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"Library research"

Viktor Senderov, Kiril Simov, Nico Franz, Pavel Stoev, Terry Catapano, Donat Agosti, Guido Sautter, Robert A Morris, Lyubomir Penev
BACKGROUND: The biodiversity domain, and in particular biological taxonomy, is moving in the direction of semantization of its research outputs. The present work introduces OpenBiodiv-O, the ontology that serves as the basis of the OpenBiodiv Knowledge Management System. Our intent is to provide an ontology that fills the gaps between ontologies for biodiversity resources, such as DarwinCore-based ontologies, and semantic publishing ontologies, such as the SPAR Ontologies. We bridge this gap by providing an ontology focusing on biological taxonomy...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Ming-Feng Lee, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
BACKGROUND: The negative attitudes of the general public toward mental illness frequently influence the integration of mental illness patients into the community. Auditory hallucination simulation may be considered as a creative teaching strategy to improve the attitudes of learners toward mental illness. However, the empirical effects of auditory hallucination simulation to change the negative attitudes toward mental illness remains uncertain. PURPOSE: To compare and analyze, using a systematic review and meta-analysis, the effectiveness of auditory hallucination simulation in improving empathy, knowledge, social distance, and attitudes toward mental illness in undergraduates...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Lik Hang Yuen, Raphael M Franzini
DNA-encoded chemical libraries (DECLs) are pools of DNA-tagged small molecules that enable facile screening and identification of bio-macromolecule binders. The successful development of DECLs has led to their increasingly important role in drug development, and screening hits have entered clinical trials. In this review, we summarize the development and currently active research areas of DECLs with a focus on contributions from groups at academic institutes. We further look at opportunities and future directions of DECL research in medicinal chemistry and chemical biology based on the symbiotic relationship between academia and industry...
May 4, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Sally Sheldon
Evidence suggests that there is widespread home use of abortion pills in Ireland and that ending a pregnancy in this way is potentially safer than the alternatives available to many women. This paper argues that there is a strong case for women with unwanted pregnancies to be offered truthful and objective information regarding the use of abortion pills by trusted local professionals and, further, that this is possible within existing law. A move in this direction would not, however, negate the need for legal reform to address the fundamental moral incoherence of a law that treats women who terminate pregnancies within Ireland as criminals but those who travel to access services overseas as victims in need of support...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
Nicholas J Guido, Steven Handerson, Elaine M Joseph, Devin Leake, Li A Kung
The fields of antibody engineering, enzyme optimization and pathway construction rely increasingly on screening complex variant DNA libraries. These highly diverse libraries allow researchers to sample a maximized sequence space; and therefore, more rapidly identify proteins with significantly improved activity. The current state of the art in synthetic biology allows for libraries with billions of variants, pushing the limits of researchers' ability to qualify libraries for screening by measuring the traditional quality metrics of fidelity and diversity of variants...
2016: PloS One
David Dammery
BACKGROUND: A household phrase of yesteryear was the doctor's 'little black bag'. Where did this phrase come from and how did it evolve? OBJECTIVE: The objective of the article is to outline the history of the medical bag and its contents, from early times to the present day, by using library research methodology. DISCUSSION: The first mention of a medical bag is in the Hippocratic Corpus around 350 BCE. This demonstrates that since ancient times, medical practitioners have carried some equipment and medications with them when they visited their patients, the exact contents changing over time...
September 2016: Australian Family Physician
Fahimeh Kalbasi-Isfahani, Mohsen Deleer
BACKGROUND: The "Sex-Reassignment Surgery" is a solution that besides behavioral therapy has been suggested to people suffering from gender identity disorders in recent years. In Iran, this trend has become more popular over the past years due to the inclination to reach to the goal rapidly with less effort and also the surgery has attracted many patients with the problem. Religious clerics have tried to determine the religious doctrines for this practice and as a result a group of them favor an absolute permission while others choose prohibition and some of them favor a middle path...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Marianna Diomidous, Kostis Chardalias, Adrianna Magita, Panagiotis Koutonias, Paraskevi Panagiotopoulou, John Mantas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Over the past two decades there was an upsurge of the use of Internet in human life. With this continuous development, Internet users are able to communicate with any part of the globe, to shop online, to use it as a mean of education, to work remotely and to conduct financial transactions. Unfortunately, this rapid development of the Internet has a detrimental impact in our life, which leads to various phenomena such as cyber bullying, cyber porn, cyber suicide, Internet addiction, social isolation, cyber racism etc...
February 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Roberto Biagi, Gianguido Cossellu, Michele Sarcina, Ilaria Tina Pizzamiglio, Giampietro Farronato
The purpose of this literature review was to evaluate the effectiveness of the laser-assisted treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. A review with inclusion and exclusion criteria was performed from January 2009 to December 2014 with electronic data-bases: MedLine via PubMed, Science Direct and Cochrane Library. Research of paper magazines by hand was not considered. Forty-three articles were selected between literature reviews, in vitro studies, clinical trials, pilot and preliminary studies. The items were divided into laser-used groups for an accurate description, and then the reading of results into various typologies...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
Alessandra C Faria-Campos, Luciene B Balottin, Gianlucca Zuin, Vinicius Garcia, Paulo H S Batista, José M Granjeiro, Sérgio V A Campos
BACKGROUND: Cytotoxicity assays have been used by researchers to screen for cytotoxicity in compound libraries. Researchers can either look for cytotoxic compounds or screen "hits" from initial high-throughput drug screens for unwanted cytotoxic effects before investing in their development as a pharmaceutical. These assays may be used as an alternative to animal experimentation and are becoming increasingly important in modern laboratories. However, the execution of these assays in large scale and different laboratories requires, among other things, the management of protocols, reagents, cell lines used as well as the data produced, which can be a challenge...
2015: BMC Bioinformatics
Joshua E Richardson, Daina R Bouquin, Lyubov L Tmanova, Drew Wright
PURPOSE: The study evaluated medical students' familiarity with information literacy and informatics during the health sciences library orientation. METHODS: A survey was fielded at the start of the 2013 school year. RESULTS: Seventy-two of 77 students (94%) completed the survey. Over one-half (57%) expected to use library research materials and services. About half (43%) expected to use library physical space. Students preferred accessing biomedical research on laptops and learning via online-asynchronous modes...
October 2015: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Jung-Hun Lim, Sung-Min Lim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to summarize and analyze the usage of and the satisfaction levels with combined treatment including Oriental and Western medicine. METHODS: We searched studies on the usage of and the satisfaction levels with combined treatment including Oriental and Western medicine over the past 10 yrs (2001-2011) from 3 Korean databases (National Assembly Library, Research Information Service System, and National Discovery for Science Leaders). The reviewers also conducted a summarizing analysis by sampling the literature according to the type of study, study period, region, study subjects, sample size, type of sampling, research method, data analysis, study instruments, main results, etc...
September 2012: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Alessandra Teixeira Dias, Priscila de Oliveira Matta, Wilma Aparecida Nunes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: ICU is the hospital sectors that have interrupt assistance. Assistance with quality is a challenge for those who run human resources. It is also important to know the risk of the patient to the better use of resources. The aim of this study is to identify most used severity indexes in intensive care and classify them according with their finality METHODS: Library research (medline), using the key words: "Scoring systems and ICU". The articles were selected in the period from March to May 2005...
September 2006: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Genevieve C Van de Bittner, Emily L Ricq, Jacob M Hooker
Decades after its discovery, positron emission tomography (PET) remains the premier tool for imaging neurochemistry in living humans. Technological improvements in radiolabeling methods, camera design, and image analysis have kept PET in the forefront. In addition, the use of PET imaging has expanded because researchers have developed new radiotracers that visualize receptors, transporters, enzymes, and other molecular targets within the human brain. However, of the thousands of proteins in the central nervous system (CNS), researchers have successfully imaged fewer than 40 human proteins...
October 21, 2014: Accounts of Chemical Research
Christine S Gaspard, Katherine A Prentice
The integration of librarians into allied health programs presents many exciting opportunities for collaboration. This column will describe how a library instruction program is integrated into the occupational therapy, respiratory care, and physical therapy curricula at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. The allied health faculty have welcomed and recognized the librarians' expertise in teaching evidence-based practice and library research skills.
2014: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Paul Dhillon
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current options for postgraduate third-year programs in family medicine in Canada and compile current controversies about the expanding number of programs available and the trend toward subspecialization in family medicine. DESIGN: A literature search was conducted by the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region Library research staff for Canadian family medicine fellowships and residency programs using MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from the beginning of 2005 to September 1, 2011...
September 2013: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Jian Wang, Hong-Ping Chen, You-Ping Liu, Zheng Wei, Rong Liu, Dan-Qing Fan
This experiment shows how to use the automated mass spectral deconvolution & identification system (AMDIS) to deconvolve the overlapped peaks in the total ion chromatogram (TIC) of volatile oil from Chineses materia medica (CMM). The essential oil was obtained by steam distillation. Its TIC was gotten by GC-MS, and the superimposed peaks in TIC were deconvolved by AMDIS. First, AMDIS can detect the number of components in TIC through the run function. Then, by analyzing the extracted spectrum of corresponding scan point of detected component and the original spectrum of this scan point, and their counterparts' spectra in the referred MS Library, researchers can ascertain the component's structure accurately or deny some compounds, which don't exist in nature...
May 2013: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Zenobia C Y Chan, Ying-tung Chan, Chun-wa Lui, Ho-zhi Yu, Yat-fung Law, Kwan-lok Cheung, Ka-kui Hung, Sung-ho Kei, Kai-hang Yu, Wai-ming Woo, Chun-tung Lam
OBJECTIVES: Nursing is often regarded as a female-dominated profession. Many nursing curricula are received by mainly female students. It is uncertain how male students behave in this environment of nursing education in hospitals and universities. This article aimed to review gender differences in the academic and clinical performances of undergraduate nursing students. DESIGN: A systematic review was assessed and different themes were extracted by inductive approach...
March 2014: Nurse Education Today
Nitesh Chauhan, Sabeeya Moin, Anushree Pandey, Ashu Mittal, Umakant Bajaj
Drug information centre refer to facility specially set aside for, and specializing in the provision of drug information and related issues. The purpose of drug information center is to provide authentic individualized, accurate, relevant and unbiased drug information to the consumers and healthcare professionals regarding medication related inquiries to the nation for health care and drug safety aspects by answering their call regarding the all critical problems on drug information, their uses and their side effects...
April 2013: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
Ning Zhao, Li Cai
RNA interference is a homologous mRNA special degradation phenomenon which is caused by the double-stranded RNA. RNAi library is a pooled library that is artificially constructed using RNAi technology. As RNAi library has made a major breakthrough in the field of genetic research, it has been widely used in the field of medical research, especially in the field of cancer research. This review discussed the research progress of RNAi library and its applications in cancer research.
February 20, 2013: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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