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Narcissistic personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064516/using-dominance-analysis-to-decompose-narcissism-and-its-relation-to-aggression-and-externalizing-outcomes
#1
Colin E Vize, Katherine L Collison, Michael L Crowe, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam
Research on narcissism has shown it to be multidimensional construct. As such, the relations the larger construct bear with certain outcomes may mask heterogeneity apparent at the more basic trait level. This article used the Five Factor Narcissism Inventory, a Five-Factor Model-based measure of narcissism that allows for multiple levels of analysis, to examine the relative importance of narcissistic traits in relation to aggression, externalizing behavior, and self-esteem outcomes in two independent samples...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#2
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922907/stability-and-change-in-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-1-year-follow-up-of-depressed-adolescent-outpatients
#3
Thea Strandholm, Olli Kiviruusu, Linnea Karlsson, Maiju Pankakoski, Mirjami Pelkonen, Mauri Marttunen
We investigated stability and change in personality disorder (PD) symptoms and whether depression severity, comorbid clinical psychiatric disorders, and social support predict changes in personality pathology among adolescent outpatients. The 1-year outcome of PD symptoms among consecutive adolescent psychiatric outpatients with depressive disorders (N = 189) was investigated with symptom count of depression, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and perceived social support as predictors. An overall decrease in PD symptoms in most PD categories was observed...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#4
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869307/stupidity-in-the-analytic-field-vicissitudes-of-the-detachment-process-in-adolescence
#5
Roosevelt M S Cassorla
This paper has the objective of broadening the understanding of technical aspects in working with adolescents who defend themselves against detachment from infantile aspects through defensive organizations. These organizations numb the adolescent toward both triangular reality and narcissistic defenses. The families of such young people may be part of the organization and the analyst can also be recruited to participate in it. But the analyst's perception can become blurry and this fact makes him appear stupid...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816770/narcissistic-personality-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior-in-mood-disorders
#6
Daniel Coleman, Ryan Lawrence, Amrita Parekh, Hanga Galfalvy, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, David A Brent, J John Mann, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Maria A Oquendo
The relationship of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) to suicidal behavior is understudied. The modest body of existing research suggests that NPD is protective against low-lethality suicide attempts, but is associated with high lethality attempts. Mood-disordered patients (N = 657) received structured interviews including Axis I and II diagnosis and standardized clinical measures. Following chi-square and t-tests, a logistical regression model was constructed to identify predictors of suicide attempt...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798484/executive-functioning-in-people-with-personality-disorders
#7
Domingo Garcia-Villamisar, John Dattilo, Marta Garcia-Martinez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent executive functions research to better delineate the nosology of personality disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: This review indicates that there are consistent impairments in executive functioning in people with personality disorders as compared with matched controls. Only five disorders were considered: borderline, obsessive-compulsive, antisocial, narcissistic, and schizotypal. Significant deficits are observed in decision-making, working memory, inhibition, and flexibility...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785032/screening-results-correlating-to-personality-disorder-traits-in-a-new-employee-population-of-people-s-republic-of-china
#8
Yan Tan, Yan Liu, Lei Wu
BACKGROUND: Adaptation to a new environment may have an uncertain influence on young employees, whose values are still being formed during early adulthood. To understand the current mental status and further improve the mental health level of the new employee population of People's Republic of China, we conducted a cross-sectional study to screen the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder (PD) traits in this population. METHODS: This study included all male participants who were new employees (those who had started working in approximately the last three months) from 12 machinery factories in People's Republic of China...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777779/a-systematic-review-on-the-relationship-between-antisocial-borderline-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnostic-traits-and-risk-of-violence-to-others-in-a-clinical-and-forensic-sample
#9
REVIEW
Joe Lowenstein, Charlotte Purvis, Katie Rose
Risk assessments identify the presence of a Personality Disorder diagnosis as relevant to future violence. At present, risk assessments focus on the presence of the disorder rather than identifying key traits related to risk. Systematic searches of three databases were conducted from January 2000 until August 2014. Of 92,143, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. A lack of empirical research was found focusing on individual traits; instead most considered PD diagnosis as a sole entity. A preliminary model has been developed detailing the link between potential interactions of diagnostic traits and risk of violence...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735136/is-borderline-personality-disorder-only-a-mental-health-problem
#10
Lionel Cailhol, Margot Francois, Claire Thalamas, Cécile Garrido, Philippe Birmes, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Joel Paris
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been shown to have increased rates of the use of medical services. The objective of this multicentre study was to compare the utilization of physical health services by patients with severe BPD (n = 36) with that of two control groups: one with other personality disorders (PDs) (n = 38) and one with matched subjects randomly selected from the general population (n = 165). Information was drawn from an insurance database collected over a 5-year period...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728869/clinical-features-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-of-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-with-versus-without-a-history-of-suicide-attempt
#11
Leo Sher, Amanda M Fisher, Caitlin H Kelliher, Justin D Penner, Marianne Goodman, Harold W Koenigsberg, Antonia S New, Larry J Siever, Erin A Hazlett
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are at high risk for suicidal behavior. However, many BPD patients do not engage in suicidal behavior. In this study, we compared clinical features of BPD patients with or without a history of suicide attempts and healthy volunteers. Compared with healthy volunteers, both BPD groups had higher Affective Lability Scale (ALS), ALS - Depression-Anxiety Subscale, Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), and Lifetime History of Aggression (LHA) scores and were more likely to have a history of temper tantrums...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684371/personality-traits-are-associated-with-research-misbehavior-in-dutch-scientists-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Joeri K Tijdink, Lex M Bouter, Coosje L S Veldkamp, Peter M van de Ven, Jelte M Wicherts, Yvo M Smulders
BACKGROUND: Personality influences decision making and ethical considerations. Its influence on the occurrence of research misbehavior has never been studied. This study aims to determine the association between personality traits and self-reported questionable research practices and research misconduct. We hypothesized that narcissistic, Machiavellianistic and psychopathic traits as well as self-esteem are associated with research misbehavior. METHODS: Included in this cross-sectional study design were 535 Dutch biomedical scientists (response rate 65%) from all hierarchical layers of 4 university medical centers in the Netherlands...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677830/psychiatric-evaluation-of-youths-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-and-psychopathic-traits-a-critical-review-of-assessment-measures
#13
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Paola Brovedani, Simone Pisano, Pietro Muratori
Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs) are stable and impairing disorders, heterogeneous in presentation, developmental pathways, and treatment needs. Disentangling subtypes according to psychopathological dimensions is helpful for timely diagnoses, precise prognoses and tailored interventions. Psychopathic traits are relevant in subtyping DBDs with severe antisocial and aggressive behaviors. Three psychopathy dimensions have been found: 1) an affective dimension, the callous-unemotional (CU) trait, with lack of empathy and remorse, and with short-lived emotions; 2) an interpersonal dimension, the narcissistic domain, with manipulative abilities, superficial charm, egocentricity and grandiosity; 3) a behavioral dimension, the impulsivity or impulsive-irresponsibility, with irresponsibility, proneness to boredom, and novelty seeking...
September 25, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660996/borderline-personality-disorder-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnoses-from-the-perspective-of-the-dsm-5-personality-traits-a-study-on-italian-clinical-participants
#14
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Cesare Maffei, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger
To evaluate the associations between Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) Alternative Model of Personality Disorder traits and domains and categorically diagnosed narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD), respectively, 238 inpatient and outpatient participants who were consecutively admitted to the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Unit of San Raffaele Hospital in Milan, Italy, were administered the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II)...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658988/-homicide-suicide-clinical-review-and-psychological-assumptions
#15
J Vandevoorde, N Estano, G Painset
OBJECTIVES: Suicide-homicide could be defined as a "suicidal" behaviour, which also includes the death of at least one other individual and sometimes up to hundreds. This literature review intends to highlight some characteristic features that might be found amongst the various types of suicide-homicide. It is a complex phenomenon which can occur in different situations, from a familial and somehow intimate setting (filicide, uxoricide, marital homicide…) to a public one (workplace shooting, school shooting), including a wide range of victims, from a single victim in marital cases of suicide-homicide to hundreds of victims in certain types, such as suicide by aircraft or warrior-like multi-homicids in terrorist acts...
September 19, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658843/narcissistic-personality-disorder-and-suicide
#16
Leo Sher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617654/coverage-of-the-dsm-iv-tr-dsm-5-section-ii-personality-disorders-with-the-dsm-5-dimensional-trait-model
#17
Stephanie L Rojas, Thomas A Widiger
Section III of DSM-5, for emerging measures and models, includes a five-domain, 25-trait model, assessed by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5. A primary concern with respect to the trait model is its coverage of the DSM-IV-TR personality disorder syndromes (all of which were retained in DSM-5). The current study considered not only total scale scores of three independent measures of DSM-IV-TR personality disorders but also the coverage of each diagnostic criterion included within six personality disorders: antisocial, borderline, avoidant, dependent, narcissistic, and obsessive-compulsive...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617650/narcissistic-personality-disorder-and-the-structure-of-common-mental-disorders
#18
Nicholas R Eaton, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Robert F Krueger, W Keith Campbell, Bridget F Grant, Deborah S Hasin
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) shows high rates of comorbidity with mood, anxiety, substance use, and other personality disorders. Previous bivariate comorbidity investigations have left NPD multivariate comorbidity patterns poorly understood. Structural psychopathology research suggests that two transdiagnostic factors, internalizing (with distress and fear subfactors) and externalizing, account for comorbidity among common mental disorders. NPD has rarely been evaluated within this framework, with studies producing equivocal results...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603806/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Michael H Stone
Information concerning the longitudinal course of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) derives mainly from (a) long-term (10 to 25 year) retrospective follow-up studies, primarily those conducted during the 1980s/1990s, (b) brief (1 to 3 year) follow-up studies of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of several different treatment approaches, and (c) prospective follow-up studies. The patients contacted in the retrospective studies had been treated mostly by psychoanalytically informed approaches or supportive...
December 0: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578005/predicting-personality-disorder-functioning-styles-by-the-chinese-adjective-descriptors-of-personality-a-preliminary-trial-in-healthy-people-and-personality-disorder-patients
#20
Hongying Fan, Qisha Zhu, Guorong Ma, Chanchan Shen, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Cultural and personality factors might contribute to the clinical differences of psychiatric patients all over the world including China. One cultural oriented Chinese Adjective Descriptors of Personality (CADP) designed to measure normal personality traits, might be specifically associated with different personality disorder functioning styles. METHODS: We therefore have invited 201 healthy volunteers and 67 personality disorder patients to undergo CADP, the Parker Personality Measure (PERM), and the Plutchik-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP) tests...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
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