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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933508/recent-advances-on-the-development-of-phantoms-using-3d-printing-for-imaging-with-ct-mri-pet-spect-and-ultrasound
#1
REVIEW
Valeria Filippou, Charalampos Tsoumpas
PURPOSE: Printing technology, capable of producing three-dimensional (3D) objects, has evolved in recent years and provides potential for developing reproducible and sophisticated physical phantoms. 3D printing technology can help rapidly develop relatively low cost phantoms with appropriate complexities, which are useful in imaging or dosimetry measurements. The need for more realistic phantoms is emerging since imaging systems are now capable of acquiring multimodal and multiparametric data...
June 22, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933427/vascular-access-complications-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-procedures-in-hemodynamics-a-scoping-review
#2
Rejane Reich, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Simone Marques Dos Santos, Miriam de Abreu Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To map the production of knowledge on vascular access complications in patients undergoing percutaneous procedures in hemodynamic laboratories. METHODS: Scoping review study. The search strategy was developed in three stages, considering the period from July 2005 to July 2015 in the PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and LILACS databases. The collected data were analyzed and summarized in a narrative form. RESULTS: One-hundred twenty-eight publications that made it possible to map the contexts of study of complications, occurrence according to access routes, as well as an understanding of diagnosis and clinical management, were included...
June 7, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933405/influence-of-cast-change-interval-in-the-ponseti-method-a-systematic-review
#3
R B Giesberts, M C van der Steen, P G M Maathuis, A T Besselaar, E E G Hekman, G J Verkerke
BACKGROUND: Clubfeet are commonly treated using the Ponseti method. This method involves weekly manipulation and casting which gradually corrects the position of the foot. However, the reasons for following a weekly interval are not clear. QUESTION / PURPOSE: The aim is to investigate the influence of the cast change interval on treatment outcomes in the Ponseti method. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of comparative studies in which the cast change interval was varied...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933389/instances-of-erroneous-dna-barcoding-of-metazoan-invertebrates-are-universal-cox1-gene-primers-too-universal
#4
Monika Mioduchowska, Michał Jan Czyż, Bartłomiej Gołdyn, Jarosław Kur, Jerzy Sell
The cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene is the main mitochondrial molecular marker playing a pivotal role in phylogenetic research and is a crucial barcode sequence. Folmer's "universal" primers designed to amplify this gene in metazoan invertebrates allowed quick and easy barcode and phylogenetic analysis. On the other hand, the increase in the number of studies on barcoding leads to more frequent publishing of incorrect sequences, due to amplification of non-target taxa, and insufficient analysis of the obtained sequences...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933290/systematic-review-of-treatment-outcome-measures-for-vulvodynia
#5
Leslie A Sadownik, Paul J Yong, Kelly B Smith
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To systematically evaluate the literature regarding vulvodynia treatment outcome measures. METHODS: A systematic literature search on OVID, PubMed, and PsycINFO databases was conducted from inception until May 2016. Studies were included/excluded based on prespecified criteria. Reported outcome measures were organized into 6 core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT): pain; physical functioning, emotional functioning, participant ratings of global improvement and satisfaction with treatment, symptoms and adverse events, and participant disposition...
July 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933279/meta-analysis-of-the-surgical-and-rehabilitative-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-athletes-with-femoroacetabular-impingement
#6
Danielle Lovett-Carter, Amritpal S Jawanda, Ailish Hannigan
OBJECTIVES: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) poses a threat to athletes' capacity to compete. This review aims to estimate the rate of return to sport after hip arthroscopy for treatment of FAI as well as identify factors that may affect athletes' outcomes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Four databases (EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane) were searched in July 2015 by 2 reviewers. Studies were required to include athletes who were treated with hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and also report return to sport as an outcome...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933277/phototherapy-on-management-of-creatine-kinase-activity-in-general-versus-localized-exercise-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Aryane Flauzino Machado, Jéssica Kirsch Micheletti, Jaqueline Santos Silva Lopes, Franciele Marques Vanderlei, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Jayme Netto Junior, Carlos Marcelo Pastre
OBJECTIVE: The main focus of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of phototherapy in the management of creatine kinase (CK) activity after exercise and furthermore to identify for which exercise model protocol phototherapy provides the best results. DESIGN: Meta-analysis comparing phototherapy with a control condition. SETTING: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and CENTRAL databases were searched from their earliest records to October 03, 2016...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933195/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-a-new-method-to-evaluate-lymphoedema-fluid-status-and-tissue-damage-after-gynaecological-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Madeleine Asklöf, Preben Kjølhede, Ninnie Borendal Wodlin, Lena Nilsson
The aim of this descriptive review is to summarise the current knowledge of non-invasive bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) used with gynaecological surgical patients in regard to postoperative development of lymphoedema and determination of perioperative fluid balance, and as a prognostic factor in cancer mortality and a predictor of postoperative complications. The databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and reference lists of selected articles were searched for relevant articles published during the period January 2008-April 2018...
June 18, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933137/efficacy-of-group-psychotherapy-for-geriatric-depression-a-systematic-review
#9
L R Tavares, M R Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Geriatric depression is a common and debilitating psychopathology, but evidence supports the efficacy of psychotherapy in its treatment. Group therapy provides advantages over individual interventions. However, only three systematic reviews have focused specifically on the efficacy of group therapy for geriatric depression. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the effects of group psychotherapy on geriatric depression in people aged 60 years and older, compared with alternative treatments or no treatment...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933090/hemorrhagic-moyamoya-disease-treatment-a-network-meta-analysis
#10
Jiayue Ding, Da Zhou, Eric Eugene Paul Cosky, Liqun Pan, Jingyuan Ya, Zhongao Wang, Kexin Jin, Jingwei Guan, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji, Ran Meng
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic strategies for hemorrhagic moyamoya disease (MMD) management remain controversial. This study aims to investigate the most optimal therapy for hemorrhagic MMD. METHODS: According to the PRISMA statement, we searched through relevant articles and references from Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane database, and a network meta-analysis was performed using R version 3.4.4 software in this study. RESULTS: A total of nine articles (including 1050 patients) were involved in this study...
June 19, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933016/potential-therapeutic-applications-of-the-genus-annona-local-and-traditional-uses-and-pharmacology
#11
REVIEW
A M Quílez, M A Fernández-Arche, M D García-Giménez, R De la Puerta
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Annona species (Annonaceae) have long been used as traditional herbal medicines by native peoples in tropical areas. In different countries they are used against a large variety of illnesses, such as parasitic and infectious diseases, cancer, diabetes, peptic ulcers, and mental disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review aims to achieve a comprehensive understanding of the research conducted so far on the local and traditional uses, pharmacological activities, mechanism of actions of active compounds, toxicity, and possible interactions with other drugs of the Annona species...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932938/quantifying-soft-tissue-changes-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-using-nonionizing-three-dimensional-imaging-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Laurent A M Thierens, Noëmi M C de Roo, Guy A M de Pauw, Nele Brusselaers
PURPOSE: The use of nonionizing 3-dimensional (3D) imaging in cleft lip and palate (CLP) research is well-established; however, general guidelines concerning the assessment of these images are lacking. The aim of the present study was to review the methods for quantification of soft tissue changes on 3D surface images acquired before and after an orthopedic or surgical intervention in CLP patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the databases MEDLINE (through PubMed), CENTRAL, Web of Science, and EMBASE...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932879/prognostic-value-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-heart-failure-patients
#13
Xiqiang Wang, Xiude Fan, Shuaifei Ji, Aiqun Ma, Tingzhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been indicated to be an independent predictor for all-cause mortality or adverse events in a variety of diseases. However, no consistent conclusions regarding it's relevance to patients with heart failure have been made. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the significance of NLR in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Pubmed and Embase databases were searched for eligible studies that reported the association between NLR and heart failure through September 2017...
June 19, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932874/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-patient-reported-outcome-measures-used-on-neck-disorders
#14
Pavlos Bobos, Joy C MacDermid, David M Walton, Anita Gross, P Lina Santaguida
Study Design Overview of systematic reviews. Background The evaluation of psychometric properties of neck Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) will provide a broader view and may identify potential conflicting or consistent results for their psychometric properties. Objective The purpose of this study was to conduct an overview of SRs and synthesize evidence to establish the current state of knowledge on psychometric properties of PROM's for patients with neck disorders...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932862/subchondral-bone-and-the-osteochondral-unit-basic-science-and-clinical-implications-in-sports-medicine
#15
Bryan M Saltzman, Jonathan C Riboh
CONTEXT: Articular cartilage injuries and early osteoarthritis are among the most common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians. Nonetheless, treatment options for articular degeneration are limited once the osteoarthritic cascade has started. Intense research is focused on the use of biologics, cartilage regeneration, and transplantation to help maintain and improve cartilage health. An underappreciated component of joint health is the subchondral bone. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive, nonsystematic review of the published literature was completed via a PubMed/MEDLINE search of the keywords "subchondral" AND "bone" from database inception through December 1, 2016...
June 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932780/over-the-counter-medication-availability-could-augment-self-management-of-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#16
Claus G Roehrborn, Martin M Miner, Richard Sadovsky
In this review, we focus on current trends in the management of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), defined here as LUTS, namely, storage, voiding, and post-micturition symptoms presumed secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and discuss possible novel approaches toward better care. According to results of a PubMed database search covering the last 10 years and using keywords pertaining to male LUTS, this condition continues to be globally undiagnosed or diagnosed late, partly because of men's hesitation to seek help for perceived embarrassing problems or problems considered a normal part of aging...
June 22, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932570/the-patient-centered-medical-home-model-and-diabetes-outcomes-an-integrative-literature-review
#17
Glenmore Hendricks, Andrew P Corr, Annie P Odell, Joy R Goebel
The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize the existing evidence on diabetes care within a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model to evaluate its effectiveness on quality outcomes. Literature published in English between 2005 and 2015 was searched using thefollowing keywords: PCMH and diabetes, comprehensive care, care coordination, patient-centered care, quality and safety, and accessible care. The following databases were searched: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, Cochrane Review, Academic Premier (EBSCO), and Psych INFO...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932455/mobile-phone-based-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-medication-prescribed-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Melissa J Palmer, Sharmani Barnard, Pablo Perel, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and mortality globally. Premature fatal and non-fatal CVD is considered to be largely preventable through the control of risk factors via lifestyle modifications and preventive medication. Lipid-lowering and antihypertensive drug therapies for primary prevention are cost-effective in reducing CVD morbidity and mortality among high-risk people and are recommended by international guidelines. However, adherence to medication prescribed for the prevention of CVD can be poor...
June 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932268/fragmented-qrs-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-intervention-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Pattara Rattanawong, Tanawan Riangwiwat, Narut Prasitlumkum, Nath Limpruttidham, Pakawat Chongsathidkiet, Wasawat Vutthikraivit, Erin Crossey
BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS reflects disturbances in the myocardium predisposing the heart to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Recent studies suggest that fragmented QRS (fQRS) is associated with mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature has not been done. We assessed the association between fQRS and overall mortality in STEMI patients who subsequently underwent PCI by a systematic review and meta-analysis...
June 22, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932239/efficacy-of-different-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-a-network-meta-analysis-involving-826-patients-based-on-10-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Xiao-Jun Cai, Lei Wang, Chun-Mei Hu
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE), a complex neuropsychological complication of cirrhosis, is characterized by delayed reaction time and the inhibition of abnormal response. This network meta-analysis (NMA) was adopted to compare the efficacy of five drugs including lactulose, probiotics, rifaximin, acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC), and L-Ornithine L-aspartate (LOLA) in the treatment of MHE. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched for any existing entail on these five drugs from the inception to February 2018, including Randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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