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Qualitative study

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545293/the-current-management-of-deep-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Marina de Paula Andres, Giuliano M Borrelli, Rosanne M Kho, Mauricio S Abrão
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects young women in reproductive age. It has mainly three different clinical presentations: superficial (peritoneal), ovarian (endometriomas) and deep endometriosis (DE). The last one is the most advanced form of the disease, frequently impairing fertility and harming women's quality of life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a systematic review on the surgical treatment of DE in the last ten years focusing on its benefits to improve quality of life (QoL) and for pain relief as well as related surgical complications...
May 25, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545110/differences-in-perceived-causes-of-childhood-obesity-between-migrant-and-local-communities-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#2
Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Jingyi Chen, Weijia Liu, KarKeung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Peymane Adab, Laura Jones
In developing countries, obesity traditionally affectsmore affluent children, butis spreading to a wider social group. Understanding the perceivedcontributors can provide valuable insights to plan preventive interventions. We exploreddifferences in the perceived causes of childhood obesity between local and migrant communities in a major Chinese city. We conducted 20 focus groups (137 parents, grandparents, school teachers) and 11semi-structured interviews with school Principals from migrant and local communities in Guangzhou...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544985/experiences-of-nursing-students-and-educators-during-the-co-construction-of-clinical-nursing-leadership-learning-activities-a-qualitative-research-and-development-study
#3
Laurence Ha, Jacinthe Pepin
BACKGROUND: Student voice posits that students' unique perspectives on teaching and learning can be used in conjunction with those of educators to create meaningful educational activities. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe nursing students' and educators' experiences during the co-construction of educational activities involving clinical nursing leadership. DESIGN: Qualitative research and development model. SETTING: The study was conducted at a French-Canadian nursing faculty that provides a 3-year undergraduate program...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544919/risk-factors-for-patient-reported-errors-during-cancer-follow-up-results-from-a-national-survey-in-denmark
#4
Anne Hjøllund Christiansen, Henriette Lipczak, Janne Lehmann Knudsen, Anne Mette Tranberg Kejs
Due to an increased cancer survival, more cancer patients are referred to follow-up after primary treatment. Knowledge of patient safety during follow-up is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported errors during cancer follow-up and identify factors associated with errors. DESIGN: A national survey on cancer patients' experiences of treatment and aftercare was conducted in 2012, about two years following cancer diagnosis (N=6914). Associations between patient-reported errors during follow-up and covariates were examined using multiple logistic regression...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544768/examining-practical-nursing-experiences-to-discover-ways-in-which-to-retain-and-invigorate-the-remaining-functions-of-the-elderly-with-a-demented-and-complex-disability-in-nursing-homes
#5
Min-Sun Park, Sun-Young Lim, Eun-Young Kim, Su-Jung Lee, Sung-Ok Chang
AIM: The bedridden elderly with moderate-to-severe dementia account for a large proportion of the residents in nursing homes and form a specialized group requiring customized care in order to encourage their remaining functions, which determine the quality of their residual life. The purpose of this study was to search for ways to invigorate and foster the remaining functions of this complex-disability group, based on practical nursing strategies in nursing homes. METHODS: The qualitative thematic analysis was done by conducting in-depth interviews with 29 nurses working at 11 different nursing homes in South Korea...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544588/the-in-vivo-th17-and-treg-immune-responses-to-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans
#6
Susan Mahabady, Natalia Tjokro, Shant Aharonian, Homayoun H Zadeh, Casey Chen, Hooman Allayee, Parish P Sedghizadeh
The periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is known to elicit systemic immune response in infected host, and occasionally causes non-oral infections. Detailed information on its immunopathological responses and the involvement of bacterial virulence factors remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the systemic immune response to A. actinomycetemcomitans oral infection. We used an animal model that simulates systemic dissemination of the bacteria by injecting live wild type (WT) D7S-1 and double knockout mutant of leukotoxin and cytolethal distending toxin (ΔltxΔcdt) A...
May 22, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544493/-it-s-a-fight-to-get-anything-you-need-accessing-care-in-the-community-from-the-perspectives-of-people-with-multimorbidity
#7
Julia W Ho, Kerry Kuluski, Jennifer Im
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in redesigning health-care systems to better manage the increasing numbers of people with multimorbidity. Knowing how patients experience health-care delivery and what they need from the health-care system are critical pieces of evidence that can be used to guide health system reforms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the challenges patients with multimorbidity face in accessing care in the community, and the implications for patients and their families...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544470/patients-help-seeking-experiences-and-delaying-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mariko Oshiro, Midori Kamizato
AIM: To identify the influencing factors in help-seeking behavior by comparing delayers with non-delayers in Japanese female patients with breast cancer. METHODS: This is a descriptive qualitative study. A total of 21 female patients with breast cancer (nine delayers and 12 non-delayers) who were at least 3 months to 5 years postdiagnosis were recruited from two hospitals in Okinawa, Japan. Semistructured interviews were carried out and the results were analyzed by using a qualitative inductive approach...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544443/development-of-a-clinical-trials-version-of-the-impact-of-weight-on-quality-of-life-lite-questionnaire-iwqol-lite-clinical-trials-version-results-from-two-qualitative-studies
#9
R L Kolotkin, C M Ervin, H H Meincke, L Højbjerre, S E Fehnel
Existing measures of health-related quality of life and patient functioning in obesity, such as the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite (IWQOL-Lite) questionnaire, lack the developmental rigour required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to support product labelling. Two iterative qualitative studies informed development of a version of the IWQOL-Lite questionnaire optimized for use in obesity clinical trials: the IWQOL-Lite Clinical Trials Version. Study 1 included 42 patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg m(-2) (obesity); and Study 2 included 29 patients with type 2 diabetes and BMI ≥ 27 kg m(-2) (overweight)...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544436/losing-the-breast-a-meta-synthesis-of-the-impact-in-women-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
REVIEW
Lingshan Sun, Emily Ang, Wei How Daryl Ang, Violeta Lopez
OBJECTIVES: To summarize qualitative studies exploring the impact of losing the breast in women breast cancer survivors. METHODS: We identify, appraise and synthesise 12 qualitative studies from 2000 to 2015. Quality appraisal of the studies was examined using the Critical Appraisal Skill Programme Checklist and Sandelowski and Barroso's step to synthesise the findings. RESULTS: The age of women in these studies ranged from 30-77 years. Losing the breast was regarded as disfigurement resulting in a discrepancy between self and societal image of a woman...
May 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544320/influence-of-radial-versus-femoral-access-site-on-coronary-angiography-and-intervention-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Michael I Brener, Aaron Bush, Julie M Miller, Rani K Hasan
OBJECTIVES: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) to compare procedural outcomes between radial access (RA) and femoral access (FA). BACKGROUND: Recent RCTs suggest RA for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention reduces bleeding complications, but controversy exists regarding other benefits and risks relative to FA. METHODS: Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, LILACS, and major conference abstracts identified relevant studies published from 1985-2016...
May 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544236/clinical-and-laboratory-phenotype-variability-in-type-2m-von-willebrand-disease
#12
Ashley L Doruelo, Sandra L Haberichter, Pamela A Christopherson, Lisa N Boggio, Sweta Gupta, Steven R Lentz, Amy D Shapiro, Robert R Montgomery, Veronica H Flood
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a multimeric coagulation factor that tethers platelets to injured subendothelium. Type 2M von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is characterized by a qualitative defect in VWF with preserved multimer distribution. OBJECTIVES: Through the Zimmerman Program for the Molecular and Clinical Biology for VWD, five VWF sequence variations were studied in subjects diagnosed with type 2M VWD. METHODS: Bleeding phenotype was assessed using the ISTH bleeding assessment tool...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544174/a-qualitative-study-of-younger-men-s-experience-of-heart-attack-myocardial-infarction
#13
Christopher J Merritt, Nicole de Zoysa, Jane M Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effects of heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), across psychosocial domains may be particularly acute in younger adults, for whom serious health events are non-normative. MI morbidity is declining in Western countries, but in England MI numbers have plateaued for the under-45 cohort, where approximately 90% of patients are male. Qualitative research on younger adults' experience of MI is limited, and no study has sampled exclusively under-45s. This study aimed to understand how a sample of men under 45 adjusted to and made sense of MI...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544136/conceptualizations-of-fairness-and-legitimacy-in-the-context-of-ethiopian-health-priority-setting-reflections-on-the-applicability-of-accountability-for-reasonableness
#14
Kadia Petricca, Asfaw Bekele
A critical element in building stronger health systems involves strengthening good governance to build capacity for transparent and fair health planning and priority setting. Over the past 20 years, the ethical framework Accountability for Reasonableness (A4R) has been a prominent conceptual guide in strengthening fair and legitimate processes of health decision-making. While many of the principles embedded within the framework are congruent with Western conceptualizations of what constitutes procedural fairness, there is a paucity in the literature that captures the degree of resonance between these principles and the views of decision makers from non-Western settings; particularly in Africa, where many countries have only recently, within the last 20-30 years, become more democratic...
May 22, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties (Br Herne 1995;97:12). However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age (Appl Physiol Nutr Keller 2007;32:991) and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544132/-can-not-talk-about-it-urinary-incontinence-from-the-point-of-view-of-stroke-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#16
Myrta Kohler, Hanna Mayer, Jürg Kesselring, Susi Saxer
PURPOSE: The current study intends to gain an in-depth understanding of stroke survivors' lived experience of urinary incontinence and its treatment in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic. METHODS: A qualitative approach was chosen. Semi-structured individual interviews with ten stroke survivors suffering from urinary incontinence were conducted in an inpatient rehabilitation clinic and analysed using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. RESULTS: '(Can) not talk about it' was identified as the first main category...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544096/getting-safely-through-the-shift-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-administrative-supervisor-role
#17
Susan H Weaver, Teri G Lindgren
AIM: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the administrative supervisors' perspective of their managerial practices and how these practices contribute to nurse and patient safety. BACKGROUND: The position of administrative supervisor, often referred to as house supervisor on the evening and night shifts, lacks empirical data supporting efficacy. METHOD: A focused ethnographic study was conducted with 30 administrative supervisors from acute care hospitals, using in-depth interviews and job descriptions...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544094/development-and-validation-of-the-patient-physician-relationship-scale-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
J E Kurlander, W D Chey, C B Morris, Y J B Hu, R K Padival, S I Bangdiwala, N J Norton, W F Norton, D A Drossman
BACKGROUND: An effective patient-physician relationship (PPR) is essential to the care of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We sought to develop and validate an IBS-specific instrument to measure expectations of the PPR. METHODS: We conducted structured focus groups about PPRs with 12 patients with IBS. Qualitative analysis was used to generate a questionnaire (the Patient-Physician Relationship Scale [PPRS]), which was modified with input from content experts and usability testing...
May 22, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544085/e-tc-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-anxiety-and-depression-in-survivors-of-testicular-cancer
#19
L E Heiniger, A B Smith, I Olver, P Grimison, B Klein, A Wootten, J-A M Abbott, M A Price, M McJannett, B Tran, M R Stockler, H Gurney, P N Butow
e-TC is an online intervention designed to address common psychosocial concerns of testicular cancer survivors. It aims to reduce anxiety, depression and fear of cancer recurrence by providing evidence-based information and psychological intervention. This paper details the development and pilot testing of e-TC. During pilot testing, 25 men (with varying psychological profiles) who had completed treatment for testicular cancer, 6 months to 5 years ago (which had not recurred), used e-TC over a 10-week period and provided quantitative and qualitative feedback on the feasibility and acceptability of the programme...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544078/emergency-medical-services-providers-perspective-of-end-of-life-decision-making-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#20
Jacqueline McGinley, Deborah P Waldrop, Brian Clemency
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) providers are often called to rapidly determine and act upon patients' wishes for end-of-life care. People with intellectual disabilities are living increasingly longer with complex conditions leading to international calls for person-centred advance care planning. Yet, best estimates suggest that very few people with intellectual disabilities document their wishes. METHODS: This exploratory-descriptive study incorporated mixed methods to analyse data collected consecutively (surveys, n = 239; interviews, n = 48) with EMS providers from five agencies...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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