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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214178/validation-of-the-university-of-washington-quality-of-life-chinese-version-uwqol-c-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-in-taiwan
#1
Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yeur-Hur Lai, Bevan Yueh, Pen-Yuan Chu, Yen-Ju Chen, Shu-Ching Chen, Cheng-Ping Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purposes of this three-phase study were to: (1) translate and evaluate the burden, content, and face validity of the Chinese version of the University of Washington Quality of Life Scale, version 4 (UWQOL-v4-C); and (2) examine the psychometric properties of the UWQOL-v4-C in oral cancer and laryngeal cancer patients in Taiwan. METHODS: This instrument translation and validation study was part of a major research project. The first phase of this study developed and validated the content of the UWQOL-v4-C...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212590/the-july-effect-on-maternal-peripartum-complications-before-and-after-resident-duty-hour-reform-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Ithan D Peltan, Crystal E Brown, Alson K Burke, Eric J Chow, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Matthew R Crull
Objective To compare maternal birth complications early versus late in the academic year and to evaluate the impact of resident work hour limitation on the "July effect." Study Design We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of 628,414 singleton births in Washington State from 1987 to 2012 measuring the adjusted risk of maternal peripartum complications early (July/August) versus late (April/May) in the academic year. To control for seasonal outcome variation unrelated to trainees' involvement in care as well as long-term trends in maternal complications unrelated to variation in trainees' effect on outcomes across the academic year, we employed difference-in-differences methods contrasting outcomes at teaching to nonteaching hospitals for deliveries before and after restriction of resident work hours in July 2003...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209840/genome-sequences-of-three-novel-bunyaviruses-two-novel-rhabdoviruses-and-one-novel-nyamivirus-from-washington-state-moths
#3
Negar Makhsous, Ryan C Shean, David Droppers, Jonathan Guan, Keith R Jerome, Alexander L Greninger
We report draft genome sequences of three novel bunyaviruses, two novel rhabdoviruses, and one novel nyamivirus identified metagenomically from 10 moths in Washington state.
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208159/two-previously-unknown-phytophthora-species-associated-with-brown-rot-of-pomelo-citrus-grandis-fruits-in-vietnam
#4
Ivana Puglisi, Alessandro De Patrizio, Leonardo Schena, Thomas Jung, Maria Evoli, Antonella Pane, Nguyen Van Hoa, Mai Van Tri, Sandra Wright, Mauritz Ramstedt, Christer Olsson, Roberto Faedda, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Santa Olga Cacciola
Two distinct Phytophthora taxa were found to be associated with brown rot of pomelo (Citrus grandis), a new disease of this ancestral Citrus species, in the Vinh Long province, Mekong River Delta area, southern Vietnam. On the basis of morphological characters and using the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of the rDNA and the cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) as barcode genes, one of the two taxa was provisionally named as Phytophthora sp. prodigiosa, being closely related to but distinct from P. insolita, a species in Phytophthora Clade 9, while the other one, was closely related to but distinct from the Clade 2 species P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208119/hiv-prevention-opportunities-and-challenges
#5
Jeanne M Marrazzo
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based regimens has been shown to be effective in preventing acquisition of HIV infection, with protective efficacy being dependent on adherence to treatment. Data from the PROUD (Preexposure Option for Reducing HIV in the UK) and IPERGAY (Action to Prevent Risk Exposure By and For Gay Men) studies, the later of which employed event-driven PrEP, showed a high rate of protective efficacy of PrEP with TDF and emtricitabine among men who have sex with men...
December 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205046/reproductive-factors-and-risk-of-colorectal-polyps-in-a-colonoscopy-based-study-in-western-washington-state
#6
Sheetal Hardikar, Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Jessica Chubak, Melissa P Upton, Lee-Ching Zhu, John D Potter, Polly A Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Oral contraceptives (OC) are associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancers; however, a recent study reported an increased risk of small colorectal adenomas associated with OC use. To determine if these results were replicable in a different study population, we investigated the relationship between OC use and other reproductive factors and risk of colorectal polyps in a case-control study in western Washington. METHODS: Study participants were 24-79-year-old female enrollees at an integrated health care system in western Washington who were diagnosed as having adenomas (n = 299), serrated polyps (n = 337), both types of polyps (n = 105) or as polyp-free controls (n = 615) through an index colonoscopy and completed a structured interview to collect reproductive history information...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205022/understanding-breast-cancer-survivors-beliefs-and-concerns-about-adjuvant-hormonal-therapy-promoting-adherence
#7
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Roxanne E Jensen, Yvonne Jennings, Vanessa B Sheppard
Adjuvant hormonal therapy is recommended for women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Though critical, many patients are non-adherent to this therapy. Few scales have been developed to specifically address beliefs about adjuvant hormonal therapy. This study explores the clarity and relevance of the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ) in the context of adherence behaviors to hormonal therapy in Black and White breast cancer survivors. We recruited women diagnosed with HR-positive cancer from the Washington, DC, area...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203512/unusual-volar-pulp-location-of-glomus-tumor
#8
Ian A Rosner, Anne E Argenta, Kia M Washington
Glomus tumors are benign, painful growths originating from glomus bodies and comprise just 1% of tumors arising in the hand, with fewer than 10% in the volar pulp of digits. Hallmark symptoms of glomus tumors include hypersensitivity to cold, heightened pinprick sensitivity, and paroxysmal pain. We report a 72-year-old, right-hand dominant man who presented with pain in the left middle finger, localized to the tip. The fingertip was incredibly sensitive to touch, and his pain increased at night. He reported no recollection of trauma...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203145/bidirectional-hebbian-plasticity-induced-by-low-frequency-stimulation-in-basal-dendrites-of-rat-barrel-cortex-layer-5-pyramidal-neurons
#9
Andrea Díez-García, Natali Barros-Zulaica, Ángel Núñez, Washington Buño, David Fernández de Sevilla
According to Hebb's original hypothesis (Hebb, 1949), synapses are reinforced when presynaptic activity triggers postsynaptic firing, resulting in long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic efficacy. Long-term depression (LTD) is a use-dependent decrease in synaptic strength that is thought to be due to synaptic input causing a weak postsynaptic effect. Although the mechanisms that mediate long-term synaptic plasticity have been investigated for at least three decades not all question have as yet been answered...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202384/implementing-take-home-naloxone-in-an-urban-community-pharmacy
#10
Joshua L Akers, Ryan N Hansen, Ryan D Oftebro
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and mortality associated with opioid use have increased across the nation, growing into what can only be described as an epidemic. SETTING: In Washington State between 2002 and 2004, the statewide death rate attributed to any opioid was 6.6 per 100,000 people, but between 2011 and 2013 it increased to 8.6 per 100,000 people. Pharmacies provide a unique access point for harm reduction services to patients due to their ease of accessibility in the community...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202100/low-income-adults-perceptions-of-farmers-markets-and-community-supported-agriculture-programmes
#11
Elizabeth W Cotter, Carla Teixeira, Annessa Bontrager, Kasharena Horton, Deyanira Soriano
OBJECTIVE: To better understand low-income adults' attitudes towards participating in farmers' markets, community-supported agriculture (CSA) and nutrition education programming. DESIGN: Focus groups were held with a diverse sample of adults. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: Three affordable housing communities in Washington, DC, USA. SUBJECTS: Participants included twenty-eight residents of the three affordable housing communities...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196510/partial-hiv-c2v3-envelope-sequence-analysis-reveals-association-of-coreceptor-tropism-envelope-glycosylation-and-viral-genotypic-variability-among-kenyan-patients-on-haart
#12
Rose C Kitawi, Carol W Hunja, Rashid Aman, Bernhards R Ogutu, Anne W T Muigai, Gilbert O Kokwaro, Washingtone Ochieng
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 is highly variable genetically and at protein level, a property it uses to subvert antiviral immunity and treatment. The aim of this study was to assess if HIV subtype differences were associated with variations in glycosylation patterns and co-receptor tropism among HAART patients experiencing different virologic treatment outcomes. METHODS: A total of 118 HIV env C2V3 sequence isolates generated previously from 59 Kenyan patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were examined for tropism and glycosylation patterns...
February 14, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196479/treatment-completion-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study-comparing-9%C3%A2-months-of-isoniazid-4%C3%A2-months-of-rifampin-and-3%C3%A2-months-of-isoniazid-and-rifapentine
#13
Adelaide H McClintock, McKenna Eastment, Christy M McKinney, Caroline L Pitney, Masahiro Narita, David R Park, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Alexandra Molnar
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended a new regimen for treatment of latent tuberculosis (three months of weekly isoniazid and rifapentine) in late 2011. While completion rates of this regimen were reported to be higher than nine months of isoniazid, little is known about the completion rates of three months of isoniazid and rifapentine compared to nine months of isoniazid or four months of rifampin in actual use scenarios. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing treatment completion for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection in patients treated with nine months of isoniazid, three months of isoniazid and rifapentine or four months of rifampin in outpatient clinics and a public health TB clinic in Seattle, Washington...
February 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193794/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-related-motor-vehicle-crash-fatalities-among-young-people-in-the-us
#14
Scott E Hadland, Ziming Xuan, Vishnudas Sarda, Jason Blanchette, Monica H Swahn, Timothy C Heeren, Robert B Voas, Timothy S Naimi
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a leading cause of death among young people in the United States. We examined the relationship between states' alcohol policy environments and alcohol-related MVC fatalities among children, adolescents, and young adults under the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years. METHODS: We used the Alcohol Policy Scale (APS), an assessment of 29 alcohol policies across 50 states and Washington, DC, developed with the assistance of an interdisciplinary Delphi panel...
February 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193321/acute-rehabilitation-after-trauma-does-it-really-matter
#15
Deepika Nehra, Zeynep A Nixon, Claudia Lengenfelder, Eileen M Bulger, Joseph Cuschieri, Ronald V Maier, Saman Arbabi
BACKGROUND: The impact of post-discharge rehabilitation care for the trauma patient remains poorly investigated. Here we describe the functional outcomes of trauma patients discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), and compare the likelihood of discharge home, 1-year rehospitalization, and 1-year mortality between patients discharged to an IRF and a propensity score-matched cohort of patients not discharged to an IRF. STUDY DESIGN: The Washington State Rehabilitation Registry was used to collect data for all trauma patients discharged to an IRF between 2011 and 2012...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193105/a-qualitative-analysis-of-information-sharing-in-hospice-interdisciplinary-group-meetings
#16
Karla T Washington, George Demiris, Debra Parker Oliver, Jeffrey A Swarz, Alexandria M Lewis, Uba Backonja
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hospice agencies are required to convene interdisciplinary group (IDG) meetings no less frequently than every 15 days to review patients' care plans. Challenges associated with information sharing during these meetings can impede efficiency and frustrate attendees. OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine information sharing in the context of hospice IDG meetings as a first step toward developing an informatics tool to support interdisciplinary collaboration in this setting...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192764/adolescent-depressive-symptoms-in-india-australia-and-usa-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-of-cross-national-invariance-and-predictions-by-gender-and-age
#17
Andrew J Lewis, Bosco Rowland, Aiden Tran, Renatti F Solomon, George C Patton, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou
BACKGROUND: The present study compares depressive symptoms in adolescents from three countries: Mumbai, India; Seattle, United States; and Melbourne, Australia measured using the Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ). The study cross nationally compares SMFQ depressive symptom responses by age and gender. METHODS: Data from a cross-nationally matched survey were used to compare factorial and measurement characteristics from samples of students from Grade 7 and 9 in Mumbai, India (n=3268) with the equivalent cohorts in the Washington State, USA (n=1907) and Victoria, Australia (n=1900)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192069/trauma-informed-treatment-and-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violenceby-casey-t-taft-christopher-m-murphy-and-suzannah-k-creech-washington-dc-american-psychological-association-2016-268-pages-69-95-hardcover
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191786/quantifying-the-potential-pathways-and-locations-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-entry-into-the-united-states
#19
A J Golnar, R C Kading, G L Hamer
The global invasion of West Nile virus, chikungunya virus and Zika virus in the past two decades suggests an increasing rate of mosquito-borne virus (arbovirus) dispersal. Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an arbovirus identified as a high-consequence threat to the United States (USA) because of the severe economic and health consequences associated with disease. Numerous studies demonstrate that the USA is receptive to RVFV transmission based on the widespread presence of competent mosquito species and vertebrate species...
February 12, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191601/the-maxillary-artery-and-its-variants-an-anatomical-study-with-neurosurgical-applications
#20
Jorge E Alvernia, Joaquin Hidalgo, Marc P Sindou, Chad Washington, Gustavo Luzardo, Eddie Perkins, Remi Nader, Patrick Mertens
BACKGROUND: The maxillary artery (MA) has gained attention in neurosurgery particularly in cerebral revascularization techniques, intracranial endonasal approaches and endovascular procedures. OBJECTIVES: To describe and illustrate the anatomy of the MA and its neurosurgical importance in a detailed manner. METHODS: Six cadaveric heads (12 MAs) were injected with latex. The arteries and surrounding structures were dissected and studied using microsurgical techniques...
February 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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