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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787036/reflections-of-a-black-african-insider-researcher
#1
Isaac Tuffour
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of literature providing reflective accounts and critical examination of the challenges faced by insider researchers. However, there is little research about the specific challenges that black African insider nurse researchers face. AIM: To reflect on the complexities black African insider nurse researchers face in the context of research sites, participants and the interpretation of data. DISCUSSION: Insider researchers are susceptible to various entanglements and dilemmas...
May 22, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786891/supporting-asylum-seekers-clinician-experiences-of-documenting-human-rights-violations-through-forensic-psychological-evaluation
#2
Kim A Baranowski, Melissa H Moses, Jasmine Sundri
The United States permits foreign nationals to apply for asylum if they have experienced persecution or have a fear of future persecution. In order to meet the criteria for persecution, the harm inflicted upon the asylum seeker does not need to be or have been physical and can include psychological sequelae. In an effort to document persecution, lawyers seek the assistance of health professionals when preparing their clients' asylum applications. Mental health professionals work to corroborate psychological evidence of the asylum seeker's report of ill treatment through evaluation and presentation of their findings in the form of legal affidavits...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786776/a-framework-for-image-based-modeling-of-acute-myocardial-ischemia-using-intramurally-recorded-extracellular-potentials
#3
Brett M Burton, Kedar K Aras, Wilson W Good, Jess D Tate, Brian Zenger, Rob S MacLeod
The biophysical basis for electrocardiographic evaluation of myocardial ischemia stems from the notion that ischemic tissues develop, with relative uniformity, along the endocardial aspects of the heart. These injured regions of subendocardial tissue give rise to intramural currents that lead to ST segment deflections within electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings. The concept of subendocardial ischemic regions is often used in clinical practice, providing a simple and intuitive description of ischemic injury; however, such a model grossly oversimplifies the presentation of ischemic disease-inadvertently leading to errors in ECG-based diagnoses...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786774/computational-fluid-dynamics-modeling-of-the-human-pulmonary-arteries-with-experimental-validation
#4
Alifer D Bordones, Matthew Leroux, Vitaly O Kheyfets, Yu-An Wu, Chia-Yuan Chen, Ender A Finol
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a chronic progressive disease characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure, caused by an increase in pulmonary arterial impedance. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be used to identify metrics representative of the stage of PH disease. However, experimental validation of CFD models is often not pursued due to the geometric complexity of the model or uncertainties in the reproduction of the required flow conditions. The goal of this work is to validate experimentally a CFD model of a pulmonary artery phantom using a particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#5
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786502/best-practices-for-financial-sustainability-of-healthy-food-service-guidelines-in-hospital-cafeterias
#6
Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Brittany Schwartz, John Graham, Amy Lowry Warnock, Angelo Mojica, Erin Marziale, Diane Harris
In February and March 2017 we examined barriers and facilitators to financial sustainability of healthy food service guidelines and synthesized best practices for financial sustainability in retail operations. We conducted qualitative, in-depth interviews with 8 hospital food service directors to learn more about barriers and facilitators to financial sustainability of healthy food service guidelines in retail food service operations. Analysts organized themes around headers in the interview guide and also made note of emerging themes not in the original guide...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786474/a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-clicker-implementation-styles-in-stem
#7
Erin D Solomon, Michelle D Repice, Jacinta M Mutambuki, Denise A Leonard, Cheryl A Cohen, Jia Luo, Regina F Frey
Active learning with clickers is a common approach in high-enrollment, lecture-based courses in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In this study, we describe the procedures that faculty at one institution used when implementing clicker-based active learning, and how they situated these activities in their class sessions. Using a mixed-methods approach, we categorized faculty into four implementation styles based on quantitative observation data and conducted qualitative interviews to further understand why faculty used these styles...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786023/near-peer-assisted-learning-to-improve-confidence-for-medical-students-situational-judgment-tests
#8
Naomi Gostelow, Germander Soothill, Seema Vawda, David Annan
Background: The situational judgment test (SJT) was introduced for all graduating United Kingdom medical students in 2013. Students have anxiety over time pressures and heavy weighting of a single examination. Aims: This study aimed to examine formal SJT preparation available, perceptions of a near peer-delivered course, and to measure improvement in students' confidence. Innovation: Foundation doctors ( first 2 years of postgraduate training) produced a "Situational Judgment Test Preparation Course" in November 2015...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786019/measuring-situation-awareness-in-medical-education-objective-structured-clinical-examination-guides
#9
Margaret Frere, John Tepper, Markus Fischer, Kieran Kennedy, Thomas Kropmans
Background: Medical errors are among the most prevalent and serious adverse events in health care. Lack of situation awareness (SA) is an important factor leading to such errors. SA can be understood using Endsley's three-tier model: level 1 is perception, level 2 is comprehension, and level 3 is projection. While there is extensive literature on the theory of SA, it is difficult to measure and quantify. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure, identify, and characterize SA in some medical objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) guides, including a 1st year National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) OSCE...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#10
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785800/organizational-models-for-health-actions-in-the-field-of-blood-and-blood-products-in-brazilian-and-spanish-regional-contexts
#11
M K Bomfim de Souza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This article aims to characterize some elements that define the organizational models of healthcare actions in the field of blood and blood products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory and qualitative study was carried out based on a documentary survey complemented by interviews with key informants of hemotherapy services from three regional territories in Spain and Brazil. RESULTS: It was evidenced demographic, territorial and organizational characteristics, as well as on instruments, resources and individuals involved in the planning, organization and implementation of services and actions in the area...
May 21, 2018: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785719/children-s-experiences-and-expectations-of-kidney-transplantation-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Rachael C Walker, Derisha Naicker, Tonya Kara, Suetonia C Palmer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Kidney transplantation offers improved quality of life and life expectancy compared with dialysis for children. This study aims to understand the experiences and expectations of children during the kidney transplantation process to inform clinical care. STUDY DESIGN: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 13 children and adolescents aged between 7 and 17 years old in New Zealand who had received a kidney transplantation...
May 21, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785283/reporting-and-appraising-the-context-process-and-impact-of-ppi-on-contributors-researchers-and-the-trial-during-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-3d-study
#13
Cindy Mann, Simon Chilcott, Katrina Plumb, Edmund Brooks, Mei-See Man
Plain English summary: Including patient and public involvement (PPI) in health research is thought to improve research but it is hard to be clear exactly how it helps. This is because PPI takes many forms, is sometimes only token and is not always reported clearly. This makes it difficult to combine the evidence so that clear conclusions can be reached about the ingredients of successful PPI and what PPI achieves. Previous research that has tried to combine the evidence has led to several guidelines for researchers to use in setting up and reporting PPI...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785281/impact-of-the-applied-simulated-and-integrated-learning-approach-on-nursing-assistants-knowledge-and-confidence-caring-for-frail-seniors-in-nursing-homes
#14
Veronique M Boscart, George Heckman, Meaghan Davey, Michelle Heyer, John P Hirdes
Background: Increasing importance is being placed on optimizing the role of Nursing Aides (NAs) in improving quality of care for nursing home (NH) residents. One approach to do so is to have NAs participate in assessments embedded within the Minimum Data Set (MDS). This pilot study aimed to design and evaluate the Applied Simulated and Integrated Learning Approach (ASILA) program, a novel innovative training program for NAs employed in NHs to enhance their ability to assess residents within an inter-professional framework...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785174/communication-in-mental-health-nursing-bachelor-students-appraisal-of-a-blended-learning-training-programme-an-exploratory-study
#15
Merete Furnes, Kari Sofie Kvaal, Sevald Høye
Background: It is important that mental health nursing students at Bachelor level obtain effective communication skills. Many students dread the fact that in the mental health field they will encounter patients and relatives with various backgrounds and personalities. Large classes and limited teaching resources in nursing education are challenging. To prepare students for mental health nursing practice, a communication skills course based on the blended learning method was developed and carried out at two different campuses...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785142/misoprostol-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-during-home-births-in-rural-lao-pdr-establishing-a-pilot-program-for-community-distribution
#16
Jo Durham, Alongkone Phengsavanh, Vanphanom Sychareun, Isaac Hose, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Douangphachanh Xaysomphou, Keith Rickart
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gather the necessary data to support the design and implementation of a pilot program for women who are unable to deliver in a healthcare facility in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), by using community distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). The study builds on an earlier research that demonstrated both support and need for community-based distribution of misoprostol in Lao PDR. Methods: This qualitative study identified acceptability of misoprostol and healthcare system needs at varying levels to effectively distribute misoprostol to women with limited access to facility-based birthing...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785096/smartphone-apps-for-improving-medication-adherence-in-hypertension-patients-perspectives
#17
Eimear C Morrissey, Monica Casey, Liam G Glynn, Jane C Walsh, Gerard J Molloy
Purpose: Digital interventions, such as smartphone applications (apps), are becoming an increasingly common way to support medication adherence and self-management in chronic conditions. It is important to investigate how patients feel about and engage with these technologies. The aim of this study was to explore patients' perspectives on smartphone apps to improve medication adherence in hypertension. Methods: This was a qualitative study based in the West of Ireland...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#18
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784868/delivering-a-primary-care-based-social-prescribing-initiative-a-qualitative-study-of-the-benefits-and-challenges
#19
Kathryn Skivington, Mathew Smith, Nai Rui Chng, Mhairi Mackenzie, Sally Wyke, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Social prescribing is a collaborative approach to improve inter-sectoral working between primary health care and community organisations. The Links Worker Programme (LWP) is a social prescribing initiative in areas of high deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland, that is designed to mitigate the negative impacts of the social determinants of health. AIM: To investigate issues relevant to implementing a social prescribing programme to improve inter-sectoral working to achieve public health goals...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784867/patient-beliefs-and-attitudes-to-taking-statins-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#20
Angela Ju, Camilla S Hanson, Emily Banks, Rosemary Korda, Jonathan C Craig, Tim Usherwood, Peter MacDonald, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and are recommended for at-risk individuals but estimated adherence rates are low. AIM: To describe patients' perspectives, experiences, and attitudes towards taking statins. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of qualitative studies reporting perspectives of patients on statins. METHOD: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PhD dissertations from inception to 6 October 2016 were searched for qualitative studies on adult patients' perspectives on statins...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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