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Attitudes toward exercise

Matthew J Stork, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
This study investigated the impact of listening to music during exercise on perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards sprint interval training (SIT). Twenty men (24.8 ± 4.5 years) and women (20.1 ± 2.6 years) unfamiliar with SIT exercise completed two acute sessions of SIT, one with and one without music. Perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards SIT were measured post-exercise for each condition. Attitudes and intentions to engage in SIT were also measured at baseline and follow-up...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Dana Sawchuk
One means to uncover common attitudes toward aging and older adults is to perform content analyses of popular print media forms such as newspapers, magazines, and even greeting cards. This active learning activity involves small groups of undergraduate students replicating, in a limited way, elements of a published research study on the messages conveyed by age-related birthday cards. In the exercise, each group of students is asked to analyze a set of 15 different birthday cards and to share qualitative and quantitative findings with classmates before submitting a written "discussion section" on their results to the instructor...
October 14, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Angira Patel, Gregory Webster, Kendra Ward, John Lantos
: Aim The aim of the present study was to determine general paediatrician knowledge, practices, and attitudes towards electrocardiogram (ECG) screening in school athletes during pre-participation screening exam (PPSE). METHODS: Paediatricians affiliated with a tertiary children's hospital completed a survey about ECGs for PPSE. RESULTS: In total, 205/498 (41%) responded; 92% of the paediatricians did not include an ECG as part of PPSE; 56% were aware of a case in which a student athlete in their own community had died of sudden unexplained death; 4% had an athlete in their practice die...
October 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Vojna Tapola, Jarl Wahlström, Raimo Lappalainen
BACKGROUND: Improving attitudes of personnel towards self-injurious patients leads to better working alliance and contributes to better patient outcomes. Previous research into the improvement of these attitudes has recorded the need for specific training in evidence-based assessment and treatment of self-injurious patients. AIM: The current study describes the attitudes towards self-injurious patients among psychiatric personnel. The study also evaluates the effect of a structured clinical training program on psychiatric personnel's attitudes towards patients who self-injure...
July 2016: Nurs Open
Joy Kelly, Stephen Gallagher, Jennifer McMahon
BACKGROUND: Recovery orientated intervention has experienced a paradigm shift towards stakeholder training and education within recovery colleges. Such colleges are typically underpinned by a culture of emancipatory education that aims to facilitate recovery through educational choice. AIMS: The study aims to establish regional readiness for a recovery college. Specifically, we aim to uncover key stakeholder attitudes towards recovery, outline a contextual conceptualization of recovery and show how inductive, community-based research can incorporate stakeholder views with core fidelity markers of a recovery college...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Priyanka Sehrawat, K K Shivlingesh, Bhuvandeep Gupta, Richa Anand, Abhinav Sharma, Monica Chaudhry
AIM: To assess the oral health knowledge, awareness and associated exercised practices of pre-school children's mothers in Greater Noida, India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sampling frame for this study was chosen via convenient sampling. It comprised 598 mothers of children aged between 2 and 5 years, attending the paediatrics division of a government and four private hospitals in Greater Noida. A pre-tested questionnaire was distributed to the participants which comprised questions on the participant's sociodemographic characteristics and 23 statements regarding their knowledge, attitude and practices towards their child's oral health...
July 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Zhong Lin, Balamurali Vasudevan, Su Jie Fang, Vishal Jhanji, Guang Yun Mao, Wei Han, Tie Ying Gao, Kenneth J Ciuffreda, Yuan Bo Liang
BACKGROUND: Chinese traditional "eye exercises of acupoints" have been advocated as a compulsory measure to reduce visual symptoms, as well as to retard the development of refractive error, among Chinese students for decades. The exercises are comprised of a 5-min, bilateral eye acupoint self-massage. This study evaluated the possible effect of these eye exercises among Chinese rural students. METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-six students (437 males, 52.3 %), aged 10...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Anna Lindgren, G Dunberger, A Enblom
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to describe how gynaecological cancer survivors (GCS) experience incontinence in relation to quality of life, their possibilities for physical activity and exercise and their perceptions and experiences of pelvic floor muscle training. METHOD: This qualitative interview content analysis study included 13 women (48-82 age) with urinary (n = 10) or faecal (n = 3) incontinence after radiation therapy (n = 2), surgery (n = 5) and surgery and radiation therapy (n = 6) for gynaecological cancer, 0...
September 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Matthew D Cunningham, Mitchell L Cordova, Eric Shamus, Chad Caldwell, Renee M Jeffreys-Heil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Christine Petrin, Scott Kahan, Monique Turner, Christine Gallagher, William H Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Relatively few patients receive obesity counselling consistent with the USPSTF guidelines, and many health care professionals (HCPs) are biased in their attitudes towards obesity management. METHODS: A national sample of family physicians, internists, OB/GYN physicians, and nurse practitioners (NPs) completed a web-based survey of beliefs, practice, and knowledge regarding obesity management. RESULTS: A majority of HCPs believe that it is both the patient's and the provider's responsibility to ensure that the patient is counselled about obesity...
August 25, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Vivien P Nichols, Esther Williamson, Francine Toye, Sarah E Lamb
PURPOSE: This study explores the experience of participants taking part in a hand exercise programme for people with rheumatoid arthritis with a focus on adherence. The exercise programme was tested in a randomised controlled trial. This parallel qualitative study will inform future implementation into clinical practice. METHOD: Twenty-seven semi-structured interviews from 14 participants were undertaken at two time points (4 and 12 months after randomisation). We collected data of participants' experiences over time...
August 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Joceline S Liu, Caroline Dong, Amanda X Vo, Laura Jo Dickmeyer, Claudia L Leung, Richard A Huang, Stephanie J Kielb, Shubhra Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of obesity using traditional body mass index (BMI) using length may not be a reliable indicator of body composition in spina bifida (SB). We examine traditional and surrogate measures of adiposity in adults with SB, correlated with activity, metabolic disease, attitudes towards exercise and quality of life. DESIGN: Adult subjects with SB underwent obesity classification using BMI by length and arm span, abdominal girth and percent trunk fat (TF) on dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
André E Bussières, Fadi Al Zoubi, Kent Stuber, Simon D French, Jill Boruff, John Corrigan, Aliki Thomas
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) gaps are widespread across health disciplines. Understanding factors supporting the uptake of evidence can inform the design of strategies to narrow these EBP gaps. Although research utilization (RU) and the factors associated with EBP have been reported in several health disciplines, to date this area has not been reviewed comprehensively in the chiropractic profession. The purpose of this review was to report on the current state of knowledge on EBP, RU, and knowledge translation (KT) in chiropractic...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jia-Ying Fang, Ji-Lin Li, Zhong-Han Li, Duan-Min Xu, Chang Chen, Bin Xie, Helen Chen, William W Au
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) protocols have diversified to include home-based cardiac tele-rehabilitation (HBCTR) as an alternative to hospital-based or center-based CR. To adopt the use of home-based cardiac tele-rehabilitation, it is necessary to assess cardiac patients' attitudes towards acceptance of such e-health technology, especially in China where knowledge of such technology is deficient. METHODS: Interviews were conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China...
May 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
S F A Duijts, E M A Bleiker, C H Paalman, A J van der Beek
The application of behavioural change models and theories has not been studied, and behavioural determinants have not been considered, in the context of cancer and work. The aim of this study is to assess the relevance of a behavioural approach in the development of work-related interventions for cancer survivors. Two search strategies were conducted to identify studies on (1) lifestyle interventions (exercise, smoking, alcohol intake and diet), based on behavioural models and theories, in cancer survivors; (2) behavioural determinants regarding work...
July 6, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Gorden Sudeck, Julia Schmid, Achim Conzelmann
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between exercise experiences (perceptions of competence, perceived exertion, acute affective responses to exercise) and affective attitudes toward exercise. This relationship was analyzed in a non-laboratory setting during a 13-weeks exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 56 women and 49 men (aged 35-65 years; M age = 50.0 years; SD = 8.2 years) took part in the longitudinal study. Affective responses to exercise (affective valence, positive activation, calmness) as well as perceptions of competence and perceived exertion were measured at the beginning, during, and end of three exercise sessions within the 13-weeks exercise program...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Axel Westerwick, Benjamin K Johnson, Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick
Health information is often sought online, despite varying credibility of online sources, and may shape health behaviors. This investigation builds on the Selective Exposure Self- and Affect-Management model to examine selective exposure to online health information from low- and high-credibility sources and subsequent effects on attitudes toward health behaviors. In a lab study, 419 participants accessed online search results about health topics. The display varied messages in a 4 × 2 × 2 all within-subjects design, with topic as a four-step factor (organic food, coffee, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical exercise) and source credibility (low vs...
July 1, 2016: Health Communication
Vibin Roy, Lauren G Collins, Claire M Sokas, Edwin Lim, Elena Umland, Elizabeth Speakman, Sokha Koeuth, Christine M Jerpbak
PURPOSE: We analyzed student reflection essays to evaluate the impact of an interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum on what students value and personally learn from their participation. METHODS: After completing a 2-year IPE curriculum in the Health Mentors Program (HMP), while partnered with a mentor with chronic disease(s), 264 students from six health professions submitted personal reflection papers, using the Rolfe Reflection-in-Action model. A sample of 60 essays was analyzed using conventional content analysis guided by grounded theory...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Robin Z Hayeems, Fiona A Miller, Carolyn J Barg, Yvonne Bombard, Celine Cressman, Michael Painter-Main, Brenda Wilson, Julian Little, Judith Allanson, Denise Avard, Yves Giguere, Pranesh Chakraborty, June C Carroll
OBJECTIVES: Retaining residual newborn screening (NBS) bloodspots for medical research remains contentious. To inform this debate, we sought to understand public preferences for, and reasons for preferring, alternative policy options. METHODS: We assessed preferences among 4 policy options for research use of residual bloodspots through a bilingual national Internet survey of a representative sample of Canadians. Fifty percent of respondents were randomly assigned to select reasons supporting these preferences...
June 2016: Pediatrics
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