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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713320/social-media-membership-browsing-and-profile-updating-in-a-representative-u-s-sample-independent-and-interdependent-effects-of-big-five-traits-and-aging-and-social-factors
#1
Tim Bogg
Guided by cybernetic perspectives on personality, the present work used a representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 992) to examine Big Five personality traits and social and aging factors as predictors of social media network membership and past-month browsing/searching and profile updating among members. The results showed adults who were less extraverted and less neurotic and who reported greater physical limitations were less likely to be members. Moreover, extraverted adults without partners were more likely to be members than introverted adults without partners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713089/-peculiarities-of-clinical-psychopathological-phenomenology-of-chronic-neuropathies
#2
Olexandr O Belov, Tetiana P Rysynets, Elena F Shkondina, Iryna S Pototska
INTRODUCTION: The study of psycho-emotional reactions associated with chronic neuropathies, is an important factor of the integrated solution to the problem of treatment and prevention of disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The aim of the research is to study clinical psychopathological phenomenology and personality characteristics of patients suffering from chronic neuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 115 patients with chronic neuropathies in comparison with 60 healthy persons using a clinical conversation method, shortened multivariable personality questionnaire, The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, Spilberger's scale of trait and state anxiety and Symptom Check List-90-Revised questionnaire...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702389/correlation-between-the-elbow-flexion-and-the-hand-and-wrist-flexion-after-neurotization-of-the-fascicles-of-the-ulnar-nerve-to-the-motor-branch-to-the-biceps
#3
Ricardo Boso Escudero, Marcelo Rosa de Rezende, Erick Yoshio Wataya, Fernando Vicente de Pontes, Álvaro Baik Cho, Marina Justi Pisani
OBJECTIVE: Gain in elbow flexion in patients with brachial plexus injury is extremely important. The transfer of a fascicle from the ulnar nerve to the motor branch of the musculocutaneous nerve (Oberlin surgery) is a treatment option. However, in some patients, gain in elbow flexion is associated with wrist and finger flexion. This study aimed to assess the frequency of this association and the functional behavior of the limb. METHODS: Case-control study of 18 patients who underwent the Oberlin surgery...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701495/neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases-among-families-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#4
Elisa Longinetti, Daniela Mariosa, Henrik Larsson, Weimin Ye, Caroline Ingre, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Fredrik Piehl, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risks of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their families. METHODS: We conducted a register-based nested case-control study during 1990-2013 in Sweden to assess whether patients with ALS had higher risks of other neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases before diagnosis. We included 3,648 patients with ALS and 36,480 age-, sex-, and county of birth-matched population controls...
July 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678583/lsd-treatment-in-scandinavia-emphasizing-indications-and-short-term-treatment-outcomes-of-151-patients-in-denmark
#5
Jens Knud Larsen
BACKGROUND: New research has suggested the clinical use of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin in selected patient populations. However, concerns about the clinical use of LSD were advanced in a large Danish follow-up study that assessed 151 LSD-treated psychiatric patients approximately 25 years after their treatment in the 1960s. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to give a retrospective account of the short-term outcome of LSD treatment in these 151 Danish psychiatric patients...
July 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671887/defining-the-anatomy-of-the-tendinous-intersections-of-the-rectus-abdominis-muscle-and-their-clinical-implications-in-functional-muscle-neurotization
#6
Justin M Broyles, Mark D Schuenke, Sima R Patel, Caroline M Vail, Heather V Broyles, A Lee Dellon
PURPOSE: Little is known about the definitive course of the tendinous intersections from anterior to posterior through the rectus abdominis (RA) muscle. The implications of a full thickness intersection may have effects on the ability to neurotize the RA. We hypothesized that these tendinous inscriptions would be fully adherent to the anterior rectus sheath, but there would be an incomplete penetrance into the posterior surface, thereby allowing for muscle fibers and neurovascular structures to run the entire course of the RA muscle...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666151/triceps-nerve-to-deltoid-nerve-transfer-after-an-unsatisfactory-intra-plexus-neurotization-of-the-posterior-division-of-the-upper-trunk
#7
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Abdullah E Kattan, Bayan S Al-Qahtany, Omar M Al-Qattan, Heba M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: Our literature review did not reveal any study on the results of triceps to deltoid nerve transfer done as a secondary procedure after an unsatisfactory primary intraplexus neurotization of the posterior division of the upper trunk. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We report on three adults with C5-C6 brachial plexus injury who had an unsatisfactory deltoid function following primary intraplexus neurotization. Patients presented to our clinic late (14-16 months after injury)...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655366/cardiovascular-fitness-in-late-adolescent-males-and-later-risk-of-serious-non-affective-mental-disorders-a-prospective-population-based-study
#8
J Nyberg, M Henriksson, M A I Åberg, A Rosengren, M Söderberg, N D Åberg, H G Kuhn, M Waern
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of depression. Relationships with other mental disorders need elucidation. This study investigated whether fitness in late adolescence is associated with future risk of serious non-affective mental disorders. Further, we examined how having an affected brother might impact the relationship. METHOD: Prospective, population-based cohort study of 1 109 786 Swedish male conscripts with no history of mental illness, who underwent conscription examinations at age 18 between 1968 and 2005...
June 28, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648138/psychological-symptomatology-and-impaired-prepulse-inhibition-of-the-startle-reflex-are-associated-with-cannabis-induced-psychosis
#9
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Isabel Martínez-Gras, Guillermo Ponce, Javier de la Cruz, David Lora, Roberto Rodríguez-Jiménez, Rosa Jurado-Barba, Francisco Navarrete, María Salud García-Gutiérrez, Jorge Manzanares, Gabriel Rubio
BACKGROUND: Cannabis-induced psychotic disorder (CIPD) is a psychiatric disorder induced by cannabis consumption. The psychological and psychophysiological features of this disorder are still unknown. We aimed to examine the psychological, personality and psychophysiological features of patients with CIPD. This study is an analytical extension of our previously published data, which previously found prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficits in the CIPD group used in this current paper. METHODS: We used a sample of 45 patients with CIPD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613131/ego-boundary-deficits-and-the-negative-therapeutic-inter-action-a-tale-of-a-whale-a-whale-of-a-tale
#10
Charles A Peterson
Defined variously and unsatisfactorily as a worsening of the patient's condition following a correct interpretation, the negative therapeutic reaction is typically blamed on the patient: "the operation was a success but the patient died." For most neurotic patients unconscious guilt objects to progress and activates the need to suffer. For most character-disturbed patients envy cannot bear the analyst's cleverness. However, patients with ego boundary problems-even sectors of psychosis-may require a different explanatory mechanism, where a correct interpretation may be experienced as a penetration and an engulfment, threatening the intactness of the self...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606622/reconstruction-of-combined-thumb-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-base-level-and-index-amputation-at-the-metacarpal-level-with-pollicization-and-bilateral-double-toe-composite-transfer
#11
Zhenglin Chi, Da Jiang Song, Lin Tian, Fu Hua Hu, Xiao Fang Shen, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the technique and report our experience with the reconstruction of combined proximal thumb amputations at the metacarpal base level and index finger amputation at the metacarpal level with pollicization and bilateral double toe composite transfer. METHODS: The technique consists of pollicization of the remnant index ray. Then a contralateral composite medial great toe pulp and vascularized second toe proximal interphalangeal joint flap are harvested to reconstruct the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570440/successful-reinnervation-of-the-diaphragm-after-intercostal-to-phrenic-nerve-neurotization-in-patients-with-high-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Kulvir S Nandra, Martin Harari, Thea P Price, Patrick J Greaney, Michael S Weinstein
OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to extend diaphragmatic pacing therapy to include paraplegic patients with high cervical spinal cord injuries between C3 and C5. INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic pacing has been used in patients experiencing ventilator-dependent respiratory failure due to spinal cord injury as a means to reduce or eliminate the need for mechanical ventilation. However, this technique relies on intact phrenic nerve function. Recently, phrenic nerve reconstruction with intercostal nerve grafting has expanded the indications for diaphragmatic pacing...
August 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570404/surrogate-outcome-measures-for-corneal-neurotization-in-infants-and-children
#13
Sarvnaz Sepehripour, Mark Sheldon Lloyd, Hiroshi Nishikawa, Bruce Richard, Manoj Parulekar
BACKGROUND: Corneal anesthesia is a rare and challenging condition, particularly in young children. The insensate cornea leads to abnormal epithelial cell metabolism and loss of trophic influences supplied by the corneal nerve fibers. This results in recurrent spontaneous epithelia erosion and eventual loss of sight. Corneal reinnervation is a definitive treatment option for neuropathic keratitis. The outcome measures in young children following corneal sensitization are different to adults as esthesiometry is unachievable...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560935/medical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-risk-of-postpartum-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Karolina Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of risk of maternal postpartum depression during the second month of puerperium. METHOD: In total, 387 postnatal women filled out a questionnaire concerning their health and social status, as well as the following tests: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Neo Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Personality Inventory and the Berlin Social Support Scales...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544558/psychiatric-and-physical-comorbidities-and-their-impact-on-the-course-of-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-naturalistic-4-year-follow-up-study
#15
Benedikt L Amann, Joaquim Radua, Christian Wunsch, Barbara König, Christian Simhandl
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to increase the available evidence on how physical and psychiatric comorbidities influence the long-term outcome in bipolar I and II disorder. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of comorbid physical (metabolic, cardiovascular, thyroid, and neurological) diseases and psychiatric (neurotic, stress-related, somatoform, and personality) disorders and their impact on the risk of relapse in bipolar disorder. A total of 284 consecutively admitted patients with ICD-10 bipolar I (n=161) and II (n=123) disorder were followed up naturalistically over a period of 4 years...
May 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#16
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533147/diversities-of-behavioral-traits-and-neuropsychological-function-in-different-substance-addiction
#17
Hui-Yi Wang, Tzong-Shi Wang, Yi-Chyan Chen
OBJECTIVE: There are various temperaments and personality characters that modulate the development of substance addiction. The pharmacological properties of substances would alter the homeostasis of brain function and influence the neuropsychological performance through different neurotransmissions which then facilitate diverse emotional and behavioral responses. Our goal is to assess the interaction between personality characteristics, neuropsychological performances and Stroop interference in alcoholics, heroin and amphetamine dependent persons...
May 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500976/personality-disparity-in-chronic-regional-and-widespread-pain
#19
Mei-Chung Chang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
Chronic pain has high comorbidity with psychiatric disorders, therefore, better understanding of the relationship between chronic pain and mental illness is needed. This study aimed to investigate the pathway relationships among parental attachment, personality characteristics, alexithymic trait and mental health in patients with chronic widespread pain, those with chronic regional pain, and controls. Two hundred and thirty participants were recruited. The parental Bonding Inventory, Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Chinese Health Questionnaire, and Short-Form 36 were filled out...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480099/the-effect-of-personality-traits-of-managers-supervisor-on-job-satisfaction-of-medical-sciences-university-staffs
#20
G Abedi, Q A Molazadeh-Mahali, B Mirzaian, A Nadi-Ghara, A M Heidari-Gorji
BACKGROUND: Todays people are spending most of their time life in their workplace therefore investigation for job satisfaction related factors is necessities of researches. AIM: The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of manager's personality traits on employee job satisfaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The present study is a descriptive and causative-comparative one utilized on a statistical sample of 44 managers and 119 employees...
July 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
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