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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771953/mitochondrial-disease-patient-motivations-and-barriers-to-participate-in-clinical-trials
#1
Zarazuela Zolkipli-Cunningham, Rui Xiao, Amy Stoddart, Elizabeth M McCormick, Amy Holberts, Natalie Burrill, Shana McCormack, Lauren Williams, Xiaoyan Wang, John L P Thompson, Marni J Falk
BACKGROUND: Clinical treatment trials are increasingly being designed in primary mitochondrial disease (PMD), a phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous collection of inherited multi- system energy deficiency disorders that lack effective therapy. We sought to identify motivating factors and barriers to clinical trial participation in PMD. METHODS: A survey study was conducted in two independent mitochondrial disease subject cohorts. A discovery cohort invited subjects with well-defined biochemical or molecularly- confirmed PMD followed at a single medical center (CHOP, n = 30/67 (45%) respondents)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749287/a-qualitative-exploration-of-weight-bias-and-quality-of-health-care-among-health-care-professionals-using-hypothetical-patient-scenarios
#2
Justine Seymour, Jennifer L Barnes, Julie Schumacher, Rachel L Vollmer
The purpose of this study was to determine whether weight bias exhibited by health care professionals (HCPs) impacts quality of health care provided to individuals with obesity. HCPs (n = 220; 88% female, 87% nurses) in the Midwest region of the United States were recruited to complete an online survey. In this within-subjects study design, participants completed the Attitudes Towards Obese Persons (ATOP) scale to assess weight bias and responded to 2 (1 person with obesity and 1 person without obesity) hypothetical patient scenarios to evaluate quality of care...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740694/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-of-oncologists-and-oncology-health-care-providers-in-promoting-physical-activity-to-cancer-survivors-an-international-survey
#3
Sarah J Hardcastle, Robert Kane, Paola Chivers, Dana Hince, Andrew Dean, Dominic Higgs, Paul A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncologists towards physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors, and the association between oncologists' own PA behavior and PA promotion. METHODS: Oncologists (n = 123) completed a survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Participants reported PA promotion behavior, PA involvement, attitudes, intentions, social norm, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and confidence and knowledge of exercise prescription...
May 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#4
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723136/the-history-of-aerobics-50-years-and-still-counting
#5
Kenneth H Cooper
Looking back over the 50 years since Aerobics was published, I could never have expected for there to have been a major change in physicians' attitudes toward the value of exercise in the practice of medicine. In my lifetime, I never thought I would see a stress test be considered a mandatory component of a complete examination, inactivity classified as importantly as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and cigarette smoking considered a coronary risk factor. I have tried in this Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport (RQES) Lecture presentation to document how this slow but gradual transition took place due to my work and the work of many of my colleagues in this field, along with the important work of The Cooper Institute...
May 3, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718265/effectiveness-of-a-brief-psycho-oncology-training-program-for-general-nurses-a-preliminary-study
#6
Yosuke Kubota, Tatsuo Akechi, Toru Okuyama
Many nurses are not confident in management of psychological distress in cancer patients. We developed a brief psycho-oncology training program for general nurses, and explored the usefulness of the program preliminary. Seventy-two nurses in 17 designated cancer hospitals received a 4-h program comprising an e-learning lecture on assessment and management of normal psychological responses to cancer and an onsite workshop, including a role-play exercise and group work. Primary outcomes were changes in self-reported confidence, knowledge and attitudes toward caring for patients with normal psychological response between pre-training and post-training...
April 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706705/the-feasibility-of-using-exergames-as-a-rehabilitation-tool-the-attitudes-awareness-opinions-and-experiences-of-physiotherapists-and-older-people-towards-exergames
#7
Abdullah Tobaigy, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Suzanne Timmons, Omar Farouk Helal
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using exergames as a rehabilitation tool by determining the attitudes, awareness, opinions and experiences of physiotherapists, and older people towards exergames. [Subjects and Methods] A cross-sectional study was conducted and two short self-developed questionnaires (for physiotherapists and older people) were distributed in three hospitals in Cork (Ireland) to assess the attitudes towards and familiarity with exergames among physiotherapists and older people...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702702/interaction-of-healthcare-staff-s-attitude-with-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-quantitative-assessment
#8
Giuseppe Regolisti, Umberto Maggiore, Alice Sabatino, Ilaria Gandolfini, Sarah Pioli, Claudia Torino, Filippo Aucella, Adamasco Cupisti, Valentina Pistolesi, Alessandro Capitanini, Giorgia Caloro, Mariacristina Gregorini, Yuri Battaglia, Marcora Mandreoli, Lucia Dani, Giovanni Mosconi, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Paolo Conti, Enrico Fiaccadori
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: In hemodialysis patients, sedentarism is a potentially modifiable mortality risk factor. We explored whether healthcare staff's attitude towards exercise interacts with patient-perceived barriers in modifying the level of physical activity in this population. METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study we recruited 608 adult patients and 330 members of the healthcare staff in 16 hemodialysis units in Italy. We assessed patient-perceived barriers to, and healthcare staff's attitude towards, exercise by specific questionnaires...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656533/a-weed-resistance-management-game-a-teaching-tool
#9
George B Frisvold
BACKGROUND: This article provides instructions and materials to moderate an interactive resistance management game. The game is designed to generate discussion about the challenges and possibilities of coordinating resistance management activities among groups of farmers. The game has been successfully applied in classroom settings, extension workshops, and at professional weed science meetings. Research has found farmers often perceive the success of their own resistance management may be thwarted if their neighbors are not adequately managing resistance as well...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603580/exploring-pathways-towards-improving-patient-experience-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-rarp-assessing-patient-satisfaction-and-attitudes
#10
Bradley R Reynolds, Caroline Bulsara, Nik Zeps, Jim Codde, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Damien Bolton, Justin Vivian
OBJECTIVE: To determine patient satisfaction and experience after Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer, using a convergent mixed-method qualitative analysis approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 412 patients who underwent RARP between January 2014 and June 2016 were mailed questionnaires and invited to participate in focus groups. Qualitative data was thematically analysed using NVivo. Descriptive statistics were obtained from the questionnaire using SPSS...
March 30, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596004/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-yoga-in-medical-students-assessment-of-anthropometry-and-lifestyle-factors
#11
Shreelaxmi V Hegde, Swathi K Rao, Ritesh G Menezes, Shashidhar M Kotian, Sowmya Shetty
Medical students often experience significant stress during their undergraduate training. Evidence has shown short-term yoga to be effective in decreasing stress in students. This study aimed to assess knowledge about, attitude toward, and practice of (KAP) yoga among medical students. A secondary objective was to analyze their dietary habits and physical activity. Participants consisted of 224 medical students aged 18-23 years in pre- and paraclinical groups. A closed-ended KAP questionnaire was used to collect data...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580030/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-breast-cancer-amongst-lebanese-females-in-beirut
#12
Margueritta El Asmar, Amer Bechnak, Johny Fares, Dana Al Oweini, Ahmad Alrazim, Adnan El Achkar, Hani Tamim
Objectives: Regular screening for breast cancer is associated with better survival, but compliance with guidelines depends on good knowledge and attitudes. This study aimed to assess the level of breast cancer knowledge, attitudes and screening practices in Lebanese females, and identify their socio-demographic determinants as well as barriers to mammography use. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 371 Lebanese females residing in Beirut aged 18-65 with no history of breast cancer. The questionnaire applied was adapted from Stager and Champion...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563256/women-madness-and-exercise
#13
Jennifer Jane Hardes
The positive relationship between exercise and mental health is often taken for granted in today's society, despite the lack of academic literature evidencing this symbiosis. Gender is considered a significant determinant in a number of mental health diagnoses. Indeed, women are considered twice as likely as men to experience the most pervasive mental health condition, depression. Exercise for women's mental health is promoted through various macrolevel charity, as well as microlevel, campaigns that influence government healthcare policy and National Health Service guidelines...
March 21, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537659/validation-of-the-exercise-and-eating-disorder-questionnaire-in-males-with-and-without-eating-disorders
#14
Marit Danielsen, Sigrid Bjørnelv, Grete Helen Bratberg, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The need to consider gender when studying exercise in eating disorder (ED) has been underscored. The study aimed to test the psychometric properties and factor structure of the exercise and eating disorder (EED) questionnaire for males with and without ED, to highlight gender differences, and to explore issues relevant for a male version of the EED questionnaire. METHOD: This cross sectional study included 258 male participants: 55 ED patients (inpatients and outpatients) and 203 student controls...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504806/implicit-attitudes-and-the-improvement-of-exercise-capacity-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#15
Guillaume Chevance, Nelly Héraud, Alain Varray, Julie Boiché
The aim of this study was to examine the role of explicit and implicit attitudes in the improvement of exercise capacity during a 5-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). A total of 105 patients performed walking tests at baseline and at the end of PR. Change between performances was computed at the end of PR, and Minimal-Clinically-Important-Difference (MCID) were used to categorize patients as responders (i.e. change above MCID, N = 54) or non-responders (i.e. change below MCID, N = 51). At baseline, implicit attitudes were measured through a physical activity versus sedentary behavior Implicit Association Test; explicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior were measured by questionnaires...
March 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471862/human-forest-interfaces-in-hugumburda-gratkhassu-national-forest-priority-area-north-eastern-ethiopia
#16
Leul Kidane, Sileshi Nemomissa, Tamrat Bekele
BACKGROUND: Traditional management regimes and knowledge systems of forest resources have shaped forests throughout the world where materials from individual species are harvested in a sustainable manner. To comprehend this, the vegetation of Hugumburda-Gratkhassu Forest was described and related to anthropogenic factors. METHODS: Three ethnobotanical research methods were used to collect indigenous knowledge of the local inhabitants related to conservation and utilization of forest resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471613/examination-of-previously-published-data-to-identify-patterns-in-the-social-representation-of-hearing-aids-across-countries
#17
Vinaya Manchaiah, Pierre Ratinaud, Aristotle Tympas, Berth Danermark, Per Germundsson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Societal factors seem to exercise a strong influence on hearing aid uptake, use, and satisfaction. In particular, knowledge, perception, and attitude of people will have bearing towards their and others health behavior and decisions. The current study aimed at understanding the perception of hearing aids by adults belonging to the general population in different countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study employed a crosssectional design...
April 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466549/an-international-survey-of-assessment-practices-for-short-term-and-working-memory-deficits-in-aphasia
#18
Christos Salis, Laura Murray, Katrina Bakas
Purpose: Recent research has highlighted the clinical relevance of understanding the nature of short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) deficits in persons with aphasia and the way these deficits affect linguistic processing and functional communication in activities of daily living. The psychometric properties of tests commonly used to identify STM/WM problems in individuals with aphasia, however, have been questioned. No previous study has sought to investigate assessment practices and attitudes by speech-language pathologists involved in aphasia management...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466285/the-impact-of-brain-breaks-classroom-based-physical-activities-on-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-in-polish-school-children-in-third-to-fifth-grade
#19
Agata Glapa, Joanna Grzesiak, Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska, Ming-Kai Chin, Christopher R Edginton, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Michal Bronikowski
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing attitudes toward physical activity of school children in a community in Poland. In 2015, a sample of 326 pupils aged 9-11 years old from 19 classes at three selected primary schools were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups within the study. During the classes, children in the experimental group performed physical activities two times per day in three to five minutes using Brain Breaks® videos for four months, while the control group did not use the videos during the test period...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#20
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
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