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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236136/occupational-class-and-the-changing-patterns-of-hospitalization-for-affective-and-neurotic-disorders-a-nationwide-register-based-study-of-the-finnish-working-age-population-1976-2010
#1
Pekka Varje, Anne Kouvonen, Lauri Kokkinen, Aki Koskinen, Ari Väänänen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the long-term changes and socioeconomic disparities in hospitalization for affective and neurotic disorders among the Finnish working-age population from 1976 to 2010. METHODS: Register-based study, consisting of a 5-year follow-up of 3,223,624 Finnish working-age (18-64-year old) individuals in seven consecutive cohorts. We calculated the hazard ratios of psychiatric hospitalization for different occupational classes using Cox regression models...
December 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211115/acute-stress-disorder-and-defense-mechanisms-a-study-of-physical-trauma-patients-admitted-to-an-emergency-hospital
#2
Márcia Rosane Moreira Santana, Cleonice Zatti, Mariana Lunardi Spader, Bibiana Godoi Malgarim, Emílio Salle, Renato Piltcher, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Andre Goettems Bastos, Lúcia Helena Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Acute stress disorder (ASD) encompasses a set of symptoms that can arise in individuals after exposure to a traumatic event. This study assessed the defense mechanisms used by victims of physical trauma who developed ASD. METHOD: This was a controlled cross-sectional study of 146 patients who suffered physical trauma and required hospitalization. A structured questionnaire was used to evaluate ASD symptoms based on DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, in addition to the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ)...
December 4, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194285/endoscopic-corneal-neurotization-technique-and-initial-experience
#3
Ilya Leyngold, Christopher Weller, Mark Leyngold, Mark Tabor
PURPOSE: The authors describe a minimally invasive surgical technique to re-establish corneal sensibility in a patient with neurotrophic keratopathy with the supraorbital nerve harvested endoscopically. METHODS: Pedicled contralateral supraorbital nerve was harvested endoscopically through small eyelid crease and scalp incisions and transferred to the affected eye. RESULTS: Endoscopic corneal neurotization was successfully performed with restoration of corneal sensibility and corneal epithelial integrity...
November 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179656/end-to-side-neurotization-with-the-phrenic-nerve-in-restoring-the-function-of-toe-extension-an-experimental-study-in-a-rat-model
#4
Xiaotian Jia, Chao Chen, Jianyun Yang, Cong Yu
The phrenic nerve being transferred to the posterior division of the lower trunk with end-to-end neurorrhaphy is reported to be effective in restoring the function of digit extension in literature. However, the phrenic nerve is extremely important in respiration. We designed an animal experiment to discover whether the phrenic nerve being transferred to the posterior division of the lower trunk with end-to-side neurotization was feasible and provided the theoretical basis. A sum of 36 Sprague-Dawley rats was randomly assigned to one of two groups...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174040/the-impact-of-the-2008-economic-crisis-on-the-increasing-number-of-young-psychiatric-inpatients
#5
Alvaro Medel-Herrero, Manuel Gomez-Beneyto
BACKGROUND: Little is published about the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on mental health services in Spain. METHOD: An interrupted time series analysis was conducted to investigate a potential short-term association between the 2008 economic crisis and the number of psychiatric hospital admissions. The timing of the intervention (April 2008) was based on observed changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Data on 1,152,880 psychiatric inpatients from the national Hospital Morbidity Survey, 69 months before and after the onset of the economic crisis (April 2008), were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167652/eye-contact-and-fear-of-being-laughed-at-in-a-gaze-discrimination-task
#6
Jorge Torres-Marín, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Acosta, Juan Lupiáñez
Current approaches conceptualize gelotophobia as a personality trait characterized by a disproportionate fear of being laughed at by others. Consistently with this perspective, gelotophobes are also described as neurotic and introverted and as having a paranoid tendency to anticipate derision and mockery situations. Although research on gelotophobia has significantly progressed over the past two decades, no evidence exists concerning the potential effects of gelotophobia in reaction to eye contact. Previous research has pointed to difficulties in discriminating gaze direction as the basis of possible misinterpretations of others' intentions or mental states...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130029/turking-overtime-how-participant-characteristics-and-behavior-vary-over-time-and-day-on-amazon-mechanical-turk
#7
Antonio A Arechar, Gordon Kraft-Todd, David G Rand
Online experiments allow researchers to collect datasets at times not typical of laboratory studies. We recruit 2,336 participants from Amazon Mechanical Turk to examine if participant characteristics and behaviors differ depending on whether the experiment is conducted during the day versus night, and on weekdays versus weekends. Participants make incentivized decisions involving prosociality, punishment, and discounting, and complete a demographic and personality survey. We find no time or day differences in behavior, but do find that participants at nights and on weekends are less experienced with online studies; on weekends are less reflective; and at night are less conscientious and more neurotic...
July 2017: Journal of the Economic Science Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125208/understanding-the-distressed-prostate-cancer-patient-role-of-personality
#8
Laura M Perry, Michael Hoerger, Jonathan Silberstein, Oliver Sartor, Paul Duberstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality and emotional distress in prostate cancer. Neuroticism and introversion were hypothesized to be associated with clinically significant symptoms of emotional distress, including depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Men with a history of prostate cancer (n=212) completed an NIH-funded cross-sectional study using well-validated measures of personality, depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation...
November 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093580/mental-condition-and-specificity-of-mental-disorders-in-a-group-of-workers-from-southern-poland-a-research-report
#9
Bernadetta Izydorczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to provide empirical evidence regarding types and increasing prevalence of mental disorders affecting Polish working population in the years 2014-2016. The research questions concerned the specific characteristics of the types of mental disorders and their prevalence as well as the differences between males and females. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Types of mental disorders were investigated using a clinical method, a structured interview, as well as medical record data gathered in the years 2014-2016 in one mental health treatment center...
October 30, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064798/anhedonia-at-experimental-models-of-chronic-stress-and-its-correction
#10
Ruslan V Lutsenko, Antonina H Sydorenko, Viktor M Bobyriov
INTRODUCTION: Different types of chronic stress lead to neurotic and depressive disorders. Key symptoms of these disorders are anhedonia and correction of which will indicate the efficacy of proposed therapy. The aim of the paper is to investigate the influence of amide 2-hydroxy-N-naftalen-1-il-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden) and ethyl ether 4-[2-hydroxy-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihidro-indole-3-iliden)-acetamin]-butyric acid on anhedonia after the experimental neurosis and chronic moderate stress in rats...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058272/personality-traits-and-dysfunctional-construal-of-online-health-promotion-messages
#11
Yaeeun Lee, John E Kurtz
PURPOSE: With the Internet becoming increasingly popular as a source of information, blogs offering healthy lifestyle techniques and knowledge have become popular and accessible. Despite their focus on health, these blogs portray content that may be negatively construed by viewers, especially those with or at risk for eating disorders. The present study investigated changes in affect and self-esteem after viewing a prototypic health blog. Personality traits, specifically neuroticism and conscientiousness, were also investigated...
October 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053558/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-reveals-corneal-reinnervation-after-treatment-of-neurotrophic-keratopathy-with-corneal-neurotization
#12
Simon S M Fung, Joseph Catapano, Uri Elbaz, Ronald M Zuker, Gregory H Borschel, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To document the presence and location of new sensory nerve fibers after corneal neurotization using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in 2 patients with neurotrophic keratopathy (NK). METHODS: Two patients with unilateral advanced NK received corneal neurotization to surgically reinnervate the cornea. IVCM was used to identify subbasal nerve fibers and document corneal reinnervation. In 1 patient (case 1), IVCM was performed before and after corneal neurotization; in the second patient (case 2), IVCM was performed after neurotization and corneal transplantation...
October 17, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038990/personality-and-alexithymic-disparity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-based-on-washing-and-checking
#13
Hwa-Sheng Tang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to investigate pathway relationship of personality characteristics and alexithymic traits in OCD symptoms of obsession, and compulsive behavior of washing and checking. Two-hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with OCD were consecutively recruited from the psychiatric outpatient department of a teaching hospital. Structural equation modeling showed those more neurotic, less extraverted and with higher levels of alexithymia difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT) were more likely to develop obsessive thoughts...
October 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#14
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989239/scarring-of-the-c8-t1-roots-with-partial-avulsion-in-situ-in-total-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#15
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Amel A F El-Sayed
BACKGROUND: Primary exploration of the brachial plexus in infants with obstetric palsy may reveal scarring of the lower roots with evidence of partial avulsion-in-situ. As we have been treating this lesion by neurolysis only, we aimed to investigate the recovery of hand function following such approach. METHODS: A series of 14 cases of total obstetric palsy with with evidence of partial avulsion-in-situ of the lower roots were included. All lesions were treated by neurolysis only (with no neurotization of the lower roots)...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987054/the-effects-of-short-term-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-on-the-personality-traits-of-patients-treated-in-a-day-ward
#16
Adrian Sieradzki, Marcin Szechiński, Krzysztof Małyszczak
OBJECTIVES: In the literature, there is no research that would indicate how a change in specific personality elements may affect the therapeutic effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy (STGP). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy on personality traits in apopulation of patients with neurotic and personality disorders in a day ward of neurosis treatment. METHODS: The study involved 139 people with anxiety and personality disorders, including 110 who participated in the control measurements...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982204/-psychiatric-and-somatic-comorbidities-of-eating-disorders-and-obesity-in-female-adolescent-and-adult-inpatients
#17
Julia Muehleck, Felicitas Richter, Luise Adametz, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
Objective The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of somatic and psychiatric comorbidities in female inpatients diagnosed with an eating disorder or obesity. Methods Statutory health insurance data (11 - 25 years, N = 1269) was analysed. Results The most frequent comorbidities for both groups were affective, neurotic, stress-related and somatoform as well as personality disorders and diseases of the digestive system. Conclusion Close to half of the patients diagnosed with an eating disorder suffered from psychiatric comorbidities...
October 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961964/deep-temporal-nerve-transfer-for-facial-reanimation-anatomic-dissections-and-surgical-case-report
#18
Mark A Mahan, Walavan Sivakumar, David Weingarten, Justin M Brown
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy is a disabling condition that may arise from a variety of injuries or insults and may occur at any point along the nerve or its intracerebral origin. OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of the deep temporal branches of the motor division of the trigeminal nerve for neural reconstruction of the temporal branches of the facial nerve for restoration of active blink and periorbital facial expression. METHODS: Formalin-fixed human cadaver hemifaces were dissected to identify landmarks for the deep temporal branches and the tension-free coaptation lengths...
September 8, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953820/study-on-the-prescribing-patterns-of-antipsychotic-medication-in-a-rural-england-community-mental-health-team
#19
Madhavan Seshadri, Ahmed Elsemary, Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Lawrence Chikodzore, Priya Nagalingam
INTRODUCTION: Providing comprehensive services for about 400 patients in the South Herefordshire area, the community mental health team manages cases of varying severity and complexity, ranging from Schizophrenia, to neuroses and disorders of adult personality. Antipsychotic medication remains a mainstay of treatment and management for patients under the team case load; hence a need exists for a detailed look into the prescription patterns of such medications. AIM: The aim of this study was to look into the prescribing patterns of antipsychotics for a sample of 50 patients in the South Herefordshire community team during the year of 2016 (from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016), as well as investigate whether these antipsychotics were licensed to be used for the corresponding diagnoses of these patients...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953147/levator-palpebrae-superioris-muscle-direct-neurotization
#20
Alexánder Cárdenas-Mejía, Damián Palafox, Daniela Téllez-Palacios, Sara Contreras-Merida, Lilia de La Maza-Krzeptowsky, Rubén López, Tzilacatzin Hernández
Direct muscle neurotization has been proved to be a feasible technique for facial reanimation microsurgical procedures. Direct muscle neurotization is performed by implanting the interposition nerve graft directly into the substance of the muscle. The authors present the case of a 36-year-old male patient with upper eyelid dysfunction secondary to facial trauma. The levator palpebrae superioris muscle was macroscopically unaffected; however, neurophysiological test proved a selective denervation of the CN III motor branch to the levator palpebrae superioris muscle...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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