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Dopamine D2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792867/effects-of-amphetamine-exposure-during-adolescence-on-behavior-and-prelimbic-cortex-neuron-activity-in-adulthood
#1
Luke K Sherrill, Joshua M Gulley
Repeated exposure to psychostimulants during adolescence produces long-lasting changes in behavior that may be mediated by disrupted development of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system. Here, we tested this hypothesis by assessing the effects of amphetamine (AMPH) and dopamine receptor-selective drugs on behavior and neuron activity in the prelimbic region of the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC). Adolescent male, Sprague-Dawley rats were given saline or 3 mg/kg AMPH between postnatal day (P) 27 and P45. In Experiment 1, locomotor behavior was assessed during adulthood following challenges with a dopamine D1 (SKF 82958) or D2 (quinpirole) receptor-selective agonist...
May 21, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786666/dopamine-receptor-subtypes-differentially-regulate-autophagy
#2
Dongmei Wang, Xinmiao Ji, Juanjuan Liu, Zhiyuan Li, Xin Zhang
Some dopamine receptor subtypes were reported to participate in autophagy regulation, but their exact functions and mechanisms are still unclear. Here we found that dopamine receptors D2 and D3 (D2-like family) are positive regulators of autophagy, while dopamine receptors D1 and D5 (D1-like family) are negative regulators. Furthermore, dopamine and ammonia, the two reported endogenous ligands of dopamine receptors, both can induce dopamine receptor internalization and degradation. In addition, we found that AKT (protein kinase B)-mTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) and AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) pathways are involved in DRD3 (dopamine receptor D3) regulated autophagy...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786071/dopamine-d2-receptor-restricts-astrocytic-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-via-enhancing-the-interaction-of-%C3%AE-arrestin2-and-nlrp3
#3
Jialei Zhu, Zhaoli Hu, Xiaojuan Han, Dongshuo Wang, Qingling Jiang, Jianhua Ding, Ming Xiao, Cong Wang, Ming Lu, Gang Hu
Astrocytes are involved in the neuroinflammation of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Among the numerous inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) produced by astrocytic Nod-like receptor protein (NLRP) inflammasome is crucial in the pathogenesis of PD. β-arrestin2-mediated dopamine D2 receptor (Drd2) signal transduction has been regarded as a potential anti-inflammatory target. Our previous study revealed that astrocytic Drd2 suppresses neuroinflammation in the central nervous system...
May 21, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782864/are-dopamine-receptor-and-transporter-changes-in-rett-syndrome-reflected-in-mecp2-deficient-mice
#4
Dean F Wong, Mary E Blue, James R Brašić, Ayon Nandi, Heather Valentine, Kirstie H Stansfield, Olivier Rousset, Genila Bibat, Mary E Yablonski, Michael V Johnston, Albert Gjedde, SakkuBai Naidu
In the present study we tested the claim that the dopaminergic dysfunction of Rett Syndrome (RTT) also occurs in Mecp2-deficient mice that serve as a model of the syndrome. We used positron emission tomography (PET) to image dopamine D2 receptors (D2 R) and transporters (DAT) in women with RTT and in Mecp2-deficient mice, and D1 R and D2 R density was measured in postmortem human tissue by autoradiography. Results showed 1) significantly reduced D2 R density in the striatum of women with RTT compared to control subjects...
May 18, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781098/pet-imaging-of-the-influence-of-physiological-and-pathological-%C3%AE-synuclein-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-neurotransmission-in-mouse-models
#5
Elise Levigoureux, Caroline Bouillot, Thierry Baron, Luc Zimmer, Sophie Lancelot
AIMS: Alpha-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation is a neuropathological hallmark of neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. This in vivo study explored glucose metabolism and dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmission in KO α-syn, wild-type mice and an accelerated murine model of synucleinopathy (M83). METHODS: MicroPET acquisitions were performed in all animals aged 5-6 months using five radiotracers exploring brain glucose metabolism ([18 F]FDG), dopamine neurotransmission ([11 C]raclopride, [11 C]PE2I) and serotonin neurotransmission ([18 F]MPPF, [11 C]DASB)...
May 20, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780881/nucleus-accumbens-microcircuit-underlying-d2-msn-driven-increase-in-motivation
#6
Carina Soares-Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Ana Verónica Domingues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Nuno Sousa, Ana João Rodrigues
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays a central role in reinforcement and motivation. Around 95% of the NAc neurons are medium spiny neurons (MSNs), divided into those expressing dopamine receptor D1 (D1R) or dopamine receptor D2 (D2R). Optogenetic activation of D2-MSNs increased motivation, whereas inhibition of these neurons produced the opposite effect. Yet, it is still unclear how activation of D2-MSNs affects other local neurons/interneurons or input terminals and how this contributes for motivation enhancement...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775777/antidepressant-potential-of-novel-flavonoids-derivatives-from-sweet-violet-viola-odorata-l-pharmacological-biochemical-and-computational-evidences-for-possible-involvement-of-serotonergic-mechanism
#7
Nasiara Karim, Imran Khan, Abeer Abdelhalim, Ajmal Khan, Sobia Ahsan Halim
Plant-derived natural constituents are of great interest in modern drug discovery due to their natural diversity. Viola odorata L has been traditionally used for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. The present study was undertaken to isolate phytoconstituents including three flavonoids 5,7-Dihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone[1] 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3',5'dimethoxyflavone [2] and 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-methoxyflavone [3] from the whole plant of Viola odorata L and to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of these compounds and their possible mechanism of action using antagonists of the serotonergic, dopaminergic and adrenergic system...
May 15, 2018: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775630/the-basolateral-amygdala-dopaminergic-system-contributes-to-the-improving-effect-of-nicotine-on-stress-induced-memory-impairment-in-rats
#8
Elnaz Keshavarzian, Zahra Ghasemzadeh, Ameneh Rezayof
Stress seems to be an important risk factor in the beginning and continuing stages of cigarette tobacco smoking in humans. Considering that both of nicotine administration and stress exposure affect cognitive functions including memory formation, the aim of the present study was 1) to evaluate the effect of subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of nicotine on memory formation under stress and 2) to assess the possible role of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the effect of nicotine on stress-induced memory retrieval impairment...
May 15, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772497/the-role-of-the-vasopressin-system-and-dopamine-d1-receptors-in-the-effects-of-social-housing-condition-on-morphine-reward
#9
M L Shawn Bates, Rebeca S Hofford, Michael A Emery, Paul J Wellman, Shoshana Eitan
BACKGROUND: The association with opioid-abusing individuals or even the perception of opioid abuse by peers are risk factors for the initiation and escalation of abuse. Similarly, we demonstrated that morphine-treated animals housed with only morphine-treated animals (referred to as morphine only) acquire morphine conditioned place-preference (CPP) more readily than morphine-treated animals housed with drug-naïve animals (referred to as morphine cage-mates). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are still elusive...
April 22, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770746/-express-chronic-inflammatory-pain-decreases-the-glutamate-vesicles-in-presynaptic-terminals-of-the-nucleus-accumbens
#10
Chuchu Qi, Baolin Guo, Keke Ren, Han Yao, Mengmeng Wang, Tangna Sun, Guohong Cai, Haiying Liu, Rui Li, Ceng Luo, Wenting Wang, Sheng-Xi Wu
Reward system has been proved to be important to nociceptive behavior, and the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a key node in reward circuitry. It has been further revealed that dopamine system modulates the NAc to influence the pain sensation, whereas the role of glutamatergic projection in the NAc in the modulation of chronic pain is still elusive. In this study, we used a Complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) -induced chronic inflammatory pain model to explore the changes of the glutamatergic terminals in the NAc, and we found that following the chronic inflammation, the protein level of vesicular glutamate transporters1 (VGLUT1) was significant decreased in the NAc...
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769195/osteocyte-driven-downregulation-of-snail-restrains-effects-of-drd2-inhibitors-on-mammary-tumor-cells
#11
Shengzhi Liu, Yao Fan, Andy Chen, Aydin Jalali, Kazumasa Minami, Kazuhiko Ogawa, Harikrishna Nakshatri, Bai-Yan Li, Hiroki Yokota
While bone is a frequent target of breast cancer-associated metastasis, little is known about the effects of tumor-bone interactions on the efficacy of tumor-suppressing agents. Here we examined the effect of two FDA-approved dopamine modulators, Fluphenazine (FP) and Trifluoperazine (TFP), on mammary tumor cells, osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and osteocytes. These agents suppressed proliferation and migration of mammary tumor cells chiefly by antagonizing dopamine receptor D2 and reduced bone resorption by downregulating nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (Nfatc1)...
May 16, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767374/the-effect-of-ca1-dopaminergic-system-on-amnesia-induced-by-harmane-in-mice
#12
Mohammad Nasehi, Simin Hasanvand, Fatemeh Khakpai, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
In the present study, the effects of bilateral injections of dopaminergic drugs into the hippocampal CA1 regions (intra-CA1) on harmane-induced amnesia were examined in mice. We used a single-trial step-down inhibitory avoidance task for the assessment of memory acquisition in adult male mice. Our data indicated that pre-training intra-peritoneal (i.p.) administration of harmane (12 mg/kg) impaired memory acquisition. Moreover, intra-CA1 administration of dopamine D1 receptor agonist, SKF38393 (0.25 µg/mouse), dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390 (0...
May 16, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760667/a-drd2-annk1-comt-interaction-consisting-of-functional-variants-confers-risk-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-chinese
#13
Kunlin Zhang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Gen Li, Ruojiao Fang, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Xiangyang Zhang, Israel Liberzon
Objective: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma- and stress-related psychiatric syndrome that occurs after exposure to extraordinary stressors. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) plays important roles in neurobiological processes like reward and stress, and a link between PTSD and the dopaminergic system has been reported. Thus, the investigation of an association between PTSD and gene-gene interaction (epistasis) within dopaminergic genes could uncover the genetic basis of dopamine-related PTSD symptomatology and contribute to precision medicine...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758999/movement-disorders-associated-with-antipsychotic-medication-in-people-with-schizophrenia-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews-and-meta-analysis
#14
Davide Martino, Vikram Karnik, Sydney Osland, Thomas R E Barnes, Tamara M Pringsheim
Movement disorders associated with antipsychotic medications are relatively common, stigmatising, and potentially disabling. Their prevalence in people with psychosis who are prescribed second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) is uncertain, as is their level of recognition by clinicinas. We conducted meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials included in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews on schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like psychoses to estimate the prevalence of new-onset dystonia, akathisia, parkinsonism, and tremor with SGAs (amisulpride, asenapine, aripiprazole, clozapine, olanzapine, paliperidone, quetiapine, risperidone, L-sulpiride, and ziprasidone) approved in Canada and the UK, comparing them with haloperidol and chlorpromazine...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748774/structural-determinants-influencing-halogen-bonding-a-case-study-on-azinesulfonamide-analogs-of-aripiprazole-as-5-ht-1a-5-ht-7-and-d-2-receptor-ligands
#15
Krzysztof Marciniec, Rafał Kurczab, Maria Książek, Ewa Bębenek, Elwira Chrobak, Grzegorz Satała, Andrzej J Bojarski, Joachim Kusz, Paweł Zajdel
A series of azinesulfonamide derivatives of long-chain arylpiperazines with variable-length alkylene spacers between sulfonamide and 4-arylpiperazine moiety is designed, synthesized, and biologically evaluated. In vitro methods are used to determine their affinity for serotonin 5-HT1A , 5-HT6 , 5-HT7 , and dopamine D2 receptors. X-ray analysis, two-dimensional NMR conformational studies, and docking into the 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 receptor models are then conducted to investigate the conformational preferences of selected serotonin receptor ligands in different environments...
May 11, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747224/balance-of-go1%C3%AE-and-go2%C3%AE-expression-regulates-motor-function-via-the-striatal-dopaminergic-system
#16
J Baron, A Bilbao, H Hörtnagl, L Birnbaumer, S Leixner, R Spanagel, G Ahnert-Hilger, I Brunk
The heterotrimeric G-protein Go with its splice variants, Go1α and Go2α, seems to be involved in the regulation of motor function but isoform specific effects are still unclear. We found that Go1α-/- knockouts performed worse on the rota-rod than Go2α-/- and wild type (WT) mice. In Go1+2α-/- mice motor function was partially recovered. Furthermore, Go1+2α-/- mice showed an increased spontaneous motor activity. Compared to wild types or Go2α-/- mice, Go1+2α-/- mice developed increased behavioural sensitization following repetitive cocaine treatment, but failed to develop conditioned place preference...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739866/region-specific-regulation-of-presynaptic-dopamine-homeostasis-by-d2-autoreceptors-shapes-the-in-vivo-impact-of-the-neuropsychiatric-disease-associated-dat-variant-val559
#17
Raajaram Gowrishankar, Paul J Gresch, Gwynne L Davis, Rania M Katamish, Justin R Riele, Adele M Stewart, Roxanne A Vaughan, Maureen K Hahn, Randy D Blakely
Disruptions of dopamine (DA) signaling contribute to a broad spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Despite evidence that risk for these disorders derives from heritable variation in DA-linked genes, a better understanding is needed of the molecular and circuit context through which gene variation drives distinct disease traits. Previously, we identified the DA transporter (DAT) variant Val559 in subjects with ADHD and established that the mutation supports anomalous DAT-mediated DA efflux (ADE)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737821/association-of-dopamine-receptor-d2-gene-drd2-taq1-polymorphisms-with-eating-behaviors-and-obesity-among-chinese-and-indian-malaysian-university-students
#18
Fang-Ying Lek, Hing-Huat Ong, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B and Taq1D gene polymorphisms with eating behavior, the preference/intake frequency/craving of high-fat foods and obesity in 394 Malaysian adults (161 males, 233 females; 308 Chinese, 86 Indians; 67 obese, 327 non-obese). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eating behaviors namely Cognitive Restraint, Uncontrolled Eating and Emotional Eating scores were assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737363/dissociable-roles-of-the-nucleus-accumbens-d1-and-d2-receptors-in-regulating-cue-elicited-approach-avoidance-conflict-decision-making
#19
David Nguyen, Victoria Fugariu, Suzanne Erb, Rutsuko Ito
RATIONALE: Approach and avoidance decisions are made when an animal experiences a state of motivational conflict inflicted by stimuli imbued with both positive and negative valences. The nucleus accumbens (NAc), a site where valenced information and action selection converge, has recently been found to be critically involved in the resolution of approach-avoidance conflict. However, the individual roles of the region's dopamine receptor D1 (D1R)- and D2 (D2R)-expressing medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in regulating conflict resolution have not been well established...
May 8, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735678/dopamine-receptors-mediate-strategy-abandoning-via-modulation-of-a-specific-prelimbic-cortex-nucleus-accumbens-pathway-in-mice
#20
Qiaoling Cui, Qian Li, Hongyan Geng, Lei Chen, Nancy Y Ip, Ya Ke, Wing-Ho Yung
The ability to abandon old strategies and adopt new ones is essential for survival in a constantly changing environment. While previous studies suggest the importance of the prefrontal cortex and some subcortical areas in the generation of strategy-switching flexibility, the fine neural circuitry and receptor mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In this study, we showed that optogenetic excitation and inhibition of the prelimbic cortex-nucleus accumbens (NAc) pathway in the mouse respectively enhances and suppresses strategy-switching ability in a cross-modal spatial-egocentric task...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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