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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684912/cementum-regeneration-using-stem-cells-in-the-dog-model-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jacqueline Crossman, Maryam Elyasi, Tarek El-Bialy, Carlos Flores Mir
OBJECTIVE: Restoring lost tissues of the periodontium, such as cementum, is essential in reducing the risk of tooth loss due to periodontitis and/or severe root resorption. Stem cell therapy is a regenerative strategy in cementum regeneration. This systematic review aimed to analyze the effect of various stem cells and their transplantation method on cementum regeneration in the dog model. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched, in addition to performing hand searches and a gray literature search...
April 3, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684835/objectively-measured-interprofessional-education-outcome-and-factors-that-enhance-program-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
R Riskiyana, M Claramita, G R Rahayu
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) across the globe. By looking at the timeline of each previous study, it can be inferred that the implementation of IPE has been improving continuously. However, the effectiveness of IPE still cannot be easily generalized due to misconceptions regarding how interprofessional collaboration capabilities should be evaluated. This study aims to generalize the learning outcomes that were produced by IPE in a global context and analyse the contributing factors...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684790/is-there-evidence-to-use-kinematic-kinetic-measures-clinically-in-low-back-pain-patients-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Enrica Papi, Anthony M J Bull, Alison H McGregor
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a widespread reliance on self-reported questionnaires to assess low back pain patients. However, it has been suggested that objective measures of low back pain patients' functional status should be used to aid clinical assessment. The aim of this study is to systematically review which kinematic /kinetic parameters have been used to assess low back pain patients against healthy controls and to propose clinical kinematic/kinetic measures. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Scopus databases were searched for relevant studies...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684747/the-possible-dna-damage-induced-by-environmental-organic-compounds-the-case-of-nonylphenol
#5
REVIEW
Zahra Noorimotlagh, Seyyed Abbas Mirzaee, Mehdi Ahmadi, Neemat Jaafarzadeh, Fakher Rahim
Human impact on the environment leads to the release of many pollutants that produce artificial compounds, which can have harmful effects on the body's endocrine system; these are known as endocrine disruptors (EDs). Nonylphenol (NP) is a chemical compound with a nonyl group that is attached to a phenol ring. NP-induced H2 AX is a sensitive genotoxic biomarker for detecting possible DNA damage; it also causes male infertility and carcinogenesis. We attempt to comprehensively review all the available evidence about the different ways with descriptive mechanisms for explaining the possible DNA damage that is induced by NP...
April 20, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684666/systematic-review-of-preservation-solutions-for-allografts-for-liver-transplantation-based-on-a-network-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Fengying Rao, Jian Yang, Cheng Gong, Rong Huang, Qi Wang, Jun Shen
AIMS: The aim of this work was to determine the best preservation solutions for allografts for liver transplantation by quantitative network meta-analysis. METHODS: Global electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. Seven pieces of parametric data were extracted from included studies for pooled estimation. A consistency model was used for direct and indirect comparisons. The cumulative probability P value was utilized to rank the solutions...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684615/achieving-penetration-and-participation-in-diabetes-after-pregnancy-prevention-interventions-following-gestational-diabetes-a-health-promotion-challenge
#7
REVIEW
Kaberi Dasgupta, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, Sharleen O'Reilly
AIM: Health behaviour change interventions have potential to reduce diabetes after pregnancy (DAP) rates following gestational diabetes (GDM). Recruitment success is arguably as important as intervention effectiveness, but receives less attention. We examined penetration into target populations and participation in DAP prevention interventions in women with a GDM history. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies published up to December 2017. Studies were reviewed by at least three reviewers and data were qualitatively synthesized...
April 20, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684567/human-herpesvirus-6b-hhv-6b-reactivation-is-a-risk-factor-for-grade-2-4-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-agvhd-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hct-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Tuan L Phan, Kristen Carlin, Per Ljungman, Ioannis Politikos, Vicki Boussiotis, Michael Boeckh, Michele L Shaffer, Danielle M Zerr
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Many studies have suggested that HHV-6B plays a role in acute GVHD (aGVHD) following HCT. Our objective was to systematically summarize and analyze evidence regarding HHV-6B reactivation and development of aGVHD. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched using terms for HHV-6, HCT, and aGVHD, yielding 865 unique results...
April 20, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684007/identifying-robust-hysteresis-in-networks
#9
Tomáš Gedeon, Bree Cummins, Shaun Harker, Konstantin Mischaikow
We present a new modeling and computational tool that computes rigorous summaries of network dynamics over large sets of parameter values. These summaries, organized in a database, can be searched for observed dynamics, e.g., bistability and hysteresis, to discover parameter regimes over which they are supported. We illustrate our approach on several networks underlying the restriction point of the cell cycle in humans and yeast. We rank networks by how robustly they support hysteresis, which is the observed phenotype...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683925/short-term-8-weeks-high-intensity-interval-training-in-diseased-cohorts
#10
James E M Blackwell, Brett Doleman, Philip J J Herrod, Samuel Ricketts, Bethan E Phillips, Jonathan N Lund, John P Williams
BACKGROUND & AIM: Exercise training regimes can lead to improvements in measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), improved general health, and reduced morbidity and overall mortality risk. High intensity interval training (HIIT) offers a time-efficient approach to improve CRF in healthy individuals, but the relative benefits of HIIT compared to traditional training methods are unknown in across different disease cohorts. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis compares CRF gains in randomised controlled trials of short-term (<8 weeks) HIIT vs...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683834/the-effect-of-preoperative-exercise-on-upper-extremity-recovery-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#11
Ajax Yang, Jonas Sokolof, Amitabh Gulati
Prehabilitation benefits among patients undergoing various oncological surgeries have been demonstrated. However, the effects of presurgical exercise and fitness on postoperative ipsilateral upper extremity recovery outcomes in patients with breast cancer surgery are less evident. A systematic review was performed to assess the effects of preoperative exercise and fitness on postmastectomy recovery. Systematic literature search was performed in 12 electronic databases. Study eligibility was accessed using the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparison, Outcome and Study Design) criteria...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683557/the-prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Chenghan Gao, Xin Sun, Li Lu, Fangwei Liu, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.The aim of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of GDM in mainland China according to International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. METHODS: We performed a systematic review by searching both English and Chinese literature databases. Random effects models were used to summarize the prevalence of GDM in mainland China...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683378/pharmacokinetic-properties-of-intranasal-and-injectable-formulations-of-naloxone-for-community-use-a-systematic-review
#14
Shawn A Ryan, Robert B Dunne
AIM: To assess the pharmacokinetic properties of community-use formulations of naloxone for emergency treatment of opioid overdose. METHODS: Systematic literature review based on searches of established databases and congress archives. RESULTS: Seven studies met inclusion criteria: two of US FDA-approved intramuscular (im.)/subcutaneous (sc.) auto-injectors, one of an FDA-approved intranasal spray, two of unapproved intranasal kits (syringe with atomizer attachment) and two of intranasal products in development...
April 23, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683285/long-term-efficacy-data-for-daylight-pdt
#15
Maria C Fargnoli
INTRODUCTION: Conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT) is an established successful treatment for non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC). Daylight PDT (DL-PDT) was introduced to overcome the main inconveniencies associated with c-PDT such as pain during illumination and long clinic visits. DL-PDT was shown to have similar short-term efficacy to c-PDT for the treatment of mild/moderate AKs but it is associated with better tolerability. Since AKs tend to regress and reoccur over time, data on long-term efficacy of DL-PDT become crucial...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683100/pioglitazone-therapy-and-fractures-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Velichka Pavlova, Elena Filipova, Katya Uzunova, Krassimir Kalinov, Toni Vekov
INTRODUCTION: Thiazolidinediones are group of synthetic medications used in type 2 diabetes treatment. Among available thiazolidinediones pioglitazone is gaining increased attention due to its lower cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferers and seems a promising future therapy. Accumulating evidence suggests that diabetic patients may exert bone fractures due to such treatments. Simultaneously, female population is thought to be at greater risk. Still the safety outcomes of pioglitazone treatment especially in terms of fractures are questionable and need to be clarified...
April 23, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683049/adolescents-help-seeking-behavior-and-intentions-following-adolescent-dating-violence-a-systematic-review
#17
Kerrie Bundock, Carmen Chan, Olivia Hewitt
The review aimed to systematically identify and summarize empirical work examining adolescent victims' help-seeking behaviors and intentions in relation to their own experience of adolescent dating violence (ADV) and to critically evaluate the literature. Three main objectives were addressed: identify factors associated with help seeking, identify help-seeking source (who adolescents disclose to), and explore the barriers and facilitators for help seeking. Results were separated into actual help seeking and help-seeking intentions...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683015/online-interprofessional-education-facilitation-a-scoping-review
#18
Sherryn Maree Evans, Catherine Ward, Scott Reeves
INTRODUCTION: The use of online media to deliver interprofessional education (IPE) is becoming more prevalent across health professions education settings. Facilitation of IPE activities is known to be critical to the effective delivery of IPE, however, specifics about the nature of online IPE facilitation remains unclear. AIM: To explore the health professions education literature to understand the extent, range and nature of research on online IPE facilitation...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683014/older-adults-perspectives-on-the-process-of-becoming-users-of-assistive-technology-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#19
Stina Meyer Larsen, Rikke Falgreen Mortensen, Hanne Kaae Kristensen, Lise Hounsgaard
PURPOSE: To identify, synthesize, and evaluate existing literature concerning the process of becoming a user of assistive technology (AT). METHOD: A systematic review and meta-synthesis were carried out. Five bibliographic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO and SocINDEX) were systematically searched up to 13th of March 2017, using two sets of search terms: (i) elderly and synonyms and (ii) assistive technology and similar words, and combined with a qualitative research filter...
April 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682989/coverage-of-accessory-renal-arteries-during-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair-what-are-the-consequences-and-the-implications-for-clinical-practice
#20
Fabien Lareyre, Frédéric Panthier, Elixène Jean-Baptiste, Réda Hassen-Khodja, Juliette Raffort
An accessory renal artery (ARA) represents an anatomic variation which can challenge endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The aim of this review was to summarize the current knowledge on postoperative outcomes following ARA coverage during EVAR. We performed a systematic literature review. The MEDLINE database was searched on September 2017, and 8 relevant studies were included. The frequency of ARA in patients undergoing EVAR varied between 9.5% and 16.2%, and the frequency of ARA coverage varied between 5...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
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