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exercise after myocardial infarction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075500/very-short-short-term-benefit-of-inpatient-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#1
Dejan Spiroski, Mojsije Andjić, Olivera Ilić Stojanović, Milica Lazović, Ana Djordjević Dikić, Miodrag Ostojić, Branko Beleslin, Snežana Kostić, Marija Zdravković, Dragan Lović
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation is an important part of treatment patients following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate effect of very short/short-term exercise training on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters. METHODS: We studied 54 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction (MI) treated with CABG surgery referred for rehabilitation. The study population consisted of 50 men and 4 women (age 57...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071959/tenfold-risk-increase-of-major-cardiovascular-events-after-high-limb-amputation-with-non-compliance-for-secondary-prevention-measures
#2
Evgeniya V Shalaeva, Hugo Saner, Bakhtiyor B Janabaev, Aleksandra V Shalaeva
Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of compliance with lifestyle recommendations and medication on 1-year prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) after trans-femoral amputation (TFA). Methods In this prospective single-center interventional cohort study, 179 consecutive T2D patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 1-year follow-up examination after TFA in 2013. Lower limb and coronary artery CT angiography were provided before surgery; physical examination and laboratory tests were performed at baseline and every month after TFA for 1 year...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069473/high-intensity-training-improves-global-and-segmental-strains-in-severe-congestive-heart-failure
#3
Yair Blumberg, Offir Ertracht, Itai Gershon, Noa Bachner-Hinenzon, Tali Reuveni, Shaul Atar
BACKGROUND: High intensity training (HIT) is superior to moderate aerobic training (MAT) for improving quality of life in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) has recently been suggested for estimation of left ventricle global and regional function. AIMS: We evaluated the utility of STE for characterizing differences in cardiac function following MAT or HIT in a CHF rat model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Following baseline physiological assessment, CHF was induced by coronary artery ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067536/history-of-erectile-dysfunction-as-a-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-after-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Leonida Compostella, Caterina Compostella, Li Van Stella Truong, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
Background Erectile dysfunction may predict future cardiovascular events and indicate the severity of coronary artery disease in middle-aged men. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether erectile dysfunction (expression of generalized macro- and micro-vascular pathology) could predict reduced effort tolerance in patients after an acute myocardial infarction. Patients and methods One hundred and thirty-nine male patients (60 ± 12 years old), admitted to intensive cardiac rehabilitation 13 days after a complicated acute myocardial infarction, were evaluated for history of erectile dysfunction using the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
INTRODUCTION: Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. METHODS: We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#6
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002382/the-mental-stress-ischemia-prognosis-study-mips-objectives-study-design-and-prevalence-of-inducible-ischemia
#7
Muhammad Hammadah, Ibhar Al Mheid, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Amit J Shah, Yan Sun, Brad Pearce, Ernest V Garcia, Michael Kutner, J Douglas Bremner, Fabio Esteves, Paolo Raggi, David S Sheps, Viola Vaccarino, Arshed A Quyyumi
OBJECTIVE: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a common phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but contemporary studies of its prognostic significance and its underlying pathophysiology are limited. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with confirmed CAD in the Mental Stress Ischemia Prognosis Study (MIPS) between 2011 and 2014. All patients underwent mental stress testing using a standardized public speaking task and ischemia was detected by 99mTc sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging...
December 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992395/vascular-function-and-structure-in-veteran-athletes-after-myocardial-infarction
#8
Martijn F H Maessen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Bregina T P Hijmans-Kersten, Ayla Grotens, Tim H A Schreuder, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen
PURPOSE: Although athletes demonstrate lower cardiovascular risk and superior vascular function compared with sedentary peers, they are not exempted from cardiac events (i.e., myocardial infarction [MI]). The presence of an MI is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and impaired vascular function. We tested the hypothesis that lifelong exercise training in post-MI athletes, similar as in healthy controls, is associated with a superior peripheral vascular function and structure compared with a sedentary lifestyle in post-MI individuals...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931504/clinical-benefits-of-stem-cells-for-chronic-symptomatic-systolic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-of-the-existing-data-and-ongoing-trials
#9
Marie-France Poulin, Anjan Deka, Burhan Mohamedali, Gary L Schaer
The benefits of stem cell therapy for patients with chronic symptomatic systolic heart failure due to ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM and NICM, respectively) are unclear. We performed a systematic review of major published and ongoing trials of stem cell therapy for systolic heart failure and compared measured clinical outcomes for both types of cardiomyopathy. The majority of the 29 published studies demonstrated clinical benefits of autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs)...
November 2016: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899438/the-impact-of-exercise-only-based-rehabilitation-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction
#10
Iwona Korzeniowska-Kubacka, Maria Bilińska, Dorota Piotrowska, Monika Stepnowska, Ryszard Piotrowicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of exercise training on depression, anxiety, physical capacity and sympatho-vagal balance in patients after myocardial infarction and compare differences between men and women. METHODS: Thirty-two men aged 56.3±7.6 years and 30 women aged 59.2±8.1 years following myocardial infarction underwent an 8-week training programme consisting of 24 interval trainings on cycloergometer, three times a week. Before and after completing the training programme, patients underwent: depression intensity assessment with the Beck depression inventory; anxiety assessment with the state-trait anxiety inventory; a symptom-limited exercise test during which were analysed: maximal workload, duration, double product...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879166/sex-differences-in-release-of-cardiac-troponin-t-after-endurance-exercise
#11
Zhaowei Kong, Jinlei Nie, Hua Lin, Keith George, Gang Zhao, Haifeng Zhang, Tomas K Tong, Qingde Shi
CONTEXT: Post-exercise cardiac troponin release has been extensively described in athletic groups but little attention has been given to any role of sex in mediating this phenomenon. OBJECTIVE: We compared the release of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) after endurance running in training-experience, biological-age and maturity-matched young male and female runners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen male (training history: 2.3 ± 1.0 years; mean age: 16...
December 8, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865641/canadian-cardiovascular-society-guidelines-on-perioperative-cardiac-risk-assessment-and-management-for-patients-who-undergo-noncardiac-surgery
#12
Emmanuelle Duceppe, Joel Parlow, Paul MacDonald, Kristin Lyons, Michael McMullen, Sadeesh Srinathan, Michelle Graham, Vikas Tandon, Kim Styles, Amal Bessissow, Daniel I Sessler, Gregory Bryson, P J Devereaux
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society Guidelines Committee and key Canadian opinion leaders believed there was a need for up to date guidelines that used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system of evidence assessment for patients who undergo noncardiac surgery. Strong recommendations included: 1) measuring brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) before surgery to enhance perioperative cardiac risk estimation in patients who are 65 years of age or older, are 45-64 years of age with significant cardiovascular disease, or have a Revised Cardiac Risk Index score ≥ 1; 2) against performing preoperative resting echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiography, exercise or cardiopulmonary exercise testing, or pharmacological stress echocardiography or radionuclide imaging to enhance perioperative cardiac risk estimation; 3) against the initiation or continuation of acetylsalicylic acid for the prevention of perioperative cardiac events, except in patients with a recent coronary artery stent or who will undergo carotid endarterectomy; 4) against α2 agonist or β-blocker initiation within 24 hours before surgery; 5) withholding angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin II receptor blocker starting 24 hours before surgery; 6) facilitating smoking cessation before surgery; 7) measuring daily troponin for 48 to 72 hours after surgery in patients with an elevated NT-proBNP/BNP measurement before surgery or if there is no NT-proBNP/BNP measurement before surgery, in those who have a Revised Cardiac Risk Index score ≥1, age 45-64 years with significant cardiovascular disease, or age 65 years or older; and 8) initiating of long-term acetylsalicylic acid and statin therapy in patients who suffer myocardial injury/infarction after surgery...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858257/maximal-oxygen-uptake-and-exercise-tolerance-are-improved-in-rats-with-heart-failure-subjected-to-low-level-laser-therapy-associated-with-resistance-training
#13
Vítor Scotta Hentschke, Lucas Capalonga, Douglas Dalcin Rossato, Júlia Luíza Perini, Jadson Pereira Alves, Giuseppe Potrick Stefani, Marlus Karsten, Mauro Pontes, Pedro Dal Lago
Exercise tolerance and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) are reduced in heart failure (HF). The influence of combined resistance training (RT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on exercise tolerance and VO2max in HF has not yet been explored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of combined RT and LLLT on VO2max and exercise tolerance in rats with HF induced by myocardial infarction (MI). Rats were allocated to sedentary sham (Sed-Sham, n = 12), sedentary heart failure (Sed-HF, n = 9), RT heart failure (RT-HF, n = 7) and RT associated with LLLT heart failure (RT + LLLT-HF, n = 7) groups...
January 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855953/increasing-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-from-20-to-70-a-road-map-from-the-million-hearts-cardiac-rehabilitation-collaborative
#14
REVIEW
Philip A Ades, Steven J Keteyian, Janet S Wright, Larry F Hamm, Karen Lui, Kimberly Newlin, Donald S Shepard, Randal J Thomas
The primary aim of the Million Hearts initiative is to prevent 1 million cardiovascular events over 5 years. Concordant with the Million Hearts' focus on achieving more than 70% performance in the "ABCS" of aspirin for those at risk, blood pressure control, cholesterol management, and smoking cessation, we outline the cardiovascular events that would be prevented and a road map to achieve more than 70% participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR)/secondary prevention programs by the year 2022. Cardiac rehabilitation is a class Ia recommendation of the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, promotes the ABCS along with lifestyle counseling and exercise, and is associated with decreased total mortality, cardiac mortality, and rehospitalizations...
November 14, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855640/long-term-secondary-prevention-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-sepat-guidelines-adherence-and-outcome
#15
Constantinos Ergatoudes, Erik Thunström, Annika Rosengren, Lena Björck, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Kristin Falk, Michael Fu
BACKGROUND: A number of registry studies have reported suboptimal adherence to guidelines for cardiovascular prevention during the first year after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, only a few studies have addressed long-term secondary prevention after AMI. This study evaluates prevention guideline adherence and outcome of guideline-directed secondary prevention in patients surviving 2 years after AMI. METHODS: Patients aged 18-85 years at the time of their index AMI were consecutively identified from hospital discharge records between July 2010 and December 2011 in Gothenburg, Sweden...
November 17, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847723/comparison-of-the-effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-between-obese-and-non-obese-patients-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#16
Seung-Kyu Lim, Jae-Young Han, Yu-Ri Choe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on functional capacity in obese and non-obese patients who have suffered acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Overall, 359 patients who have suffered AMI, and were referred for CR after percutaneous coronary intervention from 2010 to 2015 and underwent an exercise tolerance test before and after phase II CR were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups: obese group with body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m(2) (n=170; age, 54...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847152/endurance-exercise-induced-changes-in-bnp-concentrations-in-cardiovascular-patients-versus-healthy-controls
#17
Vincent L Aengevaeren, Maria T E Hopman, Dick H J Thijssen, Roland R van Kimmenade, Menko-Jan de Boer, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
BACKGROUND: Healthy athletes demonstrated increased B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations following exercise, but it is unknown whether these responses are exaggerated in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) or disease (CVD). We compared exercise-induced increases in BNP between healthy controls (CON) and individuals with CVRF or CVD. Furthermore, we aimed to identify predictors for BNP responses. METHODS: Serum BNP concentrations were measured in 191 participants (60±12yrs) of the Nijmegen Marches before (baseline) and immediately after 4 consecutive days of walking exercise (30-50km/day)...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823896/impact-of-exercise-training-associated-to-pyridostigmine-treatment-on-autonomic-function-and-inflammatory-profile-after-myocardial-infarction-in-rats
#18
Daniele J Feriani, Gabriel I H Souza, Nicolle M Carrozzi, Cristiano Mostarda, Paulo M M Dourado, Fernanda M Consolim-Colombo, Kátia De Angelis, Heitor Moreno, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen, Bruno Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: The effects of exercise training (ET) associated with pyridostigmine bromide (PYR) treatment on cardiac and autonomic function, as well as on inflammatory profile after myocardial infarction (MI), are unclear. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to: control (C); sedentary+infarcted (I); sedentary+infarcted treated with PYR (IP); infarcted submitted to aerobic exercise training (IT); and infarcted submitted to treatment with PYR and aerobic exercise training (ITP)...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823790/prognostic-value-of-the-increase-in-systolic-blood-pressure-with-exercise-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-known-or-suspected-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Carmen Bouzas-Mosquera, Alberto Bouzas-Mosquera, Jesús Peteiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The association of an exaggerated systolic blood pressure increase with exercise (EBPIE) with cardiovascular events remains controversial. Our aim was to determine the possible association of an EBPIE with survival and risk of serious cardiac events in patients with hypertension and known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study based on a sample of 5226 patients with a history of arterial hypertension and known or suspected CAD referred for exercise echocardiography...
January 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816341/stroke-prevention
#20
Clothilde Isabel, David Calvet, Jean-Louis Mas
Patients who have had a stroke are at high risk for recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and vascular death. Prevention of these events should be initiated promptly after stroke, because many recurrent events occur early, and should be tailored to the precise cause of stroke, which may require specific treatment. Lifestyle advice including abstinence from smoking, regular exercise, Mediterranean-style diet, and reduction of salt intake and alcohol consumption are recommended for all patients with stroke...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
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