keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emotional support animal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918951/subjective-alcohol-responses-in-a-cross-sectional-field-based-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-effects-of-age-drinking-level-and-dependence-consequences
#1
Hayley Treloar, Mark A Celio, Stephen A Lisman, Robert Miranda, Linda P Spear
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally different than adults in ways that may partially explain why alcohol misuse typically develops during this period. Ample animal-science evidence and nascent ecological evidence points toward developmentally limited differences in sensitivity to alcohol's stimulatory and sedative effects. Field-based research methods were used to test for such age-related differences in a sample of adolescents through young adults...
November 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909384/examining-emotional-support-animals-and-role-conflicts-in-professional-psychology
#2
Jeffrey N Younggren, Jennifer A Boisvert, Cassandra L Boness
This article examines the role conflicts that psychologists may face in their practices related to the evaluation and certification of emotional support animals (ESAs). It reviews the legal differences between ESAs and service animals (SAs), outlines ethical guidelines and legal policies/regulations regarding the use of ESAs, and examines the potential role conflicts that exist when a treating psychologist is certifying the need for an ESA. Finally, it makes recommendations to assist psychologists in staying within the standards of practice in order to avoid the ethical and legal risks associated with certifying an ESA...
August 2016: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903595/lifelong-imbalanced-linoleic-alpha-linolenic-acid-intake-impairs-emotional-and-cognitive-behavior-in-adult-rats-via-changes-in-brain-endocannabinoid-system
#3
Erica Zamberletti, Fabiana Piscitelli, Valentina De Castro, Elisabetta Murru, Marina Gabaglio, Paola Colucci, Chiara Fanali, Pamela Prini, Tiziana Bisogno, Mauro Maccarrone, Patrizia Campolongo, Sebastiano Banni, Tiziana Rubino, Daniela Parolaro
Imbalanced dietary n-3 and n-6 PUFA content has been associated with a number of neurological conditions. Endocannabinoids are n-6 PUFA derivatives, whose brain concentrations are sensitive to modifications of fatty acid composition of the diet, and play a central role in the regulation of mood and cognition. As such, the endocannabinoid system appears to be an ideal candidate for mediating the effects of dietary fatty acids on mood and cognition. Lifelong administration of isocaloric alpha linolenic acid (ALA) deficient and enriched diets induced short-term memory deficits, whereas only dietary ALA enrichment altered emotional reactivity in adult male rats compared to animals fed a standard diet, balanced in ALA/linoleic (LA) ratio...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809407/unique-effects-of-the-transporters-animated-series-and-of-parental-support-on-emotion-recognition-skills-of-children-with-asd-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Tali Gev, Ruthie Rosenan, Ofer Golan
Emotion recognition (ER) and understanding deficits are characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The Transporters (TT) animated series has shown promising results in teaching children with ASD to recognize emotions, with mixed findings about generalization and maintenance of effects. This study aimed to evaluate the unique role of TT and of parental support in the acquisition, generalization, and maintenance of acquired ER skills in children with ASD. 77 Israeli children with high functioning ASD, aged 4-7 were randomly assigned into four groups according to a 2 × 2 design of the factors Series (TT, control series) and Parental Support (with/without)...
November 3, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774512/social-transfer-of-pain-in-mice
#5
Monique L Smith, Caroline M Hostetler, Mary M Heinricher, Andrey E Ryabinin
A complex relationship exists between the psychosocial environment and the perception and experience of pain, and the mechanisms of the social communication of pain have yet to be elucidated. The present study examined the social communication of pain and demonstrates that "bystander" mice housed and tested in the same room as mice subjected to inflammatory pain or withdrawal from morphine or alcohol develop corresponding hyperalgesia. Olfactory cues mediate the transfer of hyperalgesia to the bystander mice, which can be measured using mechanical, thermal, and chemical tests...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733835/emotional-and-interactional-prosody-across-animal-communication-systems-a-comparative-approach-to-the-emergence-of-language
#6
Piera Filippi
Across a wide range of animal taxa, prosodic modulation of the voice can express emotional information and is used to coordinate vocal interactions between multiple individuals. Within a comparative approach to animal communication systems, I hypothesize that the ability for emotional and interactional prosody (EIP) paved the way for the evolution of linguistic prosody - and perhaps also of music, continuing to play a vital role in the acquisition of language. In support of this hypothesis, I review three research fields: (i) empirical studies on the adaptive value of EIP in non-human primates, mammals, songbirds, anurans, and insects; (ii) the beneficial effects of EIP in scaffolding language learning and social development in human infants; (iii) the cognitive relationship between linguistic prosody and the ability for music, which has often been identified as the evolutionary precursor of language...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720431/-common-physiological-basis-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-dependence-to-drugs-of-abuse-implications-for-new-therapeutic-approaches
#7
Pascale Gisquet-Verrier, Daniel Tolédano, Claire Le Dorze
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and addiction to drugs of abuse are two common diseases, showing high comorbidity rates. This review presents a number of evidence showing similarities between these two pathologies, especially the hyper-responsiveness to environmental cues inducing a reactivation of the target memory leading either to re-experiencing (PTSD), or drug craving. Accordingly, PTSD and addiction to drug of abuse might by considered as memory pathologies, underlined by the same physiological process...
September 15, 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689948/professional-veterinary-programs-perceptions-and-experiences-pertaining-to-emotional-support-animals-and-service-animals-and-recommendations-for-policy-development
#8
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685363/2016-aaha-iaahpc-end-of-life-care-guidelines
#9
Gail Bishop, Kathleen Cooney, Shea Cox, Robin Downing, Kathy Mitchener, Amir Shanan, Nancy Soares, Brenda Stevens, Tammy Wynn
End-of-life (EOL) care and decisionmaking embody the critical final stage in a pet's life and are as important and meaningful as the sum of the clinical care provided for all prior life stages. EOL care should focus on maximizing patient comfort and minimizing suffering while providing a collaborative and supportive partnership with the caregiver client. Timely, empathetic, and nonjudgmental communication is the hallmark of effective client support. Veterinarians should not allow an EOL patient to succumb to a natural death without considering the option of euthanasia and ensuring that other measures to alleviate discomfort and distress are in place...
November 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660073/affective-biases-in-humans-and-animals
#10
E S J Robinson, J P Roiser
Depression is one of the most common but poorly understood psychiatric conditions. Although drug treatments and psychological therapies are effective in some patients, many do not achieve full remission and some patients receive no apparent benefit. Developing new improved treatments requires a better understanding of the aetiology of symptoms and evaluation of novel therapeutic targets in pre-clinical studies. Recent developments in our understanding of the basic cognitive processes that may contribute to the development of depression and its treatment offer new opportunities for both clinical and pre-clinical research...
2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592249/pharmacological-inhibition-of-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-attenuates-social-behavioural-deficits-in-male-rats-prenatally-exposed-to-valproic-acid
#11
Daniel M Kerr, Aoife Gilmartin, Michelle Roche
Autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by impaired social interaction, deficits in communication and repetitive stereotyped behaviours. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in modulating emotionality and social responding, however there have been a paucity of studies investigating this system in autistic animal models. This study investigated the effect of inhibiting fatty acid amide hydrolyase (FAAH), the anandamide catabolic enzyme, on behavioural responding in the valproic acid (VPA) rat model of autism...
August 31, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548472/long-term-anesthetic-dependent-hypoactivity-after-repetitive-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-adolescent-mice
#12
Bridgette D Semple, Raha Sadjadi, Jaclyn Carlson, Yiran Chen, Duan Xu, Donna M Ferriero, Linda J Noble-Haeusslein
Recent evidence supports the hypothesis that repetitive mild traumatic brain injuries (rmTBIs) culminate in neurological impairments and chronic neurodegeneration, which have wide-ranging implications for patient management and return-to-play decisions for athletes. Adolescents show a high prevalence of sports-related head injuries and may be particularly vulnerable to rmTBIs due to ongoing brain maturation. However, it remains unclear whether rmTBIs, below the threshold for acute neuronal injury or symptomology, influence long-term outcomes...
2016: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521273/reducing-the-time-interval-between-concussion-and-voluntary-exercise-restores-motor-impairment-short-term-memory-and-alterations-to-gene-expression
#13
Richelle Mychasiuk, Harleen Hehar, Irene Ma, Sydney Candy, Michael J Esser
Despite the most common form of brain injury, there has been little progress in the prognosis and treatment of concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Current 'return-to-play' guidelines are conservative, deterring the initiation of physical and social activity until patients are asymptomatic; but the effects of post-injury exercise have not been adequately investigated. Therefore, this study examined the effects of voluntary exercise on concussion recovery. Using a translational rodent model of concussion, we examined the influence of exercise on injury-associated behaviours that comprise post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and gene expression changes (bdnf, dnmt1, Igf-1, pgc1-a, Tert) in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus...
October 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396763/emotional-support-animals-on-commercial-flights-a-risk-to-allergic-patients
#14
Brian C Baumann, Kelly M MacArthur, John C Baumann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353053/pomalidomide-mitigates-neuronal-loss-neuroinflammation-and-behavioral-impairments-induced-by-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rat
#15
Jin-Ya Wang, Ya-Ni Huang, Chong-Chi Chiu, David Tweedie, Weiming Luo, Chaim G Pick, Szu-Yi Chou, Yu Luo, Barry J Hoffer, Nigel H Greig, Jia-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global health concern that typically causes emotional disturbances and cognitive dysfunction. Secondary pathologies following TBI may be associated with chronic neurodegenerative disorders and an enhanced likelihood of developing dementia-like disease in later life. There are currently no approved drugs for mitigating the acute or chronic effects of TBI. METHODS: The effects of the drug pomalidomide (Pom), an FDA-approved immunomodulatory agent, were evaluated in a rat model of moderate to severe TBI induced by controlled cortical impact...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328132/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-cognition-executive-function-and-behavioural-disorders-in-primary-school-aged-children-in-rural-south-africa-a-cohort-analysis
#16
Tamsen J Rochat, Brian Houle, Alan Stein, Hoosen Coovadia, Anna Coutsoudis, Chris Desmond, Marie-Louise Newell, Ruth M Bland
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is associated with early child health; its longer-term benefits for child development remain inconclusive. We examine the associations between EBF, HIV exposure, and other maternal/child factors and the cognitive and emotional-behavioural development of children aged 7-11 y. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The Vertical Transmission Study (VTS) supported EBF in HIV-positive and HIV-negative women; between 2012 and 2014, HIV-negative VTS children (332 HIV exposed, 574 HIV unexposed) were assessed in terms of cognition (Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children Second Edition [KABC-II]), executive function (Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment Second Edition [NEPSY-II]), and emotional-behavioural functioning (parent-reported Child Behaviour Checklist, [CBCL])...
June 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311761/affective-biases-in-humans-and-animals
#17
E S J Robinson, J P Roiser
Depression is one of the most common but poorly understood psychiatric conditions. Although drug treatments and psychological therapies are effective in some patients, many do not achieve full remission and some patients receive no apparent benefit. Developing new improved treatments requires a better understanding of the aetiology of symptoms and evaluation of novel therapeutic targets in pre-clinical studies. Recent developments in our understanding of the basic cognitive processes that may contribute to the development of depression and its treatment offer new opportunities for both clinical and pre-clinical research...
June 17, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311631/behavioral-and-mechanistic-insight-into-rodent-empathy
#18
Sivaani Sivaselvachandran, Erinn L Acland, Salsabil Abdallah, Loren J Martin
Empathy is a psychological construct that allows individuals to understand and share the emotions of others. The ability to share emotional states relies on basic social mechanisms, such as mimicry and emotional contagion, which are considered building blocks for empathy. Mimicking another's emotional or physical state is essential for successful social interactions and is found in a number of animal species. For the current review we focus on emotional state sharing in rodents, a core feature of empathy that is often measured using pain and fear as proxies; we also discuss prosociality in rodents...
June 14, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230456/pathophysiological-role-of-neuroinflammation-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-psychiatric-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Heeok Hong, Byung Sun Kim, Heh-In Im
Brain diseases and disorders such as Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, depression, schizophrenia, autism, and addiction lead to reduced quality of daily life through abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotional states, and behavior. While the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood, human and animal studies have supported a role of neuroinflammation in the etiology of these diseases. In the central nervous system, an increased inflammatory response is capable of activating microglial cells, leading to the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α...
May 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169537/the-transgenerational-transmission-of-childhood-adversity-behavioral-cellular-and-epigenetic-correlates
#20
REVIEW
Nicole Gröger, Emmanuel Matas, Tomasz Gos, Alexandra Lesse, Gerd Poeggel, Katharina Braun, Jörg Bock
The view that the functional maturation of the brain is the result of an environmentally driven adaptation of genetically preprogrammed neuronal networks is an important current concept in developmental neuroscience and psychology. This hypothesis proposes that early traumatic experiences or early life stress (ELS) as a negative environmental experience provide a major risk factor for the development of dysfunctional brain circuits and as a consequence for the emergence of behavioral dysfunctions and mental disorders in later life periods...
September 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
keyword
keyword
96601
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"