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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454279/bonding-of-composite-cements-to-zirconia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-in-vitro-studies
#1
REVIEW
Putsadeeporn Thammajaruk, Masanao Inokoshi, Shanley Chong, Massimiliano Guazzato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature and statistically analyze bond strength data to identify the influence that composite cements, type of test methodology, chemical and mechanical pre-treatments have on the bond strength of composite cements to zirconia in three different artificial aging conditions. METHODS: The literature was electronically searched in MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and SCOPUS to select relevant articles that evaluated the bond strength between zirconia and composite cements...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454147/factors-associated-with-malignancy-in-hysteroscopically-resected-endometrial-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Lizandra M Paravidine Sasaki, Keitty R C Andrade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Miriam da S Wanderley, Maurício G Pereira
The objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and to evaluate associated clinical and demographic factors. A literature search was performed in major databases and the gray literature using the terms polyps OR endometrial polyp AND endometrial neoplasms OR endometrial cancer OR endometrial hyperplasia OR malignan*. Studies describing the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and any clinical or demographic factors associated with malignant lesions extracted using hysteroscopy were considered eligible...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454005/a-quest-to-find-good-primers-for-gene-expression-analysis-of-candida-albicans-from-clinical-samples
#4
Gabriela C Alonso, Ana C Pavarina, Tábata V Sousa, Marlise I Klein
Biofilm production contributes to several human diseases, including oral candidiasis. Among the Candida species, Candida albicans is the most prevalent. The expression of virulence genes is implicated in the pathogenic potential of Candida biofilms. However, the evaluation of microbial gene expression from in vivo biofilm samples is not trivial, specifically, assessment via quantitative PCR (qPCR) can be a challenge because of several species present in clinical samples. Hence, the necessity of primers specificity...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453969/s100-proteins-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Muhammad Arsalan Raffat, Naila Irum Hadi, Mervyn Hosein, Sana Mirza, Sana Ikram, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists in the literature regarding the differential expression of S100 protein members and their functional correlations in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The aim of the present study was to systematically review the expression of S100 protein family members among OSCC and healthy controls and to evaluate whether S100 protein members serve as diagnostic marker in OSCC. METHODS: Indexed databases were searched up to and including October 2017...
February 14, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453902/perioperative-outcome-and-complications-following-laparoscopic-versus-robotic-assisted-dismembered-pyeloplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Alexander Light, Sandeep Karthikeyan, Sachan Maruthan, Oussama ElHage, Hansjörg Danuser, Prokar Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the current difference between dismembered robotic-assisted pyeloplasty (RP) and laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) in the treatment of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) patients as of June 26 2017, focusing on operative time, length of hospital stay, complication rate, and success rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases, consulted experts, reviewed reference lists, used the related articles PubMed feature, and reviewed scientific meeting abstracts for eligible articles from 1993 to June 26 2017...
February 17, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453813/association-between-two-common-transitions-of-h2bfwt-gene-and-male-infertility-a-case-control-meta-and-structural-analysis
#7
M Teimouri, H Najaran, A Hosseinzadeh, T Mazoochi
H2BFWT is one of the testis-specific histones that plays a fundamental role in spermatogenesis, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in this gene may result in male infertility. This study aimed to investigate the association between -9C>T and 368A>G transitions of H2BFWT gene and male infertility through a case-control, meta-analysis, and a bioinformatics approach. In this case-control study, 490 subjects including 240 idiopathic infertile men and 250 healthy controls were included. The -9C>T and 368A>G SNPs genotyping were performed by a PCR-RFLP method...
February 17, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453808/three-dimensional-printing-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ivan Lau, Zhonghua Sun
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has shown great promise in medicine with increasing reports in congenital heart disease (CHD). This systematic review aims to analyse the main clinical applications and accuracy of 3D printing in CHD, as well as to provide an overview of the software tools, time and costs associated with the generation of 3D printed heart models. A search of different databases was conducted to identify studies investigating the application of 3D printing in CHD. Studies based on patient's medical imaging datasets were included for analysis, while reports on in vitro phantom or review articles were excluded from the analysis...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453799/impact-of-post-diagnostic-statin-use-on-ovarian-cancer-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
Xia Li, Jing Zhou
AIM: To comprehensively evaluate the association between post-diagnostic statin use and mortality of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. METHODS: Using a comprehensive strategy, multiple databases (Medline, Embase, and Web of Science) were systematically searched to identify observational studies that examined the correlation between statin use and OC mortality up to December 31, 2017. The studies were independently reviewed and selected based on predetermined selection criteria...
February 17, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453742/the-effect-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Iván Cavero-Redondo, Bárbara Peleteiro, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Enrique G Artero, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is widely perceived to be beneficial for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus and for controlling glycaemic levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but evidence supporting a positive effect in the control of glycaemic levels in healthy people is rather weak. The aim of this review was to estimate the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) levels in non-diabetic populations, and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
February 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453734/post-operative-imaging-assessment-of-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas
#11
REVIEW
Kunal S Patel, Sanjay Dhawan, Renzhi Wang, Bob S Carter, James Y Chen, Clark C Chen
BACKGROUND: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFAs) are the most common pituitary tumors. There is significant variability in clinical practice in terms of post-operative imaging evaluation. The objective of this manuscript is to provide an exhaustive review of published articles pertaining to the post-operative imaging evaluation of NFAs. METHODS: The MEDLINE database was queried for studies investigating imaging for the post-operative evaluation of pituitary adenomas...
February 16, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453728/single-site-port-robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-an-update
#12
REVIEW
Christos Iavazzo, Evelyn Eleni Minis, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Single-incision approach in robotic gynecology is a relatively new concept. The role of single-port systems in robotic hysterectomy, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the technical challenges, are still under investigation. A systematic review was performed by searching in PubMed and Scopus databases. In 810 out of 1225 patients, hysterectomy was performed for non-neoplastic disease. Single-Site ® was the most common port system. Duration of the procedure and relative blood loss ranged from 60 to 311 min and 7 to 750 ml, respectively...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453694/percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion-in-the-prevention-of-stroke-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jayson R Baman, Moussa Mansour, E Kevin Heist, David T Huang, Yitschak Biton
Atrial fibrillation is commonly coexistent with heart failure, and the management of the heart failure patient would be incomplete without an appreciation for atrial fibrillation management. There are many complications associated with oral anticoagulation in the prevention of stroke related to atrial fibrillation. In recent years, the advent of several percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion/closure strategies has sought to provide an alternative treatment modality. Here, we systematically review the published literature to investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous LAA occlusion/closure devices...
February 17, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453690/the-effectiveness-of-targeted-relative-to-empiric-prophylaxis-on-infectious-complications-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Susan Scott, Patrick N Harris, Deborah A Williamson, Michael A Liss, Suhail A R Doi, Matthew J Roberts
PURPOSE: Rectal culture screening for fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Enterobacteriaceae before transrectal ultrasound guided prostate (TRUSPB) biopsy and targeted antibiotic prophylaxis (TAP) may decrease post-TRUSPB infection rates compared to empiric (EAP) regimens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of targeted relative to empiric prophylaxis regimens on rates of infectious complications after TRUSPB and to determine the baseline prevalence of FQ resistance based on prior rectal swabs...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453626/drug-approval-based-on-randomized-phase-3-trials-for-relapsed-malignancy-analysis-of-oncologic-drugs-granted-accelerated-approval-publications-and-clinical-trial-databases
#15
Sumimasa Nagai, Keiya Ozawa
Background As relapsed disease is frequently the first target of newly developed therapies, it is vital to address the difficulty in demonstrating the efficacy of new drugs for relapsed malignancy in randomized phase 3 trials. Methods We analyzed the approved indications, target populations, and development status of post-marketing confirmatory trials of all oncology-related drugs that were granted accelerated approval for both hematological and solid malignancies. Furthermore, we searched for randomized phase 3 trials for adult patients with relapsed lymphoid malignancy, other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma (MM)...
February 17, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453488/no-evidence-for-combining-cartilage-treatment-and-knee-osteotomy-in-osteoarthritic-joints-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
G Filardo, S Zaffagnini, R De Filippis, F Perdisa, L Andriolo, C Candrian
PURPOSE: To assess whether the combination of HTO and cartilage treatment produced an additional clinical benefit compared to HTO alone. The secondary aim was to identify if there was any difference among different cartilage procedures in terms of healing potential and clinical outcome. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed on PubMed database by three independent observers according to the following inclusion criteria: clinical reports of any level of evidence, written in the English language, with no time limitation, about HTO associated with cartilage surgical and injective treatment, including surveys reporting clinical, radiological, or second-look outcomes at any follow-up time...
February 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453298/urban-green-spaces-and-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#17
Marion Porcherie, Mathilde Lejeune, Marion Gaudel, Jeanine Pommier, Emmanuelle Faure, Zoé Heritage, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Luca Cantoreggi, Anne Roué Le Gall, Linda Cambon, Jean-Philippe Regnaux
INTRODUCTION: Green space in the built environment is an important topic on the health agenda today. Studies have shown that access to green spaces is associated with better mental and physical health, yet green spaces can also be detrimental to health if they are not managed appropriately. Despite the increasing interest in urban green spaces, little research has so far been conducted into the links between green spaces and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is therefore to map the literature available on the types of relationship between urban green spaces and cancer...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453137/scientific-evidence-on-perineal-trauma-during-labor-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Flaviana Vieira, Janaina V Guimarães, Marcia C S Souza, Poliana M L Sousa, Rafaela F Santos, Agueda M R Z Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence for management and preservation of perineal integrity during the expulsive stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review that employed the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome strategy to formulate the research question: Which perineal measure(s) is(are) effective in maintaining perineal integrity during labor? The search was performed in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SciELO. The ten selected studies were analyzed based on their level of evidence and grade of recommendation...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453093/instruments-for-evaluation-of-safety-culture-in-primary-health-care-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
P F Vasconcelos, L P Arruda, V E C Sousa Freire, R E F L Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to conduct an investigation of the tools used to assess safety culture in the primary health care. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review of the literature. METHODS: We conducted a literature search using an instrument that included quantitative assessments of safety culture, using the following databases: CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PubMed, BIREME, and SciELO. Retrieved material comprised original articles published from 1998 to 2014, with titles and abstracts available in English, Portuguese, Spanish, and French...
February 13, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452843/ticagrelor-versus-clopidogrel-in-east-asian-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Naoki Misumida, Shunsuke Aoi, Sun Moon Kim, Khaled M Ziada, Ahmed Abdel-Latif
BACKGROUND: Bleeding complications are associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Compared to Whites, several studies demonstrated a higher risk of bleeding in Asians who present with acute myocardial infarction. To date, the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in East Asian population have not been well established. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared ticagrelor and clopidogrel in East Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS)...
January 31, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
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