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Attitudes toward exercise

Marit Danielsen, Sigrid Bjørnelv, Grete Helen Bratberg, Øyvind Rø
OBJECTIVE: The need to consider gender when studying exercise in eating disorder (ED) has been underscored. The study aimed to test the psychometric properties and factor structure of the exercise and eating disorder (EED) questionnaire for males with and without ED, to highlight gender differences, and to explore issues relevant for a male version of the EED questionnaire. METHOD: This cross sectional study included 258 male participants: 55 ED patients (inpatients and outpatients) and 203 student controls...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Guillaume Chevance, Nelly Héraud, Alain Varray, Julie Boiché
The aim of this study was to examine the role of explicit and implicit attitudes in the improvement of exercise capacity during a 5-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). A total of 105 patients performed walking tests at baseline and at the end of PR. Change between performances was computed at the end of PR, and Minimal-Clinically-Important-Difference (MCID) were used to categorize patients as responders (i.e. change above MCID, N = 54) or non-responders (i.e. change below MCID, N = 51). At baseline, implicit attitudes were measured through a physical activity versus sedentary behavior Implicit Association Test; explicit attitudes toward physical activity and sedentary behavior were measured by questionnaires...
March 5, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Leul Kidane, Sileshi Nemomissa, Tamrat Bekele
BACKGROUND: Traditional management regimes and knowledge systems of forest resources have shaped forests throughout the world where materials from individual species are harvested in a sustainable manner. To comprehend this, the vegetation of Hugumburda-Gratkhassu Forest was described and related to anthropogenic factors. METHODS: Three ethnobotanical research methods were used to collect indigenous knowledge of the local inhabitants related to conservation and utilization of forest resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Vinaya Manchaiah, Pierre Ratinaud, Aristotle Tympas, Berth Danermark, Per Germundsson
Background and Objectives: Societal factors seem to exercise a strong influence on hearing aid uptake, use, and satisfaction. In particular, knowledge, perception, and attitude of people will have bearing towards their and others health behavior and decisions. The current study aimed at understanding the perception of hearing aids by adults belonging to the general population in different countries. Subjects and Methods: The study employed a crosssectional design...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Christos Salis, Laura Murray, Katrina Bakas
Purpose: Recent research has highlighted the clinical relevance of understanding the nature of short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) deficits in persons with aphasia and the way these deficits affect linguistic processing and functional communication in activities of daily living. The psychometric properties of tests commonly used to identify STM/WM problems in individuals with aphasia, however, have been questioned. No previous study has sought to investigate assessment practices and attitudes by speech-language pathologists involved in aphasia management...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Agata Glapa, Joanna Grzesiak, Ida Laudanska-Krzeminska, Ming-Kai Chin, Christopher R Edginton, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Michal Bronikowski
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing attitudes toward physical activity of school children in a community in Poland. In 2015, a sample of 326 pupils aged 9-11 years old from 19 classes at three selected primary schools were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups within the study. During the classes, children in the experimental group performed physical activities two times per day in three to five minutes using Brain Breaks® videos for four months, while the control group did not use the videos during the test period...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Hamish Fibbins, Philip B Ward, Andrew Watkins, Jackie Curtis, Simon Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are efficacious in reducing cardiometabolic risk and improving symptoms in people with severe mental illness, yet evidence guiding the implementation and scalability of such efforts is lacking. Given increasing efforts to address the disparity in physical health outcomes facing people with a mental illness, novel approaches to increasing adoption of effective interventions are required. Exercise interventions targeting mental health staff may improve staff health while also creating more positive attitudes towards the role of lifestyle interventions for people experiencing mental illness...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Zehra Gok Metin, Nur Izgu, Canan Karadas, Ayse Arikan Donmez
In Turkey, between 22.1% and 84.1% of patients with cancer use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, few CAM-related studies have focused on the perspective of oncology nurses. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Turkish oncology nurses regarding CAM. A descriptive cross-sectional survey of 127 participants was conducted in Ankara, Turkey. A semistructured questionnaire including characteristics, knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncology nurses toward CAM was administered to participants...
March 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Jeffrey D Fogle, Aaron C Jannings, Michael T Gross, Richard A Scheuring, Joshua Crist
Introduction: Several studies have shown that the parachute ankle brace (PAB) is safe, cost-effective, and reduces the rates of ankle injuries during military parachuting. However, the acceptability and usability of the PAB has not been well established in units that regularly do airborne exercises. Many anecdotal concerns in the past may be limiting common use. The purpose of the study is to ascertain the attitudes toward the PAB among experienced paratroopers. Methods: One hundred experienced paratroopers training to be jumpmasters at the Advanced Airborne School (Fort Bragg, NC) voluntarily responded to a 13-item, paper questionnaire to assess attitudes toward the PAB, its use, and concerns about future ankle injuries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Timothy C Howle, James A Dimmock, Nikos Ntoumanis, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Cassandra Sparks, Ben Jackson
We tested the effects of advertisements about a fictitious exercise class-derived using the theoretical constructs of agency and communion-on recipients' perceptions about, and interest in, the class. The final sample consisted of 150 adults (Mage = 44.69, SD = 15.83). Results revealed that participants who received a communal-oriented message reported significantly greater exercise task self-efficacy and more positive affective attitudes relative to those who received an agentic-oriented message. Communal (relative to agentic) messages were also indirectly responsible for greater intentions to attend the class, via more positive self-efficacy beliefs and affective attitudes...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Caz Hales, Lesley Gray, Lynne Russell, Carol MacDonald
Extremely obese patients pose significant challenges for those who strive to provide care. The prevalence and consequences of weight bias and stigma in health care have been well documented, but research on how to reduce weight bias and stigma is limited. To assess the impact of simulating obesity on the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals toward extreme obesity, a qualitative study involving 6 registered nurses and 1 registered physiotherapist was conducted between November 2015 and May 2016...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Neil Maguire, Paul Chesterton, Cormac Ryan
CONTEXT: Pain education is a fundamental part of a holistic approach to athlete injury management. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) on Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (STR) students: 1) knowledge of persistent pain; 2) attitudes towards athletes with persistent pain; 3) clinical recommendations for athletes with persistent pain. DESIGN: Parallel groups, single-blind randomised control trial. SETTING: A UK University...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Windy L Rothmund, Ann D O'Kelley-Wetmore, Merri L Jones, Michael B Smith
Purpose: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a means of fostering integration and collaboration between health care professions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an IPE educational module on dental hygiene (DH) and physician assistants (PA) students' knowledge of the oral manifestations of menopause and overall confidence in treating these conditions.Methods: A convenience sample of DH and PA students was used for this mixed-method study. Quantitative data was collected with pre- and post-tests using a modified Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Survey (RIPLS) and a principle investigator (PI)-designed knowledge of menopause test, to determine the students' attitudes and learning levels...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
K Crandall, R Maguire, A Campbell, N Kearney
Surgical removal remains the best curative option for patients diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer. However, it is also associated with significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. Interventions to improve patient outcomes are required. This study aimed to explore the views, attitudes and beliefs of key stakeholders on exercise intervention for people who are surgically treated for lung cancer to inform the development of future interventions. Focus groups and individual interviews were carried out at two Scottish sites...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Megan Perez, Marie Donaldson, Namita Jain, June K Robinson
Importance: Sun safety attitudes developed in early childhood can reduce lifetime UV radiation exposure and the risk of skin cancer. Objective: To assess the current policies, practices, and attitudes among caregivers regarding sun protection in children aged 2 to 6 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: A survey of 202 administrators or managers and teachers of Illinois Head Start/Early Head Start (HS/EHS) and day care centers was conducted from July 3 through 21, 2017...
January 24, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Jason M Brown, Breonte S Guy, Dawn X Henderson, C Edward Ebert, Jill Harp, Chad D Markert
Regenerative medicine is a novel discipline that both excites undergraduates and may be used as a vehicle to expose students to scientific concepts and opportunities. The goal of this article is to describe the implementation of a National Science Foundation-funded Targeted Infusion Project in which underrepresented minority undergraduates are exposed to laboratory-bench skills and summer research opportunities that they may not have encountered otherwise. A 3-wk infusion of laboratory-bench and data presentation skills, in the context of a regenerative medicine/bioengineering project, aimed to engage students and expose them to opportunities as summer researchers and teaching assistants...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Laura Sbaffi, Elaine Hallsworth, Anne Weist
BACKGROUND: This research reports on the NICE Evidence search (ES) student champion scheme (SCS) first five years of activity (2011-2016) in terms of its impact on health care undergraduate students' information search skills and search confidence. OBJECTIVES: A review of students' evaluation of the scheme was carried out to chart the changes in attitude towards NICE Evidence search as an online health care information source and to monitor students' approach to information seeking...
March 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Cynthia Owusu, Elizabeth Antognoli, Nora Nock, Paul Hergenroeder, Kristina Austin, Elizabeth Bennet, Nathan A Berger, Stephen Cerne, Katelyn Foraker, Kevin Heine, Ellen Heyman, Halle Moore, Jean Petkac, Mark Schluchter, Kathryn H Schmitz, Anastasia Whitson, Susan Flocke
BACKGROUND: We sought to explore the perspective of older breast cancer survivors (BCS) from diverse racial and socioeconomic backgrounds toward physical activity (PA) to inform the design of a PA program that fosters acceptability. METHODS: Participants included sixty women, ≥65years, within two years of treatment completion for stage I-III breast cancer. We purposely sampled ≥ten patients in each race [African-American (AA) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW)] and socioeconomic status (SES) [SES disadvantaged and SES non-disadvantaged] group...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
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