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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749363/a-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-comparing-unani-formulation-psoralen-plus-ultraviolet-a-sol-in-chronic-plaque-psoriasis
#1
Neena Khanna, Tamanna Nazli, Khalid Mahmud Siddiqui, Mani Kalaivani
Background & objectives: Though Unani medications have been used for centuries to treat psoriasis, there is paucity of published studies which have systematically evaluated their efficacy and safety. This study was conducted to establish non-inferiority of Unani medications (oral UNIM-401 and topical UNIM-403) vs psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) sol in treatment of moderate-severe chronic plaque psoriasis (CPP) in achieving psoriasis area severity index (PASI) 75 at 12 wk and to estimate proportion of patients who relapsed in follow up period of 12 weeks, after having achieved PASI 50...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746995/rising-trade-declining-stocks-the-global-gugul-commiphora-wightii-trade
#2
REVIEW
A B Cunningham, J A Brinckmann, R N Kulloli, U Schippmann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Commiphora wightii is exploited in India and Pakistan for an oleo-resin (gum guggul) traditionally used in Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani medical systems. Processed C. wightii oleo-resin products are exported from India to 42 countries, including re-export to Pakistan, for anti-inflammatory use and as an anti-inflammatory and an anti-obesity treatment considered to lower cholesterol and lipid levels. The C. wightii export trade has particular relevance to the European Union because Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and United Kingdom are importing countries...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733943/hajrul-yahood-lapis-judaicus-an-important-mineral-drug-of-unani-system-of-medicine-for-the-management-of-urolithiasis
#3
REVIEW
Shaikh Ajij Ahmed Makbul, Nasreen Jahan, Ghufran Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hajrul yahood (Lapis judaicus) is a mineral drug used in different dosage forms in Unani system of medicine and claimed to be effective in the management of urolithiasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the role of Hajrul yahood in the management of urolithiasis along with determination of its morphological, ethnomedicinal, physicochemical and pharmacological attributes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of literature on Hajrul yahood was undertaken using the bibliographic database viz...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699954/the-national-medical-commission-more-of-the-same
#4
George Thomas
The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has accepted six amendments to the National Medical Commission Bill suggested by the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee (1). These amendments are: the proposed National Licentiate Examination has been replaced by a countrywide final MBBS examination called the National Exit Test (NEXT); the bridge course to train practitioners from AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) in modern medicine has been removed, and it has been left to individual states to take a decision about this; the percentage of seats in private medical training institutions under fee regulation has been increased from 40% to 50%; the number of nominees from the states and Union territories who are members of the Commission has been increased from three to six; the penalties for non-compliance with educational norms for colleges has been modified; and the punishment for practising modern medicine without qualification has been made imprisonment up to one year and a fine of Rs 5 lakh...
April 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615020/purification-and-mic-analysis-of-antimicrobial-proteins-from-cucumis-sativus-l-seeds
#5
Raid Al Akeel, Ayesha Mateen, Khalid K Alharbi, Abdullah A Alyousef, Hazem M Al-Mandeel, Rabbani Syed
BACKGROUND: Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), from the family Cucurbitaceae, is a therapeutic plant with various pharmacological benefits, broadly utilized as a part of complementary medicine (e.g., Unani, Ayurveda, Siddha, and Traditional Chinese). In light of past research discoveries, this plant had been chosen to consider its potential antibacterial action. METHODS: Extracts were purified by dialysis and ion exchange chromatography strategy and then assayed for antibacterial activity against four standard pathogenic bacterial strains known to cause foodborne infections and spoilage of food and herbal drugs...
April 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590082/subchronic-oral-toxicity-study-of-habb-e-suranjan-in-albino-wistar-rats
#6
Khalid Ghazanfar, Showkat A Dar, Tazeen Nazir, Seema Akbar
Background Habb-e-Suranjan (HS) is a Unani pharmacopoeial formulation used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The present study was carried to evaluate the toxic potential of HS in albino Wistar rats. Methods The subchronic was carried out at the dose levels of 2440 mg/kg of body weight in both sexes. The rats were observed carefully for any behavioral change for next 24 hours (hr) after the administration of the drug and daily twice thereafter till the completion of experimentation. Water/feed consumption and body weight were recorded on weekly basis...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576698/ameliorative-effect-of-camel-s-milk-and-nigella-sativa-oil-against-thioacetamide-induced-hepatorenal-damage-in-rats
#7
Aftab Ahmad, Fahad A Al-Abbasi, Saida Sadath, Soad Shaker Ali, Mohammed F Abuzinadah, Hani A Alhadrami, Anwar Ali Mohammad Alghamdi, Ali H Aseeri, Shah Alam Khan, Asif Husain
Background: Camel milk (CM) and Nigella sativa (NS) have been traditionally claimed to cure wide range of diseases and used as medicine in different part of world, particularly in Saudi Arabia. Several research studies have been published that proved beneficial effects of CM and NS. Objective: This study was undertaken to investigate the antihepatotxic potential of CM and NS oil (NSO) against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepato and nephrotoxicity in rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty female Albino Wistar rats were randomly divided in to six groups having five rats in each group...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527057/tracing-the-development-of-psychosocial-rehabilitation-from-its-origin-to-the-current-with-emphasis-on-the-indian-context
#8
REVIEW
S Kalyana Sundaram, Sneha Kumar
Mental illness and mental health are concepts that have existed from time immemorial. In India, the Atharvaveda and Vedic texts and traditional medical systems such as Siddha, Unani, and Ayurveda have described mental health and disorders, in detail. The advent of the mental hospital brought in the 'chemical revolution' in psychiatric management. The early nineties witnessed the birth of psychiatric rehabilitation in India. These developments saw a shift from a biological to a biopsychosocial model. It embraced the individual, family, community and society into the treatment process...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526234/awareness-practice-and-views-about-integrating-ayush-in-allopathic-curriculum-of-allopathic-doctors-and-interns-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#9
Shubha Singhal, Vandana Roy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice of Ayurveda, yoga, Unani, Siddha, homeopathy and naturopathy (AYUSH) among allopathic doctors and interns and determine their opinion regarding integration of AYUSH education within the allopathic curriculum. METHODS: This prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching Hospital, New Delhi, India, from March 2016 to March 2017. A survey of 500 allopathic doctors and 150 interns was performed using a structured questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332103/proteomic-effects-of-wet-cupping-al-hijamah
#10
Amer A Almaiman
Wet cupping (Al-hijamah) is a therapeutic technique practiced worldwide as a part of the Unani system of medicine. It involves bloodletting from acupoints on a patient's skin to produce a therapeutic outcome. A thorough review of research articles on wet cupping with relevance to proteomics field that are indexed by Google Scholar, PubMed, and/or Science Direct databases was performed. Eight original research articles were summarized in this paper. Overall, wet cupping did not have a significant effect on C-reactive protein, Hsp-27, sister chromatid exchanges, and cell replication index...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331761/prevention-of-articular-cartilage-degeneration-in-a-rat-model-of-monosodium-iodoacetate-induced-osteoarthritis-by-oral-treatment-with-withaferin-a
#11
Dharmendra Choudhary, Sulekha Adhikary, Naseer Ahmad, Priyanka Kothari, Ashwni Verma, Prabodh Kumar Trivedi, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra, Ritu Trivedi
Withaferin A (WFA), a highly oxygenated withanolide is used for anti-osteoporotic, fracture healing, obesity control as medicine and dietary supplement in Ayurveda and Unani medicine but its potential remains to be investigate for the osteoarthritis studies. In the present study, chondro-protective effects of WFA, under in vitro and in vivo conditions were evaluated. In-vitro pharmacological activity of WFA was tested on rat articular chondrocytes through MTT, DPPH, different staining, FACS and translation studies...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#12
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122454/ayurveda-formulations-a-roadmap-to-address-the-safety-concerns
#13
Kishor Patwardhan, Jigyasa Pathak, Rabinarayan Acharya
It is a matter of serious concern that the number of case reports pointing at a possible association between the clinical toxicity and the use of Ayurveda formulations is increasing significantly over the years in scientific medical literature. Though most of these cases are connected with the presence of heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic in these formulations, there are also reports suggesting toxicity due to the presence of toxic chemicals of herbal origin. In the year 2008, the Government of India took an initiative of establishing the National Pharmacovigilance Programme for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs in a structured way...
October 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118341/novel-serotonin-transporter-regulators-natural-aristolane-and-nardosinane-types-of-sesquiterpenoids-from-nardostachys-chinensis-batal
#14
Ying-Peng Chen, Shu-Song Ying, Hong-Hong Zheng, Yan-Ting Liu, Zhong-Ping Wang, Hu Zhang, Xu Deng, Yi-Jing Wu, Xiu-Mei Gao, Tian-Xiang Li, Yan Zhu, Yan-Tong Xu, Hong-Hua Wu
Serotonin transporter (SERT) is a classic target of drug discovery for neuropsychiatric and digestive disorders, and against those disorders, plants of Nardostachys genus have been valued for centuries in the systems of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurvedic and Unani. Herein, chemical investigation on the roots and rhizomes of Nardostachys chinensis Batal. led to the isolation of forty sesquiterpenoids including six new aristolane-type sesquiterpenoids and six new nardosinane-type sesquiterprenoids. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, combined with analyses of circular dichroism and single-crystal X-ray diffraction data...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105635/clinical-efficacy-of-unani-medicine-renax-for-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#15
Mushtaq Ahmad, Ghazala Shaheen, Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad Akram, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Shahbaz Ahmad Zakki
Stone formation occurs most commonly in acute and chronic renal failure. A kidney stone is a solid lump made up of crystals that separate from the urine and build up on the inner surfaces of the kidney. The current study was conducted to investigate the clinical efficacy of Unani medicine Renax in comparison with allopathic medicine (Spironolactone + Furosemide) to treat urolithiasis. The study was conducted in District Dera Ghazi Khan, South Punjab region. This was case control, randomized, double blind clinical study...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038774/interaction-of-turmeric-curcuma-longa-l-with-beneficial-microbes-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Ajay Kumar, Amit Kishore Singh, Manish Singh Kaushik, Surabhi Kirti Mishra, Pratima Raj, P K Singh, K D Pandey
Curcuma longa L., commonly known as turmeric, is a rhizomatous herb of the family Zingiberaceae. It is mostly used as a spice, a coloring agent and broadly used in traditional medicine such as Ayurveda, Unani, etc., Turmeric rhizomes interact with a large numbers of rhizosphere-associated microbial species, and some enter the plant tissue and act as endophytes. Both rhizospheric and endophytic species are directly or indirectly involved in growth promotion and disease management in plants and also play an important role in the modulation of morphological growth, secondary metabolite production, curcumin content, antioxidant properties, etc...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971830/can-the-ayush-system-be-instrumental-in-achieving-universal-health-coverage-in-india
#17
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
Universal health coverage (UHC) in the Indian context is understood as easily accessible and affordable health services for all citizens. The Planning Commission of India constituted a High Level Expert Group (HLEG) in October 2010 for the purpose of drafting the guidelines of UHC. While the primary focus of UHC is to provide financial protection to all citizens, its delivery requires an adequate health infrastructure, skilled health human resources, and access to affordable drugs and technologies so that all people receive the level and quality of care they are entitled to...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875835/the-biological-potentialsof-indian-traditional-medicine-curcumin-for-treating-human-diseases
#18
C S Sumathi, P Rajesh, V. Rajesh Kannan
Curcumin is an active compound extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric). It possesses a di phenolic structure and there are three important fractions of curcumin namely curcumin, mono-desmethoxycurcumin and bis-desmethoxycurcumin. Curcumin is having high medicinal value. It is widely in Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicine formulations to treat various diseases. It is effective against microbial pathogens like bacteria, virus and fungi. It is highly potent and kills cancerous cells. Curcumin exhibits antioxidant activity and reduces lipoperoxidation...
August 30, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867936/cultural-aspects-of-anxiety-disorders-in-india
#19
REVIEW
Maherra Khambaty, Rajesh M Parikh
Cultural factors have influenced the presentation, diagnoses, and treatment of anxiety disorders in India for several centuries. This review covers the antecedents, prevalence, phenomenology, and treatment modalities of anxiety disorders in the Indian cultural context. It covers the history of the depiction of anxiety in India and the concept of culture in the classification of anxiety disorders, and examines the cultural factors influencing anxiety disorders in India. We review the prevalence and phenomenology of various disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety, and phobic disorder, as well as culture-specific syndromes such as dhat and koro in India...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867859/pharmacognostical-and-phytochemical-studies-of-helleborus-niger-l-root
#20
V Kishor Kumar, K G Lalitha
BACKGROUND: Helleborus niger L (Ranunculaceae) is used Ayurvedic and Unani systems and other herbal medicine systems. The roots of H. niger have a good medicinal value. AIMS: To conduct a pharmacognostical and phytochemical study of H. niger. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacognostical studies on roots including parameters such as taxonomical, macroscopic, microscopic characters, physico-chemical, ultra-violet analysis and phytochemical studies are established...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
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