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Attitudes toward exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503528/the-development-of-anger-management-program-based-on-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-youth-taekwondo-players
#1
Duksun Chang, Seunghyun Hwang
This study aimed to develop an intervention program based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for youth taekwondo players. Eight sessions of the ACT program were provided to nine youth taekwondo players. The content analysis was conducted for the activities, activity sheets, assignments, and program evaluations. First of all, the results showed that the ACT program changed the participants' diverse psychological inflexibility a flexible and value-oriented state, which was supported by their positive mood changes after each session...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486816/attitudes-towards-exercise-among-substance-using-older-adults-living-with-hiv-and-chronic-pain
#2
Annie L Nguyen, Jordan E Lake, M Carrington Reid, Suzette Glasner, Jessica Jenkins, Jury Candelario, Sarah Soliman, Homero E Del Pino, Alison A Moore
Chronic pain and substance use disorders occur commonly among HIV-infected persons. Recent CDC guidelines recommend non-pharmacologic approaches over opioid medications for the management of chronic pain. This is particularly relevant for persons with substance use disorders. Structured physical activity may be an effective strategy for pain reduction. We developed a combined cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) + exercise intervention to reduce pain, pain-related disability and substance use and improve physical function in older HIV-infected adults with chronic pain and substance use...
May 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482320/legal-rights-to-safe-abortion-knowledge-and-attitude-of-women-in-north-west-ethiopia-toward-the-current-ethiopian-abortion-law
#3
R Muzeyen, M Ayichiluhm, T Manyazewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia...
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454800/rationale-and-design-of-family-based-approach-in-a-minority-community-integrating-systems-biology-for-promotion-of-health-familia
#4
Sameer Bansilal, Rajesh Vedanthan, Jason C Kovacic, Ana Victoria Soto, Jacqueline Latina, Johan L M Björkegren, Risa Jaslow, Maribel Santana, Samantha Sartori, Chiara Giannarelli, Venkatesh Mani, Roger Hajjar, Eric Schadt, Andrew Kasarskis, Zahi A Fayad, Valentin Fuster
BACKGROUND: The 2020 American Heart Association Impact Goal aims to improve cardiovascular health of all Americans by 20% while reducing deaths from cardiovascular disease and stroke by 20%. A large step toward this goal would be to better understand and take advantage of the significant intersection between behavior and biology across the entire life-span. In the proposed FAMILIA studies, we aim to directly address this major knowledge and clinical health gap by implementing an integrated family-centric health promotion intervention and focusing on the intersection of environment and behavior, while understanding the genetic and biologic basis of cardiovascular disease...
May 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410168/assessment-of-cancer-survivors-experiences-of-using-a-publicly-available-physical-activity-mobile-application
#5
Patrycja Puszkiewicz, Anna L Roberts, Lee Smith, Jane Wardle, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: Regular participation in physical activity (PA) is associated with improved physical and psychosocial outcomes in cancer survivors. However, PA levels are low during and after cancer treatment. Interventions to promote PA in this population are needed. PA mobile apps are popular and have potential to increase PA participation, but little is known about how appropriate or relevant they are for cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to (1) assess recruitment, study uptake, and engagement for a publicly available PA mobile app (GAINFitness) intervention in cancer survivors; (2) assess cancer survivors' attitudes towards the app; (3) understand how the app could be adapted to better meet the needs of cancer survivors; and (4) to determine the potential for change in PA participation and psychosocial outcomes over a 6-week period of using the app...
May 31, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359010/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-treatments-for-acrophobia
#6
REVIEW
Bruce Arroll, Henry B Wallace, Vicki Mount, Stephen P Humm, Douglas W Kingsford
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the comparative efficacy of psychological, behavioural and medical therapies for acrophobia (fear of heights). DATA SOURCES: Multiple databases were searched through the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders review group on 1 December 2015. DATA SYNTHESIS: The data were extracted independently and were pooled using RevMan version 5.3.5. The main outcome measures were changes from baseline on questionnaires for measurement of fear of heights, such as the Acrophobia Questionnaire (AQ), Attitude Towards Height Questionnaire (ATHQ), and behavioural avoidance tests...
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328269/physical-activity-and-exercise-after-stoma-surgery-overcoming-the-barriers
#8
Sarah Russell
This article presents the results from a large nationwide survey completed in 2016 that investigated the physical health and wellbeing of people living with stomas in the UK. In particular, the survey looked at physical activity and exercise, general attitudes and opinions about exercise, whether or not advice about physical activity had been received and other general questions about parastomal hernia and quality of life. There were 2631 respondents making it one of the largest known surveys to date. The findings were concerning yet unsurprising, highlighting a trend toward inactivity after stoma surgery and a fear of exercise in general...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293619/the-fitness-of-apps-a-theory-based-examination-of-mobile-fitness-app-usage-over-5-months
#9
Lynn Katherine Herrmann, Jinsook Kim
BACKGROUND: There are thousands of fitness-related smartphone applications ("apps") available for free and purchase, but there is uncertainty if these apps help individuals achieve and maintain personal fitness. Technology usage attrition is also a concern among research studies on health technologies. METHODS: Usage of three fitness apps was examined over 5 months to assess adherence and effectiveness. Initially, 64 participants downloaded three free apps available on Android and iOS and 47 remained in the study until posttest...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281832/outcomes-of-introducing-early-learners-to-interprofessional-competencies-in-a-classroom-setting
#10
Kelly S Lockeman, Sharon K Lanning, Alan W Dow, Joseph A Zorek, Deborah DiazGranados, Carole K Ivey, Shawne Soper
PROBLEM: Although interprofessional practice is important for improving healthcare delivery, there is little evidence describing interprofessional education (IPE) outcomes beyond changes in attitudes and knowledge of prelicensure learners. More rigorous evaluation of early IPE is needed to determine its impact on teaching interprofessional collaborative practice and providing a solid foundation for applying collaborative skills in the clinical environment. INTERVENTION: First-year students (N = 679) in 7 health professions programs participated in a 4-session series focusing on professional roles and responsibilities, teams and teamwork, and the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267811/patient-education-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associated-fatigue-a-systematic-review
#11
Maria Janina Wendebourg, Christoph Heesen, Marcia Finlayson, Björn Meyer, Jana Pöttgen, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease often causing decreased quality of life, social withdrawal and unemployment. Studies examining the effect of pharmacological interventions demonstrated only minor effects, whereas non-pharmacological interventions as e.g. patient education programs have shown promising results. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of patient education programs on fatigue in MS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260600/trends-in-population-blood-pressure-and-determinant-factors-for-population-blood-pressure
#12
Ulla Overgaard Andersen
Strategies to reduce the burden of blood pressure attributable diseases require knowledge of secular trend in PBP and its determinants. The issues were investigated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. The design of CCHS is a repeated measures study. Such designs are uniquely suited to studying changes of an outcome and what risk factors may be associated with that outcome. Repeated measures studies are very well suited for trend analysis by using mixed effect analyses. SBP decreased about 2 mmHg in 25 years...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260158/valuing-individuals-preferences-and-health-choices-of-physical-exercise
#13
Emmanuel Aboagye
The efficacy of physical exercise for the prevention and treatment of non-specific low back pain (LBP) is well documented, but little is known about how individuals value specific components of physical exercise, such as the type and design or the intensity and frequency of exercise. Other factors that influence individual differences in health choices and adherence are associated with individuals' attitudes toward and likelihood of performing recommended exercise regimens. Current evidence shows that efficacy is similar among exercise interventions, but their features vary widely...
March 4, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258536/move-it-or-lose-it-is-it-reasonable-for-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis-to-continue-to-use-paracetamol-in-order-to-maintain-physical-activity
#14
REVIEW
Kayla Lee, Julie Cooke, Gabrielle Cooper, Alison Shield
Osteoarthritis is a common progressive disease in older adults, and those affected often have impaired physical function, co-existing disease states, and reduced quality of life. In patients with osteoarthritis, pain is reported as a primary cause of mobility limitation, and guidelines recommend a mix of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic strategies for pain management. The benefits of exercise in the management of osteoarthritis are well established; however, pain appears to be the biggest barrier to patients engaging in, and adhering to, physical activity programs...
March 4, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217821/physicians-experiences-as-patients-with-statin-side-effects-a-case-series
#15
Hayley J Koslik, Athena Hathaway Meskimen, Beatrice Alexandra Golomb
Physicians are among those prescribed statins and therefore, subject to potential statin adverse effects (AEs). There is little information on the impact of statin AEs on physicians affected by them. We sought to assess the character and impact of statin AEs occurring in physicians and retired physicians, and to ascertain whether/how personal experience of AEs moderated physicians' attitude toward statin use. Seven active or retired physicians from the United States communicated with the Statin Effects Study group regarding their personal experience of statin AEs...
December 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210031/effects-of-exercise-therapy-during-dialysis-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-maintenance-dialysis
#16
Yusuke Chigira, Takahiro Oda, Masataka Izumi, Tukasa Yoshimura
[Purpose] Exercise therapy during dialysis is currently being recommended since it is easy for patients to follow and results in high participation rates. In this study, this therapy was performed for elderly patients undergoing maintenance dialysis, and its effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] Seven elderly patients (age: 70.6 ± 4.4) with chronic renal failure, who were able to perform exercises during maintenance dialysis, received the exercise therapy 2 or 3 times weekly for 3 months. Lower-limb muscle strength as well as the standardized dialysis dose (Kt/V) was measured before and after intervention...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208847/effect-of-different-phases-of-menstrual-cycle-on-cardio-respiratory-efficiency-in-normal-overweight-and-obese-female-undergraduate-students
#17
Nazrin Samsudeen, Archana Rajagopalan
INTRODUCTION: The influence of obesity on cardio-respiratory efficiency in the various phases of menstrual cycle is not well understood until now. As majority of Indian women have a favourable attitude towards participation in sports it is significant to understand the variation in exercise performance during different phases of menstrual cycle to have an optimum performance. AIM: To evaluate the endurance capacity and cardio-respiratory responses in normal, obese and overweight female undergraduate students during different phases of menstrual cycle...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135016/cancer-survivors-attitudes-towards-and-knowledge-of-physical-activity-sources-of-information-and-barriers-and-facilitators-of-engagement-a-qualitative-study
#18
L Smith, H Croker, A Fisher, K Williams, J Wardle, R J Beeken
Limited literature exists on attitudes towards, knowledge of and where cancer survivors seek information on physical activity. This study aimed to address these gaps in the literature. Interviews were conducted with 19 UK-based adult cancer survivors. Interviews covered participants' knowledge of the relationship between physical activity and cancer, sources of information and attitudes towards physical activity following their cancer treatment. Data were analysed using Thematic Analysis. Key themes included "physical activity is good for you," "desire to be more physically active," "limited guidance on participation in physical activity," "multi-dimensional barriers and facilitators of physical activity...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074991/-factors-affecting-the-educational-environment-in-undergraduate-medical-schools
#19
Guisela Olave P, Cristhian Pérez V, Eduardo Fasce H, Liliana Ortiz M, Nancy Bastías V, Carolina Márquez U, Paula Parra P, Pilar Ibáñez G
BACKGROUND: Educational environment has an important effect on the quality of learning and student satisfaction in medicine. Most of previous studies have been conducted using questionnaires that assess the phenomenon considering overall dimensions, without paying attention to the specific manifestations of this topic, especially those aspects that are related to the protagonists of the learning process: teachers and students. AIM: To describe factors that affect the educational environment in the preclinical Medical formation, according to Medical teachers in Concepción, Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057048/a-preliminary-study-of-a-novel-emergency-department-nursing-triage-simulation-for-research-applications
#20
Steven L Dubovsky, Daniel Antonius, David G Ellis, Werner Ceusters, Robert C Sugarman, Renee Roberts, Sevie Kandifer, James Phillips, Elsa C Daurignac, Kenneth E Leonard, Lisa D Butler, Jessica P Castner, G Richard Braen
BACKGROUND: Studying the effect on functioning of the emergency department of disasters with a potential impact on staff members themselves usually involves table top and simulated patient exercises. Computerized virtual reality simulations have the potential to configure a variety of scenarios to determine likely staff responses and how to address them without intensive utilization of resources. To decide whether such studies are justified, we determined whether a novel computer simulation has the potential to serve as a valid and reliable model of on essential function in a busy ED...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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