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N K Lohiya, K Balasubramanian, A S Ansari
India is a home for a large variety of plants with remarkable medicinal and pharmacological value. Traditional medicine in the form of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has used many of these plants since ancient days for treating and curing various ailments of the body. When it comes to issues related to reproductive health, people still hesitate to discuss and/or accept it openly and hence look for alternate and natural remedies. The various tribal populations distributed across different parts of the country still use these plant extracts in various formulations for maintenance of good health...
October 2016: Andrologia
Peter T White, Chitra Subramanian, Hashim F Motiwala, Mark S Cohen
Withanolides, and in particular extracts from Withania somnifera, have been used for over 3,000 years in traditional Ayurvedic and Unani Indian medical systems as well as within several other Asian countries. Traditionally, the extracts were ascribed a wide range of pharmacologic properties with corresponding medical uses, including adaptogenic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, sedative/anxiolytic, cytotoxic, antitussive, and immunomodulatory. Since the discovery of the archetype withaferin A in 1965, approximately 900 of these naturally occurring, polyoxygenated steroidal lactones with 28-carbon ergostane skeletons have been discovered across 24 diverse structural types...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Asfia Tarannum, Arshiya Sultana, Khaleeq Ur Rahman
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of preparations of certain Unani herbs on Lequesne Algo-Functional Index of knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, pre- and post test evaluation study was conducted on 20 diagnosed patients of OA recruited from the Nizamia General Hospital, Hyderabad. Internally, a combination (formula) of Unani herbs was administered, which was as follows: 3.5 g powder of Asarun (2 g), Tukhme karafs (2 g), and Filfil daraz (3 g) was administered internally twice daily...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
S M Abbas Zaidi, S S Jameel, Kehkashan Jafri, Shariq A Khan, Ehsan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cupping (Hijamah) therapy is very well documented as a result of several thousand years of clinical experiences in Unani medicine. In this procedure, suction is created by various means either with or without bloodletting. Though this therapy is being widely practiced across the globe for treating many chronic and intractable ailments but many reports reveal its unscientific and improper practices which results in many complications. Therefore to develop standard operative procedures and to propose protocols of cupping therapy in various diseases is the need of hour...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Soumyajit Biswas, Rupa Shaw, Sanjay Bala, Asis Mazumdar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal Plant resources of forest origin are extensively used in India for various systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, Allopathy, Siddha and Ethnic etc. The tribal communities around the Kakrajhore forest in West Medinipur district of West Bengal have their own traditional knowledge based system of curing many diseases using the forest based plant resources similar to ayurveda. The forest comprises of one of the unique treasure and rich source of diversified ethno-botanical wealth and therefore extensive studies is required for proper documentation including ethnomedicinal knowledge of local tribes...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
K Lakshmi Josyula, Kabir Sheikh, Devaki Nambiar, Venkatesh V Narayan, T N Sathyanarayana, John D H Porter
The government of India has, over the past decade, implemented the "integration" of traditional, complementary and alternative medical (TCAM) practitioners, specifically practitioners of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa, and Homoeopathy (collectively known by the acronym AYUSH), in government health services. A range of operational and ethical challenges has manifested during this process of large health system reform. We explored the practices and perceptions of health system actors, in relation to AYUSH providers' roles in government health services in three Indian states - Kerala, Meghalaya, and Delhi...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Nandini Bhattacharya
Historians of indigenous medicine in colonial India have looked more closely at the changes, reinventions and reformulations of institutions of Ayurveda and Unani than at the cognitive content of the drugs themselves. The few historians who have examined the changing content of indigenous medicines have conceptualised the creation of materia medica of Indian drugs through two tropes: one of circulation (of specific drugs) through epistemological and geographic boundaries and the second, of marginalisation of certain other drugs either through a lack of textual legitimacy or the lack of the newly discovered 'active principles' within each drug...
April 2016: Hist Compass
Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Mathiyazahan Dhivyabharathi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Musthafa Mohamed Essa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fruits of Phyllanthus emblica Linn. or Emblica officinalis Gaertn. (Phyllanthaceae) are used in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Arabic, Tibetan and various other folk medicinal systems to promote intelligence and memory. Recent study from our lab indicated the neuroprotective effect of tannoids principles of Emblica officinalis (EoT) against memory loss caused by aluminium chloride (AlCl3) intoxication through attenuating acetylcholine esterase activity and the expression of amyloid β protein biosynthesis related markers...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Maryam Mosaffa-Jahromi, Hossein Kiani
BACKGROUND: Ala-al-din abu Al-Hassan Ali ibn Abi-Hazm al-Qarshi al-Dimashqi, known as Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288 AD), was a Muslim Syrian physician primarily famous for being the first to describe the pulmonary circulation of the blood. The most voluminous of his books is Alshamel fi Sana'at tebbi'at, which is a comprehensive medical encyclopedia. It comprised 300 volumes of notes, from which only 80 volumes are published. His writings are cataloged in many libraries around the world. The aim of this review article, as a tribute to Ibn al-Nafis, was to introduce his valuable but neglected encyclopedia of Materia Medica...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Indian system of medicine has its origin in India. The system is currently renamed as AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Sidha and Homeopathy. These are the six Indian systems of medicine prevalent and practiced in India and in few neighboring Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to gain insight in to the prior and existing initiatives which would enable reflection and assist in the identification of future change...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Vinod Kumar Joshi, Apurva Joshi, Kartar Singh Dhiman
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) is a unique book of standards describing the quality, purity and strength of selected drugs that are manufactured, distributed, and sold by the licensed manufacturers in pan India. It is developed in two parts; the part one comprises of mono-monographs of medicinal substances of natural origin and part two includes selected compound formulations sourced from the schedule- I books under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 comprising of popular Ayurvedic classics of different period of times...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mohd Nauman Saleem, Mohammad Idris
The Transdermal Drug Delivery System (TDDS) is one of the novel routes for systemic delivery of drugs through intact skin. A transdermal patch (TP) is a medicated patch that is placed on skin for delivery of medication through skin into the blood stream. The aim of present study was to formulate and evaluate a Unani transdermal patch that could be used for antiemetic therapy. The incorporation of Unani ingredients, namely, Khardal (Brassica nigra), Zanjabeel (Zingiber officinale), Podina (Mentha arvensis), and Sirka (Vinegar) were envisaged...
2016: Scientifica
Sharmistha Mallick
This paper is an attempt to understand the project of mainstreaming in India's health care system that has started with an aim to bring marginalized and alternative systems of medicine in mainstream. The project has gained much attention with the establishment of Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH) in the year 2003, which is now a ministry. It has ushered some positive results in terms of growth of AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries. However, it has also raised challenges around the theory and practice of mainstreaming...
March 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
S Kannan, S Gowri
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are mandatory for evidence-based practice. Hardly, any data are available regarding the number of clinical trials and their methodological quality that are conducted in allied fields of medicine. OBJECTIVE: The present study was envisaged to assess methodological quality of trials in allied medical fields. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Registered clinical trials in World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (http://apps...
March 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Suresh Bada Math, Sydney Moirangthem, Naveen C Kumar, Maria Christine Nirmala
Recent changes in policies allowing practitioners of Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) to integrate into the mainstream of healthcare and also allowing practitioners of Ayurveda and Homoeopathy to perform medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) under the proposed amendment to the MTP bill have brought crosssystem practice into the limelight. We evaluate cross-system practice from its legal and ethical perspectives. Across judgments, the judiciary has held that cross-system practice is a form of medical negligence; however, it is permitted only in those states where the concerned governments have authorized it by a general or special order...
November 2015: National Medical Journal of India
Wajida Inanmdar, Arshiya Sultana, Umraz Mubeen, Khaleequr Rahman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effificacy and safety of fenugreek seed and dry cupping on intensity of pain in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Sixty patients with primary dysmenorrhea were enrolled in this prospective, open-labeled, randomized, standard-controlled study, conducted in the National Institute of Unani Medicine Hospital between February 2010 and April 2011. In group A (20 cases), 3 g powder of fenugreek seed (3 capsules, 1 g each) was given orally twice daily from day 1 to 3 of menstrual cycle...
May 25, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Khalid Ghazanfar, Showkat Ahmad Dar, Seema Akbar, Tazeen Nazir, Mariya Hamdani, Khalid M Siddiqui, Pawan Kumar, Akbar Masood
Capsule Shaqeeqa, Unani formulation, is prescribed for the clinical treatment of diseases like sinusitis, headache, and migraine. The safety evaluation data of it is not available; in order to provide the safety data the present study was carried out. The study was carried out on four groups of rats (n = 5). Two groups (one male and one female group) as normal controls were orally given water while the other two groups were orally given daily doses of drug at the dose level of 150 mg/kg of body weight for duration of 90 days...
2016: Scientifica
Haidan Yuan, Qianqian Ma, Li Ye, Guangchun Piao
Natural products and traditional medicines are of great importance. Such forms of medicine as traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, Kampo, traditional Korean medicine, and Unani have been practiced in some areas of the world and have blossomed into orderly-regulated systems of medicine. This study aims to review the literature on the relationship among natural products, traditional medicines, and modern medicine, and to explore the possible concepts and methodologies from natural products and traditional medicines to further develop drug discovery...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad Siddiqui, Aftab Saeed, Allah Nawaz, Safila Naveed, Khan Usmanghani
This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Unani Ajmal06, an herbal formulation for management of chronic renal failure (CRF). The therapeutic evaluations of three different formulations such as Itrifal Kashneezi, Jawarsih Zarooni Sada medicines were conducted on number 35 CRF patients clinically diagnosed cases of chronic kidney failure. It was found that herbal coded Ajmal06 was effective for the treatment of CRF in 70% of the patients treated. SPSS tests on sign and symptoms indicated the efficacy of Ajmal06 in lowering serum creatinine level in 70% of patients of chronic renal failure...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ramamoorthi Ganesan, Hari Madhuri Doss, Mahaboobkhan Rasool
Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are inhabitant mesenchymal cells of synovial joints and have been recognized to play an imperative role in the immunopathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Blocking these pathological roles of FLS provides a potentially important therapeutic strategy for the treatment for RA. A recent study had confirmed that majoon ushba (MU), a polyherbal unani compound, possesses anti-arthritic effects in in vivo. Toward this direction, an effort has been made to understand the effect of MU on FLS derived from adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats...
August 2016: Immunologic Research
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