keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post operative agitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664299/intermittent-treatment-with-haloperidol-or-quetiapine-does-not-disrupt-motor-and-cognitive-recovery-after-experimental-brain-trauma
#1
Jillian J Weeks, Lauren J Carlson, Hannah L Radabaugh, Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced agitation and aggression pose major obstacles to clinicians in the acute hospital and rehabilitation settings. Thus, management of these symptoms is crucial. Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are a common treatment approach for alleviating these symptoms. However, previous preclinical TBI studies have indicated that daily and chronic administration of these drugs (e.g., haloperidol; HAL) can exacerbate cognitive and motor deficits. Quetiapine (QUE) is an atypical APD that differs from many typical APDs, such as HAL, in its relatively rapid dissociation from the D2 receptor...
September 21, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485518/process-parameters-and-changes-in-the-microbial-community-patterns-during-the-first-240%C3%A2-days-of-an-agricultural-energy-crop-digester
#2
Nicolas Weithmann, Alfons Rupert Weig, Ruth Freitag
Commercial biogas production takes place by complex microbial communities enclosed in controlled "technical ecosystems". Once established, the communities tend to be resilient towards disturbances, although the relative abundance of their members may vary. The start-up phase, during which the community establishes itself, is therefore decisive for the later performance of the reactor. In this study, we followed the first 240 days of a standard agricultural energy crop digester consisting of a 400 m(3) plug flow fermenter and a 1000 m(3) agitated post digester, operated at 40-45 °C...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264945/effect-of-clonidine-to-prevent-agitation-in-children-after-sevoflurane-anaesthesia-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-multicentre-trial
#3
Mogens Ydemann, Bettina Nygaard Nielsen, Jørn Wetterslev, Steen Henneberg, Torsten Lauritsen, Nick Steen, Birgitte Edström, Arash Afshari
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative agitation (PA) is a common problem (20-70%) in children anaesthetised with sevoflur-ane. Clonidine is widely used off-label in children for several indications, including PA, but the current level of evidence is limited. Our aim is to investigate the impact of prophylactic intravenous (IV) clonidine administered at the end of surgery on the incidence and degree of PA. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetic profile of IV clonidine in children is not well established and our aim is to obtain pharmacokinetic data relating hereto...
June 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031068/premedication-with-midazolam-in-intellectually-disabled-dental-patients-intramuscular-or-oral-administration-a-retrospective-study
#4
H Hanamoto, A Boku, M Sugimura, A Oyamaguchi, M Inoue, H Niwa
BACKGROUND: The use of midazolam for dental care in patients with intellectual disability is poorly documented. The purpose of this study was to determine which method of premedication is more effective for these patients, 0.15 mg/kg of intramuscular midazolam or 0.3 mg/kg of oral midazolam. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was designed and implemented as a non-randomized retrospective study. The study population was composed of patients with intellectual disability who required dental treatment under ambulatory general anesthesia from August 2009 through April 2013...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006141/experience-with-fast-track-postoperative-care-after-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery
#5
Nuria Martín, Ricard Valero, Paola Hurtado, Isabel Gracia, Carla Fernández, Jordi Rumià, Francesc Valldeoriola, Enrique J Carrero, Francisco Javier Tercero, Nicolás de Riva, Neus Fàbregas
BACKGROUND: A 24-h-stay in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) is a common postoperative procedure after deep brain stimulation surgery (DBS). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of a fast-track (FT) postoperative care protocol. METHODS: An analysis was performed on all patients who underwent DBS in 2 periods: 2006, overnight monitored care (OMC group), and 2007-2013, FT care (FT group). RESULTS: The study included 19 patients in OMC and 95 patients in FT...
March 19, 2016: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968337/post-anaesthetic-emergence-delirium-in-adults-incidence-predictors-and-consequences
#6
L Munk, G Andersen, A M Møller
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium (ED) after general anaesthesia (GA) is a well-known phenomenon, yet the risk factors are still unclear. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and independent predictors of ED and secondly to determine to which degree ED has any relevant, clinical consequences to medical staff as well as to patients. METHOD: This prospective, observational cohort study assessed adult patients emerging from GA in the operating room, using the Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS)...
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26788487/effect-of-ketamine-on-post-tonsillectomy-sedation-and-pain-relief
#7
Seyed Alireza Bameshki, Mohammad Reza Salari, Mahdi Bakhshaee, Majid Razavi
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is the one of the most common types of surgery in children, and is often accompanied by post-operative pain and discomfort. Methods of pain control such as use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), narcotics, and local anesthetics have been used, but each have their own particular side effects. In this study we investigated the effect of ketamine on post-operative sedation and pain relief. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children aged between 5 and 12 years who were candidates for tonsillectomy were divided into two groups...
November 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661088/adaptation-of-cho-cells-in-serum-free-conditions-for-erythropoietin-production-application-of-evop-technique-for-process-optimization
#8
Suzana Jukić, Dijana Bubenik, Nediljko Pavlović, Ana Jurinjak Tušek, Višnja Gaurina Srček
Mammalian cell cultures are the preferred expression systems for the production of biopharmaceuticals requiring posttranslational processing. Usually, cell cultures are cultivated in medium supplemented with serum, which supports cell proliferation, viability, and productivity. However, due to scientific and regulatory concerns, serum-free conditions are required in recombinant protein production. Cell lines that are intended for commercial recombinant protein production have to adapt to serum- or protein-free conditions early in their development...
September 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568530/accuracy-of-imaging-modalities-in-detection-of-baffle-leaks-in-patients-following-atrial-switch-operation
#9
Carolyn M Wilhelm, Tracey L Sisk, Sharon L Roble, Joanne L Chisolm, Ilija Janevski, John P Cheatham, Clifford L Cua
AIMS: Patients with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) status post atrial switch operation are vulnerable to complications such as baffle leaks. The best noninvasive imaging modality to detect baffle leaks is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of different noninvasive imaging modalities in the detection of baffle leaks in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A single center retrospective chart review of atrial switch patients was performed...
March 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472953/barbiturate-induction-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-agitation-after-pediatric-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#10
Tadasuke Use, Haruna Nakahara, Ayako Kimoto, Yuki Beppu, Maki Yoshimura, Toshiyuki Kojima, Taku Fukano
OBJECTIVES: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common and troublesome problem in pediatric patients recovering from general anesthesia. The incidence of EA is reportedly higher after general anesthesia maintained with sevoflurane, a popular inhalational anesthetic agent for pediatric patients. We conducted this prospective, randomized, double-blind study to test the effect of an intravenous ultra-short-acting barbiturate, thiamylal, administered during induction of general anesthesia on the incidence and severity of EA in pediatric patients recovering from Sevoflurane anesthesia...
September 2015: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26379291/comparison-between-sevoflurane-and-desflurane-on-emergence-and-recovery-characteristics-of-children-undergoing-surgery-for-spinal-dysraphism
#11
Priyanka Gupta, Girija Prasad Rath, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Parmod Kumar Bithal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rapid recovery is desirable after neurosurgery as it enables early post-operative neurological evaluation and prompt management of complications. Studies have been rare comparing the recovery characteristics in paediatric neurosurgical patients. Hence, this study was carried out to compare the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane anaesthesia on emergence and extubation in children undergoing spinal surgery. METHODS: Sixty children, aged 1-12 years, undergoing elective surgery for lumbo-sacral spinal dysraphism were enrolled...
August 2015: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303699/sub-ablative-er-yag-laser-irradiation-on-surface-roughness-of-eroded-dental-enamel
#12
Fabiana Almeida Curylofo-Zotti, Taísa Penazzo Lepri, Vivian Colucci, Cecília Pedroso Turssi, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of Er:YAG laser irradiation applied at varying pulse repetition rate on the surface roughness of eroded enamel. METHODS: Bovine enamel slabs (n = 10) were embedded in polyester resin, ground, and polished. To erosive challenges, specimens were immersed two times per day in 20mL of concentrated orange juice (pH = 3.84) under agitation, during a two-day period. Specimens were randomly assigned to irradiation with the Er:YAG laser (focused mode, pulse energy of 60 mJ and energy density of 3...
November 2015: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26131225/comparison-of-two-different-sevoflurane-expelling-methods-on-emergence-agitation-in-infants-following-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#13
Yunliang Yang, Tieying Song, Hong Wang, Kunfeng Gu, Pengyu Ma, Xiaojing Ma, Jianhui Zhao, Yuxia Li, JianHui Zhao, Guangyao Yang, Ruyu Yan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of two different inhalation anesthetic expelling methods on emergence agitation in infants following sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: 100 infants (1~3 years old) with cleft lip and palate and ASA classification I~II were randomized into two groups, a sevoflurane concentration decreasing expelling group (group n = 50 cases) and a low fresh gas flow expelling group (group D = 50 cases). The operation for cleft lip and palate repair was under general anesthesia, in which 30 minutes after initiation of narcosis ending extubation was indicated and after the tubes were removed the patients were sent to the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) to record anesthesia times, emergence agitation scores, Ramsay scores and adverse reactions including drowsiness, respiratory depression, nausea and vomiting, chills, hiccough or laryngospasms...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25984129/post-parathyroidectomy-thyrotoxicosis-and-atrial-flutter-a-case-for-caution
#14
Abdo Asmar, Edward A Ross
Despite transient hyperthyroidism reportedly occurring in ∼30% of post-parathyroidectomy (PTX) patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, it has rarely been described in the internal medicine literature. It occurs within days of surgery, is usually clinically mild or silent, and typically spontaneously resolves within weeks. Patients can, however, unusually present with symptoms and signs of thyrotoxicosis, including arrhythmias. We report a case of a hemodialysis patient who developed self-limited hyperthyroidism after intra-operative thyroid manipulation and excision during PTX surgery for secondary hyperparathyroidism that failed medical management...
April 2011: NDT Plus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885842/comparison-between-dexmedetomidine-and-midazolam-premedication-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-ophthalmic-day-care-surgeries
#15
Shailesh Bhadla, Deepal Prajapati, Thaju Louis, Garima Puri, Saurin Panchal, Mayur Bhuva
UNLABELLED: Midazolam is the most commonly used premedication in children. It has been shown to be more effective than parental presence or placebo in reducing anxiety and improving compliance at induction of anesthesia. Clonidine, an a2 agonist, has been suggested as an alternative. Dexmedetomidine is a more a2 selective drug with more favorable pharmacokinetic properties than clonidine. AIMS: To compare i.v. Dexmedetomidine and Midazolam as premedication in pediatric patients...
May 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25874562/meta-analysis-of-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-and-recovery-profiles-in-children-after-sevoflurane-anesthesia-different-administration-and-different-dosage
#16
Min Zhu, Haiyun Wang, Ai Zhu, Kaijun Niu, Guolin Wang
The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on emergence agitation (EA) and recovery profiles in children after sevoflurane anesthesia and its pharmacological mechanisms. Standard bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFP, Springer and ISI Web of Knowledge, were artificially searched to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the impact of dexmedetomidine with placebo, fentanyl and midazolam on EA and recovery profiles after sevoflurane anesthesia in post-anesthesia care unit (PACU)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25842991/effect-of-two-surgical-circumcision-procedures-on-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
N Karakoyunlu, R Polat, G B Aydin, J Ergil, T Akkaya, H Ersoy
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision (MC) is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures worldwide for medical and traditional reasons. No studies have compared the postoperative pain advantages of conventional techniques (i.e., sleeve and dorsal slit). OBJECTIVE: In this prospective randomized double-blind study, we investigated the effect of two surgical techniques (i.e., sleeve and dorsal slit) on postoperative pain and emergence agitation. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was conducted between January and July 2013...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729654/post-operative-headache-and-psychomotor-agitation-in-the-recovery-room-caused-by-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-orbital-decompression-surgery
#18
Babak Kavand, Mohammad Reza Ghodrati, Saeid Safari
There are several etiologies for agitation and headache in the recovery room, including preoperative or intraoperative drug administrations, physical disorders such as painful surgical procedures, and finally, unusual consequences of some operations such as subarachnoid hemorrhage after orbital decompression, a disastrous complication that should be particularly considered whenever facing any sort of headache or unattainable full recovery. In this study a rare case of subarachnoid hemorrhage is presented.
July 2011: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25727395/expansion-harvest-and-cryopreservation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-a-serum-free-microcarrier-process
#19
Thomas R J Heathman, Veronica A M Glyn, Andrew Picken, Qasim A Rafiq, Karen Coopman, Alvin W Nienow, Bo Kara, Christopher J Hewitt
Human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) therapies are currently progressing through clinical development, driving the need for consistent, and cost effective manufacturing processes to meet the lot-sizes required for commercial production. The use of animal-derived serum is common in hMSC culture but has many drawbacks such as limited supply, lot-to-lot variability, increased regulatory burden, possibility of pathogen transmission, and reduced scope for process optimization. These constraints may impact the development of a consistent large-scale process and therefore must be addressed...
August 2015: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656375/pre-emptive-peritonsillar-infiltration-of-magnesium-sulphate-and-ropivacaine-vs-ropivacaine-or-magnesium-alone-for-relief-of-post-adenotonsillectomy-pain-in-children
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiehao Sun, Xiuying Wu, Xiyue Zhao, Feifei Chen, Weijian Wang
OBJECTIVES: The randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study evaluated the administration of local infiltration of magnesium combined with ropivacaine to reduce pain scores after pediatric adenotonsillectomy. METHODS: Sixty one subjects received 5ml solution contained 0.25% ropivacaine plus 5mg/kg magnesium sulphate (Group M+R), 5ml 0.25% ropivacaine (Group R) or 5ml solution contained 5mg/kg magnesium sulphate (Group M). Pain scores in the ward and at home, analgesics received after operation and the adverse effects were recorded...
April 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
96630
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"