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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339797/the-american-society-for-clinical-pathology-s-2015-wage-survey-of-medical-laboratories-in-the-united-states
#1
Edna Garcia, Patrick B Fisher
Objectives: To inform the pathology and laboratory field of the most recent national wage data from the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). Historically, the results of this biennial survey have served as a basis for additional research on laboratory recruitment, retention, education, marketing, certification, and advocacy. Methods: The 2015 wage survey was conducted through collaboration between the ASCP's Institute of Science, Technology, & Policy in Washington, DC, and the ASCP Board of Certification in Chicago, Illinois...
February 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339372/more-than-300-attendees-convene-in-washington-dc-for-the-22nd-annual-compounders-on-capitol-hill-the-united-voice-of-compounders-is-heard
#2
John Voliva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#3
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338879/evidence-for-detection-bias-by-medication-use-in-a-cohort-study-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Heidi S Wirtz, Gregory S Calip, Diana S M Buist, Julie R Gralow, William E Barlow, Shelly Gray, Denise M Boudreau
In previous studies, we found modestly decreased and increased risks of second breast cancer events with the use of statins and antibiotics, respectively, after adjustment for surveillance mammography. We evaluated detection bias by comparing receipt of surveillance mammography among users of these 2 disparate classes of medication. Adult women diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer during 1990-2008 (n = 3,965) while enrolled in an integrated health-care plan (Group Health Cooperative; Washington State) were followed for up to 10 years in the Commonly Used Medications and Breast Cancer Outcomes (COMBO) Study...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336717/publisher-s-expression-of-concern-lactobacillus-bulgaricus-prevents-intestinal-epithelial-cell-injury-caused-by-enterobacter-sakazakii-induced-nitric-oxide-both-in-vitro-and-in-the-newborn-rat-model-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335987/community-health-indicators-associated-with-outcomes-of-pancreatectomy
#6
Lauren Slakey Pointer, Zaid Al-Qurayshi, David Taylor Pointer, Emad Kandil, Douglas Philip Slakey
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the association of environmental, social and health risk factors in relation to outcomes of pancreatic surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatectomy with a 30 day postoperative follow up in Florida, New York and Washington states were identified using the State Inpatient Databases (SID) from 2010 to 2011. This data was merged with community health indicators complied from the County Health Ranking database. Fourteen community health indicators were used to determine higher risk communities...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334390/seqarray-a-storage-efficient-high-performance-data-format-for-wgs-variant-calls
#7
Xiuwen Zheng, Stephanie M Gogarten, Michael Lawrence, Adrienne Stilp, Matthew P Conomos, Bruce S Weir, Cathy Laurie, David Levine
Motivation: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data is being generated at an unprecedented rate. Analysis of WGS data requires a flexible data format to store the different types of DNA variation. Variant call format (VCF) is a general text-based format developed to store variant genotypes and their annotations. However, VCF files are large and data retrieval is relatively slow. Here we introduce a new WGS variant data format implemented in the R/Bioconductor package "SeqArray" for storing variant calls in an arrayoriented manner which provides the same capabilities as VCF, but with multiple high compression options and data access using high-performance parallel computing...
March 16, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334388/bacterial-endosymbionts-of-the-psyllid-cacopsylla-pyricola-hemiptera-psyllidae-in-the-pacific-northwestern-united-states
#8
W Rodney Cooper, Stephen F Garczynski, David R Horton, Thomas R Unruh, Elizabeth H Beers, W Shearer Peter, Richard J Hilton
Insects often have facultative associations with bacterial endosymbionts, which can alter the insects' susceptibility to parasitism, pathogens, plant defenses, and certain classes of insecticides. We collected pear psylla, Cacopsylla pyricola (Förster) (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), from pear orchards in Washington and Oregon, and surveyed them for the presence of bacterial endosymbionts. Adult psyllids were collected on multiple dates to allow us to assay specimens of both the summer ("summerform") and the overwintering ("winterform") morphotypes...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334195/environmental-variables-influence-the-association-of-eustenopus-villosus-and-larinus-curtus-coleoptera-curculionidae-adults-with-different-growth-stages-of-the-invasive-thistle-centaurea-solstitialis-asteraceae-cardueae-in-washington-state
#9
S E Woodley, B A Zamora, T Coffey
A 2-yr (2014-2015) field study in eastern Washington State quantified the effect of environmental factors on the overwintered Eustenopus villosus (Boheman) and Larinus curtus (Hochhut) adults in relation to phenology of Centaurea solstitialis L. (Asteraceae: Cardueae), the feeding and breeding host for these two weevil biocontrol agents. We recorded in the study area: ambient and soil temperatures, soil moisture, percent cover and developmental stage of C. solstitialis, and presence of adults of each weevil species...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334163/deltamethrin-incorporated-nets-as-an-integrated-pest-management-tool-for-the-invasive-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#10
T P Kuhar, B D Short, G Krawczyk, T C Leskey
Long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs), which have insecticide incorporated within the fibers, have been widely used for control of malaria and other insect-vectored diseases. Only recently have researchers begun exploring their use for control of agricultural pests. In this study, we evaluated the toxicity of a deltamethrin-incorporated LLIN, ZeroFly (Vestergaard-Frandsen, Washington, DC) for control of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål). In the lab, exposure to the ZeroFly net for 10 s resulted in >90% mortality of H...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333911/self-reported-work-related-injury-or-illness-washington-2011-2014
#11
Jennifer L Marcum, Brian Chin, Naomi J Anderson, David K Bonauto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333120/an-analytical-model-for-bds-b1-spreading-code-self-interference-evaluation-considering-nh-code-effects
#12
Xin Zhang, Xingqun Zhan, Shaojun Feng, Washington Ochieng
The short spreading code used by the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) B1-I or GPS Coarse/Acquistiion (C/A) can cause aggregately undesirable cross-correlation between signals within each single constellation. This GPS-to-GPS or BDS-to-BDS correlation is referred to as self-interference. A GPS C/A code self-interference model is extended to propose a self-interference model for BDS B1, taking into account the unique feature of the B1-I signal transmitted by BDS medium Earth orbit (MEO) and inclined geosynchronous orbit (IGSO) satellites-an extra Neumann-Hoffmann (NH) code...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332888/clinician-and-patient-acceptability-of-self-collected-human-papillomavirus-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#13
Constance Mao, Shalini L Kulasingam, Hilary K Whitham, Stephen E Hawes, John Lin, Nancy B Kiviat
BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinician and patient attitudes toward home self-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) testing for cervical cancer screening. METHODS: Women aged 21-65 years were recruited for a randomized trial comparing home self-collected HPV testing to standard clinician-collected Pap screening. Participants were surveyed about their attitudes toward self-collected HPV testing. Clinicians performing cervical cancer screening in University of Washington medical clinics were also surveyed to determine their acceptability of self-collected HPV testing...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332277/sequencing-of-sporadic-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-identifies-novel-and-potentially-pathogenic-de-novo-variants-and-excludes-overlap-with-genes-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Daniel Seung Kim, Amber A Burt, Jane E Ranchalis, Beth Wilmot, Joshua D Smith, Karynne E Patterson, Bradley P Coe, Yatong K Li, Michael J Bamshad, Molly Nikolas, Evan E Eichler, James M Swanson, Joel T Nigg, Deborah A Nickerson, Gail P Jarvik
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has high heritability; however, studies of common variation account for <5% of ADHD variance. Using data from affected participants without a family history of ADHD, we sought to identify de novo variants that could account for sporadic ADHD. Considering a total of 128 families, two analyses were conducted in parallel: first, in 11 unaffected parent/affected proband trios (or quads with the addition of an unaffected sibling) we completed exome sequencing. Six de novo missense variants at highly conserved bases were identified and validated from four of the 11 families: the brain-expressed genes TBC1D9, DAGLA, QARS, CSMD2, TRPM2, and WDR83...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329355/international-recommendations-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#15
Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
February 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328392/the-effect-of-internet-group-support-for-caregivers-on-social-support-self-efficacy-and-caregiver-burden-a-meta-analysis
#16
Debbie Parker Oliver, Sonal Patil, Jacquelyn J Benson, Ashley Gage, Karla Washington, Robin L Kruse, George Demiris
INTRODUCTION: Family caregivers are socially isolated and burdened as they care for their loved one, often for many years. Internet support groups can address some of the barriers related to the social isolation, self-efficacy, and burden experienced during caregiving by connecting individuals with similar problems to one another. The purpose of the meta-analysis was to analyze the effect of Internet-based group support interventions on social support, self-efficacy, and burden. METHODS: A two-step search process was used to identify peer reviewed evidence to answer the research question...
February 28, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327507/variation-in-older-adult-characteristics-by-residence-type-and-use-of-home-and-community-based-services
#17
Heidi H Ewen, Tiffany R Washington, Kerstin G Emerson, Andrew T Carswell, Matthew Lee Smith
Background: The majority of older adults prefer to remain in their homes, or to "age-in-place." To accomplish this goal, many older adults will rely upon home- and community-based services (HCBS) for support. However, the availability and accessibility of HCBS may differ based on whether the older adult lives in the community or in a senior housing apartment facility. Methods: This paper reports findings from the Pathways to Life Quality study of residential change and stability among seniors in upstate New York...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324815/gender-and-race-ethnic-differences-in-the-persistence-of-alcohol-drug-and-poly-substance-use-disorders
#18
Elizabeth A Evans, Christine E Grella, Donna L Washington, Dawn M Upchurch
AIMS: To examine gender and racial/ethnic differences in the effect of substance use disorder (SUD) type on SUD persistence. METHODS: Data were provided by 1025 women and 1835 men from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to examine whether gender and race/ethnicity (Non-Hispanic White, Black, Hispanic) moderate the effects of DSM-IV defined past-12 month SUD type (alcohol, drug, poly-substance) on SUD persistence at 3-year follow-up, controlling for covariates...
March 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323474/jail-booking-as-an-occasion-for-hiv-care-reengagement-a-surveillance-based-study
#19
McKenna C Eastment, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Lara Strick, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden, Julia C Dombrowski
OBJECTIVES: To examine population and HIV care outcomes of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at their first incarceration of 2014 in 2 county jails in King County, Washington. METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data linked with jail booking data, we examined demographic information, viral loads, CD4 counts, and incarceration details for the period prior to jail booking, during incarceration, and year following jail release. RESULTS: In 2014, 202 PLWHA were incarcerated, 51% of whom were virally nonsuppressed at booking...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323321/observed-hearing-loss-and-incident-dementia-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#20
Justin S Golub, José A Luchsinger, Jennifer J Manly, Yaakov Stern, Richard Mayeux, Nicole Schupf
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether observed hearing loss (OHL) is associated with incident dementia in a multiethnic population. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological cohort study. SETTING: Community in northern Manhattan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in the Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project, a longitudinal study on aging and dementia in an ethnically diverse community (n = 1,881). MEASUREMENTS: OHL was defined when the examiner observed it or according to self-reported hearing aid use...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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