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ventricular thrombus

Sourabh Aggarwal, Feng Xie, Robin High, Gregory Pavlides, Thomas R Porter
BACKGROUND: Although microvascular flow abnormalities have been observed following epicardial recanalization in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the prevalence and severity of these abnormalities in the current era of rapid percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess microvascular perfusion (MVP) following successful primary PCI in patients with STEMI and how it affects clinical outcome. METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective study, 170 patients who successfully underwent emergent PCI for STEMI were assessed using real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography using a continuous infusion of intravenous commercial microbubbles (3% Definity)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Maria Asuncion Esteve-Pastor, Esteban Orenes-Piñero, Vanessa Roldán, Javier Lacunza-Ruiz, Mariano Valdés, Francisco Marín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cardiology Journal
Takeshi Yamamoto
High-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening disorder associated with high mortality and morbidity. Most deaths in patients with shock occur within the first few hours after presentation, and rapid diagnosis and treatment is therefore essential to save patients' lives. The main manifestations of major PE are acute right ventricular (RV) failure and hypoxia. RV pressure overload is predominantly related to the interaction between the mechanical pulmonary vascular obstruction and the underlying cardiopulmonary status...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
Roland Hetzer, Mariano Francisco Del Maria Javier, Eva Maria Delmo Walter
Background: While heart transplantation has gained recognition as the gold standard therapy for advanced heart failure, the scarcity of donor organs has become an important concern. The evolution of surgical alternatives such as ventricular assist devices (VADs), allow for recovery of the myocardium and ensure patient survival until heart transplantation becomes possible. This report elaborates the role of VADs as a bridge to heart transplantation in infants and children (≤18 years old) with end-stage heart failure...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Jennifer M Loewen, Rachel E Cianciolo, Liwen Zhang, Michael Yaeger, Jessica L Ward, Jodi D Smith, Dana N LeVine
Thymoma-associated nephropathies have been reported in people but not in dogs. In this report, we describe a dog with thymoma and concurrent renal amyloidosis. A 7-year-old castrated male Weimaraner was presented for progressive anorexia, lethargy, and tachypnea. The dog was diagnosed with azotemia, marked proteinuria, and a thymoma that was surgically removed. Postoperatively, the dog developed a large left ventricular thrombus and was euthanized. Necropsy confirmed the presence of a left ventricular thrombus and histopathology revealed renal amyloidosis...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Hiroki Hayashi, Kazunori Ishikawa, Hideaki Mori, Mitsuhiro Kamiyoshihara
A 50-year-old woman visited a previous hospital because of aphasia. She was diagnosed as having cardiogenic embolism and left ventricular thrombus. Anticoagulant therapy was performed but was unsuccessful because of hypermenorrhea due to the myoma of the uterus. She was transferred to our hospital to receive surgical treatment. After uterine myomectomy, we performed video-assisted transaortic left ventricular thrombectomy. Her postoperative course was uneventful. Left ventriculotomy has been the standard approach for left ventricular thrombectomy...
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Shamir R Mehta, Kevin R Bainey, Warren J Cantor, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, Simon D Robinson, Matthew Sibbald, Derek Y So, Graham C Wong, Joseph G Abunassar, Margaret L Ackman, Alan D Bell, Raymond Cartier, James D Douketis, Patrick R Lawler, Michael S McMurtry, Jacob A Udell, Sean van Diepen, Subodh Verma, G B John Mancini, John A Cairns, Jean-François Tanguay
Antiplatelet therapy (APT) has become an important tool in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerotic events, particularly those associated with coronary artery disease. A large evidence base has evolved regarding the relationship between APT prescription in various clinical contexts and risk/benefit relationships. The Guidelines Committee of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society and Canadian Association of Interventional Cardiology publishes regular updates of its recommendations, taking into consideration the most recent clinical evidence...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Radoslaw Pracon, Sripal Bangalore, Zofia Dzielinska, Marek Konka, Cezary Kepka, Mariusz Kruk, Edyta Kaczmarska-Dyrda, Joanna Petryka-Mazurkiewicz, Sebastian Bujak, Mateusz Solecki, Agnieszka Pskit, Agnieszka Dabrowska, Bartosz Sieradzki, Andrzej Plonski, Witold Ruzyllo, Adam Witkowski, Marcin Demkow
BACKGROUND: Device-related thrombus (DRT) after left atrial appendage occlusion is a worrisome finding with little knowledge about when to expect it and how to prevent it. This study sought to investigate correlates of DRT after left atrial appendage occlusion, its time of diagnosis, and particularly, association with postimplantation dual antiplatelet therapy duration. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (n=102) after left atrial appendage occlusion with AMPLATZER Cardiac Plug/Amulet (n=59) or WATCHMAN (n=43) were included in a prospective registry (October 2011-May 2016)...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Anoop Ayyappan
A 17-year-old girl with situs ambiguous, hypoplastic right ventricle with a large ventricular septal defect, and severe pulmonary stenosis had undergone Kawashima operation 10 years back. She had significant desaturation because of a large Abernethy malformation, with reverse shunting from the inferior caval vein to the portal vein. It was closed with a vascular plug, with improvement in oxygen saturation. She developed extensive inferior caval vein thrombus following the procedure, which was managed conservatively by anti-coagulation...
February 21, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Lisa Baumann Kreuziger, Mark S Slaughter, Kartik Sundareswaran, Alan E Mast
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) thrombosis is a devastating complication that occurs in about 10% of patients despite anticoagulation and antiplatelet treatment. How the thrombus initiates and propagates is unknown. We pathologically and immunohistochemically examined 28 thrombi removed from 17 HeartMate II LVADs. Two groups of thrombi were found: those formed in the inlet/outlet and those on the rotor. The four thrombi found at the inlet (three inlet conduit and one inlet tube) and outlet (three at outlet elbow and one outlet graft) appeared similar and were composed of a loose meshwork of fibrin(ogen), von Willebrand factor, leukocytes, and aggregated platelets...
February 15, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Mi-Na Kim, Jae-Min Shim, Jong-Il Choi, Seong-Mi Park, Young Hoon Kim, Wan Joo Shim
BACKGROUND: Female sex is a risk factor for thromboembolism (TE) in atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We postulated that left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) could be associated with increased thromboembolic risk in women. METHODS: From a retrospective cohort, 158 patients (female : male = 79:79) with nonvalvular AF were propensity score-matched for age, presence of diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, embolic history, AF type, and AF duration...
February 20, 2018: Echocardiography
Nicholas J Whitehead, Stuart Murch, James W Leitch, Rosemary A Hackworthy
A young woman presented with fulminant heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction with a mass adjacent to the basal anterior wall, near the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). The cause of the acute heart failure and mass was unclear. Transesophageal echocardiography, with contrast, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with thrombus near the LVOT. Cardiac biopsy suggested giant cell myocarditis. The patient was treated with anticoagulation, steroids, and heart failure medications with resolution of the thrombus...
February 19, 2018: Echocardiography
Sheeren Khaled, Rajaa Matahen
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains a leading cause of death in the United States. Numerous studies have shown that the degree of LV systolic dysfunction is a major if not the most important determinant of long-term outcome in ACS. OBJECTIVES: To identify the most important risk factors and other clinical predictors which might have impact on left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with ACS. RESULTS: The total patients (299) admitted to our center from July, 2015 till December, 2015; with established diagnosis of ACS were classified in to two groups: Group I: 193 patients with impaired LVEF <40% (64...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Ingo Eitel, Thomas Stiermaier, Torben Lange, Karl-Philipp Rommel, Alexander Koschalka, Johannes T Kowallick, Joachim Lotz, Shelby Kutty, Matthias Gutberlet, Gerd Hasenfuß, Holger Thiele, Andreas Schuster
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to assess the prognostic significance of cardiac magnetic resonance myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) in a large multicenter study and to evaluate the most potent CMR-FT predictor of hard clinical events following myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: CMR-FT is a new method that allows accurate assessment of global and regional circumferential, radial, and longitudinal myocardial strain. The prognostic value of CMR-FT in patients with reperfused MI is unknown...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Laura Petruescu, Fabien Picard, Alain Cariou, Olivier Varenne
A 63-year-old man presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The coronary angiogram with intravascular imaging was performed and showed a mid-left anterior descending artery atherosclerotic cap rupture with thrombus burden treated with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. During the hospitalisation in the intensive care unit, the patient experienced recurrent ventricular fibrillations and asystole with transient ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads with normal coronary angiography. A methylergonovine provocative test was therefore performed and showed an occlusive right coronary artery (RCA) spasm...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Ahmed S Yassin, Hossam Abubakar, Tushar Mishra, Omeralfaroug Adam, Melanie Hartman, Mohit Pahuja, Mohamed Shokr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Hubert Cochet, Xavier Iriart, Soumaya Sridi, Claudia Camaioni, Olivier Corneloup, Michel Montaudon, François Laurent, Wieme Selmi, Pauline Renou, Zakaria Jalal, Jean-Benoît Thambo
Aims: Transoesophageal echocardiography studies have reported frequent peri-device leaks and device-related thrombi (DRT) after percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion. We assessed the prevalence, characteristics and correlates of leaks and DRT on cardiac computed tomography (CT) after LAA occlusion. Methods and results: Consecutive patients underwent cardiac CT before LAA occlusion to assess left atrial (LA) volume, LAA shape, and landing zone diameter...
February 2, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Shengnan Wang, Junshu Jiang, Yue Wang, Qilan Jia, Shufang Dai, Yuping Wang, Li Lv, Jihong Wang
Recombinant Lampetra japonica RGD-peptide (rLj-RGD3), a soluble protein containing three RGD sequences, was acquired from the oral salivary glands of Lampetra japonica using recombinant DNA technology. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of rLj-RGD3 against acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by coronary artery thrombosis, as well as the underlying mechanisms. A rat model of AMI caused by ferric chloride-induced thrombosis on the surface of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was successfully established...
February 3, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Mark R Heckle, Cody W McCoy, Oluwaseun A Akinseye, Rami N Khouzam
Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM), also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy has a favorable prognosis with expected recovery in weeks. Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is a known complication of TCM, which can lead to embolization and potentially a stroke. The prevalence of LV thrombus and the role of anticoagulation have yet to be fully defined in this condition. Methods: We performed a search of published literature through PubMed and Scopus, which identified 282 patients with TCM in whom the incidence of LV thrombus and/or thromboembolic event was reported...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Brit Long, Jennifer Robertson, Alex Koyfman, Kurian Maliel, Justin R Warix
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an abnormal heart rhythm which may lead to stroke, heart failure, and death. Emergency physicians play a role in diagnosing AF, managing symptoms, and lessening complications from this dysrhythmia. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates recent literature and addresses ED considerations in the management of AF. DISCUSSION: Emergency physicians should first assess patient clinical stability and evaluate and treat reversible causes...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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