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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668505/comparison-of-functional-results-after-cross-face-nerve-graft-spinal-accessory-nerve-and-masseter-nerve-innervated-gracilis-for-facial-paralysis-reconstruction-the-chang-gung-experience
#1
David Chwei-Chin Chuang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Vincent G Laurence
BACKGROUND: Using functioning free muscle transplantation (FFMT) for facial paralysis and postparalysis facial synkinesis reconstruction is our preferred technique. Gracilis was the first choice of muscle. Three motor neurotizers: cross-face nerve graft (CFNG), spinal accessory nerve (XI) and masseter nerve (V3) have been used as neurotizers for different indications. METHODS: A total of 362 cases of facial reanimation with FFMT were performed between 1986 and 2015...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659160/the-accessory-nerve-a-comprehensive-review-of-its-anatomy-development-variations-landmarks-and-clinical-considerations
#2
Jaspreet Johal, Joe Iwanaga, Kevin Tubbs, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: The eleventh cranial nerve, the accessory nerve, has a complex and unique anatomy and has been the subject of much debate. Herein, we review the morphology, embryology, surgical anatomy and clinical manifestations of the accessory nerve. Included in this review, we mention variant anatomy, molecular development, histology, and imaging of the accessory nerve. CONCLUSIONS: The accessory nerve continues to be a topic of much discussion regarding its exact function and in particular to its cranial roots...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652302/-results-of-a-multicenter-study-on-the-efficacy-of-cortexin-in-treatment-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-children
#3
V P Zykov, E B Serebrennikova, T N Panchenko, Ya B Sycheva, S N Presnyakova, E L Mazur, M N Salova, E S Golubeva, S K Khromova
AIM: To study the efficacy and tolerability of cortexin in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 635 patients, aged 3-7 years. Patients were divided into 4 clinical groups: group 1 (269 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)), group 2 (215 children with speech delay), group 3 (82 patients with the consequences of a perinatal lesion of the central nervous system), group 4 (69 patients with asthenic/neurotic syndrome)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642625/analysis-of-sociodemographic-psychological-and-genetic-factors-contributing-to-depressive-symptoms-in-pre-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#4
Elżbieta Grochans, Małgorzata Szkup, Artur Kotwas, Jacek Kopeć, Beata Karakiewicz, Anna Jurczak
Depressive symptoms that are faced by women in the pre-, peri-, and postmenopausal periods are determined by a wide array of sociodemographic, psychological, and biological variables. The aim of our study was to identify factors that contribute to depressive problems at this stage of life. The study included 815 healthy Polish women aged 45-60 years. The survey part was conducted using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and a self-developed questionnaire...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624714/two-cases-of-discrete-adenoid-pseudogland-formation-within-benign-intradermal-melanocytic-nevi
#5
Jonathan C Banta, Justin P Bandino
We report two cases of benign intradermal melanocytic nevi with discrete glandular elements and mucin deposition engendering a diagnostic dilemma. The preliminary differential included entrapment of adnexal structures, collision with an adnexal neoplasm such as adenoid cystic carcinoma, or metastatic adenocarcinoma. A colloidal iron special stain confirmed the deposition of mucin, however a pankeratin AE1/AE3 immunohistochemical cocktail was surprisingly negative. Closer cytological examination of the discrete "glands" combined with nearby pseudoangiomatous (almost Kaposiform) change hinted at melanocytic origin, and was confirmed with a positive MART-1 immunohistochemical stain...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607791/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-risk-for-psychiatric-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-siblings
#6
Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Petteri Joelsson, Auli Suominen, Alan S Brown, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Probands with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for several psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. The risk of these disorders among the siblings of probands has not been thoroughly assessed in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Every child born in Finland in 1991-2005 and diagnosed with ADHD in 1995-2011 were identified from national registers. Each case was matched with four controls on sex, place, and date of birth...
April 2, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603205/neuroticism-and-marital-satisfaction-during-the-early-years-of-chinese-marriage-the-mediating-roles-of-marital-attribution-and-aggression
#7
Hongjian Cao, Xiaojiao Yuan, Mark Fine, Nan Zhou, Xiaoyi Fang
On the basis of three annual waves of data obtained from 268 Chinese couples, we tested an actor-partner interdependence mediation model in which spouses' neuroticism was linked to their own and partners' marital satisfaction through both intrapersonal processes (i.e., marital attribution) and interpersonal processes (i.e., marital aggression). Considering intra- and interpersonal processes simultaneously, four indirect, mediating pathways were identified: Time 1 Wives' Neuroticism → Time 2 Wives' Attribution or Aggression, while controlling for Time 1 Wives' Attribution or Aggression → Time 3 Wives' or Husbands' Marital Satisfaction, while controlling for Time 1 Wives' or Husbands' Marital Satisfaction...
March 30, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595736/cranial-nerve-coactivation-and-implication-for-nerve-transfers-to-the-facial-nerve
#8
David Jensson, Sara Enghag, Nina Bylund, Lars Jonsson, Johan Wikström, Margareta Grindlund, Roland Flink, Andres Rodriguez-Lorenzo
In reanimation surgery, effortless smile can be achieved by a nonfacial donor nerve. The underlying mechanisms for this smile development, and which is the best nonfacial neurotizer, need further clarification. The aim of the present study was therefore to further explore the natural coactivation between facial mimic muscles and muscles innervated by the most common donor nerves used in smile reanimation. The study was conducted in 10 healthy adults. Correlation between voluntary facial muscle movements and simultaneous electromyographic activity in muscles innervated by the masseter, hypoglossal, and spinal accessory nerves was assessed...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595331/vegetarianism-depression-and-the-five-factor-model-of-personality
#9
Catherine A Forestell, John B Nezlek
This study investigated whether vegetarians and omnivores differ in their personality characteristics. We measured the five factor model of personality and depressive symptoms in vegetarians, who avoided meat and fish (n = 276); semi-vegetarians, who ate some meat and/or fish (n = 1191); and omnivores (n = 4955). Although vegetarians and semi-vegetarians were more open to new experiences, they were more neurotic and depressed than omnivores. Neither conscientiousness nor agreeableness varied as a function of dietary habits...
March 29, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581226/cause-specific-mortality-in-swedish-males-diagnosed-with-non-psychotic-mental-disorders-in-late-adolescence-a-prospective-population-based-study
#10
Malin Henriksson, Jenny Nyberg, Linus Schiöler, Gunnel Hensing, Georg H Kuhn, Mia Söderberg, Kjell Torén, Jesper Löve, Margda Waern, Maria Åberg
BACKGROUND: While risk of premature death is most pronounced among persons with severe mental illness, also milder conditions are associated with increased all-cause mortality. We examined non-psychotic mental (NPM) disorders and specific causes of natural death in a cohort of late adolescent men followed for up to 46 years. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of Swedish males (n=1 784 626) who took part in structured conscription interviews 1968-2005. 74 525 men were diagnosed with NPM disorders at or prior to conscription...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555338/neuroticism-is-associated-with-altered-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-amygdala-following-acute-stress-exposure
#11
Yituo Wang, Yuyang Zhu, Pinhong Chen, Feng Yan, Shanshan Chen, Gongjie Li, Xiangjun Hu, Lubin Wang, Zheng Yang
The amygdala, a subcortical structure responsible for fear and vigilance, is central to the stress circuitry. Aberrant amygdala connectivity with the cortical and subcortical regions is found in patients with stress-related disorders, and in healthy subjects following acute stress exposure. However, the extent to which the stress-induced alteration of amygdala functional connectivity correlates with risk-related personality measures remains unclear. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we evaluated the effect of acute stress, induced by aversive movies accompanied by a mild electric shock, on the functional connectivity of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and centromedial amygdala (CMA) in 35 healthy men, and assessed the association between changes in amygdala functional connectivity and individual differences in neuroticism...
March 16, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544672/prevalence-and-correlates-of-low-grade-systemic-inflammation-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-an-electronic-health-record-based-study
#12
Emanuele F Osimo, Rudolf N Cardinal, Peter B Jones, Golam M Khandaker
Low-grade inflammation is a risk factor for depression, psychosis and other major psychiatric disorders. It is associated with poor response to antidepressant and antipsychotics, and could potentially be a treatment target. However, there is limited data on the prevalence of low-grade inflammation in major psychiatric disorders, and on the characteristics of patients who show evidence of inflammation. We examined the prevalence of low-grade inflammation and associated socio-demographic and clinical factors in acute psychiatric inpatients...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543492/social-integration-perceived-discrimination-and-self-esteem-in-mid-and-later-life-intersections-with-age-and-neuroticism
#13
Jeffrey E Stokes
OBJECTIVES: Social relations can influence well-being throughout the life course. Integration in one's community may serve as a source of social support whereas negative interactions such as day-to-day discrimination can be psychosocial stressors, particularly for neurotic persons. Yet social connectedness may vary in importance across the age range. Individuals trim their social networks in later life to optimize emotional well-being, but older adults may also be at heightened risk of social isolation...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529263/social-networks-role-relationships-and-personality-in-older-adulthood
#14
James Iveniuk
Objectives: This article examines the implications of personality traits for social network connectedness in older adulthood, across different social relationships. Methods: This article uses data from the National Social Life Health and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally-representative, longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older Americans (N = 2,261). Network characteristics were predicted using Poisson and negative binomial regression (for network size) as well as multilevel identity-linked and ordinal-logit-linked regressions (for tie strength)...
February 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521743/painful-neuroma-treatment-of-the-supraorbital-nerve-and-forehead-neurotization-using-human-cadaveric-nerve-allograft
#15
Samer Bassilios Habre, James Bradford Depew, Robert D Wallace, Petros Konofaos
Neuroma pain can be severe, persistent, and treatment-resistant. Forehead and scalp anesthesia is troublesome for patients. Following an iatrogenic ablative injury to the right supraorbital nerve, with subsequent painful neuroma formation, a human cadaveric nerve allograft (AxoGen, Alachua, FL) was used to restore sensation of the right forehead and treat pain. At 1-year follow-up, the patient was pain-free, and protective sensation to the right forehead was recovered with comparable static and dynamic 2-point discrimination between the injured (20 mm, 12 mm respectively) and the normal side (15 mm, 10 mm respectively)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514629/the-determinants-of-individual-health-care-expenditures-in-prison-evidence-from-switzerland
#16
Karine Moschetti, Véra Zabrodina, Tenzin Wangmo, Alberto Holly, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Bernice S Elger, Bruno Gravier
BACKGROUND: Prison health systems are subject to increasing pressures given the specific health needs of a growing and aging prison population. Identifying the drivers of medical spending among incarcerated individuals is therefore key for health care governance in prisons. This study assesses the determinants of individual health care expenditures within the prisons of the canton of Vaud, a large region of Switzerland. METHODS: We use a unique dataset linking demographic and prison stay characteristics as well as objective measures of morbidity to detailed medical invoice data...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511489/the-effect-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-recovery-of-skeletal-muscle-after-neurotization-surgery-in-rat
#17
Gholam Hossein Farjah, Farzaneh Fazli, Mojtaba Karimipour, Bagher Pourheidar, Behnam Heshmatiyan, Maryam Pourheidar
Objectives: When the nerve is injured near its entrance to the muscle belly, we cannot perform conventional methods. One useful method in such a situation is neurotization surgery. In this study, Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) implanted into the paralyzed muscle after neurotization surgery. These cells can stimulate axon growth and motor endplate formation, also prevent muscle atrophy. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into six groups: intact group, sham surgery group, control group, DMEM group, cell+DMEM group, denervated group...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488029/incidence-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-accompanied-and-unaccompanied-asylum-seeking-children-in-denmark-a-nation-wide-register-based-cohort-study
#18
Marie Norredam, Laura Nellums, Runa Schmidt Nielsen, Stine Byberg, Jørgen Holm Petersen
One in four asylum applicants in Europe are children, and 23% of whom are unaccompanied and may be at increased risk of mental illness. This study contributes to the limited evidence base by comparing the incidence of psychiatric disorders among unaccompanied and accompanied refugee children. We linked a cohort of refugee children who obtained right of residency in Denmark between 01 January 1993 and 31 December 2010 to the Danish Psychiatric Central Register, and calculated incidence rates per 100,000 person years and incidence rate ratios of overall psychiatric disorder, psychotic disorders, affective disorders, and neurotic disorders for accompanied and unaccompanied minors using Poisson regression...
February 27, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486640/the-level-of-personality-organization-and-revictimization-in-lives-of-child-sexual-abuse-survivors
#19
Agnieszka Izdebska, Maria Beisert
Previous research has documented that women who were sexually abused in childhood are also often victims of sexual abuse in adulthood. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between the phenomenon of sexual revictimization and personality organization (PO) conceptualized in accordance with the Otto Kernberg's theory. The central hypothesis was that women with borderline personality organization (BPO) and neurotic personality organization (NPO) differ in terms of the occurrence of revictimization and its features...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481387/sifting-through-the-evidence-a-comprehensive-review-and-analysis-of-neurotization-in-breast-reconstruction
#20
Jason M Weissler, Peter F Koltz, Martin J Carney, Joseph M Serletti, Liza C Wu
BACKGROUND: An untoward outcome following breast reconstruction is diminished or complete loss of sensation. As the reconstructive paradigm continues to evolve, sensory restoration following reconstruction remains a research focus. Despite the multitude of published outcomes, there is marked heterogeneity across studies, thus confounding published outcomes. This study critically appraises the literature to summarize outcomes and establish a framework to guide clinical practice and future research...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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