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Hepatic Hydrothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426468/indwelling-tunneled-pleural-catheters-for-the-management-of-hepatic-hydrothorax
#1
Kevin P Haas, Alexander C Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatic hydrothorax is a complication of end-stage liver disease that may have significant associated morbidity. Sodium restriction and diuretic therapy are the mainstays of treatment, though up to a quarter of patients will become refractory to this and will require a pleural drainage procedure. Thoracentesis, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and chemical pleurodesis all have variable success rates and associated complications in the management of hepatic hydrothorax...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392947/nuclear-imaging-to-detect-diaphragmatic-perforation-as-a-rare-complication-of-microwave-ablation
#2
Stephanie Cull, Gebran Khneizer, Abhishek Krishna, Razi Muzaffar, Sameer Gadani, Zafar Jamkhana
Acquired diaphragmatic perforation leading to massive hepatic hydrothorax and respiratory failure is a rare complication of microwave ablation (MWA) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Imaging modalities to detect pleuroperitoneal communication remain poorly described. We report a nuclear imaging technique used to efficiently diagnose and locate diaphragmatic defects. A 57-year-old male with cirrhosis and HCC presented with respiratory distress after undergoing MWA of a HCC lesion. He was admitted to the intensive care unit for noninvasive positive pressure ventilator support...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374327/scintigraphic-findings-in-end-stage-liver-disease-on-tc-99m-sestamibi-spect-ct-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#3
Tarun Jain, N T K Thanseer, Ashwani Sood, Madan Parmar, Anish Bhattacharya, Bhagwant Mittal
Technetium-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging is commonly employed non-invasive study for evaluation of coronary artery disease; however, incidental extracardiac scintigraphic findings observed may provide additional diagnostic information. The authors present the unusual scintigraphic findings in a case of decompensated liver disease with right hepatic hydrothorax, being planned for orthotopic liver transplant.
April 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226199/mortality-risk-factors-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-a-low-%C3%A2-15-meld-sodium-score-an-analysis-of-liver-transplant-allocation-policy-using-aggregated-electronic-health-record-data
#4
K Atiemo, A Skaro, H Maddur, L Zhao, S Montag, L VanWagner, S Goel, A Kho, B Ho, R Kang, J L Holl, M M Abecassis, J Levitsy, D P Ladner
Although the MELDNa score is now used for liver transplant allocation in the United States, mortality prediction may be underestimated by the score. Using aggregated electronic health record data from 7,834 adult patients with cirrhosis, we determined whether the cause of cirrhosis/cirrhosis complications is associated with an increased risk of death among patients with a MELDNa ≤15 and whether patients with the greatest risk of death could benefit from liver transplantation (LT). Over a median follow-up of 2...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069787/bilateral-indwelling-pleural-catheter-for-hepatic-hydrothorax
#5
Rossella D'Amato, Luisa E Eiroa González, Ana Isabel Hernández Méndez
A 68-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension was admitted due to ascites. Bilateral severe hepatic hydrothorax did not resolve despite sodium restriction, and diuretic treatment, requiring repeated thoracentesis for relief of dyspnoea. Curative options, as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and liver transplantation were both contraindicated. An attempt of pleurodesis was ineffective. Bilateral insertion of tunnelled pleural catheter allowed symptom control and home discharge...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058594/an-algorithm-for-management-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-placement-according-to-clinical-manifestations
#6
REVIEW
Seung Kwon Kim, Bryan G Belikoff, Carlos J Guevara, Seong Jin Park
We propose an algorithm for management after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement according to clinical manifestations. For patients with an initial good clinical response, surveillance Doppler ultrasound is recommended to detect stenosis or occlusion. A TIPS revision can be performed using basic or advanced techniques to treat stenosis or occlusion. In patients with an initial poor clinical response, a TIPS venogram with pressure measurements should be performed to assess shunt patency...
February 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051271/study-on-correlation-between-liver-ultrasonic-appearance-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-cirrhosis-and-hydrothorax
#7
L-L Sun, Y-H Li, F Chen, S Wang, H Shi
The article "Study on correlation between liver ultrasonic appearance of patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis and hydrothorax" by L.-L. Sun, Y.-H. Li, F. Chen, S. Wang, H. Shi, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2015; 20 (17): 3412-3605-3608 has been withdrawn.
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043485/indocyanine-green-fluorescence-intraoperative-imaging-for-hepatic-hydrothorax-with-a-small-diaphragmatic-defect
#8
Naoya Kawakita, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Koichiro Kajiura, Akira Tangoku
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002530/visceral-and-tissular-reactivity-in-acute-heart-failure-due-to-supraventricular-tachyarrhythmia-in-a-young-patient
#9
Maria Cristina Beznă, Doina Cârstea, Marinela Beznă, Octavian Istrătoaie, Ionela Cristina Deliu, Petru Răzvan Melinte
Observation of major pathological alterations in a young person involves etiological and clinical justifications, in order to properly assess, treat and control these conditions. The aim of this paper is to present severe, acute pathological lesions, installed in a young person, secondary to hypodiastolic heart failure, due to persistent supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, triggered by a post-traumatic external stimulus, with complete remission post-electrical conversion. Pathological and clinical modification are revealed, in a young person, shortly after a minor thoracic trauma, in the absence of traumatic injury but with high-frequency palpitations onset and progressive installation of vascular, visceral and interstitial stasis modifications, as well as of vascular and tissular hypoperfusion with reactive vasoconstriction...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784438/-research-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-post-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-hepatic-encephalopathy
#10
REVIEW
J F Yang, B Q Zhang
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has become an important minimally invasive interventional technique for the treatment of complications of cirrhotic portal hypertension, and currently, it is often used in cirrhotic patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB), intractable ascites, hepatic hydrothorax, and Budd-Chiari syndrome. On one hand, TIPS can effectively reduce portal vein pressure and the risk of EVB and intractable ascites; on the other hand, it may reduce the blood flow in liver perfusion, aggravate liver impairment, and cause porto-systemic encephalopathy...
July 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764014/spontaneous-pneumothorax-complicating-chronic-hepatic-hydrothorax-successful-treatment-by-small-bore-chest-tube
#11
Mark Hepokoski, Samir S Makani, Andrew D Lerner, Laura E Crotty Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649661/study-on-correlation-between-liver-ultrasonic-appearance-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-cirrhosis-and-hydrothorax
#12
L-L Sun, Y-H Li, F Chen, S Wang, H Shi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the correlation between liver ultrasonic quantitative detection indexes of patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis and hepatic hydrothorax. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We selected 56 cases of patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis combined with hepatic hydrothorax in our hospital from March 2013 to March 2015. Also, we selected 63 cases of patients with cirrhosis without hepatic hydrothorax at the same time...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580053/hepatic-hydrothorax-clinical-review-and-update-on-consensus-guidelines
#13
Rana Khazar Al-Zoubi, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Ashraf Gohar, Gary A Salzman, Osama Yousef
Hepatic Hydrothorax (HH) is defined as a pleural effusion greater than 500 ml in association with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. It is an uncommon complication of cirrhosis, most frequently seen in association with decompensated liver disease. The development of HH remains incompletely understood and involves a complex pathophysiological process with the most acceptable explanation being the passage of the ascetic fluid through small diaphragmatic defects. Given the limited capacity of the pleural space, even the modest pleural effusion can result in significant respiratory symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509162/indwelling-tunneled-pleural-catheters-for-the-management-of-hepatic-hydrothorax-a-word-of-caution
#14
Aibek E Mirrakhimov, Taha Ayach, Adam Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509161/reply-indwelling-tunneled-pleural-catheters-for-the-management-of-hepatic-hydrothorax-a-word-of-caution
#15
Alexander C Chen, Jeffrey S Crippin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504545/frequency-of-hepatic-hydrothorax-and-its-association-with-child-pugh-class-in-liver-cirrhosis-patients
#16
Amanullah Abbasi, Abdul Rabb Bhutto, Mohammad Tanveer Alam, Muhammad Aurangzaib, Mohammad Masroor
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hepatic hydrothorax and its association with Child Pugh Class in patients with liver cirrhosis. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive, analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Medical Unit-III, (Ward- 7), from June 2012 to May 2013. METHODOLOGY: All patients with established diagnosis of decompensated chronic liver disease were included. Detailed history, thorough physical examination, routine laboratory investigations, chest X-ray and abdominal ultrasound were carried out in all patients to find out the presence of pleural effusion and ascites, respectively...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488430/pitfalls-in-the-performance-and-interpretation-of-scintigraphic-imaging-for-pleuroperitoneal-shunt
#17
Matthew F Covington, Gagandeep Choudhary, Ryan J Avery, Phillip H Kuo
Ascites can cause pleural effusions when the peritoneal fluid crosses the diaphragm through a pleuroperitoneal shunt in the setting of hepatic cirrhosis (hepatic hydrothorax) or malignant ascites. Scintigraphic imaging for pleuroperitoneal shunt requires intraperitoneal injection of Tc-SC or Tc-macroaggregated albumin followed by planar imaging of the chest and abdomen. Pleuroperitoneal shunt is confirmed by identifying radiotracer crossing the diaphragm from the peritoneal to pleural space. An atlas of pleuroperitoneal shunt imaging pitfalls is presented to facilitate optimal performance and interpretation of nuclear pleuroperitoneal shunt examinations...
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468192/pulmonary-complications-of-hepatic-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Salim R Surani, Yamely Mendez, Humayun Anjum, Joseph Varon
Severe chronic liver disease (CLD) may result from portal hypertension, hepatocellular failure or the combination of both. Some of these patients may develop pulmonary complications independent from any pulmonary pathology that they may have. Among them the hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS), portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) and hepatic hydrothorax (HH) are described in detail in this literature review. HPS is encountered in approximately 15% to 30% of the patients and its presence is associated with increase in mortality and also requires liver transplantation in many cases...
July 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456504/effectiveness-and-safety-of-pleurodesis-for-hepatic-hydrothorax-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Feifei Hou, Xingshun Qi, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a serious complication of end-stage liver diseases, which is associated with poor survival. There is no consensus regarding the treatment of HH. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pleurodesis for HH in a systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: All relevant papers were searched on the EMBASE and PubMed databases. As for the data from the eligible case reports, the continuous data were expressed as the median (range) and the categorical data were expressed as the frequency (percentage)...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340399/pigtail-catheter-a-less-invasive-option-for-pleural-drainage-in-egyptian-patients-with-recurrent-hepatic-hydrothorax
#20
Mohamed Sharaf-Eldin, Adel Salah Bediwy, Abdelrahman Kobtan, Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ferial El-Kalla, Loai Mansour, Walaa Elkhalawany, Mohamed Elhendawy, Samah Soliman
Background and Aims. Treatment of hepatic hydrothorax is a clinical challenge. Chest tube insertion for hepatic hydrothorax is associated with high complication rates. We assessed the use of pigtail catheter as a safe and practical method for treatment of recurrent hepatic hydrothorax as it had not been assessed before in a large series of patients. Methods. This study was conducted on 60 patients admitted to Tanta University Hospital, Egypt, suffering from recurrent hepatic hydrothorax. The site of pigtail catheter insertion was determined by ultrasound guidance under complete aseptic measures and proper local anesthesia...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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