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Neurotrophin 3

Bruna Dos Santos Ramalho, Fernanda Martins de Almeida, Conrado Mendonça Sales, Silmara de Lima, Ana Maria Blanco Martinez
In spite of advances in surgical care and rehabilitation, the consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) are still challenging. Several experimental therapeutic strategies have been studied in the SCI field, and recent advances have led to the development of therapies that may act on the inhibitory microenvironment. Assorted lineages of stem cells are considered a good treatment for SCI. This study investigated the effect of systemic transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a compressive SCI model...
June 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Patricia A Walicke, Franz Hefti, Roxanne Bales, Shiao-Ping Lu, Jon L Ruckle, Mark T Brown, Christine R West, David L Shelton
Introduction: The neurotrophin nerve growth factor has a demonstrated role in pain transduction and pathophysiology. Objectives: Two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1 studies were conducted to evaluate safety, tolerability, and analgesic efficacy of single doses of tanezumab, a humanized anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in chronic or acute pain. Methods: In the first study (CL001), patients with moderate to severe pain from osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee received a single intravenous infusion of tanezumab (3-1000 μg/kg) or placebo in a dose-escalation (part 1; N = 42) or parallel-arm (part 2; N = 79) study design...
May 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Xi Chen, Yannan Zhao, Xing Li, Zhifeng Xiao, Yuanjiang Yao, Yun Chu, Balázs Farkas, Ilaria Romano, Fernando Brandi, Jianwu Dai
Many factors contribute to the poor axonal regrowth and ineffective functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). Biomaterials have been used for SCI repair by promoting bridge formation and reconnecting the neural tissue at the lesion site. The mechanical properties of biomaterials are critical for successful design to ensure the stable support as soon as possible when compressed by the surrounding spine and musculature. Poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) scaffolds with high mechanical strength have been shown to provide firm spatial maintenance and to promote repair of tissue defects...
June 19, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Qian-Ru Zhao, Jun-Mei Lu, Zhao-Yang Li, Yan-Ai Mei
Neuritin is a neurotrophic factor that is activated by neural activity and neurotrophins. Its major function is to promote neurite growth and branching; however, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. To address this issue, the present study investigated the effects of neuritin on neurite and spine growth and intracellular Ca2+ concentration in rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). Incubation of CGNs for 24 h with neuritin increased neurite length and spine density; this effect was mimicked by insulin and abolished by inhibiting insulin receptor (IR) or mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
M Richner, O J Bjerrum, Y De Koninck, A Nykjaer, C B Vaegter
Background/aims The molecular mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain are incompletely understood, but recent data suggest that down-regulation of the chloride extruding co-transporter KCC2 in spinal cord sensory neurons is critical: Following peripheral nerve injury, activated microglia in the spinal cord release BDNF, which stimulates neuronal TrkB receptors and ultimately results in the reduction of KCC2 levels. Consequently, neuronal intracellular chloride ion concentration increases, impairing GABAA-receptor mediated inhibition...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Natalia Pessoa Rocha, João Paulo Sampaio Ferreira, Paula Luciana Scalzo, Izabela Guimarães Barbosa, Mariana Soares de Souza, Paulo Pereira Christo, Helton José Reis, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
There is great evidence linking neurotrophic factor (NF) dysfunction with Parkinson's disease (PD) pathophysiology. This study was conducted to evaluate plasma levels of NFs and their possible associations with clinical symptoms in PD. For this purpose, 40 PD patients and 25 controls were subjected to a clinical evaluation and peripheral blood draw. Plasma levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), pro-BDNF, neurotrophin 3, neurotrophin 4, nerve growth, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and ciliary neurotrophic factor were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
May 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Marieli Araujo Rossoni Marcioli, José Luis da Conceição Silva, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective: To evaluate the neurotrophin mRNA expression and axon count in the median nerve of Wistar rats submitted to neural mobilization (NM) after nerve compression. Methods: Eighteen animals were randomly divided into G1 (nerve compression only), G2 (NM for 1 min), and G3 (NM for 3 min). For NM, the animals were anesthetized and the right scapula received the mobilization, adapted as indicated for humans, on alternate days, from the third to the 13th postoperative (PO) day, totaling six days of therapy...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Andrew N Stewart, Griffin Kendziorski, Zachary M Deak, Nathanial C Bartosek, Brooke E Rezmer, Kenneth Jenrow, Julien Rossignol, Gary L Dunbar
Transplanting stem cells engineered to overexpress trophic factors can improve motor abilities and facilitate axon regeneration following spinal cord injury. This study compared several transplantation paradigms using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that overexpress the multi-neurotrophin, NT-3/D15A (NT-3-MSCs), to determine if different grafting strategies can elicit improved axon regeneration and/or behavioral outcomes following a complete T9 spinal transection. At one week post-transection, NT-3-MSCs were transplanted above, and at several locations below, the lesion site...
June 5, 2018: Brain Research
Onat Akyol, Prativa Sherchan, Gokce Yilmaz, Cesar Reis, Wingi Man Ho, Yuechun Wang, Lei Huang, Ihsan Solaroglu, John H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Surgical brain injury (SBI) which occurs due to the inadvertent injury inflicted to surrounding brain tissue during neurosurgical procedures can potentiate blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability, brain edema and neurological deficits. This study investigated the role of neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) and tropomyosin related kinase receptor C (TrkC) against brain edema and neurological deficits in a rat SBI model. METHODS: SBI was induced in male Sprague Dawley rats by partial right frontal lobe resection...
June 5, 2018: Experimental Neurology
So Young Kim, Jin Ki Kim, Byeong-Gon Kim, An-Soo Jang, Seung Ha Oh, Jun Ho Lee, Myung-Whan Seo, Moo Kyun Park
Little is known regarding the adverse effects of chronic particulate matter (PM) inhalation on the central nervous system (CNS). The present study aimed to examine how PM exposure impacts on oxidative stress and inflammatory processes, as well as the expression of interneurons and perineuronal nets (PNNs) in the CNS. BALB/c mice (6-week-old females, n = 32) were exposed to 1 to 5 μm size diesel-extracted particles (DEPs) (100 µg/m3 , 5 d/week, 5 h/day) and categorized into the following four groups: 1) 4-week DEP (n = 8); 2) 4-week control (n = 8), 3) 8-week DEP (n = 8); and 4) 8-week control (n = 8)...
June 4, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Ahreum Baek, Eun Jee Park, Soo Yeon Kim, Bae-Geun Nam, Ji Hyun Kim, Sang Woo Jun, Sung Hoon Kim, Sung-Rae Cho
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can be used in various neurological disorders. However, neurobiological mechanism of rTMS is not well known. Therefore, in this study, we examined the global gene expression patterns depending on different frequencies of repetitive magnetic stimulation (rMS) in both undifferentiated and differentiated Neuro-2a cells to generate a comprehensive view of the biological mechanisms. The Neuro-2a cells were randomly divided into three groups-the sham (no active stimulation) group, the low-frequency (0...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Ryan L Wood, Keaton S Karlinsey, Austin D Thompson, Mark N Rigby, Greggory D Boatright, William G Pitt, Beverly L Roeder, Scott C Steffensen, Alonzo D Cook
Schwann cells play a major role in helping heal injured nerves. They help clear debris, produce neurotrophins, upregulate neurotrophin receptors, and form bands of Büngner to guide the healing nerve. But nerves do not always produce enough neurotrophins and neurotrophin receptors to repair themselves. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is an important neurotrophin for promoting nerve healing and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) has been shown to stimulate NGF receptors (NGFR). This study tested the administration of a single intraneural injection of LPC (1 mg/mL for single LPC injection and 10 mg/mL for multiple LPC injections) at day 0 and one (day 7), two (days 5 and 7), or three (days 5, 7, and 9) injections of NGF (160 ng/mL for single injections and 80 ng/mL for multiple injections) to determine baseline effects on crushed sciatic nerves in rats...
May 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Changhui Qian, Dandan Tan, Xianghai Wang, Lixia Li, Jinkun Wen, Mengjie Pan, Yuanyuan Li, Wutian Wu, Jiasong Guo
Accumulating evidences suggest that peripheral nerve injury (PNI) may initiate astrocytic responses in the central nervous system (CNS). However, the response of astrocytes in the spinal ventral horn and its potential role in nerve regeneration after PNI remain unclear. Herein, we firstly illustrated that astrocytes in the spinal ventral horn were dramatically activated in the early stage following sciatic nerve injury, and these profiles were eliminated in the chronic stage. Additionally, we found that the expression of neurotrophins, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), also accompanied with astrocyte activation...
2018: Neural Plasticity
Daniel P Radin, Gary A Rogers, Kimberley E Hewitt, Richard Purcell, Arnold Lippa
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mounting evidence suggests that trophic cell signaling can be mediated by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) activation. It has been demonstrated that exogenous application of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is highly neuroprotective in vitro against neurotoxic insults such as standard chemotherapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Because positive allosteric modulation of AMPARs with ampakines can increase both BDNF mRNA and protein in vitro and in vivo, we examined whether application of the ampakines CX614 and CX729 promoted neuroprotection against staurosporine-induced cell death in rat primary cortical neurons using propidium iodide to stain for dead cells...
June 2018: Anticancer Research
Malihe Nakhaeifard, Maryam Haji Ghasem Kashani, Iran Goudarzi, Arezou Rezaei
Objective: Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) secrete numerous neurotrophic factors and cytokines in conditioned medium (CM), which protect neurons by its antioxidative and trophic effects. This research assesses the neuroprotective effect of ASCCM on neurotrophins genes expressions and tyrosine hydroxylase positive (TH+ ) cell density in male Wistar rats lesioned by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the groups consisted of lesioned and sham rats with unilateral injections of 20 μg of 6-OHDA neurotoxin and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) into the striatum, respectively...
October 2018: Cell Journal
Hong-Wei Wang, Peng Sun, Yao Chen, Li-Ping Jiang, Hui-Ping Wu, Wen Zhang, Feng Gao
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness globally. It is known that the incidence of glaucoma is closely associated with inheritance. A large number of studies have suggested that genetic factors are involved in the occurrence and development of glaucoma, and even affect the drug sensitivity and prognosis of glaucoma. In the present review, 22 loci of glaucoma are presented, including the relevant genes (myocilin, interleukin 20 receptor subunit B, optineurin, ankyrin repeat‑ and SOCS box‑containing protein 10, WD repeat‑containing protein 36, EGF‑containing fibulin‑like extracellular matrix protein 1, neurotrophin 4, TANK‑binding kinase 1, cytochrome P450 subfamily I polypeptide 1, latent transforming growth factor β binding protein 2 and TEK tyrosine kinase endothelial) and 74 other genes (including toll‑like receptor 4, sine oculis homeobox Drosophila homolog of 1, doublecortin‑like kinase 1, RE repeats‑encoding gene, retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator‑interacting protein, lysyl oxidase‑like protein 1, heat‑shock 70‑kDa protein 1A, baculoviral IAP repeat‑containing protein 6, 5,10‑methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and nitric oxide synthase 3 and nanophthalmos 1) that are more closely associated with glaucoma...
May 23, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
L Maruccio, C Lucini, P de Girolamo, L Avallone, C Solcan, L E Nechita, L Castaldo
NGF, BDNF, NT-3 and their specific receptors TrkA, TrkB and TrkC are known to be involved in the development and maintenance of vertebrates' nervous system. However, these molecules play a role also in non-neuronal tissue, such as in the reproductive system. In this study we investigated the presence and localization of neurotrophins and Trk receptors to unravel their potential role in the developing and adult ovary of Japanese quail, a model species well suited for reproduction studies. Western blotting analysis on ovaries of three month old quails in the period of egg laying showed the presence of pro and mature forms of neurotrophins and splice variants of Trk receptors...
May 26, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Marissa Giovanna Schamne, Josiel Mileno Mack, Morgana Moretti, Filipe Carvalho Matheus, Roger Walz, Laurence Lanfumey, Rui Daniel Prediger
Depression is a highly prevalent and debilitating non-motor symptom observed during the early stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although PD prevalence is higher in men, the depressive symptoms in PD are more common in women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the development of anhedonic- and depressive-like behaviors in male and female mice and the potential mechanisms related to depressive symptoms in an experimental model of PD. Young adult male and female C57BL/6 mice (3 months old) received a single intranasal (i...
May 28, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Linnan Wang, Lei Wang, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Xi Yang, Ganjun Feng, Chunguang Zhou
Objective: To explore the feasibility of co-transduction and co-expression of Nogo extracellular peptide residues 1-40 (NEP1-40) gene and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) gene into neural stem cells (NSCs). Methods: NSCs were derived from the cortex tissue of Sprague Dawley rat embryo. The experiment included 5 groups: no-load lentiviral vector transducted NSCs (group A), NEP1-40 transducted NSCs (group B), NT-3 transducted NSCs (group C), NEP1-40 and NT-3 corporately transducted NSCs (group D), and blank control (group E)...
April 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Emily A E Black, Pauline M Smith, William McIsaac, Alastair V Ferguson
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin traditionally associated with neural plasticity, has more recently been implicated in fluid balance and cardiovascular regulation. It is abundantly expressed in both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral tissue, and is also found in circulation. Studies suggest that circulating BDNF may influence the CNS through actions at the subfornical organ (SFO), a circumventricular organ (CVO) characterized by the lack of a normal blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
May 2018: Physiological Reports
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