keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Washington

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#1
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243328/why-conservation-scientists-should-re-embrace-their-ecocentric-roots
#2
John J Piccolo, Haydn Washington, Helen Kopnina, Bron Taylor
In this Diversity article we take a closer look at the explicit ecocentric roots of conservation biology, and we note that a growing number of conservationists have recently voiced support for ecocentric natural value. We argue that although ecosystem services arguments may play an important role in stemming our biodiversity crisis, a true transformation of our relationship with nature ought to be based in part on ecocentric valuation; conservation biologists ought to continue to play a role in leading such a transformation...
December 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241428/state-targeted-funding-and-technical-assistance-to-increase-access-to-medication-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder
#3
Amanda J Abraham, Christina M Andrews, Colleen M Grogan, Harold A Pollack, Thomas D'Aunno, Keith Humphreys, Peter D Friedmann
OBJECTIVE: As the United States grapples with an opioid epidemic, expanding access to effective treatment for opioid use disorder is a major public health priority. Identifying effective policy tools that can be used to expand access to care is critically important. This article examines the relationship between state-targeted funding and technical assistance and adoption of three medications for treating opioid use disorder: oral naltrexone, injectable naltrexone, and buprenorphine. METHODS: This study draws from the 2013-2014 wave of the National Drug Abuse Treatment System Survey, a nationally representative, longitudinal study of substance use disorder treatment programs...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240864/patient-awareness-of-local-drug-price-variation-and-the-factors-that-influence-pharmacy-choice-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#4
Spencer D Brodsky, Olabola D Awosika, Misty G Eleryan, Monica Rengifo-Pardo, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Alison Ehrlich
<p>Background: High out-of-pocket drug expenditures are increasingly common in dermatology. Patients may not be aware that prices vary among pharmacies and consequently may not shop for the lowest cost.</p> <p>Objective: To determine what factors influence pharmacy choice and the effect of providing local prescription prices on pharmacy selection. We hypothesized that patients do not "shop around" due to lack of knowledge of price variation and would choose a pharmacy based on costs if educated on price disparity...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236573/massachusetts-proposed-medicaid-reforms-cheaper-drugs-and-better-coverage
#5
Benjamin D Sommers, Aaron S Kesselheim
While health policy attention in recent months has focused on Washington, D.C. several proposals from individual states have garnered less publicity despite their potentially far-reaching implications. One such proposal comes from Massachusetts, which has applied for a waiver from federal rules in..
December 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234709/repeating-platinum-bevacizumab-in-recurrent-or-progressive-cervical-cancer-yields-marginal-survival-benefits
#6
Abigail S Zamorano, Leping Wan, Matthew A Powell, L Stewart Massad
Our objective was to assess overall survival of cervical cancer patients following prior platinum/bevacizumab chemotherapy, comparing retreatment with platinum/bevacizumab with alternative therapies. A retrospective analysis was performed of women who received platinum/bevacizumab (PB) chemotherapy for cervical cancer at Washington University between July 1, 2005 and December 31, 2015. Wilcoxon rank-sum exact test and Fisher's exact test were used to compare the treatment groups, and Kaplan Meier curves were generated...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233937/provider-perspectives-on-use-of-medical-marijuana-in-children-with-cancer
#7
Prasanna Ananth, Clement Ma, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Leah Kroon, Victoria Klein, Claire Wharton, Elise Hallez, Ilana Braun, Kelly Michelson, Abby R Rosenberg, Wendy London, Joanne Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Although medical marijuana (MM) may have utility in the supportive care of children with serious illness, it remains controversial. We investigated interdisciplinary provider perspectives on legal MM use in children with cancer. METHODS: We sent a 32-item, cross-sectional survey to 654 pediatric oncology providers in Illinois, Massachusetts, and Washington characterizing MM practices, knowledge, attitudes, and barriers. Forty-eight percent responded; 44% (n = 288) were included in analyses...
December 12, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232904/an-expanded-multi-organ-disease-phenotype-associated-with-mutations-in-yars
#8
Anna Tracewska-Siemiątkowska, Lonneke Haer-Wigman, Danielle G M Bosch, Deborah Nickerson, Michael J Bamshad, Maartje van de Vorst, Nanna Dahl Rendtorff, Claes Möller, Ulrika Kjellström, Sten Andréasson, Frans P M Cremers, Lisbeth Tranebjærg
Whole exome sequence analysis was performed in a Swedish mother-father-affected proband trio with a phenotype characterized by progressive retinal degeneration with congenital nystagmus, profound congenital hearing impairment, primary amenorrhea, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and liver disease. A homozygous variant c.806T > C, p.(F269S) in the tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase gene (YARS) was the only identified candidate variant consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. Mutations in YARS have previously been associated with both autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome and a recently reported autosomal recessive multiorgan disease...
December 11, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230410/sera-from-visceral-leishmaniasis-patients-display-oxidative-activity-and-affect-the-tnf-%C3%AE-production-by-macrophages-in-vitro
#9
Neci M Soares, Joelma N de Souza, Tatiana F Leal, Eliana A G Reis, Maria S Miranda, Washington L C Dos Santos, Márcia C A Teixeira
Mammalian protection against leishmanial infection depends on the development of an effective immune response. Zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) patients are usually unable to mount an effective immune response against the parasite and indeed appear to be severely immunosuppressed. This suppression has strong nonspecific and specific components mediated by serum factors and leishmanicidal activity of infected macrophages, respectively. The lipid profile has been shown to be altered in ZVL patients' sera...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229452/efficacy-of-human-botulism-immune-globulin-for-the-treatment-of-infant-botulism-the-first-12-years-post-licensure
#10
Jessica R Payne, Jessica M Khouri, Nicholas P Jewell, Stephen S Arnon
OBJECTIVES: To report the efficacy of Human Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (BIG-IV) in the first 12 years following its licensure in 2003 and to characterize its use nationwide in treating patients with infant botulism. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records and billing information were collected for US patients treated with BIG-IV from 2003 to 2015. Length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital charge information for treated patients were compared with the BIG-IV Pivotal Clinical Trial Placebo Group to quantify decreases in LOS and hospital charges...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227236/use-of-marijuana-and-other-substances-among-pregnant-and-parenting-women-with-substance-use-disorders-changes-in-washington-state-after-marijuana-legalization
#11
Therese M Grant, J Christopher Graham, Beatriz H Carlini, Cara C Ernst, Natalie Novick Brown
OBJECTIVE: In 2012, possession of marijuana for nonmedical use was legalized in Washington State. This study examined how legalization affected alcohol and drug use in a sample of pregnant and parenting women with substance use disorders. METHOD: Study participants from nine counties in Washington State (N = 1,359) were questioned about their substance use after completing a 3-year case management intervention program. The sample was divided into two cohorts based on whether participants had completed the program before or after legalization...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227233/examination-of-cross-sectional-associations-of-neighborhood-deprivation-and-alcohol-outlet-density-with-hazardous-drinking-using-a-twin-design
#12
Isaac C Rhew, Rick Kosterman, Glen E Duncan, Christina Mair
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and alcohol outlet density are associated with hazardous drinking using a co-twin design to control for confounding because of genetic and shared environmental factors. METHOD: The study sample included cross-sectional data from 1,996 same-sex adult twin pairs (mean age = 36.6; 65.9% female) from the Washington State Twin Registry. The Singh Index was used to characterize neighborhood social deprivation for participants' census tract of residence...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226803/quantitative-missense-variant-effect-prediction-using-large-scale-mutagenesis-data
#13
Vanessa E Gray, Ronald J Hause, Jens Luebeck, Jay Shendure, Douglas M Fowler
Large datasets describing the quantitative effects of mutations on protein function are becoming increasingly available. Here, we leverage these datasets to develop Envision, which predicts the magnitude of a missense variant's molecular effect. Envision combines 21,026 variant effect measurements from nine large-scale experimental mutagenesis datasets, a hitherto untapped training resource, with a supervised, stochastic gradient boosting learning algorithm. Envision outperforms other missense variant effect predictors both on large-scale mutagenesis data and on an independent test dataset comprising 2,312 TP53 variants whose effects were measured using a low-throughput approach...
December 1, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220525/impact-of-opioid-dose-reduction-and-risk-mitigation-initiatives-on-chronic-opioid-therapy-patients-at-higher-risk-for-opioid-related-adverse-outcomes
#14
Manu Thakral, Rod L Walker, Kathleen Saunders, Susan M Shortreed, Sascha Dublin, Michael Parchman, Ryan N Hansen, Evette Ludman, Karen J Sherman, Michael Von Korff
Objective: We aimed to determine if opioid risk reduction initiatives including dose reduction and risk mitigation strategies for chronic noncancer pain patients receiving chronic opioid therapy (COT) had a differential impact on average daily opioid doses of COT patients at higher risk for opioid-related adverse outcomes compared with lower-risk patients. Design: Interrupted time series. Setting: Group Health Cooperative (GH), a health care delivery system and insurance within Washington State, between 2006 and 2014...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218574/tracking-long-distance-atmospheric-deposition-of-trace-metal-emissions-from-smelters-in-the-upper-columbia-river-valley-using-pb-isotope-analysis-of-lake-sediments
#15
Andrew Wright Child, Barry C Moore, Jeffrey D Vervoort, Marc W Beutel
Heavy metal discharge from mining and smelting operations into aquatic ecosystems can cause long-term biological and ecological impacts. The upper Columbia River is highly contaminated with heavy metal wastes from nearby smelting operations in Trail, British Columbia, Canada, and to a lesser extent, Northport (Le Roi smelter), Washington, USA. Airborne emissions from the Trail operations were historically and are currently transported by prevailing winds down the Columbia River canyon, where particulate metals can be deposited into lakes and watersheds...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218372/location-root-proximity-and-glyphosate-use-history-modulate-the-effects-of-glyphosate-on-fungal-community-networks-of-wheat
#16
Daniel C Schlatter, Chuntao Yin, Ian Burke, Scot Hulbert, Timothy Paulitz
Glyphosate is the most-used herbicide worldwide and an essential tool for weed control in no-till cropping systems. However, concerns have been raised regarding the long-term effects of glyphosate on soil microbial communities. We examined the impact of repeated glyphosate application on bulk and rhizosphere soil fungal communities of wheat grown in four soils representative of the dryland wheat production region of Eastern Washington, USA. Further, using soils from paired fields, we contrasted the response of fungal communities that had a long history of glyphosate exposure and those that had no known exposure...
December 7, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217214/reducing-physical-violence-toward-primary-school-students-with-disabilities
#17
Karen Devries, Hannah Kuper, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Nambusi Kyegombe, Lena Morgon Banks, Susan Kelly, Dipak Naker
PURPOSE: We tested whether the Good School Toolkit reduces physical violence from peers and school staff toward students with and without disabilities in Ugandan primary schools. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial, with data collected via cross-sectional surveys in 2012 and 2014. Forty-two primary schools in Luwero District, Uganda, were randomly assigned to receive the Good School Toolkit for 18 months, or to a waitlisted control group...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214818/colorectal-cancer-screening-completion-among-individuals-with-and-without-mental-illnesses-a-comparison-of-2-screening-methods
#18
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Ginger C Hanson, Nancy A Perrin, Scott P Stumbo, Carla A Green
PURPOSE: Cancer mortality is worse among people with psychiatric disorders. The purpose of this study was to compare facilitators and rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening between people with and without mental illnesses. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from a general population cohort study (N = 92 445) that assessed effects of 2 types of CRC screening test kits-guaiac fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT)-on CRC screening completion...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214653/administrative-billing-codes-accurately-identified-occurrence-of-electrical-cardioversion-and-ablation-maze-procedures-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#19
Alexa N Ehlert, Susan R Heckbert, Kerri L Wiggins, Evan L Thacker
BACKGROUND: Administrative billing codes for electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures may be useful for atrial fibrillation (AF) research if the codes are accurate relative to medical record documentation. HYPOTHESIS: Administrative billing codes accurately identify occurrence of electrical cardioversion and ablation/maze procedures in AF patients. METHODS: We studied adults ages 30 to 84 who experienced new-onset AF between October 2001 and December 2004 in Group Health Cooperative (acquired by Kaiser Permanente in 2017), an integrated healthcare system in Washington state and northern Idaho...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214316/association-between-hospital-financial-distress-and-immediate-breast-reconstruction-surgery-after-mastectomy-among-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#20
Catherine A Richards, Andrew G Rundle, Jason D Wright, Dawn L Hershman
Importance: Hospital financial distress (HFD) is a state in which a hospital is at risk of closure because of its financial condition. Hospital financial distress may reduce the services a hospital can offer, particularly unprofitable ones. Few studies have assessed the association of HFD with quality of care. Objective: To examine the association between HFD and receipt of immediate breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
keyword
keyword
96613
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"