Read by QxMD icon Read

endoscopic ultrasound in children

Felix Blasl, Wolfgang H Rösch, Mark Koen, Mircia-Aurel Ardelean, Anne-Karoline Ebert
OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION: Cowper's syringocele is a cystic dilation of the bulbourethral gland duct, initially defined by Maizels et al. in 1983. Although obstructive and non-obstructive types of this rare anomaly are described, clinical symptoms are highly unspecific. Therefore, we report 12 cases of children and young adults diagnosed with Cowper's syringocele to further clarify clinical course, comorbidity and treatment strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively collected clinical data of 12 children and young adults from birth to 18...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Daniel G Rosenbaum, Maire A Conrad, David M Biko, Eduardo D Ruchelli, Judith R Kelsen, Sudha A Anupindi
BACKGROUND: Imaging predictors for surgery in children with Crohn disease are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To identify imaging features of the terminal ileum on short-interval bowel ultrasound (US) and MR enterography (MRE) in children with Crohn disease requiring surgical bowel resection and those managed by medical therapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated patients 18 years and younger with Crohn disease undergoing short-interval bowel US and MRE (within 2 months of one another), as well as subsequent ileocecectomy or endoscopy within 3 months of imaging...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Anupam Sibal, Rajendra N Srivastava, Anand S Vasudev
AIM: To evaluate the success of endoscopic deroofing with double J (DJ) stenting as a primary treatment modality of uncomplicated ureterocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All babies with uncomplicated ureterocele referred to us between 2005 and 2015 were to be prospectively recruited into the study without any exception. The preoperative management would include ultrasound KUB on a fixed protocol, micturating cystourethrogram, DTPA scan and MRU (magnetic resonance urography) or IVP (intravenous pyelography)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Ji Young Bang, Shyam Varadarajulu
OBJECTIVES: Data on the endoscopic treatment outcomes for walled-off necrosis (WON) in children are limited. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic approach for the treatment of WON in children. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all children with symptomatic WON treated endoscopically over 6 years. Treatment consisted of endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural drainage using either a lumen-apposing metal stent or multiple 7Fr double pigtail plastic stents with or without percutaneous drainage...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Kelsee Halpin, Ryan McDonough, Patria Alba, Jared Halpin, Vivekanand Singh, Yun Yan
BACKGROUND: Insulinoma is a rare diagnosis in the general population with estimates of 1 in 250,000 people per year. Reports of these pancreatic islet cell tumors are even more unusual in children and adolescents. Chronic hypoglycemia due to an insulinoma often presents with neuroglycopenic symptoms that can easily be overlooked, especially in adolescents where nonspecific complaints are common. This may result in delayed diagnosis with prolonged periods of untreated hypoglycemia and associated complications...
2016: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
Douglas S Fishman, Bruno P Chumpitazi, Isaac Raijman, Cynthia Man-Wai Tsai, E O'Brian Smith, Mark V Mazziotti, Mark A Gilger
AIM: To assess pediatric patients for choledocholithiasis. We applied current adult guidelines to identify predictive factors in children. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed at a tertiary children's hospital. We evaluated 44 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) for suspected choledocholithiasis. Patients were stratified into those with common bile duct stones (CBDS) at ERCP vs those that did not using the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines (Very Strong and Strong criteria) for suspected CBDS...
June 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Nathan Osbun, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas S Lendvay
INTRODUCTION: Fibroepithelial polyps of the ureter are a rare cause of asymptomatic and symptomatic upper urinary tract obstruction in children. While these lesions can often be managed endoscopically, large or multifocal polyps may preclude such an approach. OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe our institutional experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic treatment of ureteral polyps and show that a robotic approach is an effective alternative for large or multifocal polyps...
August 2016: Journal of Endourology
Sahajal Dhooria, Karan Madan, Vallandramam Pattabhiraman, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ravindra Mehta, Gella Vishwanath, Arjun Srinivasan, Mahadevan Sivaramakrishnan, Anant Mohan, Joseph L Mathew, Sushil K Kabra, Randeep Guleria, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and endoscopic ultrasound with an echobronchoscope-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) are useful modalities in the evaluation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy in adults; however, there is sparse data in children. The aim of this multicenter study is to describe the efficacy and safety of EBUS-TBNA and EUS-B-FNA in children with mediastinal lymphadenopathy of undefined etiology. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive pediatric (<18 years) subjects who underwent EBUS-TBNA or EUS-B-FNA for the evaluation of mediastinal lymphadenopathy...
May 3, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Zhang Jun, Liu Shuli, Chen Zhen, Zhang Zhen, Li Long, Cheng Wei
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to elucidate the efficacy of laparoscopy and endoscopy in the treatment of fusiform choledochal cysts (CDC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2006 and June 2012, 18 patients with fusiform CDC were treated in our hospital. All the 18 patients presented abdominal pain, and 13 presented jaundice. 18 patients presented elevated serum and urinary amylase, when abdominal pain appeared. All the patients underwent laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery successfully...
April 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Ramit Mahajan, Ebby George Simon, Ashok Chacko, D Viswanath Reddy, P Rupesh Kalyan, A J Joseph, Amit Kumar Dutta, Sudipta Dhar Chowdhury, Reuben Thomas Kurien
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is used in the management of various gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in adults, data on its role in children is limited. This study evaluated the indications, safety, and impact of EUS in children. METHODS: Records of children (<18 years age) who underwent EUS between January 2006 and September 2014 were reviewed retrospectively and analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-one children (70 males, 51 females) aged 15...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Elisa Zambaiti, Marco Pensabene, Valentina Montano, Alessandra Casuccio, Maria Sergio, Marcello Cimador
PURPOSE: Endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Dx/HA) injection is a safe and efficacious treatment option for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children. Endoscopic appearance, hydrodistention and amount of injected Dx/HA have been demonstrated not to be reliable predictors of outcome. Aim of this study was to evaluate Dx/HA mounds on ultrasound scans (US) and find out any eventual correlation with reflux resolution. METHODS: We selected patients treated with endoscopic injection for moderate to high VUR, renal scaring or repeated infections under antibiotic prophylaxis...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Varayu Prachayakul, Pitulak Aswakul
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was introduced in 1982 and has since become a popular advanced procedure for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention. Initially, EUS was most commonly used for the diagnosis of pancreatobiliary diseases and tissue acquisition. EUS was first used for guided cholangiography in 1996, followed by EUS-guided biliary drainage in 2001. Advancements in equipment and endoscopic accessories have led to an expansion of EUS-guided procedures, which now include EUS-guided drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses or collections, intra-vascular treatment of refractory variceal and nonvariceal bleeding, transmural pancreatic drainage, common bile duct stone clearance, enteral feeding tube placement and entero-enteric anastomosis...
January 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kevin Gordon, Jason Conway, Jerry Evans, John Petty, John E Fortunato, Girish Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) ± fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a useful tool to evaluate gastrointestinal tract disorders in adults because of its established feasibility and safety. Its role in children has not been well established and continues to evolve. Our objective was to evaluate the utility and impact on clinical management of EUS and EUS-guided interventions in the pediatric population at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center study including 43 patients undergoing EUS and EUS-FNA between August 2005 and January 2012...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Silvia Zoetsch, Georg Singer, Erich Sorantin, Alan W Flake, Holger Till
INTRODUCTION: The congenital combination of duodenal atresia and choledochal cyst has only been reported in a few children. None of these patients had an intrapancreatic choledochocele causing persistent hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn period. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A female newborn presented with duodenal atresia and received a duodeno-duodenostomy on day two of life. The postoperative course was uneventful except for progressive hyperbilirubinemia and elevation of liver enzymes...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Anna Biel, Dąbrówka Sokołowska-Dąbek, Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hemorrhagic cystitis following bone marrow transplantation in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved an analysis of clinical material and the results of imaging tests performed in 334 patients who underwent hematopoietic cell transplantation. Ultrasonographic findings in 42 patients with hemorrhagic cystitis were analyzed in detail. The ultrasound images served to assess the severity of hemorrhagic cystitis and the results were compared with the clinical assessment of the disease on the Droller scale, as well as the laboratory and endoscopic tests...
September 2014: Journal of Ultrasonography
Yi Jia, Aldo Maspons, Mohammed O Othman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Despite the safety and high diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (EUS FNA) for the evaluation of gastrointestinal diseases in adults, literature discussing the therapeutic use of EUS FNA in pediatrics remains limited. This study reports our experience with the use of EUS in children with pancreaticobiliary disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate safety, clinical utility, and impact of therapeutic EUS on the management of children (<18 years) at a tertiary referral center...
November 2015: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Jay Riva-Cambrin, John R W Kestle, Richard Holubkov, Jerry Butler, Abhaya V Kulkarni, James Drake, William E Whitehead, John C Wellons, Chevis N Shannon, Mandeep S Tamber, David D Limbrick, Curtis Rozzelle, Samuel R Browd, Tamara D Simon
OBJECT The rate of CSF shunt failure remains unacceptably high. The Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) conducted a comprehensive prospective observational study of hydrocephalus management, the aim of which was to isolate specific risk factors for shunt failure. METHODS The study followed all first-time shunt insertions in children younger than 19 years at 6 HCRN centers. The HCRN Investigator Committee selected, a priori, 21 variables to be examined, including clinical, radiographic, and shunt design variables...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Arathi Lakhole, Quin Y Liu
The application of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in children is growing, with studies demonstrating a positive impact of EUS in the management of childhood diseases. EUS has shown to be useful in the evaluation and management of a spectrum of childhood diseases including pancreaticobiliary disease, congenital anomalies, submuocsal lesions, biliary stones disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and eosinophilic esophagitis. Its diagnostic capabilities with fine-needle aspiration and core-needle biopsy are shown to be technically successful, safe, and effective in several pediatric studies...
January 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
E Broadis, R Kronfli, M E Flett, S Cascio, S J O'Toole
INTRODUCTION: Investigations following urinary tract infection (UTI) aim to identify children who are prone to renal scarring, which may be preventable. In 2002, in an attempt to reduce unnecessary intervention, the present institution standardised the investigation of children with a confirmed UTI. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the significance of urological abnormalities on investigations following a UTI in children, prior to the introduction of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Pavai Arunachalam, Venkatraman Vaidyanathan, Palaninathan Sengottan
Introduction Acute suppurative neck infections associated with third or fourth branchial arch fistulas are frequently recurrent. Third and fourth branchial arch anomalies are much less common and usually present with recurrent left thyroid lobe abscesses. Objectives The authors present their experience in treating such cases that were observed exclusively in children. Methods The study involved performing a retrospective review of five cases in PSG Institute of Medical Sciences & Research. All cases were evaluated radiologically and with Direct Rigid hypopharyngoscopy...
October 2015: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"