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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817828/fall-prone-older-people-s-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-virtual-reality-technology-for-fall-prevention
#1
Kim Dockx, Lisa Alcock, Esther Bekkers, Pieter Ginis, Miriam Reelick, Elisa Pelosin, Giovanna Lagravinese, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman, Lynn Rochester, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) technology is a relatively new rehabilitation tool that can deliver a combination of cognitive and motor training for fall prevention. The attitudes of older people to such training are currently unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate: (1) the attitudes of fall-prone older people towards fall prevention exercise with and without VR; (2) attitudinal changes after intervention with and without VR; and (3) user satisfaction following fall prevention exercise with and without VR...
August 18, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801218/urology-residents-experience-and-attitude-towards-surgical-simulation-presenting-our-four-year-experience-with-a-multi-institutional-multi-modality-simulation-model
#2
Alexander Chow, B Sherer, E Yura, S Kielb, E Kocjancic, S Eggener, T Turk, S Park, S Psutka, M Abern, K Latchamsetty, C Coogan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Urological resident's attitude and experience with surgical simulation in residency education using a multi-institutional, multi-modality model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Residents from six area urology training programs rotated through simulation stations in four consecutive sessions from 2014 to 2017. Workshops included GreenLight photovaporization of the prostate(PVP), ureteroscopic stone extraction, laparoscopic peg transfer, 3-dimensional laparoscopy rope pass, transobturator sling placement, intravesical injection, high definition video system trainer (VITOM), vasectomy, and Urolift...
August 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800059/the-impact-of-educational-interventions-on-attitudes-of-emergency-department-staff-towards-patients-with-substance-related-presentations-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#3
Miriam Gonzalez, Diana E Clarke, Asha Pereira, Krystal Boyce-Gaudreau, Celeste Waldman, Lisa Demczuk, Carol Legare
BACKGROUND: Visits to emergency departments for substance use/abuse are common worldwide. However, emergency department health care providers perceive substance-using patients as a challenging group to manage which can lead to negative attitudes. Providing education or experience-based exercises may impact positively on behaviors towards this patient population. Whether staff attitudes are similarly impacted by knowledge acquired through educational interventions remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize available evidence on the relationship between new knowledge gained through substance use educational interventions and emergency department health care providers' attitudes towards patients with substance-related presentations...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797666/effect-of-pain-neurophysiology-education-on-physiotherapy-students-understanding-of-chronic-pain-clinical-recommendations-and-attitudes-towards-people-with-chronic-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
G Collearya, K O'Sullivan, D Griffin, C G Ryan, D J Martin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pain neurophysiology education (PNE) on student physiotherapists': (1) knowledge of chronic pain; (2) attitudes towards patients with chronic pain; and (3) clinical recommendations for patients with chronic pain. DESIGN: Multicentre single-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: One UK and one Irish university. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two student physiotherapists. INTERVENTION: Participants received either PNE (intervention) or a control education...
March 22, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792569/-evaluation-of-a-citizenship-oriented-intervention-the-citizens-project-of-the-university-of-recovery
#5
Jean-François Pelletier, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Janie Houle, Julie Bordeleau, Sébastien Laroche, Michael Rowe
Objectives The Global Model of Public Mental Health is "global" not only in the sense of having an international perspective, but in regarding service users as actors at all levels of public mental health exerting collective and organized influence on the social determinants of health, in addition to being recipients of care. Having access to appropriate health and mental health care when needed is a fundamental human right. Having a say over the manner in which care is provided, including partnership in decision making in care planning and ongoing care, has gained increasing support among recipients and providers of care...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780065/eating-and-health-behaviors-in-vegans-compared-to-omnivores-dispelling-common-myths
#6
Sydney Heiss, Jaime A Coffino, Julia M Hormes
Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans ("vegans"), compared to omnivores. Participants (n = 578, 80.4% female) completed an online questionnaire assessing a range of eating- and other health-related attitudes and behaviors...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768405/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-influenza-vaccinations-among-college-students-in-vietnam-and-the-united-states
#7
Akiko Kamimura, Ha N Trinh, Shannon Weaver, Alla Chernenko, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Hanh Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: Influenza is a significant worldwide public health issue. Knowledge and perceptions regarding the flu vaccination are associated with whether individuals obtain the vaccination. The purpose of this study was to examine how such perceptions were related to knowledge and self-efficacy regarding influenza and the flu vaccination in Vietnam and the US. METHODS: College students (n=932) in Vietnam (n=495) and the US (n=437) completed a self-administered survey regarding knowledge and perceptions of influenza vaccinations in September and October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702867/exercise-to-support-indigenous-pregnant-women-to-stop-smoking-acceptability-to-m%C3%A4-ori
#9
Vaughan Roberts, Marewa Glover, Lesley McCowan, Natalie Walker, Michael Ussher, Ihirangi Heke, Ralph Maddison
Objectives Smoking during pregnancy is harmful for the woman and the unborn child, and the harms raise risks for the child going forward. Indigenous women often have higher rates of smoking prevalence than non-indigenous. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help pregnant smokers to quit. Māori (New Zealand Indigenous) women have high rates of physical activity suggesting that an exercise programme to aid quitting could be an attractive initiative. This study explored attitudes towards an exercise programme to aid smoking cessation for Māori pregnant women...
July 12, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697054/medication-simulation-affects-health-provider-students-attitudes-about-adherence-and-concordance
#10
Tamara O Perdue, J Todd Jackson, Christine Herring, Kathryn Garren, R Anthony Yocum, Melvin Swanson, Ann Marie Nye
INTRODUCTION: Assisting polypharmacy patients with complex health regimens is a part of health provider responsibilities. The concepts of adherence and concordance contrast the traditional emphasis on patient compliance. However, health provider students may not be able to empathize with polypharmacy patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a medication simulation on medical, nursing, and pharmacy students' beliefs about adherence and concordance. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest, and posttest design was used with institutional review board approval...
July 10, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687291/student-radiographers-attitudes-towards-the-older-patient-a-longitudinal-study
#11
L Booth, S Kada, M Satinovic, P Phillips, P K Miller
INTRODUCTION: To design, implement and evaluate the effect of an educational intervention on student radiographer attitudes across their educational tenure. METHODS: In the first phase, an educational intervention that involved didactic lectures, reflective exercises and simulation suits, aimed at improving student radiographer attitudes towards the older person, was designed and implemented. Kogan's attitudes towards older people (KoP) scale was administrated at five test points; pre-intervention; post-intervention; 6 months post intervention; 12 months post intervention and 24 months post intervention...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681620/the-burden-of-mood-disorder-cerebrovascular-disease-comorbidity-essential-neurobiology-psychopharmacology-and-physical-activity-interventions
#12
Michele Fornaro, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Domenico De Berardis, Elisabetta Filomena Buonaguro, Carmine Tomasetti, Giampaolo Perna, Antonio Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs) and CVD-related disorders (including cerebrovascular diseases; CBVDs) are a major public health concern as they represent the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. Patients with CVDs and CBVDs co-morbid with mood disorders, especially bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), suffer reduced quality-of-life and significant disability adjusted for years of life and mortality. The relationship between CVDs/CBVDs and mood disorders is likely to be bidirectional...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669369/young-people-s-perspectives-on-open-communication-between-family-members-when-a-parent-is-dying
#13
Nicola Turner
OBJECTIVE: Living with a parent who is approaching the end of life is profoundly troubling for young people. Research indicates that family communication about life-limiting parental illness can influence how young people manage living with dying. In particular, open communication between family members has been shown to be helpful. This paper reports on a study of young people's experiences of family interaction when a parent is dying and considers the practice of open communication in the context of young people's involvement in giving and receiving family care...
July 3, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639441/effect-of-periodized-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-on-body-composition-and-attitudes-towards-hunger-in-active-men-and-women
#14
Todd A Astorino, Brendyn Heath, Jason Bandong, Gina M Ordille, Ramon Contreras, Matthew Montell, Matthew M Schubert
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake similar to aerobic exercise. However, changes in body composition are equivocal in response to HIIT. AIM: We examined changes in body composition and dietary restraint in response to 20 sessions of HIIT varying in structure. METHODS: Thirty nine active men and women (age and VO2max = 22.5 ± 4.4 yr and 40.1 ± 5.6 mL/kg/min) were randomized to one of three periodized HIIT regimes performed on a cycle ergometer...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594878/development-and-evaluation-of-a-culturally-appropriate-hypertension-education-cahe-training-program-for-health-care-providers
#15
Jennita G Meinema, Joke A Haafkens, Debbie A D C Jaarsma, Henk C P M van Weert, Nynke van Dijk
BACKGROUND: In Western countries, hypertension and hypertension-related complication are more common in ethnic minority groups of African descent than in indigenous populations. Addressing ethnic minority patients' perceptions of hypertension and its treatment through the use of cultural appropriate hypertension education (CAHE) increases adherence to medication and lifestyle recommendations. Given these effects, it seems warranted to develop a training program on how to deliver this type of patient education for Primary Care Nurse Practitioners (PCNPs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585979/impact-of-interprofessional-simulation-on-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-teamwork-and-collaboration
#16
Linda Krueger, Kim Ernstmeyer, Ellen Kirking
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a multipatient, interprofessional simulation session on nursing students' attitudes toward nurse-physician collaboration using the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration. METHOD: Final-semester nursing students, along with medical resident and students from other health programs, participated in a simulation exercise that included a period of prebriefing, simulation, and debriefing...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571566/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-general-public-in-galle-district-in-southern-sri-lanka-a-pilot-study
#17
H M M Herath, N P Weerasinghe, H Dias, T P Weerarathna
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a global epidemic with significant disability and premature death. Identification of the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to diabetes among the general public is important in strategies for prevention of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted as a community based cross sectional study in three Medical Officers of Health (MOH) areas in Galle district. Previously healthy literate individuals who have not attended any diabetes education program in the last two years were selected for this study...
June 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533101/personal-attitudes-toward-weight-in-overweight-and-obese-us-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Zeb Saeed, Kevin M Janda, Bryan M Tucker, Lacey Dudley, Patricia Cutter, Allon N Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common among end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. Yet, little attention has been given to what hemodialysis patients themselves think of their weight, how they perceive it affects their health, and their attitudes about or desire for weight reduction. We explored these issues using a survey that we designed specifically for the dialysis population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty-six chronic hemodialysis patients from a US urban center with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2) and stable weight were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527832/-we-are-all-there-for-the-same-purpose-support-for-an-integrated-community-exercise-program-for-older-adults-with-hf-and-copd
#19
Laura Desveaux, Samantha Harrison, Annemarie Lee, Sunita Mathur, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established improvements following rehabilitation, functional gains often diminish following discharge. OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes of older adults with HF and COPD, who have completed rehabilitation, toward community-based exercise maintenance. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 individuals with HF or COPD. RESULTS: Deductive thematic analysis uncovered three themes: 1) transitioning to community exercise is challenging, highlighting participants' struggle with unstructured maintenance and a lack of appropriate programs; 2) a structured, group-based program tailored to functional ability facilitates adherence, describing participants views on the importance of routine, and accountability; and 3) "We are all there for the same purpose" - participant support for integrated exercise, including the benefit of multiple perspectives and sustainability...
July 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503528/the-development-of-anger-management-program-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-youth-taekwondo-players
#20
Duksun Chang, Seunghyun Hwang
This study aimed to develop an intervention program based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for youth taekwondo players. Eight sessions of the ACT program were provided to nine youth taekwondo players. The content analysis was conducted for the activities, activity sheets, assignments, and program evaluations. First of all, the results showed that the ACT program changed the participants' diverse psychological inflexibility a flexible and value-oriented state, which was supported by their positive mood changes after each session...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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