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Hepatitic B

P Feuillet, F Lert, L Tron, C Aubriere, B Spire, R Dray-Spira
OBJECTIVES: Depression is common among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poorer therapeutic outcomes and risky behaviours. We sought to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) across PLWHIV groups, to compare this with its prevalence in the general population and to assess factors associated with it. METHODS: We used data from the Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS)-Vespa2 study, a national study on a representative sample of PLWHIV conducted in France in 2011...
September 14, 2016: HIV Medicine
Q Su, F Sun, J Li, H Zhang, M Wang, H Zhou, L Qiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between Type 2 diabetes and primary liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period from December 2008 to December 2014, all blood sugar data of patients in our hospital was collected, and the total number is 18213. Except for repeatedly hospitalized diabetic person, newborn stress status, or venous transfusion blood glucose, gestational diabetes, etc., By retrieving the medical record information of patients in the hospital, and using telephone or letter follow-up the patients, we collected 127 people with type 1 diabetes and found no liver cancer patients; Type 2 diabetes, 10,794 cases of patient information, 59 with primary liver cancer...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Cancer
Clarissa Cordeiro Alves Arrelias, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Letícia Cristina Lourenço de Lima, Anderson Soares da Silva, Nereida Kilza da Costa Lima, Maria Lucia Zanetti
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the factors associated with full hepatitis B vaccination (three doses) in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, conducted in a health unit in a city in the state of São Paulo, with 255 patients on outpatient follow-up, in 2014. Data were obtained from the computerized system of the Municipal Health Department and via a structured questionnaire. A logistic regression model was used for analysis. RESULTS: Full hepatitis B vaccination was noted in 13...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
L Michel, C Lions, M Winnock, J-P Lang, M-A Loko, E Rosenthal, B Marchou, M-A Valantin, P Morlat, P Roux, P Sogni, B Spire, I Poizot-Martin, K Lacombe, C Lascoux-Combe, C Duvivier, D Neau, F Dabis, D Salmon-Ceron, M P Carrieri
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this nested study was to assess the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a sample of HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients according to their HCV status. METHODS: The nested cross-sectional study, untitled HEPAVIH-Psy survey, was performed in a subset of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients enrolled in the French Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS) CO13 HEPAVIH cohort. Psychiatric disorders were screened for using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 5...
May 17, 2016: HIV Medicine
G Z Pan, J B Xu, L Hao, J Zhang, S L Li, Q Z Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of autologous cytokine-induced killer cell(CIK) on the cumulative survival and reactivation rate of hepatitics B virus(HBV) after radiofrequency ablation(RFA) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE). METHODS: A total of 156 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated from June 2006 to September 2012 in Shengli Oilfield Central Hosptial were divided into control group(RFA, TACE) and research group(RFA, TACE, CIK)...
March 8, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Cheng-Kung Wu, Kuo-Chin Chang, Po-Lin Tseng, Sheng-Nan Lu, Chien-Hung Chen, Jing-Houng Wang, Chuan-Mo Lee, Ming-Tsung Lin, Yi-Hao Yen, Chao-Hung Hung, Tsung-Hui Hu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with chronic hepatitic C (HCV) infection and normal serum alanine transaminase (ALT) levels were considered to have mild disease. In Taiwan, these patients were not suggested for interferon (IFN) based therapies. The aim of study is to compare therapeutic outcomes between HCV patients with normal and elevated ALT levels. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 3241 HCV patients treated by IFN based therapies. Patients with normal ALT levels were classified as group A (n = 186) while those with elevated ALT levels were group B (n = 3055)...
2016: PloS One
Pierre Frange, Albert Faye, Véronique Avettand-Fenoël, Erianna Bellaton, Diane Descamps, Mathieu Angin, Annie David, Sophie Caillat-Zucman, Gilles Peytavin, Catherine Dollfus, Jerome Le Chenadec, Josiane Warszawski, Christine Rouzioux, Asier Sáez-Cirión
BACKGROUND: Durable HIV-1 remission after interruption of combined antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been reported in some adults who started treatment during primary infection; however, whether long-term remission in vertically infected children is possible was unknown. We report a case of a young adult perinatally infected with HIV-1 with viral remission despite long-term treatment interruption. METHODS: The patient was identified in the ANRS EPF-CO10 paediatric cohort among 100 children infected with HIV perinatally who started ART before 6 months of age...
January 2016: Lancet HIV
Sang Hoon Ahn, Jeong Heo, Jun Yong Park, Hyun Young Woo, Heon Ju Lee, Won Young Tak, Soon Ho Um, Ki Tae Yoon, Soo Young Park, Chang Wook Kim, Hyung Hoi Kim, Kwang-Hyub Han, Mong Cho
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are limited data assessing whether patients who achieved virological suppression on lamivudine but remain hepatitis B "e" antigen-positive should be switched to a more potent antiviral with a high genetic barrier to resistance or continue with lamivudine. We compared the safety and efficacy of switching with entecavir versus continuing lamivudine. METHODS: This was a Phase IV, randomized, open-label, prospective study in a tertiary care setting...
April 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
J C Balbinot, A Wiens, R Pontarolo, A C Sanches
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
E V Beloborodova, I A Goncharova, E I Beloborodova, I L Purlik, T P Kalacheva, O E Akbasheva, M I Rachkovskiy, V A Burkovskaya
AIM OF INVESTIGATION: To estimate the role of polymorphic variants of genes IL4 (C-590T), IL4RA (I50V), TNF (G-308A) and SLC1IAI (D543N) in chronic viral hepatitis progression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall 121 patients with chronic viral hepatitis C and B. RESULTS: Study results have demonstrated, that of all investigated polymorphic variants of genes IL4 (C-590T), IL4RA (150V), TNF (G-308A) and SLC11A1 (D543N) in patients with chronic liver diseases of various etiology the <Val/Val> IL4RA gene variant (II50Val) is associated with HBV-infection chronization...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Stacey B Trooskin, Helen Reynolds, Jay R Kostman
Hepatitis C affects >3 million people in the United States, and often leads to end-stage liver disease or death. In 2014, several new drugs to treat hepatitic C virus received US Food and Drug Administration approval, with remarkable cure rates exceeding 90%. Medicaid, however, is rationing these drugs, and other insurers have restricted coverage due to their exorbitant costs and the large size of the population in need. These access barriers and disparities have resulted in national patient advocacy mobilization, US congressional inquiry, and legal challenges...
December 15, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
S Russi, F Dammacco, S Sansonno, F Pavone, D Sansonno
Immunoglobulin variable region heavy chain (IgVH ) somatic gene diversification is instrumental in the transformation process that characterizes hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related B cell lymphoproliferative disorders. However, the extent to which activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), an enzyme essential for IgV gene somatic hypermutation (SHM), is active in cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis (CV) remains unclear. AID mRNA expression in the peripheral blood of 102 chronically hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients (58 with and 44 without CV) and 26 healthy subjects was investigated using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
December 2015: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yukinori Imai, Hiroaki Takaya, Manabu Nakazawa, Taku Chikayama, Satsuki Ando, Yoshie Mizuno, Kayoko Sugawara, Yuuka Nakamura, Eiko Saitoh, Kazuhiro Hamaoka, Daisuke Motoya, Kenji Fujimori, Mie Inao, Nobuaki Nakayama, Sumiko Nagoshi, Satoshi Mochida
A 73-year-old man with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C virus infection was admitted to our hospital because of massive bleeding from external varices. Colonoscopic examination revealed that giant anorectal varices had developed between the anus and rectal ampulla, and had ruptured at the perianal site. On three-dimensional computed tomography imaging, the feeding and drainage vessels of the varices were identified as the inferior mesenteric vein and right inferior hemorrhoidal vein, respectively. Endoscopic therapies were not employed for the bleeding varices, because the blood flow volume of the feeding vessel was extremely large...
February 2011: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Ghassem Abedi, Farideh Rostami, Aliasghar Nadi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The scope of the quality of life assessment is not widespread in any time like today. Economists, social scientists and politicians look at this topic from the particular approach. The life quality in hepatitis B patients regarding the degree of its progress is considered a major concern in these patients. Thus, the aim of the study was analyzing the dimensions of the life quality of a group of people suffering from hepatitis B in Mazandaran province in 2012. METHODS: This study was done by descriptive, cross-sectional method on 210 (118 women and 92 men) hepatitis B patients that six month have passed from their diagnosis and formation of follow-up form in health centers, using access sampling method at six regions of Mazandaran province...
2015: Global Journal of Health Science
S Fabiani
Interferon (IFN)-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) is a proinflammatory chemokine, binding the chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 3 (CXCR3), which is found mainly on activated T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, and plays an important role in T helper (Th) 1 type inflammatory disorders (autoimmune, neoplastic, and infectious diseases). Concerning viral hepatitis, IP-10 appears to be involved on the pathogenesis of liver damage as well as on the extra-hepatic manifestations either protecting or promoting infection, depending on host immune status and genetic background...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
Mélanie Bertine, Charlotte Charpentier, Benoit Visseaux, Alexandre Storto, Gilles Collin, Lucile Larrouy, Florence Damond, Sophie Matheron, Françoise Brun-Vézinet, Diane Descamps
OBJECTIVE: In HIV-1, hypermutation introduced by APOBEC3F/3G cytidine deaminase activity leads to defective viruses. In-vivo impact of APOBEC3F/3G editing on HIV-2 sequences remains unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the level of APOBEC3F/3G editing in HIV-2-infected antiretroviral-naive patients. METHODS: Direct sequencing of vif and pol regions was performed on HIV-2 proviral DNA from antiretroviral-naive patients included in the French Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA et les hépatites virales CO5 HIV-2 cohort...
April 24, 2015: AIDS
Xiang-Yong Li, Xu You, Yu-Sheng Jie, Guo-Li Lin, Yuan-Kai Wu, Ming-Xing Huang, Min Zhang, Zhan-Yi Li, Dong-Ying Xie, Zhi-Liang Gao, Yu-Tian Chong
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of entecavir (ETV) combined treatment with adefovir (ADV) on chronic hepatitic B (CHB) patients who failed to respond to nucleotide (acid) analog (NA) treatment. On this basis, the possible factors in the combined treatment of these patients will be analyzed. The safety, biochemical index, and the possible factors that might affect the ETV and ADV combined treatment at different points in time were retrospectively analyzed. The biochemical index included the following: virological response, hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA decline, primary nonresponse, biochemical response, and the hepatitis B virus E antigen/hepatitis B virus E antibody seroconversion rate...
April 25, 2015: American Journal of Therapeutics
Peijuan Zhou, Qijun Luo, Lijian Ding, Fang Fang, Ye Yuan, Juanjuan Chen, Jinrong Zhang, Haixiao Jin, Shan He
Lignans, which are recognized as main constituents in Justicia procumbens, have attracted considerable attention due to their pharmacological activities, including antitumor, anti-hepatitic, cytotoxic, anti-microbial, and anti-virus properties. Preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) was successfully applied to the isolation and purification of four lignans (justicidin B (1), justicidin A (2), 6'-hydroxyjusticidin C (3) and lignan J1 (4)) from J. procumbens using stepwise elution with a pair of two-phase solvent systems composed of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water at (1...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
R Satta, G Biondi
Vasculitis usually presents without a well-known underline cause (idiopathic vasculitis), nevertheless, it is sometimes possible to find out one or more causative agents (secondary vasculitis). Nowadays, thanks to the increasing amount of precise diagnostic tools, a piece of idiopathic vasculitis is reclassified as associated with probable etiology, which can be set off by several factors, such as infections. Infections are considered to be the most common cause of secondary vasculitis. Virtually, every infectious agent can trigger a vasculitis by different mechanisms which can be divided in two main categories: direct and indirect...
April 2015: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Juan Wang, Ling-yao Du, Xia Zhu, En-qiang Chen, Hong Tang
PURPOSE: Through an observation on HBeAg-positive chronic hepatits B (CHB) patients in Telbivudine (LDT) treatment for 104 weeks, we tried to explore valuable early predictors for HBeAg seroconversion during the treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study lasting for 104 weeks was conducted, and the patients enrolled were administered with LDT 600 mg daily. The medical evaluation went every 12 weeks, then the age distribution, baseline ALT level, early HBVDNA, HBsAg and HBeAg levels at baseline, week 12 and 24 as well as the decrease of the three indicators at week 12 and 24 were analyzed for their predictive values for HBeAg seroconversion at week 104...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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