keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Qualitative study

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340461/tracing-biomarker-of-pah-exposure-and-susceptibility-factor-gstm-polymorphism-among-cancer-patients-in-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Yasir Abdur Rehman, Atif Kamal, Malik Mumtaz Taqi, Riffat Naseem Malik
We studied cancer patients for possible PAH exposure, using urinary concentration of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) as a biomarker of internal dose of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The subjects included in this study belonged to various socio-demographic backgrounds, and were diagnosed with cancer (i.e. lung, head and neck or digestive tract cancer). In general, we observed high concentration of urinary 1-OHP among digestive tract cancer patients, compared with the controls (CN) (mean 1.06, median 1.03 and mean 0...
March 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340250/improving-safety-culture-in-hospitals-facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementation-of-systemic-falls-investigative-method-sfim
#2
Aleksandra A Zecevic, Alvin Ho-Ting Li, Charity Ngo, Michelle Halligan, Anita Kothari
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the facilitators and barriers to implementation of the Systemic Falls Investigative Method (SFIM) on selected hospital units. Design: A cross-sectional explanatory mixed methods design was used to converge results from a standardized safety culture survey with themes that emerged from interviews and focus groups. Findings were organized by six elements of the Ottawa Model of Research Use framework. Setting: A geriatric rehabilitation unit of an acute care hospital and a neurological unit of a rehabilitation hospital were selected purposefully due to the high frequency of falls...
March 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340247/usability-testing-of-the-iphone-app-to-improve-pain-assessment-for-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-prehospital-setting-a-qualitative-study
#3
Rachael E Docking, Matthew Lane, Pat A Schofield
Objectives. : Pain assessment in older adults with cognitive impairment is often challenging, and paramedics are not given sufficient tools/training to assess pain. The development of a mobile app may improve pain assessment and management in this vulnerable population. We conducted usability testing of a newly developed iPhone pain assessment application with potential users, in this case as a tool for clinical paramedic practice to improve pain assessment of older adults with cognitive impairment...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340203/been-there-done-that-the-experience-of-acting-as-a-young-adult-mentor-to-adolescents-living-with-chronic-illness
#4
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris
To explore the perceived benefits and challenges of acting as a young adult peer mentor to adolescents with chronic illness.   A qualitative descriptive study, using interviews and a focus group, explored the perceptions of young adult peer mentors following participation in the iPeer2Peer program, a Skype-based peer-mentorship program for adolescents with chronic illness. Interviews and focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using inductive content analysis.   Ten peer mentors (20.00 ± 1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340130/falling-down-on-the-job-evaluation-and-treatment-of-fall-risk-among-older-adults-with-upper-extremity-fragility-fractures
#5
Christine M McDonough, Carrie H Colla, Donald Carmichael, Anna N A Tosteson, Tor D Tosteson, John-Erik Bell, Robert V Cantu, Jonathan D Lurie, Julie P W Bynum
Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend fall risk assessment and intervention for older adults who sustain a fall-related injury to prevent future injury and mobility decline. Objective: To describe how often Medicare beneficiaries with upper extremity fracture receive evaluation and treatment for fall risk. Design: Observational cohort. Methods Subjects: Fee-for-service beneficiaries age 66 to 99 treated as outpatients for proximal humerus or distal radius/ulna ("wrist") fragility fractures were studied using Carrier and Outpatient Hospital files...
March 2, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339923/measuring-patient-experience-a-systematic-review-to-evaluate-psychometric-properties-of-patient-reported-experience-measures-prems-for-emergency-care-service-provision
#6
Leanne Male, Adam Noble, Jessica Atkinson, Tony Marson
Purpose: Knowledge about patient experience within emergency departments (EDs) allows services to develop and improve in line with patient needs. There is no standardized instrument to measure patient experience. The aim of this study is to identify patient reported experience measures (PREMs) for EDs, examine the rigour by which they were developed and their psychometric properties when judged against standard criteria. Data sources: Medline, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science were searched from inception to May 2015...
March 2, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339799/no-longer-invisible-understanding-the-psychosocial-impact-of-skin-color-stratification-in-the-lives-of-african-american-women
#8
J Camille Hall
This article examines how skin color stratification, termed "colorism," affects the psychological well-being of African American women. Previous research has shown that the experience of colorism is pervasive within the black community and that black women have been culturally or personally affected by intraracial discrimination. This article describes a qualitative study that used focus groups to investigate the experiences of black women that were categorized according to their self-ascribed skin tone group...
February 27, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339697/are-informed-policies-in-place-to-promote-safe-and-usable-ehrs-a-cross-industry-comparison
#9
Erica L Savage, Rollin J Fairbanks, Raj M Ratwani
Objective: Despite federal policies put in place by the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) to promote safe and usable electronic health record (EHR) products, the usability of EHRs continues to frustrate providers and have patient safety implications. This study sought to compare government policies on usability and safety, and methods of examining compliance to those policies, across 3 federal agencies: the ONC and EHRs, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and avionics, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and medical devices...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339669/in-their-own-words-young-adults-menthol-cigarette-initiation-perceptions-experiences-and-regulation-perspectives
#10
Olivia A Wackowski, Kiameesha R Evans, Melissa B Harrell, Alexandra Loukas, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo, Cheryl L Perry
Background: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately used by young people and have been called smoking starter products. However, limited qualitative research exists on young adults' perceptions of and experiences with these products, with much of it based on document reviews of the tobacco industry's research. Methods: We conducted six focus groups with young adult (ages 18-24) menthol smokers in New Jersey (half with black smokers) between December 2014 and March 2015...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339637/provider-perspectives-on-the-implementation-of-psychosocial-risk-screening-in-pediatric-cancer
#11
Anne E Kazak, Lamia P Barakat, Martha A Askins, Maureen McCafferty, Alyssa Lattomus, Nicole Ruppe, Janet Deatrick
Objective:  Psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. This qualitative descriptive study identified how multidisciplinary pediatric oncology health-care providers perceive psychosocial risk screening to identify factors in uptake and implementation. Methods:  A script guided digitally recorded (transcribed) interviews regarding psychosocial screening and challenges to facilitators of screening. Participants were 15 multidisciplinary staff (physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, physician assistant) at nine sites, three using the Psychosocial Assessment Tool© for research and six for clinical care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339561/computational-models-used-to-assess-us-tobacco-control-policies
#12
Shari P Feirman, Allison M Glasser, Shyanika Rose, Ray Niaura, David B Abrams, Lyubov Teplitskaya, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Simulation models can be used to evaluate existing and potential tobacco control interventions, including policies. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence from computational models used to project population-level effects of tobacco control interventions. We provide recommendations to strengthen simulation models that evaluate tobacco control interventions. Methods: Studies were eligible for review if they employed a computational model to predict the expected effects of a non-clinical US-based tobacco control intervention...
January 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339486/a-top-down-manner-based-dcnn-architecture-for-semantic-image-segmentation
#13
Kai Qiao, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Lei Zeng, Bin Yan
Given their powerful feature representation for recognition, deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) have been driving rapid advances in high-level computer vision tasks. However, their performance in semantic image segmentation is still not satisfactory. Based on the analysis of visual mechanism, we conclude that DCNNs in a bottom-up manner are not enough, because semantic image segmentation task requires not only recognition but also visual attention capability. In the study, superpixels containing visual attention information are introduced in a top-down manner, and an extensible architecture is proposed to improve the segmentation results of current DCNN-based methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339460/evaluating-implementation-of-a-fire-prevention-injury-prevention-briefing-in-children-s-centres-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Toity Deave, Adrian Hawkins, Arun Kumar, Mike Hayes, Nicola Cooper, Michael Watson, Joanne Ablewhite, Carol Coupland, Alex Sutton, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Lisa McDaid, Trudy Goodenough, Kate Beckett, Elaine McColl, Richard Reading, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Many developed countries have high mortality rates for fire-related deaths in children aged 0-14 years with steep social gradients. Evidence-based interventions to promote fire safety practices exist, but the impact of implementing a range of these interventions in children's services has not been assessed. We developed an Injury Prevention Briefing (IPB), which brought together evidence about effective fire safety interventions and good practice in delivering interventions; plus training and facilitation to support its use and evaluated its implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339419/the-im-possibilities-of-returning-to-work-after-a-stroke
#15
Maria Norstedt
BACKGROUND: What a stroke means for working-age persons has not been sufficiently studied from a sociological perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article uses the empirical material of a larger study to describe and analyze how institutional practices and discourses influence attempts to return to work after a stroke. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten persons who have had a stroke and ten civil servants and professionals from the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Social Insurance Agency, and different health care institutions...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339337/-i-know-what-i-want-but-i-m-not-sure-how-to-get-it-expectations-of-physiotherapy-treatment-of-persons-with-persistent-pain
#16
Tommy Calner, Gunilla Isaksson, Peter Michaelson
Expectations of physiotherapy treatment of patients with persistent pain have been shown to influence treatment outcome and patient satisfaction, yet this is mostly explored and described in retrospective. The aim of the study was to explore and describe the expectations people with persistent pain have prior to physiotherapy treatment. Ten participants with persistent musculoskeletal pain from the back, neck, or shoulders were included in the study. Data were collected by interviews using a semi-structured interview guide and were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339335/description-of-movement-quality-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study-as-a-first-step-to-a-practical-definition
#17
Margriet J H van Dijk, Nienke T A Smorenburg, Bart Visser, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
PURPOSE: As a first step to formulate a practical definition for movement quality (MQ), this study aims to explore how Dutch allied health care professionals (AHCPs) describe MQ of daily life activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: In this qualitative cross-sectional digital survey study, Dutch AHCPs (n = 91) described MQ in open text (n = 91) and with three keywords (n = 90). After exploratory qualitative content analysis, the ICF linking rules (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) were applied to classify MQ descriptions and keywords...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338967/thought-disorder-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-probands-their-relatives-and-nonpsychiatric-controls
#18
Charity J Morgan, Michael J Coleman, Ayse Ulgen, Lenore Boling, Jonathan O Cole, Frederick V Johnson, Jan Lerbinger, J Alexander Bodkin, Philip S Holzman, Deborah L Levy
Thought disorder (TD) has long been associated with schizophrenia (SZ) and is now widely recognized as a symptom of mania and other psychotic disorders as well. Previous studies have suggested that the TD found in the clinically unaffected relatives of SZ, schizoaffective and bipolar probands is qualitatively similar to that found in the probands themselves. Here, we examine which quantitative measures of TD optimize the distinction between patients with diagnoses of SZ and bipolar disorder with psychotic features (BP) from nonpsychiatric controls (NC) and from each other...
March 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338940/feasibility-study-for-identification-of-static-and-dynamic-exposure-using-ccd-imaging-technique-for-caso4-dy-tl-dosemeters
#19
Kshama Srivastava, Seepika Soin, B K Sapra, P Ratna, D Datta
The occupational exposure incurred by the radiation workers due to the external radiation is estimated using personal dosemeter placed on the human body during the monitoring period. In certain situations, it is required to determine whether the dosemeter alone was exposed accidentally/intentionally in radiation field (static exposure) or was exposed while being worn by a worker moving in his workplace (dynamic exposure). The present thermoluminscent (TL) based personnel monitoring systems are not capable of distinguishing between the above stated (static and dynamic) exposure conditions...
March 2, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#20
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
keyword
keyword
96703
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"