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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806410/the-influence-of-speed-abilities-and-technical-skills-in-early-adolescence-on-adult-success-in-soccer-a-long-term-prospective-analysis-using-anova-and-sem-approaches
#1
Oliver Höner, Daniel Leyhr, Augustin Kelava
Several talent development programs in youth soccer have implemented motor diagnostics measuring performance factors. However, the predictive value of such tests for adult success is a controversial topic in talent research. This prospective cohort study evaluated the long-term predictive value of 1) motor tests and 2) players' speed abilities (SA) and technical skills (TS) in early adolescence. The sample consisted of 14,178 U12 players from the German talent development program. Five tests (sprint, agility, dribbling, ball control, shooting) were conducted and players' height, weight as well as relative age were assessed at nationwide diagnostics between 2004 and 2006...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806278/ce-original-research-the-experience-of-transitioning-to-a-caregiving-role-for-a-family-member-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-dementia
#2
Kathleen Czekanski
Study findings suggest several areas for further research. ABSTRACT: Background: Alzheimer's disease is a chronic, debilitating disease that currently affects an estimated 5.5 million Americans. The majority are being cared for at home by family caregivers, who are known to have higher levels of burden than any other group of caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of people who transition to the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#3
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805518/the-pace-trial-missteps-on-pacing-and-patient-selection
#4
Leonard A Jason
As others have pointed out a variety of complicating factors with the PACE trial (e.g. changing outcome criteria), I will limit my remarks to issues that involve the composition of adaptive pacing therapy and issues involving patient selection. My key points are that the PACE trial investigators were not successful in designing and implementing a valid pacing intervention and patient selection ambiguity further compromised the study's outcomes.
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805431/disentangling-the-effects-of-serotonin-on-risk-perception-s-carriers-of-5-httlpr-are-primarily-concerned-with-the-magnitude-of-the-outcomes-not-the-uncertainty
#5
Philip Millroth, Peter Juslin, Elias Eriksson, Thomas Agren
Serotonin signaling is vital for reward processing, and hence, also for decision-making. The serotonin transporter gene linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has been connected to decision making, suggesting that short-allele carriers (s) are more risk averse than long-allele homozygotes (ll). However, previous research has not identified if this occurs because s-carriers (i) are more sensitive to the uncertainty of the outcomes or (ii) are more sensitive to the magnitude of the outcomes. This issue was disentangled using a willingness-to-pay task, where the participants evaluated prospects involving certain gains, uncertain gains, and ambiguous gains...
August 14, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805402/middle-ground-approach-to-paradox-within-and-between-culture-examination-of-the-creative-benefits-of-paradoxical-frames
#6
Angela K-Y Leung, Shyhnan Liou, Ella Miron-Spektor, Brandon Koh, David Chan, Roni Eisenberg, Iris Schneider
Thriving in increasingly complex and ambiguous environments requires creativity and the capability to reconcile conflicting demands. Recent evidence with Western samples has suggested that paradoxical frames, or mental templates that encourage individuals to recognize and embrace contradictions, could produce creative benefits. We extended the timely, but understudied, topic by studying the nuances of for whom and why creative advantages of paradoxical frames emerge. We suggest that people endorsing a middle ground approach are less likely to scrutinize conflict and reconcile with integrative solutions, thus receiving less creative benefits of paradoxical frames...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804476/wood-ash-induced-ph-changes-strongly-affect-soil-bacterial-numbers-and-community-composition
#7
Toke Bang-Andreasen, Jeppe T Nielsen, Jana Voriskova, Janine Heise, Regin Rønn, Rasmus Kjøller, Hans C B Hansen, Carsten S Jacobsen
Recirculation of wood ash from energy production to forest soil improves the sustainability of this energy production form as recycled wood ash contains nutrients that otherwise would be lost at harvest. In addition, wood-ash is beneficial to many soils due to its inherent acid-neutralizing capabilities. However, wood ash has several ecosystem-perturbing effects like increased soil pH and pore water electrical conductivity both known to strongly impact soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Studies investigating soil bacterial community responses to wood ash application remain sparse and the available results are ambiguous and remain at a general taxonomic level...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804395/social-exclusion-of-older-persons-a-scoping-review-and-conceptual-framework
#8
REVIEW
Kieran Walsh, Thomas Scharf, Norah Keating
As a concept, social exclusion has considerable potential to explain and respond to disadvantage in later life. However, in the context of ageing populations, the construct remains ambiguous. A disjointed evidence-base, spread across disparate disciplines, compounds the challenge of developing a coherent understanding of exclusion in older age. This article addresses this research deficit by presenting the findings of a two-stage scoping review encompassing seven separate reviews of the international literature pertaining to old-age social exclusion...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804390/relations-between-views-on-ageing-and-perceived-age-discrimination-a-domain-specific-perspective
#9
Peggy Voss, Julia K Wolff, Klaus Rothermund
This study investigates the relation between age stereotypes and perceived age discrimination. Existing evidence for such a relation is notoriously ambiguous with regard to its direction-age stereotypes can predict (perceived) discrimination, but experiencing discrimination may also change views on ageing-which is why we used a dataset with two waves to disentangle the direction of the associations. Considering research on the multi-dimensionality of views on ageing and perceived age discrimination, we addressed this question from a domain- and age group-specific perspective...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803222/biobanking-in-the-subcontinent-exploring-concerns
#10
Aamir M Jafarey, Sualeha Siddiq Shekhani, Bushra Shirazi
Biobanking is an important tool for biomedical research. However, it raises a variety of ethical issues, which are compounded in the developing world. This paper is based on data from three sources on the ethical issues associated with biobanking, including a mixed method pilot study conducted with students in Karachi, Pakistan, a workshop in Karachi, and another workshop held in Bengaluru, India. Findings from these sources reveal a unanimous lack of clarity about what constitutes a biobank. While informed consent was deemed necessary for storage of materials, participants were unsure of how this could be achieved for samples stored indefinitely for future research...
July 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802768/when-you-can-scale-up-large-scale-study-shows-no-effect-of-tdcs-in-an-ambiguous-risk-taking-task
#11
Riccardo Russo, Paul Twyman, Nicholas R Cooper, Paul B Fitzgerald, Denise Wallace
BACKGROUND: A wide range of neuroimaging and neuromodulation studies have shown that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) plays a pivotal role in decision-making. Of particular interest is the question of its role in decision-making when conditions are uncertain and whether manipulating this neural substrate through neuromodulation changes subsequent risk-taking behaviour. Previous work using the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) suggests that bilateral tDCS stimulation of the DLPFC reduces risk-taking behaviour but unilateral stimulation has no effect...
August 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802446/toward-a-process-level-view-of-distributed-healthcare-tasks-medication-management-as-a-case-study
#12
Nicole E Werner, Seema Malkana, Ayse P Gurses, Bruce Leff, Alicia I Arbaje
We aim to highlight the importance of using a process-level view in analyzing distributed healthcare tasks through a case study analysis of medication management (MM). MM during older adults' hospital-to-skilled-home-healthcare (SHHC) transitions is a healthcare process with tasks distributed across people, organizations, and time. MM has typically been studied at the task level, but a process-level is needed to fully understand and improve MM during transitions. A process-level view allows for a broader investigation of how tasks are distributed throughout the work system through an investigation of interactions and the resultant emergent properties...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801470/litigation-provides-clues-to-ongoing-challenges-in-implementing-insurance-parity
#13
Kelsey N Berry, Haiden A Huskamp, Howard H Goldman, Lainie Rutkow, Colleen L Barry
Over the past twenty-five years, thirty-seven states and the US Congress have passed mental health and substance use disorder (MH/SUD) parity laws to secure nondiscriminatory insurance coverage for MH/SUD services in the private health insurance market and through certain public insurance programs. However, in the intervening years, litigation has been brought by numerous parties alleging violations of insurance parity. We examine the critical issues underlying these legal challenges as a framework for understanding the areas in which parity enforcement is lacking, as well as ongoing areas of ambiguity in the interpretation of these laws...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800010/cell-polarity-reversal-distinguishes-true-micropapillary-growth-from-retraction-artifact-in-invasive-urothelial-carcinoma
#14
Yiang Hui, Kara A Lombardo, M Ruhul Quddus, Andres Matoso
Focal micropapillary features in invasive urothelial carcinoma is sometimes difficult to distinguish from retraction artifact morphologically. Cell polarity reversal has been demonstrated in micropapillary tumors by epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) immunostaining. We have previously described the use of E-cadherin as a cell polarity marker in ovarian micropapillary serous borderline tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of immunohistochemistry for EMA and E-cadherin in differentiating micropapillary urothelial carcinoma from retraction artifact...
August 9, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799687/upfront-immunohistochemistry-improves-specificity-of-helicobacter-pylori-diagnosis-a-french-pathology-laboratory-point-of-view
#15
Florent Ginestet, Briac Guibourg, Laurent Doucet, Jérémie Théreaux, Michel Robaszkiewicz, Pascale Marcorelles, Arnaud Uguen
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about the histopathologic methods to detect Helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsies to date. We aimed to question about the value of upfront anti-H. pylori immunohistochemistry in this field. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We led a retrospective study about the rate of H. pylori-positive gastric biopsies before and after the implementation of upfront immunohistochemistry, the inter-rater and intermethods agreements in H. pylori identification about Hematoxylin-Eosin Saffron (HES), Giemsa, and immunohistochemistry stains and the histopathologic features associated with low amounts of H...
August 11, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799081/the-psychosocial-impact-of-carrying-a-debated-variant-in-the-gla-gene
#16
Sarah Macklin, Dawn Laney, Emily Lisi, Andrea Atherton, Elizabeth Smith
The clinical significance of the c.427G>A (p.A143T) variant in GLA is a topic of debate within the lysosomal storage disease community. A review of the literature and published case reports found the clinical impact of the variant to range from classic Fabry symptoms to healthy unaffected males with normal alpha- galactosidase enzyme levels, leaving clinicians unsure of how to manage these individuals. As the number of states testing for Fabry disease on their newborn screening panel has increased, more people with this variant are being identified...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798918/learning-and-judgment-can-be-affected-by-predisposed-fearfulness-in-laying-hens
#17
Elske N de Haas, Caroline Lee, T Bas Rodenburg
High fearfulness could disrupt learning and likely affects judgment in animals, especially when it is part of an animals' personality, i.e., trait anxiety. Here, we tested whether high fearfulness affects discrimination learning and judgment bias (JB) in laying hens. Based on the response to an open field at 5 weeks of age, birds were categorized as fearful (FC) by showing no walking or vocalizing or non-fearful (NFC) by showing walking and vocalizing. At adult age, birds (n = 24) were trained in a go-go task to discriminate two cues (white or black) with a small or large reward...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798709/the-more-the-better-multiple-vs-single-jobholders-job-satisfaction-as-a-matter-of-lacked-information
#18
Maria U Kottwitz, Lena Hünefeld, Benjamin P Frank, Kathleen Otto
In recent decades, the working world has changed dramatically and rising demands on flexibility make the coordination of personal and professional life more difficult. Therefore, it is important that the incumbents are in possession of all necessary information concerning their job. This might be a key issue to remain satisfied. Simultaneously, atypical forms of employment have substantially increased in the labor market; one such form is holding more than one job. While the motives might differ from needing an additional income to broadening job opportunities, practicing several jobs requires coordination and thus, being informed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798276/ambiguous-interactions-between-diastolic-and-sr-ca-2-in-the-regulation-of-cardiac-ca-2-release
#19
REVIEW
Eric A Sobie, George S B Williams, W J Lederer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797981/rhabdoid-meningioma-arising-concurrent-in-pulmonary-and-intracranial-with-a-rare-malignant-clinical-progression-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Peng Zhao, Ning Li, Jinfeng Cao, Xiangtao Lin, Changhu Liang
BACKGROUND: Rhabdoid meningioma (RM) is an unusual variant of meningioma, classified as WHO grade III. Although its recurrence is common, extracranial metastasis is rare and usually misdiagnosed. The transfer mechanism and pathway are ambiguous; once it develops, there is a poor prognosis and no effective management. The present case is the first report on concurrent intracranial and pulmonary RM with rapid and widespread metastasis. We hope this report can be a helpful reference for clinicians and radiologists...
August 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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