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Cardio, cardiac, diabetes ,dm

Kelly Lum-Naihe, Ryan Toedebusch, Abuzar Mahmood, Jamal Bajwa, Terry Carmack, Senthil A Kumar, Sivakumar Ardhanari, Vincent G DeMarco, Craig A Emter, Lakshmi Pulakat
Population studies have shown that compared to diabetic men, diabetic women are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms underlying this gender disparity are unclear. Our studies in young murine models of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease show that diabetic male rats develop increased cardiac fibrosis and suppression of intracardiac anti-fibrotic cytokines, while premenopausal diabetic female rats do not. This protection from cardiac fibrosis in female rats can be an estrogen-related effect...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Pei-Chen Huang, Guei-Jane Wang, Ming-Jen Fan, Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Yin-Tso Liu, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Yi-Lin Lin, Chao-Hung Lai, Yu-Feng Chen, Hung-En Liao, Chih-Yang Huang
Anthocyanins are known cyto-protective agents against various stress conditions. In this study cardio-protective effect of anthocyanins from black rice against diabetic mellitus (DM) was evaluated using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM rat model. Five-week-old male Wistar rats were administered with STZ (55 mg kg(-1) , IP) to induce DM; rats in the treatment group received 250 mg oral anthocyanin/kg/day during the 4-week treatment period. DM and the control rats received normal saline through oral gavage...
August 30, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
Aleksandra Vranic, Stefan Simovic, Petar Ristic, Tamara Nikolic, Isidora Stojic, Ivan Srejovic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Dusan Djuric
Currently, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of global mortality, while diabetes mellitus remains an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity. A recent study showed that patients with diabetes mellitus treated with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists have improved coronary microvascular function, leading to improved diastolic dysfunction. In this study, we evaluated the influence of acute administration of spironolactone on myocardial function in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus, with special emphasis on cardiodynamic parameters in diabetic rat hearts...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Sahil Gupta, Rajeev Kumar Gupta, Malini Kulshrestha, Rajib Ratna Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the most common chronic disease. DM is considered a Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk equivalent. Its macrovascular complications are associated with two-fold increased risk of premature atherosclerotic CVD. Most of the diabetics with cardiovascular involvement are asymptomatic. Electro Cardio Graph (ECG) abnormalities are found to be predictors of silent ischaemia in asymptomatic persons. An abnormal ECG response is associated with statistically significant high risk for cardiac mortality and morbidity...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mahdi Najafi, Leila Jahangiry, Seyedeh Hamideh Mortazavi, Arash Jalali, Abbasali Karimi, Ali Bozorgi
AIM: To study survival in isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients and to evaluate the impact of preoperative chronic opium consumption on long-term outcome. METHODS: Cohort of 566 isolated CABG patients as Tehran Heart Center cardiac output measurement was conducted. Daily evaluation until discharge as well as 4- and 12-mo and 6.5-year follow-up information for survival status were fulfilled for all patients. Long-term 6.5-year overall and opium-stratified survival, adjusted survival curves based on opium consumption as well as possible predictors of all-cause mortality using multiple cox regression were determined by statistical analysis...
November 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Masataka Kajiwara, Atsushi Tanaka, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Koichi Nakao, Tomohiro Sakamoto, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Nobuhiko Koga, Koichi Node
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide 1 analogs are expected to exert a cardio-protective action due to their effective glucose-lowering action and favorable potency on multifactorial metabolic pathways. However, the safety and tolerability of liraglutide treatment after a recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have yet to be fully established. METHODS: A total of eight T2DM patients were recruited within 2 weeks after the onset of a ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) followed by successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiology
Niloy Bhattacharjee, Ritu Khanra, Tarun K Dua, Susmita Das, Bratati De, M Zia-Ul-Haq, Vincenzo De Feo, Saikat Dewanjee
BACKGROUND: Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. & Schult. F. (Family: Asparagaceae) rhizome has been claimed to possess antidiabetic activity in the ethno-medicinal literature in India. Therefore, present experiments were carried out to explore the protective role of edible (aqueous) extract of S. roxburghiana rhizome (SR) against experimentally induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated cardiomyopathy in Wistar rats. METHODS: SR was chemically characterized by GC-MS analysis...
2016: PloS One
Edith Pituskin, Mark Haykowsky, Margaret McNeely, John Mackey, Neil Chua, Ian Paterson
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the leading cause of premature death in Canada. In the last decade, important gains in cancer survival have been achieved by advances in adjuvant treatment. However, many oncologic treatments also result in cardiovascular "toxicity". Furthermore, cardiac risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus are known to contribute to the progression of cardiac damage and clinical cardiotoxicity. As such, for many survivors, the risk of death from cardiac disease exceeds that of recurrent cancer...
September 15, 2016: BMC Cancer
Yusuke Kobayashi, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Hideo Kobayashi, Koichiro Sumida, Shota Suzuki, Minako Kagimoto, Yuki Okuyama, Yosuke Ehara, Mari Katsumata, Megumi Fujita, Akira Fujiwara, Sanae Saka, Keisuke Yatsu, Tatsuo Hashimoto, Tadashi Kuji, Nobuhito Hirawa, Yoshiyuki Toya, Gen Yasuda, Satoshi Umemura
AIM: Patients with orthostatic hypotension (OH) have high arterial stiffness. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) often have cardiac autonomic neuropathy that leads to OH; however, whether OH is an indicator of arterial stiffness progression is unclear. We aimed to investigate whether the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) varies between DM patients with and without OH using the sit-to-stand test (STST). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-nine patients with DM underwent CAVI assessment and blood pressure (BP) and heart rate change evaluation during the STST...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Jagdeep S S Singh, Amir Fathi, Keeran Vickneson, Ify Mordi, Mohapradeep Mohan, J Graeme Houston, Ewan R Pearson, Allan D Struthers, Chim C Lang
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and diabetes (DM) are a lethal combination. The current armamentarium of anti-diabetic agents has been shown to be less efficacious and sometimes even harmful in diabetic patients with concomitant cardiovascular disease, especially HF. Sodium glucose linked co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of anti-diabetic agent that has shown potentially beneficial cardiovascular effects such as pre-load and after load reduction through osmotic diuresis, blood pressure reduction, reduced arterial stiffness and weight loss...
July 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Shreesh Ojha, Amani Kurdi, Bassem Sadek, M Kaleem, Lu Cai, M A Kamal, Mohanraj Rajesh
Globally diabetes mellitus (DM) is swiftly reaching epidemic proportions and impose major health care and socio-economic challenges that are associated with its complications. DM is considered as the major risk factor for the development of debilitating micro & macro vascular complications. Clinical studies have revealed that development of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) in subjects with diabetes can occur both- dependent and independent of pre-existing increased risk factors such as poor glycemic control, hyperlipidemia, and or hypertension...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Keqiang Zhao, Weiwei Wu, Junlai Zhao, Zhanjiang Cao, Yu Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative complications and effectiveness of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: A total of 148 patients with carotid stenosis undergone CEA from December 2010 to December 2013 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The patients were distributed into DM group (n=83) and the control group (n=65) according to the comorbidities. Age, gender, risk factors, stenosis degree, cerebral ischemic symptom, shunt in operation, perioperative complications and restenosis after one year in the two groups were analyzed and compared...
November 24, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Andreas Petropoulos, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Peter Fritsch, Eero Jokinen, Robert Dalla Pozza, Renate Oberhoffer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of cardiac disease in childhood is unknown. It will be a sum of 1% of living births in the general population, suffering from Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) + approximately 2.5% of the general population suffering from bicuspid aortic valve diseases + an unknown higher prevalence of acquired diseases. Cardiomyopathies, arrhythmias - sudden cardiac death (SCD), rheumatic heard disease, hypertension and accelerating atherosclerosis are among the most frequent. Adding on, genetic syndromes including cardiac defects, endocarditis and myocarditis we can address a large pediatric population worldwide, suffering from heart disease...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Ludovit Paulis, Sébastien Foulquier, Pawel Namsolleck, Chiara Recarti, Ulrike Muscha Steckelings, Thomas Unger
Cardiovascular and metabolic disorders, such as hypertension, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia or obesity are linked with chronic low-grade inflammation and dysregulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Consequently, RAS inhibition by ACE inhibitors or angiotensin AT1 receptor (AT1R) blockers is the evidence-based standard for cardiovascular risk reduction in high-risk patients, including diabetics with albuminuria. In addition, RAS inhibition reduces the new onset of diabetes mellitus. Yet, the high and increasing prevalence of metabolic disorders, and the high residual risk even in properly treated patients, calls for additional means of pharmacological intervention...
January 2016: Drugs
Kohji Shirai, Atsuhito Saiki, Daiji Nagayama, Ichiro Tatsuno, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Mao Takahashi
Arteriosclerosis is a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases. One of the difficulties in controlling those diseases is the lack of a suitable indicator of arteriosclerosis or arterial injury in routine clinical practice. Arterial stiffness was supposed to be one of the monitoring indexes of arteriosclerosis. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting the stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of the aorta to the ankle, and one of the features of CAVI is independency from blood pressure at a measuring time...
September 2015: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
Takeshi Shimizu, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Yuki Kanno, Mai Takiguchi, Akihiko Sato, Shunsuke Miura, Yuichi Nakamura, Hiroyuki Yamauchi, Takashi Owada, Satoshi Abe, Takamasa Sato, Satoshi Suzuki, Masayoshi Oikawa, Takayoshi Yamaki, Koichi Sugimoto, Hiroyuki Kunii, Kazuhiko Nakazato, Hitoshi Suzuki, Shu-ichi Saitoh, Yasuchika Takeishi
Serum uric acid is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, the impact of uric acid on heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association between hyperuricemia and mortality in HFpEF patients. Consecutive 424 patients, who were admitted to our hospital for decompensated heart failure and diagnosed as having HFpEF, were divided into two groups based on presence of hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ≥7 mg/dl or taking antihyperuricemic agents)...
October 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Li-Qun Chi, Jian-Qun Zhang, Qing-Yu Kong, Wei Xiao, Lin Liang, Xin-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: It is still a challenge for the cardiac surgeons to achieve adequate revascularization for diffused coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary endarterectomy (CE) offers an alternative choice of coronary artery reconstruction and revascularization. In this study, short-term result of CE combined with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was discussed in the treatment for the diffused CAD. METHODS: From January 2012 to April 2014, 221 cases of CABG were performed by the same surgeon in our unit...
June 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
Manuel Ángel Gómez-Marcos, José Ignacio Recio-Rodríguez, María Carmen Patino-Alonso, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Leticia Gómez-Sánchez, Marta Gomez-Sanchez, Emiliano Rodríguez-Sanchez, Jose Angel Maderuelo-Fernandez, Luís García-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: The cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a new index of the overall stiffness of the artery from the origin of the aorta to the ankle. This index can estimate the risk of atherosclerosis. We aimed to find the relationship between CAVI and target organ damage (TOD), vascular structure and function, and cardiovascular risk factors in Caucasian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus or metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We included 110 subjects from the LOD-Diabetes study, whose mean age was 61 ± 11 years, and 37...
January 16, 2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
C L Schlett, R C Bertheau, H-U Kauczor, S Weckbach
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Despite an increased cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes mellitus they are a heterogeneous population with very different individual manifestation of diseases; therefore, a profound stratification is recommended. STANDARD METHODS: Clinical examinations and blood biomarkers are typically used in diabetic patients to determine the risk for developing cardio-cerebrovascular events. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Cardiac as well as whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including cardiovascular sequences are established methods for clinical diagnostics...
April 2015: Der Radiologe
Ritu Khanra, Saikat Dewanjee, Tarun K Dua, Ranabir Sahu, Moumita Gangopadhyay, Vincenzo De Feo, Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq
BACKGROUND: Abroma augusta L. (Malvaceae) leaf is traditionally used to treat diabetes in India and Southern Asia. Therefore, current study was performed to evaluate the protective effect of defatted methanol extract of A. augusta leaves (AA) against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated nephropathy and cardiomyopathy in experimental rats. METHODS: Antidiabetic activity of AA extracts (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was measured in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic (T2D) rat...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
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