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Narcissistic personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335530/risk-of-suicide-and-dysfunctional-patterns-of-personality-among-bereaved-substance-users
#1
Laura Masferrer, Beatriz Caparrós
Background: Research has shown that suicide is a phenomenon highly present among the drug dependent population. Different studies have demonstrated an upraised level of comorbidity between personality disorders (PD) and substance use disorders (SUD). This study aimed to describe which PDs are more frequent among those patients with a risk of suicide. Methods: The study was based on a consecutive non-probabilistic convenience sample of 196 bereaved patients attended to in a Public Addiction Center in Girona (Spain)...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301765/controversies-in-narcissism
#2
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, W Keith Campbell
There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261129/beware-of-selfies-the-impact-of-photo-type-on-impression-formation-based-on-social-networking-profiles
#3
Nicole C Krämer, Markus Feurstein, Jan P Kluck, Yannic Meier, Marius Rother, Stephan Winter
Users of social networking sites such as Facebook frequently post self-portraits on their profiles. While research has begun to analyze the motivations for posting such pictures, less is known about how selfies are evaluated by recipients. Although producers of selfies typically aim to create a positive impression, selfies may also be regarded as narcissistic and therefore fail to achieve the intended goal. The aim of this study is to examine the potentially ambivalent reception of selfies compared to photos taken by others based on the Brunswik lens model Brunswik (1956)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252974/validation-of-the-narcissistic-admiration-and-rivalry-questionnaire-short-scale-narq-s-in-convenience-and-representative-samples
#4
Marius Leckelt, Eunike Wetzel, Tanja M Gerlach, Robert A Ackerman, Joshua D Miller, William J Chopik, Lars Penke, Katharina Geukes, Albrecht C P Küfner, Roos Hutteman, David Richter, Karl-Heinz Renner, Marc Allroggen, Courtney Brecheen, W Keith Campbell, Igor Grossmann, Mitja D Back
Due to increased empirical interest in narcissism across the social sciences, there is a need for inventories that can be administered quickly while also reliably measuring both the agentic and antagonistic aspects of grandiose narcissism. In this study, we sought to validate the factor structure, provide representative descriptive data and reliability estimates, assess the reliability across the trait spectrum, and examine the nomological network of the short version of the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ-S; Back et al...
March 2, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251591/impulsivity-and-cluster-b-personality-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Alexandra Sebastian, Oliver Tüscher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and an important personality trait in various mental health conditions. Among personality disorders (PDs), especially cluster B PDs are affected. The aims of this review are to summarize the relevant findings of the past 3 years concerning impulsivity in cluster B PDs and to identify those subcomponents of self-reported impulsivity and experimentally measured impulse control that are most affected in these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: All studies referred to antisocial (ASPD) or borderline PD (BPD), and none were found for narcissistic or histrionic PD...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170106/narcissism-and-social-networking-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#7
Timo Gnambs, Markus Appel
OBJECTIVE: The increasing popularity of social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter has given rise to speculations that the intensity of using these platforms is associated with narcissistic tendencies. However, recent research on this issue has been all but conclusive. METHOD: We present a three-level, random-effects meta-analysis including 289 effect sizes from 57 studies (total N = 25,631) on the association between trait narcissism and social networking behavior...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170100/vulnerable-narcissism-is-mostly-a-disorder-of-neuroticism
#8
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Colin Vize, Michael Crowe, Chelsea Sleep, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Lauren R Few, W Keith Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention has been paid to the distinction between the dimensions of narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability. We examine the degree to which basic traits underlie vulnerable narcissism with a particular emphasis on the importance of neuroticism and agreeableness. METHODS: Across four samples (undergraduate, online community, clinical-community), we conduct dominance analyses to partition the variance predicted in vulnerable narcissism by the five-factor model personality domains...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147290/personality-traits-and-psychotic-symptoms-in-recent-onset-of-psychosis-patients
#9
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Pablo Cano-Domínguez, Antonia de-Luis-Matilla, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Alberto Espina-Eizaguirre, Berta Moreno-Kustner, Susana Ochoa
OBJECTIVE: Personality in patients with psychosis, and particularly its relation to psychotic symptoms in recent onset of psychosis (ROP) patients, is understudied. The aims of this research were to study the relation between dimensional and categorical clinical personality traits and symptoms, as well as the effects that symptoms, sex and age have on clinically significant personality traits. METHODS: Data for these analyses were obtained from 94 ROP patients. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale were used to assess personality and symptoms...
January 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144225/the-selfie-paradox-nobody-seems-to-like-them-yet-everyone-has-reasons-to-take-them-an-exploration-of-psychological-functions-of-selfies-in-self-presentation
#10
Sarah Diefenbach, Lara Christoforakos
Selfies appear as a double-edged phenomenon. Taking, posting, and viewing selfies has become a daily habit for many. At the same time, research revealed that selfies often evoke criticism and disrespect, and are associated with non-authenticity and narcissism. The present study (N = 238) sheds further light on the somewhat contradictory phenomenon of selfies and their psychological value. In addition to previous studies on selfies and personality traits, the present research explores relations to popular, habitual self-presentation strategies, self-reflections on own and others' selfie-taking behavior, selfie-related affect, and perceived consequences of selfies, by applying a combination of self-constructed and existing scales [e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132598/the-narcissism-spectrum-model
#11
Zlatan Krizan, Anne D Herlache
The narcissism spectrum model synthesizes extensive personality, social-psychological, and clinical evidence, building on existing knowledge about narcissistic grandiosity and vulnerability to reveal a view of narcissism that respects its clinical origins, embraces the diversity and complexity of its expression, and reflects extensive scientific evidence about the continuity between normal and abnormal personality expression. Critically, the proposed model addresses three key, inter-related problems that have plagued narcissism scholarship for more than a century...
January 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123136/association-of-adaptive-and-maladaptive-narcissism-with-personal-burnout-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Roland VON Känel, Raphael M Herr, Annelies E M VAN Vianen, Burkhard Schmidt
Burnout is associated with poor mental and physical functioning and high costs for societies. Personality attributes may critically increase the risk of personal burnout. We specifically examined whether narcissism associates with personal burnout in a working population. We studied n=1461employees (mean age 41.3±9.4 years, 52% men) drawn from a random sample of a pharmaceutical company in Germany. All participants completed the personal burnout subscale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess maladaptive (entitlement/exploitativeness) and adaptive (leadership/authority) narcissism...
January 25, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095002/the-personality-context-of-relational-aggression-a-five-factor-model-profile-analysis
#13
Kathleen W Reardon, Jennifer L Tackett, Don Lynam
Relational aggression (RAgg) is a form of behavior intended to damage the victim's social status or interpersonal relationships through the use of purposeful interpersonal manipulation or social exclusion (Archer & Coyne, 2005). RAgg is impairing, stable, and largely defined by dysfunctional patterns of interpersonal interactions-all of which invokes comparisons to personality and, more specifically, personality pathology. Leveraging research using the Five Factor Model (FFM) in personality disorder (PD) work, the present study aims to understand the personality context of RAgg by applying this FFM profile approach in 2 ways: (a) by compiling a personality profile of RAgg based on a thorough review of the relevant literature and (b) by compiling a personality profile of RAgg based on expert ratings (N = 19)...
January 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064516/using-dominance-analysis-to-decompose-narcissism-and-its-relation-to-aggression-and-externalizing-outcomes
#14
Colin E Vize, Katherine L Collison, Michael L Crowe, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Research on narcissism has shown it to be multidimensional construct. As such, the relations the larger construct bear with certain outcomes may mask heterogeneity apparent at the more basic trait level. This article used the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory, a Five-Factor Model-based measure of narcissism that allows for multiple levels of analysis, to examine the relative importance of narcissistic traits in relation to aggression, externalizing behavior, and self-esteem outcomes in two independent samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#15
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#16
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869307/stupidity-in-the-analytic-field-vicissitudes-of-the-detachment-process-in-adolescence
#18
Roosevelt M S Cassorla
This paper has the objective of broadening the understanding of technical aspects in working with adolescents who defend themselves against detachment from infantile aspects through defensive organizations. These organizations numb the adolescent toward both triangular reality and narcissistic defenses. The families of such young people may be part of the organization and the analyst can also be recruited to participate in it. But the analyst's perception can become blurry and this fact makes him appear stupid...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816770/narcissistic-personality-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior-in-mood-disorders
#19
Daniel Coleman, Ryan Lawrence, Amrita Parekh, Hanga Galfalvy, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, David A Brent, J John Mann, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Maria A Oquendo
The relationship of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) to suicidal behavior is understudied. The modest body of existing research suggests that NPD is protective against low-lethality suicide attempts, but is associated with high lethality attempts. Mood-disordered patients (N = 657) received structured interviews including Axis I and II diagnosis and standardized clinical measures. Following chi-square and t-tests, a logistical regression model was constructed to identify predictors of suicide attempt...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798484/executive-functioning-in-people-with-personality-disorders
#20
Domingo Garcia-Villamisar, John Dattilo, Marta Garcia-Martinez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent executive functions research to better delineate the nosology of personality disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: This review indicates that there are consistent impairments in executive functioning in people with personality disorders as compared with matched controls. Only five disorders were considered: borderline, obsessive-compulsive, antisocial, narcissistic, and schizotypal. Significant deficits are observed in decision-making, working memory, inhibition, and flexibility...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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