keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hormesis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715457/an-analogous-wood-barrel-theory-to-explain-the-occurrence-of-hormesis-a-case-study-of-sulfonamides-and-erythromycin-on-escherichia-coli-growth
#1
Dali Wang, Zhifen Lin, Ting Wang, Xiruo Ding, Ying Liu
Hormesis has aroused much attention during the past two decades and may have great implications on many fields, including toxicology and risk assessment. However, the observation of hormesis remains challenged under laboratory conditions. To determine favorable conditions under which to observe hormesis, we investigated the hormetic responses of Escherichia coli (E. coli) upon exposure of different concentrations of sulfonamides and erythromycin at different time points and in different culture media: Luria-Bertani (LB) broth and Mueller Hinton (MH) broth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699353/radiation-hormesis-the-link-to-nanomolar-hydrogen-peroxide
#2
Helmut Sies, Ludwig E Feinendegen
Hydrogen peroxide is a stable product of water radiolysis, occurring at nanomolar concentration upon low dose ionizing radiation (<100 mGy). In view of the recent recognition of H2O2 as a central redox signaling molecule which, likewise, is maintained in the nanomolar range in cells, we propose a role for H2O2 in radiation hormesis. Low dose ionizing radiation is capable of utilizing known molecular redox master switches such as Nrf2/Keap1 or NF-kB/IkB to effect adaptive resistance. This leads to the hypothesis that, as a normal component of the exposome, low dose ionizing radiation mediates hormetic effects by hydrogen peroxide signaling...
July 12, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694745/model-averaging-with-aic-weights-for-hypothesis-testing-of-hormesis-at-low-doses
#3
Steven B Kim, Nathan Sanders
For many dose-response studies, large samples are not available. Particularly, when the outcome of interest is binary rather than continuous, a large sample size is required to provide evidence for hormesis at low doses. In a small or moderate sample, we can gain statistical power by the use of a parametric model. It is an efficient approach when it is correctly specified, but it can be misleading otherwise. This research is motivated by the fact that data points at high experimental doses have too much contribution in the hypothesis testing when a parametric model is misspecified...
April 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685415/sublethal-and-hormesis-effects-of-beta-cypermethrin-on-the-biology-life-table-parameters-and-reproductive-potential-of-soybean-aphid-aphis-glycines
#4
Yanyan Qu, Da Xiao, Junjie Liu, Zhou Chen, Lifang Song, Nicolas Desneux, Giovanni Benelli, Xiwu Gao, Dunlun Song
Beta-cypermethrin has long been recommended as an effective pesticide to control the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, a serious pest in soybean crops. Besides acute toxicity, it leads to changes in life history traits of A. glycines, notably its reproductive potential. This study has assessed the effects of five sublethal concentrations (0.625, 1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 µg/L) of beta-cypermethrin on different life history traits of A. glycines. Exposure to these concentrations caused shorter oviposition period and reduced adult longevity...
July 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677849/evaluation-of-glyphosate-resistance-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-expressing-an-altered-target-site-epsps
#5
R Douglas Sammons, Jinsong You, Youlin Qi, Stanislaw Flasinski, Christina Kavanaugh, Jeannie Washam, Elizabeth Ostrander, Dafu Wang, Greg Heck
BACKGROUND: Glyphosate-resistant goosegrass has recently evolved and is homozygous for the double mutant of EPSPS (T102 I, P106 S or TIPS). These same mutations combined with EPSPS over-expression, have been used to create transgenic glyphosate-resistant crops. Arabidopsis thaliana (Wt EPSPS Ki ≈ 0.5 μM) was engineered to express a variant AtEPSPS-T102 I, P106 A (TIPA Ki = 150 μM) to determine the resistance magnitude for a more potent variant EPSPS that might evolve in weeds. RESULTS: Transgenic A...
July 5, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676501/lifespan-extension-by-peroxidase-dual-oxidase-mediated-ros-signaling-through-pyrroloquinoline-quinone-in-c-elegans
#6
Hiroyuki Sasakura, Hiroki Moribe, Masahiko Nakano, Kazuto Ikemoto, Kosei Takeuchi, Ikue Mori
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), originally characterized based on their harmful effects on cells or organisms, are now recognized as important signal molecules regulating various biological processes. In particular, low levels of ROS released from mitochondria extend lifespan. Here, we identified a novel mechanism of generating appropriate levels of ROS at the plasma membrane through a peroxidase/dual oxidase system, which could extend lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). A redox co-factor, pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), activates dual oxidase (DUOX)/BLI-3 to produce the ROS H2O2 at the plasma membrane, which is subsequently degraded by peroxidase/MLT-7, eventually ensuring the adequate levels of ROS...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622829/investigation-of-j-shaped-dose-responses-induced-by-exposure-to-the-alkylating-agent-n-methyl-n-nitrosourea
#7
Katherine E Chapman, George R Hoffmann, Shareen H Doak, Gareth J S Jenkins
Hormesis is defined as a biphasic dose-response where biological effects of low doses of a stressor demonstrate the opposite effect to high-dose effects of the same stressor. Hormetic, or J-shaped, dose-response relationships are relatively rarely observed in toxicology, resulting in a limited understanding and even some skepticism of the concept. Low dose-response studies for genotoxicity endpoints have been performed at Swansea University for over a decade. However, no statistically significant decreases below control genotoxicity levels have been detected until recently...
July 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617331/hormesis-and-defense-of-infectious-disease
#8
REVIEW
Sebastian Weis, Ignacio Rubio, Kristin Ludwig, Cynthia Weigel, Elisa Jentho
Infectious diseases are a global health burden and remain associated with high social and economic impact. Treatment of affected patients largely relies on antimicrobial agents that act by directly targeting microbial replication. Despite the utility of host specific therapies having been assessed in previous clinical trials, such as targeting the immune response via modulating the cytokine release in sepsis, results have largely been frustrating and did not lead to the introduction of new therapeutic tools...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599128/acute-and-chronic-sensitivity-to-copper-of-a-promising-ecotoxicological-model-species-the-annual-killifish-nothobranchius-furzeri
#9
Charlotte Philippe, Arnout F Grégoir, Lizanne Janssens, Tom Pinceel, Gudrun De Boeck, Luc Brendonck
Nothobranchius furzeri is a promising model for ecotoxicological research due to the species' short life cycle and the production of drought-resistant eggs. Although the species is an emerging vertebrate fish model for several fundamental as well as applied research domains, its potential for ecotoxicological research has not yet been tested. The aim of this study was to characterise the acute and chronic sensitivity of this species to copper as compared to other model organisms. Effects of both acute and chronic copper exposure were tested on survival, life history and physiological traits...
June 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595318/mediterranean-diet-and-inflammaging-within-the-hormesis-paradigm
#10
Morena Martucci, Rita Ostan, Fiammetta Biondi, Elena Bellavista, Cristina Fabbri, Claudia Bertarelli, Stefano Salvioli, Miriam Capri, Claudio Franceschi, Aurelia Santoro
A coherent set of epidemiological data shows that the Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects capable of preventing a variety of age-related diseases in which low-grade, chronic inflammation/inflammaging plays a major role, but the underpinning mechanism(s) is/are still unclear. It is argued here that the Mediterranean diet can be conceptualized as a form of chronic hormetic stress, similar to what has been proposed regarding calorie restriction, the most thoroughly studied nutritional intervention. Data on the presence in key Mediterranean foods of a variety of compounds capable of exerting hormetic effects are summarized, and the mechanistic role of the nuclear factor erythroid 2 pathway is highlighted...
June 8, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595161/non-linear-actions-of-physiological-agents-finite-disarrangements-elicit-fitness-benefits
#11
REVIEW
Filip Sedlic, Zdenko Kovac
Finite disarrangements of important (vital) physiological agents and nutrients can induce plethora of beneficial effects, exceeding mere attenuation of the specific stress. Such response to disrupted homeostasis appears to be universally conserved among species. The underlying mechanism of improved fitness and longevity, when physiological agents act outside their normal range is similar to hormesis, a phenomenon whereby toxins elicit beneficial effects at low doses. Due to similarity with such non-linear response to toxins described with J-shaped curve, we have coined a new term "mirror J-shaped curves" for non-linear response to finite disarrangement of physiological agents...
May 18, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588428/umbelliprenin-mediates-its-apoptotic-effect-by-hormesis-a-commentary
#12
Omid Gholami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570961/nonlinear-responses-to-waterborne-cadmium-exposure-in-zebrafish-an-in-vivo-study
#13
Elisavet A Renieri, Dimitris G Sfakianakis, Athanasios A Alegakis, Irina V Safenkova, Aleksandra Buha, Vesna Matović, Maria Tzardi, Boris B Dzantiev, Pascal Divanach, Maroudio Kentouri, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
Cadmium (Cd) has proved to be associated with numerous toxic effects in aquatic organisms via waterborne exposure. With a view to investigate Cd toxicity along a broad spectrum of exposures reaching from environmental to toxic, we employed adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) for an in vivo study. A number of 10 fish per tank were placed in 40L tanks and were exposed for 30 days to 0.0, 5.0, 25, 50, 75, 100 and 1000μgCd per liter. There were 2 tanks for each Cd exposure (duplicate experiment). Mortality was recorded daily, dead fish were collected and tissue samples were obtained for histologic observation, whereas remaining tissues were stored for Cd burden determination...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560404/intermittent-low-dose-irradiation-enhances-the-effectiveness-of-radio-and-chemo-therapy-for-human-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-cell-line-ht-29
#14
Yang Wang, Yezhou Li, Li Yang, Dexin Yin
Low dose irradiation (LDIR) induces hormesis and adaptive response in organism and mammalian cell lines. Notably, LDIR generates distinct biological effects in cancer cells from normal cells, e.g., it may affect the growth of cancer cells via the activation of certain cell signaling pathway, which does not exist in normal cells. Therefore, LDIR is considered as a promising assistant method of clinical cancer therapy. In this study, we chose human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 as the experimental model, and investigated the differential biological effects between 250 mGy single dose LDIR and 250 mGy intermittent LDIR pretreatments in high dose irradiation (HDIR) radiotherapy and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) based chemotherapy...
May 30, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539853/treatment-of-cancer-and-inflammation-with-low-dose-ionizing-radiation-three-case-reports
#15
Shuji Kojima, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto, Noriko Shimura, Hironobu Koga, Akishisa Murata, Tsuyoshi Takara
There is considerable evidence from experimental studies in animals, as well as from clinical reports, that low-dose radiation hormesis is effective for the treatment of cancer and ulcerative colitis. In this study, we present 3 case reports that support the clinical efficacy of low-dose radiation hormesis in patients with these diseases. First, a patient with prostate cancer who had undergone surgical resection showed a subsequent increase in prostate-specific antigen (PSA). His PSA value started decreasing immediately after the start of repeated low-dose X-ray irradiation treatment and remained low thereafter...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520891/sublethal-effects-of-thiamethoxam-on-the-demographic-parameters-of-myzus-persicae-hemiptera-aphididae
#16
Pan Wang, Li-Lin Zhou, Fan Yang, Mang Li, Xiao-Ming Liu, Yong Wang, Chao-Liang Lei, Sheng-Yun Si
The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is an important sap-sucking pest of many crops, including Chinese cabbage, Brassinca oleracea L. The neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam has been used as an effective insecticide to control M. persicae in cabbage fields. In this study, we assessed the effects of sublethal concentrations of thiamethoxam on demographic parameters of M. persicae. In leaf-dip bioassays, thiamethoxam showed a relatively high toxicity against M. persicae with an LC50 of 6...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503972/molecular-mechanisms-of-anti-oxidant-and-anti-aging-effects-induced-by-convallatoxin-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#17
Jia Xu, Youming Guo, Tianzhuo Sui, Qifei Wang, Yue Zhang, Ruining Zhang, Mingyang Wang, Shuwen Guan, Liping Wang
Convallatoxin is widely used as a cardiac glycoside in acute and chronic congestive heart-failure and paroxysmal tachycardia, with many effects and underlying protective mechanisms on inflammation and cellular proliferation. However, convallatoxin has not been investigated in its antioxidant effects and lifespan extension in Caenorhabditis elegans. In this study, we found that convallatoxin (20 μM) could significantly prolong the lifespan of wild-type C. elegans up to 16.3% through daf-16, but not sir-2.1 signaling and increased thermotolerance and resistance to paraquat-induced oxidative stress...
May 14, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485107/low-doses-of-glyphosate-enhance-growth-co2-assimilation-stomatal-conductance-and-transpiration-in-sugarcane-and-eucalyptus
#18
Renan F Nascentes, Caio A Carbonari, Plinio S Simões, Marcela C Brunelli, Edivaldo D Velini, Stephen O Duke
INTRODUCTION: Sublethal doses of herbicides can enhance plant growth and stimulate other process, an effect known as hormesis. The magnitude of hormesis is dependent on the plant species, the herbicide and its dose, plant development stage, and environmental parameters. Glyphosate hormesis is well established, but relatively little is known of the mechanism of this phenomenon. The objective of this study was to determine if low doses of glyphosate that cause growth stimulation in sugarcane and eucalyptus concomitantly stimulate CO2 assimilation...
May 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481896/physiological-effects-of-autotoxicity-due-to-dhap-stress-on-picea-schrenkiana-regeneration
#19
Li Yang, Xiao Ruan, Dean Jiang, Jianhong Zhang, Cunde Pan, Qiang Wang
Picea Schrenkiana as one of the most important zonal vegetation was an endemic species in Middle Asia. Natural regeneration of P. Schrenkiana is a long existing problem troubling scientists. The autotoxicity of 3,4-dihydroxy-acetophenone (DHAP) was found to be a causative factor causing the failure of P. Schrenkiana natural regeneration. The effects of concentrations of DHAP treatment on the viability of root cell, activities of antioxidant enzymes and levels of P. Schrenkiana phytohormones were performed to disclose the physiological mechanism of DHAP autotoxicity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397803/tomatidine-enhances-lifespan-and-healthspan-in-c-elegans-through-mitophagy-induction-via-the-skn-1-nrf2-pathway
#20
Evandro F Fang, Tyler B Waltz, Henok Kassahun, Qiping Lu, Jesse S Kerr, Marya Morevati, Elayne M Fivenson, Bradley N Wollman, Krisztina Marosi, Mark A Wilson, Wendy B Iser, D Mark Eckley, Yongqing Zhang, Elin Lehrmann, Ilya G Goldberg, Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, Mark P Mattson, Hilde Nilsen, Vilhelm A Bohr, Kevin G Becker
Aging is a major international concern that brings formidable socioeconomic and healthcare challenges. Small molecules capable of improving the health of older individuals are being explored. Small molecules that enhance cellular stress resistance are a promising avenue to alleviate declines seen in human aging. Tomatidine, a natural compound abundant in unripe tomatoes, inhibits age-related skeletal muscle atrophy in mice. Here we show that tomatidine extends lifespan and healthspan in C. elegans, an animal model of aging which shares many major longevity pathways with mammals...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
96658
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"