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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341813/regenerative-medicine-a-vehicle-to-infuse-laboratory-bench-modules-into-an-exercise-physiology-curriculum
#1
Jason M Brown, Breonte S Guy, Dawn X Henderson, C Edward Ebert, Jill Harp, Chad D Markert
Regenerative medicine is a novel discipline that both excites undergraduates and may be used as a vehicle to expose students to scientific concepts and opportunities. The goal of this article is to describe the implementation of a National Science Foundation-funded Targeted Infusion Project in which underrepresented minority undergraduates are exposed to laboratory-bench skills and summer research opportunities that they may not have encountered otherwise. A 3-wk infusion of laboratory-bench and data presentation skills, in the context of a regenerative medicine/bioengineering project, aimed to engage students and expose them to opportunities as summer researchers and teaching assistants...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322609/peer-teaching-and-information-retrieval-the-role-of-the-nice-evidence-search-student-champion-scheme-in-enhancing-students-confidence
#2
Laura Sbaffi, Elaine Hallsworth, Anne Weist
BACKGROUND: This research reports on the NICE Evidence search (ES) student champion scheme (SCS) first five years of activity (2011-2016) in terms of its impact on health care undergraduate students' information search skills and search confidence. OBJECTIVES: A review of students' evaluation of the scheme was carried out to chart the changes in attitude towards NICE Evidence search as an online health care information source and to monitor students' approach to information seeking...
January 11, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306608/perspective-of-older-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-breast-cancer-survivors-from-diverse-socioeconomic-backgrounds-toward-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study
#3
Cynthia Owusu, Elizabeth Antognoli, Nora Nock, Paul Hergenroeder, Kristina Austin, Elizabeth Bennet, Nathan A Berger, Stephen Cerne, Katelyn Foraker, Kevin Heine, Ellen Heyman, Halle Moore, Jean Petkac, Mark Schluchter, Kathryn H Schmitz, Anastasia Whitson, Susan Flocke
BACKGROUND: We sought to explore the perspective of older breast cancer survivors (BCS) from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds toward physical activity (PA) to inform the design of a PA program that fosters acceptability. METHODS: Participants included sixty women, ≥65years, within two years of treatment completion for stage I-III breast cancer. We purposely sampled ≥ten patients in each race [African-American (AA) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW)] and socioeconomic status (SES) [SES disadvantaged and SES non-disadvantaged] group...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287276/patients-attitudes-towards-and-acceptance-of-coercion-in-psychiatry
#4
Eva Krieger, Steffen Moritz, Ricarda Weil, Matthias Nagel
Coercive interventions for psychiatric patients are controversial. Research on different preventive measures has increased over the last years. The present study examined patients' attitudes towards and understanding of previously experienced coercive measures as well as their preferences related to coercive measures and possible alternatives. In total, 213 patients who had experienced coercion and 51 patient controls (patients staying voluntarily on a closed ward with no coercive treatment) from three acute wards were examined via expert interviews and questionnaires in the framework of a naturalistic trial...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281875/knowledge-attitudes-preventive-practices-and-screening-intention-about-colorectal-cancer-and-the-related-factors-among-residents-in-guangzhou-china
#5
Min-Yi Wang, Guo-Zhen Lin, Yan Li, Hang Dong, Yu-Huang Liao, Hua-Zhang Liu, Ze-Fang Ren
Background: In Guangzhou, China, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer. The government initiated a CRC screening program in 2015, and investigating the knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward CRC would help facilitate the participation of the program. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2014 to September 2015. Questionnaires were passed out with a cluster sample in 15 randomly selected primary schools of Guangzhou China, and one of each student’s family members aged between 20 to 65 years old were included...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280818/attitudes-toward-and-management-of-fibromyalgia-a-national-survey-of-canadian-rheumatologists-and-critical-appraisal-of-guidelines
#6
Arnav Agarwal, Yvgeniy Oparin, Lauren Glick, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Jonathan D Adachi, Matthew D Cooper, Lucas Gallo, Laura Wong, Jason W Busse
BACKGROUND: Canadian rheumatologists' attitudes toward and management of fibromyalgia remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore management strategies and attitudes of Canadian rheumatologists toward fibromyalgia and concordance with guideline recommendations. METHODS: We administered a 17-item cross-sectional survey to Canadian rheumatologists and explored the concordance between respondents' management practices with the 2012 Canadian Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of fibromyalgia...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259061/how-do-women-with-eating-disorders-experience-a-new-treatment-combining-guided-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-an-interview-study-of-women-participating-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#7
Gunn Pettersen, Solveig Sørdal, Jan H Rosenvinge, Tone Skomakerstuen, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how women with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) experience participating in a new treatment programme for eating disorders, based on guided physical exercise and dietary therapy. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Six women with BN and four with BED were semistructurally interviewed. Transcribed interviews were analysed using a text-condensing analytic approach. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in four main categories: (1) 'a renewed attitude towards physical activity', (2) 'a new perception of food', (3) 'mixed feelings of being in a heterogeneous treatment group' and (4) 'insight in one's own recovery process', each with 2-4 subcategories to express nuances...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243168/the-views-of-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer-towards-physical-activity-a-qualitative-exploration
#8
G Sheill, E Guinan, L O Neill, D Hevey, J Hussey
PURPOSE: Patients with metastatic cancer can experience debilitating symptoms, which may influence attitudes towards and engagement in physical activity. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of patients living with metastatic prostate cancer towards physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were completed with male patients living with metastatic prostate cancer. Interviews included eight questions related to patients' attitudes towards physical activity...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#9
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202642/physical-activity-barriers-and-facilitators-among-us-pacific-islanders-and-the-feasibility-of-using-mobile-technologies-for-intervention-a-focus-group-study-with-tongan-americans
#10
Neng Wan, Ming Wen, Jessie X Fan, O Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Sara McCormick, Kirsten Elliott, Emily Nicolosi
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islanders experience an elevated risk of health conditions such as obesity and diabetes, which are related to a lack of physical activity (PA). However, little attention has been paid to understanding the determinants of PA and promoting PA among this racial/ethnic group in the United States. METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions with Tongan Americans, one of the major Pacific Islander groups in the United States, to gain a better understanding of their PA participation patterns, their barriers and facilitators, their attitudes toward PA, and their perceptions of how mobile technologies such as smartphones could help increase their PA levels...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158914/unsupervised-progressive-elastic-band-exercises-for-frail-geriatric-inpatients-objectively-monitored-by-new-exercise-integrated-technology-a-feasibility-trial-with-an-embedded-qualitative-study
#11
C R Rathleff, T Bandholm, E G Spaich, M Jorgensen, J Andreasen
Background: Frailty is a serious condition frequently present in geriatric inpatients that potentially causes serious adverse events. Strength training is acknowledged as a means of preventing or delaying frailty and loss of function in these patients. However, limited hospital resources challenge the amount of supervised training, and unsupervised training could possibly supplement supervised training thereby increasing the total exercise dose during admission. A new valid and reliable technology, the BandCizer, objectively measures the exact training dosage performed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148620/perceptions-of-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#12
Lesley Cooper, Louisa Ells, Cormac Ryan, Denis Martin
AIMS: To gain insight into the lived experience of adults with overweight/obesity and chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). Knowledge gained will inform healthcare professionals about the complexity of the weight-pain relationship and enable more effective engagement with this population BACKGROUND: Quantitative studies show links between weight and pain. Adults with overweight/obesity are more likely to experience comorbidity however, qualitative research describing the complexities of the relationship is limited...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145588/the-perspectives-of-pre-frail-and-frail-older-people-on-being-advised-about-exercise-a-qualitative-study
#13
Agathe Daria Jadczak, Joanne Dollard, Neha Mahajan, Renuka Visvanathan
Background: Exercise is considered to be the most effective strategy to treat, prevent and delay frailty, a prevalent geriatric syndrome observed in clinical practice. Encouraging frail older people to take up exercise is crucial in the management of this condition. The study aimed to explore pre-frail and frail older peoples' perspectives in relation to being advised about exercise and their perceptions of the general practitioners' (GPs) role in promoting exercise for older people. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 community-dwelling older (median age 83 years) participants screened pre-frail or frail using the FRAIL Screen...
November 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124329/recruitment-to-and-pilot-results-of-the-paces-randomized-trial-of-physical-exercise-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-colon-cancer
#15
Hanna van Waart, Martijn M Stuiver, Wim H van Harten, Edwin Geleijn, Marianne de Maaker-Berkhof, Jolanda Schrama, Maud M Geenen, Jetske M Meerum Terwogt, Simone M van den Heiligenberg, Jeannette A J H Hellendoorn-van Vreeswijk, Gabe S Sonke, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: We report the recruitment rate, reasons for and factors influencing non-participation, and descriptive results of a randomized controlled trial of two different exercise programs for patients with colon cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Participants were randomized to a low-intensity, home-based program (Onco-Move), a moderate- to high-intensity, combined supervised resistance and aerobic exercise program (OnTrack), or Usual Care. Non-participants provided reasons for non-participation and were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing behavioral and attitudinal variables...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118158/dental-hygienists-attitudes-toward-the-obese-population
#16
Gwen Essex, Keiko Miyahara, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore dental hygienists' attitudes toward the obese population and to determine whether there are differences in attitudes among those with different self-reported body images.Methods: The study population was dental hygienists whose email addresses were in the database of the California Dental Hygienists' Association (CDHA). CDHA distributed the electronic message containing study information, informed consent, and a link to the survey. The survey consisted of 14 items from the Fat Phobia Scale, 13 items from the Anti-fat Attitudes Questionnaire (AFAQ), 3 demographic questions, and 1 question on body image...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107371/understanding-farmers-safety-behaviour-towards-pesticide-exposure-and-other-occupational-risks-the-case-of-zanjan-iran
#17
Rohallah Rezaei, Christos A Damalas, Gholamhossein Abdollahzadeh
Preventive interventions for reducing occupational risks and health problems among farmers require the identification of factors contributing to unsafe behaviour, but research on this topic is rather limited. A theoretical model for studying factors affecting farmers' use of occupational safety and health (OSH) practices in Iran was developed. The model was empirically tested using data collected from a survey of 301 tomato farmers of Zanjan Province of Iran. The examined OSH practices encompassed a wide range of behaviours, grouped in four categories, i...
October 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105045/modifying-attitude-and-intention-toward-regular-physical-activity-using-protection-motivation-theory-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kamal Mirkarimi, Maryam Eri, Mohammad R Ghanbari, Mohammad J Kabir, Mojtaba Raeisi, Rahman B Ozouni-Davaji, Mohammad Aryaie, Abdurrahman Charkazi
We were guided by the Protection Motivation Theory to test the motivational interviewing effects on attitude and intention of obese and overweight women to do regular physical activity. In a randomized controlled trial, we selected using convenience sampling 60 overweight and obese women attending health centres. The women were allocated to 2 groups of 30 receiving a standard weight-control programme or motivational interviewing. All constructs of the theory (perceived susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy and response efficacy) and all anthropometric characteristics (except body mass index) were significantly different between the groups at 3 study times...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094773/availability-of-prostate-cancer-exercise-rehabilitation-resources-and-practice-patterns-in-belgium-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090387/factors-influencing-non-participation-in-an-exercise-program-and-attitudes-towards-physical-activity-amongst-cancer-survivors
#20
Sarah J Hardcastle, Chloe Maxwell-Smith, Sviatlana Kamarova, Stephanie Lamb, Lesley Millar, Paul A Cohen
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to investigate factors influencing non-participation in a structured exercise program for cancer survivors and to explore survivors' experiences and attitudes in relation to physical activity participation. METHODS: Face-to-face or telephone interviews were conducted with individuals who had registered for, or engaged in, the 'Life Now' exercise program run by Cancer Council Western Australia. Participants were 20 cancer survivors (mean age 63...
October 31, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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