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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#2
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107670/pharmaceutical-opioid-use-among-oral-and-intravenous-users-in-australia-a-qualitative-comparative-study
#3
George Dertadian, Jenny Iversen, Thomas C Dixon, Katrina Sotiropoulos, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Between 1992 and 2012 dispensing episodes for pharmaceutical opioids (PO) in Australia increased from 500000 to 7500000. In the US, increases in the prescription of PO have been linked to increases in opioid-related morbidity and mortality and transitions to heroin injection. However, Australian data indicate that morbidity and mortality related to PO are relatively low, particularly when compared to heroin and other drugs. This paper explores the characteristics and patterns of non-medical pharmaceutical opioid (NMPO) use among a sample of young people in Sydney, Australia...
January 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#4
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107352/coping-well-with-advanced-cancer-a-serial-qualitative-interview-study-with-patients-and-family-carers
#5
Catherine Walshe, Diane Roberts, Lynda Appleton, Lynn Calman, Paul Large, Mari Lloyd-Williams, Gunn Grande
OBJECTIVES: To understand successful strategies used by people to cope well when living with advanced cancer; to explore how professionals can support effective coping strategies; to understand how to support development of effective coping strategies for patients and family carers. DESIGN: Qualitative serial (4-12 week intervals) interview study with people with advanced cancer and their informal carers followed by focus groups. The iterative design had a novel focus on positive coping strategies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107325/quality-of-life-and-resilience-exploring-a-fly-fishing-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors%C3%A2
#6
Barbara J Henry
BACKGROUND: The Casting for Recovery® therapeutic intervention provides a positive, nontraditional weekend experience for breast cancer survivors. Participants receive fly fishing instruction and participate in structured and unstructured therapeutic activities.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breast cancer survivors had improved resilience and quality-of-life scores after program participation.
. METHODS: Participants completed the Quality of Life Breast Cancer questionnaire and Connor-
Davidson Resilience Scale two weeks before and three and six months after the retreats...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#7
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#8
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106723/inhibition-of-autophagic-degradation-process-contributes-to-claudin-2-expression-increase-and-epithelial-tight-junction-dysfunction-in-tnf-%C3%AE-treated-cell-monolayers
#9
Cong Zhang, Junkai Yan, Yongtao Xiao, Yujie Shen, Jiazheng Wang, Wensong Ge, Yingwei Chen
Tight junction dysfunction plays a vital role in some chronic inflammatory diseases. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), act as important factors in intestinal epithelial tight junction dysfunction during inflammatory conditions. Autophagy has also been shown to be crucial in tight junction function and claudin-2 expression, but whether autophagy has an effect on the change of claudin-2 expression and tight junction function induced by TNF-α is still unknown. To answer this question, we examined the expression of claudin-2 protein, transepithelial electrical resistance (TER), and permeability of cell monolayers, autophagy flux change, and lysosomal pH after TNF-α with or without PP242 treatment...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106572/training-in-positivity-for-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-of-use-of-positive-mental-training-posmt-as-a-tool-to-assist-stroke-survivors-with-post-stroke-psychological-problems-and-in-coping-with-rehabilitation
#10
Nahal Mavaddat, Sheila Ross, Alastair Dobbin, Kate Williams, Jonathan Graffy, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106330/separation-and-purification-of-two-taxanes-and-one-xylosyl-containing-taxane-from-taxus-wallichiana-zucc-a-comparison-between-high-speed-counter-current-chromatography-and-reversed-phase-flash-chromatography
#11
Junfei Tao, Rongwei Yan, Leilei Zhao, Dongmei Wang, Xinjun Xu
10-Deacetylbaccatin III, an important semi-synthetic precursor of paclitaxel and docetaxel, can be extracted from Taxus wallichiana Zucc.. A process for the isolation and purification of 10-deacetylbaccatin III (1), baccatin III (2) and 7β-xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol (3) from the leaves and branches of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. via macroporous resin column chromatography combined with high-speed counter-current chromatography or reversed-phase flash chromatography was developed in this study. After fractionation by macroporous resin column chromatography, 80% methanol fraction was selected based on high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry qualitative analysis...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105876/what-drives-continuous-improvement-project-success-in-healthcare
#12
Paul Stelson, Joshua Hille, Chinweike Eseonu, Toni Doolen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present findings from a study of factors that affect continuous improvement (CI) project success in hospitals. Design/methodology/approach Quantitative regression analysis was performed on Likert scale survey responses. Qualitative thematic analysis was performed on open-ended survey responses and written reports on CI projects. Findings The paper identifies managerial and employee factors that affect project success. These factors include managerial support, communication, and affective commitment...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105790/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-knowledge-and-views-of-about-oral-health-and-acceptability-of-related-intervention-in-an-australian-inpatient-alcohol-and-drug-treatment-facility
#13
Alison Li Sun Cheah, Ram Pandey, Mark Daglish, Pauline J Ford, Sue Patterson
Social factors, health behaviours and the direct effects of substances contribute to the poor oral health and restricted access to dental services experienced by people who are dependent on drugs and/or alcohol. Admission for inpatient withdrawal management provides an opportunity for intervention to promote oral health but to be effective it must be acceptable to patients. To support intervention design, we examined patients' views about oral health, practices and treatment access, and appropriateness of health-promoting intervention in this context...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105781/a-qualitative-study-exploring-medication-management-in-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-and-the-potential-role-of-the-community-pharmacist
#14
Ian D Maidment, Lydia Aston, Tiago Moutela, Chris G Fox, Andrea Hilton
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia is increasing rapidly. People with dementia may be prescribed complex medication regimens, which may be challenging for them and any carers involved to safely manage. OBJECTIVE: To describe and understand the key challenges, in relation to medication issues, experienced by people with dementia and their informal carers dwelling in the community and the potential role of community pharmacists. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews...
January 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105776/patient-companions-in-the-turkish-healthcare-system-the-role-expectations-and-problems
#15
Yusuf Çelik, Neşet Hikmet, Fatih Şantaş, Abide Aksungur, Gülsen Topaktaş, İlkay Sevinç Turaç
The purpose of this study was to determine the roles, expectations and problems of patient companions and to develop solutions to the difficulties encountered by the nurses, patients and their companions. A qualitative approach with semi-structured face-to-face interviews was used during May and June 2014 to collect data. A convenience sample of participants was selected from the nurses, patients and their companions. Content analysis was used for the data. The results of this study revealed that the need for companions is important to the current Turkish healthcare system, but it has many drawbacks...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#16
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105754/process-of-becoming-a-mother-for-iranian-surrogacy-commissioning-mothers-a-grounded-theory-study
#17
Mitra Zandi, Zohreh Vanaki, Marziyeh Shiva, Eesa Mohammadi
AIM: Little knowledge is available about the experiences of the commissioning mothers during the process of surrogacy; thus, the present study was conducted in order to explore and analyze this process. METHODS: This study was conducted in a referral institute in Tehran with a qualitative approach and using grounded theory methodology. The data were collected through 39 unstructured, in-depth interviews that were conducted with 15 gestational commissioning mothers, two of their husbands, four surrogates, and four of the personnel at centers for assisted reproduction (some participants were interviewed more than once)...
January 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105740/psychosocial-distress-in-haematological-cancer-survivors-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
D Raphael, R Frey, M Gott
Haematological cancers are becoming more prevalent, however, survival is also increasing. Many survivors are faced with psychosocial issues after treatment ends, and they may not receive the support they need. This review aims to examine peer reviewed literature reporting psychosocial distress faced by haematological cancer survivors in the early post-treatment period. Database and hand searches were conducted between August and September 2015, with no year restriction. Eligible studies were those reporting on psychosocial sequelae in haematological cancer survivors up to 5 years post-treatment...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105661/college-instruction-is-not-so-stress-free-after-all-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study-of-academic-entitlement-uncivil-behaviors-and-instructor-strain-and-burnout
#19
Lixin Jiang, Thomas M Tripp, Phan Y Hong
The vast majority of today's college students are millennials, who have traits of confidence, tolerance, but also of entitlement and narcissism (Twenge, 2006). Therefore, college instructors face a unique challenge: dealing with the requests from academically entitled students, who have unreasonable expectations of receiving academic success, regardless of performance (Chowning & Campbell, 2009). We conducted two studies to examine whether student academic entitlement would increase instructors' strain and burnout via uncivil behaviors...
January 19, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105584/awareness-of-paid-sick-leave-among-new-york-city-restaurant-workers
#20
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Restaurant workers are less likely to have paid sick leave (PSL) benefits than other professions, despite the fact that they handle food and interact with the public. In this study, we collected and analyzed quantitative and qualitative data on PSL awareness among New York City's restaurant workers and the factors that produced these levels of awareness. We found that 62% of surveyed workers were aware of NYC's law, and that successful outreach requires building broad awareness and ensuring trustworthy sources of information with multiple points of contact...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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