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Boonnada Pamornpathomkul, Tanasait Ngawhirunpat, Ismaiel A Tekko, Lalitkumar Vora, Helen O McCarthy, Ryan F Donnelly
Acyclovir is widely indicated for the treatment of herpes labialis (cold sores), typically caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). However, topical acyclovir has poor efficacy, due to its low skin permeability. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the ability of dissolving polymeric microneedle (MN) arrays to improve the local delivery of acyclovir. Acyclovir-loaded dissolving MN arrays (0.49 cm2 ) were formulated from aqueous blends of Gantrez® S-97 with 361 needles per array (589 ± 9...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Lingli Hu, Zhencheng Liao, Qiqi Hu, Katherine G Maffucci, Yan Qu
Dissolving microneedles (MNs) have been widely studied for their applications in effective transdermal drug delivery due to their ability to dissolve within the skin. This study details the first reported successful preparation of novel dissolving MNs using Bletilla striata polysaccharide (BSP), a natural glucomannan material, and investigates the potential for using such MNs as a transdermal drug delivery vector. The prepared dissolving Bletilla striata polysaccharide microneedles (BMNs) had excellent moldability and were easily detached from the mold...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Asad Ullah, Chul Min Kim, Gyu Man Kim
We present a simple method to coat microneedles (MNs) uniformly with a porous polymer (PLGA) that can deliver drugs at high rates. Stainless steel (SS) MNs of high mechanical strength were coated with a thin porous polymer layer to enhance their delivery rates. Additionally, to improve the interfacial adhesion between the polymer and MNs, the MN surface was modified by plasma treatment followed by dip coating with polyethyleneimine, a polymer with repeating amine units. The average failure load (the minimum force sufficient for detaching the polymer layer from the surface of SS) recorded for the modified surface coating was 25 N, whereas it was 2...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Tetsuya Imamura, Mitsuru Shimamura, Teruyuki Ogawa, Tomonori Minagawa, Takashi Nagai, Sudha Silwal Gautam, Osamu Ishizuka
The ability to repair damaged urinary bladders through the application of bone marrow-derived cells is in the earliest stages of development. We investigated the application of bone marrow-derived cells to repair radiation-injured bladders. We used a three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting robot system to biofabricate bone marrow-derived cell structures. We then determined if the biofabricated structures could restore the tissues and functions of radiation-injured bladders. The bladders of female 10-week-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were irradiated with 2-Gy once a week for 5 weeks...
May 8, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Yu-Hsiu Chiu, Mei-Chin Chen, Shu-Wen Wan
Enhancing the immune response to vaccines and minimizing the need for repeated inoculations remain a challenge in clinical vaccination. This study developed a composite microneedle (MN), composed of a sodium hyaluronate (HA) tip and a chitosan base, for biphasic antigen release and evaluated the potential of using this MN formulation as an intradermal delivery system for single-dose vaccination. Upon skin insertion, the dissolvable HA tip dissolved within the skin for rapid release of the encapsulated antigens, thus priming the immune system, while the biodegradable chitosan base remained in the dermis for prolonged antigen release for 4 weeks, thus further boosting the stimulated immunity...
May 3, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Kaushik Kuche, Rahul Maheshwari, Vishakha Tambe, Kit-Kay Mak, Hardi Jogi, Nidhi Raval, Mallikarjuna Rao Pichika, Rakesh Kumar Tekade
The search for effective and non-invasive delivery modules to transport therapeutic molecules across skin has led to the discovery of a number of nanocarriers (viz.: liposomes, ethosomes, dendrimers, etc.) in the last few decades. However, available literature suggests that these delivery modules face several issues including poor stability, low encapsulation efficiency, and scale-up hurdles. Recently, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) emerged as a versatile tool to deliver therapeutics across skin. Superior stability, high loading capacity, well-developed synthesis protocol as well as ease of scale-up are some of the reason for growing interest in CNTs...
May 3, 2018: Nanoscale
Bo Zhi Chen, Mohammad Ashfaq, Dan Dan Zhu, Xiao Peng Zhang, Xin Dong Guo
Rapidly separating genepin-crosslinked gelatin (RS-GC) microneedles (MNs) mounted on the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-coated polylactic acid (PLA) MNs (RS-PGC-MNs) are fabricated, in which GC-MNs deliver insulin within the skin and the PLA supporting array is easily separated by the dissolution of the PVA layer. The release of insulin is controlled by utilizing the virtue of genipin as a crosslinking agent for producing biocompatible GC-MNs. The degree of crosslinking enhances the mechanical strength as well as humidity resistance...
May 2, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Dong Huang, Deyao Zhao, Xiaoxia Wang, Chunhui Li, Tongren Yang, Lili Du, Zewen Wei, Qiang Cheng, Huiqing Cao, Zicai Liang, Yuanyu Huang, Zhihong Li
Rationale: Delivery of nucleic acid molecules into skin remains a main obstacle for various types of gene therapy or vaccine applications. Here we propose a novel electroporation approach via combined use of a microneedle roller and a flexible interdigitated electroporation array (FIEA) for efficient delivery of DNA and siRNA into mouse skin. Methods: Using micromachining technology, closely spaced gold electrodes were made on a pliable parylene substrate to form a patch-like electroporation array, which enabled close surface contact between the skin and electrodes...
2018: Theranostics
Fan Zhang, Lu Liu, Shangfeng Wang, Baozhou Zhao, Peng Pei, Yong Fan, Xiaomin Li
Fluorescent bioimaging in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II) can probe deep tissue with minimum auto-fluorescence and tissue scattering. However, all the current NIR-II fluorophores related in vivo biodetection are only focused on direct disease lesion or organ bioimaging, it's still a big challenge to realize the NIR-II real-time dynamic biosensing. Herein, we present a new type of Er3+ sensitized upconversion nanoparticles with both excitation (1530 nm) and emission (1180 nm) located in NIR-II window for in vivo biosensing...
May 2, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Jeong Woo Lee, Mark R Prausnitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
N Ogai, I Nonaka, Y Toda, T Ono, S Minegishi, A Inou, M Hachiya, H Fukamizu
BACKGROUND: The intradermal (ID) route for vaccination represents an effective alternative to subcutaneous (SC)/intramuscular administration to induce protective immunity. However, a critical issue associated with ID vaccination is the precise delivery of solution in the upper dermis, which ensures enhanced immunity. METHODS: We fabricated a hollow microneedle unit made of poly-glycolic acid by injection molding and bonding, and created a dedicated prototype injector...
April 29, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
James Coyne, Brandon Davis, David Kauffman, Nan Zhao, Yong Wang
Overexpression of proteins in the body can cause severe diseases and other physiological disturbances. The development of protein blockers and local delivery systems would offer opportunities for addressing the health problems caused by protein overexpression. Nucleic acid aptamers are an emerging class of ligands with the potential to block proteins effectively; however, little effort has been made in developing polymer systems for local aptamer delivery. In this work, polymer microneedles capable of delivering DNA aptamers locally to inhibit the function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were developed and studied...
December 11, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Jessica C Joyce, Timothy D Carroll, Marcus L Collins, Min-Hsin Chen, Linda Fritts, Joseph C Dutra, Tracy L Rourke, James L Goodson, Michael B McChesney, Mark R Prausnitz, Paul A Rota
Background: New methods to increase measles and rubella (MR) vaccination coverage are needed to achieve global and regional MR elimination goals. Methods: Here, we developed microneedle (MN) patches designed to administer MR vaccine by minimally trained personnel, leave no biohazardous sharps waste, remove the need for vaccine reconstitution, and provide thermostability outside the cold chain. This study evaluated the immunogenicity of MN patches delivering MR vaccine to infant rhesus macaques...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Richard Justin, Biqiong Chen
Biodegradable chitosan-magnetic graphene quantum dot (MGQD) nanocomposites were prepared and investigated for the release of small and large molecular weight (MWt) therapeutics from detachable and non-detachable biodegradable microneedle arrays. The presence of MGQDs in chitosan increased the electrical conductivity and biodegradation rate of chitosan while maintaining its mechanical properties. The detachable microneedle arrays were created by including a water-soluble ring of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) at the base of the microneedle, which enabled the rapid detachment of the microneedle shaft from the base...
June 6, 2018: Interface Focus
Mohamed R Al-Naggar, Ahmad S Al-Adl, Ali R Rabie, Mahmoud R Abdelkhalk, Mohamed L Elsaie
BACKGROUND: Warts, or verrucae, are benign epithelial profilerations of skin and mucosa caused by infection with HPV and poses a challenge to treat. OBJECTIVE: To compare between single and microneedling-assisted multipuncture techniques of intralesional application in treatment of plantar warts. METHODS: The study included 60 Patients who were divided into two groups (A&B). Each group consisted of (30) patients. Group (A) subjects received intralesional bleomycin with a single injection using syringe needle...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Jae Hwan Jung, Patcharin Desit, Mark R Prausnitz
Purpose: The purpose is to target model drug particles to the posterior region of the suprachoroidal space (SCS) of the eye controlled via pushing by hydrogel swelling. Methods: A particle formulation containing 1% hyaluronic acid (HA) with fluorescent polymer particles and a hydrogel formulation containing 4% HA were introduced in a single syringe as two layers without mixing, and injected sequentially into the SCS of the rabbit eye ex vivo and in vivo using a microneedle...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Kenji Ibayashi, Naoto Kunii, Takeshi Matsuo, Yohei Ishishita, Seijiro Shimada, Kensuke Kawai, Nobuhito Saito
Restoration of speech communication for locked-in patients by means of brain computer interfaces (BCIs) is currently an important area of active research. Among the neural signals obtained from intracranial recordings, single/multi-unit activity (SUA/MUA), local field potential (LFP), and electrocorticography (ECoG) are good candidates for an input signal for BCIs. However, the question of which signal or which combination of the three signal modalities is best suited for decoding speech production remains unverified...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Pradnya P Samant, Mark R Prausnitz
Although interstitial fluid (ISF) contains biomarkers of physiological significance and medical interest, sampling of ISF for clinical applications has made limited impact due to a lack of simple, clinically useful techniques that collect more than nanoliter volumes of ISF. This study describes experimental and theoretical analysis of ISF transport from skin using microneedle (MN) patches and demonstrates collection of >1 µL of ISF within 20 min in pig cadaver skin and living human subjects using an optimized system...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chisong Lee, Hongil Kim, Suyong Kim, Shayan F Lahiji, Na-Young Ha, Huisuk Yang, Geonwoo Kang, Hai Yen Thi Nguyen, Yuri Kim, Myung-Sik Choi, Nam-Hyuk Cho, Hyungil Jung
Dissolving microneedles (DMNs) have been widely studied in medical applications due to their pain-free administration, superior efficiency, and safe drug delivery. In skin vaccination, preserving the activity of the encapsulated antigen is an important consideration, as antigen activity is lost during DMN fabrication because of various stress factors. These stress factors vary between fabrication methods and each method affects the antigen's activity to different degrees. In this study, the activity of encapsulated antigens delivered by DMNs is compared between two recently developed DMN fabrication methods; droplet-born air blowing (DAB) and centrifugal lithography (CL) for a model scrub typhus vaccine antigen, ScaA...
April 16, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Agata Markiewicz, Malwina Zasada, Anna Erkiert-Polguj, Marzena Wieckowska-Szakiel, Elzbieta Budzisz
BACKGROUND: Mature skin is characterized by a loss of elasticity, hyperpigmentation, and dehydration. L-ascorbic acid stimulates the synthesis of collagen type I, inhibits melanogenesis, and helps to maintain correct skin hydration. Combining microneedle mesotherapy with the application of preparations rich in vitamin C results in better therapeutic effects due to the improved absorption of active substances. The study evaluates the effectiveness of the application of strawberry hydrolysate enriched with L-ascorbic acid using microneedle mesotherapy...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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