Read by QxMD icon Read

otolith rehabilitation

Sebastien Laporte, Danping Wang, Jennyfer Lecompte, Sophie Blancho, Baptiste Sandoz, Antoine Feydy, Pavel Lindberg, Julien Adrian, Elodie Chiarovano, Catherine de Waele, Pierre-Paul Vidal
The main concern with whiplash is that a large proportion of whiplash patients experience disabling symptoms or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) for months if not years following the accident. Therefore, identifying early prognostic factors of WAD development is important as WAD have widespread clinical and economic consequences. In order to tackle that question, our study was specifically aimed at combining several methods of investigation in the same WAD patients at the acute stage and 6 months later...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Joshua J Gnanasegaram, William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Carmen L McKnight, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
Vestibular end organ impairment is highly prevalent in children who have sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) rehabilitated with cochlear implants (CIs). As a result, spatial perception is likely to be impacted in this population. Of particular interest is the perception of visual vertical because it reflects a perceptual tilt in the roll axis and is sensitive to an imbalance in otolith function. The objectives of the present study were thus to identify abnormalities in perception of the vertical plane in children with SNHL and determine whether such abnormalities could be resolved with stimulation from the CI...
2016: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Salma Jeribi, Abdelmoneem Yahia, Imen Achour, Bouthaina Hammemi, Abdelmoneem Ghorbel, Mohamed Habib Elleuch, Sameh Ghroubi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of completing a vestibular rehabilitation treatment protocol on postural balance, dizziness and quality of life in patients with peripheral vertigo. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study concerning patients with instability due to unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder. The patients were evaluated with a clinical examination and a test of static and dynamic balance on the Satel(®) platform in which length, mediolateral (LongX) and anterior-posterior deviations (long Y) were monitored...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Yuan Zhao, Taisheng Chen, Wei Wang, Kaixu Xu, Chao Wen, Qiang Liu, Xi Han, Shanshan Li, Xiaojie Li, Peng Lin
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the characteristics of subjective visual gravity (subjective visual vertical/horizontal, SVV/SVH) and assess its clinical application for peripheral unilateral vestibular compensation. METHODS: 69 cases of acute peripheral unilateral vestibular dysfunction patients (case group) accepted SVV/SVH, spontaneous nystagmus (SN), caloric test (CT) and other vestibular function tests. 49 healthy people (control group) accepted SVV/SVH only. SVV/SVH, SN and unilateral weakness (UW) were selected as for the observation indicators...
May 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Susan L Whitney, Ahmad H Alghadir, Shahnawaz Anwer
Vestibular rehabilitation of persons with peripheral and central vestibular disorders requires a thorough evaluation and a customized plan of care. Collaboration of the various members of the treatment team optimizes outcomes. Early intervention appears to be better than referring patients who have developed chronic symptoms of balance loss, dizziness, anxiety, and depression. There is a body of emerging evidence that supports that the central nervous system has the capability to reweigh sensory inputs in order to improve function...
March 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Martha Funabashi, Aline I Flores, Amanda Vicentino, Camila G C Barros, Octavio M Pontes-Neto, João P Leite, Taiza E G Santos-Pontelli
Background. The subjective visual vertical (SVV) is a perception often impaired in patients with neurologic disorders and is considered a sensitive tool to detect otolithic dysfunctions. However, it remains unclear whether the semicircular canals (SCCs) are also involved in the visual vertical perception. Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of horizontal SCCs on SVV by caloric stimulation in healthy subjects. Methods. SVV was performed before and during the ice-cold caloric stimulation (4°C, right ear) in 30 healthy subjects...
2015: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Kara H Beaton, W Cary Huffman, Michael C Schubert
Increased ocular positioning misalignments upon exposure to altered gravity levels (g-levels) have been strongly correlated with space motion sickness (SMS) severity, possibly due to underlying otolith asymmetries uncompensated in novel gravitational environments. We investigated vertical and torsional ocular positioning misalignments elicited by the 0 and 1.8 g g-levels of parabolic flight and used these data to develop a computational model to describe how such misalignments might arise. Ocular misalignments were inferred through two perceptual nulling tasks: Vertical Alignment Nulling (VAN) and Torsional Alignment Nulling (TAN)...
2015: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
Reza Hoseinabadi, Akram Pourbakht, Nasrin Yazdani, Ali Kouhi, Mohammad Kamali
The presence of utricular and saccular dysfunction impairs quality of life (QoL) in patients. The aims of the present study were to examine the effect of repositioning maneuvers on QoL of patients with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and to describe the effect of cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) or ocular VEMP (oVEMP) abnormalities on patient recovery after rehabilitation. Thirty idiopathic BPPV patients with/without otolith dysfunctions (n = 15, each group) were included in this clinical trial study...
March 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Guangwei Zhou, Jacob R Brodsky
OBJECTIVE: To conduct objective assessment of children with balance and vestibular complaints following sports-related concussions and identify the underlying deficits by analyzing laboratory test outcomes. STUDY DESIGNS: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Pediatric tertiary care facility. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records were reviewed of 42 pediatric patients with balance and/or vestibular complaints following sports-related concussions who underwent comprehensive laboratory testing on their balance and vestibular function...
June 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Simon I Angeli, Marianne Abouyared, Hillary Snapp, Daniel Jethanamest
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of otolith dysfunction in patients with refractory benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). STUDY DESIGN: Unmatched case control. SETTING: Tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients included were diagnosed with BPPV, failed initial in-office canalith repositioning maneuvers (CRMs), and completed vestibular testing and vestibular rehabilitation (n = 40). Refractory BPPV (n = 19) was defined in patients whose symptoms did not resolve despite vestibular rehabilitation...
August 2014: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Leonel Luis, João Costa, Fernando Vaz Garcia, Josep Valls-Solé, Thomas Brandt, Erich Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical pathophysiology of oculomotor changes in a patient presenting with a spontaneous semicircular horizontal canal plug. PATIENT: A 42-year-old man with acute spontaneous vertigo with spinning and persistent left-horizontal nystagmus, intensity but not direction dependent on head orientation with respect to gravity, indicating a benign paroxysmal positional vertigo due to otoconia causing a plug in the horizontal semicircular canal...
June 2013: Otology & Neurotology
Solange Martiliano Lança, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Cristiane Akemi Kasse, Fatima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro, Daniela Patricia Vaz, Renata Coelho Scharlach
UNLABELLED: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is highly prevalent in the elderly population, triggering major changes in body balance. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained from static posturography in the elderly before and after otoliths repositioning maneuvers and 12 months after treatment onset. DESIGN: longitudinal, descriptive and analytical study. METHOD: Elderly patients with clinical diagnosis of BPPV submitted to Balance Rehabilitation Unit static posturography in 10 sensory conditions at three time intervals: before and after the repositioning maneuver and12 months after the treatment RESULTS: We studied 23 subjects with a mean age of 68...
January 2013: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Yuri Agrawal, Maria Geraldine Zuniga, Marcela Davalos-Bichara, Michael C Schubert, Jeremy D Walston, Jennifer Hughes, John P Carey
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the physiologic nature of the vestibular dysfunction that occurs with the normative aging process. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care academic medical center. PATIENTS: Fifty individuals age 70 years and above. INTERVENTIONS: Head thrust dynamic visual acuity testing and cervical and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semicircular canal function measured by head thrust dynamic visual acuity testing in each of the 3 semicircular canal planes, and saccular and utricular function measured by cervical VEMP and ocular VEMP testing, respectively...
July 2012: Otology & Neurotology
Anuradha Shetye
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is an uncommon complication that can develop after cochlear implantation. This condition has been documented in adults as a complication of cochlear implant surgery. However, there is no reported literature on BPPV in children who have undergone cochlear implant surgery. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old girl underwent the insertion of a cochlear implant and developed BPPV as a result of visiting fairground rides approximately 2 years after surgery...
August 2012: Cochlear Implants International
David D Pothier, John A Rutka, Paul J Ranalli
OBJECTIVE: Following recently described small series of patients with the syndrome of cerebellar ataxia with bilateral vestibulopathy (CABV), the authors undertook a careful clinical and laboratory assessment of patients who presented to their unit with characteristics of this syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Case note review. SETTING: Tertiary, university-based, multidisciplinary neurootology clinic. SUBJECTS: Thirty-three patients whose characteristics fit this syndrome...
May 2012: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Dietmar Basta, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela, Mario Edwin Greters, Roseli Saraiva Bittar, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Rahel Eckardt, Tatsuhiko Harada, Fumiyuki Goto, Kaoru Ogawa, Arne Ernst
OBJECTIVE: Vestibular rehabilitation strategies mostly require a long-lasting training in stance conditions, which is finally not always successful. The individualized training in everyday-life conditions with an intuitive tactile neurofeedback stimulus seems to be a more promising approach. Hence, the present study was aimed at investigating the efficacy of a new vibrotactile neurofeedback system for vestibular rehabilitation. STUDY DESIGN: Double-blinded trial...
December 2011: Otology & Neurotology
Uwe Schönfeld, Andrew H Clarke
CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that various response patterns of subjective visual vertical (SVV) can be identified during unilateral centrifugation (UC). It is proposed that these response types correspond to different degrees of compensation after disease. This is advantageous for monitoring the effect of rehabilitative measures and is useful in medico-legal issues. It also emerges that diagnosis of unilateral utricle function requires the determination not only of asymmetry ratio but also offset of SVV estimates...
October 2011: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Andrew H Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent reports on vestibular testing, relevant to clinical diagnosis, are reviewed.Besides the case history and bedside examination, objective measurement of the vestibuloocular reflex in all of its facets remains the cornerstone in the diagnostic process. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years, this has been enhanced considerably by reliable unilateral tests for the otolith organs, most notably by vestibular-evoked myogenic potential recording and estimation of subjective visual vertical...
October 2010: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Katherine J Murray, Keith Hill, Bev Phillips, John Waterston
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a successful approach to the treatment of vestibular dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of otolith dysfunction on the response to VR in individuals with a peripheral vestibular disorder. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Eighteen participants with loss of semicircular canal function only, and 29 participants with combined loss of semicircular canal and otolith organ function were recruited...
June 2010: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Gail Ishiyama
Dizziness, vertigo, and imbalance are likely the most common presenting complaints among patients 75 years and older in office practices. Although the cause of falls among the aging population is multifactorial, several studies have implicated senescence of the vestibular periphery. It is imperative that clinicians correctly diagnose and treat dizziness and vertigo in the geriatric population, as vestibular impairment is quite responsive to specifically designed rehabilitation. One of the most common causes of vertigo in older adults is benign positional vertigo...
November 2009: Seminars in Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"