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Chicken Immunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410454/transcriptomic-analysis-of-host-immune-response-in-the-skin-of-chickens-infected-with-marek-s-disease-virus
#1
Mohammad Heidari, Phillip C Delekta
Marek's disease virus (MDV), a highly cell-associated oncogenic α-herpesvirus, is the causative agent of T cell lymphoma and neuropathic disease called Marek's disease. The skin is the only anatomical site where infectious enveloped cell-free virions are produced and shed into the environment. Studies have demonstrated that MDV infection induces immunological responses within the skin, including the release of cytokines and the recruitment of T lymphocytes. The host immune response, however, is not sufficient to block replication and shedding of the virus particles from the skin...
April 14, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361853/anticancer-effect-and-immunologic-response-to-xenogeneic-embryonic-proteins-in-mice-bearing-ehrlich-solid-carcinoma
#2
T V Symchych, N I Fedosova, О М Karaman, L M Yevstratieva, H P Potebnia
AIM: To investigate anticancer and immunologic effects of chicken embryonic proteins (CEP) in mice bearing Ehrlich solid carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on male Balb/c mice bearing Ehrlich solid carcinoma. The immunizations were performed after the tumor transplantation. The immune status was assessed on days 7, 14, 21 and 28 after the tumor challenge. Cytotoxic activity (CAT) of macrophages (Mph), natural killer cells (NK), cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) and blood serum, as well as the influence of the blood serum on immune cells activity was checked in MTT-assay; Mph's cytochemical activity was tested in NBT-assay; Ehrlich antigen-specific or CEP-specific antibodies were detected in ELISA-assay; medium size circulating immune complexes (CIC) were detected in reaction of 4...
March 2017: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332643/virus-mutations-and-their-impact-on-vaccination-against-infectious-bursal-disease-gumboro-disease
#3
A Boudaoud, B Mamache, W Tombari, A Ghram
Infectious bursal disease (also known as Gumboro disease) is an immunosuppressive viral disease specific to chickens. In spite of all the information amassed on the antigenic and immunological characteristics of the virus, the disease has not yet been brought fully under control. It is still prevalent in properly vaccinated flocks carrying specific antibodies at levels normally high enough to prevent the disease. Common causes apart, failure of vaccination against infectious bursal disease is associated mainly with early vaccination in flocks of unknown immune status and with the evolution of viruses circulating in the field, leading to antigenic drift and a sharp rise in pathogenicity...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332622/b-lymphocytes-play-a-limited-role-in-clearance-of-campylobacter-jejuni-from-the-chicken-intestinal-tract
#4
Lizeth Lacharme-Lora, Gemma Chaloner, Rachel Gilroy, Suzanne Humphrey, Kirsty Gibbs, Sue Jopson, Elli Wright, William Reid, Julian Ketley, Tom Humphrey, Nicola Williams, Steven Rushton, Paul Wigley
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis with contaminated poultry meat its main source. Control of C. jejuni is a priority for the poultry industry but no vaccines are available and their development hampered by poor understanding of the immunobiology of C. jejuni infection. Here we show the functional role of B lymphocytes in response to C. jejuni in the chicken through depletion of the B lymphocyte population (bursectomy) followed by challenge. B lymphocyte depletion has little effect on bacterial numbers in the ceca, the main site of colonisation, where C...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321412/recombinant-lactococcus-lactis-expressing-haemagglutinin-from-a-polish-avian-h5n1-isolate-and-its-immunological-effect-in-preliminary-animal-trials
#5
Agnieszka K Szczepankowska, Katarzyna Szatraj, Przemysław Sałański, Agnieszka Rózga, Roman K Górecki, Jacek K Bardowski
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are Gram-positive, nonpathogenic microorganisms that are gaining much interest as antigen producers for development of live vaccine vectors. Heterologous proteins of different origin have been successfully expressed in various LAB species, including Lactococcus lactis. Recombinant L. lactis strains have been shown to induce specific local and systemic immune responses against various antigens. Our study aimed at constructing a L. lactis strain expressing haemagglutinin of a Polish avian H5H1 influenza isolate and examining its effect on animals...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288769/construction-and-immunological-evaluation-of-recombinant-lactobacillus-plantarum-expressing-so7-of-eimeria-tenella-fusion-dc-targeting-peptide
#6
Guilian Yang, Jiayun Yao, Wentao Yang, Yanlong Jiang, Jinfen Du, Haibin Huang, Wei Gu, Jingtao Hu, Liping Ye, Chunwei Shi, Baolong Shan, Chunfeng Wang
The coccidiosis caused by Eimeria tenella (coccidian) and other species is a serious parasitic disease that affects the global poultry breeding industry. Lactobacillus strains exhibit a number of properties that make them attractive candidates as delivery vehicles for presentation to the mucosa of compounds with pharmaceutical interest, particularly vaccines. Here, the recombinant Lactobacillus plantarum (co-expressing SO7 and DCpep gene) was constructed, and its efficacy against E. tenella challenge was evaluated in this study...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286647/investigation-of-the-immune-effects-of-scutellaria-baicalensis-on-blood-leukocytes-and-selected-organs-of-the-chicken-s-lymphatic-system
#7
Bożena Króliczewska, Stanisław Graczyk, Jarosław Króliczewski, Aleksandra Pliszczak-Król, Dorota Miśta, Wojciech Zawadzki
BACKGROUND: The health of chickens and the welfare of poultry industry are central to the efforts of addressing global food security. Therefore, it is essential to study chicken immunology to maintain and improve its health and to find novel and sustainable solutions. This paper presents a study on investigation of the effect of Scutellaria baicalensis root (SBR) on the immune response of broiler chicken, especially on lymphocytes and heterophils reactivity, regarding their contribution to the development of immunity of the chickens...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223253/development-and-characterization-of-mouse-monoclonal-antibodies-reactive-with-chicken-cxcli2
#8
Woo H Kim, Hyun S Lillehoj, Yeaseul Lim, Wongi Min, Yvonne B Sullivan, Laura Kakach, Joanna W LaBresh
Interleukin-8(IL-8)/CXCL8 is a CXC-family chemokine that attracts lymphocytes to sites of tissue damage and plays a role in the inflammatory response and wound healing. Chicken chemotactic and angiogenic factor was referred to as chCXCLi2 and has been studied as one of human CXCL8 homologue for more than 20 years. However, no monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that specifically detect chCXCLi2 have been developed. Here, we developed and characterized mouse mAbs against chCXCLi2 to define its immunological properties...
July 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208594/immunomodulatory-and-anti-ibdv-activities-of-the-polysaccharide-aex-from-coccomyxa-gloeobotrydiformis
#9
Qiang Guo, Qiang Shao, Wenping Xu, Lei Rui, Ryo Sumi, Fumio Eguchi, Zandong Li
A number of polysaccharides have been reported to show immunomodulatory and antiviral activities against various animal viruses. AEX is a polysaccharide extracted from the green algae, Coccomyxa gloeobotrydiformis. The aim of this study was to examine the function of AEX in regulating the immune response in chickens and its capacity to inhibit the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), to gain an understanding of its immunomodulatory and antiviral ability. Here, preliminary immunological tests in vitro showed that the polysaccharide AEX can activate the chicken peripheral blood molecular cells' (PBMCs) response by inducing the production of cytokines and NO, promote extracellular antigen presentation but negatively regulate intracellular antigen presentation in chicken splenic lymphocytes, and promote the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes and DT40 cells...
February 10, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178957/immunological-aspects-of-the-efficiency-of-protectotype-vaccination-strategy-against-chicken-infectious-bronchitis
#10
Marcin Smialek, Bartlomiej Tykalowski, Daria Dziewulska, Tomasz Stenzel, Andrzej Koncicki
BACKGROUND: One of the most commonly applied protectotype vaccination protocol against infectious bronchitis (IB) in broiler chickens in the EU is simultaneous or alternate use of Ma5 and 4/91 vaccine strains. After IB vaccination and infection, systemic and upper respiratory tract (URT), humoral and cell-mediated immunity (CMI), are stimulated. The level of this stimulation correlates with the level of protection against IB. RESULTS: We've investigated the development of URT and systemic, cell-mediated and humoral immunity in commercial broiler chickens vaccinated with Ma5 and/or 4/91 strains at hatch day...
February 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149670/expression-and-regulation-of-cholecystokinin-receptor-in-the-chicken-s-immune-organs-and-cells
#11
Seham El-Kassas, Solomon Odemuyiwa, George Hajishengallis, Terry D Connell, Toufic O Nashar
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a neuropeptide that affects growth rate in chickens by regulating appetite. CCK peptides exert their function by binding to two identified receptors, CCKAR and CCKBR in the GI tract and the brain, respectively, as well as in other organs. In mammals, CCK/CCKAR interactions affect a number of immunological parameters, including regulation of lymphocytes and functioning of monocytes. Thus, food intake and growth can potentially be altered by infection and the resulting inflammatory immune response...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131368/a-live-attenuated-mutant-of-salmonella-montevideo-triggers-il-6-ifn-%C3%AE-and-il-12-cytokines-that-co-related-with-humoral-and-cellular-immune-responses-required-for-reduction-of-challenge-bacterial-load-in-experimental-chickens
#12
Jonathan Lalsiamthara, John Hwa Lee
A live attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Montevideo (SM) mutant JOL1599 was constructed by deletion of virulence-associated genes. The protective efficacy and immune response profiles of chickens immunized with JOL1599 were investigated. Immunized chickens demonstrated significant increases in plasma IgG and lymphocyte proliferative responses (P≤0.05). Increased levels of IL-6, INF-γ, and IL-12 were also observed. Immunized birds strongly responded to infection by rapid stimulation of a CD4+ subset of T cells...
February 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100167/conserved-gene-expression-in-sperm-reservoirs-between-birds-and-mammals-in-response-to-mating
#13
Mohammad Atikuzzaman, Manuel Alvarez-Rodriguez, Alejandro Vicente Carrillo, Martin Johnsson, Dominic Wright, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Spermatozoa are stored in the oviductal functional sperm reservoir in animals with internal fertilization, including zoologically distant classes such as pigs or poultry. They are held fertile in the reservoir for times ranging from a couple of days (in pigs), to several weeks (in chickens), before they are gradually released to fertilize the newly ovulated eggs. It is currently unknown whether females from these species share conserved mechanisms to tolerate such a lengthy presence of immunologically-foreign spermatozoa...
January 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098886/novel-zinc-phthalocyanine-as-a-promising-photosensitizer-for-photodynamic-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#14
Weronika Kuzyniak, Jacob Schmidt, Wojciech Glac, Janine Berkholz, Gustav Steinemann, Björn Hoffmann, Eugeny A Ermilov, Ayşe Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Bianca Nitzsche, Michael Höpfner
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gathered much attention in the field of cancer treatment and is increasingly used as an alternative solution for esophageal cancer therapy. However, there is a constant need for improving the effectiveness and tolerability of the applied photosensitizers (PS). Here, we propose tetra-triethyleneoxysulfonyl substituted zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) as a promising PS for photodynamic treatment of esophageal cancer. ZnPc-induced phototoxicity was studied in two human esophageal cancer cell lines: OE-33 (adenocarcinoma) and Kyse-140 (squamous cell carcinoma)...
March 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063704/immunization-with-salmonella-enteritidis-secreting-mucosal-adjuvant-labile-toxin-confers-protection-against-wild-type-challenge-via-augmentation-of-cd3-cd4-t-cell-proliferation-and-enhancement-of-ifn-%C3%AE-il-6-and-il-10-expressions-in-chicken
#15
Jonathan Lalsiamthara, John Hwa Lee
The protective efficacy and immunological profiles of chickens immunized with an attenuated Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) constitutively secreting double mutant heat labile enterotoxin (dmLT) were investigated. The dmLT is a detoxified variant of Escherichia coli heat labile toxin and is a potent mucosal adjuvant capable of inducing both humoral and cell-mediated immunity. In this study, four-week-old chickens were inoculated with SE-dmLT strain JOL1641, parental SE strain JOL1087 or phosphate buffered saline control...
February 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061467/cytological-study-on-the-regulation-of-lymphocyte-homing-in-the-chicken-spleen-during-lps-stimulation
#16
Qian Zhang, Yasir Waqas, Ping Yang, Xuejing Sun, Yi Liu, Nisar Ahmed, Bing Chen, Quanfu Li, Lisi Hu, Yufei Huang, Hong Chen, Bing Hu, Qiusheng Chen
The immune function of the chicken spleen depends on its different compartments of red and white pulps, but little is known about the mechanism underlying lymphocyte homing towards the different compartments. In the present study, the role of lymphocyte homing in the chicken spleen was investigated during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Morphological analysis demonstrated the cuboidal endothelial cells of the splenic sheathed capillary facilitated the passage of lymphocyte homing to the chicken spleen...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057573/characterization-of-polysaccharides-extracted-from-platycodon-grandiflorus-jacq-a-dc-affecting-activation-of-chicken-peritoneal-macrophages
#17
Pimiao Zheng, Wentao Fan, Shenghua Wang, Pan Hao, Yang Wang, Huiyu Wan, Zhihui Hao, Jianzhu Liu, Xiaona Zhao
Polysaccharides were isolated from Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC. (PG) and the effects of three polysaccharides (PGPS80, PGPS60, PGPSt) on their immunological activities were studied. The structure identification of PGPSs was assessed using physicochemical and spectral methods. Results showed that PGPSt(2.67×10(5)Da) compared to PGPS80(1.01×10(5)Da) and PGPS60(1.12×10(5)Da) has relatively higher average molecular weight(Mw) at the first peak with a narrower molecular weight distribution and all consisted of glucose, mannose, arabinose, galactose, xylose and rhamnose in different mass percentages...
March 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010157/evaluation-of-immune-response-in-challenged-chickens-vaccinated-with-newcastle-disease-vaccine-using-gums-from-cedrela-odorata-and-khaya-senegalensis-as-delivery-agents
#18
V O Oyebanji, B O Emikpe, Omolade A Oladele, M O Odeniyi, A Salami, O I Osowole, O B Kasali, O A Akinboade
Immune response of challenged chickens following previous vaccinations with Newcastle disease vaccine using gums from Cedrela odorata and Khaya senegalensis as delivery agent were evaluated. Two hundred and fifty-two (252) one-day old chickens were divided into vaccine-gum oral (GVOR), vaccine-gum ocular (GVOC), vaccine oral (VOR), vaccine ocular (VOC), gum oral (GOR), gum ocular (GOC), No-gum-no-vaccine/challenged (NGNV/C) & No-gum-no-vaccine/unchallenged (NGNV/U) groups. They were vaccinated at days 21 & 42 and challenged at day 84...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894330/marek-s-disease-in-chickens-a-review-with-focus-on-immunology
#19
REVIEW
Nitish Boodhoo, Angila Gurung, Shayan Sharif, Shahriar Behboudi
Marek's disease (MD), caused by Marek's disease virus (MDV), is a commercially important neoplastic disease of poultry which is only controlled by mass vaccination. Importantly, vaccines that can provide sterile immunity and inhibit virus transmission are lacking; such that vaccines are only capable of preventing neuropathy, oncogenic disease and immunosuppression, but are unable to prevent MDV transmission or infection, leading to emergence of increasingly virulent pathotypes. Hence, to address these issues, developing more efficacious vaccines that induce sterile immunity have become one of the important research goals for avian immunologists today...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853585/domestication-and-tameness-brain-gene-expression-in-red-junglefowl-selected-for-less-fear-of-humans-suggests-effects-on-reproduction-and-immunology
#20
Johan Bélteky, Beatrix Agnvall, Martin Johnsson, Dominic Wright, Per Jensen
The domestication of animals has generated a set of phenotypic modifications, affecting behaviour, appearance, physiology and reproduction, which are consistent across a range of species. We hypothesized that some of these phenotypes could have evolved because of genetic correlation to tameness, an essential trait for successful domestication. Starting from an outbred population of red junglefowl, ancestor of all domestic chickens, we selected birds for either high or low fear of humans for five generations...
August 2016: Royal Society Open Science
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