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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223784/thalidomide-attenuates-development-of-morphine-dependence-in-mice-by-inhibiting-pi3k-akt-and-nitric-oxide-signaling-pathways
#1
Muhammad Imran Khan, Majid Momeny, Sattar Ostadhadi, Samane Jahanabadi, Shahram Ejtemaee-Mehr, Bilqees Sameem, Ghazaleh Zarrinrad, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Morphine dependence and the subsequent withdrawal syndrome restrict its clinical use in management of chronic pain. The precise mechanism for the development of dependence is still elusive. Thalidomide is a glutamic acid derivative, recently has been reconsidered for its clinical use due to elucidation of different clinical effects. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is an intracellular transducer enzyme which activates Akt which in turns increases the level of nitric oxide. It is well established that elevated levels of nitric oxide has a pivotal role in the development of morphine dependence...
December 6, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222012/macrophage-immunomodulatory-activity-of-the-polysaccharide-isolated-from-collybia-radicata-mushroom
#2
Yufeng Wang, Youqiu Tian, Jiangjuan Shao, Xu Shu, Jinxia Jia, Xiaojie Ren, Yue Guan
Polysaccharides from Collybia radicata mushroom (CRP) possess many functions, such as antiviral, anti-aging and hypolipidemic activities. However, little is known about their immunomodulatory activity. To address this issue, we did a thorough research into their immune effects on murine macrophages. The results showed that the 14942Da polysaccharide not only obviously improved the proliferation and phagocytosis of macrophages, but also induced the secretion of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin factors (IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221948/cnb-001-a-synthetic-pyrazole-derivative-of-curcumin-suppresses-lipopolysaccharide-induced-nitric-oxide-production-through-the-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-p38-mapk-pathways-in-microglia
#3
Tatsuhiro Akaishi, Kazuho Abe
CNB-001, a pyrazole derivative of curcumin, has been found to exert neuroprotective and memory-enhancing effects that may be effective for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Since aberrant activation of microglia is involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of CNB-001 on microglia-mediated inflammatory responses. In primary cultured rat microglia, CNB-001 (1-10µM) suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production and expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and the potency of CNB-001 was stronger than curcumin...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221883/anti-neuroinflammatory-effects-of-sesquiterpenoids-isolated-from-nardostachys-jatamansi
#4
Chi-Su Yoon, Kwan-Woo Kim, Sang-Chan Lee, Youn-Chul Kim, Hyuncheol Oh
Two new nardosinone-type sesquiterpenoids, namely kanshone J (1) and kanshone K (2) along with seven known terpenoids (3-9) were isolated from the rhizomes and roots of Nardostachys jatamansi DC (Valerianaceae). The structures of these compounds were determined mainly by analysis of 1D-, 2D-NMR and MS data. In addition, the absolute configuration of compound 1 was assigned by application of the modified Mosher's method. In an initial assay to evaluate their anti-neuroinflammatory effects, compounds 1-5 and 9 exhibited dose-dependent inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in BV2 cells, with IC50 values ranging from 2...
November 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220719/house-dust-mite-allergen-causes-certain-features-of-steroid-resistant-asthma-in-high-fat-fed-obese-mice
#5
Vijay Pal Singh, Ulaganathan Mabalirajan, Kunal Pratap, Devika Bahal, Deepanshu Maheswari, Atish Gheware, Aabha Bajaj, Lipsa Panda, Ashish Jaiswal, Arjun Ram, Anurag Agrawal
Obesity is a high risk factor for diseases such as cardiovascular, metabolic syndrome and asthma. Obese-asthma is another emerging phenotype in asthma which is typically refractive to steroid treatment due to its non-classical features such as non-eosinophilic cellular inflammation. The overall increased morbidity, mortality and economical burden in asthma is mainly due to steroid resistant asthma. In the present study, we used high fat diet induced obese mice which when sensitized with house dust mite (HDM) showed steroid resistant features...
December 4, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220410/cleavage-of-osmosensitive-transcriptional-factor-nfat5-by-coxsackieviral-protease-2a-promotes-viral-replication
#6
Ye Qiu, Xin Ye, Huifang Mary Zhang, Paul Hanson, Guangze Zhao, Lei Tong, Ronald Xie, Decheng Yang
Nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5)/Tonicity enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) is a transcription factor induced by hypertonic stress in the kidney. However, the function of NFAT5 in other organs has rarely been studied, even though it is ubiquitously expressed. Indeed, although NFAT5 was reported to be critical for heart development and function, its role in infectious heart diseases has remained obscure. In this study, we aimed to understand the mechanism by which NFAT5 interferes with infection of Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), a major cause of viral myocarditis...
December 8, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218573/dual-neutralization-of-tnfr-2-and-mmp-2-regulates-the-severity-of-s-aureus-induced-septic-arthritis-correlating-alteration-in-the-level-of-interferon-gamma-and-interleukin-10-in-terms-of-tnfr2-blocking
#7
Sahin Sultana, Rajen Dey, Biswadev Bishayi
Severity of S. aureus septic arthritis is correlated to prolonged inflammation by inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 even after successful elimination of bacteria. Role of TNF-α via TNFR2 is not well established in this aspect. IFN-γ induces TNF-α release from the macrophages augmenting the inflammatory arthritis. IL-10 modulates the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines promoting resolution of inflammation. TNF-α-TNFR2 signaling upregulates both of these cytokines. Higher level of MMP-2 induction by inflammatory cytokines during arthritis promotes tissue destruction...
December 7, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218410/cardioprotective-effect-of-thyroid-hormone-is-mediated-by-at2-receptor-and-involves-nitric-oxide-production-via-akt-activation-in-mice
#8
Ivson Bezerra da Silva, Dayane Aparecida Gomes, Natalia Alenina, Michael Bader, Robson Augusto Dos Santos, Maria Luiza M Barreto-Chaves
Studies have demonstrated that thyroid hormone (T3) can precondition the heart against ischaemic injury and improve post-ischaemic recovery. This study investigated whether the AT2 receptor (AT2R) is involved in cardioprotection and the potential molecular mechanism responsible for this effect. Hyperthyroidism was induced in male wild-type (WT) and AT2R knockout (KO) mice by administering daily intraperitoneal injections of T3 (7 μg/100 g body weight) for 14 days. The mouse hearts were harvested and perfused with a Krebs-Henseleit solution at a constant flow in a Langendorff set-up...
December 7, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218106/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-effectively-protects-brain-against-chronic-cerebral-hypo-perfusion-induced-neuropathological-changes
#9
Han-Tan Chai, Kuan-Hung Chen, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Chih-Hung Chen, Pei-Hsun Sung, Yung-Lung Chen, Chun-Man Yuen, Pei-Lin Shao, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Ching-Jen Wang, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip, Sheung-Fat Ko
This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy could protect mouse brain from chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CHP)-induced neuropathological changes in a bilateral carotid arterial stenosis (CAS) model. Adult-male C57BL/6 (B6) mice (n=36) were randomized into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (CHP) and group 3 [CHP+ECSW (100 impulses at 0.15 mJ/mm2) on day 5, 10 and 15 after CHP induction]. By day 60 after CHP induction, the white matter lesion, protein expressions of inflammatory (TNF-α/NF-κB/iNOS), oxidative-stress (NOX-1/NOX-2/NOX-4/nitrotyrosine), angiogenesis (eNOS/CD31), apoptotic (Bax/caspase-3/PARP), fibrotic (Smad3/TGF-ß) and mitochondrial-damaged (cytosolic cytochrome-C) biomarkers were significantly higher in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3, and significantly higher in group 3 than in group 1, whereas the protein expressions of anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2), anti-fibrotic (BMP-2/Smad1/5), and mitochondrial-integrity (mitochondrial cytochrome-C) biomarkers showed an opposite pattern to inflammation among the three groups (all P<0...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218088/effect-of-astragaloside-iv-on-diabetic-gastric-mucosa-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#10
Ningding Wang, Frederick Siu, Yongbin Zhang
This study evaluated the effects of AS-IV on high glucose induced-gastric mucosal lesions compared to the effects of the Bu-zhong-yi-qi pill and the Xiaoke pill, which are already in clinical use. STZ-induced diabetic SD rats were treated with drugs for 12 weeks. Diabetes serum (DS) was used to mimic high glucose conditions in GES-1 cells in vitro at different concentrations and time points. The drugs were set at three concentration gradients for 24, 48 and 72 h before being added to DS-induced GES-1 cells...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217486/aberrant-promoter-methylation-in-genes-related-to-hematopoietic-malignancy-in-workers-exposed-to-a-voc-mixture
#11
Octavio Jiménez-Garza, Liqiong Guo, Hyang-Min Byun, Mariella Carrieri, Giovanni Battista Bartolucci, Briscia Socorro Barrón-Vivanco, Andrea A Baccarelli
Occupational exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may cause hematopoietic malignancy, either by single exposure to benzene or possibly due to a concomitant exposure to several VOCs. Since oxidative stress, inflammation and DNA repair pathways are closely involved in cancer development, the effect of VOC exposure on expression of proteins involved in these pathways has been studied, but epigenetic changes have not been well described. Here, DNA methylation status following occupational exposure to a VOC mixture was assessed by bisulfite sequencing of the promoter regions of seven genes involved in the mentioned pathways...
December 4, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214724/cme-1-a-novel-polysaccharide-suppresses-inos-expression-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-macrophages-through-ceramide-initiated-protein-phosphatase-2a-activation
#12
Joen-Rong Sheu, Zhih-Cherng Chen, Ming-Jen Hsu, Shwu-Huey Wang, Kuo-Wei Jung, Wei-Fan Wu, Szu-Han Pan, Ruei-Dun Teng, Chih-Hao Yang, Cheng-Ying Hsieh
CME-1, a novel water-soluble polysaccharide purified from Ophiocordyceps sinensis mycelia, has anti-oxidative, antithrombotic and antitumour properties. In this study, other major attributes of CME-1, namely anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties, were investigated. Treating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells with CME-1 concentration-dependently suppressed nitric oxide formation and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. In the CME-1-treated RAW 264.7 cells, LPS-induced IκBα degradation and the phosphorylation of p65, Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38, were reduced...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214686/myricetin-attenuated-lps-induced-cardiac-injury-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#13
Nan Zhang, Hong Feng, Hai-Han Liao, Si Chen, Zheng Yang, Wei Deng, Qi-Zhu Tang
Sepsis induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) is a common complication and leads to an increased mortality. SIMD is closely related to inflammation and oxidative stress. Myricetin exhibits strong capacities of anti-inflammation and anti-oxidative stress, but its pharmacological effects for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced cardiac injury remains undefined. This study aimed to explore whether myricetin was efficient to alleviate SIMD in mice and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes injury. Mice administrated with myricetin (100 mg/kg, po, bid) or vehicle groups were challenged with LPS (10 mg/kg, ip), and cardiac functions examined by echocardiography after 12 hr LPS exposure...
December 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214554/geniposide-suppresses-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induced-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rat-chondrocytes-via-the-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#14
Tianlong Pan, Xuchao Shi, Huan Chen, Rong Chen, Dengying Wu, Zeng Lin, Jingdong Zhang, Jun Pan
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease that is principally characterized by progressive joint dysfunction and cartilage degradation. Inflammation and apoptosis play critical roles in the progression of OA. Geniposide (GPO), one of the principal components of the fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and other pharmacological effects. In this study, we performed in vitro experiments on rat chondrocytes to examine the therapeutic effects of GPO on OA and investigated its effects in vivo in a rat model of OA induced by medial meniscal tear (MMT)...
December 6, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214225/crocin-a-plant-derived-carotenoid-modulates-microglial-reactivity
#15
Mücella Arikan Yorgun, Khalid Rashid, Alexander Aslanidis, Charlotte Bresgen, Katharina Dannhausen, Thomas Langmann
Microglia activation plays an important role in immune responses in the CNS including the retina. Crocin, a plant-derived carotenoid, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidative capacity in models of retinal damage and degeneration. If these neuroprotective effects could be mediated by direct modulation of microglial cells is unclear. Here, we examined the direct effects of crocin on key functions and pro-inflammatory gene expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 microglia...
December 2017: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214215/genomic-and-transcriptomic-heterogeneity-in-metaplastic-carcinomas-of-the-breast
#16
Salvatore Piscuoglio, Charlotte K Y Ng, Felipe C Geyer, Kathleen A Burke, Catherine F Cowell, Luciano G Martelotto, Rachael Natrajan, Tatiana Popova, Christopher A Maher, Raymond S Lim, Ino de Bruijn, Odette Mariani, Larry Norton, Anne Vincent-Salomon, Britta Weigelt, Jorge S Reis-Filho
Metaplastic breast cancer (MBC) is a rare special histologic type of triple-negative breast cancer, characterized by the presence of neoplastic cells showing differentiation towards squamous epithelium and/or mesenchymal elements. Here we sought to define whether histologically distinct subgroups of MBCs would be underpinned by distinct genomic and/or transcriptomic alterations. Microarray-based copy number profiling identified limited but significant differences between the distinct MBC subtypes studied here, despite the limited sample size (n = 17)...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212296/immune-enhancement-effect-of-asterias-amurensis-fatty-acids-through-nf-kappab-and-mapk-pathways-on-raw-264-7-cells
#17
Chaiwat Monmai, Seok Hyeon Go, Il-Sik Shin, SangGuan You, Hyungjae Lee, SeokBeom Kang, Woo Jung Park
Asterias amurensis is a marine organism that causes damage to the fishing industry worldwide; however, it has been considered a promising source of functional components. The present study aimed to investigate the immune-enhancing effects of fatty acids from three organs of A. amurensis on murine macrophages (RAW 264.7 cells). A. amurensis fatty acids boosted production of immune-associated factors such as nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 in RAW 264.7 cells. A. amurensis fatty acids also enhanced expression of critical immune-associated genes, including iNOS, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, as well as COX-2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210363/inos-and-nox1-dependent-ros-production-maintains-bacterial-homeostasis-in-the-ileum-of-mice
#18
C Matziouridou, S D C Rocha, O A Haabeth, K Rudi, H Carlsen, A Kielland
The intestinal epithelial cells constitute the first line of defense against gut microbes, which includes secretion of various antimicrobial substances. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are well characterized as part of the innate phagocytic immunity; however, a role in controlling microorganisms in the gut lumen is less clear. Here, we show a role for nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)- and NOX1-produced ROS in maintaining homeostasis of the gut microbiota. In vivo imaging revealed distinctly high levels of ROS in the ileum of normal healthy mice, regulated in accordance with the amount of gut bacteria...
December 6, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209510/milrinone-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-randomized-pilot-trial-study-protocol-review-of-literature-and-survey-of-current-practices
#19
REVIEW
Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Martin Keszler, Haresh Kirpalani, Krisa Van Meurs, Patricia Chess, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Bradley Yoder, Maria V Fraga, Holly Hedrick, Kevin P Lally, Leif Nelin, Michael Cotten, Jonathan Klein, Stephanie Guilford, Ashley Williams, Aasma Chaudhary, Marie Gantz, Jenna Gabrio, Dhuly Chowdhury, Kristin Zaterka-Baxter, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is commonly associated with pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH associated with CDH (CDH-PH) is frequently resistant to conventional pulmonary vasodilator therapy including inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) possibly due to right and left ventricular dysfunction. Milrinone is an intravenous inotrope and lusitrope with pulmonary vasodilator properties and has been shown anecdotally to improve oxygenation in PH. We developed this pilot study to determine if milrinone infusion would improve oxygenation in neonates ≥36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with CDH...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208934/salmonella-small-rna-fragment-sal-1-facilitates-bacterial-survival-in-infected-cells-via-suppressing-inos-induction-in-a-microrna-manner
#20
Chihao Zhao, Zhen Zhou, Tianfu Zhang, Fenyong Liu, Chen-Yu Zhang, Ke Zen, Hongwei Gu
Salmonella can hijack host atypical miRNA processing machinery to cleave its small non-coding RNA into a ~22-nt RNA fragment, Sal-1, which facilitates Salmonella survival in the infected host. The mechanism through which Sal-1 promotes Salmonella survival, however, remains unknown. In the present study, we reported that Sal-1 targets cellular inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in a miRNA manner, leading to attenuation of host cell iNOS/NO-mediated anti-microbial capacity. First, depletion of Sal-1 in Salmonella-infected epithelial cells significantly increased the iNOS level but not the levels of various inflammatory cytokines...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
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