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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074991/-factors-affecting-the-educational-environment-in-undergraduate-medical-schools
#1
Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibáñez G
BACKGROUND: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. AIM: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057048/a-preliminary-study-of-a-novel-emergency-department-nursing-triage-simulation-for-research-applications
#2
Steven L Dubovsky, Daniel Antonius, David G Ellis, Werner Ceusters, Robert C Sugarman, Renee Roberts, Sevie Kandifer, James Phillips, Elsa C Daurignac, Kenneth E Leonard, Lisa D Butler, Jessica P Castner, G Richard Braen
BACKGROUND: Studying the effect on functioning of the emergency department of disasters with a potential impact on staff members themselves usually involves table top and simulated patient exercises. Computerized virtual reality simulations have the potential to configure a variety of scenarios to determine likely staff responses and how to address them without intensive utilization of resources. To decide whether such studies are justified, we determined whether a novel computer simulation has the potential to serve as a valid and reliable model of on essential function in a busy ED...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009390/knowledge-attitudes-and-related-practices-of-filipino-seafarers-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases
#3
Ernesto Ramos Gregorio, Jun Kobayashi, John Robert Carabeo Medina, Nymia Pimentel Simbulan
BACKGROUND: Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality. Due to the nature of their work and lifestyle on board, Filipino seafarers have a high propensity towards acquiring CVD. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to CVD of Filipino seafarers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilised a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among 136 male seafarers who went into a private general hospital for their pre-employment medical examination...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001135/a-survey-of-physicians-attitudes-toward-decision-making-authority-for-initiating-and-withdrawing-va-ecmo-results-and-ethical-implications-for-shared-decision-making
#4
Ellen C Meltzer, Natalia S Ivascu, Meredith Stark, Alexander V Orfanos, Cathleen A Acres, Paul J Christos, Thomas Mangione, Joseph J Fins
OBJECTIVE: Although patients exercise greater autonomy than in the past, and shared decision making is promoted as the preferred model for doctor-patient engagement, tensions still exist in clinical practice about the primary locus of decision-making authority for complex, scarce, and resource-intensive medical therapies: patients and their surrogates, or physicians. We assessed physicians' attitudes toward decisional authority for adult venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), hypothesizing they would favor a medical locus...
2016: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920744/attitudes-of-older-adults-in-a-group-based-exercise-program-toward-a-blended-intervention-a-focus-group-study
#5
Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Ben J A Kröse, Bart Visser, Raoul H H Engelbert, Jantine Van Den Helder, Peter J M Weijs
Ageing is associated with a decline in daily functioning and mobility. A physically active life and physical exercise can minimize the decline of daily functioning and improve the physical-, psychological- and social functioning of older adults. Despite several advantages of group-based exercise programs, older adults participating in such interventions often do not meet the frequency, intensity or duration of exercises needed to gain health benefits. An exercise program that combines the advantages of group-based exercises led by an instructor with tailored home-based exercises can increase the effectiveness...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918842/collaborative-practices-between-correctional-and-mental-health-services-in-norway-expanding-the-roles-and-responsibility-competence-domain
#6
Sarah Hean, Elisabeth Willumsen, Atle Ødegård
Internationally, mental illness is high in prison populations. Collaboration between the correctional services (CS) and mental health services (MHS) is required to address this. Little is known of the collaborative processes in this context, however. This article presents the findings of a study exploring the characteristics of collaborative practices between the MHS and CS in a Norwegian context. A purposeful sample (n = 12) of MHS and CS leaders was recruited from one region in Norway. Taking a generic qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews with each participant explored specific structures that promoted collaboration, the nature of collaborative relationships, and factors that facilitated or constrained these...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902497/service-providers-attitudes-toward-athletes-with-eating-disorders
#7
Siobhain McArdle, Mary M Meade, Emma Burrows
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the nature and extent of Athlete Support Personnel's (ASP's) attitudes and beliefs toward athletes with symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with those with symptoms of depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a survey instrument. SETTING: Sport and Exercise Science Professional Bodies and Associations in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and mainland United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ASP...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893906/effects-of-a-simulation-exercise-on-nursing-students-end-of-life-care-attitudes
#8
Linda Dame, Roberta Hoebeke
BACKGROUND: Students consider end-of-life care content in their nursing curricula to be inadequate and deficient in promoting the development of the necessary attitudes to care for dying patients. Research identifies simulation as an effective teaching strategy to examine nursing students' attitudes toward end-of-life care. METHOD: An end-of-life care simulation was developed, implemented, and evaluated. Attitudes toward caring for dying patients were measured pre- and postsimulation on a convenience sample of 57 sophomore nursing students using the Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale-Form B...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878860/the-role-of-menstruation-in-women-s-objectification-a-questionnaire-study
#9
Herdís Sveinsdóttir
AIM: To investigate the concepts of objectification and self-objectification among young women in the context of attitudes towards menstruation, menstrual suppression, menstrual and menarche experiences, disorder eating and exercise habits and to detect predictors of objectification and self-objectification. BACKGROUND: The negative effects of objectification are well founded. Considering the central role menstruation plays in female biology, it comes as quite a surprise that so little attention is given to the subject in the research on objectification...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846052/clusters-of-midlife-women-by-physical-activity-and-their-racial-ethnic-differences
#10
Eun-Ok Im, Young Ko, Eunice Chee, Wonshik Chee, Jun James Mao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify clusters of midlife women by physical activity and to determine racial/ethnic differences in physical activities in each cluster. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the data from 542 women (157 non-Hispanic [NH] Whites, 127 Hispanics, 135 NH African Americans, and 123 NH Asian) in a larger Internet study on midlife women's attitudes toward physical activity. The instruments included the Barriers to Health Activities Scale, the Physical Activity Assessment Inventory, the Questions on Attitudes toward Physical Activity, Subjective Norm, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Behavioral Intention, and the Kaiser Physical Activity Survey...
November 14, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843857/attitude-of-would-be-medical-graduates-toward-rural-health-services-an-assessment-from-government-medical-colleges-in-chhattisgarh
#11
Meeta Jain, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Anil Kumar Gupta, Pritam Roy
BACKGROUND: Understanding the attitude toward rural health care among future medical graduates, the health workforce of the near future, is an important exercise. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the attitude of third year MBBS students in a Government Medical College of Chhattisgarh toward rural health services. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 using a semi-open-ended questionnaire. The analysis was primarily descriptive, and nonparametric test of significance was used...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822057/exploring-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-toward-older-adults-with-hypertension-in-primary-care
#12
Luckwirun Chotisiri, Khemika Yamarat, Surasak Taneepanichskul
PURPOSE: High blood pressure increases the risk of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore a baseline of hypertension knowledge, attitudes, and practices among older adults with hypertension at a sub-district Health Promoting Hospital in the Pathum Thani province of Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the sub-district Health Promoting Hospital, one of the primary care sectors, between January and March 2015, and a total of 144 cases were recruited...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790467/nursing-instructor-and-students-perspectives-on-clinical-education-apprenticeship-problems
#13
Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi, Masoumeh Shohani
INTRODUCTION: Different problems might lead to reduction in the efficiency of nursing students' apprenticeship education and solving those problems. AIM: This study was conducted to determine nursing internship problems from the perspective of trainers and students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 20 trainers and 43 senior students of nursing were selected using census method. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777691/current-attitudes-toward-the-acgme-and-its-role-perspectives-of-a-national-multi-specialty-panel-of-residents-and-fellows
#14
Nicholas Weida, Lcdr Dinchen Jardine, Benjamin Kennedy, Amy Beane, Timothy Daskivich
BACKGROUND : Resident attitudes toward the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) likely influence the ACGME's effectiveness in its role of ensuring compliance with its requirements. Beyond perceptions of duty hour limits and their enforcement, there is a lack of data on resident perceptions of the ACGME and its role. OBJECTIVE : We explored resident attitudes toward the ACGME and developed recommendations for improved outreach to the resident community to improve perceptions...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760726/integrating-patient-generated-health-data-into-clinical-care-settings-or-clinical-decision-making-lessons-learned-from-project-healthdesign
#15
Deborah J Cohen, Sara R Keller, Gillian R Hayes, David A Dorr, Joan S Ash, Dean F Sittig
BACKGROUND: Patient-generated health data (PGHD) are health-related data created or recorded by patients to inform their self-care and understanding about their own health. PGHD is different from other patient-reported outcome data because the collection of data is patient-driven, not practice- or research-driven. Technical applications for assisting patients to collect PGHD supports self-management activities such as healthy eating and exercise and can be important for preventing and managing disease...
October 19, 2016: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754774/do-as-i-say-contradicting-beliefs-and-attitudes-towards-sports-concussion-in-australia
#16
Alan J Pearce, Janet A Young, Lucy Parrington, Nicole Aimers
The objective of this study was to explore beliefs and attitudes of students studying exercise science in Australia towards sports concussion. A secondary objective explored differences between gender and previous experience of concussion. A total of 312 participants (m = 217; f = 95) responded to a series of statements ranging across a number of areas including personal attitudes and beliefs towards concussion: if they would risk playing with a concussion; their views on elite/professional athletes who continue to play after a concussion; and attitudes towards rehabilitation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748159/listening-to-music-during-sprint-interval-exercise-the-impact-on-exercise-attitudes-and-intentions
#17
Matthew J Stork, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
This study investigated the impact of listening to music during exercise on perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards sprint interval training (SIT). Twenty men (24.8 ± 4.5 years) and women (20.1 ± 2.6 years) unfamiliar with SIT exercise completed two acute sessions of SIT, one with and one without music. Perceived enjoyment, attitudes and intentions towards SIT were measured post-exercise for each condition. Attitudes and intentions to engage in SIT were also measured at baseline and follow-up...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740894/the-birthday-card-exercise-replicating-research-as-active-learning
#18
Dana Sawchuk
One means to uncover common attitudes toward aging and older adults is to perform content analyses of popular print media forms such as newspapers, magazines, and even greeting cards. This active learning activity involves small groups of undergraduate students replicating, in a limited way, elements of a published research study on the messages conveyed by age-related birthday cards. In the exercise, each group of students is asked to analyze a set of 15 different birthday cards and to share qualitative and quantitative findings with classmates before submitting a written "discussion section" on their results to the instructor...
October 14, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719691/a-survey-of-paediatricians-on-the-use-of-electrocardiogram-for-pre-participation-sports-screening
#19
Angira Patel, Gregory Webster, Kendra Ward, John Lantos
: Aim The aim of the present study was to determine general paediatrician knowledge, practices, and attitudes towards electrocardiogram (ECG) screening in school athletes during pre-participation screening exam (PPSE). METHODS: Paediatricians affiliated with a tertiary children's hospital completed a survey about ECGs for PPSE. RESULTS: In total, 205/498 (41%) responded; 92% of the paediatricians did not include an ECG as part of PPSE; 56% were aware of a case in which a student athlete in their own community had died of sudden unexplained death; 4% had an athlete in their practice die...
October 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716325/a-scoping-review-of-australian-allied-health-research-in-ehealth
#20
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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