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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332278/exposure-to-nanoscale-and-microscale-particulate-air-pollution-prior-to-mining-development-near-a-northern-indigenous-community-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#1
Avik J Ghoshdastidar, Zhenzhong Hu, Yevgen Nazarenko, Parisa A Ariya
This study serves as a baseline characterization of indoor and outdoor air quality in a remote northern indigenous community prior to the start of a major nearby mining operation, including measurements of nanoparticles, which has never been performed in this context before. We performed aerosol sample collection and real-time aerosol measurements at six different locations at the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi and the Montviel campsite, located 45 km west of the Cree First Nation of Waswanipi, in the south of the Nord-du-Québec region...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#2
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331823/pre-pregnancy-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-birth-outcomes-assessment-of-adolescent-background-characteristics-and-birth-outcomes-in-adulthood
#3
Stephen Nkansah-Amankra
PURPOSE: In the United States and other countries of the world , high prevalence of pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms and depression during pregnancy is an important public health concern, as they are associated with low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) outcomes in adulthood. However, the relationships among pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms, low birth weight, preterm birth outcomes and household characteristics have not been well established. METHODS: The study used data from 7120 adolescent female participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from Waves I (1994-1995 in-school interview), II (1996 as in-home), III (2001-2002 as in-home interview), IV (2008 as in-home interview) and Wave V is currently underway...
December 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331424/ultra-narrow-surface-lattice-resonances-in-plasmonic-metamaterial-arrays-for-biosensing-applications
#4
Artem Danilov, Gleb Tselikov, Fan Wu, Vasyl G Kravets, Igor Ozerov, Frederic Bedu, Alexander N Grigorenko, Andrei V Kabashin
When excited over a periodic metamaterial lattice of gold nanoparticles (~ 100nm), localized plasmon resonances (LPR) can be coupled by a diffraction wave propagating along the array plane, which leads to a drastic narrowing of plasmon resonance lineshapes (down to a few nm full-width-at-half-maximum) and the generation of singularities of phase of reflected light. These phenomena look very promising for the improvement of performance of plasmonic biosensors, but conditions of implementation of such diffractively coupled plasmonic resonances, also referred to as plasmonic surface lattice resonances (PSLR), are not always compatible with biosensing arrangement implying the placement of the nanoparticles between a glass substrate and a sample medium (air, water)...
December 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330995/depression-in-myocardial-infarction-patients-at-ayub-teaching-hospital-abbottabad
#5
Saeed Maqsood, Attiq Ur Rehman Jehangiri, Muhammad Nadeem Khan, Umar Hayat, Seemab Ajmal, Maryam Mushtaq, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Syed Fahad Shah, Hamid Nisar Khan
BACKGROUND: There is a considerably high prevalence of depression in post myocardial infarction (MI) patients. This study was designed with an aim to detect depression in patients with acute MI admitted to the CCU at Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad.. METHODS: This descriptive crosssectional study enrolled 246 male and female patients with acute MI. The patients were interviewed on the 3rd day of admission and their answers were marked according to the HADS-D scale...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330938/predictive-value-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-long-term-outcomes-of-left-main-and-or-three-vessel-disease-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Na Xu, Xiao-Fang Tang, Yi Yao, Xueyan- Zhao, Jue- Chen, Zhan- Gao, Yuejin- Yang, Run-Lin Gao, Bo Xu, Jin-Qing Yuan
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the independent predictive value of left main disease (LMD) and/or three-vessel disease (LMD/3VD) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome resulting from LMD and/or three-vessel disease (LMD/3VD) are at the highest risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed as a marker of cardiovascular risk, but the prognostic value of NLR in patients with LMD/3VD who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not clearly defined...
January 13, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330689/the-efficiency-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-in-the-diagnosis-and-staging-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#7
Harun Arslan, Alpaslan Yavuz, Ferda İlgen, Abdurrahman Aycan, Mesut Ozgokce, Hüseyin Akdeniz, Abdussamet Batur
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to quantify the stiffness of the median nerve (MN) at the carpal tunnel inlet by acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and to evaluate whether ARFI can be used in diagnosis and staging of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: Sonographic examinations of 96 wrists in 50 patients were included in the study. The cross-sectional area and stiffness of the MN were quantitatively measured by B-mode ultrasonography (USG) and ARFI...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330631/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-mapping-using-diffusion-weighted-mri-impact-of-background-parenchymal-enhancement-amount-of-fibroglandular-tissue-and-menopausal-status-on-breast-cancer-diagnosis
#8
Joao V Horvat, Manuela Durando, Soledad Milans, Sujata Patil, Jessica Massler, Girard Gibbons, Dilip Giri, Katja Pinker, Elizabeth A Morris, Sunitha B Thakur
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of background parenchymal enhancement (BPE), amount of fibroglandular tissue (FGT) and menopausal status on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in differentiation between malignant and benign lesions. METHODS: In this HIPAA-compliant study, mean ADC values of 218 malignant and 130 benign lesions from 288 patients were retrospectively evaluated. The differences in mean ADC values between benign and malignant lesions were calculated within groups stratified by BPE level (high/low), amount of FGT (dense/non-dense) and menopausal status (premenopausal/postmenopausal)...
January 12, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330395/predicting-failure-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-mobilization-before-it-starts-the-predicted-poor-mobilizer-ppm-score
#9
Jacopo Olivieri, Immacolata Attolico, Roberta Nuccorini, Sara Pasquina Pascale, Martina Chiarucci, Monica Poiani, Paolo Corradini, Lucia Farina, Gianluca Gaidano, Luca Nassi, Simona Sica, Nicola Piccirillo, Pietro Enrico Pioltelli, Massimo Martino, Tiziana Moscato, Massimo Pini, Francesco Zallio, Fabio Ciceri, Sarah Marktel, Andrea Mengarelli, Pellegrino Musto, Saveria Capria, Francesco Merli, Katia Codeluppi, Giuseppe Mele, Francesco Lanza, Giorgina Specchia, Domenico Pastore, Giuseppe Milone, Francesco Saraceni, Elvira Di Nardo, Paolo Perseghin, Attilio Olivieri
Predicting mobilization failure before it starts may enable patient-tailored strategies. Although consensus criteria for predicted PM (pPM) are available, their predictive performance has never been measured on real data. We retrospectively collected and analyzed 1318 mobilization procedures performed for MM and lymphoma patients in the plerixafor era. In our sample, 180/1318 (13.7%) were PM. The score resulting from published pPM criteria had sufficient performance for predicting PM, as measured by AUC (0...
January 12, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330032/a-free-sugars-daily-value-dv-identifies-more-less-healthy-prepackaged-foods-and-beverages-than-a-total-sugars-dv
#10
Jodi T Bernstein, Marie-Ève Labonté, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Alyssa Schermel, Mary R L'Abbé
Regulatory changes in Canada will require food labels to have a benchmark [% Daily Value, %DV] for total sugars, based on 100 g/day, while US labels will require a %DV for added sugars, based on 50 g/day. The objective of this study was to compare two labelling policies, a total sugars DV (100 g/day) and a free sugars DV (50 g/day) on food labels. This cross-sectional analysis of the Food Label Information Program database focussed on top sources of total sugars intake in Canada (n = 6924 foods)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327710/genome-profiling-is-an-efficient-tool-to-avoid-the-stump-classification-of-uterine-smooth-muscle-lesions-a-comprehensive-array-genomic-hybridization-analysis-of-77-tumors
#11
Sabrina Croce, Agnès Ducoulombier, Agnès Ribeiro, Tom Lesluyes, Jean-Christophe Noel, Frédéric Amant, Louis Guillou, Eberhard Stoeckle, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Nicolas Penel, Anne Floquet, Laurent Arnould, Frédéric Guyon, Florence Mishellany, Camille Chakiba, Tine Cuppens, Michal Zikan, Agnès Leroux, Eric Frouin, Isabelle Farre, Catherine Genestie, Isabelle Valo, Gaëtan MacGrogan, Frédéric Chibon
The diagnosis of a uterine smooth muscle lesion is, in the majority of cases, straightforward. However, in a small number of cases, the morphological criteria used in such lesions cannot differentiate with certainty a benign from a malignant lesion and a diagnosis of smooth muscle tumor with uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) is made. Uterine leiomyosarcomas are often easy to diagnose but it is difficult or even impossible to identify a prognostic factor at the moment of the diagnosis with the exception of the stage...
January 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327345/serum-lipoprotein-a-predicts-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-with-severe-carotid-stenosis
#12
Fabio Rigamonti, Federico Carbone, Fabrizio Montecucco, Aldo Bonaventura, Luca Liberale, Fabienne Burger, Aline Roth, Maria Bertolotto, Giovanni Spinella, Bianca Pane, Domenico Palombo, Aldo Pende, Franco Dallegri, François Mach, Stefano Bertolini, Livia Pisciotta
Different cut-off values of serum lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] were recently identified in order to better stratify cardiovascular risk categories. Both pathophysiological and prognostic values of Lp(a) remain unclear. Here, the prognostic value of Lp(a) and its correlation with intraplaque features were assessed in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis undergoing endarterectomy (n=180). The cut-off value of 10 mg/dL for serum Lp(a) was selected to predict 24-month follow-up acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In addition, the association between serum Lp(a) and intraplaque lipids, collagen, inflammatory and vascular cells was assessed...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327321/preliminary-psychometric-testing-of-the-postpartum-depression-predictors-inventory-revised-pdpi-r-in-portuguese-women
#13
Stephanie Alves, Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
Introduction Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent condition with a serious impact. The early identification of women at risk for developing PPD allows for primary prevention and the delivery of timely appropriate referrals. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the postnatal version of the Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory-Revised (PDPI-R), an instrument widely studied internationally, in Portuguese women. Methods The sample consisted of 204 women who participated in an online cross-sectional survey...
January 11, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327150/levels-of-serum-uric-acid-at-admission-for-hypoglycaemia-predict-1-year-mortality
#14
Aldo Bonaventura, Fiorenza Gallo, Federico Carbone, Luca Liberale, Davide Maggi, Giovanni Sacchi, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco, Renzo Cordera
AIMS: Hypoglycaemia represents a critical burden with clinical and social consequences in the management of diabetes. Serum uric acid (SUA) has been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but no conclusive findings are available nowadays in patients suffering from hypoglycaemia. We investigated whether SUA levels at the time of hypoglycaemia could predict all-cause mortality after 1-year follow-up. METHODS: In total, 219 patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) of Ospedale Policlinico S...
January 11, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326761/prevalence-rate-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-of-school-based-screening-in-surabaya-indonesia
#15
I S Komang-Agung, S B Dwi-Purnomo, A Susilowati
Introduction: Scoliosis is a lateral spinal deformity of 10 degrees or more, resulting in a C-shaped or S-shaped curve of the spine. Information about adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) prevalence rate is important not only for paediatric health care planning strategy but also for parent's awareness. This study aims to find the suitable inclination cut-off angle and the prevalence rate of AIS in Surabaya, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2010. We performed stratified random sampling of 784 Elementary and Junior High School students in Surabaya between 9-16 years of age...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325846/hospital-outcome-and-risk-indices-of-mortality-in-potential-candidates-for-transcatheter-procedures-results-from-a-european-registry
#16
Francesco Onorati, Giovanni Mariscalco, Daniel Reichart, Andrea Perrotti, Giuseppe Gatti, Marisa De Feo, Antonio Rubino, Giuseppe Santarpino, Fausto Biancari, Christian Detter, Francesco Santini, Giuseppe Faggian
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve/valve-in-ring procedures (TM-VIVoR) are increasing. The authors aimed to identify independent predictors for hospital mortality in redo mitral valve surgery as possible future selection criteria for TM-VIVoR. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter registry. SETTING: Tertiary university and community hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred and sixty patients (out of 920 enrolled) who are potentially candidates for TM-VIVoR undergoing redo-surgery...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325595/mortality-impact-of-an-increased-blood-glucose-cut-off-level-for-hypoglycaemia-treatment-in-severely-sick-children-in-malawi-sugarfact-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Tim Baker, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Mortality in children remains high in sub-Saharan African hospitals. While antimalarial drugs, antibiotics and other definitive treatments are well understood, the role of emergency care with supportive therapies, such as maintaining normal glucose and electrolyte balances, has been given limited attention. Hypoglycaemia is common in children admitted to hospital in low-income settings. The current definition of hypoglycaemia is a blood glucose level < 2.5 mmol/L in a well-nourished child...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325323/-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-peripheral-blood-and-body-mass-index-novel-independent-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-melanoma
#18
Y L Qi, Y Zhang, L D Zhao, A X Wang, Z B Wang, Q L Gao
Objective: To investigate whether platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in peripheral blood and body mass index (BMI) can be independent prognostic factors in patients with melanoma. Methods: Clinical date of 140 patients with melanoma in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Henan Cancer Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015 were analyzed retrospectively.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed the optimal cut-off value for PLR.The 140 patients were divided into high PLR group and low PLR group...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325287/-the-diagnostic-value-and-limits-of-diagnostic-parameters-for-wilson-s-disease
#19
X Yang
Wilson disease (WD) is a rare and treatable genetic disorder. This paper describes the new advances and author's long-term experiences in the diagnosis of WD. The characteristics in clinical and routine tests are: the age of presentation can be quite broad, the WD could not be excluded based on age only; the patients usually have mild digestive symptoms but obvious chronic liver disease signs; liver function tests may reveal normal or a mild elevation in bilirubin, ALT and AST, but quite abnormal in serum albumin and prothrombin time in most patients; Coombs-negative hemolytic anemia, normal or markedly subnormal serum alkaline phosphatase (typically < 40 IU/L) are useful for the diagnosis of fulminant WD...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325281/-value-of-hydrogen-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-the-determination-of-liver-triglyceride-in-patients-with-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-influencing-factors
#20
H J Qu, L Wang, P H Jin, Q Gao, J X Zhou, Y Song, J Wang, Y M Jiang, L Gong, G Y Chen, J P Ding, J P Shi
Objective: To investigate the value of 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in determining the content of liver triglyceride in patients with fatty liver disease (FLD), as well as its influencing factors. Methods: A total of 124 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), chronic hepatitis B (CHB), or hepatitis B complicated by FLD who underwent liver biopsy in the Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University were enrolled, and the clinical data, serological markers, FibroScan results, and (1)H-MRS results were collected...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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