsolved...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936543/us-li-rads-ultrasound-liver-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-for-screening-and-surveillance-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Tara A Morgan, Katherine E Maturen, Nirvikar Dahiya, Maryellen R M Sun, Aya Kamaya
Ultrasound is the most widely used imaging tool for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) screening and surveillance. Until now, this method has lacked standardized guidelines for interpretation, reporting, and management recommendations [1-5]. To address this need, the American College of Radiology (ACR) has developed the Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (US LI-RADS) algorithm. The proposed algorithm has two components: detection scores and visualization scores. The detection score guides management and has three categories: US-1 Negative, US-2 Subthreshold, and US-3 Positive...
September 21, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936035/a-cephalometric-analysis-of-class-ii-dentate-subjects-to-establish-a-formula-to-determine-the-occlusal-plane-in-class-ii-edentate-subjects-a-neo-adjunct
#8
Nikita Sinha, K Mahendranadh Reddy, Nidhi Gupta, Y M Shastry
PURPOSE: Occlusal plane (OP) differs considerably in participants with skeletal Class I and Class II participants. In this study, cephalometrics has been used to help in the determination of orientation of the OP utilizing the nonresorbable bony anatomic landmarks in skeletal Class II participants and an attempt has been made to predict and examine the OP in individuals with skeletal class II jaw relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred dentulous participants with skeletal Class II malocclusion who came to the hospital for correcting their jaw relationship participated in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935165/validation-of-global-lung-function-initiative-and-all-ages-reference-equations-for-forced-spirometry-in-healthy-spanish-preschoolers
#9
Carlos Martín de Vicente, Inés de Mir Messa, Sandra Rovira Amigo, Alba Torrent Vernetta, Silvia Gartner, Ignacio Iglesias Serrano, Antonio Carrascosa Lezcano, Antonio Moreno Galdó
INTRODUCTION: Recent publication of multi-ethnic spirometry reference equations for subjects aged from 3-95 years aim to avoid age-related discontinuities and provide a worldwide standard for interpreting spirometric test results. OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement of the Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI-2012) and All ages (FEV0.5) reference equations with the Spanish preschool lung function data. To verify the appropriateness of these reference values for clinical use in Spanish preschool children...
September 18, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935163/optimising-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-in-the-era-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-based-on-the-prostate-mr-imaging-study-promis
#10
Rita Faria, Marta O Soares, Eldon Spackman, Hashim U Ahmed, Louise C Brown, Richard Kaplan, Mark Emberton, Mark J Sculpher
BACKGROUND: The current recommendation of using transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUSB) to diagnose prostate cancer misses clinically significant (CS) cancers. More sensitive biopsies (eg, template prostate mapping biopsy [TPMB]) are too resource intensive for routine use, and there is little evidence on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MPMRI). OBJECTIVE: To identify the most effective and cost-effective way of using these tests to detect CS prostate cancer...
September 18, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935162/standard-interval-size-affects-interval-discrimination-thresholds-for-pure-tone-melodic-pitch-intervals
#11
Carolyn M McClaskey
Our ability to discriminate between pitch intervals of different sizes is not only an important aspect of speech and music perception, but also a useful means of evaluating higher-level pitch perception. The current study examined how pitch-interval discrimination was affected by the size of the intervals being compared, and by musical training. Using an adaptive procedure, pitch-interval discrimination thresholds were measured for sequentially presented pure-tone intervals with standard intervals of 1 semitone (minor second), 6 semitones (the tri-tone), and 7 semitones (perfect fifth)...
September 18, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935010/choline-chloride-oxalic-acid-as-a-deep-eutectic-solvent-based-innovative-digestion-method-for-the-determination-of-selenium-and-arsenic-in-fish-samples
#12
Abdul Haleem Panhwar, Mustafa Tuzen, Tasneem Gul Kazi
An innovative and effective digestion method based on choline chloride (ChCl)–oxalic acid (Ox) deepeutectic solvent (DES) was proposed for the determination of Se and As in fish samples via electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). The impacts of different variables, including the composition and volume of ChCl–Ox, temperature, and acid addition, on analyte recovery were studied for optimization. In this procedure, an 80 mg sample was dissolved in a 1:2 molar ratio of ChCl–Ox at 105°C for 40 min, with the subsequent addition of 4...
September 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934929/single-molecule-counting-and-assessment-of-random-molecular-tagging-errors-with-transposable-giga-scale-error-correcting-barcodes
#13
Billy T Lau, Hanlee P Ji
BACKGROUND: RNA-Seq measures gene expression by counting sequence reads belonging to unique cDNA fragments. Molecular barcodes commonly in the form of random nucleotides were recently introduced to improve gene expression measures by detecting amplification duplicates, but are susceptible to errors generated during PCR and sequencing. This results in false positive counts, leading to inaccurate transcriptome quantification especially at low input and single-cell RNA amounts where the total number of molecules present is minuscule...
September 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934768/cutaneous-melanoma-an-audit-of-management-timeliness-against-new-zealand-guidelines
#14
Tess Brian, Brandon Adams, Michael Jameson
AIM: The New Zealand Ministry of Health's "Faster Cancer Treatment" programme aims for timely care for patients with cancer, including melanoma. Melanoma care guidelines detail investigation and treatment timeliness standards. This audit assesses compliance with these. METHOD: Patients admitted to Waikato Hospital for melanoma surgery during the year ending February 2016 were retrospectively identified. Time intervals between care events were calculated. Demographic, lesion, surgical and histopathological characteristics were analysed...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934538/predictability-of-early-postoperative-ultrasonography-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#15
Joo Han Oh, Joon Yub Kim, Sae Hoon Kim, Nam Yun Chung
The predictability of early postoperative ultrasonography (USG) for evaluating the structural integrity of repaired rotator cuffs is still unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the predictability of early USG performed 3 and 6 months postoperatively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 1 year after arthroscopic cuff repair for structural failure. Among 213 patients who had arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery in 2013, one hundred thirty-eight patients who underwent USG between 3 and 6 months postoperatively and MRI at 1 year postoperatively were enrolled; the postoperative MRI findings were the reference standard used for the comparison...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934535/quantification-of-imaging-error-in-the-measurement-of-cup-position-a-cadaveric-comparison-of-radiographic-and-computed-tomography-imaging
#16
Ran Schwarzkopf, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Theodore T Miller, Eric A Bogner, Jeffrey M Muir, Michael B Cross
Postoperative radiographs remain the standard for assessment of component placement following total hip arthroplasty (THA), despite the known limitations of radiographs. Computed tomography (CT) scanning offers improved accuracy, but its costs and radiation exposure are prohibitive. The authors performed a cadaver study to compare the error associated with radiographs with that of CT scans following THA. The authors also compared imaging with a novel mini-navigation system. Three board-certified orthopedic surgeons each performed 4 THA procedures (6 cadavers, 12 hips) via the posterior approach using a mini-navigation tool to assist with component placement...
September 21, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933699/pyoderma-gangrenosum-an-uncommon-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
António Carlos Lemos, Debora Aveiro, Natália Santos, Vítor Marques, Luís Filipe Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare ulcerative condition that is diagnostically and therapeutically challenging, as debridement leads to ulcer deterioration (pathergy phenomenon); immunosuppression is considered the gold standard therapy. CASE REPORT: The authors present the case of a 42-year-old woman with PG and uncontrolled iatrogenic diabetes, secondary to a total pancreatectomy performed in another hospital in 1998 due to nesidioblastosis. In 2008, she was referred to the diabetic foot consultation at Centro Hospitalar Tondela-Viseu (Viseu, Portugal) due to an infected wound on the left leg thought to be related to a trauma from footwear, but the injury worsened despite treatment...
September 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933653/patient-navigation-improves-subsequent-breast-cancer-screening-after-a-noncancerous-result-evidence-from-the-patient-navigation-in-medically-underserved-areas-study
#18
Yamile Molina, Sage J Kim, Nerida Berrios, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Yazmin San Miguel, Julie S Darnell, Heather Pauls, Ganga Vijayasiri, Richard B Warnecke, Elizabeth A Calhoun
BACKGROUND: Past efforts to assess patient navigation on cancer screening utilization have focused on one-time uptake, which may not be sufficient in the long term. This is partially due to limited resources for in-person, longitudinal patient navigation. We examine the effectiveness of a low-intensity phone- and mail-based navigation on multiple screening episodes with a focus on screening uptake after receiving noncancerous results during a previous screening episode. METHODS: The is a secondary analysis of patients who participated in a randomized controlled patient navigation trial in Chicago...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933608/the-psychological-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-caregivers-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#19
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, E Diane Playford, Sophie Duport, Afsane Riazi
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the nature, frequency and severity of psychological experiences of people who have a close relationship with a person with a prolonged disorder of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase(®), MEDLINE(®), Allied and Complementary Medicine™, were searched from inceptions until December 2016 with additional hand searching of reference lists of included articles. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that used quantitative methodologies and psychological measures to investigate experiences...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#20
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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