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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#1
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914799/resonance-frequency-readout-circuit-for-a-900-mhz-saw-device
#2
Heng Liu, Chun Zhang, Zhaoyang Weng, Yanshu Guo, Zhihua Wang
A monolithic resonance frequency readout circuit with high resolution and short measurement time is presented for a 900 MHz RF surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor. The readout circuit is composed of a fractional-N phase-locked loop (PLL) as the stimulus source to the SAW device and a phase-based resonance frequency detecting circuit using successive approximation (SAR). A new resonance frequency searching strategy has been proposed based on the fact that the SAW device phase-frequency response crosses zero monotonically around the resonance frequency...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#3
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910298/adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-poststroke-more-new-granule-cells-but-aberrant-morphology-and-impaired-spatial-memory
#4
Florus Woitke, Mihai Ceanga, Max Rudolph, Fanny Niv, Otto W Witte, Christoph Redecker, Albrecht Kunze, Silke Keiner
Stroke significantly stimulates neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus, though the functional role of this postlesional response is mostly unclear. Recent findings suggest that newborn neurons generated in the context of stroke may fail to correctly integrate into pre-existing networks. We hypothesized that increased neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus following stroke is associated with aberrant neurogenesis and impairment of hippocampus-dependent memory. To address these questions we used the middle cerebral artery occlusion model (MCAO) in mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905431/including-health-promotion-and-illness-prevention-in-medical-education-a-progress-report
#5
Richard Hays
CONTEXT: In 1988, the World Federation of Medical Education called for reform in medical education, publishing 12 recommendations. The sixth recommendation of this Edinburgh Declaration was to 'complement instruction about the management of patients with increased emphasis on promotion of health and prevention of disease'. Thirty years on, this paper reports an exploration of what has changed since then. METHODS: Several search strategies were used, including websites of medical standards organisations, and formal searches of PubMed and Google Scholar using key words such as 'medical education standards', 'health promotion', 'illness prevention', 'effectiveness' and 'assessment'...
September 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905128/women-s-subjective-experiences-of-living-with-vulvodynia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#6
Rebekah Shallcross, Joanne M Dickson, David Nunns, Catharine Mackenzie, Gundi Kiemle
Vulvodynia, the experience of an idiopathic pain in the form of burning, soreness, or throbbing in the vulval area, affects around 4-16% of the population. The current review used systematic search strategies and meta-ethnography as a means of identifying, analyzing, and synthesizing the existing literature pertaining to women's subjective experiences of living with vulvodynia. Four key concepts were identified: (1) Social Constructions: Sex, Women, and Femininity: Women experienced negative consequences of social narratives around womanhood, sexuality, and femininity, including the prioritization of penetrative sex, the belief that it is the role of women to provide sex for men, and media portrayals of sex as easy and natural...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903657/when-wanting-the-best-goes-right-or-wrong-distinguishing-between-adaptive-and-maladaptive-maximization
#7
Jeffrey Hughes, Abigail A Scholer
Researchers have often disagreed on how to define maximization, leading to conflicting conclusions about its potential benefits or drawbacks. Drawing from motivation research, we distinguish between the goals (i.e., wanting the best) and strategies (e.g., alternative search) associated with maximizing. Three studies illustrate how this differentiation offers insight into when maximizers do or do not experience affective costs when making decisions. In Study 1, we show that two motivational orientations, promotion focus and assessment mode, are both associated with the goal of wanting the best, yet assessment (not promotion) is related to the use of alternative search strategies...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#8
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902698/effect-of-educational-and-support-interventions-on-long-term-breastfeeding-rates-in-primiparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Shahla Meedya, Ritin Fernandez, Kathleen Fahy
BACKGROUND: Long-term breastfeeding, including exclusive breastfeeding for six months and continuation of breastfeeding with complementary food until two years of age, has been recommended by the World Health Organization. However, despite the clear benefits of long-term breastfeeding (six months and beyond), the rates of breastfeeding still continue to remain low. Although there are some individual interventional studies that aimed to increase prolonged breastfeeding rates among both multiparous and primiparous women, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis to examine the effectiveness of those interventions among primiparous women who had no previous breastfeeding experience...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901283/a-systematic-review-of-religious-beliefs-about-major-end-of-life-issues-in-the-five-major-world-religions
#10
Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Areej R El-Jawahri, Mark R Litzow, Karen L Syrjala, Aric D Parnes, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the religious/spiritual beliefs of followers of the five major world religions about frequently encountered medical situations at the end of life (EoL). METHOD: This was a systematic review of observational studies on the religious aspects of commonly encountered EoL situations. The databases used for retrieving studies were: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901143/scanning-quadrupole-data-independent-acquisition-part-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-characterization
#11
M Arthur Moseley, Christopher J Hughes, Praveen R Juvvadi, Erik J Soderblom, Sarah Lennon, Simon R Perkins, J Will Thompson, William J Steinbach, Scott J Geromanos, Jason Wildgoose, James I Langridge, Keith Richardson, Johannes P C Vissers
A novel data independent acquisition (DIA) method incorporating a scanning quadrupole in front of a collision cell and orthogonal acceleration time-of-flight mass analyzer is described. The method has been characterized for the qualitative and quantitative label-free proteomic analysis of typical complex biological samples. The principle of the scanning quadrupole DIA method is discussed and analytical instrument characteristics, such as the quadrupole transmission width, scan/integration time, and chromatographic separation, have been optimized in relation to sample complexity for a number of different model proteomes of varying complexity and dynamic range including human plasma, cell lines, and bacteria...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899803/humanistic-and-cost-burden-of-systemic-sclerosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Aryeh Fischer, Evelina Zimovetz, Caroline Ling, Dirk Esser, Nils Schoof
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc), or systemic scleroderma, is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease characterised by widespread vascular injury and progressive fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Patients with SSc have decreased survival, with pulmonary involvement as the main cause of death. Current treatments for SSc manage a range of symptoms but not the cause of the disease. Our review describes the humanistic and cost burden of SSc. METHODS: A structured review of the literature was conducted, using predefined search strategies to search PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library...
September 9, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899574/orbital-implants-in-enucleation-surgery-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#13
Edward J Wladis, Vinay K Aakalu, Rachel K Sobel, Michael T Yen, Jurij R Bilyk, Louise A Mawn
PURPOSE: To compare the motility and complication rates of porous and nonporous implants after enucleation surgery. METHODS: Literature searches of the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were last performed in February 2017 to identify studies published between 2003 and 2017 on outcomes after enucleation surgeries in which a variety implants were used. The searches were limited to the English language with abstracts and yielded 43 articles, which the Ophthalmic Technology Assessment Committee Oculoplastics and Orbit Panel reviewed for relevancy...
September 9, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898418/matrix-metalloproteinase-8-levels-in-periodontal-disease-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
E F de Morais, J C Pinheiro, R B Leite, P P A Santos, C A G Barboza, R A Freitas
Periodontal disease is characterized as a disorder of the oral microbiota resulting in an immune response which, in turn, leads to the destruction of periodontal tissue. Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) has been reported as the major metalloproteinase involved in periodontal disease, being present at high levels in gingival crevicular fluid and salivary fluid (SF). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the scientific literature regarding the expression of MMP-8 in gingival crevicular fluid and SF in patients with periodontal disease, analyzing its validity as a possible biomarker in the diagnosis of periodontal disease...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894462/a-novel-strategy-for-minimum-attribute-reduction-based-on-rough-set-theory-and-fish-swarm-algorithm
#16
Yuebin Su, Jin Guo
For data mining, reducing the unnecessary redundant attributes which was known as attribute reduction (AR), in particular, reducts with minimal cardinality, is an important preprocessing step. In the paper, by a coding method of combination subset of attributes set, a novel search strategy for minimal attribute reduction based on rough set theory (RST) and fish swarm algorithm (FSA) is proposed. The method identifies the core attributes by discernibility matrix firstly and all the subsets of noncore attribute sets with the same cardinality were encoded into integers as the individuals of FSA...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893741/prevention-and-assessment-of-infectious-diseases-among-children-and-adult-migrants-arriving-to-the-european-union-european-economic-association-a-protocol-for-a-suite-of-systematic-reviews-for-public-health-and-health-systems
#17
Kevin Pottie, Alain D Mayhew, Rachael L Morton, Christina Greenaway, Elie A Akl, Prinon Rahman, Dominik Zenner, Manish Pareek, Peter Tugwell, Vivian Welch, Joerg Meerpohl, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Charles Hui, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Ana Requena-Méndez, Eric Agbata, Teymur Noori, Holger J Schünemann
INTRODUCTION: The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is developing evidence-based guidance for voluntary screening, treatment and vaccine prevention of infectious diseases for newly arriving migrants to the European Union/European Economic Area. The objective of this systematic review protocol is to guide the identification, appraisal and synthesis of the best available evidence on prevention and assessment of the following priority infectious diseases: tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis (polio), Haemophilus influenza disease, strongyloidiasis and schistosomiasis...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892119/prophylactic-chemotherapy-for-hydatidiform-mole-to-prevent-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia
#18
REVIEW
Qiuyi Wang, Jing Fu, Lina Hu, Fang Fang, Lingxia Xie, Hengxi Chen, Fan He, Taixiang Wu, Theresa A Lawrie
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review published in Cochrane Library, Issue 10, 2012.Hydatidiform mole (HM), also called a molar pregnancy, is characterised by an overgrowth of foetal chorionic tissue within the uterus. HMs may be partial (PM) or complete (CM) depending on their gross appearance, histopathology and karyotype. PMs usually have a triploid karyotype, derived from maternal and paternal origins, whereas CMs are diploid and have paternal origins only...
September 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890343/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-breast-reduction-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
James Zapata-Copete, Santiago Aguilera-Mosquera, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and harm of using antibiotic prophylaxis versus placebo or no intervention in patients undergoing breast reduction surgery to prevent surgical site infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search strategy was conducted in the MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, and LILACS databases. Searches were also conducted in other databases and unpublished literature. Clinical trials were included without language restrictions. The risk of bias was evaluated with the Cochrane Collaboration's tool...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888754/effect-of-antioxidant-supplementation-on-the-auditory-threshold-in-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis
#20
Maria Eduarda Di Cavalcanti Alves de Souza, Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Augusto Vitorino, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is conceptualized as any impairment of the ability to hear and/or detect speech or environment sounds, regardless of cause, type, or degree. It may occur at different stages of life; during pregnancy or childbirth, in childhood, adulthood or old age. It should be noted that aging is the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss followed by noise-induced hearing loss, and both are closely related to the formation of reactive oxygen species. Dietary antioxidant supplementation has been employed as a therapeutic strategy to prevent and/or delay the risks of major human diseases...
August 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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