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the american congress of obstetrician

Mallika Anand, Conor P Duffy, Olivera Vragovic, Wafaa Abbasi, Shannon L Bell
OBJECTIVES: Obstetrics and gynecology residents are less prepared to perform vaginal hysterectomy (VH), despite its advantages over other hysterectomy routes. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology have prioritized simulation training in VH. Our objective was to improve residents' understanding of surgical anatomy of VH using a resident-constructed, low-cost, low-fidelity model. METHODS: A single simulation session was held in November 2016...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Jeanne Murphy, Daisy Goodman, M Christina Johnson, Mishka Terplan
The federal response to the opioid use disorder crisis has included a mobilization of resources to encourage office-based pharmacotherapy with buprenorphine, an effort culminating in the 2016 Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act, signed into law as Public Law 114-198. The Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act was designed to increase access to treatment with special emphasis on services for pregnant women and follow-up for infants affected by prenatal substance exposure. In this effort, the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act laudably expands eligibility for obtaining a waiver to prescribe buprenorphine to nurse practitioners and physician assistants...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Liona C Poon, Daniel L Rolnik, Min Yi Tan, Juan Luis Delgado, Theodora Tsokaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Mandeep Singh, Walkyria Andrade, Tunay Efeturk, Jacques C Jani, Walter Plasencia, George Papaioannou, Ana Rosa Blazquez, Ilma Floriana Carbone, David Wright, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of preterm preeclampsia (PE) in women that fulfil the screening criteria of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and compare the incidence in those that are screen positive and screen negative by the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of data from the ASPRE study. The study population consisted of women with singleton pregnancies who had prospective screening for preterm-PE by means of the FMF algorithm that combines maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks' gestation...
January 30, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Margaret Thew
Long-acting reversible contraception, which include etonogestrel subdermal hormonal implants, has high efficiency rates in preventing teen pregnancy. Although these numbers are increasing, teens have the lowest long-acting reversible contraception usage rate of any group, which the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists addressed with recommendations for Nexplanon placement for teens. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has recommended support for increased use and training of practitioners and pediatricians to gain momentum...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Emily Wu, Jessica Langsjoen, Jessica Pruszynski, Thomas J Kuehl, Wilma I Larsen
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for use of prophylactic antibiotics in gynecologic procedures are outlined by the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. There remains, however, a high rate of unindicated administration of antibiotics for surgeries. A retrospective study performed at our institution in 2012-2013 demonstrated that unindicated prophylactic antibiotics were administered over half the time. This study aimed to examine variations in the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery at Scott and White Memorial Hospital and determine whether an educational intervention to gynecology physicians was associated with a significant decrease in unindicated prophylactic antibiotics...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
James Robb, Alex Mackay, Nancy Rondeau, Javier Palomino, Zuber D Mulla, T Ignacio Montoya, Veronica T Mallett
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the readability of commonly available patient information materials for pelvic floor disorders written in Spanish and compare their readability based on type of content and source. METHODS: Spanish patient information handouts, including pamphlets from the National Institutes of Health, International Urogynecology Association, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, online printable handouts, and industry-sponsored brochures were assessed for readability...
October 31, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Annalisa L Post, Amy T Mottola, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: The rapid development of prenatal genetic testing and screening tools and choices constantly challenges clinicians to stay up to date on current best practice. Objective: We sought to review, compare, and summarize recent national society guidelines on prepregnancy genetic screening and prenatal diagnosis for aneuploidy with a focus on changes and additions to previous guidelines. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a descriptive review of 8 recently published (2016-2017) national guidelines and updates on prenatal genetic screening and testing including American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists committee opinions and practice bulletins, Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine consult series publications, and an American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics position statement...
October 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Michael Bolz, Sabine Körber, Toralf Reimer, Johannes Buchmann, Hans-Christof Schober, Volker Briese
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pregnant women who have illnesses unrelated to pregnancy can cause uncertainty among physicians. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database and specialty guidelines from Germany and abroad (the guidelines of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics, the American Congress of Obstetri cians and Gynecologists, and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists) over the period 2007-2016 for information on standards for the diagnosis and treatment of five illnesses that can arise in pregnancy: bronchial asthma, migraine, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and varicose veins...
September 15, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Judith Apt Bernstein, Emily Quinn, Omid Ameli, Myrita Craig, Timothy Heeren, Aviva Lee-Parritz, Ronald Iverson, Brian Jack, Lois McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a known harbinger of future type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension, and cardiac disease. This population-based study was designed to identify gaps in follow-up care relevant to prevention of T2DM in a continuously insured sample of women diagnosed with GDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed data spanning 2005-2015 from OptumLabs Data Warehouse, a comprehensive, longitudinal, real-world data asset with deidentified lives across claims and clinical information, to describe patterns of preventive care after GDM...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Hope A Ricciotti, Laura E Dodge, Ashley Aluko, Lisa G Hofler, Michele R Hacker
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare geographic representation of women in obstetrics and gynecology department-based leadership roles across American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) districts and U.S. Census Bureau regions while accounting for the proportion of women practicing in each area. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study. To more meaningfully quantify representation of women as leaders in ACOG districts and U.S. Census Bureau regions, we calculated representation ratios-the proportion of department-based leaders who were women divided by the proportion of obstetrician-gynecologists who were women...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Danielle D Antosh, Rachel High, Heidi W Brown, Sallie S Oliphant, Husam Abed, Nisha Philip, Cara L Grimes
BACKGROUND: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that "the surgeon and patient discuss the potential benefits of the removal of the fallopian tubes during a hysterectomy in women at population risk of ovarian cancer who are not having an oophorectomy," resulting in an increasing rate of salpingectomy at the time of hysterectomy. Rates of salpingectomy are highest for laparoscopic and lowest for vaginal hysterectomy. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of bilateral salpingectomy at the time of vaginal hysterectomy...
November 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Stephanie McKenney Groff, Wareef Fallatah, Samuel Yang, Jamie Murphy, Christopher Crutchfield, Mark Marzinke, Joanne Kurtzberg, Carlton K K Lee, Irina Burd, Azadeh Farzin
OBJECTIVES: American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends a single dose of antibiotic prophylaxis before all cesarean sections (C/S). This recommendation is based on pharmacokinetic studies that include only non-obese patients. We sought to evaluate 1) cefazolin plasma concentrations among obese and non-obese patients after administration of a 2-g cefazolin dose for prevention of surgical wound infections, and 2) whether cefazolin concentration in fetal circulation may be protective against pathogens that cause early onset neonatal sepsis...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
George F Sawaya, Karen K Smith-McCune, Steven E Gregorich, Michelle Moghadassi, Miriam Kuppermann
BACKGROUND: The American College of Physicians strongly recommends against performing pelvic examinations in asymptomatic, nonpregnant women, citing evidence of harm (false-positive testing, unnecessary surgery) and no evidence of benefit. In contrast, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women beginning at age 21 years, citing expert opinion. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate if providing women with professional societies' conflicting statements about pelvic examinations (recommendations and rationales) would influence their desire for a routine examination...
September 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shayna D Cunningham, Jessica B Lewis, Jordan L Thomas, Stephanie A Grilo, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Despite biomedical advances and intervention efforts, rates of preterm birth and other adverse outcomes in the United States have remained relatively intransigent. Evidence suggests that group prenatal care can reduce these risks, with implications for maternal and child health as well as substantial cost savings. However, widespread dissemination presents challenges, in part because training and health systems have not been designed to deliver care in a group setting. This manuscript describes the design and evaluation of Expect With Me, an innovative model of group prenatal care with a strong integrated information technology (IT) platform designed to be scalable nationally...
May 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Yeela Borenstein Ben Naftali, Ido Solt, Lior Lowenstein, Irit Chermesh
BACKGROUND: Both high and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To describe self-reported weight gain during pregnancy, assess the concurrence of this weight gain with issued recommendations, and investigate associations between lifestyle factors and weight gain. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 109 pregnant women hospitalized in one gynecological and obstetrics department completed questionnaires related to weight gain and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet and exercise...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Laura M Carlson, Neeta L Vora
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that all pregnant women be offered aneuploidy screening or diagnostic testing. A myriad of screening and testing options are available to patients based on their risk profile and gestational age. Screening options include traditional serum analyte screening, such as first-trimester screening or quadruple screening, and more recently, cell-free DNA. Diagnostic testing choices include chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis. The number of screening and diagnostic modalities complicates prenatal counseling for physicians and can be difficult for patients to grasp...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Amy P Holmes, Holly N Schmidlin, Eliana N Kurzum
Breastfeeding offers many benefits to both mother and baby. Breastfeeding is generally recommended for mothers of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) unless some associated risk outweighs the benefits. Evidence indicates that infants with NAS who receive human milk require less pharmacologic treatment and have shorter hospital lengths of stay. Perhaps the greatest barrier to breastfeeding for women with opioid dependence is the inaccurate and inconsistent information they receive from different sources, including health care professionals...
July 2017: Pharmacotherapy
Shannon Falcon, Angela Williams, Jared Weinfurtner, Jennifer S Drukteinis
BACKGROUND: Breast density is well recognized as an independent risk factor for the development of breast cancer. However, the magnitude of risk is controversial. As the public becomes increasingly aware of breast density as a risk factor, legislation and notification laws in relation to breast density have become common throughout the United States. Awareness of breast density as a risk factor for breast cancer presents new challenges for the clinician in the approach to the management and screening of women with dense breasts...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Jeffrey D Sperling, Joshua D Dahlke, Juan M Gonzalez
Importance: Preterm birth is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. The most common intervention performed to improve perinatal outcomes for a woman experiencing cervical dilation in the second trimester without signs or symptoms of preterm labor is the cerclage. Objective: We sought to review and compare available national guidelines on cerclage use. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a descriptive review of 3 national guidelines on cerclage: The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Practice Bulletin on "Cerclage for the Management of Cervical Insufficiency," Green-top Guideline from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists entitled "Cervical Cerclage," and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada Clinical Practice Bulletin entitled "Cervical Insufficiency and Cervical Cerclage...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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