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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148620/perceptions-of-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#1
Lesley Cooper, Louisa Ells, Cormac Ryan, Denis Martin
AIMS: To gain insight into the lived experience of adults with overweight/obesity and chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). Knowledge gained will inform healthcare professionals about the complexity of the weight-pain relationship and enable more effective engagement with this population BACKGROUND: Quantitative studies show links between weight and pain. Adults with overweight/obesity are more likely to experience comorbidity however, qualitative research describing the complexities of the relationship is limited...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145588/the-perspectives-of-pre-frail-and-frail-older-people-on-being-advised-about-exercise-a-qualitative-study
#2
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Joanne Dollard, Neha Mahajan, Renuka Visvanathan
Background: Exercise is considered to be the most effective strategy to treat, prevent and delay frailty, a prevalent geriatric syndrome observed in clinical practice. Encouraging frail older people to take up exercise is crucial in the management of this condition. The study aimed to explore pre-frail and frail older peoples' perspectives in relation to being advised about exercise and their perceptions of the general practitioners' (GPs) role in promoting exercise for older people. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 community-dwelling older (median age 83 years) participants screened pre-frail or frail using the FRAIL Screen...
November 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124329/recruitment-to-and-pilot-results-of-the-paces-randomized-trial-of-physical-exercise-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-colon-cancer
#4
Hanna van Waart, Martijn M Stuiver, Wim H van Harten, Edwin Geleijn, Marianne de Maaker-Berkhof, Jolanda Schrama, Maud M Geenen, Jetske M Meerum Terwogt, Simone M van den Heiligenberg, Jeannette A J H Hellendoorn-van Vreeswijk, Gabe S Sonke, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: We report the recruitment rate, reasons for and factors influencing non-participation, and descriptive results of a randomized controlled trial of two different exercise programs for patients with colon cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Participants were randomized to a low-intensity, home-based program (Onco-Move), a moderate- to high-intensity, combined supervised resistance and aerobic exercise program (OnTrack), or Usual Care. Non-participants provided reasons for non-participation and were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing behavioral and attitudinal variables...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118158/dental-hygienists-attitudes-toward-the-obese-population
#5
Gwen Essex, Keiko Miyahara, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore dental hygienists' attitudes toward the obese population and to determine whether there are differences in attitudes among those with different self-reported body images.Methods: The study population was dental hygienists whose email addresses were in the database of the California Dental Hygienists' Association (CDHA). CDHA distributed the electronic message containing study information, informed consent, and a link to the survey. The survey consisted of 14 items from the Fat Phobia Scale, 13 items from the Anti-fat Attitudes Questionnaire (AFAQ), 3 demographic questions, and 1 question on body image...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107371/understanding-farmers-safety-behaviour-towards-pesticide-exposure-and-other-occupational-risks-the-case-of-zanjan-iran
#6
Rohallah Rezaei, Christos A Damalas, Gholamhossein Abdollahzadeh
Preventive interventions for reducing occupational risks and health problems among farmers require the identification of factors contributing to unsafe behaviour, but research on this topic is rather limited. A theoretical model for studying factors affecting farmers' use of occupational safety and health (OSH) practices in Iran was developed. The model was empirically tested using data collected from a survey of 301 tomato farmers of Zanjan Province of Iran. The examined OSH practices encompassed a wide range of behaviours, grouped in four categories, i...
October 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105045/modifying-attitude-and-intention-toward-regular-physical-activity-using-protection-motivation-theory-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kamal Mirkarimi, Maryam Eri, Mohammad R Ghanbari, Mohammad J Kabir, Mojtaba Raeisi, Rahman B Ozouni-Davaji, Mohammad Aryaie, Abdurrahman Charkazi
We were guided by the Protection Motivation Theory to test the motivational interviewing effects on attitude and intention of obese and overweight women to do regular physical activity. In a randomized controlled trial, we selected using convenience sampling 60 overweight and obese women attending health centres. The women were allocated to 2 groups of 30 receiving a standard weight-control programme or motivational interviewing. All constructs of the theory (perceived susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy and response efficacy) and all anthropometric characteristics (except body mass index) were significantly different between the groups at 3 study times...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094773/availability-of-prostate-cancer-exercise-rehabilitation-resources-and-practice-patterns-in-belgium-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090387/factors-influencing-non-participation-in-an-exercise-program-and-attitudes-towards-physical-activity-amongst-cancer-survivors
#9
Sarah J Hardcastle, Chloe Maxwell-Smith, Sviatlana Kamarova, Stephanie Lamb, Lesley Millar, Paul A Cohen
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to investigate factors influencing non-participation in a structured exercise program for cancer survivors and to explore survivors' experiences and attitudes in relation to physical activity participation. METHODS: Face-to-face or telephone interviews were conducted with individuals who had registered for, or engaged in, the 'Life Now' exercise program run by Cancer Council Western Australia. Participants were 20 cancer survivors (mean age 63...
October 31, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036873/fighting-against-a-shortage-of-truck-drivers-in-logistics-measures-that-employers-can-take-to-promote-drivers-work-ability-and-health
#10
Ulrike Staats, Daniela Lohaus, Alina Christmann, Michèle Woitschek
BACKGROUND: For several years, the transportation industry has been concerned about a severe shortage of professional truck drivers. Studies investigating the reasons found that poor working conditions and stresses and strains resulting from physiological and psychological job demands have had a negative impact on drivers' health and ability to work. Nevertheless, until now, most employers have refrained from offering measures to support the work ability and well-being of drivers, mainly due to financial pressures in the industry...
October 10, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983443/rowers-self-reported-behaviors-attitudes-and-safety-concerns-related-to-exercise-training-and-competition-during-pregnancy
#11
Ashley Franklin, Joanna Mishtal, Teresa Johnson, Judith Simms-Cendan
Background The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology notes that pregnant athletes require more supervision due to their involvement in strenuous training schedules throughout pregnancy. Currently, rowing is not mentioned in the guidelines despite its increasing popularity, high cardiovascular demands, and risk for abdominal trauma. Methods This study aimed to elicit information from competitive female rowers regarding exercise, training, and competition during pregnancy. We administered a survey consisting of 122 items to female Masters rowers in the United States, aged 21 to 49 years, from June to December 2013...
August 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977241/nursing-supervision-for-care-comprehensiveness
#12
Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves, Vivian Aline Mininel, Jaqueline Alcântara Marcelino da Silva, Larissa Roberta Alves, Maria Ferreira da Silva, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo
Objective: To reflect on nursing supervision as a management tool for care comprehensiveness by nurses, considering its potential and limits in the current scenario. Method: A reflective study based on discourse about nursing supervision, presenting theoretical and practical concepts and approaches. Results: Limits on the exercise of supervision are related to the organization of healthcare services based on the functional and clinical model of care, in addition to possible gaps in the nurse training process and work overload...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976924/the-development-of-three-questionnaires-to-assess-beliefs-about-green-exercise
#13
Elliott P Flowers, Paul Freeman, Valerie F Gladwell
Green exercise is physical activity that takes place in the presence of natural environments. Despite the promising evidence of the benefits, little is known about how individuals' thoughts and feelings influence participation in green exercise and subsequent outcomes. The aim of the current research was to develop questionnaires using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework that could both directly and indirectly assess attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behaviour control, along with intention toward green exercise...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958792/meaningful-components-of-a-community-based-exercise-program-for-individuals-with-disabilities-a-qualitative-study
#14
Sarah L Adam, Kerri A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Enhanced methods of evaluation are necessary to identify community-based exercise interventions that promote physical activity and improve health and participation for individuals with disabilities. The heterogeneity of the populations served, interventions implemented, and outcome measures used remains a barrier to effectively evaluate programs and generate evidence to inform best practice. OBJECTIVE: To explore goals and benefits of community-based exercise for individuals with disabilities and determine barriers and facilitators to evaluation in a community setting...
September 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956861/brazilian-citizens-opinions-and-attitudes-about-farm-animal-production-systems
#15
Maria C Yunes, Marina A G von Keyserlingk, Maria J Hötzel
The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their "social license to operate"; failure to engage with the public on this topic risks the long-term sustainability of these industries. The primary aim of this study was to explore the beliefs and attitudes of Brazilians citizens not associated with livestock production towards farm animal production. A related secondary aim was to identify the specific beliefs and attitudes towards systems that are associated with restriction of movement...
September 28, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945524/clinician-perspectives-and-practices-regarding-the-use-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-adolescent-depression
#16
Sara Radovic, Glenn Alexander Melvin, Michael Solomon Gordon
Initial evidence suggests that exercise is an effective method in reducing symptoms of depression amongst adolescents. It is important to examine clinician attitudes and practices regarding the incorporation of exercise in mental health treatment, and to examine potential facilitators and barriers to exercise prescription. An online survey was conducted amongst mental health clinicians (N = 125) working in the treatment of adolescent depression. Clinicians held favourable attitudes towards exercise, most frequently ranking exercise as the second most important treatment for adolescent depression following cognitive behaviour therapy...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944041/understanding-the-context-for-pet-cat-and-dog-feeding-and-exercising-behaviour-among-pet-owners-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#17
Martin J Downes, Catherine Devitt, Marie T Downes, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: Pet cat and dog obesity contributes to increased risk of several diseases, including cancer and diabetes mellitus as well as a worsening of orthopaedic problems, and a reduction in survival rate. This study aims to develop a better understanding of cat and dog owners' self-reported beliefs and factors that influence owner behaviour around feeding and exercising their pet cat or dog, as there is a lack of in-depth understanding in this area. Seven focus group discussions, with 43 pet owners in total, were conducted...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937320/self-regulation-and-implicit-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-influence-exercise-behavior
#18
Avelina C Padin, Charles F Emery, Michael Vasey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Dual-process models of health behavior posit that implicit and explicit attitudes independently drive healthy behaviors. Prior evidence indicates that implicit attitudes may be related to weekly physical activity (PA) levels, but the extent to which self-regulation attenuates this link remains unknown. This study examined the associations between implicit attitudes and self-reported PA during leisure time among 150 highly active young adults and evaluated the extent to which effortful control (one aspect of self-regulation) moderated this relationship...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936120/knowledge-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-osteoporosis-among-female-medical-school-entrants-in-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Aleena Zehra Merchant, Abdur Rehman, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Maarij Malik, Asad Hammad Ur Rehman, Pallavi Rani, Emaan Farhan, Taha S Rehman, Umer Sultan Shamsi, Sadia Aminah
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a growing health problem around the world. The increasing incidence of osteoporotic fractures coupled with the lack of knowledge about the disease in the general community means that the disease is continuously increasing the burden on health sector and the general population. The purpose of the study is to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices about osteoporosis among female medical school entrants in Karachi. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted amongst 400 female medical school entrants of DOW University of Health Sciences (DUHS) and Jinnah Sindh Medical University (JSMU)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935198/obesity-in-america
#20
Raul J Rosenthal, John Morton, Stacy Brethauer, Samer Mattar, Eric De Maria, Jennifer K Benz, Jennifer Titus, David Sterrett
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in America continues to grow significantly. Awareness and understanding of the disease of obesity and treatment options for it appear to be lacking among the general US population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify misperceptions in diagnosis and treatment of obesity, struggles Americans face in obtaining treatment, consequences of obesity, and perceived barriers to weight loss. SETTING: University hospital, United States...
October 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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