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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263747/technique-for-bilateral-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-cesarean-delivery-a-case-series
#1
Jose R Duncan, Mauro H Schenone, Giancarlo Mari
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society of Gynecologic Oncology endorse bilateral salpingectomy for ovarian cancer prevention. We describe a bilateral salpingectomy technique in 23 patients during Cesarean delivery. Operative time, hospital length of stay and complications are reported. Bilateral salpingectomy during Cesarean delivery appears feasible.
March 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203387/an-overview-of-available-drugs-for-management-of-opioid-abuse-during-pregnancy
#2
REVIEW
Jillian Laslo, Jon-Michael Brunner, Daniel Burns, Emily Butler, Autumn Cunningham, Ryan Killpack, Courtney Pyeritz, Kimberly Rinard, Jennifer Childers, Joseph Horzempa
The prevalence of opioid abuse in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last several years among many major demographics, including pregnant women. Rise in prenatal opioid abuse has resulted in subsequent escalation of neonatal abstinence syndrome incidence, prompting the US Congress to pass the Protecting Our Infants Act of 2015. This act specifically calls for a critical review of current treatment options for prenatal opioid abuse which may ultimately lead to the development of better therapies and a decreased incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180146/-i-think-we-ve-got-too-many-tests-prenatal-providers-reflections-on-ethical-and-clinical-challenges-in-the-practice-integration-of-cell-free-dna-screening
#3
B L Gammon, S A Kraft, M Michie, M Allyse
BACKGROUND: The recent introduction of cell-free DNA-based non-invasive prenatal screening (cfDNA screening) into clinical practice was expected to revolutionize prenatal testing. cfDNA screening for fetal aneuploidy has demonstrated higher test sensitivity and specificity for some conditions than conventional serum screening and can be conducted early in the pregnancy. However, it is not clear whether and how clinical practices are assimilating this new type of testing into their informed consent and counselling processes...
July 2016: Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167517/the-need-to-optimize-adolescent-immunization
#4
Henry H Bernstein, Joseph A Bocchini
The adolescent period heralds the pediatric patient's transition into adulthood. It is a time of dynamic development during which effective preventive care measures can promote safe behaviors and the development of lifelong health habits. One of the foundations of preventive adolescent health care is timely vaccination, and every visit can be viewed as an opportunity to update and complete an adolescent's immunizations.In the past decade, the adolescent immunization schedule has expanded to include 2 doses of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, 1 dose of tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis, absorbed vaccine, 2 or 3 doses of human papillomavirus vaccine, depending on the child's age, and an annual influenza vaccine...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167515/practical-approaches-to-optimize-adolescent-immunization
#5
Henry H Bernstein, Joseph A Bocchini
With the expansion of the adolescent immunization schedule during the past decade, immunization rates notably vary by vaccine and by state. Addressing barriers to improving adolescent vaccination rates is a priority. Every visit can be viewed as an opportunity to update and complete an adolescent's immunizations. It is essential to continue to focus and refine the appropriate techniques in approaching the adolescent patient and parent in the office setting. Health care providers must continuously strive to educate their patients and develop skills that can help parents and adolescents overcome vaccine hesitancy...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099697/applicability-of-the-modified-acog-sgo-referral-criteria-for-adnexal-mass-within-a-limited-resource-setting
#6
Ashley Battarbee, Anna Strohl, Lindsay Zimmerman, Ashlesha Patel, Radha Burtch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the modified American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)/Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) referral guidelines in a high-risk limited-resource setting. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were assessed for all women who underwent surgery for an adnexal mass at John H. Stroger Jr Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA, between July 2006 and July 2011. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated both for actual practice referral patterns and for the modified ACOG/SGO guidelines...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040449/women-s-beliefs-about-the-purpose-and-value-of-routine-pelvic%C3%A2-examinations
#7
Laura L Norrell, Miriam Kuppermann, Michelle N Moghadassi, George F Sawaya
BACKGROUND: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that a pelvic examination be offered to asymptomatic women after an informed discussion with their provider. Although the adverse health outcomes that the examination averts were not delineated, the organization stated that it helps establish open communication between patients and physicians. Recent surveys have focused on obstetrician-gynecologists' attitudes and beliefs about the examination, but the perspectives of women have not been well-characterized...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732984/assessing-revitalize-should-the-definition-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-differ-by-mode-of-delivery
#8
Rebecca Feldman Hamm, Eileen Y Wang, Jamie A Bastek, Sindhu K Srinivas
Background Obstetrical hemorrhage is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, yet is inconsistently defined. In 2014, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) reVITALize program redefined postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) as greater than 1,000 mL blood loss regardless of the mode of delivery (MOD). Objective We sought to assess the reVITALize definition's validity by understanding whether the definition of PPH should, as proposed by ACOG, be one value regardless of MOD. Study Design This is a retrospective study of all women who delivered at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from October 15, 2013 through December 15, 2013...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606778/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-preeclampsia-superimposed-on-chronic-hypertension-with-and-without-severe-features
#9
Hind N Moussa, Mateo G Leon, Ana Marti, Alissar Chediak, Claudia Pedroza, Sean C Blackwell, Baha M Sibai
Objective The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) task force on hypertension in pregnancy introduced a new definition of superimposed preeclampsia (SIP) adding severe features (SF) as new criteria to define severe disease. They also recommended that those with SIP be delivered ≥ 37 weeks, whereas those with SF be delivered ≤ 34 weeks. Our aim was to investigate the validity of this new definition by comparing adverse pregnancy outcomes in SIP with (SIP-SF) and without SF (SIP)...
March 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455399/validating-obstetric-emergency-checklists-using-simulation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Komal Bajaj, Enid Y Rivera-Chiauzzi, Colleen Lee, Cynthia Shepard, Peter S Bernstein, Tanya Moore-Murray, Heather Smith, Lisa Nathan, Katie Walker, Cynthia Chazotte, Dena Goffman
Background The World Health Organization's Surgical Safety Checklist has demonstrated significant reduction in surgical morbidity. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists District II Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) safety bundles include eclampsia and postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) checklists. Objective To determine whether use of the SMI checklists during simulated obstetric emergencies improved completion of critical actions and to elicit feedback to facilitate checklist revision. Study Design During this randomized controlled trial, teams were assigned to use a checklist during one of two emergencies: eclampsia and PPH...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442355/hyponatremia-associated-with-preeclampsia
#11
Armin S Razavi, Stephen T Chasen, Ritu Gyawali, Robin B Kalish
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical factors associated with hyponatremia in patients with preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study of all patients who delivered at our institution from 2013 to 2014. Patients with preeclampsia were identified from electronic medical records. Preeclampsia with and without severe features was defined using the criteria outlined in the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Hypertension in Pregnancy guidelines...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342043/antenatal-corticosteroids-beyond-34-weeks-gestation-what%C3%A2-do%C3%A2-we%C3%A2-do%C3%A2-now
#12
REVIEW
Beena D Kamath-Rayne, Paul J Rozance, Robert L Goldenberg, Alan H Jobe
The practice of antenatal corticosteroid administration in pregnancies of 24-34 weeks of gestation that are at risk of preterm delivery was adopted over 20 years after the first randomized clinical trial in humans. It is biologically plausible that antenatal corticosteroid in pregnancies beyond 34 weeks of gestation would reduce rates of respiratory morbidity and neonatal intensive care admission. Mostly guided by the results of a large multicenter randomized trial of antenatal corticosteroid in late preterm infants, the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids Trial, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has released a practice advisory that the "administration of betamethasone may be considered in women with a singleton pregnancy between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation at imminent risk of preterm birth within 7 days...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148910/postpartum-depression-screening-a-review-for-psychiatrists
#13
Erin K Smith, Priya Gopalan, Jody B Glance, Pierre N Azzam
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate the rationale for screening women for postpartum depression• Assess tools for screening for postpartum depression OBJECTIVE: To perform a qualitative literature review on screening for postpartum depression (PPD), as applicable to the general psychiatrist. Results are classified by instrument, timing, and clinical setting of the screen. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using the PubMed database for English-language articles published since January 1987...
May 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135963/impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-breastfeeding-counseling-behavior-of-ob-gyn-residents
#14
Ye Shen, Rebecca Rudesill
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding counseling has been shown to increase the initiation and duration of breastfeeding. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists calls for all healthcare workers to educate and encourage women to choose breastfeeding. Despite these recommendations, the reported incidence of prenatal breastfeeding discussions varies widely. Lack of physician education has been speculated to be one of the contributing factors. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a breastfeeding educational intervention on the knowledge and counseling behaviors of OB/GYN resident physicians...
May 2, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927749/the-pregnant-patient-assessment-and-perioperative-management
#15
REVIEW
Heather McKenzie, Debra Domino Pulley
Pathologic changes can occur during pregnancy requiring diagnostic tests and procedures. A preoperative assessment and perioperative planning are essential. Normal physiologic changes include increased cardiac output and decreased functional residual capacity. Perioperative care should follow American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines. Anesthetic concerns include desaturation during periods of apnea, aspiration, difficult intubation, friable nasal tissue, decreased MAC, and hypotension and/or decreased uterine perfusion from the uterus...
March 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825525/intimate-partner-violence-as-seen-in-post-conflict-eastern-uganda-prevalence-risk-factors-and-mental-health-consequences
#16
Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Margaret Mungherera, Patrick Onyango-Mangen, Emmanuel Ngabirano, Rehema Kajungu, Johnson Kagugube, Wilson Muhwezi, Julius Muron, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Conflict and post-conflict communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a high under recognised problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). Part of the reason for this has been the limited data on IPV from conflict affected sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports on the prevalence, risk factors and mental health consequences of IPV victimisation in both gender as seen in post-conflict eastern Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in two districts of eastern Uganda...
January 29, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804380/the-safe-motherhood-initiative-the-development-and-implementation-of-standardized-obstetric-care-bundles-in-new-york
#17
REVIEW
Anna Burgansky, Donna Montalto, Norain A Siddiqui
The medical literature demonstrates that inadequate hospital protocols or the lack of consistent protocols for diagnosis, management, consultation, and/or referral can lead to confusion and unnecessary variation in patient care. Incongruities in clinical settings have been repeatedly shown to compromise quality of patient outcomes. Accordingly, the development and adoption of standardized protocols as the best practice for addressing incidence of adverse events remains a top priority in health care quality and safety initiatives...
March 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742598/venous-thromboembolism-bundle-risk-assessment-and-prophylaxis-for-obstetric-patients
#18
Alexander M Friedman, Mary E D'Alton
While venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of severe maternal morbidity and mortality, maternal death from VTE is amenable to prevention. Thromboprophylaxis is the most readily implementable means of systematically reducing the maternal death rate, and protocols that identify at-risk women have led to a significant reduction in maternal deaths from VTE. Strategies to prevent VTE require minimal resources. A multidisciplinary working group convened as part of American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' District II Safe Motherhood Initiative reviewed research evidence and major society thromboprophylaxis guidelines and identified clinical strategies to reduce maternal VTE risk...
March 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721782/acute-fetal-behavioral-response-to-prenatal-yoga-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-try-yoga
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shilpa Babbar, James B Hill, Karen B Williams, Maria Pinon, Suneet P Chauhan, Dev Maulik
BACKGROUND: In 2012, yoga was practiced by 20 million Americans, of whom 82% were women. A recent literature review on prenatal yoga noted a reduction in some pregnancy complications (ie, preterm birth, lumbar pain, and growth restriction) in those who practiced yoga; to date, there is no evidence on fetal response after yoga. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterize the acute changes in maternal and fetal response to prenatal yoga exercises using common standardized tests to assess the well-being of the maternal-fetal unit...
March 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643181/neonatal-complications-associated-with-use-of-fetal-scalp-electrode-a-retrospective-study
#20
T Kawakita, U M Reddy, H J Landy, S N Iqbal, C-C Huang, K L Grantz
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and risk of complications associated with a fetal scalp electrode and to determine whether its application in the setting of operative vaginal delivery was associated with increased neonatal morbidity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Twelve clinical centers with 19 hospitals across nine American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists US districts. POPULATION: Women in the USA...
October 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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