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ventricular thrombus anticoagulation

Gaurav Gulsin, Solange Serna, Clare Morris, Abutariq Taher, Ian Loke
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a rare condition, characterized by acute left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the absence of flow-limiting coronary artery disease, usually provoked by a physical or emotional stressor. The condition is far more common in women. The commonest presenting symptoms in patients with TC are chest pain and shortness of breath, often mimicking an acute coronary syndrome. A number of complications of TC are recognized, and very rarely patients experience cardioembolic phenomena secondary to LV thrombus formation in TC...
August 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Deepa Gopalan, Daniel Blanchard, William R Auger
Pulmonary hypertension is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than 25 mm Hg. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is defined as pulmonary hypertension in the presence of an organized thrombus within the pulmonary vascular bed that persists at least 3 months after the onset of anticoagulant therapy. Because CTEPH is potentially curable by surgical endarterectomy, correct identification of patients with this form of pulmonary hypertension and an accurate assessment of surgical candidacy are essential to provide optimal care...
July 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Kanako Ito, Yu-Ki Iwasaki, Yuhi Fujimoto, Eiichiro Oka, Kenta Takahashi, Ippei Tsuboi, Kenji Yodogawa, Meiso Hayashi, Yasushi Miyauchi, Wataru Shimizu
A 46-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for near syncope and palpitations. An electrocardiogram showed a common type of atrial flutter (AFL) with 1:1 atrioventricular conduction. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a massive right atrial (RA) thrombus with a huge RA and right ventricle. The patient was diagnosed with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. It was difficult to control the heart rate with beta-blockers during AFL, which resulted in the deterioration of right-sided heart failure...
2016: Internal Medicine
Sahela Nasrin, Fathima Aaysha Cader, Md Salahuddin, Tahera Nazrin, Masuma Jannat Shafi
BACKGROUND: Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with significant mortality, especially if compounded by haemodynamic instability, right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and right atrial (RA) thrombus. Thrombolysis can be lifesaving in patients with major embolism and cardiogenic shock, and accelerates the resolution of thrombus. Only three fibrinolytic agents-namely streptokinase, urokinase, and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (alteplase) have been approved in the treatment of PE, with studies demonstrating similar safety profiles...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Austin A Robinson, Amit Jain, Mark Gentry, Robert L McNamara
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) thrombus formation following myocardial infarction (MI) has not been well characterized since the advent of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Ascertainment of the utility of prophylactic anticoagulation is hindered by the lack of reliable information on its modern incidence. We sought to provide an estimate of the rate of LV thrombus formation in patients treated with pPCI for ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Jiuann-Huey I Lin, Adam C Kean, Timothy M Cordes
Atrial flutter or fibrillation (AFF) remains a major chronic complication of the Fontan procedure. This complication further predisposes this patient population to thromboembolic events. However, the incidence of thromboembolic complications in Fontan patients with AFF prior to or acutely after electrical cardioversion is unknown. This study aimed to characterize the risk of post-cardioversion thromboembolic events in this population. We performed a retrospective medical record review of all patients with a history of Fontan operation treated with direct current cardioversion for AFF at Riley Children's Hospital between June 1992 and March 2014...
October 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Adnan Kaya, Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Muhammed Keskin, Ahmet İlker Tekkeşin, Ahmet Taha Alper
Anticoagulation with warfarin is the main treatment of intracardiac thrombus. While novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), they are not indicated for resolution of intracardiac thrombus. The case of a 60-year-old woman with left ventricular (LV) thrombus secondary to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and AF is described in the present report. Indications for oral anticoagulation were AF and LV thrombus...
June 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Chee-Keong Wee, Tushar Divakar Gosavi1, Weiting Huang
PURPOSE: Concurrent cerebral and systemic embolism are unusual occurrences. Acute myocardial infarction secondary to coronary embolism are particularly rare with only isolated reports in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 49-year old Chinese man presented with right posterior cerebral artery infarction to our hospital. He developed chest pain and ST-elevation on ECG the next morning. Urgent cardiac catheterization showed a right coronary artery as well as a right profunda femoris artery occlusion...
September 2015: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Lan Li, Bao-Jian Zhang, Bao-Ku Zhang, Jun Ma, Xu-Zheng Liu, Shu-Bin Jiang
We conducted a prospective, single-center, active controlled study from July 2013 to January 2015, in Chinese patients with rapid ventricular arrhythmia who had received radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) treatment to determine formation of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LDVT) post RFCA procedure, and evaluated the effect of rivaroxaban on LDVT. Patients with asymptomatic pulmonary thromboembolism who had not received any other anticoagulant and had received no more than 36 hours of treatment with unfractionated heparin were included...
2016: Scientific Reports
M Albinski, M Hufnagel, J Schelling, T Fleck, M Siepe, B Zieger, B Stiller
Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) describes a systemic disease caused by autoantibodies to membrane components. Involving coagulation pathways, complement factors and immune cells, it results in thrombosis in any blood vessel. Its clinical presentation varies considerably depending upon the organ affected. Paediatric data on APS remain sparse. Most case reports focus on catastrophic APS with multiple small-vessel occlusions and a life-threatening course. Here, we report on a 15-year-old patient with deep vein thrombosis and a right ventricular tumour posing the risk of a fulminant pulmonary embolism...
July 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
Tarun Jain, Jainil Shah, Sunay Shah, Shalini Modi
Device based closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) has emerged as a viable approach for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with contraindications to chronic oral anticoagulation. One of the most feared complications is device related thrombus formation. We present a 66-year-old male with chronic AF who developed a life-threatening intracranial bleed on oral anti-coagulation. He subsequently underwent LAA closure using an Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect closure device for stroke prevention...
March 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Patrícia Rodrigues, Maria João Sousa, Luísa Caiado, Sofia Cabral, Ana Meireles, Mário Santos, Paulo Palma, Severo Torres
We discuss the case of a 49-year-old patient with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and a large, mobile and protruding apical thrombus. In spite of anticoagulation treatment, extensive and clearly defined systemic embolization occurred. We discuss the current evidence on the treatment of intracardiac thrombus with high risk of systemic embolization and propose a tailored approach to avoid potential catastrophic consequences.
April 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Samuel Belok, Leslie Parikh, Jamie Robertson
Pulmonary vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare but potentially lethal disease. It most commonly occurs as a complication of malignancy, post-lung surgery or atrial fibrillation. Thrombi are typically detected using a variety of imaging modalities including transesophageal echo, CT-scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or pulmonary angiography. Treatment consists of anticoagulation. Here we report a case of a middle-aged male with systolic left ventricular dysfunction who presented with a stroke due to embolization from a pulmonary vein thrombus diagnosed on CT scan...
February 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Mustafa Ucar, Mustafa Serkan Karakas, Murat Bayrak, Refik Emre Altekin, Umut Koksel, Omer Bayezid
Heart failure is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the world. Heart transplantation is still the gold standard therapy despite emerging treatment options. Due to the limited number of available donors, the use of ventricular assist devices has increased. However, increasing incidences of complications are observed with using these devices. In this article, surgical treatment of a huge mobile thrombus formation in an inflow cannula due to ineffective anticoagulation in a 59 year-old man who received a HeartWare ventricular assist device because of ischemic cardiomyopathy is presented...
January 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Beth T Webber, Anthony L Panos, Yiliam F Rodriguez-Blanco
A growing number of patients are undergoing prolonged management of advanced heart failure with the use of continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Subsequently, an increasing number of patients are presenting with complications associated with these devices. Based on an analysis of three major LVAD institutions, the number of patients developing LVAD pump thrombosis may be much higher than originally projected. [1],[2] The management of this highly feared complication continues to be challenging, as the population of LVAD patients is very heterogeneous and heavily burdened with comorbidities...
January 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Nobuchika Ozaki, Daisuke Yuji, Masanobu Sato, Kyozo Inoue, Noboru Wakita
A 37-year-old male was transferred to our hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and a mass in the ascending aorta. Echocardiography revealed dyskinesia on the left ventricular apex and a floating mass lesion just above the aortic valve. Acute myocardial infarction was considered to be caused by embolism from the floating mass in the ascending aorta. Emergency surgery was successfully performed and histological examination showed the extirpated mass in the ascending aorta was thrombus. The patient has been well on oral anticoagulant and no recurrence has been seen on echocardiogram 4 years after the operation...
January 4, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
John M Stulak, Shannon M Dunlay, Shashank Sharma, Nicholas A Haglund, Mary Beth Davis, Jennifer Cowger, Palak Shah, Faraz Masood, Keith D Aaronson, Francis D Pagani, Simon Maltais
BACKGROUND: Pump thrombosis is a major adverse event in patients supported with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Treatment approaches include device exchange, lytic therapy, or augmentation of anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. The optimal strategy in the HeartWare HVAD Ventricular Assist System (HeartWare, Framingham, MA) is uncertain, and because few large studies have examined differing treatment outcomes, we have reviewed findings from the Mechanical Circulatory Support Research Network registry...
December 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Shahbaz A Malik, Sarah Malik, Taylor F Dowsley, Balwinder Singh
A 48-year-old male with history of schizoaffective disorder on clozapine presented with chest pain, dyspnea, and new left bundle branch block. He underwent coronary angiography, which revealed no atherosclerosis. The patient's workup was unrevealing for a cause for the cardiomyopathy and thus it was thought that clozapine was the offending agent. The patient was taken off clozapine and started on guideline directed heart failure therapy. During the course of hospitalization, he was also discovered to have a left ventricular (LV) thrombus for which he received anticoagulation...
2015: Case Reports in Cardiology
Walter Serra, Mauro Li Calzi, Paolo Coruzzi
Electric external cardioversion (EEC) for permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) carries a risk of thromboembolic events (TE). The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to guide the management of atrial fibrillation may be considered a clinically effective alternative strategy to conventional therapy for patients in whom elective cardioversion is planned. Therapeutic anticoagulation with novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC) is recommended for 3 to 4 weeks before and an anticoagulation life-long therapy is recommended after EEC to reduce TE, in patients with high CHA2DS2-VASc score; however, only few data are currently available about safety of short-term anticoagulation with NOAC in the setting of EEC...
September 28, 2015: Clinics and Practice
Alan Sugrue, Christopher V DeSimone, Charles J Lenz, Douglas L Packer, Samuel J Asirvatham
PURPOSE: The rates of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) implantations and cardiac ablation procedures are increasing worldwide. To date, the management of CIED lead thrombi in the peri-ablation period remains undefined and key clinical management questions remained unanswered. We sought to describe the clinical course and management strategies of patients with a CIED lead thrombus detected in the peri-ablative setting. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent a cardiac ablation procedure at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 2000 to 2014...
August 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
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