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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780640/plasma-chemerin-levels-are-increased-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-high-thrombus-burden
#1
Ahmet Hakan Ateş, Uğur Arslan, Aytekin Aksakal, Ahmet Yanık, Metin Özdemir, Selim Kul
Objective: To investigate plasma chemerin levels in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and find out possible relationships between plasma chemerin levels and angiographic characteristics. Patients and Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive patients who presented with STEMI and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary stents were enrolled, and 30 age- and sex-matched patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent coronary angiography formed the control group...
2018: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768378/cerebral-infarction-as-initial-presentation-in-stress-cardiomyopathy-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Qiongying Wang, Heng Yu, Cheng Jiang, Runmin Sun, Miaomiao Qi, Shougang Sun, Guangli Xu, Hongbin Cai, Zhenchang Zhang, Feng Zhao, Xiaoqing Kou, Jing Yu, Feng Bai
RATIONALE: The typical symptoms of stress cardiomyopathy include sudden-onset chest pain and breathlessness or collapse as well as classical symptoms of cardiovascular disease; however, rare reports have described nervous system symptoms as the initial manifestation. Here, we report the case of a young man who presented with a large cerebral infarction as the main clinical symptom of stress cardiomyopathy to increase recognition of the disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 28-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for sudden-onset weakness of the right limbs and unconsciousness for 1 day...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762937/endoaneurysmorrhaphy-for-a-giant-inferobasal-left-ventricular-aneurysm-restoring-mitral-function
#3
Bedri Ramadani, Paulus Schurr, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Artur Lichtenberg
Over the years, the surgery of ventricular postinfarction aneurysm has evolved from linear resection to endoaneurysmorrhaphy using a patch. Technically, several aims that include the restoration of ventricular shape and function, exclusion of dead space, minimization of the risk of thrombus formation and restoration of valve function are pursued. Herein is reported the case of a 58-year-old male with a giant inferobasal aneurysm involving the mitral valve apparatus who underwent successful endoaneurysmorrhaphy...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753538/atrial-fibrillation-intra-ventricular-thrombus-and-other-anticoagulant-indications-relationship-with-adverse-outcomes-in-acute-anterior-myocardial-infarction-patients
#4
Asma Bourezg, Thomas Bochaton, Nathan Mewton, Olivier Morel, Guillaume Cayla, Gilles Rioufol, Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Patrice Guerin, Meyer Elbaz, Inesse Boussaha, Camille Amaz, Denis Angoulvant, Michel Ovize
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of atrial fibrillation (AF), left ventricular thrombus (LVT), and other oral anticoagulant (OAC) indications on 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding in acute anterior ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). METHODS: Our study population included 969 anterior STEMI patients referred for PPCI from the prospective multicenter CIRCUS trial...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753394/usefulness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-universal-echocardiographic-contrast-to-detect-left-ventricular-thrombus-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#5
E Philip Lehman, Patricia A Cowper, Tiffany C Randolph, Andrzej S Kosinski, Renato D Lopes, Pamela S Douglas
Contrast is a recommended but frequently unused tool in transthoracic echocardiography to improve detection of left ventricular thrombus in patients with ejection fraction (EF) ≤35%. The clinical and economic outcomes of a possible solution (i.e., universal contrast use) remain uncertain. To estimate clinical benefit, cost, and cost-effectiveness of a diagnostic strategy of universal use of contrast (vs no contrast) during echocardiography in patients with reduced EF, we created a decision analytic model using echocardiography sensitivity and specificity for left ventricular thrombus detection from a meta-analysis, as well as survival and cost estimates from published literature...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746708/left-atrial-thrombus-two-years-after-placement-of-a-left-atrial-appendage-closure-device
#6
David H Yoo, Brian Clark, Daniel Nguyen, Timm-Michael Dickfeld, Andrew S Zohlman, Libin Wang, Vincent Y See
A 72-year-old man who underwent a left atrial appendage (LAA) closure device two years ago, presented with atrial flutter with rapid ventricular rate and was referred for cardioversion. Pre-cardioversion transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) showed left atrial thrombus and therefore the procedure was aborted. Currently, there is no guideline on imaging surveillance or anticoagulation in patients with LAA closure device who develop intracardiac thrombus after the initial six month surveillance period. This article is protected by copyright...
May 10, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745451/electronic-cardiac-arrest-triage-score-best-predicts-mortality-after-intervention-in-patients-with-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#7
Taishi Hirai, Steven Tate, Kathryn Dryer, Deshon Jones, Jonathan Rosenberg, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah, Kyle Carey, Matthew Churpek, Dana Edelson, Janet Friant, Jonathan Paul, John E A Blair
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the cardiac arrest triage (CART) Score would better predict poor outcomes after pharmacomechanical therapy (PMT) for massive and submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) than traditional risk scores BACKGROUND: PMT for massive and submassive PE allows for clot lysis with minimal doses of fibrinolytics. Although PMT results in improved right ventricular function, and reduced pulmonary pressures and thrombus burden, predictors of poor outcome are not well-studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PMT for massive or submassive PE at a single institution from 2010 to 2016...
May 10, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744657/transcatheter-intervention-of-coronary-obstructions-in-infants-children-and-young-adults
#8
Ryan Callahan, James E Lock, Pinak B Shah, Audrey C Marshall
This study assesses the characteristics of coronary obstructions that underwent transcatheter intervention in a pediatric catheterization laboratory, the procedural details, and patient outcomes. Acute cardiac failure due to coronary obstructions in children is rare. The role of catheter based intervention is largely unreported. Single center retrospective review between January 2000 and December 2016. Thirty-three patients (median age 2y/o [0-38], weighing 9.6 kg [2.2-91]) underwent 39 transcatheter interventions on 39 lesions, mainly left main coronary (16/39; 39%) and right coronary (9/39; 23%) arteries...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735275/is-rivaroxaban-a-safe-choice-for-apical-thrombus-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-case-report
#9
Fatih Aydin, Ozge Turgay Yildirim, Ayse Huseyinoglu Aydin, Evrin Dagtekin, Ercan Aksit
Left ventricular thrombi are mostly seen in the akinetic segments of left ventricle and warfarin is the golden standard treatment. In our case, a 67-year-old male patient with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and atrial fibrillation was under warfarin treatment, but due to fluctuations in international normalized ratio, warfarin was discontinued and changed to rivaroxaban (20 mg once a day). He had a fixed thrombus measuring 1.80 × 1.12 cm2 in the left ventricle under warfarin treatment before rivaroxaban use...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706554/-deferred-versus-immediate-stenting-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-residual-large-thrombus-burden-reclassified-in-the-culprit-lesion
#10
Piero Custodio-Sánchez, Félix Damas-De Los Santos, Marco A Peña-Duque, Daniel Coutiño-Castelán, Eduardo Arias-Sánchez, Arturo Abundes-Velasco, Oscar Castro-Alvarado, Franklyn A Colon-Arias, Carlos Alvarenga-Fajardo, César Hernández-Fonseca, Erika Rodríguez-Barriga, Adolfo Hernández-Padilla
BACKGROUND: Reclassification of a large thrombus burden is an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events and no-reflow in patients with ST- segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Patients with a greater residual thrombus burden have worse microvascular dysfunction and greater myocardial damage. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 833 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The final residual thrombus burden was reclassified after the lesion was wired, and a thrombus aspiration or balloon dilatation was performed to restore and stabilise a thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 2-3 flow...
April 26, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703012/successful-treatment-of-left-main-shock-syndrome-induced-by-thrombosed-coronary-artery-dissection-a-case-report
#11
Xiaojun Bai, Weiping Zhang, Zuyi Yuan
RATIONALE: Left main shock syndrome (LMSS) induced by thrombosed coronary artery dissection is very rare and has a fatal prognosis. Optimal treatment strategy includes early reperfusion and hemodynamic support to prevent cardiogenic shock. However, it involves the extension of technical difficulties under different conditions. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 49-year-old woman developed symptoms of left main shock syndrome. The main clinical manifestations were retrosternal pain radiating to his back and left shoulder, heavy sweating, palpitation and brachypnea...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691894/incremental-value-of-left-atrial-mechanical-dispersion-over-cha-2-ds-2-vasc-score-in-predicting-risk-of-thrombus-formation
#12
Karolina Kupczynska, Blazej W Michalski, Dawid Miskowiec, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak, Ewa Szymczyk, Paulina Wejner Mik, Piotr Lipiec
PURPOSE: To assess the potential ability of two-dimensional speckle tracking analysis (STE) during atrial fibrillation (AF) to identify patients with LA appendage thrombi (LAAT). METHODS: This study involved 93 patients with AF (39% female, 67.1 ± 9.5 years) who were referred for a clinical indication for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). TEE revealed LAAT in 39 (42%) patients. We analyzed standard parameters of the left ventricle (LV) and LA in transthoracic echocardiography...
April 24, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677037/small-left-ventricular-size-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-ventricular-assist-device-thrombosis
#13
Venkat Keshav Chivukula, Jennifer A Beckman, Anthony R Prisco, Shin Lin, Todd F Dardas, Richard K Cheng, Stephen D Farris, Jason W Smith, Nahush A Mokadam, Claudius Mahr, Alberto Aliseda
The prevalence of ventricular assist device (VAD) therapy has continued to increase due to a stagnant donor supply and growing advanced heart failure (HF) population. We hypothesize that left ventricular (LV) size strongly influences biocompatibility and risk of thrombosis. Unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was used in conjunction with patient-derived computational modeling and virtual surgery with a standard, apically implanted inflow cannula. A dual-focus approach of evaluating thrombogenicity was employed: platelet-based metrics to characterize the platelet environment and flow-based metrics to investigate hemodynamics...
April 18, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670522/dabigatran-added-to-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-to-treat-a-left-ventricular-thrombus-in-an-87-year-old-patient-with-myocardial-infarction-and-very-high-bleeding-risk
#14
Maria Noflatscher, Nicolas Moes, Eva-Maria Gassner, Peter Marschang
Background: A left ventricular (LV) thrombus is detected in approximately 5-10% of patients after myocardial infarction (MI). If left untreated, these LV thrombi carry a significant risk of complications including embolic stroke. According to current guidelines, anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is recommended to treat a LV thrombus. Case presentation: An 87 year old patient was referred to our department with non ST-elevation MI. Five months before, he had been diagnosed with a subacute ST elevation MI, which had been treated conservatively...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644236/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-with-a-large-apical-ventricular-aneurysm-and-mural-thrombus
#15
Munis Raza, Nagib Chalfoun, Abdallah Wissam, Hamza Hashmi, Richard McNamara
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by increased left ventricular wall thickness in the absence of any other identifiable cause of thickness. It predisposes the patient to increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to fatal arrhythmias. Approximately 2% of the HCM patients have left ventricular apical aneurysm. CMR imaging is better in identifying this apical aneurysm as compared to echocardiogram. This apical aneurysm, which can be akinetic or dyskinetic, increases the risk of disease-related adverse events as compared to general HCM...
March 14, 2018: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629921/assessment-of-cardiac-thrombosis-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-using-multidetector-cardiac-computed-tomography
#16
Chukwuemeka A Obi, Nicholas Chan, Monica G Rizkalla, John N Makaryus
: A 79-year-old man with nonischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent left ventricular assist device HeartMate II and automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement presented with recurrent refractory sustained ventricular tachycardia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and low haptoglobin. Echocardiography demonstrated no thrombosis; cardiac computed tomography showed patent inflow and outflow cannulas while detecting an irregularly shaped mass adherent to the left coronary cusp of the aortic valve, suggesting a thrombus...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629266/giant-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-as-a-late-complication-of-myocardial-infarction
#17
Inês Silveira, Patrícia Rodrigues, Catarina Gomes, Severo Torres
We present a case of a 63-year-old patient referred to a cardiology consultation due to progressive symptoms of heart failure. He had a history of an inferior ST elevation acute myocardial infarction 6 years ago. Echocardiogram revealed a giant left ventricular aneurysm/pseudoaneurysm involving the inferior and inferolateral left ventricular walls, with a massive mural thrombus. Additional characterization was done by cardiac magnetic resonance, essential in establishing the diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm and to guide subsequent management...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629262/thrombolysis-followed-by-apixaban-for-massive-pulmonary-embolism-and-free-floating-thrombus-in-right-ventricle-in-a-patient-with-breast-cancer
#18
Sergio Fasullo, Nicola Morabito, Sergio Cannizzaro, Gioacchino Cosenza, Vito Pinto, Filippo Ganci, Sebastiano Scalzo, Stefania Davi, Giorgio Maringhini
Free-floating thrombus in the right ventricle, associated with a massive acute pulmonary embolism (PE), is a rare phenomenon. PE is an important clinical entity with considerable mortality despite advances in diagnosis and treatment. The prognosis of PE depends on right ventricular dysfunction, myocardial injury markers, and early treatment. In this report, we present the case of a 71-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer admitted to intensive care unit for PE complicated by syncope. Although our case may seem complex because it is not represented in the guidelines, the result was satisfactory and showed how treatment with new anticoagulants (in this case apixaban) after massive thrombolysis of PE could be considered and included in the new guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626452/peripheral-distribution-of-thrombus-does-not-affect-outcomes-after-surgical-pulmonary-embolectomy
#19
Chetan Pasrija, Aakash Shah, Praveen George, Isa Mohammed, Francis A Brigante, Mehrdad Ghoreishi, Jean Jeudy, Bradley S Taylor, James S Gammie, Bartley P Griffith, Zachary N Kon
BACKGROUND: Thrombus located distal to the main or primary pulmonary arteries has been previously viewed as a relative contraindication to surgical pulmonary embolectomy. We compared outcomes for surgical pulmonary embolectomy for submassive and massive pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with central versus peripheral thrombus burden. METHODS: All consecutive patients (2011-2016) undergoing surgical pulmonary embolectomy at a single center were retrospectively reviewed...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622911/submitral-left-ventricular-aneurysm-associated-with-thrombus
#20
Abdusamed Adem Abdusamed, Hailu Abera Mulatu, Reinaldo Nunez Martinez
Background: Submitral left ventricular aneurysm is a rarely reported cardiac abnormality that is encountered commonly among blacks. So far, only one case has been reported from Ethiopia and East Africa.Our aim is to report an interesting and rare case that we encountered at St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College. Methods: In April 2017, a 25-year-old patient havingsubmitral left ventricular aneurysm with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV heart failure and mild left ventricular systolic dysfunctionreceived medical treatment at our institution...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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